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1.
Hum Pathol ; 89: 51-61, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054893

RESUMO

Childhood pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is a rare disease. Its pulmonary histopathology, according to comprehensive clinical-radiological findings and BRAFV600E mutation status, has not yet been thoroughly documented. From the 167 childhood PLCH cases entered in the French National Histiocytosis Registry (1983-2016), we retrieved lung biopsies from a consecutive retrospective series of 17 patients, diagnosed when they were 2 weeks to 16 years old (median, 9.4 years), and report the clinical and histopathological findings herein. Histological analyses of biopsies (16 surgical and 1 postmortem) found the following features, alone or associated: Langerhans cell (LC) nodules with cavitation (9/17), cysts (14/17), fibrotic scars (2/17), peribronchiolar topographic distribution of the lesions (10/17), and accessory changes, like stretch emphysema (7/17). Those characteristics closely resemble those describing adult PLCH. However, unusual findings observed were 2 large nodules and a diffuse interstitial LC infiltrate. BRAFV600E mutation was detected in 4 of 12 samples tested, notably in the 3 with unusual features. In conclusion, childhood PLCH mostly shares the common histology features already described in adult PLCH, regardless of age. Because smoking is considered the major trigger in PLCH pathogenesis, the findings based on this series suggest other inducers of bronchiolar LC recruitment, especially in very young patients.

2.
Br J Haematol ; 183(4): 608-617, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30421536

RESUMO

Neurodegenerative (ND) complications in Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) are a late-onset but dramatic sequelae for which incidence and risk factors are not well defined. Based on a national prospective registry of paediatric LCH patients, we determined the incidence rate of clinical ND LCH (cND-LCH) and analysed risk factors, taking into account disease extent and molecular characteristics. Among 1897 LCH patients, 36 (1·9%) were diagnosed with a cND-LCH. The 10-year cumulative incidence of cND-LCH was 4·1%. cND-LCH typically affected patients previously treated for a multisystem, risk organ-negative LCH, represented in 69·4% of cND-LCH cases. Pituitary gland, skin and base skull/orbit bone lesions were more frequent (P < 0·001) in cND-LCH patients compared to those without cND-LCH (respectively 86·1% vs. 12·2%, 75·0% vs. 34·2%, and 63·9% vs. 28·4%). The 'cND susceptible patients' (n = 671) i.e., children who had experienced LCH disease with pituitary or skull base or orbit bone involvement, had a 10-year cND risk of 7·8% vs. 0% for patients who did not meet these criteria. Finally, BRAFV 600E status added important information among these cND susceptible patients, with the 10-year cND risk of 33·1% if a BRAFV 600E mutation was present compared to 2·9% if it was absent (P = 0·002).

3.
Haematologica ; 103(7): 1143-1149, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29599204

RESUMO

In this retrospective study, we evaluate long-term complications in nearly all ß-thalassemia-major patients who successfully received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in France. Ninety-nine patients were analyzed with a median age of 5.9 years at transplantation. The median duration of clinical follow up was 12 years. All conditioning regimens were myeloablative, most were based on busulfan combined with cyclophosphamide, and more than 90% of patients underwent a transplant from a matched sibling donor. After transplantation, 11% of patients developed thyroid dysfunction, 5% diabetes, and 2% heart failure. Hypogonadism was present in 56% of females and 14% of males. Female patients who went on to normal puberty after transplant were significantly younger at transplantation than those who experienced delayed puberty (median age 2.5 vs 8.7 years). Fertility was preserved in 9 of 27 females aged 20 years or older and 2 other patients became pregnant following oocyte donation. In addition to patient's age and higher serum ferritin levels at transplantation, time elapsed since transplant was significantly associated with decreased height growth in multivariate analysis. Weight growth increased after transplantation particularly in females, 36% of adults being overweight at last evaluation. A comprehensive long-term monitoring, especially of endocrine late effects, is required after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for thalassemia.

4.
Br J Haematol ; 177(1): 106-115, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28220934

RESUMO

Advanced stage nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (nLPHL) is extremely rare in children and as a consequence, optimal treatment for this group of patients has not been established. Here we retrospectively evaluated the treatments and treatment outcomes of 41 of our patients from the UK and France with advanced stage nLPHL. Most patients received chemotherapy, some with the addition of the anti CD20 antibody rituximab or radiotherapy. Chemotherapy regimens were diverse and followed either classical Hodgkin lymphoma or B non-Hodgkin lymphoma protocols. All 41 patients achieved a complete remission with first line treatment and 40 patients are alive and well in remission. Eight patients subsequently relapsed and 1 patient died of secondary cancer (9 progression-free survival events). The median time to progression for those who progressed was 21 months (5·9-73·8). The median time since last diagnosis is 87·3 months (8·44-179·20). Thirty-six (90%), 30 (75%) and 27 (68%) patients have been in remission for more than 12, 24 and 36 months, respectively. Overall, the use of rituximab combined with multi-agent chemotherapy as first line treatment seems to be a reasonable therapeutic option.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Adolescente , Biópsia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Imagem Multimodal , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Recidiva , Retratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Clin Oncol ; 34(25): 3023-30, 2016 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27382093

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an inflammatory myeloid neoplasia with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations and outcomes in children. The somatic BRAF(V600E) mutation occurs frequently, but clinical significance remains to be determined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: BRAF(V600E) mutation was investigated in a French LCH cohort. We analyzed associations between mutation status and clinical presentation, extent of disease, reactivation rate, response to therapy, and long-term permanent sequelae. RESULTS: Among 315 patients with successfully determined BRAF status, 173 (54.6%) carried a BRAF(V600E) mutation. Patients with BRAF(V600E) manifested more severe disease than did those with wild-type BRAF. Patients with BRAF(V600E) comprised 87.8% of patients (43 of 49) with multisystem LCH with risk organ involvement (liver, spleen, hematology), 68.6% of patients (35 of 51) with multisystem LCH without risk organ involvement, 43.9% of patients (86 of 196) with single-system LCH, and 42.1% of patients (8 of 19) with lung-involved LCH (P < .001). BRAF(V600E) mutation was also associated with organ involvement that could lead to permanent, irreversible damage, such as neurologic (75%) and pituitary (72.9%) injuries. Compared with patients with wild-type BRAF, patients with BRAF(V600E) more commonly displayed resistance to combined vinblastine and corticosteroid therapy (21.9% v 3.3%; P = .001), showed a higher reactivation rate (5-year reactivation rate, 42.8% v 28.1%; P = .006), and had more permanent, long-term consequences from disease or treatment (27.9% v 12.6%; P = .001). CONCLUSION: In children with LCH, BRAF(V600E) mutation was associated with high-risk features, permanent injury, and poor short-term response to chemotherapy. Further population-based studies should be undertaken to confirm our observations and to assess the impact of BRAF inhibitors for this subgroup of patients who may benefit from targeted therapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/tratamento farmacológico , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/enzimologia , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/antagonistas & inibidores , Sistema de Registros , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem
7.
Br J Haematol ; 174(6): 887-98, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27273725

RESUMO

The French national cohort of children with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) has included 1478 patients since it was established in 1983. LCH therapeutic strategies substantially changed in 1998, so we have divided the cohort into two 15-year periods. Starting in 1998, therapy duration increased from 6 to 12 months, repeated induction therapy was performed in cases showing a poor response to the first induction with vinblastine and steroids, and refractory disease in a risk organ (RO+) was treated with cladribine and cytarabine. A total of 483 (33%) patients were enrolled before 1998, and 995 (67%) after 1998. Five-year survival was 96·6% (95% confidence interval: 95·4-97·5%) overall, improving from 92% pre-1998 to 99% post-1998 (P < 0·001 adjusted to disease extent). This change was supported by an increase in 5-year survival from 60% to 92% in the RO+ group. Survival was particularly associated with cladribine and cytarabine among refractory RO+ patients. Disease reactivation was slightly less frequent after 1998, due to better enrolment of single-system patients, extended therapy duration, and more efficient second-line therapy. The crude rates of endocrine and neurological sequelae (the most frequent sequelae) appeared to improve over time, but this difference was not observed when the analysis was stratified by disease extent.


Assuntos
Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , França/epidemiologia , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/diagnóstico , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/mortalidade , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Vigilância da População , Padrão de Cuidado , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Bull Cancer ; 101(9): 881-90, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25296072

RESUMO

Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin disease (NLPHL) differs clearly from classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) by clinical presentation and more favorable outcome. Patients often present with early stage IA or IIA. Extranodal disease and B-symptoms are uncommon. Histologically, NLPHL is characterized by the presence of atypical "lymphocyte predominant cells" (LP cells) or "pop-corn" cells in a non-neoplastic and reactionnal nodular background of small mature B-lymphocytes. LP cells are negative for CD30 and positive for CD20, BCL6 and EMA (in half of the cases). FDG-PET plays an important role in evaluation of cHL and NLPHL for staging, therapy assessment and relapse. Historically, patients with NLPHL have been treated like patients with cHL, but their very favorable prognosis and the risk of late complications of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy have led to a de-escalation in recent years. Patients with early stage could be treated by surgical adenectomy alone or associated with not intensive chemotherapy. Currently, there is no consensus regarding to the optimal treatment of patients with advanced stage. Rituximab used as monotherapy or in association with chemotherapy has achieved complete or partial responses. The outcome of NLPHL is singular by the frequent occurrence of late relapses and the risk of transformation into aggressive B lymphoma justifying an extended follow-up. Further prospective studies are needed to optimize treatment of these advanced and recurrent forms.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Doença de Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Rituximab
9.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 60(11): 1759-65, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23813854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mediastinal involvement (MI) in Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) has been rarely reported. Here, we describe the clinical, radiological, and biological presentation, and the outcome of childhood LCH with MI. METHOD: From the French LCH register, which includes 1,423 patients aged less than 18 years, we retrieved the medical charts of patients with mediastinal enlargement detected on chest X-rays. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients were retrieved, including 18 males; median age of diagnosis was 0.7 years, and median follow-up time was 6.2 years. The prevalence of MI varied with the age at diagnosis, ranging from 7% below 1 year old to less than 1% at >5 years. Thirteen cases (35%) were diagnosed because of MI-related symptoms, including respiratory distress (N = 4), superior venous cava syndrome (N = 2), and/or cough and polypnea (N = 10). CT scans performed in 32 cases at diagnosis showed tracheal compression (N = 5), cava thrombosis (N = 2), and/or calcification (N = 16). All patients presented multi-system disease at LCH diagnosis, and 35/37 were initially treated with vinblastine and corticosteroids. Death occurred in five cases, due to MI (N = 1) or hematological refractory involvement (N = 4). The overall 5-year survival was 87.1%, and immunodeficiency was not detected as a sequel. CONCLUSIONS: MI in LCH mainly occurs in young children, and diagnosis was based on CT showing thymus enlargement and calcifications.


Assuntos
Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Timo/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , França , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mediastino/patologia
10.
Br J Haematol ; 158(5): 649-56, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22757721

RESUMO

There is little data available regarding children and adolescents with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) who relapse after combined-modality treatment, even though they have a substantial chance of cure. The purpose of this national retrospective study was to evaluate the outcome of patients with recurrent/refractory HL and determine adverse prognostic factors. From 1990 to 2006, 70 patients (median age 13·9 years) with refractory (n = 31) or first relapse (n = 39) HL were identified. Median time from end of treatment to relapse was 6 months (3-56). Relapses occurred in irradiated areas in 43/70 patients. Salvage therapy consisted of chemotherapy and 50 patients received high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation. Radiotherapy was performed in 29 cases, tandem autologous transplantation in five and allograft in three. With a median follow-up of 40 months (2-140), significant prognostic factors were time to progression/relapse and response to therapy before autograft. Event-free survival and overall survival in patients with refractory disease, early relapse and late relapse were 35 ± 9%, 67 ± 11%, 76 ± 10% and 48 ± 11%, 89 ± 7% and 80 ± 10%, respectively. As progression <3 months was a major adverse prognostic factor, novel therapeutic approaches are needed for this group of patients. By contrast, patients have substantial chance of long term second remission in case of relapse >3 months.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada/mortalidade , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Haematologica ; 97(9): 1312-9, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22491737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with the Shwachman-Diamond syndrome often develop hematologic complications. No risk factors for these complications have so far been identified. The aim of this study was to classify the hematologic complications occurring in patients with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome and to investigate the risk factors for these complications. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and two patients with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome, with a median follow-up of 11.6 years, were studied. Major hematologic complications were considered in the case of definitive severe cytopenia (i.e. anemia <7 g/dL or thrombocytopenia <20 × 10(9)/L), classified as malignant (myelodysplasia/leukemia) according to the 2008 World Health Organization classification or as non-malignant. RESULTS: Severe cytopenia was observed in 21 patients and classified as malignant severe cytopenia (n=9), non-malignant severe cytopenia (n=9) and malignant severe cytopenia preceded by non-malignant severe cytopenia (n=3). The 20-year cumulative risk of severe cytopenia was 24.3% (95% confidence interval: 15.3%-38.5%). Young age at first symptoms (<3 months) and low hematologic parameters both at diagnosis of the disease and during the follow-up were associated with severe hematologic complications (P<0.001). Fifteen novel SBDS mutations were identified. Genotype analysis showed no discernible prognostic value. CONCLUSIONS Patients with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome with very early symptoms or cytopenia at diagnosis (even mild anemia or thrombocytopenia) should be considered at a high risk of severe hematologic complications, malignant or non-malignant. Transient severe cytopenia or an indolent cytogenetic clone had no deleterious value.


Assuntos
Doenças da Medula Óssea/complicações , Insuficiência Pancreática Exócrina/complicações , Doenças Hematológicas/classificação , Doenças Hematológicas/etiologia , Lipomatose/complicações , Doenças da Medula Óssea/mortalidade , Insuficiência Pancreática Exócrina/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , França , Doenças Hematológicas/mortalidade , Humanos , Lactente , Lipomatose/mortalidade , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
Eur J Cancer ; 48(11): 1700-6, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22093944

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine whether three cycles of a low-intensity chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide [500 mg/m(2) - day 1], vinblastine [6 mg/m(2) - days 1 and 8] and prednisolone [40 mg/m(2) - days 1-7] (CVP) is safe and therapeutically effective in children and adolescents with early stage nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma [nLPHL]. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-five children and adolescents with early stage nLPHL [median age 13 years, range 4-17 years] diagnosed between June 2005 and October 2010 in the UK and France are the subjects of this report. Staging investigations included conventional cross sectional as well as 18 fluro-deoxyglucose [FDG] PET imaging. Histology was confirmed as nLPHL by an expert pathology panel. RESULTS: Of the 45 patients, who received CVP as first line treatment, 36 [80%, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: (68; 92)] either achieved a complete remission [CR] or CR unconfirmed [CRu], the remaining nine patients achieved a partial response. All nine subsequently achieved CR with salvage chemotherapy [n=7] or radiotherapy [n=2]. Ten patients received CVP at relapse after primary treatment that consisted of surgery alone and all achieved CR. To date, only three patients have relapsed after CVP chemotherapy and all had received CVP as first line treatment at initial diagnosis. The 40-month freedom from treatment failure and overall survival for the entire cohort were 75.4% (SE ± 6%) and 100%, respectively. No significant early toxicity was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that CVP is an effective chemotherapy regimen in children and adolescents with early stage nLPHL that is well tolerated with minimal acute toxicity.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem
13.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 6: 83, 2011 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22151964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vinblastine (VBL) is the standard treatment for systemic Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), but little is known about its efficacy in central nervous system (CNS) mass lesions. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted. Twenty patients from the French LCH Study Group register met the inclusion criteria. In brief, they had CNS mass lesions, had been treated with VBL, and were evaluable for radiologic response. RESULTS: The median age at diagnosis of LCH was 11.5 years (range: 1-50). Intravenous VBL 6 mg/m2 was given in a 6-week induction treatment, followed by a maintenance treatment. The median total duration was 12 months (range: 3-30). Eleven patients received steroids concomitantly. Fifteen patients achieved an objective response; five had a complete response (CR: 25%), ten had a partial response (PR: 50%), four had stable disease (SD: 20%) and one patient progressed (PD: 5%). Of interest, four out of the six patients who received VBL without concomitant steroids achieved an objective response. With a median follow-up of 6.8 years, the 5-year event-free and overall survival was 61% and 84%, respectively. VBL was well-tolerated and there were no patient withdrawals due to adverse events. CONCLUSION: VBL, with or without steroids, could potentially be a useful therapeutic option in LCH with CNS mass lesions, especially for those with inoperable lesions or multiple lesions. Prospective clinical trials are warranted for the evaluation of VBL in this indication.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/tratamento farmacológico , Vimblastina/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Sistema Nervoso Central/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/mortalidade , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Int J Cancer ; 129(9): 2236-47, 2011 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21170962

RESUMO

The study investigated the role of factors considered related to the early stimulation of the immune system in the aetiology of childhood lymphoma. The national registry-based case-control study, Escale, was carried out in France over the period 2003-2004. Population controls were frequency matched with the cases on age and gender. Data were obtained from structured telephone questionnaires administered to mothers. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated using unconditional regression models adjusted for potential confounders. Data from 128 cases of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) aged 5-14 years, 164 cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) aged 2-14 years and 1,312 controls were analyzed. Negative associations were observed between HL and day care attendance [OR = 0.5 (0.2-1.2)] and between HL and repeated early common infections among non-breastfed children [OR = 0.3 (.2-0.7), p = 0.003] [OR for breastfed children: 1.0 (.5-2.1)], but not for the other factors investigated. Negative associations were observed between NHL and birth order 3 or more [OR = 0.7 (0.4-1.1)], prolonged breastfeeding [OR = 0.5 (0.3-1.0)], regular contact with farm animals [OR = 0.5 (0.3-1.0)], frequent farm visits in early life [OR = 0.6 (0.4-1.1)] and history of asthma [OR = 0.6 (0.3-1.1)]. In conclusion, the results partly support the hypothesis that an abnormal maturation of the immune system may play a role in childhood HL or NHL, and call for further investigations.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/imunologia , Humanos , Linfoma não Hodgkin/imunologia , Masculino , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco
15.
Am J Epidemiol ; 172(9): 1015-27, 2010 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20807738

RESUMO

This study investigated the role of factors considered related to early stimulation of the immune system in the etiology of childhood acute leukemia. The national registry-based case-control study ESCALE was carried out in France in 2003-2004. Population controls were frequency matched to cases on age and gender. Data were obtained from structured telephone questionnaires administered to mothers. Odds ratios were estimated using unconditional regression models adjusted for potential confounders. Included were 634 acute lymphoblastic leukemia cases, 86 acute myeloblastic leukemia cases, and 1,494 controls aged ≥1 year. Negative associations were observed between acute lymphoblastic leukemia and birth order (P for trend < 0.0001), attendance at a day-care center before age 1 year (odds ratio (OR) = 0.8, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.6, 1.1), prolonged breastfeeding (OR = 0.7, 95% CI: 0.5, 1.0), repeated early common infections (OR = 0.7, 95% CI: 0.6, 0.9), regular contact with farm animals (OR = 0.6, 95% CI: 0.5, 0.8), frequent farm visits in early life (OR = 0.4, 95% CI: 0.3, 0.6), and history of asthma (OR = 0.7, 95% CI: 0.4, 1.0) or eczema (OR = 0.7, 95% CI: 0.6, 0.9). Results support the hypothesis that repeated early infections and asthma may play a role against childhood acute leukemia.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Infecção/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Animais , Asma/epidemiologia , Ordem de Nascimento , Aleitamento Materno , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Creches , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Análise de Regressão , Projetos de Pesquisa , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Cancer Causes Control ; 19(10): 1277-90, 2008 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18618277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Investigating the role of parental smoking and maternal alcohol consumption in the etiology of childhood hematopoietic malignancies. METHODS: The national registry-based case-control study ESCALE was carried out in France over the period 2003-2004. Population controls were frequency matched with the cases on age and gender. Maternal smoking and alcohol consumption during pregnancy and paternal smoking since before conception were reported by the mothers in a structured telephone questionnaire. Odds ratios (OR) were estimated using unconditional regression models closely adjusted for potential confounders. RESULTS: A total of 765 cases of acute leukemia (AL), 130 of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL), 165 of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and 1681 controls were included. Paternal smoking was significantly associated with childhood ALL (OR = 1.4 [1.1-1.7]), AML (OR = 1.5 [1.0-2.3]), Burkitt (OR = 2.0 [1.2-3.2]), and anaplastic large cell (OR = 3.2 [1.2-9.1]) NHL. For the four diseases, the ORs significantly increased with the number of cigarettes smoked. No association with HL or with other types of NHL was observed. The associations with maternal alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking during pregnancy were less consistent. CONCLUSION: The results support the hypothesis that only paternal smoking, and not maternal alcohol consumption or cigarette smoking, plays a role in childhood hematopoietic malignancies.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/classificação , Neoplasias Hematológicas/epidemiologia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Linfoma de Burkitt/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Doença de Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Incidência , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Modelos Logísticos , Linfoma não Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Masculino , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Razão de Chances , Exposição Paterna/efeitos adversos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Gravidez , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 14(6): 531-40, 2005 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16284498

RESUMO

Metabolic polymorphisms may influence the risk of childhood leukaemia related to maternal tobacco, coffee or alcohol consumption. The data were extracted from a case-control study including 280 cases of acute leukaemia and 288 controls. Blood sampling was obtained for a representative subset of 219 cases and 105 controls. Gene-environment interactions were estimated using both case-control and case-only analyses. The polymorphisms of CYP1A1, GSTM1, GSTP1, GSTT1 and NQO1 were not associated with the risk of leukaemia. The slow EPHX1 allele was negatively associated with childhood leukaemia while an inverse non-significant association was observed with the fast EPHX1 allele. Maternal smoking during pregnancy was not related to leukaemia, but an interaction was observed in the case-only analysis with CYP1A1*2A variant allele (odds ratio (OR) 2.2 [1.0-4.9]) and with GSTM1 deletion (OR 2.3 [1.2-4.4]). Conversely, coffee drinking interacted negatively with NQO1 polymorphism in the case-only analysis (OR 0.6 [0.3-1.2] and 0.4 [0.1-1.0] for light and heavy coffee consumptions, respectively). This study suggests that maternal smoking may be a risk factor for leukaemia in children who carry CYP1A1 or GSTM1 genotypes, which might increase reactive metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.


Assuntos
Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/genética , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Leucemia/etiologia , Leucemia/genética , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Café , Feminino , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo Genético , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos
19.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 24(9): 714-6, 2002 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12468910

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Infection remains one of the most important complications in cancer therapy. The choice of antibiotics and the method of administration can affect results. Beta-lactam antibiotics can be administered by several short injections per day or by continuous infusion. The latter modality may provide superior pharmacokinetics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors studied the pharmacokinetics of ceftazidime in children treated for malignancy and in febrile aplasia after chemotherapy. They received a continuous infusion of ceftazidime (200 mg/kg/day) after a loading dose (65 mg/kg/day) administered with amikacin (25 mg/kg/day) and vancomycin (50 mg/kg/day). RESULTS Twenty-three pharmacokinetic studies were performed. Mean ceftazidime serum levels were 31.1 +/- 11.9, 31.2 +/- 10, 32.4 +/- 11.6, 33 +/- 11.6, and 30.4 +/- 12.1 mg/L at 25, 27, 30, 36, and 43 hours, respectively. Treatment was tolerated well. There were no toxic or infectious deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Ceftazidime's time-dependent pharmacokinetics shows the advantage of continuous infusion. This study confirmed the feasibility and safety of this administration schedule in the empiric treatment of febrile neutropenic children with cancer.


Assuntos
Ceftazidima/farmacocinética , Ceftazidima/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/sangue , Antibacterianos/farmacocinética , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Ceftazidima/administração & dosagem , Ceftazidima/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Febre/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Infusões Intravenosas , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente
20.
Eur J Pediatr ; 161(7): 390-2, 2002 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12111192

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: We report on the development of auto-immune pancytopenia in a child with DiGeorge syndrome carrying the 22q11 microdeletion. She had congenital heart disease, dysmorphic facies, thymic hypoplasia, immunodeficiency, velopharyngeal insufficiency, scoliosis, and a hearing deficit. She had a low T-cell count with a normal CD4/CD8 ratio, IgA deficiency and a normal lymphoblastic response to mitogens. She has presented with pancytopenia since 10 years of age (leucocytes 3,300/mm(3), haemoglobin 107 g/l, platelets 80,000/mm(3)). Platelet-associated antibodies, anti-neutrophil antibodies and Coombs' positive red cells were present. At 14 years of age, she presented with a severe episode of haemolysis with pancytopenia. Steroids were effective in treating the pancytopenia at a dose of 2 mg/kg per day for 6 weeks. Since 15 years of age, she has had episodes of acrocyanosis. At 16 years of age, she still had mild pancytopenia without any treatment. CONCLUSION: the clinical spectrum of the 22q11 microdeletion syndrome is very broad. This case suggests that auto-immune disease such as pancytopenia is part of the 22q11 microdeletion syndrome.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Cromossomos Humanos Par 22 , Síndrome de DiGeorge/diagnóstico , Síndrome de DiGeorge/imunologia , Pancitopenia/diagnóstico , Pancitopenia/imunologia , Adolescente , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Criança , Síndrome de DiGeorge/complicações , Síndrome de DiGeorge/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Deleção de Genes , Humanos , Pancitopenia/complicações , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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