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1.
Am Heart J ; 222: 131-138, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In adults, the most common cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) is acute coronary artery occlusion. If an immediate coronary angiogram (CAG) is recommended for survivors presenting a ST segment elevation on the electrocardiogram (ECG) performed after resuscitation, there is still a debate regarding the best strategy in patients without ST segment elevation. HYPOTHESIS: Performing an immediate CAG after an OHCA without ST segment elevation on the post-resuscitation ECG and no obvious non-cardiac cause of arrest could lead to a better 180-day survival rate with no or minimal neurological sequel as compared with a delayed CAG performed 48 to 96 hours after the arrest. DESIGN: The EMERGE trial is a prospective national, randomized, open and parallel group trial, in which 970 survivors of OHCA will be randomized (1:1) to either immediate (as soon as possible after return of spontaneous circulation) or delayed (48 to 96 h) CAG. Participants will be OHCA patients with no ST segment elevation on the post resuscitation ECG and no obvious non-cardiac cause of arrest. The primary endpoint of the study is the 180-day survival rate with no or minimal neurological sequel corresponding to Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) 1 or 2. The secondary endpoints are: occurrence of shock during the first 48 hours, ventricular tachycardia and/or fibrillation during the first 48 hours, change in left ventricular ejection fraction between baseline and 180 days assessed by echocardiogram, neurological status evaluated by the CPC score at intensive care unit (ICU) discharge and day 90 neurological status assessed by the Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended score (GOSE) at 90 and 180 days, overall survival rate, and hospital length of stay. SUMMARY: The EMERGE trial is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial that will assess the 180-day survival rate with no or minimal neurologic sequel in patients resuscitated from an OHCA without ST segment elevation and who will be managed with either immediate or delayed CAG.

3.
Int J Artif Organs ; 43(2): 87-93, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509049

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Continuous renal replacement therapy is not presently recommended in the treatment of life-threatening hyperkalemia. There are no specific recommendations in hemodialysis to treat hyperkalemia. We hypothesized an in vitro model may provide valuable information on the usefulness of continuous renal replacement therapy to treat severe hyperkalemia. METHODS: A potassium-free solute was used instead of diluted blood for continuous renal replacement therapy with a simulated blood flowrate set at 200 mL/min. The mode of elimination included continuous filtration, continuous dialysis, and continuous diafiltration using a flowrate of 4000 mL/min for continuous filtration and continuous dialysis modes, and a ratio of 2500/1500 in the continuous diafiltration mode. RESULTS: The mean initial potassium in the central compartment was 10.1 ± 0.4 mmol/L. The clearances in the continuous diafiltration, continuous filtration, and continuous dialysis were 3.4 ± 0.5, 3.6 ± 0.1, and 3.7 ± 0.1 L/h, respectively, not significantly different. Continuous dialysis resulted in the lowest workload for staff. Increasing the continuous dialysis flowrates from 2000 to 8000 mL/h increased clearance from 2.3 ± 0.3 to 6.2 ± 0.8 L/h. The delays in decreasing the potassium concentration to 5.5 mmol/L dropped from 120 to 45 min, respectively. Potassium eliminated in the first hour increased from 18 to 38 mmol that compared favorably with hemodialysis. Decrease in simulated blood flowrate from 200 to 50 mL/min moderately but significantly decreased the clearance from 3.7 to 3.0 L/h. CONCLUSION: Hyperkalemia is efficiently treated by continuous renal replacement therapy using the dialysis mode. Caution is needed to prevent the onset of severe hypokalemia within 40 min after initiation of the session.

4.
Resuscitation ; 147: 34-42, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857140

RESUMO

AIM: Coronary artery disease (CAD) has recently been emphasized as a major cause of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in young adults. We aim to assess the rate of immediate coronary angiography performance in young patients resuscitated from SCA. METHODS: From May 2011 to May 2017, all cases of out-of-hospital SCA aged 18-40 years alive at hospital admission were prospectively included in 48 hospitals of the Great Paris area. Cardiovascular causes of SCA were centrally adjudicated, and management including immediate coronary angiography performance was assessed. RESULTS: Out of 3579 SCA admitted alive, 409 (11.4%) patients were under 40 years of age (32.3 ± 6.2 years, 69.7% males), with 244 patients having a definite cause identified. Among those, CAD accounted for 72 (29.5%) cases, of which 64 (88.9%) were acute coronary syndromes. The rate of immediate coronary angiography was only 41.7% compared to 65.1% among those ≥40-years (P < 0.001). During the study period, while the rate of immediate coronary angiography increased from 60.5% to 70.3% (P < 0.001) in patients aged ≥40 years, the rate in patients aged less than 40 years remained stable (43.5% to 45.3%, P = 0.795). Patients younger than 40 years were significantly less likely to undergo immediate coronary angiography (OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.25-0.47), although early angiography was associated with survival at hospital discharge (OR = 2.68, 95% CI: 1.21-6.00). CONCLUSION: CAD is the first cause of SCA in young adults aged less than 40 years. The observed low rates of immediate coronary angiography suggest a missed opportunity for early intervention.

5.
Crit Care ; 23(1): 391, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796127

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Recent doubts regarding the efficacy may have resulted in a loss of interest for targeted temperature management (TTM) in comatose cardiac arrest (CA) patients, with uncertain consequences on outcome. We aimed to identify a change in TTM use and to assess the relationship between this change and neurological outcome. METHODS: We used Utstein data prospectively collected in the Sudden Death Expertise Center (SDEC) registry (capturing CA data from all secondary and tertiary hospitals located in the Great Paris area, France) between May 2011 and December 2017. All cases of non-traumatic OHCA patients with stable return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) were included. After adjustment for potential confounders, we assessed the relationship between changes over time in the use of TTM and neurological recovery at discharge using the Cerebral Performance Categories (CPC) scale. RESULTS: Between May 2011 and December 2017, 3925 patients were retained in the analysis, of whom 1847 (47%) received TTM. The rate of good neurological outcome at discharge (CPC 1 or 2) was higher in TTM patients as compared with no TTM (33% vs 15%, P < 0.001). Gender, age, and location of CA did not change over the years. Bystander CPR increased from 55% in 2011 to 73% in 2017 (P < 0.001) and patients with a no-flow time longer than 3 min decreased from 53 to 38% (P < 0.001). The use of TTM decreased from 55% in 2011 to 37% in 2017 (P < 0.001). Meanwhile, the rate of patients with good neurological recovery remained stable (19 to 23%, P = 0.76). After adjustment, year of CA occurrence was not associated with outcome. CONCLUSIONS: We report a progressive decrease in the use of TTM in post-cardiac arrest patients over the recent years. During this period, neurological outcome remained stable, despite an increase in bystander-initiated resuscitation and a decrease in "no flow" duration.

6.
Eur Heart J ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670793

RESUMO

AIMS: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) without return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) despite conventional resuscitation is common and has poor outcomes. Adding extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (extracorporeal-CPR) is increasingly used in an attempt to improve outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed a prospective registry of 13 191 OHCAs in the Paris region from May 2011 to January 2018. We compared survival at hospital discharge with and without extracorporeal-CPR and identified factors associated with survival in patients given extracorporeal-CPR. Survival was 8% in 525 patients given extracorporeal-CPR and 9% in 12 666 patients given conventional-CPR (P = 0.91). By adjusted multivariate analysis, extracorporeal-CPR was not associated with hospital survival [odds ratio (OR), 1.3; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.8-2.1; P = 0.24]. By conditional logistic regression with matching on a propensity score (including age, sex, occurrence at home, bystander CPR, initial rhythm, collapse-to-CPR time, duration of resuscitation, and ROSC), similar results were found (OR, 0.8; 95% CI, 0.5-1.3; P = 0.41). In the extracorporeal-CPR group, factors associated with hospital survival were initial shockable rhythm (OR, 3.9; 95% CI, 1.5-10.3; P = 0.005), transient ROSC before ECMO (OR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.1-4.7; P = 0.03), and prehospital ECMO implantation (OR, 2.9; 95% CI, 1.5-5.9; P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: In a population-based registry, 4% of OHCAs were treated with extracorporeal-CPR, which was not associated with increased hospital survival. Early ECMO implantation may improve outcomes. The initial rhythm and ROSC may help select patients for extracorporeal-CPR.

8.
Resuscitation ; 141: 121-127, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A higher survival rate was observed in Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) occurring during sports activities, although the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We tested the hypothesis that better initial management, rather than sports per se, may account for the observed better outcomes during sports activities. METHODS: Data was taken between May 2011 and March 2016 from a prospective ongoing registry that includes all SCA in Paris and suburbs (6.7 million inhabitants). Sports-related SCA (i.e. SCA occurring during sport activities or within one hour of cessation of the activity) were identified. RESULTS: Over the study period, 13,400 SCA occurred, of which 154 were sports-related (median age: 51.2 years, 96.1% males). At discharge, sports activity was associated with an 8-times higher survival rate (39.7% vs. 5.1%, P < 0.001). Logistic regression showed that after considering potential confounders, including age, gender, SCA location, witness presence, time to response, and initial shockable rhythm, occurrence of SCA during sports was associated with a higher survival rate (OR 1.77, 95% CI 1.14-2.74, P = 0.01). However, after further adjustment for initial basic life support, i.e. bystander CPR and AED use, there was no association between sports setting and survival at hospital discharge (OR 1.43, 95% CI 0.91-2.23, P = 0.12). CONCLUSION: Sports-related SCA is a rare event, with an 8-times higher survival rate compared to non-sports-related SCA. Better initial management, including bystander CPR and AED use, rather than sports per se, mainly accounts this difference. This highlights the major importance of population education to basic life support in improving SCA outcome.

9.
Resuscitation ; 141: 81-87, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: After out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) associated with obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), the risk of recurrence during the early period is unclear and the indication for anti-arrhythmic treatment is debated. We assessed the incidence and predisposing factors for severe cardiac arrhythmias in this population. DESIGN: Retrospective study in a cardiac arrest center. SETTINGS: The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major cardiac arrhythmias from hospital admission to intensive care unit (ICU) discharge in patients admitted after an OHCA associated with obstructive CAD. A major arrhythmia was defined as any arrhythmic event (auricular or ventricular) associated with cardiac arrest recurrence and/or severe arterial hypotension. Secondary outcomes were time from ICU admission to arrhythmia occurrence and all-cause in-ICU mortality. Risk factors for recurrence of a major arrhythmia were assessed using multivariate analysis. PATIENTS: We included all consecutive OHCA patients resuscitated from ventricular fibrillation (VF) or pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VT) as initial rhythm associated with obstructive CAD, and who had a successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention. INTERVENTION: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Among 256 patients, a major arrhythmia occurred in 29 (11.3%), within the first 24 h in 79.3% of cases and were mostly VF (44.8%). Mortality rate was significantly increased in patients with major arrhythmia recurrence (69% vs 41%; p = 0.006). Factor significantly associated with recurrence of severe arrhythmia was male gender (OR 0.32 [0.12-0.92]; p = 0.034). Treatment with prophylactic anti-arrhythmic in the ICU was not associated with a change in the risk of recurrence (OR 0.85 [0.21-3.65], p = 0.82). CONCLUSION: An early recurrence of major arrhythmia was observed in more than 10% of post-cardiac arrest patients. These events happened mostly within the first 24 h. The interest of prophylactic anti-arrhythmic treatment remains to be evaluated in this population.

10.
Resuscitation ; 140: 170-177, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30974188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After resuscitation of cardiac arrest (CA), an acute circulatory failure occurs in about 50% of cases, which shares many characteristics with septic shock. Most frequently, supportive treatments are poorly efficient to prevent multiple organ failure and death. We evaluated whether an early plasma removal of inflammatory mediators using high cut-off continuous veno-venous hemodialysis (HCO-CVVHD) could improve hemodynamic status and outcome of these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a randomized open-label trial. Patients with post-cardiac arrest shock (defined as requirement of norepinephrine or epinephrine infusion > 1 mg/h) were included. The experimental group received 2 distinct sessions of HCO-CVVHD during the first 48 h following ICU admission. The control group received continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) with standard membranes if needed. The primary endpoint was the delay to shock resolution asssessed by the length of catecholamine infusion. Number of vasopressors-free days at day 28, arterial blood pressure measures every 6-hours, daily fluid balance and mortality (ICU and day-28) were evaluated as secondary endpoints. RESULTS: 35 patients were included: 17 (median age 68.4, 59% male) in the HCO-CVVHD group and 18 (median age 66.3, 83% male) in the control group. Baseline characteristics did not differ between the two groups. Day-28 mortality rate was 64.7% and 72.2% in the HCO-CVVHD and control group, respectively (p = 0.72). Probability of vasopressors discontinuation over time was similar in the two groups (p for logrank test = 0.67). Number of day-28 catecholamine-free days was 25.1 [0, 26.5] and 24.5 [0, 26.2] in the HCO-CVVHD and control group, respectively (p = 0.65). No difference was observed regarding the daily-dose of vasopressors, arterial pressure profile and fluid balance. CONCLUSION: In cardiac arrest patients, HCO-CVVHD did not decrease the lenght of post-resuscitation shock and had no significant effect on hemodynamic profile. REGISTRATION: NCT00780299.

11.
Eur J Emerg Med ; 26(6): 423-427, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30648976

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been associated with the volume of activity of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) facilities. This observational study investigated whether the coronary reperfusion-decision rate is associated with the volume of activity in a prehospital emergency setting. METHODS: Prospectively collected data for the period 2003-2013 were extracted from a regional registry of all STEMI patients handled by eight dispatch centers (SAMUs) in and around Paris [41 mobile ICU (MICUs)]. A possible association between volume of activity (number of STEMIs) and coronary reperfusion-decision rate, and subsidiarily between volume of activity and choice of technique (fibrinolysis vs. primary PCI), were investigated. Explanatory factors (patient age, sex, delay between pain onset and first medical contact, and access to a PCI facility) were analyzed in a multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 18 162 patients; male/female 3.5/1; median age 62 (52-72) years were included in the analysis. The median number of STEMIs per MICU was 339 (IQ 220-508) and that of reperfusion-decisions was 94% (91-95). There was no association between the decision rate and the number of STEMIs (P = 0.1). However, the decision rate was associated with age, sex, delay, and access to a PCI facility (P < 0.0001) in a highly significant way. Fibrinolysis was a more frequent option for low-volume (remoter PCI facilities) than high-volume MICUs (30 vs. 16%). CONCLUSION: The decision of coronary reperfusion in a prehospital emergency setting depended on patient characteristics, delay between pain onset and first medical contact, and access to a PCI facility, but not on volume of activity. Promoting fibrinolysis use in underserved areas might help increase the reperfusion-decision rate.

12.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(1): e007081, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30608874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mortality of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) decreased drastically, mainly through reduction in inhospital mortality. Prehospital sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) became one of the most feared complications. We assessed the incidence, outcome, and prognosis' predictors of prehospital SCA occurring after emergency medical services (EMS) arrival. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were taken between 2006 and 2014 from the e-MUST study (Evaluation en Médecine d'Urgence des Strategies Thérapeutiques des infarctus du myocarde) that enrolls all STEMI managed by EMS in the Greater Paris Area, including those dead before hospital admission. Among 13 253 STEMI patients analyzed, 749 (5.6%) presented EMS-witnessed prehospital SCA. Younger age, absence of cardiovascular risk factors, symptoms of heart failure, extensive STEMI, and short pain onset-to-call and call-to-EMS arrival delays were independently associated with increased SCA risk. Mortality rate at hospital discharge was 4.0% in the nonSCA group versus 37.7% in the SCA group ( P<0.001); 26.8% of deaths occurred before hospital admission. Factors associated with increased mortality after SCA were age, heart failure, and extensive STEMI, while male sex and cardiovascular risk factors were associated with decreased mortality. Among patients admitted alive, PCI was the most important mortality-reduction predictor (odds ratio, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.25-0.63; P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: More than 1 of 20 STEMI presents prehospital SCA after EMS arrival. SCA occurrence is associated with a 10-fold higher mortality at hospital discharge compared with STEMI without SCA. PCI is the strongest survival predictor, leading to a twice-lower mortality. This highlights the persistently dramatic impact of SCA on STEMI and the major importance of PCI in this setting.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Auxiliares de Emergência , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Paris/epidemiologia , Admissão do Paciente , Alta do Paciente , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Circulation ; 139(10): 1262-1271, 2019 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), geographic disparities in outcomes may reflect baseline variations in patients' characteristics but may also result from differences in the number of ambulances providing basic life support (BLS) and advanced life support (ALS). We aimed at assessing the association between allocated ambulance resources and outcomes in OHCA patients in a large urban community. METHODS: From May 2011 to January 2016, we analyzed a prospectively collected Utstein database for all OHCA adults. Cases were geocoded according to 19 neighborhoods and the number of BLS (firefighters performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation and applying automated external defibrillator) and ALS ambulances (medicalized team providing advanced care such as drugs and endotracheal intubation) was collected. We assessed the respective associations of Utstein parameters, socioeconomic characteristics, and ambulance resources of these neighborhoods using a mixed-effect model with successful return of spontaneous circulation as the primary end point and survival at hospital discharge as a secondary end point. RESULTS: During the study period, 8754 nontraumatic OHCA occurred in the Greater Paris area. Overall return of spontaneous circulation rate was 3675 of 8754 (41.9%) and survival rate at hospital discharge was 788 of 8754 (9%), ranging from 33% to 51.1% and from 4.4% to 14.5% respectively, according to neighborhoods ( P<0.001). Patient and socio-demographic characteristics significantly differed between neighborhoods ( P for trend <0.001). After adjustment, a higher density of ambulances was associated with successful return of spontaneous circulation (respectively adjusted odds-ratio [aOR], 1.31 [1.14-1.51]; P<0.001 for ALS ambulances >1.5 per neighborhood and aOR, 1.21 [1.04-1.41]; P=0.01 for BLS ambulances >4 per neighborhood). Regarding survival at discharge, only the number of ALS ambulances >1.5 per neighborhood was significant (aOR, 1.30 [1.06-1.59] P=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In this large urban population-based study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests patients, we observed that allocated resources of emergency medical service are associated with outcome, suggesting that improving healthcare organization may attenuate disparities in prognosis.


Assuntos
Suporte Vital Cardíaco Avançado , Ambulâncias/provisão & distribução , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Serviços Urbanos de Saúde/provisão & distribução , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Desfibriladores/provisão & distribução , Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Auxiliares de Emergência/provisão & distribução , Feminino , Bombeiros , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/fisiopatologia , Paris , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Características de Residência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(3): 217-222, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30594573

RESUMO

Out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major public health issue, with a survival rate at hospital discharge that remains below 10% in most cities, despite huge investments in this domain. Early basic life support (BLS) and early defibrillation using automated external defibrillators (AEDs) stand as key elements for improving OHCA survival rate. Nevertheless, the use of AEDs in OHCA remains low, for a variety of reasons, including the number, accessibility and ease of locating AEDs, as well as bystanders' awareness of BLS manœuvres and of the need to use AEDs. Several measures have been proposed to improve the rate of AED use, including optimization of AED deployment strategies as well as the use of drones to bring the AEDs to the OHCA scene and of mobile applications to locate the nearest AED. If they are to be effective, these measures should be combined with large communication campaigns on OHCA, and wide-scale education of the public in BLS and AEDs, to reduce the burden of OHCA.


Assuntos
Desfibriladores , Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Cardioversão Elétrica/efeitos adversos , Cardioversão Elétrica/mortalidade , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/fisiopatologia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Clin Med ; 7(12)2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30513879

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recent studies reported a decrease in the incidence of acute myocardial infarction. This favorable evolution does not extend to young women. The interaction between gender, risk factors and myocardial infarction incidence remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To compare the evolution of the age pyramid of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) according to gender. METHODS: Data from patients with STEMI managed in pre-hospital settings prospectively collected in the greater Paris area. Evolution of patient demographics and risk factors was investigated. RESULTS: 28,249 patients with STEMI were included in the registry between 2002 and 2014, 21,883 (77%) males and 6,366 (23%) females. The sex ratio did not significantly vary over the study period (p = 0.4). Median patient age was 60.1 years (51.1⁻73.0) and was significantly different between males and females, respectively 57.9 (50.0⁻68.3) vs. 72.9 years (58.3⁻82.2) (p = 0.0004). The median age of males significantly (p = 0.0044) increased from 57.6 (50.1⁻70.0) in 2002 to 58.1 years (50.5⁻67.8) in 2014. The median age of females significantly (p = 0.0006) decreased from 73.7 (57.9⁻81.8) to 69.6 years (57.0⁻82.4). The median gap between the age of men and women significantly (p = 0.0002) decreased, from 16.1 to 11.5 years. Prevalence of risk factors was unchanged or decreased except for hypertension which significantly increased in males. The rate of STEMI without reported risk factors increased in both males and females. CONCLUSION: The age of STEMI onset significantly decreased in females, whereas it significantly increased in males. The prevalence of risk factors decreased in males, whereas no significant variation was found in females.

16.
Resuscitation ; 132: 147-155, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30086373

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore diagnostic pitfalls and treatment issues in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest of neurological cause (OHCA-NC). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients from the Paris Sudden Death Expertise Centre (France) registry from May 2011 to September 2015 presenting with a sustained return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) at hospital admission and a final diagnosis of OHCA-NC. Description of the early diagnostic check-up performed to identify the cause of cardiac arrest. Logistic multivariate regression to identify factors associated with immediate coronary angiography (iCAG) in OHCA-NC patients. RESULTS: Among 3542 patients with ROSC, a final diagnosis of OHCA-NC was established in 247 (7%). The early diagnostic check-up consisted in a total of 207 (84%) immediate cranial CT-scan, 66 (27%) iCAG and 25 (10%) chest CT-scan. The brain CT-scan allowed identifying a neurovascular cause in 116 (47%) patients. An iCAG was performed as the first line exam in 57 (23%) patients, in whom a final diagnosis of neurovascular cause for OHCA-NC was later identified in 41 patients. By multivariate analysis, decision for iCAG was independently associated with ST-segment elevation on post-ROSC electrocardiogram (OR, 5.94; 95%CI, 2.14-18.28; P = 0.0009), whereas an obvious cause of cardiac arrest on scene was negatively associated with iCAG (OR, 0.14; 95%CI, 0.02-0.51; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: OHCA-NC is a rare event that is mainly related to neurovascular causes. The initial ECG pattern may be a confounder regarding triage for early diagnostic check-up. Further studies are required to explore the potential harmfulness associated with decision to perform an iCAG in this population.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/etiologia , Idoso , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/complicações , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/diagnóstico , Angiografia Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Neurológico/estatística & dados numéricos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Paris/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
Resuscitation ; 130: 44-48, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29738799

RESUMO

Extracorporeal CPR is a second line treatment for refractory cardiac arrest, as written in the latest International Guidelines. Optimal timing, patient selection, location and method of implementation vary across the world. The objective here is to present an international consensus on the pillars of an ECPR program. The major aspect the group agrees on in that ECPR should be implemented within 60 minutes of collapse. With this in mind, the program should be built according to local resources knowing that the optimal team will require pre-established specific roles with personnel dedicated to resuscitation and others to ECPR.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Cooperação Internacional , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Consenso , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/normas , Humanos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Seleção de Pacientes , Taxa de Sobrevida , Tempo para o Tratamento/normas
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