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1.
Ann Hematol ; 99(2): 215-221, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900500

RESUMO

Many studies have confirmed that overexpressed WT1 exists in leukemic cells, especially in AML. However, the immunophenotypic features of this sort of leukemic cells remain to be unclarified. We retrospectively analyzed the immunophenotype of 283 newly diagnosed AML patients with intermediated and poor cytogenetic risk to evaluate the correlation between phenotype and WT1 overexpression. EVI1 transcripts, KMT2A-PTD, FLT3-ITD, and NPM1 mutations were simultaneously assessed. Our results revealed that overexpressed WT1 was significantly associated with the expression of CD117, CD13, and CD123. Besides, leukemic cells with WT1 overexpression also lacked lymphoid and myeloid differentiation-related markers. FAB subtype M2 patients had higher WT1 levels, compared with other FAB subtype. Multivariate analysis was proved that NPM1 mutation, M2 subtype, and the expression of CD123 were independently associated with WT1 overexpression. These indicated that AML with overexpressed WT1 was proliferated and blocked in the early stage of AML development. It presumably provided some clues to detect overexpressed WT1 cells via multiparameter flow cytometry. CD123-targeted drugs might become one of the alternative treatments for patients with WT1 overexpression.


Assuntos
Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Proteínas WT1/biossíntese , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD/biossíntese , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação/biossíntese , Antígenos de Diferenciação/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Proteínas Nucleares/biossíntese , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fatores de Risco , Proteínas WT1/genética
2.
Ann Hematol ; 98(11): 2551-2559, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493003

RESUMO

The prognostic significance of Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) expression at diagnosis in adults with B cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) remains poorly understood. A total of 257 adults with Ph-negative BCP-ALL who were consecutively diagnosed and received at least 1 course of induction therapy at our institute were retrospectively analyzed. The WT1 expression patterns were significantly different among the molecularly and cytogenetically defined groups (E2A-PBX1, TEL-AML1, and MLL rearrangements; high hyperdiploidy and B-other). By considering the WT1 expression pattern and the relapse status, 2 cutoff values, 1.8% and 7.2%, were arbitrarily selected to place patients into WT1-low, WT1-inter, and WT1-high groups. In the B-other patients who achieved complete remission (CR), WT1-low and WT1-high patients had similar 3-year relapse-free survival (RFS), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) rates, which were all significantly lower than those of WT1-inter patients. The combined WT1-low/high expression group (n = 132) had significantly lower 3-year RFS, DFS, and OS rates compared with the WT1-inter group (n = 63) of B-other patients (RFS and DFS all P < 0.0001; OS P = 0.0018 and 0.0008). WT1 low/high expression as well as treating with chemotherapy only was independent poor prognostic factors for RFS, DFS, and OS in the B-other patients who achieved CR. Therefore, the molecularly and cytogenetically defined adult Ph-negative BCP-ALL groups have characteristic WT1 expression patterns, and WT1 low/high expression at diagnosis predicts poor outcome in B-other patients.


Assuntos
Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/mortalidade , Proteínas WT1/biossíntese , Adolescente , Adulto , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Proteínas WT1/genética
3.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 19(8): e470-e477, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Revised International Staging System (R-ISS) has been widely adopted to prognosticate multiple myeloma. As a result, the continued utility of conventional metaphase karyotyping has been called into question. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multi-center study for newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma who received novel agent(s) at induction was conducted. Conventional metaphase karyotype information was categorized based on ploidy. We evaluated the impact of ploidy on overall survival (OS) including multivariate analysis, taking into account the R-ISS stages, transplant status, age, and novel agent(s) used at induction. We also evaluated if it is possible to identify high-risk (HR) patients with conventional karyotyping when a fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis is not available. Results were validated in an independent cohort. RESULTS: There were 308 patients evaluable. Ploidy significantly affected the OS of patients with R-ISS stage II, with non-hyperdiploid patients doing the worst. In the multivariate analysis, ploidy was significantly associated with OS. R-ISS stage II patients with or without non-hyperdiploid karyotype had significantly different survival. We replaced HR fluorescence in situ hybridization abnormalities with HR metaphase karyotypic abnormalities (non-hyperdiploid karyotype). When compared with R-ISS, there was a high level of concordance in HR patients identified using HR karyotypic abnormalities. These results were validated with an independent cohort of 375 patients. CONCLUSION: Conventional metaphase karyotyping is an independent prognostic factor even in the setting of R-ISS.

4.
Br J Haematol ; 185(5): 836-851, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916375

RESUMO

Refinement of risk stratification in Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) might aid the identification of patients who are likely to relapse. Abnormal S100 calcium binding protein A16 (S100A16) has been implicated in various cancers, but its function remains unclear. We found S100A16 transcript levels were higher in 130 adults with newly-diagnosed Ph-negative B-cell ALL compared with 33 healthy controls. In 115 of 130 patients who achieved first complete remission, those with high S100A16 transcript levels displayed a lower 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR; 34% [21, 47%] vs. 40% [48, 72%]; P = 0·012) and higher 3-year relapse-free survival (RFS; 65% [53, 78%] vs. 35% [23, 46%]; P = 0·012), especially when receiving chemotherapy only. In multivariate analysis a low S100A16 transcript level was independently-associated with a higher CIR (Hazard ratio [HR] = 3·74 [1·01-13·82]; P = 0·048) and inferior RFS (HR = 5·78 [1·91, 17·84]; P < 0·001). Function analysis indicated that knockdown of S100A16 promoted proliferation and anti-apoptosis and reduced chemosensitivity. S100A16 over-expression revealed an opposite trend, especially in a xeno-transplant mouse model. Western blotting analysis showed upregulation of PI3K/AKT and ERK1/2 in S100A16-knockdown and S100A16-overexpression B-cell ALL cell lines respectively. Inhibition assays suggested these two signalling pathways participated in the S100A16-mediated proliferation and survival effects in B-cell ALL cell lines. Trial Registration: Registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry [ChiCTR-OCH-10000940]; http://www.chictr.org.cn.

5.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(1): 141-148, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30738461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the value of flow cytometric scoring system in the diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). METHODS: The phenotypes of erythroid and immature cells were analyzed retrospectively in 130 MDS patients, 19 healthy controls and 89 pathological controls, all of them were well clinically immunophenotyped. The 4-parameter scoring system reported in the literature was studied, including myeloblast-related cluster size, B-progenitor-related cluster size, lymphocyte to myeloblast CD45 ratio, and granulocyte to lymphocyte side scatter ratio. The two flow cytomatric parameters of the erythroid scoring system were analyzed, including CD36 coefficient of variation (CV) and CD71CV. According to our previous study, the percentage of CD117+CD105- myeloid progenitor cells and the proportion of CD105+ cells in CD117+ cells were selected to establish a two-parameter scoring system, and compared with the four-parameter scoring system and the erythroid scoring system. RESULTS: The sensitivity of the four-parameter scoring system and the erythroid scoring system for the diagnosis of low-risk MDS was 43.5% and 63.0%, and the specificity was 87.0% and 63.9%, respectively. After combining the two scoring systems, the sensitivity to diagnose low-risk MDS was 73.9% and the specificity was 62.0%. The sensitivity of the two-parameter scoring system for the diagnosis of low-risk MDS was 76.1% with a specificity of 81.5%. Combined with the four-parameter scoring system, the sensitivity was increased to 78.3%, but the specificity was reduced to 71.3%. After combining with the erythroid scoring system, the sensitivity reached 87.0%, but the specificity was reduced to 54.6%. CONCLUSION: Using the two-parameter scoring system alone can achieve great sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of low risk MDS.


Assuntos
Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Endoglina , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-kit , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Br J Haematol ; 182(5): 693-700, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29974949

RESUMO

To explore the type, prevalence and outcomes in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients with uncommon BCR-ABL1 transcripts in the era of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), uncommon BCR-ABL1 transcripts were screened in 4750 patients by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and type-specific real-time quantitative PCR was regularly performed for molecular monitoring. A total of 19 uncommon transcripts, including e1a2, e1a3, e6a2, e8a2, e12a2, unusual e13a2, e13a3, unusual e14a2, e14a3 and e19a2 were identified in 83 (1·7%) patients. The three most frequent types were e19a2, e13a3/e14a3 and e1a2. Compared with the 571 newly diagnosed CML patients in chronic phase with common e13a2/e14a2 transcripts receiving frontline imatinib therapy, patients with the e19a2 (n = 16) and e1a2 (n = 11) transcripts had significantly reduced probabilities of 1-year complete cytogenetic response (CCyR, P = 0·0004 and 0·016) and major molecular response (MMR, P = 0·0018 and 0·0035), and patients with the e13a3/e14a3 transcript (n = 10) had significantly increased probabilities of 1-year CCyR (P = 0·0072) and MMR (P = 0·0073). Patients with the e19a2 transcript had low probabilities of 2-year event-free survival (EFS, P = 0·0004) and progression-free survival (P = 0·0067), and patients with the e1a2 transcript had low probability of 2-year EFS (P < 0·0001). Therefore, uncommon BCR-ABL1 fusion transcripts are rare and diverse in patients with CML and may be relevant for TKI therapy outcomes.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Sequência de Bases , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Prevalência , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Mensageiro/genética
8.
Ann Hematol ; 97(5): 799-811, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29429020

RESUMO

Relapse remains one of the major obstacles in Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ALL) even after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The persistence of leukemia-propagating cells (LPCs) may lead to the recurrence of Ph+ALL. Using a xenograft assay, LPCs enrichment in the CD34+CD38-CD58- fraction in Ph+ALL was recently identified. A further cohort study indicated that the LPCs phenotype at diagnosis was an independent risk factor for relapse of Ph+ALL. However, little is known about the potential molecular mechanism of LPCs-mediated relapse. Therefore, the gene expression profiles of the sorted LPCs and other cell fractions from patients with de novo Ph+ALL were investigated using RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq). Most of the differentially expressed genes between the LPCs and other cell fractions were related to the regulation of the cell cycle and metabolism, as identified by the gene ontology (GO) enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses. Consistent with the RNA-Seq results, the mRNA levels of cell cycle-related genes, such as cyclin-dependent kinase 4, were significantly lower in the LPCs fraction than in other cell fractions. Moreover, the proportion of quiescent cells in LPCs was significantly higher than in other cell fractions. In summary, distinctive gene expression profiles and clusters, which were mostly related to the regulation of the cell cycle and metabolism, were demonstrated between LPCs and other cell fractions from patients with de novo Ph+ALL. Therefore, it would be beneficial to develop novel LPCs-based therapeutic strategies for Ph+ALL patients.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Med Sci Monit ; 24: 758-767, 2018 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29408852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Acute myeloid leukemia with intermediate cytogenetic risk (ICR-AML) needs to be stratified. The abnormal gene expression might be prognostic, and its cutoff value for patient grouping is pivotal. MATERIAL AND METHODS Ecotropic viral integration site 1 (EVI1) transcripts were assessed in 191 adult ICR-AML patients at diagnosis who received chemotherapy only. MLL-PTD, WT1 transcript levels, FLT3-ITD, and NPM1 mutations were simultaneously evaluated, and 27 normal bone marrow samples were tested to define normal threshold. RESULTS The normal upper limit of EVI1 transcript levels was 8.0%. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that 1.0% (a 0.9-log reduction from the normal limit) was the EVI1 optimal cutoff value for significantly differentiating relapse (P=0.049). A total of 23 patients (12%) had EVI1 levels ≥1.0%. EVI1 ≥1.0% had no effect on CR achievement, whereas it was significantly associated with lower 2-year relapse-free survival (RFS), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) rates in the entire cohort (P=0.0003, 0.0017, and 0.0009, respectively), patients with normal karyotypes (P=0.0032, 0.0047, and 0.0007, respectively), and FLT3-ITD (-) patients (all P<0.0001). Multivariate analysis showed that EVI1 ≥1.0% was an independent adverse prognostic factor for RFS, DFS, and OS in the entire cohort. In addition, patients with EVI1 transcript levels between 1.0% and 8.0% had 2-year RFS rates similar to those with EVI1 ≥8.0%, and they both had significantly lower RFS rates than those with EVI1 <1.0% (P=0.0005 and 0.027). CONCLUSIONS High EVI1 expression predicts poor outcome in ICR-AML patients receiving chemotherapy. The optimal cutoff value for patient stratification is different from the normal limit.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Proteína do Locus do Complexo MDS1 e EVI1/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Medula Óssea/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Citogenética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Proteína do Locus do Complexo MDS1 e EVI1/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Asia Pac J Clin Oncol ; 14(3): 270-278, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29282890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Azacitidine safety and efficacy were established in studies of mainly Caucasian patients. Differences in drug metabolism enzymes between Caucasian and East Asian populations prevent extrapolation of drug effects between these groups. This phase 2 study evaluated azacitidine safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics in patients with higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (HR-MDS) in mainland China. METHODS: Patients aged ≥18 years with HR-MDS were to receive subcutaneous azacitidine 75 mg/m2 /day for 7 days per 28-day cycle, for ≥6 cycles. Pharmacokinetic blood samples were collected in cycle 1 predose on days 5-7, and postdose on day 7. Pharmacokinetic outcomes are descriptively compared with those of a historical North American cohort. RESULTS: Of 72 participants, 46 (64%) completed ≥6 cycles. Response rate was 96%, driven primarily by stable disease (94%); one patient achieved complete remission. Hematologic improvement was attained by 53% of patients. Azacitidine mean plasma concentration versus time profiles were similar in shape for Chinese (n = 12) and North American (n = 45) patients. Maximum plasma concentration (Cmax ) was higher in Chinese patients; however, mean azacitidine exposure (1190 ng·h/mL) was similar to the North American cohort (1021 ng·h/mL). Most common grade 3-4 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were thrombocytopenia (69%) and neutropenia (67%). CONCLUSIONS: Azacitidine was safe and effective in Chinese patients with HR-MDS. Clinical outcomes were comparable to those for primarily Caucasian patients in the phase 3 AZA-001 study. Cmax differences between Chinese and North American patients were not associated with differences in TEAE frequency or severity. No initial azacitidine dose adjustment is required for Chinese patients with HR-MDS.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Azacitidina/uso terapêutico , Infusões Subcutâneas/métodos , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Azacitidina/farmacocinética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Blood ; 131(11): 1219-1233, 2018 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29288170

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of corticosteroid-resistant immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), a clinically challenging condition in which patients exhibit either no response to corticosteroids or are corticosteroid-dependent, remains poorly understood. Murine studies suggest that bone marrow (BM) endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play a crucial role in regulating megakaryocytopoiesis. However, little is known regarding the number and function of BM EPCs or how to improve impaired BM EPCs in corticosteroid-resistant ITP patients. In the current case-control study, we evaluated whether the BM EPCs in corticosteroid-resistant ITP differed from those in corticosteroid-sensitive ITP. Moreover, whether atorvastatin could enhance the number and function of BM EPCs derived from corticosteroid-resistant ITP patients was investigated in vitro and in vivo. Reduced and dysfunctional BM EPCs, characterized by decreased capacities of migration and angiogenesis as well as higher levels of reactive oxygen species and apoptosis, were observed in corticosteroid-resistant ITP patients. In vitro treatment with atorvastatin quantitatively and functionally improved BM EPCs derived from corticosteroid-resistant ITP patients by downregulating the p38 MAPK pathway and upregulating the Akt pathway, and rescued the impaired BM EPCs to support megakaryocytopoiesis. Subsequently, a pilot cohort study showed that atorvastatin was safe and effective in corticosteroid-resistant ITP patients. Taken together, these results indicate that reduced and dysfunctional BM EPCs play a role in the pathogenesis of corticosteroid-resistant ITP, and the impaired BM EPCs could be improved by atorvastatin both in vitro and in vivo. Although requiring further validation, our data indicate that atorvastatin represents a promising therapeutic approach for repairing impaired BM EPCs in corticosteroid-resistant ITP patients.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Atorvastatina/administração & dosagem , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Resistência a Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Mielopoese/efeitos dos fármacos , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Medula Óssea/patologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos Prospectivos , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/metabolismo , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
12.
Oncotarget ; 8(62): 105397-105406, 2017 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29285259

RESUMO

Patients with standard-risk adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with chemotherapy do not have satisfactory outcomes. To more precisely classify ALL patients and optimize treatment, we re-evaluated the risk stratification system by examining CD20 expression and other classic risk factors at diagnosis. We retrospectively analyzed response to induction chemotherapy of 217 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia-negative B cell precursor-ALL. Survival analyses were conducted for the 136 patients who were intended to be treated with chemotherapy alone. Among the 217 patients, 69 (31.8%) were considered standard risk based on age <35 years, white blood cell count <30 × 109/L, absence of central nervous system involvement, and high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities. Seventy-four patients (34.1%) expressed CD20 on ≥20% of leukemia blasts and were considered CD20 positive. We found that fewer CD20-positive than CD20-negative patients achieved durable first complete responses (CR1 ≥3 months) (81.1% vs. 94.9%, P=0.002). Within the standard-risk group, more CD20-negative than CD20-positive patients achieved CR (100% vs. 83.3%, P=0.003) and durable CR1 (100% vs. 82.4%, P=0.014). For patients in the CD20-negative standard-risk, CD20-positive standard-risk, CD20-negative high-risk, and CD20-positive high-risk groups, the 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 42.6%, 70.0%, 59.3%, and 69.5%, respectively (P=0.118); the 3-year disease-free survival rates were 52.1%, 0%, 20.7%, and 13.7%, respectively (P=0.006); and the 3-year overall survival rates were 55.8%, 13.8%, 23.6%, and 16.9%, respectively (P=0.006). Our results suggest that patients with CD20-negative standard-risk B cell precursor-ALL have favorable prognosis compared with CD20-positive standard-risk or CD20-negative or -positive high-risk patients. CD20-positive standard-risk ALL patients may need other therapeutic modalities bridging to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

13.
J Transl Med ; 15(1): 184, 2017 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28854975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As one of the major treatment obstacles in Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ALL), relapse of Ph+ALL may result from the persistence of leukemia-propagating cells (LPCs). Research using a xenograft mouse assay recently determined that LPCs were enriched in the CD34+CD38-CD58- fraction in human Ph+ALL. Additionally, a cohort study demonstrated that Ph+ALL patients with a LPCs phenotype at diagnosis exhibited a significantly higher cumulative incidence of relapse than those with the other cell phenotypes even with uniform front-line imatinib-based therapy pre- and post-allotransplant, thus highlighting the need for novel LPCs-based therapeutic strategies. METHODS: RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were performed to analyze the gene expression profiles of the sorted LPCs and other cell fractions from patients with de novo Ph+ALL. In order to assess the effects of the selective BCR-ABL and/or Janus kinase (JAK)2 inhibition therapy by the treatment with single agents or a combination of ruxolitinib and imatinib or nilotinib on Ph+ALL LPCs, drug-induced apoptosis of LPCs was investigated in vitro, as well as in vivo using sublethally irradiated and anti-CD122-conditioned NOD/SCID xenograft mouse assay. Moreover, western blot analyses were performed on the bone marrow cells harvested from the different groups of recipient mice. RESULTS: RNA-Seq and qRT-PCR demonstrated that JAK2 was more highly expressed in the sorted LPCs than in the other cell fractions in de novo Ph+ALL patients. Combination treatment with a selective JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor (ruxolitinib) and nilotinib more effectively eliminated LPCs than either therapy alone or both in vitro and in humanized Ph+ALL mice by reducing phospho-CrKL and phospho-JAK2 activities at the molecular level. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, this pre-clinical study provides a scientific rationale for simultaneously targeting BCR-ABL and JAK2 activities as a promising anti-LPCs therapeutic approach for patients with de novo Ph+ALL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Frações Subcelulares/efeitos dos fármacos , Frações Subcelulares/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Adulto Jovem
14.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 25(3): 807-812, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28641640

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficiency of direct fluorescence in situ hybridization (D-FISH) versus FISH on CD138 immunomagnetic sorting myeloma cells (MACS-FISH) to detect the cytogenetic abnormalities of multiple myeloma. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with multiple myeloma (MM) were detected by D-FISH and MACS-FISH, using 5 probes, including 1q21, D13S319, RB1, IgH, P53. The IgH rearrangement positive patients were further examined by 3 IgH rearrangement subtype FISH probes including IgH/FGFR3, IgH/MAF and IgH/CCND1. RESULTS: Metaphase karyotyping revealed cytogenetic abnormalities in 5 cases (16.1%), clonal aberrations were detected in 13 cases(41.9%) by D-FISH, while 25 case(80.6%) with clonal aberrations by MACS-FISH. The results between these 2 FISH methods were significantly different (P=0.042). The detection frequency of clonal aberration by each probes of D-FISH was 22.6%,25.8%,29%,38.7% and 9.7% respectively for 1q21 amplification, D13S319 deletion,RB1 deletion, IgH rearrangement and P53 deletion, compared with 48.4%,45.2%,48.4%,67.7% and 16.1% respectively by MACS-FISH. The 2 FISH methods were well consistent when the percentage of plasma cells was ≥20% in bone marrow smears. When the percentage of plasma cells was<20% in bone marrow smears, the difference between these 2 methods was very statistically significant (P=0.00). CONCLUSION: MACS-FISH can obviously improve the detection efficiency of cytogenetic abnormalities in patients with MM. Conventional cytogenetics combined with MACS-FISH is an ideal efficient method to detect the cytogenetic abnormalities in MM patients, and should be applied widely, especially for those patients with the plasma cells <20% in bone marrow smears.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Transtornos Cromossômicos , Humanos , Cariotipagem
15.
Leuk Res ; 59: 136-141, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28654842

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) remains an important curative option for children with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) who have a poor response to chemotherapy plus imatinib. For such children, if there are no matched related or unrelated donors, alternative donor transplantation may be a choice. The role of haploidentical donor (HID) HSCT in pediatric patients with Ph+ ALL has not been reported. The study population included pediatric patients with Ph+ ALL who underwent HID-HSCT. BCR-ABL transcript levels were analyzed using real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. At a median follow-up of 34 months, the 5-year probabilities of event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 61.0% and 70.0%, respectively in HID HSCT. The 3-year incidence of relapse and non-relapse mortality was 22.7% and 16.4%. Multivariate analysis showed that the post-HSCT BCR-ABL transcript level on +30day was a significant factor affecting relapse rate. HID HSCT for the treatment of pediatric patients with Ph+ ALL yielded promising long-term survival. Post-HSCT BCR-ABL transcript positivity was a significant factor for clinical relapse after allo-HSCT in the imatinib era.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Haplótipos/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , RNA Mensageiro/sangue , Recidiva , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Oncotarget ; 8(22): 35984-36000, 2017 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28415593

RESUMO

Relapse is the major cause of treatment-failure in adults with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) achieving complete remission after induction chemotherapy. Greater precision identifying persons likely to relapse is important. We did bio-informatics analyses of transcriptomic data to identify mRNA transcripts aberrantly-expressed in B-cell ALL. We selected 9 candidate genes for validation 7 of which proved significantly-associated with B-cell ALL. We next focused on function and clinical correlations of the cysteine and glycine-rich protein 2 (CSRP2). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to examine gene transcript levels in bone marrow samples from 236 adults with B-cell ALL compared with samples from normals. CSRP2 was over-expressed in 228 out of 236 adults (97%) with newly-diagnosed B-cell ALL. A prognostic value was assessed in 168 subjects. In subjects with normal cytogenetics those with high CSRP2 transcript levels had a higher 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and worse relapse-free survival (RFS) compared with subjects with low transcript levels (56% [95% confidence interval, 53, 59%] vs. 19% [18, 20%]; P = 0.011 and 41% [17, 65%] vs. 80% [66-95%]; P = 0.007). In multivariate analyses a high CSRP2 transcript level was independently-associated with CIR (HR = 5.32 [1.64-17.28]; P = 0.005) and RFS (HR = 5.56 [1.87, 16.53]; P = 0.002). Functional analyses indicated CSRP2 promoted cell proliferation, cell-cycle progression, in vitro colony formation and cell migration ability. Abnormal CSRP2 expression was associated with resistance to chemotherapy; sensitivity was restored by down-regulating CSRP2 expression.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/patologia , Adulto , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Análise Citogenética , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Neoplasia Residual , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
17.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 58(6): 1384-1393, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27733081

RESUMO

To investigate the impact of the combination of early molecular and cytogenetic responses on the achievement of MR4.5, 228 newly diagnosed chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with imatinib were categorized into 3-month and 6-month concordant optimal, discordant, concordant warning, and failure groups. Among them, 85.3% at 3 months and 78.1% at 6 months had concordant molecularly and cytogenetically defined responses. At both 3 and 6 months, patients with discordant, concordant warning and failure responses had similar 3-year MR4.5 rates, and all were significantly lower than the rate in patients with concordant optimal responses. Patients with concurrent 3-month and 6-month concordant optimal responses had a significantly higher 3-year MR4.5 rate than those with other responses, and 3-month and 6-month concurrent molecular optimal, but not cytogenetic optimal responses. Therefore, achieving concordant optimal molecular and cytogenetic responses at both 3 and 6 months with imatinib treatment are associated with MR4.5 achievement.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Análise Citogenética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Chin J Cancer ; 35: 46, 2016 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27197573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21) is a heterogeneous disease. Identifying AML patients with t(8;21) who have a poor prognosis despite achieving remission is important for determining the best subsequent therapy. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of Wilm tumor gene-1 (WT1) transcript levels and cellular homolog of the viral oncogene v-KIT receptor tyrosine kinase (C-KIT) mutations at diagnosis, and RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript levels after the second consolidation chemotherapy cycle on outcomes. METHODS: Eighty-eight AML patients with t(8;21) who received chemotherapy only or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were included. Patients who achieved remission, received two or more cycles of consolidation chemotherapy, and had a positive measureable residual disease (MRD) test result (defined as <3-log reduction in RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript levels compared to baseline) after 2-8 cycles of consolidation chemotherapy were recommended to receive allo-HSCT. Patients who had a negative MRD test result were recommended to receive further chemotherapy up to only 8 cycles. WT1 transcript levels and C-KIT mutations at diagnosis, and RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript levels after the second consolidation chemotherapy cycle were tested. RESULTS: Patients who had a C-KIT mutation had significantly lower WT1 transcript levels than patients who did not have a C-KIT mutation (6.7% ± 10.6% vs. 19.5% ± 19.9%, P < 0.001). Low WT1 transcript levels (≤5.0%) but not C-KIT mutation at diagnosis, a positive MRD test result after the second cycle of consolidation chemotherapy, and receiving only chemotherapy were independently associated with high cumulative incidence of relapse in all patients (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.53, 2.30, and 11.49; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.64-7.62, 1.82-7.56, and 4.43-29.82; P = 0.002, 0.034, and <0.001, respectively); these conditions were also independently associated with low leukemia-free survival (HR = 3.71, 2.33, and 5.85; 95% CI 1.82-7.56, 1.17-4.64, and 2.75-12.44; P < 0.001, 0.016, and <0.001, respectively) and overall survival (HR = 3.50, 2.32, and 4.34; 95% CI 1.56-7.82, 1.09-4.97, and 1.98-9.53; P = 0.002, 0.030, and <0.001, respectively) in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: Testing for WT1 transcript levels at diagnosis in patients with AML and t(8;21) may predict outcomes in those who achieve remission. A randomized study is warranted to determine whether allo-HSCT can improve prognosis in these patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Proteínas WT1/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Cromossomos Humanos Par 21/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1 , Análise de Sobrevida , Translocação Genética , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
19.
Oncol Lett ; 11(4): 2644-2650, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27073532

RESUMO

The SET nuclear proto-oncogene (SET)-nucleoporin (NUP)214 fusion gene, which results from cryptic t(9;9)(q34;q34) or del(9)(q34.11q34.13), is a rare genetic event in hematological malignancies. The majority of patients carrying SET-NUP214 experience T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), but rarely experience acute undifferentiated leukemia or acute myeloid leukemia. The current study presents the case of a 19-year-old male patient with B-cell ALL (B-ALL) carrying the SET-NUP214 fusion gene, in addition to an fms-related tyrosine kinase 3-internal tandem duplication mutation and a complex karyotype abnormality. The patient exhibited chemotherapy resistance. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first report of a case of B-ALL carrying the SET-NUP214 fusion gene, and provides a review of the literature.

20.
Leuk Res ; 43: 33-8, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26930456

RESUMO

To explore new risk predictors for a high risk of relapse in Philadelphia chromosome negative (Ph-) B cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) patients, 196 paediatric Ph- B-ALL patients (≤ 18 years) were retrospectively analysed. We mainly focus on investigating the prognostic value of CD38 and CD58 expression in leukemic blasts in these patients by four colour flow cytometry. The CD38+ CD58- group (n=16) had a higher relapse rate, a shorter 3-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) than the CD38+ CD58+ group (n=157; 31.3% vs 10.2%, P=0.04; 52.4% vs 92.3%, P<0.01; 32.5% vs 91.0%, P=0.01); CD38+ CD58- was an independent adverse prognostic predictor for relapse (hazard ratio [HR], 0.203; 95%CI, 0.063-0.656; P=0.01), 3-year EFS (HR, 0.091; 95%CI, 0.023-0.355; P<0.01) and OS (HR, 0.102; 95%CI, 0.026-0.3971; P<0.01) in this cohort, as determined by Cox multivariate analysis. We identified, for the first time, a higher risk population of paediatric Ph- B-ALL patients with CD38+ CD58- who had a higher relapse risk and a shorter survival. Our results may allow better risk stratification and individualized treatment.


Assuntos
ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1/sangue , Antígenos CD58 , Proteínas de Neoplasias/sangue , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/sangue , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/mortalidade , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Taxa de Sobrevida
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