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1.
BMC Med Genet ; 20(1): 135, 2019 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease, caused by the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency in the metabolic pathway, which prevents phenylalanine from being converted into tyrosine, leading to a large amount of phenylalanine discharged from the urine. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a simple, fast, accurate and reliable PKU molecular diagnostic method for clinical diagnosis. METHODS: We established a novel diagnostic method by combining a single-tube multiplex PCR technique with molecular hybridization technique. The method was verified by DNA sequencing technology. The established new technology successfully detected 9 common PAH gene mutations in the Chinese population. RESULTS: Double-blind analysis indicated that the diagnostic accuracy and specificity of the PKU sample were all 100%. Frequencies of single mutation R111X, R176X, Ex6-96A, R241C, R243Q, R252Q, Y356X, V399 V and R413P genotypes were 8, 0.5, 16.5, 1.5, 27, 4.5, 13, 10.5, 8.5% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The established method of combing single-tube multiplex PCR with molecular hybridization technology can accurately and rapidly detect PAH gene mutations in Chinese and is suitable for screening of large PKU populations with clinical samples.

2.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 276(5): 1397-1403, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30788581

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Budesonide improves the prognosis of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). However, few reports have examined whether its use for nasal irrigation, compared to normal saline, improves the prognosis of patients after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). We compared the effects of nasal irrigation with budesonide and normal saline in CRS patients after ESS. METHODS: Sixty CRS patients who had undergone ESS were randomly divided into an experimental group (30 patients), which used budesonide nasal irrigation, and a control group (30 patients), which used normal saline nasal irrigation. All patients received regular follow-up evaluations and were assessed via questionnaires, including the Lund-Kennedy endoscopic score (LKES), the symptom visual analog scale (VAS), the 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22), the Short-Form 36-Item Questionnaire (SF-36), the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and a side effects scale. RESULTS: Scores of polyposis, mucosal edema, secretions and total score of LKES; VAS scores of nasal blockage, hyposmia and rhinorrhea; and SNOT-22 results in both groups were significantly improved 3 months after ESS. Scores of polyposis, mucosal edema, secretions and scarring and total score of LKES in experimental group were significantly better than in control group 3 months after ESS. No significant differences were observed in SF-36, SAS or SDS before or 3 months after ESS within or between the two groups. The side effects of the two groups were not significantly different. CONCLUSIONS: Nasal irrigation improved the prognosis of CRS patients after ESS. Budesonide nasal irrigation had a better effect than normal saline nasal irrigation.


Assuntos
Budesonida/administração & dosagem , Endoscopia , Lavagem Nasal/métodos , Obstrução Nasal , Seios Paranasais , Rinite , Sinusite , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Doença Crônica , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Endoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obstrução Nasal/diagnóstico , Obstrução Nasal/etiologia , Obstrução Nasal/prevenção & controle , Seios Paranasais/diagnóstico por imagem , Seios Paranasais/efeitos dos fármacos , Seios Paranasais/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Prognóstico , Rinite/diagnóstico , Rinite/cirurgia , Sinusite/diagnóstico , Sinusite/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1181, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386242

RESUMO

Curcumin (CUR), a promising naturally occurring dietary compound, is commonly recognized as the potential anti-inflammatory agent. While the application of CUR was hampered by its low stability and poor systemic bioavailability, it has been suggested that the biological activities of CUR are intimately related to its metabolites. In the current investigation, we aimed to comparatively explore the anti-inflammatory effects of tetrahydrocurcumin (THC), octahydrocurcumin (OHC), and CUR, and to elucidate the underlying action mechanisms on experimental mice models of acute inflammation, i.e., xylene-induced ear edema, acetic acid-induced vascular permeability, and carrageenan-induced paw edema. The results showed that THC and OHC exerted significant and dose-dependent inhibitions on the formation of ear edema induced by xylene and paw edema provoked by carrageenan and inhibited the Evans blue dye leakage in peritoneal cavity elicited by acetic acid. Moreover, THC and OHC treatments were more effective than CUR in selectively inhibiting the expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and suppressing nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathways via transforming growth factor ß activated kinase-1 (TAK1) inactivation in the carrageenan-induced mouse paw edema model.

4.
Phytomedicine ; 50: 196-204, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sinapis Semen is derived from the dried mature seeds of Sinapis alba L. or Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. et Coss. Traditionally, the seeds from S. alba are called "White Sinapis Semen" while those from B. juncea are called "Yellow Sinapis Semen". PURPOSE: The present study aimed to compare the chemical composition and the anti-inflammatory effects of 50% aqueous ethanol extracts of the White Sinapis Semen (EWSS) and Yellow Sinapis Semen (EYSS) using both acute (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-acetate (TPA)- and arachidonic acid (AA)-induced mouse ear edema) and chronic (multiple applications of croton oil (CO)) inflammatory models. METHODS: The anti-inflammatory effects of EWSS and EYSS were determined by measuring the ear thickness and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. The anti-inflammatory mechanism was explored by measuring the protein and mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-6 in the ear of the TPA-treated mice. RESULTS: The results showed that both EWSS and EYSS significantly decreased the ear thickness in both the TPA- and AA-induced acute models, as well as in the CO-induced chronic model. In addition, EWSS and EYSS could markedly inhibit the MPO activity in the ears of TPA-, AA- or CO-treated mice. Moreover, EWSS and EYSS also remarkably inhibited the protein and mRNA levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in the ears of TPA-treated mice. Comparatively, EWSS exerted more potent anti-inflammatory effect than that of EYSS. CONCLUSION: Our results revealed that both EWSS and EYSS are effective anti-inflammatory agents against acute and chronic inflammatory processes, and EWSS possess more potent anti-inflammatory effect than EYSS. The anti-inflammatory effect of the two herbs may be mediated, at least in part, by suppressing the mRNA expression of a panel of inflammatory mediators including TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß.

5.
Food Funct ; 9(11): 5891-5902, 2018 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30375606

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) is commonly used to relieve pain and fever in a clinical setting, but its excessive use can lead to serious hepatotoxicity. Our previous study demonstrated that polydatin (PD) can effectively attenuate d-galactose- and alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity, however, its effect on APAP-induced hepatotoxicity is still unknown. In this study, we explore the protective effect and potential mechanism of PD against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. The results indicate that PD effectively improves the survival of mice with APAP-induced hepatotoxicity, significantly alleviating histopathologic alterations in the liver, and decreasing the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). PD significantly and dose-dependently reduces oxidative stress by lowering the content of oxidized glutathione (GSSG), reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO) and malonaldehyde (MDA), while enhancing the hepatic activities of glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and the GSH/GSSG ratio. Meanwhile, PD also substantially inhibits the levels and mRNA expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2). Additionally, PD markedly arrests apoptosis by assuaging TUNEL-positive hepatocytes and the apoptotic index, decreasing the levels and expression of cytochrome c (CytC), cleaved-caspase-9, apoptotic protease activating factor 1 (Apaf-1), cleaved-caspase-3, and Bax and increasing the level and expression of Bcl-2. Overall, PD pretreatment shows a potent protective effect against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity by relieving oxidative stress and inhibiting apoptosis.

6.
Fitoterapia ; 130: 241-246, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30196076

RESUMO

Three new cholestane-type sterols bearing an unusual ∆22-24-oxo side chain, namely, dictyoptesterols A-C (1-3), were isolated from the brown alga Dictyopteris undulata Holmes, together with five known strutural analogues (4-8). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of by extensive spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configurations of the steroidal nuclei of the new compounds were proposed by a comparison of NMR data with those of related known compounds as well as biogenetic considerations. All of the isolates were evaluated in vitro for their potential to inhibit protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B (PTP1B) activity. The results showed that compounds 1-5 exhibited different levels of PTP1B inhibitory activities with IC50 values ranging from 3.03 ±â€¯0.76 to 15.01 ±â€¯2.88 µM. In particular, compounds 3 and 4 showed promising inhibitory effects towards PTP1B with IC50 values of 3.03 ±â€¯0.76 and 3.72 ±â€¯0.40 µM, respectively, when compared to the positive control oleanolic acid (IC50, 2.83 ±â€¯0.39 µM). The chemotaxonomic significance of these isolated ∆22-24-oxo cholestanes has also been discussed.


Assuntos
Colestanos/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores Enzimáticos/isolamento & purificação , Feófitas/química , Fitosteróis/isolamento & purificação , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 1/antagonistas & inibidores , China , Colestanos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Fitosteróis/farmacologia
7.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 615, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29962947

RESUMO

Bleomycin (BLM) is a broad spectrum anti-tumor drug and inducing pulmonary fibrosis. As an anti-tumor drug without immunosuppression, it is urgent to find a drug that reduces the side effects of BLM. Scutellarin (SCU), a flavone extracted from Erigeron breviscapus (Vant.) Hand-Mazz, has anti-inflammatory activity and ability to inhibit tumor cell growth, migration, and invasion. However, the combined role of SCU and BLM treatment in tumor is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the possible effect and related mechanisms of BLM combined with SCU in the treatment of tumor through in vivo and in vitro experiments. In vivo experiments showed that BLM combined with SCU in the treatment of mice bearing H22 ascites tumor prolonged the survival time, alleviated BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis, reduced the production of TNF-α; IL-6, and the levels of MDA and MPO. BLM combined with SCU increased the apoptotic rate of H22 ascites cells and the levels of cleaved-caspases-3 and -8. Furthermore, BLM combined with SCU increased the protein expression of p53 and gene expression of miR-29b, and decreased the expression of TGF-ß1. In vitro experiment results showed that BLM combined with SCU inhibited the viability of H22 cells and MRC-5 cells, promoted H22 cell apoptosis, up-regulated the protein expression of p53 and down-regulated the protein expression of α-SMA and collagen-I in MRC-5 cells. These experimental results suggested that SCU could enhance the anti-tumor effect of BLM and reduce BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis, indicating SCU as a potential adjuvant for BLM in the future.

8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 62: 15-22, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29966943

RESUMO

Pogostone (PO), a major component of Pogostemon cablin, displays potent protective effects against lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of PO on TNF-α-induced cell injury in human alveolar epithelial cells in vitro and its underlying mechanism. The cell viability was measured using the MTS method. The cell apoptosis was determined using flow cytometry. The activities of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected using a fluorescence microscope. The pro-inflammatory cytokines and antioxidant genes were assessed using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The protein expression of Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor-alpha (IκBα), and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65 was analyzed using the Western blot analysis. PO alleviated cell apoptosis and inhibited ROS production. It alleviated TNF-α-induced cell injury, suppressed the levels of inflammatory cytokines [interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß, and IL-8], and enhanced the expression of antioxidant genes (quinine oxidoreductase 1, glutamate cysteine ligase catalytic subunit, heme oxygenase-1). It increased the expression of Keap1 and promoted the activation of Nrf2. However, the phosphorylation of IκBα and the nuclear expression of NF-κB p65 decreased. The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of PO were abrogated following Nrf2 and NF-κB p65 knockdown. The results indicated a protective effect of PO against TNF-α-induced cell injury in A549 cells by modulating the balance between Nrf2 and NF-κB p65 signaling pathways. They verified PO as a promising anti-inflammatory adjuvant drug for treating ALI.

9.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 101: 953-960, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29635905

RESUMO

This study was designed to investigate the pharmacological effects and mechanisms of polysaccharides from Dendrobium officinal (DOP) on premature ovarian failure (POF) in natural aging mice. Fifteen months old female mice (n  =  28) and young adult female mice (n  =  14, 6 weeks) were used. DOP (70 mg/kg) was administrated to mice by oral gavage for 10 weeks and the protection effects of DOP on ovaries were investigated in vivo. The results showed that DOP reduced body weight, ovary and uterus/body weight parameters to normal level and alleviated ovarian pathological damage. Moreover, DOP could reduce pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6) and MDA levels and improve estradiol, SOD, GSH-Px, T-AOC and IL-10 levels in serum. These results suggested that DOP may alleviate the damage caused by aging through the inhibition of the nuclear factor -κB (NF-κB) and p53/Bcl-2-mediate signaling pathways. Moreover, we found that DOP can increase the numbers of mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum. Moreover, DOP increased the numbers of different stages of follicular cells and improved mitochondrial membrane potential in ovaries. These results indicated that DOP may relieve ovarian damage through the protection of mitochondria in the ovaries. These findings suggest that DOP may be a promising drug for treating POF caused by natural aging in females.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/patologia , Dendrobium/química , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/sangue , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estradiol/sangue , Feminino , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Especificidade de Órgãos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/patologia , Ovário/ultraestrutura , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/sangue , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/patologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
10.
Pharmazie ; 73(3): 123-127, 2018 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29544557

RESUMO

The aminopeptidase N (APN) plays a critical role in angiogenesis and is over-expressed in tumor cells. In this paper, we report the synthesis and enzyme inhibition assay of furoic peptidomimetic compounds. These new compounds exhibit potent inhibitory ability toward APN with IC50 values lying in the micromolar level. The binding mode of inhibitors in APN active site was explained by a molecular simulation study. These data reveal that ligand coordinating with the catalytic Zn-ion is very important for inhibitory activities.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29250126

RESUMO

Excessive alcohol consumption leads to serious liver injury, associating with oxidative stress and inflammatory response. Previous study has demonstrated that polydatin (PD) exerted antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects and attenuated ethanol-induced liver damage, but the research remained insufficient. Hence, this experiment aimed to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect and potential mechanisms of PD on ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity. Our results showed that PD pretreatment dramatically decreased the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the serum, suppressed the malonaldehyde (MDA) and triglyceride (TG) content and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and enhanced the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT), andalcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), paralleled by an improvement of histopathology alterations. The protective effect of PD against oxidative stress was probably associated with downregulation of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) and upregulation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and its target gene haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1). Moreover, PD inhibited the release of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6) via downregulating toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65. To conclude, PD pretreatment protects against ethanol-induced liver injury via suppressing oxidative stress and inflammation.

12.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 50: 270-278, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28711783

RESUMO

ß-Patchoulene (ß-PAE), a tricyclic sesquiterpene isolated from the essential oil of the leaves and stems of Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth., has been reported to have potent anti-inflammatory activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential protective effect of ß-PAE on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice and to illuminate the underlying mechanisms. ALI was induced by intracheal instillation of LPS into lung, and dexamethasone (DEX) was used as a positive control. Results indicated that pretreatment with ß-PAE significantly decreased the mortality rate of mice and lung W/D weight ratio, ameliorated lung pathological changes as compared to model group. Meanwhile, ß-PAE pretreatment markedly inhibited the increase of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß secretions in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and prevented LPS-induced elevations of MPO activity and MDA level in the lung. Additionally, ß-PAE pretreatment significantly elevated miR-146a expression and suppressed the LPS-induced activation of NF-κB and expression of its mediated genes (TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß). ß-PAE was also observed to markedly upregulate the Nrf2 and HO-1 expression and activate the antioxidant genes (NQO-1, GCLC and HO-1). Taken together, ß-PAE possessed protective effect against LPS-induced ALI, which might be associated with its differential regulation of NF-κB and Nrf2 activities and up-regulation of expression of miR-146a. The results rendered ß-PAE a promising anti-inflammatory agent worthy of further development into a pharmaceutical drug for the treatment of ALI.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Pulmão/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Dexametasona/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/patologia , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , MicroRNAs/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Pogostemon/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais
13.
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol ; 88: 283-290, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28697995

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety of flavonoid fraction of Lithocarpus polystachyus Rehd (Sweet Tea-F, ST-F) in mice and rats through acute and sub-chronic toxicity studies respectively. For acute toxicity study, a single dose of 5000 mg/kg of ST-F was given orally to healthy KM mice. The mice were observed mortality and toxic symptoms for 24 h, then once a day up to 14 days. In the sub-chronic toxicity study, ST-F was administered orally at doses of 0, 70, 140, 560 mg/kg/day to rats for 26 weeks. Body weight and food intake were recorded weekly. Hematological, biochemical, coagulation and organ parameters were analyzed at the end of 26 weeks administration. Vital organs were evaluated by histopathology. In the acute toxicity study, ST-F caused neither significant toxic symptoms, nor mortality in mice. In sub-chronic toxicity study, daily oral administration of ST-F at the dose of 70 mg/kg resulted in a significant increase (P < 0.05) in the relative body weight at the 10-week, and the same situation brought at the dose of 140 mg/kg/day at the 22-week. Hematological and biochemical showed significant changes (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05) in WBC, GLU, ALP, AST and serum electrolytes levels at the dose of 560 mg/kg/day. The amount of RBC decreased significantly (P < 0.05) while the content of PLT slightly increased (P < 0.05) at the dose of 140 mg/kg/day. In additional, no obvious histological changes were observed in vital organs of ST-F treated animals compared to control group. The ST-F may be exit slight side effects at the dose of 560 mg/kg/day in rats. Thus, the overall results show that the no-observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of ST-F was considered to be 140 mg/kg for male SD rats.


Assuntos
Fagaceae/química , Flavonoides/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Administração Oral , Animais , Camundongos , Nível de Efeito Adverso não Observado , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda , Testes de Toxicidade Subcrônica
14.
Pharmacol Res ; 121: 70-82, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28456683

RESUMO

Despite the increased morbidity of ulcerative colitis (UC) in recent years, available treatments remain unsatisfactory. Pogostemon cablin has been widely applied to treat a variety of gastrointestinal disorders in clinic for centuries, in which patchouli alcohol (PA, C15H26O) has been identified as the major active component. This study attempted to determine the bioactivity of PA on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced mice colitis and clarify the mechanism of action. Acute colitis was induced in mice by 3% DSS for 7 days. The mice were then given PA (10, 20 and 40mg/kg) or sulfasalazine (SASP, 200mg/kg) as positive control via oral administration for 7 days. At the end of study, animals were sacrificed and samples were collected for pathological and other analysis. In addition, a metabolite profiling and a targeted metabolite analysis, based on the Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) approach, were performed to characterize the metabolic changes in plasma. The results revealed that PA significantly reduced the disease activity index (DAI) and ameliorated the colonic injury of DSS mice. The levels of colonic MPO and cytokines involving TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-10 also declined. Furthermore, PA improved the intestinal epithelial barrier by enhancing the level of colonic expression of the tight junction (TJ) proteins, for instance ZO-1, ZO-2, claudin-1 and occludin, and by elevating the levels of mucin-1 and mucin-2 mRNA. The study also demonstrated that PA inhibited the DSS-induced cell death signaling by modulating the apoptosis related Bax and Bcl-2 proteins and down-regulating the necroptosis related RIP3 and MLKL proteins. By comparison, up-regulation of IDO-1 and TPH-1 protein expression in DSS group was suppressed by PA, which was in line with the declined levels of kynurenine (Kyn) and 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) in plasma. The therapeutic effect of PA was evidently reduced when Kyn was given to mice. In summary, the study successfully demonstrated that PA ameliorated DSS-induced mice acute colitis by suppressing inflammation, maintaining the integrity of intestinal epithelial barrier, inhibiting cell death signaling, and suppressing tryptophan catabolism. The results provided valuable information and guidance for using PA in treatment of UC.


Assuntos
Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfato de Dextrana , Sesquiterpenos/uso terapêutico , Triptofano/metabolismo , Animais , Colite/metabolismo , Colite/patologia , Colo/metabolismo , Colo/patologia , Citocinas/análise , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pogostemon/química , Sesquiterpenos/química
15.
Antiviral Res ; 144: 34-43, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28461072

RESUMO

Rosmarinic acid-4-O-ß-D-glucoside (RAG) is a dicaffeoyl phenolic compound isolated from Sarcandra glabra (Thunb.) Nakai. Preliminary studies show that RAG has significant anti-inflammatory properties and can alleviate ear swelling in mice and the paw swelling in rats. Here, the anti-influenza effects of RAG were investigated in mice infected with A/FM/1/47 H1N1 virus. The survival rate and body weight were observed, the lung edema, virus copies, inflammatory cytokines (including IL-4, IL-5, TNF-α and IFN-γ) and oxidative damage indexes (including SOD, MDA, NO, and CAT) were measured. Moreover, immune cell recruitment in alveoli was measured with white blood cells and differential counts. Therapeutic RAG concentrations substantially improve the symptoms, mitigate body weight loss and alleviate lung edema induced by virus, thus improve survival protection effects. Furthermore, RAG was shown to regulate influenza virus-induced inflammatory cytokine expression, specifically by downregulating the Th1 cell cytokines IFN-γ, TNF-α and upregulating the Th2 cell cytokines IL-4, IL-5. Cell migration and infiltration were also diminished after RAG administration.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/prevenção & controle , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Cinamatos/administração & dosagem , Depsídeos/administração & dosagem , Glucosídeos/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/complicações , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Peso Corporal , Cinamatos/química , Citocinas/análise , Depsídeos/química , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glucosídeos/química , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/virologia , Camundongos , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Carga Viral
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28424738

RESUMO

Li-Fei-Xiao-Yan prescription (LFXY) has been clinically used in China to treat inflammatory and infectious diseases including inflammatory lung diseases. The present study was aimed at evaluating the potential therapeutic effects and potential mechanisms of LFXY in a murine model of lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced acute lung injury (ALI). In this study, the mice were orally pretreated with LFXY or dexamethasone (positive drug) before the intratracheal instillation of LPS. Our data indicated that pretreatment with LFXY enhanced the survival rate of ALI mice, reversed pulmonary edema and permeability, improved LPS-induced lung histopathology impairment, suppressed the excessive inflammatory responses via decreasing the expression of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6) and chemokine (MIP-2) and inhibiting inflammatory cells migration, and repressed oxidative stress through the inhibition of MPO and MDA contents and the upregulation of antioxidants (SOD and GSH) activities. Mechanistically, treatment with LFXY significantly prevented LPS-induced TLR4 expression and NF-κB (p65) phosphorylation. Overall, the present study suggests that LFXY protected mice from acute lung injury induced by LPS via inhibition of TLR4/NF-κB p65 activation and upregulation of antioxidative enzymes and it may be a potential preventive and therapeutic agent for ALI in the clinical setting.

17.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 91: 49-53, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28448869

RESUMO

The immunomodulatory effects of two new phlorizin metabolites, phloretin 4-O-ß-d-glucuronide (1), 6-methoxyl-phloretin-2-O-ß-d-glucuronide (2), together with phloretin-2-O-ß-d-glucuronide (3) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells were determined. 1-3 (1-5µg/ml) significantly inhibited the production of NO (p<0.01). At the concentration of 5µg/ml, 2 and 3 further inhibited iNOS mRNA expression (p<0.01 or 0.05), and 1-3 inhibited iNOS protein expression (p<0.01). Conversely, they all promoted the proinflammatory cytokine TNF-α mRNA expression (p<0.01). For IL-10 mRNA, 1 and 3, which are main metabolism forms in rat plasma, obviously promoted its expression (p<0.01), while metabolite 2, which was only detected in rat urine, showed inhibitory activity, but 1-3 alone without LPS stimulation had no effect on the expression of both TNF-α and IL-10 mRNA expression. 1 further inhibited VEGF, CCL2 and CXCL1 mRNA expression at the concentration of 5-25µg/ml (p<0.01). These results indicated phloretin's metabolites with different structural forms showed different immunomodulatory activities.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Florizina/metabolismo , Animais , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Quimiocina CXCL1/genética , Quimiocina CXCL1/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores Imunológicos/química , Fatores Imunológicos/isolamento & purificação , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Células RAW 264.7 , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
18.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 46: 146-155, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28284148

RESUMO

Usnic acid (UA) can be found in certain lichen species. Growing evidence suggests that UA possesses antitumoral, antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. Bleomycin (BLM) is widely used in the treatment of malignant ascites, however, it unexpectedly causes pulmonary fibrosis (PF). Researches show that excessive inflammatory response and oxidative stress in lung tissue is conspicuous causes of BLM-induced PF. Here we investigated mechanism underlying the effect-enhancing and toxicity-reducing activity of UA on H22-bearing mice treated with BLM. UA combined with BLM was significantly more effective than BLM alone in inhibiting the tumor growth, arresting the cell cycle at G0/G1 phase, and promoting the cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-8 activities to induce cancer cellular apoptosis. The mechanism may be associated with the transcriptional regulation of p53/p21/Cyclin pathway. Furthermore, UA effectively moderated the histopathological changes, reduced the content of MDA, HYP, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 and TGF-ß1, and increased the level of SOD when combined with BLM in lung tissues of H22-bearing mice, which was believed to be related to the inhibition on the protein level of p-Smad2/3 and enhancement of Smad7 expression. These findings suggested that UA might be a potential effect-enhancing and toxicity-reducing candidate for BLM in the treatment of malignant ascites.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Ascite/tratamento farmacológico , Benzofuranos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Adjuvantes Farmacêuticos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ascite/complicações , Bleomicina/efeitos adversos , Bleomicina/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Líquens/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Neoplasias Experimentais , Fibrose Pulmonar/etiologia , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo
19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 198: 389-398, 2017 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28119098

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Brucea javanica is an important traditional medicinal herb used for the treatment of dysentery, malaria, inflammation and cancer in southeast Asia for many years. However, the anti-inflammatory mechanism of Brucea javanica in the treatment of dysentery (also known as ulcerative colitis, UC) has not been fully illuminated. Brucea javanica oil emulsion (BJOE) is the major active and most common application form of Brucea javanica oil (BJO), which has a variety of pharmacological activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory effect of BJOE and possible mechanism of action on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced UC in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The components of BJOE were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Balb/C mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS, 30mg/mL) induced colitis were treated with BJOE (0.5, 1 and 2g/kg) and two positive drugs (sulfasalazine, SASP, 200mg/kg; and azathioprine, AZA, 13mg/kg) once daily by gavage for 7 days. Mice in normal control group and DSS group were orally given the same volume of distilled water and soybean lecithin suspension (0.15g/kg) respectively. The effects of BJOE on DSS-induced UC were assessed by determination of body weight loss, disease activity index (DAI), colon length, histological analysis, as well as levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The mRNA expression of MPO, iNOS and COX-2 in colon tissues was detected by qRT-PCR. In addition, NF-κB p65, p-p65 and IκB-α, p-IκBα protein expression levels in colon tissues were investigated using Western blotting. RESULTS: The major components of BJOE were found to be oleic acid (62.68%) and linoleic acid (19.53%) as detected by GC-MS. Our results indicated that BJOE, SASP and AZA showed beneficial effect on DSS-induced colitis in mice, and significantly reduced the body weight loss and DAI, restored the colon length, repaired colonic pathological variations, decreased histological scores, and decreased the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-17 and IFN-γ) as compared with the DSS group. In addition, the mRNA expression of MPO, iNOS and COX-2 induced by DSS treatment was remarkably inhibited by BJOE, SASP or AZA treatments. Furthermore, when compared with DSS-treated mice, the activation of NF-κB was significantly inhibited by AZA and BJOE treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that BJOE possessed appreciable anti-inflammatory effect against murine experimental UC induced by DSS. The protective mechanism of BJOE may involve inhibition of NF-κB signal transduction pathways and subsequent down-regulation of inflammatory mediators. These findings suggest that BJOE might be an efficacious and promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of UC. Our investigation might also provide experimental evidence for the traditional application of Brucea javanica in the treatment of dysentery and might add new dimension to the clinical indications for BJOE.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Brucea/química , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Azatioprina/farmacologia , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Emulsões , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfassalazina/farmacologia
20.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2017 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28083812

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of Dendrobium officinale (DO) on D-galactose-induced aging mice. METHODS: Aging mice was induced by D-galactose at 0.125 g/kg for 10 weeks through subcutaneous injection except for the negative control group. After 10 days, according to complete random design, the aging modeling mice were randomized into 4 groups: aging control group (10 ML·kg-1·d-1) of distilled water), positive control group (vitamin B6 and ganodema lucidum tablets with a dose of 1 tablet/kg), DO-1 treatment group (DO juice with a dose of 1 g/kg), DO-2 treatment group (DO Polysaccharide with a dose of 0.32 g/kg), 14 mice in each group. All the animals were orally medicated daily for 9 weeks. Cognitive function assessment was performed using the maze test and step-down test. At the end of experiment, the superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) levels in the serum, the SOD, GSH-Px and nitric oxide (NO) levels in the cerebrum, the SOD and catalase (CAT) levels in the liver, the SOD and NO levels in the heart, and the SOD level in the kidney, were determined using commercial kits. The spleen, liver, heart, cerebrum and kidney were excised for histological study. RESULTS: Compared to aging control group, DO shortened the time of passing through the maze and prolong the step-down latency of aging mice (P <0.05 or P<0.01). DO markedly up-regulated serum levels of SOD, GSH-Px and T-AOC, and restored SOD levels in the heart, liver, kidney and cerebrum to normal status (P<0.05 or P<0.01). DO at the dose of 1 g/kg also signififi cantly improved the degree of spleen lesions (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: DO had marked anti-aging effect on D-galactose-induced model of aging. The underlying mechanism could be related to modulation on antioxidation system and immune system. The results indicated that DO could potentially be used as natural drugs or functional foods for preventing aging.

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