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2.
Rheumatol Ther ; 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33666893

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to identify the potential risk factors for progression from subclinical to clinical psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: A retrospective, longitudinal, case-control study was conducted at a single hospital, including 25 patients with clinically confirmed PsA in the case group and 137 controls without confirmed PsA. All patients in both groups had a medical history of subclinical PsA. Various baseline covariates were collected from all patients when they had a status of subclinical PsA. Univariate, multivariate, stratified, and interaction analyses were employed to identify potential risk factors of transiting to clinical PsA from subclinical PsA. RESULTS: In multivariate logistic regression analysis, older age (OR 10.15, 95% CI 2.79-36.91, p = 0.00), alcohol drinking (OR 3.43, 95% CI 1.17-10.12, p = 0.03), elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.01-1.09, p = 0.03) were identified as risk factors for transition from subclinical to clinical PsA. Stratified and logistic regression analyses suggest a significant interaction between age and fatty liver. For patients aged less than 45 years old, the association between fatty liver and clinical PsA was statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Older age, alcohol drinking, elevated hs-CRP, and the presence of fatty liver at less than 45 years old appear to increase the risk of transition from subclinical to clinical PsA. These findings call for a need to manage these risk factors.

3.
Inquiry ; 57: 46958020971403, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233980

RESUMO

The prevalence and severity of medical disputes in China have attracted the attention of society and academia, and how to alleviate medical disputes has become a major concern. Following the implementation of a series of policies, the private sector in China's hospital market has expanded rapidly over the past decade. It remains unknown whether the market mix of hospital ownership could alleviate medical disputes, this study aims to bridge the gap. Data are collected from all hospitals (2171) in Sichuan province, China, from 2012 to 2015. Using a negative binomial hurdle model, the results show that for hospitals with disputes, the private hospital market share has an inverted U-shaped relationship with the number of disputes. However, no significant relationship is found between the private hospital market share and the probability of dispute occurrence. For hospitals with disputes, competition plays a protective role in the effect of the private hospital market share on the number of disputes, hindering the increase in the number of disputes and facilitating a more rapid drop. However, medical quality is found to play an insignificant role in that effect. The findings also support encouraging new private hospitals in China rather than privatizing existing public hospitals.

4.
Dermatol Ther ; 33(6): e14079, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32713039

RESUMO

Although azathioprine (AZA) combined with corticosteroids remains the first-line therapy to treat patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV), there are increasing reports of AZA-induced leukopenia, which provides the rationale for monitoring the blood cell count and testing the genotypes at the thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) and the nucleoside diphosphate-linked moiety X-type motif 15 (NUDT15) genes. Here, we reported a case of persistent refractory PV in a Chinese patient with three runs of AZA-corticosteroids treatment. In the first two runs he received AZA-corticosteroids at standard or slightly reduced doses and developed leukopenia. In the third run of treatment, he was found to have NUDT15 mutation (rs116855232) and wild-type homozygous TPMT*3C (rs1142345), treatment with minimal doses of AZA and prednisone resulted in a complete remission of PV without any side effects including leukopenia. Our observations not only highlight the benefits of testing the TPMT and NUDT15 genotypes and monitoring the dynamic changes of the white blood cell count in guiding the AZA therapy, but also suggest the potential of using the AZA-corticosteroids combination at very low doses in the treatment of refractory PV.


Assuntos
Azatioprina , Pênfigo , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , China , Humanos , Masculino , Pênfigo/diagnóstico , Pênfigo/tratamento farmacológico , Pênfigo/genética , Prednisona
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 722: 137921, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that the diurnal temperature range (DTR) could modify the temperature-disease relationship for those environmentally-related infectious diseases. However, there is a lack of evidence on the hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). In this study, we thoroughly examined this hypothesis via a nationwide study. METHOD: We collected the daily time series of HFMD cases and meteorological factors of 143 cities in mainland China from 2009 to 2014. For each city, we calculated the arithmetic average of the meteorological factors as a proxy for the climatic differences. We then performed two-stage time series analyses for four different climatic regions. Specifically, a distributed lag nonlinear model was applied to estimate the temperature-HFMD relationship for each city, and then a multivariate meta-regression was implemented to examine whether the DTR could explain the potential heterogeneity as an effect modifier. In addition, we compared the modification effect of the DTR with those of other climatic factors. RESULT: We found a significant modification effect of DTR on the temperature-HFMD relationship in the moderate-temperature region. Besides, the modification effect was only observed at hot temperatures. Comparing the maximum temperature (32.2 °C) to the median temperature (11.9 °C), the risk ratio was 1.60 (1.33, 1.92) when DTR was in the 10th percentile (6.8 °C) and 0.81 (0.69, 0.96) when the DTR was in the 90th percentile (11.8 °C). By comparing DTR with other climatic variables, we found that the DTR had the best performance in improving the model fit (ΔQAIC= 10.1) and reducing the heterogeneity (ΔI2 = 3.1%) in the multivariate meta-regression. CONCLUSION: Our findings verified that DTR can modify the temperature-HFMD relationship. Besides, our findings also implied that DTR could be used as a proxy variable to comprehensively reflect the modification effects of multiple climatic factors.


Assuntos
Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca , Criança , China , Cidades , Humanos , Incidência , Temperatura
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