Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 213
Filtrar
1.
Dermatology ; : 1-6, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Blue color in dermoscopy can be seen in a wide range of benign and malignant lesions, melanocytic or not. Some blue-colored dermoscopic criteria have been associated with specific tumors, such as blue-white veil with melanoma and homogeneous blue with blue nevi. However, when blue color occupies a large part of the lesion's surface, the dermoscopic assessment might be particularly challenging. OBJECTIVE: To identify dermoscopic predictors associated with benignity and malignancy in tumors characterized by a predominant dermoscopic presence of blue color. METHODS: We retrospectively screened our institutional database for tumors exhibiting blue color in at least 50% of their surface with available histopathologic diagnosis. Lesions with blue color covering less than 50% of their extent and lesions not histopathologically assessed were excluded. The dermoscopic images were evaluated for the presence of predefined criteria, including the characteristics of the blue color, coexisting colors, and the vascular structures. RESULTS: Of 91 included tumors, 53 were benign (35 blue nevi, 10 angiomas, and 8 seborrheic keratoses) and 38 malignant (12 melanomas and 26 basal cell carcinomas). Our analysis revealed 3 potent dermoscopic predictors of benignity: extension of blue color in more than 75% of the surface, diffuse distribution of blue color, and absence of vessels, posing a 2.3-fold, 5.6-fold, and 6.7-fold increased probability of benignity, respectively. In contrast, asymmetric distribution of blue color, blue clods, coexistence of gray color and linear vessels were significantly predictive of malignancy, posing a 8.9-fold, 2.8-fold, 13.5-fold, and 10.4-fold increased probability, respectively. CONCLUSION: In predominantly blue tumors, the probability of malignancy is high when blue color is seen in clods or is asymmetrically distributed and when gray color or linear vessels coexist. In contrast, a diffuse distribution of blue color, its expansion in more than 75% of the surface, and the absence of vessels are highly suggestive of a benign tumor.

4.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) can be discriminated easily from actinic keratosis (AK) based on clinical and dermatoscopic features. However, at the initial stage of dermal invasion, SCC might still be clinically flat and discrimination from AK remains challenging, even with the addition of dermatoscopy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and dermatoscopic criteria that could suggest early invasion and serve as potent predictors to discriminate early SCC from AK. METHODS: Clinical and dermatoscopic images of histopathologically diagnosed AKs and early SCCs were evaluated for the presence of predefined criteria by 3 independent investigators. RESULTS: A total of 50 early SCCs and 45 AKs were included. The main positive dermatoscopic predictors of early SCC were dotted/glomerular vessels (odds ratio [OR] 3.83), hairpin vessels (OR 12.12), and white structureless areas (OR 3.58), whereas background erythema represented a negative SCC predictor (OR 0.22). LIMITATIONS: The retrospective evaluation of images. Moreover, the differential diagnosis included in the study is restricted between AK and early SCC. CONCLUSIONS: We identified potent predictors for the discrimination of AK and early SCC that may better guide management decisions in everyday clinical practice.

5.
Expert Opin Drug Saf ; : 1-6, 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888008

RESUMO

Introduction: Hedgehog inhibitors are an alternative treatment option for patients with advanced BCCs not eligible for standard therapies due to lack of efficacy, high recurrence risk, and high-rate morbidity. Sonidegib, an oral smoothened antagonist, has been approved for the treatment of adult patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma. Several studies and randomized controlled trials have been conducted in order to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of this new molecule.Areas covered: The aim of this article is to provide a complete overview on the use of sonidegib for the treatment of advanced BCCs describing the efficacy, safety, and drug tolerability of this drug.Expert opinion: Sonidegib, with a different pharmacokinetics profile from that of the other SMO-inhibitor vismodegib, demonstrated to be an efficacious and well-tolerated treatment in patients with locally advanced BCC. Although several drug-related adverse events have already been described, different strategies should be taken into account to better manage this small molecule while avoiding treatment discontinuation. The use of sonidegib as neoadjuvant therapy or combined with other hedgehog pathway inhibitors targeting different sites and to date, only available for pre-clinical studies, should also be considered.

8.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772339

RESUMO

To date, is yet to be elucidated whether the body location of cutaneous melanoma can significantly affect an early dermoscopic diagnosis and, consequently, if it can be regarded as a prognostic factor. To investigate the dermoscopic appearance of early melanomas (EMs) at different body sites; to test the ability of dermoscopists in recognizing specific dermoscopic features in EMs. A pool of 106 experienced dermoscopists evaluated the presence of 10 dermoscopic features assumed as suggestive of malignancy among 268 images of EMs with ambiguous appearance located at 16 body sites. According to 720 evaluations, EMs of the "upper extremities" showed a prevalence of early atypical lentiginous features. EMs of the "anterior trunk" exhibited the lower rate of recognition for all features. EMs of the "rear trunk" can be regarded as an intermediate area, showing high recognition rates of regression-related and chronic-traumatism-related features.

9.
JAMA Dermatol ; 157(2): 189-197, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404623

RESUMO

Importance: Dermoscopy education in US dermatology residency programs varies widely, and there is currently no existing expert consensus identifying what is most important for resident physicians to know. Objectives: To identify consensus-based learning constructs representing an appropriate foundational proficiency in dermoscopic image interpretation for dermatology resident physicians, including dermoscopic diagnoses, associated features, and representative teaching images. Defining these foundational proficiency learning constructs will facilitate further skill development in dermoscopic image interpretation to help residents achieve clinical proficiency. Design, Setting, and Participants: A 2-phase modified Delphi surveying technique was used to identify resident learning constructs in 3 sequential sets of surveys-diagnoses, features, and images. Expert panelists were recruited through an email distributed to the 32 members of the Pigmented Lesion Subcommittee of the Melanoma Prevention Working Group. Twenty-six (81%) opted to participate. Surveys were distributed using RedCAP software. Main Outcomes and Measures: Consensus on diagnoses, associated dermoscopic features, and representative teaching images reflective of a foundational proficiency in dermoscopic image interpretation for US dermatology resident physicians. Results: Twenty-six pigmented lesion and dermoscopy specialists completed 8 rounds of surveys, with 100% (26/26) response rate in all rounds. A final list of 32 diagnoses and 116 associated dermoscopic features was generated. Three hundred seventy-eight representative teaching images reached consensus with panelists. Conclusions and Relevance: Consensus achieved in this modified Delphi process identified common dermoscopic diagnoses, associated features, and representative teaching images reflective of a foundational proficiency in dermoscopic image interpretation for dermatology residency training. This list of validated objectives provides a consensus-based foundation of key learning points in dermoscopy to help resident physicians achieve clinical proficiency in dermoscopic image interpretation.

10.
Eur J Cancer ; 144: 192-199, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical differentiation of face and scalp lesions (FSLs) is challenging even for trained dermatologists. Studies comparing the diagnostic performance of a convolutional neural network (CNN) with dermatologists in FSL are lacking. METHODS: A market-approved CNN (Moleanalyzer-Pro, FotoFinder Systems) was used for binary classifications of 100 dermoscopic images of FSL. The same lesions were used in a two-level reader study including 64 dermatologists (level I: dermoscopy only; level II: dermoscopy, clinical close-up images, textual information). Primary endpoints were the CNN's sensitivity and specificity in comparison with the dermatologists' management decisions in level II. Generalizability of the CNN results was tested by using four additional external data sets. RESULTS: The CNN's sensitivity, specificity and ROC AUC were 96.2% [87.0%-98.9%], 68.8% [54.7%-80.1%] and 0.929 [0.880-0.978], respectively. In level II, the dermatologists' management decisions showed a mean sensitivity of 84.2% [82.2%-86.2%] and specificity of 69.4% [66.0%-72.8%]. When fixing the CNN's specificity at the dermatologists' mean specificity (69.4%), the CNN's sensitivity (96.2% [87.0%-98.9%]) was significantly higher than that of dermatologists (84.2% [82.2%-86.2%]; p < 0.001). Dermatologists of all training levels were outperformed by the CNN (all p < 0.001). In confirmation, the CNN's accuracy (83.0%) was significantly higher than dermatologists' accuracies in level II management decisions (all p < 0.001). The CNN's performance was largely confirmed in three additional external data sets but particularly showed a reduced specificity in one Australian data set including FSL on severely sun-damaged skin. CONCLUSIONS: When applied as an assistant system, the CNN's higher sensitivity at an equivalent specificity may result in an improved early detection of face and scalp skin cancers.

11.
J Dermatol Sci ; 101(2): 115-122, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Timely recognition of malignant melanoma (MM) is challenging for dermatologists worldwide and represents the main determinant for mortality. Dermoscopic examination is influenced by dermatologists' experience and fails to achieve adequate accuracy and reproducibility in discriminating atypical nevi (AN) from early melanomas (EM). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop a Deep Convolutional Neural Network (DCNN) model able to support dermatologists in the classification and management of atypical melanocytic skin lesions (aMSL). METHODS: A training set (630 images), a validation set (135) and a testing set (214) were derived from the idScore dataset of 979 challenging aMSL cases in which the dermoscopic image is integrated with clinical data (age, sex, body site and diameter) and associated with histological data. A DCNN_aMSL architecture was designed and then trained on both dermoscopic images of aMSL and the clinical/anamnestic data, resulting in the integrated "iDCNN_aMSL" model. Responses of 111 dermatologists with different experience levels on both aMSL classification (intuitive diagnosis) and management decisions (no/long follow-up; short follow-up; excision/preventive excision) were compared with the DCNNs models. RESULTS: In the lesion classification study, the iDCNN_aMSL achieved the best accuracy, reaching an AUC = 90.3 %, SE = 86.5 % and SP = 73.6 %, compared to DCNN_aMSL (SE = 89.2 %, SP = 65.7 %) and intuitive diagnosis of dermatologists (SE = 77.0 %; SP = 61.4 %). CONCLUSIONS: The iDCNN_aMSL proved to be the best support tool for management decisions reducing the ratio of inappropriate excision. The proposed iDCNN_aMSL model can represent a valid support for dermatologists in discriminating AN from EM with high accuracy and for medical decision making by reducing their rates of inappropriate excisions.

13.
Dermatol Ther ; : e14618, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33263945

RESUMO

Sarcoidosis and sarcoid-like reactions (SLRs) may develop in association with various malignancies, as well as in association to certain oncologic drugs, including immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). We aimed to perform a narrative review with regard to the development of ICIs-associated sarcoidosis or SLRs, and to discuss the corresponding diagnostic and therapeutic challenges raised in this scenario. Apropos of a melanoma patient developing SLRs while treated with ipilimumab and nivolumab, we searched for clinically evident, ICIs-associated sarcoidosis or SLRs in the English literature. We recorded the oncologic characteristics, including type of malignancy and type of ICI, the phenotypic characteristics of sarcoidosis/SLRs, as well as the impact on immunotherapy. Including our patient, we identified 80 ICIs-associated sarcoidosis or SLRs cases. Both sexes were equally affected (40 F/40 M) and the most common malignancy was melanoma (65/80, 81.3%). Concerning the oncologic treatment, there was a predilection for pembrolizumab (23/80, 28.7%), followed by the ipilimumab/nivolumab combination (21/80, 26.3%), ipilimumab (18/80, 22.5%), nivolumab (16/80, 20.0%). Although in the majority of the cases (52/80, 65.0%) there was no need for systemic prednisolone for the management of sarcoidosis, a significant proportion of patients finally discontinued ICIs treatment (44/80, 55.0%). Phenotypically, sarcoidosis and SLRs highly imitate oncologic progression posing diagnostic difficulties. A therapeutic dilemma is also raised when there is a need for systemic prednisolone, since the latter may jeopardize the therapeutic efficacy of immunotherapy. Sarcoidosis and SLRs, though rare, can present in oncologic patients treated with ICIs. Clinicians should be aware of this possibility and the related diagnostic and therapeutic challenges they have to face in this scenario.

14.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs)-mediated psoriasis poses significant diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. OBJECTIVE: To report data on ICI-mediated psoriasis, emerging from the largest so far cohort and to propose a step-by-step management algorithm. METHODS: The medical records of all patients with ICI-mediated psoriasis were retrospectively reviewed across nine institutions. RESULTS: We included a cohort of 115 individuals. Grade-1, 2 and 3 disease severity was reported in 60/105 (57.1%, 10 missing data), 34/105 (32.4%) and 11/105 (10.5%), respectively. The ratio between de novo and exacerbation cases of psoriasis was 21/90 (23.3%). The most common systemic therapy was acitretin (23 patients, 20.1%), followed by systemic steroids (8 patients, 7%), apremilast (7 patients, 6.1%), methotrexate (5 patients, 4.3%) and biologics (4 patients, 3.6%). Overall, 29/112 patients (25.9%) interrupted and 20/111 (18%) permanently discontinued ICIs due to psoriasis. BSA>10% at baseline had a 3.6 increased risk for ICIs treatment modification (OR=3.64, CI 1.27-10.45, p=0.03) and a 6.4 increased risk for permanent discontinuation (OR=6.41, CI 2.40-17.11, p<0.001). Guttate psoriasis and grade2/3 disease were significant positive predictors for antitumor response of ICI whereas pruritus was a negative predictor. LIMITATIONS: Retrospective design CONCLUSION: Acitretin, apremilast and methotrexate are safe and effective modalities for ICI-mediated psoriasis. In most cases, ICI can be completed unhindered. A therapeutic algorithm is proposed.

15.
Eur J Dermatol ; 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33258453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Omalizumab is approved for the treatment of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) not responding to antihistamines. Data on omalizumab use in real-world settings and in different populations are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To record our five-year experience of omalizumab use in patients with refractory CSU in a real-world setting. MATERIALS & METHODS: A retrospective analysis of medical records of 80 patients with refractory CSU was performed. Demographic, and clinical characteristics, patterns of response, discontinuation strategies and rate of recurrence were analysed. RESULTS: Eighty individuals were included. UAS7 and DLQI significantly decreased from baseline. Complete response was achieved in 86.3%. Late response was observed at 27.5% of the patients. After discontinuation, 21.7% of patients reinitiated omalizumab due to relapse. The mean number of omalizumab administrations up to first discontinuation was 6.8 (based on an approach to shorten the treatment interval). Only 15.0% of patients experienced adverse events during treatment. CONCLUSION: Omalizumab, with long-term management, was highly effective and safe in achieving control of refractory CSU, with more favourable responses compared to Phase III clinical trials.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314891

RESUMO

The indisputable contribution of dermatoscopy in early diagnosis of melanoma is widely recognized. In the last quinquennium, new data concerning specific melanoma subtypes have come to light. The dermatoscopic morphology of superficial spreading melanoma (SSM) has been extensively investigated in the literature. Atypical network, irregular dots, irregular globules, irregular streaks and irregular blotch correspond to histopathologic alterations at the level of the junction, blue-white veil and atypical vessels suggest intradermal growth, whereas regression structures, negative network and white shiny streaks might reflect junctional or dermal alterations. The list of melanoma specific criteria has been recently updated to include features that typify early melanoma, such as irregular hyperpigmented areas and prominent skin markings and features seen in melanoma on sun damaged skin such as angulated lines. Nodular melanoma lacks most of the aforementioned criteria and is typified by the coexistence of blue and black color, atypical vessels and pink color. Lentigo maligna dermatoscopic criteria mainly develop at the outline of the follicular openings. However, at an early stage these features might be very subtle and the diagnosis should be based on the exclusion of benign tumors (inverse approach). Acral lentiginous melanoma is typified by a parallel ridge pattern, but also SSM criteria should be taken into consideration. The diagnosis of subungual melanoma is based on the assessment of the color and characteristics of the pigmented nail band. For the diagnosis of mucosal melanoma, the assessment of colors is more informative than the assessment of structures and the detection of blue, white or gray should raise the suspicion of melanoma. White shiny streaks and regression structures are the most common features of desmoplastic melanoma. The diagnosis of nevoid melanoma might be highly challenging and require information on the lesion's history. Melanoma on small- and medium-sized congenital nevi is typified by an eccentric location of the suspicious area, negative network and gray angulated lines. Recent advances in knowledge on the dermatoscopic characteristics of peculiar subtypes of the tumor significantly enrich the diagnostic armamentarium of clinicians. The challenge of the forthcoming years is to better characterize biologically aggressive melanomas and to optimize the screening strategies so as to identify them.

17.
Eur J Dermatol ; 30(6): 688-698, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33319764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dermoscopy has been shown to be a useful supportive tool to assist the diagnosis of several non-neoplastic dermatoses (i.e. inflammatory, infiltrative and infectious skin diseases), yet data on skin of colour is still limited. OBJECTIVES: To characterize dermoscopic features of non-neoplastic dermatoses in dark-skinned patients in order to identify possible clues that may facilitate the differential diagnosis of clinically similar conditions. MATERIALS & METHODS: Members of the International Dermoscopy Society were invited to submit cases of any non-neoplastic dermatosis developing in patients with Fitzpatrick Phototypes V-VI whose diagnosis had been confirmed by the corresponding gold standard diagnostic test. A standardized assessment of the dermoscopic images and a comparative analysis according to clinical presentation were performed. Seven clinical categories were identified: (I) papulosquamous dermatoses; (II) facial hyperpigmented dermatoses; (III) extra-facial hyperpigmented dermatoses; (IV) hypopigmented dermatoses; (V) granulomatous dermatoses; (VI) sclerotic dermatoses; and (VII) facial inflammatory dermatoses. RESULTS: A total of 653 patients (541 and 112 with Phototype V and VI, respectively) were recruited for the analysis. Thirty-six statistically significant dermoscopic features were identified for papulosquamous dermatoses, 24 for facial hyperpigmented disorders, 12 for extra-facial hyperpigmented disorders, 17 for hypopigmented disorders, eight for granulomatous dermatoses, four for sclerotic dermatoses and 17 for facial inflammatory diseases. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that dermoscopy might be a useful tool in assisting the diagnosis of clinically similar non-neoplastic dermatoses in dark phototypes by revealing characteristic clues. Study limitations include the retrospective design, the lack of a direct dermoscopic-histological correlation analysis and the small sample size for less common diseases.


Assuntos
Dermoscopia , Dermatopatias/patologia , Pigmentação da Pele , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sociedades Médicas
19.
Dermatol Ther ; : e14514, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166029

RESUMO

The skin is the most common organ of involvement during the course of lupus erythematosus (LE). The literature data concerning the dermatoscopic patterns of the different clinical variants of cutaneous LE (CLE), namely chronic (CCLE), subacute (SCLE), and acute (ACLE), are scarce. To determine the dermatoscopic spectrum of CLE and to correlate the dermatoscopic features with the histological findings. This was a retrospective, observational, multicenter, cohort study. We evaluated the dermatoscopic features in a cohort of patients diagnosed with CLE. Furthermore, we investigated their frequency per clinical subtype and correlated them with the anatomic alterations. We included 79 patients. The most prevalent dermatoscopic features of CCLE included follicular plugs (86.4%, P < .01), patchy distribution (75%, P = .1) of mostly linear curved vessels (56.8%, P = .8), white scales (68.2%, P < .01), and structureless white color (68.2%, P < .01). The most common criteria of SCLE were patchy distribution (90%, P = .1) of mostly linear curved vessels (53.3%, P = .8) and fine white scales (60%, P < .01), while ACLE was characterized by erythema (100%, P < .05) and patchy distribution (100%, P = .1) of mostly dotted vessels (60%, P = .4). Follicular plugs/rosettes in dermatoscopy strongly correlated with follicular plugs in histology (rho = 0.919). Hyperkeratosis significantly correlated with white (rho = 0.644) and yellow/brown scales (rho = 0.225), telangiectasia with linear curved vessels (rho = 0.321) and white color with dermal fibrosis (rho = 0.623). Depending on CLE subtype, distinct dermatoscopic patterns are recognized. In CLE there is a high correlation between certain dermatoscopic criteria and the underneath anatomic alteration.

20.
Int J Dermatol ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of published data on the dermoscopic morphology of lip squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and its variability according to the histological differentiation degree and patient's ethnicity as per skin phototype. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the dermoscopic features of SCC of the lips and identify possible dermoscopic clues that may aid in differentiation between well-differentiated, moderately-differentiated, and poorly-differentiated lesions, as well as between "fair" skin (Fitzpatrick skin phototypes I-III) and "dark" skin (Fitzpatrick skin phototypes IV-VI). METHODS: The clinical profile and dermoscopic images of patients of any age and either gender with histologically confirmed lip SCC collated from seven dermatological centers were retrospectively evaluated for dermoscopic clues as per certain predefined criteria. RESULTS: A total of 60 lesions from 60 patients were included in the analysis. Histologically, well, moderate, and poordifferentiation were seen in 24 (40%), 14 (23.3%), and 22 (36.7%) of the lesions, respectively. Other than the presence of brown-to-gray dots/globules, which was exclusively seen in cases with dark phototypes (19.4% P = 0.035), no other dermoscopic feature was statistically significant in differentiating between the two skin types. Some dermoscopic findings were observed specifically with statistical significance: perivascular white halos (P = 0.049) and whitish-yellow background in well-differentiated lesions (P = 0.003); pink background in moderately-differentiated lesions (P = 0.003); and red background with dense vascularity in poorly-differentiated lesions (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of vessels, scale/crust, and keratinization-associated white structures were the most common dermoscopic clues in lip SCC.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...