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1.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 20, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent K. pneumoniae (CR-hvKP) causes serious infections with significant morbidity and mortality. However, the epidemiology and transmission mechanisms of CR-hvKP and the corresponding carbapenem-resistant plasmids require further investigation. Herein, we have characterized an ST11 K. pneumoniae strain EBSI041 from the blood sample encoding both hypervirulence and carbapenem resistance phenotypes from a patient in Egypt. RESULTS: K. pneumoniae strain EBSI041 showed multidrug-resistance phenotypes, where it was highly resistant to almost all tested antibiotics including carbapenems. And hypervirulence phenotypes of EBSI041 was confirmed by the model of Galleria mellonella infection. Whole-genome sequencing analysis showed that the hybrid plasmid pEBSI041-1 carried a set of virulence factors rmpA, rmpA2, iucABCD and iutA, and six resistance genes aph(3')-VI, armA, msr(E), mph(E), qnrS, and sul2. Besides, blaOXA-48 and blaSHV-12 were harboured in a novel conjugative IncL-type plasmid pEBSI041-2. The blaKPC-2-carrying plasmid pEBSI041-3, a non-conjugative plasmid lacking the conjugative transfer genes, could be transferred with the help of pEBSI041-2, and the two plasmids could fuse into a new plasmid during co-transfer. Moreover, the emergence of the p16HN-263_KPC-like plasmids is likely due to the integration of pEBSI041-3 and pEBSI041-4 via IS26-mediated rearrangement. CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the complete genome sequence of KPC-2- and OXA-48-coproducing hypervirulent K. pneumoniae from Egypt. These results give new insights into the adaptation and evolution of K. pneumoniae during nosocomial infections.


Assuntos
Infecções por Klebsiella , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia , Egito , Humanos , Infecções por Klebsiella/epidemiologia , Klebsiella pneumoniae/genética , Plasmídeos/genética , beta-Lactamases/genética
2.
Exp Cell Res ; 411(2): 113017, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34998813

RESUMO

Hypertensive renal injury is accompanied by tubular interstitial fibrosis leading to increased risk for renal failure. This study aimed to explore the influences of miR-122-5p in hypertension-mediated renal fibrosis and damage. 14-week-old male SHR and WKY rats were randomly assigned to treat with rAAV-miR-122-5p or rAAV-GFP for 8 weeks. There were marked increases in miR-122-5p and Kim-1 levels and decreases in FOXO3 and SIRT6 levels in hypertensive rats. Transfection with rAAV-miR-122-5p triggered exacerbation of renal fibrosis, apoptosis and inflammatory injury in SHR, associated with downregulated levels of FOXO3, SIRT6, ATG5 and BNIP3 as well as upregulated expression of Kim-1, NOX4, CTGF, and TGF-ß1. In cultured primary mouse renal tubular interstitial fibroblasts, exposure to angiotensin II resulted in obvious downregulation of FOXO3, SIRT6, ATG5, BNIP3 and nitric oxide levels as well as augmented cellular migration, oxidative stress, and inflammation, which were exacerbated by miR-122-5p mimic while rescued by miR-122-5p inhibitor and rhFOXO3, respectively. Notably, knockdown of FOXO3 strikingly blunted cellular protective effects of miR-122-5p inhibitor. In summary, miR-122-5p augments renal fibrosis, inflammatory and oxidant injury in hypertensive rats by suppressing the expression of FOXO3. Pharmacological inhibition of miR-122-5p has potential therapeutic significance for hypertensive renal injury and fibrosis-related kidney diseases.

3.
Eur Radiol ; 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029731

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes on the success of bronchial arterial embolization (BAE) in patients with and without systemic artery-to-pulmonary vessel fistula (SA-PF) and to evaluate the feasibility of CTA in the assessment of SA-PF. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 420 consecutive patients that underwent BAE for hemoptysis control in our hospital from September 2011 to May 2019. The clinical characteristics, preprocedural CTA findings, BAE procedural findings, and follow-up outcomes were collected. Patients were divided into two groups according to DSA findings: patients with SA-PF and those without. RESULTS: A total of 184 (43.7%) patients presented with SA-PF. Pneumonia was less likely to be the concomitant condition in patients with SA-PF (p < 0.001). The mean number of culprit arteries per patient was significantly higher in patients with SA-PF compared to that in patients without SA-PF (p = 0.017). The SA-PF patients saw a greater probability of recurrence (HR: 2.782, 95% CI: 1.617-4.784, p < 0.001). SA-pulmonary venous fistula (SA-PVF) favored lower hemoptysis recurrence rate (HR: 0.199, 95%CI: 0.052-0.765, p = 0.019). SA-pulmonary artery fistula (SA-PAF) can be detected by optimized CTA protocol with a detection rate of 65.3% (49/75). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of SA-PF is an independent risk factor predicting early recurrence of hemoptysis after BAE. SA-PVF seems to be a protective factor for longer hemoptysis control compared to SA-PAF. Optimized preprocedural CTA is a reliable examination to identify SA-PAF. KEY POINTS: • The appearance of SA-PF is associated with a greater probability of early recurrent hemoptysis after bronchial artery embolization. • The presence of SA-PVF seems to be a protective factor for longer hemoptysis control after BAE compared to SA-PAF. • Optimized CTA protocol seems to be a promising auxiliary examination to detect SA-PAF.

4.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0132221, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35019676

RESUMO

Clostridioides difficile, which causes life-threatening diarrheal disease, presents an urgent threat to health care systems. In this study, we present a retrospective genomic and epidemiological analysis of C. difficile in a large teaching hospital. First, we collected 894 nonduplicate fecal samples from patients during a whole year to elucidate the C. difficile molecular epidemiology. We then presented a detailed description of the population structure of C. difficile based on 270 isolates separated between 2015 and 2020 and clarified the genetic and phenotypic features by MIC and whole-genome sequencing. We observed a high carriage rate (19.4%, 173/894) of C. difficile among patients in this hospital. The population structure of C. difficile was diverse with a total of 36 distinct STs assigned. In total, 64.8% (175/270) of the isolates were toxigenic, including four CDT-positive (C. difficile transferase) isolates, and 50.4% (135/268) of the isolates were multidrug-resistant. Statistically, the rates of resistance to erythromycin, moxifloxacin, and rifaximin were higher for nontoxigenic isolates. Although no vancomycin-resistant isolates were detected, the MIC for vancomycin was higher for toxigenic isolates (P < 0.01). The in-hospital transmission was observed, with 43.8% (110/251) of isolates being genetically linked to a prior case. However, no strong correlation was detected between the genetic linkage and epidemiological linkage. Asymptomatic colonized patients play the same role in nosocomial transmission as infected patients, raising the issue of routine screening of C. difficile on admission. This work provides an in-depth description of C. difficile in a hospital setting and paves the way for better surveillance and effective prevention of related diseases in China. IMPORTANCE Clostridioides difficile infections (CDI) are the leading cause of healthcare-associated diarrhea and are known to be resistant to multiple antibiotics. In the past decade, C. difficile has emerged rapidly and has spread globally, causing great concern among American and European countries. However, research on CDI remains limited in China. Here, we characterized the comprehensive spectrum of C. difficile by whole-genome sequencing (WGS) in a Chinese hospital, showing a high detection rate among patients, diverse genome characteristics, a high level of antibiotic resistance, and an unknown nosocomial transmission risk of C. difficile. During the study period, two C. difficile transferase (CDT)-positive isolates belonging to a new multilocus sequence type (ST820) were detected, which have caused serious clinical symptoms. This work describes C. difficile integrally and provides new insight into C. difficile surveillance based on WGS in China.

5.
J Dent Sci ; 17(1): 264-275, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35028047

RESUMO

Background/purpose: CD24 is a specific cell surface marker for undifferentiated dental stem cells from apical papilla (SCAPs) seen only during root development, before the tooth emerges through gum. But the comprehensive role of CD24 in the SCAPs is unclear. This study aims to clarify the exact roles of CD24 in SCAPs. Materials and methods: SCAPs were divided into CD24 (+)-SCAPs (high percentage CD24) and CD24 (-)-SCAPs (low percentage CD24) via flow cytometry. The proliferation, migration and osteogenic/adipogenic differentiation of the two groups were detected, RT-PCR was performed to detect the expression of osteogenic/adipogenic related genes and thegene expression were analyzed. Results: The proliferative and migratory ability of CD24 (-)-SCAPs were significantly stronger than that of CD24 (+)-SCAPs. Although, the mineralization process and the osteogenic genes expression were not significantly difference in the two groups. Both CD24 (+)-SCAPs and CD24 (-)-SCAPs differentiated into adipocytes. The adipogenic differentiation in CD24 (+)-SCAPs was better than that in CD24 (-)-SCAPs, after 3 weeks of adipogenic induction. However, the expression of adipogenic related gene, PPAR γ2 mRNA in CD24 (+)-SCAPs was lower than that in CD24 (-)-SCAPs after 1 week of adipogenic induction. But the trend changed for the opposite after 3 weeks. Conclusion: The study proposes that CD24 has a regulatory effect on the adipogenic differentiation of SCAPs, and this may be attained by targeting the PPAR γ2 mRNA. Concurrently, it was found that CD24 plays an inhibitory role in the proliferation and migration of SCAPs, which may minimize the manifestation of diseases caused by an abnormal cell growth.

6.
Curr Res Struct Biol ; 4: 10-20, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34988468

RESUMO

The Musashi RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) regulate translation of target mRNAs and maintenance of cell stemness and tumorigenesis. Musashi-1 (MSI1), long considered as an intestinal and neural stem cell marker, has been more recently found to be over expressed in many cancers. It has served as an important drug target for treating acute myeloid leukemia and solid tumors such as ovarian, colorectal and bladder cancer. One of the reported binding targets of MSI1 is Numb, a negative regulator of the Notch signaling. However, the dynamic mechanism of Numb RNA binding to MSI1 remains unknown, largely hindering effective drug design targeting this critical interaction. Here, we have performed extensive all-atom microsecond-timescale simulations using a robust Gaussian accelerated molecular dynamics (GaMD) method, which successfully captured multiple times of spontaneous and highly accurate binding of the Numb RNA from bulk solvent to the MSI1 protein target site. GaMD simulations revealed that Numb RNA binding to MSI1 involved largely induced fit in both the RNA and protein. The simulations also identified important low-energy intermediate conformational states during RNA binding, in which Numb interacted mainly with the ß2-ß3 loop and C terminus of MSI1. The mechanistic understanding of RNA binding obtained from our GaMD simulations is expected to facilitate rational structure-based drug design targeting MSI1 and other RBPs.

7.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34984455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early changes in bowel behavior during anti-TNF induction therapy in Crohn's disease (CD) are relatively unknown. We determined (a) onset of changes in bowel behavior in CD patients receiving anti-TNF therapy by ultrasound; and (b) the feasibility of shear wave elastography (SWE) in predicting early response to anti-TNF therapy. METHODS: Consecutive ileal/ileocolonic CD patients programmed to initiate anti-TNF therapy were enrolled. Bowel ultrasound was performed at baseline, and at weeks 2, 6, and 14. Changes in bowel wall thickness, Doppler signals of the bowel wall (Limberg score), and SWE values were compared using a linear mixed model. Early response to anti-TNF therapy was based on a composite strategy of clinical and colonoscopy assessment at week 14. RESULTS: Of the 30 patients enrolled in this study, 20 patients achieved a response to anti-TNF therapy at week 14. The bowel wall thickness and SWE value of the response group showed a significant downward trend compared with the non-response group (P=0.003, P=0.011). Bowel wall thickness, the Limberg score, and SWE values were significantly reduced as early as week 2 compared with baseline (P<0.001, P<0.001, P=0.003) in the response group. Baseline SWE values (21.3±8.7 vs. 15.3±4.7 kPa, P=0.022) and bowel wall thickness (8.5±2.3 vs. 6.9±1.5 mm, P=0.027) in the non-response group were significantly higher than in the response group. CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study suggested that changes in bowel ultrasound behavior could be assessed as early as week 2 after starting anti-TNF therapy. Bowel ultrasound together with elasticity imaging could predict early response to anti-TNF therapy.

8.
Front Vet Sci ; 8: 764982, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869736

RESUMO

To understand the biological characteristics of the reemerging pseudorabies virus (PRV) strains, a total of 392 tissue samples were collected from diseased pigs during reemerging PR outbreaks between 2012 and 2019 on farms in central China where swine had been immunized with Bartha-K61 and 51 (13. 01%) were positive for the gE gene by PCR. Sixteen PRV strains were isolated and caused clinical symptoms and death in mice. Subsequently, gE, gC, gB, and gD complete genes were amplified from the 16 PRV isolates and sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis based on these four gene sequences shows that the 16 PRV isolates were more closely related to the Chinese PRV variants (after 2012) but genetically differed from early Chinese PRV isolates (before 2012). Sequence analysis reveals that PRV isolates exhibited amino acid insertions, substitutions, or deletions compared with early Chinese PRV isolates and European-American PRV strains. In addition, this is the first report that eight isolates (8/16) in this study harbor a unique amino acid substitution at position 280 (F to L) of the gC protein, and six isolates have an amino acid substitution at position 338 (A to V) of the gD protein compared with the Chinese PRV variants. The emulsion containing inactivated PRV NY isolate could provide complete protection against the NY isolate. This study might enrich our understanding of the evolution of reemerging PRV strains as well as pave the way for finding a model virus to develop a novel vaccine based on reemerging PRV strains.

9.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2021 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34965786

RESUMO

Four flavonoid glycosides containing coumaroyl or feruloyl groups were isolated from the male flowers of Ginkgo biloba L., and compounds 3 and 4 were identified as novel compounds. The inhibitory activities against α-glucosidase were investigated by docking studies, in vitro assays and kinetic studies. The docking results showed that all compounds mainly formed hydrogen-bond and π-π-stacking interactions with α-glucosidase. Compound 4 had the lowest binding energy and maximum number of hydrogen bonds. Subsequently, the in vitro assays showed that compound 4 exhibited the strongest inhibitory potency. Finally, the kinetic studies indicated the inhibitory mode of compounds 1-4 against α-glucosidase were mixed types of competitive and non-competitive. Together, these findings suggested that the isolated flavonoid glycosides in this study, especially compound 4, have potential as α-glucosidase inhibitors.

10.
Clin Biochem ; 2021 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34968481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In our previous study, serum soluble T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin structure-3 (sTim-3) and galactosin-9 (sGal-9) were found to be associated with renal function after kidney transplantation. However, it is unclear whether these two indicators can predict adverse outcomes after transplantation. METHODS: Ninety-one recipients of kidney transplantation were enrolled and divided into a stable group and an adverse outcome group (consisting of biopsy-proven rejection, graft loss, death and clinically diagnosed rejection). The expression levels of sTim-3 and sGal-9 before (pre-Tim-3 and pre-Gal-9) and one month after transplantation (post-Tim-3 and post-Gal-9) were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: The level of pre-Tim-3 was significantly higher in the stable group than in the adverse outcome group [median (range), 2275 (840-4236) pg/mL vs. 1589 (353-3094) pg/mL, P = 0.002]. The level of post-Gal-9 was significantly lower in the stable group than in the adverse outcome group [median (range), 4869 (1418-13080) pg/mL vs. 6852: (4128-10760) pg/mL, P = 0.003]. The areas under the curve (AUCs) for pre-Tim-3 and post-Gal-9 were 0.737 (P = 0.002) and 0.751 (P = 0.003), respectively, better than AUC of post-eGFR (0.633) (P = 0.071), according to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Through Cox regression analysis, including pre-Tim-3, post-Gal-9, post-eGFR, sex, age, BMI of recipients and donors, pre-Tim-3 and post-Gal-9 were independent risk factors for adverse outcomes after kidney transplantation (P = 0.016, P = 0.033, respectively). CONCLUSION: Serum sTim-3 and sGal-9 can predict adverse outcomes within two years after kidney transplantation.

11.
Virol J ; 18(1): 237, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The highly pathogenic Influenza H7N9 virus is believed to cause multiple organ infections. However, there have been few systematic animal experiments demonstrating the virus distribution after H7N9 virus infection. The present study was carried out to investigate the viral distribution and pathological changes in the main organs of mice after experimental infection with highly pathogenic H7N9 virus. METHODS: Infection of mice with A/Guangdong/GZ8H002/2017(H7N9) virus was achieved via nasal inoculation. Mice were killed at 2, 3, and 7 days post infection. The other mice were used to observe their illness status and weight changes. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and viral isolation were used to analyse the characteristics of viral invasion. The pathological changes of the main organs were observed using haematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The weight of H7N9 virus-infected mice increased slightly in the first two days. However, the weight of the mice decreased sharply in the following days, by up to 20%. All the mice had died by the 8th day post infection and showed multiple organ injury. The emergence of viremia in mice was synchronous with lung infection. On the third day post infection, except in the brain, the virus could be isolated from all organs (lung, heart, kidney, liver, and spleen). On the seventh day post infection, the virus could be detected in all six organs. Brain infection was detected in all mice, and the viral titre in the heart, kidney, and spleen infection was high. CONCLUSION: Acute diffuse lung injury was the initial pathogenesis in highly pathogenic H7N9 virus infection. In addition to lung infection and viremia, the highly pathogenic H7N9 virus could cause multiple organ infection and injury.

12.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 756975, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776974

RESUMO

Liuweiwuling Tablet (LWWL) is a licensed Chinese patent medicine (approval number: Z20060238) included in the national health insurance for anti-inflammation of chronic HBV infection, whereas its anti-HBV effect remains clarification. The study aimed to clarify its antiviral effect and related mechanisms. HepG2.2.15 cells (wild-type HBV-replicating cells) and HepG2. A64 cells (entecavir-resistant HBV-replicating cells) were used for in vitro test. Hydrodynamic injection-mediated HBV-replicating mouse model was used for in vivo test. Active compounds and related mechanisms for antiviral effect of LWWL were analyzed using network pharmacology and transcriptomics. The inhibition rates of LWWL (0.8 mg/ml) on HBV DNA, HBsAg, and pgRNA were 57.06, 38.55, and 62.49% in HepG2.2.15 cells, and 51.57, 17.57, and 53.88% in HepG2. A64 cells, respectively. LWWL (2 g kg-1 d-1 for 4 weeks)-treated mice had 1.16 log10 IU/mL decrease of serum HBV DNA, and more than 50% decrease of serum HBsAg/HBeAg and hepatic HBsAg/HBcAg. Compared to tenofovir control, LWWL was less effective in suppressing HBV DNA but more effective in suppressing HBV antigens. Thirteen differentially-expressed genes were found in relation to HBV-host interaction and some of them were enriched in interferon (IFN)-ß pathway in LWWL-treated HepG2.2.15 cells. CD3+CD4+ T-cell frequency and serum IFN-γ were significantly increased in LWWL-treated mice compared to LWWL-untreated mice. Among 26 compounds with potential anti-HBV effects that were predicted by network pharmacology, four compounds (quercetin, luteolin, wogonin, and kaempferol) were experimentally confirmed to have antiviral potency. In conclusion, LWWL had potent inhibitory effect on both wild-type and entecavir-resistant HBV, which might be associated with increasing IFN-ß and IFN-γ production.

13.
Molecules ; 26(21)2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34771018

RESUMO

Aspirin and curcumin have been reported to be beneficial to anti-aging in a variety of biological models. Here, we synthesized a novel compound, curcumin acetylsalicylate (CA), by combining aspirin and curcumin. We characterized how CA affects the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) worms. Our results demonstrated that CA extended the lifespan of worms in a dose-dependent manner and reached its highest anti-aging effect at the concentration of 20 µM. In addition, CA reduced the deposition of lipofuscin or "age pigment" without affecting the reproductivity of worms. CA also caused a rightward shift of C. elegans lifespan curves in the presence of paraquat-induced (5 mM) oxidative stress or 37 °C acute heat shock. Additionally, CA treatment decreased the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in C. elegans and increased the expression of downstream genes superoxide dismutase (sod)-3, glutathione S-transferase (gst)-4, heat shock protein (hsp)-16.2, and catalase-1 (ctl-1). Notably, CA treatment resulted in nuclear translocation of the DAF-16 transcription factor, which is known to stimulate the expression of SOD-3, GST-4, HSP-16, and CTL-1. CA did not produce a longevity effect in daf-16 mutants. In sum, our data indicate that CA delayed the aging of C. elegans without affecting reproductivity, and this effect may be mediated by its activation of DAF-16 and subsequent expression of antioxidative genes, such as sod-3 and gst-4. Our study suggests that novel anti-aging drugs may be developed by combining two individual drugs.

14.
Asian J Androl ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755699

RESUMO

Spermiogenesis is a complex and tightly regulated process, consisting of acrosomal biogenesis, condensation of chromatin, flagellar assembly, and disposal of extra cytoplasm. Previous studies have reported that sperm flagellar 2 (SPEF2) deficiency causes severe asthenoteratozoospermia owing to spermiogenesis failure, but the underlying molecular mechanism in humans remains unclear. Here, we performed proteomic analysis on spermatozoa from three SPEF2 mutant patients to study the functional role of SPEF2 during sperm tail development. A total of 1262 differentially expressed proteins were detected, including 486 upregulated and 776 downregulated. The constructed heat map of the differentially expressed proteins showed similar trends. Among these, the expression of proteins related to flagellar assembly, including SPEF2, sperm associated antigen 6 (SPAG6), dynein light chain tctex-type 1 (DYNLT1), radial spoke head component 1 (RSPH1), translocase of outer mitochondrial membrane 20 (TOM20), EF-hand domain containing 1 (EFHC1), meiosis-specific nuclear structural 1 (MNS1) and intraflagellar transport 20 (IFT20), was verified by western blot. Functional clustering analysis indicated that these differentially expressed proteins were specifically enriched for terms such as spermatid development and flagellar assembly. Furthermore, we showed that SPEF2 interacts with radial spoke head component 9 (RSPH9) and IFT20 in vitro, which are well-studied components of radial spokes or intra-flagellar transport and are essential for flagellar assembly. These results provide a rich resource for further investigation into the molecular mechanism underlying the role that SPEF2 plays in sperm tail development and could provide a theoretical basis for gene therapy in SPEF2 mutant patients in the future.

15.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 762848, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760904

RESUMO

Lupus nephritis (LN) is a common and severe organ manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and is a major cause of SLE related deaths. Early diagnosis is essential to improve the prognosis of patients with LN. To screen the potential biomarkers associated with LN, we downloaded the gene expression profile of GSE99967 from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was utilized to construct a gene co-expression network and identify gene modules associated with LN. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis was also applied to explore the biological function of genes and identify the key module. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified and Maximal Clique Centrality (MCC) values were calculated to screen hub genes. Furthermore, we selected promising biomarkers for real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) validation in independent cohorts. Our results indicated that five hub genes, including IFI44, IFIT3, HERC5, RSAD2, and DDX60 play vital roles in the pathogenesis of LN. Importantly, IFI44 may considered as a key biomarker in LN for its diagnostic capabilities, which is also a promising therapeutic target in the future.

16.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1149-1153, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753547

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the predictive factors for glucocorticoid therapy by analyzing the association between the clinical features and treatment regimens in children with eosinophilic gastroenteritis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 182 children with eosinophilic gastroenteritis who were admitted to Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from January 2012 to December 2020. According to whether glucocorticoids were used, these children were divided into a glucocorticoid treatment group and a control group. The two groups were compared in terms of age, history of allergy, clinical symptoms, laboratory examination results, endoscopic findings, and pathological results of gastrointestinal mucosa. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed for the results with statistical significance. RESULTS: Of the 182 children, 36 (19.8%) received glucocorticoid therapy. The rates of hematochezia, anemia, and mucosal ulceration/luminal stenosis under endoscopy and the mucosal eosinophil infiltration count were significantly higher in the glucocorticoid treatment group than those in the control group (P<0.05). The serum albumin level in the glucocorticoid treatment group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that mucosal ulceration/luminal stenosis under endoscopy (OR=10.830, 95%CI: 3.090-37.961, P<0.001) and the increased mucosal eosinophil infiltration count (OR=0.967, 95%CI: 0.941-0.993, P=0.015) were predictive factors for glucocorticoid therapy in children with eosinophil gastroenteritis. CONCLUSIONS: Mucosal ulceration/luminal stenosis under endoscopy or a significant increase in the mucosal eosinophil infiltration count based on pathology suggests that glucocorticoid therapy can be considered in children with eosinophil gastroenteritis.


Assuntos
Enterite , Eosinofilia , Criança , Enterite/tratamento farmacológico , Eosinofilia/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Gastrite , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 747-753, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622587

RESUMO

Specialty courses are an important carrier for driving forward the education reform of integrating ideological and political theories education in all courses and implementing the philosophy of fostering character through moral education. Medical Laboratory Pathways and Their Clinical Applicationis an undergraduate specialty course offered by the Department of Laboratory Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. The paper is based on the campaign of Integrating Ideological and Political Theories Education in All Courses and takes into consideration the features of the medical laboratory technology specialty. The paper proposes the organic unity of knowledge and skills teaching objectives and emotions and value-guided teaching objectives. In regard to the teaching content, horizontal integration was carried out, transforming the design of the course content from being laboratory test-centered to being disease-centered. Ideological and political theories education was organically incorporated in the content of the specialty course, assigning to the course the important task of values guidance. In addition, we made discussions on course design and instruction of Medical Laboratory Pathways and Their Clinical Application mainly in regard to the instruction, teaching methodology, and the form of classroom instruction of the course. We hope that the paper will provide useful information and reference for the ongoing education reform of the medical laboratory technology specialty under the new circumstances.


Assuntos
Laboratórios , Universidades , China , Humanos
18.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 862-867, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622607

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of using cystatin c-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR-CysC) in assessing the prognosis of hepatitis B virus-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) patients treated with artificial liver support system (ALSS). Methods: A total of 364 HBV-ACLF inpatients treated with ALSS at our hospital were enrolled retrospectively in the study. The patients were divided into the survival group ( n=269) and non-survival group ( n=95) according to mortality within 28 d, and their clinical information and laboratory data were analyzed for assessing short-term prognostic values. Results: Multivariate Cox regression analysis identified eGFR-CysC as one of the independent risk factors associated with mortality within 28 days in HBV-ACLF patients (the hazard ratio=0.987; 95% confidence interval, 0.979-0.996, P=0.003). In addition, baseline eGFR-CysC was negatively correlated with the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score ( r=-0.439, P<0.001), MELD plus sodium (MELD-Na) score ( r=-0.481, P<0.001) and Chronic Liver Failure Consortium ACLF (CLIF-C ACLF) score ( r=-0.340, P<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed area under the curve ( AUC) of eGFR-CysC were 0.639, 0.697, 0.716, 0.749 and the best cut-off value were 70.620, 67.525, 61.725, 64.685 mL/(min·1.73 m 2), respectively, for baseline value and the first, second, and third treatment with ALSS. Conclusion: eGFR-CysC could be used to assist clinical assessment of short-term mortality in HBV-ACLF patients treated with ALSS, and has better clinical application value for dynamic monitoring.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Doença Hepática Terminal , Fígado Artificial , Cistatina C , Doença Hepática Terminal/complicações , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
19.
Genome Biol Evol ; 13(10)2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599331

RESUMO

The Himalayan giant honeybee, Apis laboriosa, is the largest individual honeybee with major ecological and economic importance in high-latitude environments. However, our understanding of its environmental adaptations is circumscribed by the paucity of genomic data for this species. Here, we provide a draft genome of wild A. laboriosa, along with a comparison to its closely related species, Apis dorsata. The draft genome of A. laboriosa based on the de novo assembly is 226.1 Mbp in length with a scaffold N50 size of 3.34 Mbp, a GC content of 32.2%, a repeat content of 6.86%, and a gene family number of 8,404. Comparative genomics analysis revealed that the genes in A. laboriosa genome have undergone stronger positive selection (2.5 times more genes) and more recent duplication/loss events (6.1 times more events) than those in the A. dorsata genome. Our study implies the potential molecular mechanisms underlying the high-altitude adaptation of A. laboriosa and will catalyze future comparative studies to understand the environmental adaptation of modern honeybees.

20.
Dent Mater J ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602584

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of surface reaction-type pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) filler eluate on Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-3 secretion by human gingival fibroblasts (HGF). The S-PRG filler eluate contains 6 ions (F, Na, Al, B, Sr and Si) released from the S-PRG filler. The S-PRG filler eluate stimulation induced a slight secretion of MMP-1 and MMP-3 by HGF. It also enhanced the phosphorylation of p38 and ERK. The increase in MMP-1 and MMP-3 secretion by the inflammatory cytokine TNF-α was suppressed by the S-PRG filler eluate. TNF-α-induced increases in the phosphorylation of ERK were slightly enhanced by S-PRG filler eluate. These findings may prompt the development of new therapeutic agents for oral inflammation with materials composed of S-PRG filler eluate.

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