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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528347

RESUMO

Strain 11-3T was isolated from the surface seawater along the coast of Xiamen Island, China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, short and rod-shaped, nonmotile, 0.5-1.0 µm in width and 1.0-2.0 µm in length. Growth of strain 11-3T was at temperature of 15-37°C (optimum 28-35°C), at pH of 5.0-11.0 (optimum 7.0-9.0) and at salinity range of 0-10 (optimum 0.5-1). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain 11-3T belonged to the genus Paracoccus and had the highest similarity with Paracoccus caeni MJ17T (98.1 %), followed by Paracoccus xiamenensis 12-3T (97.1 %), Paracoccus zeaxanthinifaciens ATCC 21588T (97.1 %), Paracoccus aestuarii DSM 19484T (97.0 %), Paracoccus liaowanqingii 2251T (97.0 %), Paracoccus fistulariae KCTC 22803T (97.0 %) and other species of the genus Paracoccus (95.2-96.8 %). The DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 11-3T and the selected strains (P. caeni MJ17T, P. xiamenensis 12-3T, P. zeaxanthinifaciens ATCC 21588T, P. aestuarii DSM 19484T and P. liaowanqingii 2251T) were 19.4, 19.5, 21.6, 19.3 and 19.8 %, respectively. Corresponding, their ANI values were 77.53, 75.61, 75.36, 75.73 and 75.33 %, respectively. The major fatty acid was summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω6c/ω7c). The major respiratory quinone was Q10. The polar lipids included phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), unidentified glycolipid (GL) and unidentified aminolipid (AL). The DNA G+C content of strain 11-3T was 60.1 %. Based on results of the phylogenetic analysis, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain 11-3T represents a novel species of the genus Paracoccus, for which the name Paracoccus amoyensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 11-3T (=MCCC 1A16380T=KCTC 72689T).

2.
Curr Microbiol ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599831

RESUMO

Two novel Alcanivorax-related strains, designated ST75FaO-1T and 521-1, were isolated from the seawater of the South China Sea and the deep-sea sediment of the West Pacific Ocean, respectively. Both strains are Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, and non-motile, and grow at 10-40 °C, pH 5.0-10.0, in the presence of 1.0-15.0% (w/v) NaCl. Their 16S rRNA gene sequences showed 99.9% similarity. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that both strains belong to the genus Alcanivorax, and share 92.9-98.1% sequence similarity with all valid type strains of this genus, with the highest similarity being to type strain Alcanivorax venustensis DSM 13974T (98.0-98.1%). Digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity values between strains ST75FaO-1T and 521-1 were 75.7% and 97.1%, respectively, while the corresponding values with A. venustensis DSM 13974T were only 25.4-25.6% and 82.4-82.7%, respectively. The two strains contained similar major cellular fatty acids including C16:0, C18:1 ω7c/ω6c, C19:0 cyclo ω8c, C16:1 ω7c/ω6c, C12:0 3-OH, and C12:0. The genomic G + C content of strains ST75FaO-1T and 521-1 were 66.3% and 66.1%, respectively. Phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified phospholipids, and one unidentified polar lipid were present in both strains. On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, the two strains represent a novel species within the genus Alcanivorax, for which the name Alcanivorax profundimaris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ST75FaO-1T (= MCCC 1A17714T = KCTC 82142T).

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406030

RESUMO

A novel sulphate-reducing, Gram-stain-negative, anaerobic strain, isolate XJ01T, recovered from production fluid at the LiaoHe oilfield, PR China, was the subject of a polyphasic study. The isolate together with Desulfovibrio oxamicus NCIMB 9442T and Desulfovibrio termitidis DSM 5308T formed a distinct, well-supported clade in the Desulfovibrionaceae 16S rRNA gene tree. The taxonomic status of the clade was underscored by complementary phenotypic data. The three isolates comprising the clade formed distinct phyletic branches and were distinguished using a combination of physiological features and by low average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values. Consequently, it is proposed that isolate XJ01T represents a novel genus and species for which the name Cupidesulfovibrio liaohensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed with the type strain XJ01T (=CGMCC 1.5227T=DSM 107637T). It is also proposed that D. oxamicus and D. termitidis be reclassified as Cupidesulfovibrio oxamicus comb. nov. and Cupidesulfovibrio termitidis comb. nov., respectively.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502307

RESUMO

Two novel Gram-strain-negative and rod-shaped bacteria, designated strain G1T and G2T, were isolated from sediment samples collected from the coast of Xiamen, PR China. The cells were motile by a single polar flagellum. Growth of strain G1T occurred at 10-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.5) and with 5-1530 mM NaCl (optimum, 510 mM), while the temperature, pH and NaCl concentration ranges for G2T were 4-45 °C (optimum, 28 °C), pH 5.5-8.0 (optimum, pH 6.5) and 85-1530 mM NaCl (optimum, 340 mM). The two isolates were obligate chemolithoautotrophs capable of using thiosulfate, sulfide, elemental sulphur or tetrathionate as an energy source. Strain G1T used molecular oxygen or nitrite as an electron acceptor, while strain G2T used molecular oxygen as the sole electron acceptor. The dominant fatty acids of G1T and G2T were summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c). The DNA G+C content of G1T and G2T were 45.1 and 48.3 mol%, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain G1T and G2T were members of the genus Thiomicrorhabdus, and most closely related to Thiomicrorhabdus hydrogeniphila MAS2T (96.0 %) and Thiomicrorhabdus indica 13-15AT (95.4 %), respectively. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strains G1T and G2T was 95.8 %. Based on the phylogenetic, genomic and phenotypic data presented here, the isolate strains represent novel species of the genus Thiomicrorhabdus, for which the names Thiomicrorhabdus sediminis sp. nov. (type strain G1T=MCCC 1A14511T=KCTC 15841T) and Thiomicrorhabdus xiamenensis sp. nov. (type strain G2T=MCCC 1A14512T=KCTC 15842T) are proposed.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33263512

RESUMO

A novel mesophilic, hydrogen- and sulfur-oxidizing bacterium, designated strain NW8NT, was collected from a sulfide chimney at the deep-sea hydrothermal vent on the Carlsberg Ridge of the Northwest Indian Ocean. The cells were Gram-stain-negative, motile, short rods with a single polar flagellum. The temperature, pH and salinity ranges for growth of strain NW8NT were 4-40 °C (optimum, 33 °C), pH 4.5-7.5 (optimum, pH 5.5) and 340-680 mM NaCl (optimum, 510 mM). The isolate was an obligate chemolithoautotroph capable of growth using hydrogen, thiosulfate, sulfide or elemental sulphur as the sole energy source, carbon dioxide as the sole carbon source and molecular oxygen as the sole electron acceptor. The major cellular fatty acids of strain NW8NT were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c), C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c). The total size of its genome was 2 093 492 bp and the genomic DNA G+C content was 36.9 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and core genes showed that the novel isolate belonged to the genus Sulfurimonas and was most closely related to Sulfurimonas paralvinellae GO25T (97.4 % sequence identity). The average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNAhybridization values between strain NW8NT and S. paralvinellae GO25T was 77.8 and 21.1 %, respectively. Based on the phylogenetic, genomic and phenotypic data presented here, strain NW8NT represents a novel species of the genus Sulfurimonas, for which the name Sulfurimonas indica sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain NW8NT (=MCCC 1A13988T=KTCC 15780T).

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300861

RESUMO

Two marine bacterial strains, designated S2-4-21T and MT2-5-19, were isolated from two tidal flat sediments of cordgrass Spartina alterniflora and adjacent oyster culture field in Quanzhou bay, China, respectively. Both strains were Gram-staining-negative, rod-shaped, non-flagellated, non-motile, aerobic, had NaCl requirements, and contained carotenoid and flexirubin pigments. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (99.8%), average nucleotide identity value (99.4%) and average amino acid identity (99.3%) between strain S2-4-21T and strain MT2-5-19 strongly supported that they belonged to a single species. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain S2-4-21T and strain MT2-5-19 formed a monophyletic branch affiliated to the family Flavobacteriaceae, sharing similarities of 94.6% with Euzebyella marina CY01T and E. saccharophila 7SM30T, and of 94.1 and 92.8% with E. algicola MEBiC 12267T and Pseudozobellia thermophile DSM 19858T, respectively. Phylogenomic analysis based on the whole genome sequences supported that the two strains formed a distinct monophyletic clade within Flavobacteriaceae members, which was phylogenetically different from the clades of Euzebyella and Pseudozobellia. The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone MK-6. The major fatty acids (>10%) consisted of C15 : 0 iso, C16 : 0, summed feature 9 (C17 : 1 iso ω9c/C16 : 0 10-methyl) and C17 : 0 iso 3-OH. The polar lipid profiles of strain S2-4-21T and strain MT2-5-19 are identical, including phosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified aminolipids, and four unidentified lipids. The genomic size was 4.9-5.0 Mb with genomic DNA G+C content of 41.5 mol%. Based on the above characteristics, strains S2-4-21T and MT2-5-19 represented a novel species of a novel genus in the family Flavobacteriaceae. Thus, Pareuzebyella sediminis gen. nov. sp. nov. is proposed with type strain S2-4-21T (=MCCC 1K03818T=KCTC 72152T), and another strain MT2-5-19 (=KCTC 72539=MCCC 1K03874).

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33253084

RESUMO

A taxonomic study was carried out on strain C16B3T, which was isolated from deep seawater of the Pacific Ocean. The bacterium was Gram-stain-negative, oxidase- and catalase- positive and rod-shaped. Growth was observed at salinities of 0-8.0 % and at temperatures of 10-45 °C. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain C16B3T belonged to the genus Solimonas, with the highest sequence similarity to Solimonas terrae KIS83-12T (97.2 %), followed by Solimonas variicoloris MN28T (97.0 %) and the other four species of the genus Solimonas (94.5 -96.8 %). The average nucleotide identity and estimated DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain C16B3T and the type strains of the genus Solimonas were 74.05-79.48 % and 19.5-22.5 %, respectively. The principal fatty acids (>5 %) were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c; 20.9 %), iso-C16 : 0 (14.6 %), C16 : 1 ω5c (9.4 %), iso-C12 : 0 (8.4 %), summed feature 2 (C14 : 0 3-OH/iso I-C16 : 1 and C12 : 0 aldehyde; 6.8 %) and C16 : 0 (5.5 %). The G+C content of the chromosomal DNA was 65.37 mol%. The respiratory quinone was determined to be Q-8 (100 %). The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, four unidentified aminolipids, six unidentified phospholipids and one unidentified polar lipid. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain C16B3T represents a novel species within the genus Solimonas, for which the name Solimonas marina sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain C16B3T (=MCCC 1A04678T=KCTC 52314T).

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054905

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, oxidase-positive and catalase-positive bacterium of the genus Pseudooceanicola, designated strain E2-1T, was isolated from surface water of Jiulong River Estuary, PR China. Cells of strain E2-1T grew in medium containing 0.5-12 % NaCl (w/v; optimum, 2-4 %), at 15-45 °C (optimum, 28-33 °C) and at pH 7.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0). Comparative analyses of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain E2-1T had the highest similarity to Pseudooceanicola nitratireducens JLT1210T (97.3 %) and Pseudooceanicola batsensis HTCC2597T (97.1 %), and had less than 97.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to other type strains within the genus Pseudooceanicola. The DNA G+C content of strain E2-1T was 65.7 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness values between E2-1T and related type strains were 75.0 and 20.1 % with P. nitratireducens JLT1210T and 75.6 and 20.4 % with P. batsensis HTCC2597T, respectively. The sole isoprenoid quinone was Q-10; the predominant polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids and six unidentified lipids; the major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0 (17.5 %), C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c (22.7 %) and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c; 10.1 %). According to the phylogenetic and genotypic results, strain E2-1T represents a novel species in the genus Pseudooceanicola, for which the name Pseudooceanicola aestuarii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is E2-1T (=MCCC 1K03742T=KCTC 72107T).

9.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 2056, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32983041

RESUMO

The red pigment prodiginines are identified as bacterial secondary metabolites and display a wide range of bioactive properties. Here, a novel rose-red pigmented bacterium, designated strain S2-4-1HT, was isolated from coastal sediment of cordgrass Spartina alterniflora. Interestingly, it simultaneously produced heptylprodigiosin (C22H29N3O) and cycloheptylprodigiosin (C22H27N3O) as major red pigments, of which their chemical structures were established by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Bioactive assays revealed that both heptylprodigiosin and cycloheptylprodigiosin had antibacterial and antifungal activities, and notably, cycloheptylprodigiosin showed stronger bioactivity than heptylprodigiosin. The complete genome of strain S2-4-1HT was determined to be 6,687,090 bp in length with a G + C content of 40.13 mol%, including a circular chromosome with a size of 6,361,125 bp and three plasmids with a size of 141,078, 102,423, and 82,464 bp, respectively. The biosynthetic gene cluster of two red pigments was predicted on a ∼41-kb gene fragment organized on the chromosome and displayed highly conserved features compared to several gammaproteobacterial species encoding the homologous genes. Finally, based on phenotypic, genotypic, and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain S2-4-1HT represented a novel genus-level species named Spartinivicinus ruber gen. nov., sp. nov. (type strain S2-4-1HT = MCCC 1K03745T = KCTC 72148T). Our study provided a novel bacterial source and novel prodigiosin analogs as promising pharmaceuticals in biotechnological application.

10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5488-5496, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886593

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal sulfide in the northwest Indian Ocean Ridge and designated as strain IOP_32T. Strain IOP_32T could grow at 4-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 5-9 (optimum, pH 7-8) and salinity of 0-12 % NaCl (w/v; optimum, 2-3 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain IOP_32T is most similar to Bizionia fulviae EM7T, Bizionia berychis RA3-3-1T, Bizionia paragorgiae KMM 6029T and Oceanihabitans sediminis S9_10T with 95.5-95.3 % similarity. The phylogenomic analysis indicated that strain IOP_32T forms a distinct lineage with Flaviramulus ichthyoenteri Th78T within the family Flavobacteriaceae. The average nucleotide identity, average amino acid identity and percentage of conserved protein values between strain IOP_32T and the type strains of close genera were 72.3-78.5 %, 67.4-76.9 % and 56.3-61.6 %, respectively. The major cellular fatty acid was anteiso-C15 : 0. The respiratory quinone was MK-6. The polar lipids were mainly composed of phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminophospholipid and five unidentified polar lipids. Strain IOP_32T is significantly different from related genera, which is reflected by the wide adaptability to temperature and salinity levels, the composition of phospholipids and fatty acids, and the results of phylogenetic analyses. The phenotypic properties and phylogenetic data suggest that the lineage represents a novel genus and species within the family Flavobacteriaceae, for which the name Wocania indica gen. sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain IOP_32T (=MCCC 1A14017 T=KCTC 62660 T). We also propose the reclassification of Flaviramulus ichthyoenteri as Wocania ichthyoenteri comb. nov. (Th78T=DSM 26285T=JCM 18634T=KCTC 32142T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Fontes Hidrotermais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Oceano Índico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 4960-4965, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762800

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, motile, aerobic and heterotrophic bacterium, designated as GYS_M3HT, was isolated from marine coastal sediment sampled at Xiamen Island. Cells were rod-shaped with one polar flagellum and weakly positive for oxidase and catalase. Growth of the strain occurred at pH 6-9 (optimum, pH 7-8), at 15-37 °C (optimum, 28 °C) and with NaCl concentrations of 1.0-6.0 % (optimum, 2.0 %). It had highest 16S rRNA similarity (97.7 %) to Ketobacter alkanivorans GI5T, followed by the members of the genus Alcanivorax (lower than 91.2 %). The results of phylogenetic analysis indicated that it belonged to the genus Ketobacter within the family Alcanivoracaceae. In addition, the average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain GYS_M3HT and K. alkanivorans GI5T were 71.4 and 19.7 %, respectively, indicating that strain GYS_M3HT belonged to a novel species. Its genome consisted of 5 318 758 bp, with a genomic DNA G+C content of 50.0 mol%. The respiratory quinone was Q-8 and the dominant fatty acids were identified as iso-C15 : 0 (25.4 %), C16 : 1 ω6c/C16 : 1 ω7c (14.4 %) and iso-C13 : 0 (7.2 %). The main polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. Therefore, based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic results, strain GYS_M3HT represents a novel species within the genus Ketobacter, for which the name Ketobacter nezhaii sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain GYS_M3HT (=MCCC 1A13808T=KCTC 72247T).


Assuntos
Alcanivoraceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Alcanivoraceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ilhas , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4280-4284, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618558

RESUMO

A taxonomic study was carried out on strain PA15-N-34T, which was isolated from deep-sea sediment of Pacific Ocean. The bacterium was Gram-stain-positive, oxidase- and catalase-positive and rod-shaped. Growth was observed at salinity of 0-15.0% NaCl and at temperatures of 10-45 °C. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain PA15-N-34T belonged to the genus Alcanivorax, with the highest sequence similarity to Alcanivorax profundi MTEO17T (97.7 %), followed by Alcanivorax nanhaiticus 19 m-6T (97.3 %) and 12 other species of the genus Alcanivorax (93.4 %-97.0 %). The average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain PA15-N-34T and type strains of the genus Alcanivorax were 71.46-81.78% and 18.7-25.2 %, respectively. The principal fatty acids (>10 %) were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c; 31.2 %), C16 : 0 (25.0 %) and summed feature 3 (14.6 %). The DNA G+C content was 57.15 mol%. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, four unidentified aminolipids and three unidentified lipids. The novel strain can be differentiated from its closest type strain by a negative test for urease and the presence of diphosphatidylglycerol and aminolipid. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain PA15-N-34T represents a novel species within the genus Alcanivorax, for which the name Alcanivorax sediminis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain PA15-N-34T (=MCCC 1A14738T=KCTC 72163T).


Assuntos
Alcanivoraceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alcanivoraceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Salinidade , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Temperatura
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4816-4821, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706333

RESUMO

A marine bacterial strain, designated GM2-18T, was isolated from mangrove sediment sampled at Luoyang River estuary, Quanzhou, PR China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, slightly curved long rod-shaped and facultatively anaerobic with no flagellum. Catalase activity was found to be weak-positive and oxidase-positive. It had no ability to degrade or hydrolyse substrates including skimmed milk, cellulose, starch and Tweens (40, 60 and 80). The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain GM2-18T had maximum similarity values to 'Draconibacterium filum' F2T, Draconibacterium sediminis JN14CK-3T and Draconibacterium orientale FH5T of 98.0, 97.8 and 97.4 %, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain GM2-18T was affiliated to the genus Draconibacterium and formed a clade with an uncultured bacterium clone identified from mangrove environment. Average nucleotide identity values and DNA-DNA hybridization estimates of strain GM2-18T compared to its Draconibacterium relatives strongly supported that it belonged to a new species. The respiratory quinone was menaquinone MK-7. The major fatty acids (>10 %) consisted of iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and C17 : 1 ω6c. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, a phospholipid and several unidentified lipids. The genomic size of strain GM2-18T was 5.9 Mb and the G+C content was 40.8 mol%. Gene prediction and annotation of strain GM2-18T indicated that there was a nitrogen-fixing gene cluster encoding nitrogenase molybdenum-iron protein and related proteins responsible for nitrogen fixation. Based on the above characteristics, strain GM2-18T represents a novel species within the genus Draconibacterium. Thus, Draconibacterium mangrovi sp. nov. is proposed with type strain GM2-18T (=MCCC 1K04382T=KCTC 72879T), isolated from mangrove sediment.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 43(4): 126099, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32690193

RESUMO

Two marine bacterial strains designated Y2-1-60T and GM1-28 were isolated from sediments of cordgrass and mangrove along the Luoyang estuary in Quanzhou Bay, China, respectively. Both strains were Gram-staining-negative, straight rod-shaped, non-flagellum, facultatively anaerobic, nitrogen-fixing, and did not contain carotenoid pigment. Catalase activities were found to be weak positive and oxidase activities negative. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the two strains were identical and had maximum similarity of 98.0% with Maribellus luteus XSD2T, and of <94.5% with other species. ANI value (96.9%) and DDH estimate (71.5%) between the two strains supported that they belonged to the same species. ANI value and DDH estimate between the two strains and M. luteus XSD2T was 74.3% and 19.4%, respectively, indicating that they represent a novel species. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene and phylogenomic analysis indicated that strains Y2-1-60T and GM1-28 formed a monophyletic branch within the genus Maribellus. The respiratory quinone was menaquinone MK-7. The major fatty acid (>10%) consisted of iso-C15:0, and iso-C17:0 3-OH. The polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine and several unidentified lipids. The genomic G+C contents were 41.9-42.0mol%. Gene annotation revealed that strains Y2-1-60T and GM1-28 contained a set of nif gene cluster (nifHDKENB) responsible for nitrogen fixation. Based on the above characteristics, strains Y2-1-60T and GM1-28 represent a novel species within the genus Maribellus. Thus, Maribellus sediminis sp. nov. is proposed with type strain Y2-1-60T (=MCCC 1K04285T=KCTC 72884T), isolated from cordgrass sediment and strain GM1-28 (=MCCC 1K04384=KCTC 72880), isolated from mangrove sediment.

15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4502-4507, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32598276

RESUMO

An alkali lignin-degrading, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile and facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated BM_7T, was isolated from mangrove sediment of the supralittoral zone in the Jiulong river estuary, PR China. The cells of strain BM_7T were 0.4-0.6 µm wide and 1.0-8.5 µm long. Oxidase and catalase activities were positive. Strain BM_7T could grow at 10-37 °C (optimum, 25-28 °C), at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0.5-6 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2%). Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain BM_7T belonged to the genus Mangrovibacterium of the family Prolixibacteraceae. It showed the highest similarity to Mangrovibacterium diazotrophicum JCM 19152T (96.8 %), followed by Mangrovibacterium marinum KCTC 42253T (96.1%). The values of average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA hybridization were calculated as 76.9, 24.3 and 76.1, 17.4 % between strain BM_7T with M. diazotrophicum JCM 19152T and M. marinum KCTC 42253T, respectively. The major respiratory quinone of strain BM_7T was MK-7. The polar lipids were detected as phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified phospholipids and four unidentified aminolipids. The dominant fatty acids consisted of iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, C15 : 1 ω6c, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, C17 : 1 ω6c, C17 : 0 3-OH and C17 : 0. The genome size of strain BM_7T is 5.6 Mb, with G+C content of 43.4 mol%. Based on the phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, strain BM_7T was considered to represent a novel species of the genus Mangrovibacterium, and the name Mangrovibacterium lignilyticum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is BM_7T (=MCCC 1A15882T=KCTC 72696T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lignina/metabolismo , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4186-4192, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538740

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, facultative anaerobic, red-pigmented, rod-shaped and non-motile strain (RC1_OXG_1FT) was isolated from deep sea water of the Indian Ocean. It was able to grow at pH 5-8 (optimum, pH 7), at 5-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), and at salinity (% NaCl, w/v) of 0.5-5 % (optimum, 1-2 %). Catalase- and oxidase-positive. It had highest 16S rRNA gene similarity (96.7 %) to 'Sunxiuqinia dokdonensis' DH1T, followed by Sunxiuqinia faeciviva JAM-BA0302T (96.6 %), Sunxiuqinia elliptica CGMCC 1.9156T (96.2 %), Sunxiuqinia rutila HG677T (96.0 %) and species (less than 92.3 %) of other genera. It belongs to the genus Sunxiuqinia within the phylum Bacteroidetes, based on the phylogenetic analysis. The results of digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity analyses indicated that the strain belonged to a novel species. Its genome size is 5,250, 885 bp, with DNA G+C content of 40.5 mol%. Genome analysis revealed that the strain possessed many genes involved in polysaccharide degradation, especially hemicellulose degradation, indicating that the strain could maintain its normal metabolism by using recalcitrant organic matter in the oligotrophic deep sea environment. Its principal fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0 and the major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified glycolipids, three unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified polar lipids. The isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic data, the strain represents a novel species within the genus Sunxiuqinia, for which the name Sunxiuqinia indica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RC1_OXG_1FT (=MCCC 1A13858T=KCTC 62805T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Oceano Índico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4285-4290, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579093

RESUMO

Strain 12-3T was isolated from seawater of the Guanyinshan Coast, Xiamen, Fujian Province, PR China. The bacterium was Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, oxidase-positive and catalase-negative. Growth of strain 12-3T occurred at 10-37 °C (optimum, 20-30 °C), at pH 5.0-11.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0) and at a salinity range of 0-10 % (optimum, 3-5 %). The results of phylogenetic analysis based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain 12-3T belonged to the genus Paracoccus and had the highest sequence similarity to Paracoccus lutimaris HDM-25T (97.4 %), followed by Paracoccus isoporae SW-3T (96.9 %), Paracoccus caeni MJ17T (96.9 %), Paracoccus pacificus F14T (96.8 %) and other species in the genus Paracoccus (95.3-96.5 %). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) values between strain 12-3T and P. lutimaris HDM-25T were 76.1 and 17.0 %, respectively. ANI and DDH values between strain 12-3T and P. isoporae SW-3T were 78.9 and 18.2 %, respectively. The principal fatty acid of strain 12-3T was summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω6c/ω7c) and C18 : 0. The respiratory quinone of strain 12-3T was Q10. The polar lipids included phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified glycolipid. The G+C content of the chromosomal DNA was 63.9 mol%. The combination of the results of the phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses, and its low ANI and DDH values indicate that strain 12-3T represents a novel species of the genus Paracoccus, for which the name Paracoccus xiamenensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 12-3T (=MCCC 1A16381T=KCTC 72687T).


Assuntos
Paracoccus/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Paracoccus/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4372-4377, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579095

RESUMO

A Gram-strain-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterium, designated 216_PA32_1T, was isolated from deep-sea sediment of the Pacific Ocean. Cells of strain 216_PA32_1T were non-motile, oxidase-positive and catalase-negative. The strain could grow at temperatures of 10-45 °C (optimum, 32-35 °C), at pH 5.0-10.0 (optimum, 6.0-7.0) and at salinities of 0-10% (optimum, 2-8%). The principal fatty acid (>10 %) was summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω6c/ω7c). The sole respiratory quinone was Q10 (100 %). The polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, two unidentified phospholipids and five unidentified aminolipids. The G+C content of the chromosomal DNA was 66.3 mol%. According to the 16S rRNA gene similarity, strain 216_PA32_1T showed the highest sequence similarity to Pseudooceanicola nitratireducens JLT 1210T (97.3 %), followed by Pseudooceanicola nanhaiensis SS011B1-20T (97.1 %). Phylogenetic trees indicated that strain 216_PA32_1T clustered with strain P. nanhaiensis SS011B1-20T. The average nucleotide identity and the DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 216_PA32_1T and all species of the genus Pseudooceanicola were below 79.5 and 20.6%, respectively. A combination of the phylogenetic, phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic evidence demonstrated that strain 216_PA32_1T represents a novel species of the genus Pseudooceanicola, for which the name Pseudooceanicola pacificus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 216_PA32_1T (=MCCC 1A14128T=KCTC 72688T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3483-3490, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369004

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative, short rod-shaped and non-flagellated strains, designated 17-4AT and L52-1-41, were isolated from the surface seawater of the Indian Ocean and South China Sea, respectively. The 16S rRNA genes of the two strains shared sequence similarity of 99.45 %. Strain 17-4AT shared the highest 16S rRNA gene similarity of 98.02 % with Pusillimonas caeni EBR-8-1T, followed by Pusillimonas noertemannii BN9T (97.47 %), Pusillimonas soli MJ07T (96.93 %), Parapusillimonas granuli Ch07T (96.68 %), Pusillimonas ginsengisoli DCY25T (96.65 %), Eoetvoesia caeni PB3-7BT (96.63 %), Paracandidimonas caeni 24T (96.34 %), Castellaniella defragrans 54PinT (96.28 %) and Pusillimonas harenae B201T (96.05 %). L52-1-41 shared the highest 16S rRNA gene similarity of 97.74 % with Pusillimonas caeni EBR-8-1T, followed by Pusillimonas noertemannii BN9T (97.47 %), Pusillimonas soli MJ07T (96.65 %), Parapusillimonas granuli Ch07T (96.41 %), Pusillimonas ginsengisoli DCY25T (96.37 %), Eoetvoesia caeni PB3-7BT (96.35 %), Pusillimonas harenae B201T (96.28 %), and Paracandidimonas caeni 24T (96.06 %). The results of phylogenetic analyses indicated that 17-4AT and L52-1-41 formed a stable, distinct and highly supported lineage affiliated to the genus Pusillimonas. The results of the digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) analyses indicated that they represented a single species. They featured similar genomic DNA G+C contents of 53.2-53.4 mol%. Activities of catalase and oxidase were negative for both strains. The fatty acids patterns of 17-4AT and L52-1-41 were most similar, mostly comprised of C16 : 0, C17 : 0cyclo, C18 : 0, C18 : 1ω9c and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c). The major polar lipids of the two strains were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and unidentified aminolipids. The respiratory quinone of the two strains was Q-8. Hence, on the basis of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic data presented in this study, we proposed the classification of both strains as representatives of a novel species named Pusillimonas maritima sp. nov., with the type strain 17-4AT (=MCCC 1A12670T=KCTC 62121T=NBRC 113794T), and another strain L52-1-41 (=MCCC 1A05046=KCTC 52313).


Assuntos
Alcaligenaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/química , Alcaligenaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3824-3831, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469705

RESUMO

A novel marine bacterium, designated strain 216LB-ZA1-12T, was isolated from a Penaeus vannamei aquaculture seawater sample. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain 216LB-ZA1-12T belonged to the genus Sneathiella, with the highest sequence similarity to Sneathiella glossodoripedis MKT133T (97.7 %), followed by Sneathiella limimaris GH1-24T (97.0 %), Sneathiella chungangensis CAU 1294T (96.6 %) and Sneathiella chinensis LMG 23452T (96.1 %). The average nucleotide identity and the DNA-DNA hybridization estimate values between strain 216LB-ZA1-12T and four close type strains were between 69.2-71.3% and 16.7-17.8 %, respectively. The bacterium was Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic, oxidase and catalase positive, oval- to rod-shaped, and motile. Growth was observed at pH 7-9, salinities of 1-15% and temperatures of 4-42 °C. The G+C content of the chromosomal DNA was 48.50 mol%. The major respiratory quinone was determined to be Q-10. The principal fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/ω6c) and C16 : 0. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and aminophospholipid. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain 216LB-ZA1-12T represents a novel species within the genus Sneathiella, for which the name Sneathiella aquimaris sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain 216LB-ZA1-12T (=MCCC 1A14570T=KCTC 72144T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Aquicultura , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Penaeidae , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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