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1.
Planta Med ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975362

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic liver diseases worldwide. Nevertheless, no first-line therapy exists. Hepatic steatosis is the earliest stage of NAFLD, which is characterized by an accumulation of hepatic lipids. Patchouli oil (PO), which is isolated from the well-known Chinese herb named Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. (Lamiaceae), inhibits hepatic lipid accumulation effectively. However, its potential ability for the treatment of NAFLD had not been reported before. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of PO against hepatic steatosis and its underlying mechanisms. We used a high fat diet (HFD)-induced hepatic steatosis model of rats to estimate the effect of PO against NAFLD. Hematoxylin-eosin and oil red O staining were used to analyze the hepatic histopathological changes. ELISA, RT-qPCR, and Western blotting analysis were applied to evaluate the parameters for hepatic steatosis. Our results showed that PO significantly attenuated the lipid profiles and the serum enzymes, evidenced by quantitative and histopathological analyses. It also markedly down-regulated the expression of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREPB-1c) with its downstream factors in de novo lipogenesis. And, likewise, in lipid export by very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), related molecules were dramatically improved. Furthermore, PO observably normalized the aberrant peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPAR-α) signal in fatty acids oxidation. In conclusion, PO exerted a preventing effect against HFD-induced steatosis and might be due to decrease de novo lipogenesis, promote export of lipids, as well as owing to improve fatty acids oxidation.

2.
Int J Mol Med ; 44(6): 2015-2026, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638181

RESUMO

Bruceine D is one of the active components of Brucea javanica (L.) Merr., which is widely used to treat cancer in China. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential effect of bruceine D against non­small­cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and delineate its underlying mechanisms. The results indicated that treatment with bruceine D markedly inhibited the proliferation of wild­type NSCLC cells and epidermal growth factor receptor­mutant cells in a dose­ and time­dependent manner, and significantly decreased the colony­forming ability and migration of A549 cells. Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that treatment with bruceine D effectively induced apoptosis of A549 cells. In addition, the proapoptotic effect of bruceine D was found to be associated with G0­G1 cell cycle arrest, accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde, depletion of glutathione levels and disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential. Additionally, pretreatment with N­acetylcysteine, a ROS scavenger, significantly attenuated the bruceine D­induced inhibition in A549 cells. Western blotting demonstrated that treatment with bruceine D significantly suppressed the expression of the anti­apoptotic proteins Bcl­2, Bcl­xL and X­linked inhibitor of apoptosis, enhanced the expression levels of apoptotic proteins Bax and Bak, and inhibited the expression of pro­caspase­3 and pro­caspase­8. Based on these results, it may be suggested that inhibition of A549 NSCLC cell proliferation by bruceine D is associated with the modulation of ROS­mitochondrial­mediated death signaling. This novel insight may provide further evidence to verify the anticancer efficacy of B. javanica, and support a role for bruceine D in the anti­NSCLC treatment.

3.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1181, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386242

RESUMO

Curcumin (CUR), a promising naturally occurring dietary compound, is commonly recognized as the potential anti-inflammatory agent. While the application of CUR was hampered by its low stability and poor systemic bioavailability, it has been suggested that the biological activities of CUR are intimately related to its metabolites. In the current investigation, we aimed to comparatively explore the anti-inflammatory effects of tetrahydrocurcumin (THC), octahydrocurcumin (OHC), and CUR, and to elucidate the underlying action mechanisms on experimental mice models of acute inflammation, i.e., xylene-induced ear edema, acetic acid-induced vascular permeability, and carrageenan-induced paw edema. The results showed that THC and OHC exerted significant and dose-dependent inhibitions on the formation of ear edema induced by xylene and paw edema provoked by carrageenan and inhibited the Evans blue dye leakage in peritoneal cavity elicited by acetic acid. Moreover, THC and OHC treatments were more effective than CUR in selectively inhibiting the expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and suppressing nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathways via transforming growth factor ß activated kinase-1 (TAK1) inactivation in the carrageenan-induced mouse paw edema model.

4.
Int J Mol Med ; 41(3): 1447-1454, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29328398

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common and life­threatening type of malignant cancer, which is associated with a high mortality rate. Cisplatin (CDDP) is a commonly used chemotherapy drug with significant side effects. Brusatol (BR) is one of the principal chemical compounds isolated from the Chinese herb Bruceae Fructus, which has been reported to markedly inhibit the proliferation of numerous cancer cell lines. The present study aimed to investigate the possible synergistic anticancer effects of CDDP combined with BR on CT­26 cells, and to evaluate the underlying mechanisms of action. The growth inhibitory effects of BR, CDDP, and BR and CDDP cotreatment on CT­26 cells were assessed by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis were determined by flow cytometry and western blot analysis. The results indicated that compared with single­agent treatment, cotreatment of CT­26 cells with CDDP and BR synergistically inhibited cell proliferation and increased cellular apoptosis. Furthermore, treatment of CT­26 cells with CDDP and BR resulted in a marked increase in the release of cytosolic cytochrome c, decreased expression of procaspase­3 and procaspase­9, and upregulation of the B­cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl­2)­associated X protein/Bcl­2 ratio compared with treatment with BR or CDDP alone. These results strongly suggested that the combination of CDDP and BR was able to produce a synergistic antitumor effect in CRC cells, thus providing a solid foundation for further development of this combination regimen into an effective therapeutic method for CRC.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Quassinas/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Caspases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Citocromos c/metabolismo , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Camundongos , Quassinas/química , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
5.
Oncotarget ; 8(49): 84974-84985, 2017 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29156697

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is highly resistant to chemotherapeutic agents and is known to have a poor prognosis. The development of new therapeutic entities is badly needed for this deadly malignancy. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time that brusatol, a natural quassinoid isolated from a Chinese herbal medicine named Bruceae Fructus, possessed potent cytotoxic effect against different pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines. Its anti-pancreatic cancer effect was comparable to that of the first-line chemotherapeutic agents such as gemcitabine and 5-fluorouracil, with a more favorable safety profile. In addition, brusatol showed a synergistic anti-proliferative effect toward PANC-1 and Capan-2 cell lines when combined with gemcitabine or 5-fluorouracil. The results of flow cytometry suggested that brusatol combination treatment with gemcitabine or 5-fluorouracil was able to cause cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase, and accentuate apoptosis in PANC-1 cells. Moreover, brusatol deactivated gemcitabine/5-fluorouracil-induced NF-κB activation. Western blot analysis and qRT-PCR results showed that brusatol significantly down-regulated the expression of vimentin and Twist, and markedly stimulated the expression of E-cadherin, the key regulatory factors of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process. Furthermore, treatment with combination of brusatol and gemcitabine or 5-fluorouracil significantly reduced in vivo tumor growth when compared with treatment of either brusatol or gemcitabine/5-fluorouracil alone. Taken together, these results have amply demonstrated that brusatol is a potent anti-pancreatic cancer natural compound, and the synergistic anti-pancreatic cancer effects of brusatol and gemcitabine/5-fluorouracil observed both in vitro and in vivo are associated with the suppression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition process, indicating that brusatol is a promising adjunct to the current chemotherapeutic regimen.

6.
Front Pharmacol ; 8: 936, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29311937

RESUMO

Brucein D (BD), a major active quassinoid in Brucea javanica, has exhibited pronounced anticancer activities. However, the biologic mechanisms have not been fully explored. In this study, BD exhibited more potent cytotoxic effect on pancreatic cancer (PanCa) cell lines, while exerted weaker cytotoxic effects on GES-1 cells (non-tumorigenic). BD was shown to elicit apoptosis through inducing both the intrinsic and extrinsic mitochondria-mediated caspase activations. Furthermore, the BD-induced apoptotic effects were dependent on the accumulated reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inactivation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Pretreatment with tempol completely prevented the cellular apoptosis induced by BD, and recovered the inactivation of AKT, which suggested ROS essentially involved in BD-elicited apoptosis and down-regulation of PI3K/Akt pathway. In addition, the results obtained from orthotopic xenograft in nude mice were congruent with those of the in vitro investigations. These results support the notion that BD held good potential to be further developed into an effective pharmaceutical agent for the treatment of PanCa.

7.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 78: 202-12, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25445704

RESUMO

The transcription factor Nrf2 regulates the basal and inducible expression of a battery of cytoprotective genes. Whereas numerous Nrf2-inducing small molecules have been reported, very few chemical inhibitors of Nrf2 have been identified to date. The quassinoid brusatol has recently been shown to inhibit Nrf2 and ameliorate chemoresistance in vitro and in vivo. Here, we show that brusatol provokes a rapid and transient depletion of Nrf2 protein, through a posttranscriptional mechanism, in mouse Hepa-1c1c7 hepatoma cells. Importantly, brusatol also inhibits Nrf2 in freshly isolated primary human hepatocytes. In keeping with its ability to inhibit Nrf2 signaling, brusatol sensitizes Hepa-1c1c7 cells to chemical stress provoked by 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene, iodoacetamide, and N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine, the hepatotoxic metabolite of acetaminophen. The inhibitory effect of brusatol toward Nrf2 is shown to be independent of its repressor Keap1, the proteasomal and autophagic protein degradation systems, and protein kinase signaling pathways that are known to modulate Nrf2 activity, implying the involvement of a novel means of Nrf2 regulation. These findings substantiate brusatol as a useful experimental tool for the inhibition of Nrf2 signaling and highlight the potential for therapeutic inhibition of Nrf2 to alter the risk of adverse events by reducing the capacity of nontarget cells to buffer against chemical and oxidative insults. These data will inform a rational assessment of the risk:benefit ratio of inhibiting Nrf2 in relevant therapeutic contexts, which is essential if compounds such as brusatol are to be developed into efficacious and safe drugs.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Quassinas/farmacologia , Animais , Autofagia , Western Blotting , Brucea/química , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Hepatócitos/citologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
J Sep Sci ; 35(17): 2193-202, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22888096

RESUMO

A simple and sensitive method was developed and validated for profiling and simultaneous quantitation of seven alkaloids (6-hydroxy-ß-carboline-1-carboxylic acid, ß-carboline-1-carboxylic acid, ß-carboline-1-propanoic acid, 3-methylcanthin-5,6-dione, 5-hydroxy-4-methoxycanthin-6-one, 1-methoxycarbony-ß-carboline, and 4,5-dimethoxycanthin-6-one) in Picrasma quassioide grown in different locations by high-performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection. The analysis was conducted on a Phenomenex Gemini C(18) column at 35°C with mobile phase of 25 mM aqueous ammonium acetate (pH 4.0, adjusted by glacial acetate acid) and acetonitrile. A common fingerprint chromatograph under 254 nm consisting of 27 peaks was constructed for the evaluation of the similarities among 31 P. quassioide samples. Samples from Guangdong and Guangxi Provinces were found to be within group linkage and showed significant difference from that of Jiangxi Province origin by using principal component analysis and hierarchical clustering analysis. In addition, the seven alkaloids were identified by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and comparing with reference standards and literature data. All of them were determined simultaneously using the established HPLC method. This rapid and effective analytical method could be employed for quality assessment of P. quassioide, as well as pharmaceutical products containing this herbal material.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Picrasma/química , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/instrumentação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Controle de Qualidade
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