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Sci Total Environ ; 804: 149965, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508937

RESUMO

Ammonium removal in wastewater treatment plants demands large quantities energy input, such as aeration for wastewater and the addition of organics for nitrate reduction. Anaerobic ammonium oxidation coupled to Fe(III) reduction, called Feammox process play a crucial role in natural nitrogen cycle, which has been rarely investigated in the field of wastewater treatment. Besides, Iron-reducing bacteria (FeRB) as function bacteria of Feammox could transfer electrons to iron oxide by oxidizing organics. The possibility of anaerobic ammonium removal coupled with organics should be investigated to assess the potential of Feammox process for conventional wastewater treatment. In this study, five Fe(III) compounds, Fe2O3, Fe3O4, Fe(OH)3, Citrate-Fe and pyrite were supplemented to investigate the effect of iron oxides on ammonium removal in serum bottles with working volume of 100 mL. It was found that ammonium removal efficiency of the Fe2O3 group was the highest. To simulate wastewater treatment process in sewage treatment plant, three Up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactors with volume of 250 mL adding Fe2O3 were applied with influent of ammonium and carbon sources. It was found that the organics significantly inhibited the ammonium removal by Feammox process. This was attributed to that carbon sources and ammonium could be used as electron donors for Fe(III) reduction. In addition, this nitrogen removal was also likely related with the iron cycle, i.e., Fe(III) reduction with ammonium oxidation and Fe(II) oxidation with nitrate/nitrite reduction. This study provides a promising alternative technology for anaerobic ammonium removal in wastewater treatment. Optimizing nitrogen removal and carbon sources applied in conventional wastewater plants are required in future.

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