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1.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-6, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623931

RESUMO

This study determines factors related to the intention to vaccinate against COVID-19 for health science students in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), using both the Health Belief Model (HBM) and the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) model. A cross-sectional survey was considered in April 2021, using a self-administered questionnaire to all health sciences students of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Ho Chi Minh City (UMP), Vietnam. The multiple regression was performed to specify the predictable factors of willingness to get a future COVID-19 vaccination.A total of 854 students completed the survey, whose vaccination acceptance was 77.1%. Predictors of intention to receive a COVID-19 vaccination included year of education, knowledge, and the HBM and TPB variables including the perceived benefits, cues to action, perceived behavioral control, and positive attitudes toward the vaccine (all p < .05). The main reasons for hesitancy included being afraid of the side effects (73.0%), vaccine safety (65.3%), and the process of new vaccine development (53.6%). The study examined students' intention toward COVID-19 vaccine and related factors to notify university administrators and policymakers. The findings showed the acceptability of vaccines had differences within the education year of students, besides, knowledge, perception of benefits, cues to action, behavioral control, and attitudes toward the vaccine were positive predictive factors. These may be useful for developing health education messages to promoting vaccination acceptability for students who had hesitancy of a new vaccine and in broader groups.

2.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(8): 776-780, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517460

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the long-term characteristic changes of virus, immune status, and liver fibrosis markers in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infected patients after receiving direct-antiviral agents (DAAs). Methods: HIV/HCV co-infected patients who visited the Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University from May 2014 to December 2019 were selected as the research subjects. The changes of virological response rate, peripheral blood CD4(+)T lymphocyte level and serological markers of liver fibrosis (APRI score and FIB-4 index) were observed during 144 weeks of follow-up course after the end of DAAs treatment. Kruskal-Wallis test was used for statistical approach. Results: A total of 103 cases were included in the study. There were 87 males (87.5%), with a median age of 44 years. Sustained virological response rate at 12 weeks (SVR12) after DAAs treatment was 97.6%, and the SVR during the entire follow-up period was at least 95.9%. Compared with baseline, CD4(+)T lymphocyte count were significantly increased equally at 12 weeks (Z = -2.283, P = 0.022), 24 weeks (Z = -3.538, P < 0.001), 48 weeks (Z = -3.297, P = 0.001), 96 weeks (Z = -3.562, P < 0.001), and 144 weeks (Z = -2.842, P = 0.004). APRI score (Z = -6.394, P < 0.001) and FIB-4 index (Z = -2.528, P = 0.011) were significantly lower than baseline at week 4 of DAAs treatment, and thereafter remained at a low level, without further declination. Conclusion: HIV/HCV co-infected patients can maintain high SVR for a long time, acquire good immune reconstitution, and significantly improve liver fibrosis after DAAs treatment.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Infecções por HIV , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Adulto , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569130

RESUMO

The introduction of N2 -fixing species into a Eucalyptus plantation resulted in a successful planting system. It is essential to understand the contribution of nitrogen (N) competition and photosynthetic efficiency to plant dry matter yield to shed more light on the growth mechanism of the Eucalyptus/legume system. We compared N competition, photosynthesis and dry matter yield of Eucalyptus urophylla × E. grandis and the N2 -fixing tree species Dalbergia odorifera in intercropping and monoculture systems under different N levels. The photosynthesis of E. urophylla × E. grandis was improved, while that of D. odorifera was inhibited in the intercropping system. Intercropped E. urophylla × E. grandis increased the N utilization and the dry matter yield by 6.57-48.46% and 7.59-97.26%, and decreased those of D. odorifera by 10.21-30.33% and 0.48-13.19%, respectively. Furthermore, N application enhanced the competitive ability of E. urophylla × E. grandis relative to D. odorifera and changed the N contents and chlorophyll synthesis to optimize the photosynthetic structure of both species. Our results reveal Eucalyptus for photosynthesis, N absorption and increasing the growth benefit from the introduction of N2 -fixing species, which hence can be considered to be an effective sustainable management option of Eucalyptus plantations.

4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42: 1-6, 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404153

RESUMO

This paper summarizes the basic principles and models of early warning for infectious disease outbreaks, introduces the early warning systems for infectious disease based on different data sources and their applications, and discusses the application potential of big data and their analysing techniques, which have been studied and used in the prevention and control of COVID-19 pandemic, including internet inquiry, social media, mobile positioning, in the early warning of infectious diseases in order to provide reference for the establishment of an intelligent early warning mechanism and platform for infectious diseases based on multi-source big data.

5.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(4): 356-362, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874708

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of retrograde anterolateral thigh perforator flaps assisted with computed tomography angiography (CTA) in repairing skin and soft tissue defects around the knee or in proximal lower leg. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. From May 2015 to October 2019, 17 patients with skin and soft tissue defects around the knee or in proximal lower leg were admitted to the Department of Orthopedics of Jizhong Energy Xingtai Mig General Hospital, including 12 males and 5 females, aged 16-65 years, with an average age of 35 years. The areas of skin and soft tissue defects after debridement ranged from 6.0 cm×3.0 cm to 15.0 cm×9.0 cm. The retrograde anterolateral thigh perforator flaps were designed according to the origin and distribution of the perforating branches in flaps and the length of the vascular pedicle examined with CTA and the condition of the wound to repair the wounds. The areas of resected flaps ranged from 6.5 cm×3.5 cm to 15.5 cm×9.5 cm. The wounds in donor sites of flaps were sutured directly or covered with medium-thickness skin grafts from healthy upper leg. The sources of the perforating branches in flaps were recorded. The lateral circumflex femoral artery, its branches, and the relative length of the vascular pedicle were compared between preoperative CTA detection and intraoperative observation. The survivals of the flaps were observed. At the last follow-up, the effects of flaps in repairing wounds were evaluated according to evaluation standard of efficacy satisfaction; the motion ranges of flexion and extension of the knee joint were measured, and the knee joint function was evaluated according to the Hohl knee joint function evaluation standard; the sensory function in the flap area was evaluated according to the sensory function evaluation standard formulated by the British Medical Research Council; the wound healing and the occurrence of complication affecting motor function of limb of flap donor sites was observed. Data were statistically analyzed with paired sample t test. Results: The perforating branches in flaps originated from descending branches, oblique branches, and rectus femoris branches of lateral circumflex femoral artery in 7, 6, and 4 patients, respectively. The flaps with blood supply from descending branches, oblique branches, and rectus femoris branches of lateral circumflex femoral artery were type 1, 2, and 3 retrograde anterolateral thigh perforator flaps, respectively. The preoperative CTA examination of lateral circumflex femoral artery and its branches were consistent with those observed during operation. The relative lengths of vascular pedicles of type 1, 2, and 3 retrograde anterolateral thigh perforator flaps calculated after CTA examination were 0.32±0.13, 0.56±0.07, and 0.56±0.15, which were close to 0.35±0.12, 0.52±0.10, and 0.53±0.12 measured and calculated during operation, respectively (t=0.45, 0.80, 0.31, P>0.05). All flaps survived in 17 cases without vascular crisis. At the last follow-up, 16 patients were satisfied with effects of flaps in wound repair, with 1 patient feeling average about the effect; the flexion range of knee joint was 100-120°, and the extension range of knee joint was -2-0°; knee joint function was evaluated as excellent in 9 cases, good in 7 cases, and poor in 1 case; the sensory function of the flap area reached S4 level in 2 cases, S3 level in 8 cases, and S2 level in 7 cases; the wounds in flap donor sites healed well; there was no adverse effect in motor function of limbs. Conclusions: Retrograde anterolateral thigh perforator flap is an effective method for repairing skin and soft tissue defects around the knee or in proximal lower leg. Preoperative CTA examination can fully show the anatomical characteristics of the branches of the lateral circumflex femoral artery and the perforating vessels of each branch, which can guide preoperative flap design and operation, thus shortening operation time and improving flap survival rate, with good clinical effects.


Assuntos
Retalho Perfurante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Adulto , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Perna (Membro) , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante de Pele , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Coxa da Perna , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 151-157, 2021 Feb 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858047

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to investigate the clinical features and prognostic factors of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and assess the prognostic value of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hyperglycemia during DLBCL treatment in DLBCL. Methods: The clinical data of 481 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2019 at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital and Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were retrospectively collected, focusing on their blood glucose levels before and during treatment. Cox regression method was used for univariate analysis to assess prognostic factors, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves to assess the prognostic value of DM and hyperglycemia during DLBCL treatment in patients with DLBCL. Results: Eighty-two (17.0%) patients had DM before DLBCL diagnosis and treatment, and 88 (18.3%) patients had at least one blood glucose increase during DLBCL treatment. Cox univariate analysis showed that age, Ann Arbor stage, international prognostic index, and DM were associated with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) (all P<0.05) . The pairwise comparison between the two groups showed that the OS (P=0.001) and PFS (P<0.001) of patients with pre-existing DM were significantly worse than those of patients without abnormal blood glucose. Moreover, the OS (P=0.003) and PFS (P<0.001) of patients with hyperglycemia during DLBCL treatment were significantly worse than those of patients without abnormal blood glucose. No significant difference exists between patients with DM and patients with hyperglycemia during DLBCL treatment (OS, P=0.557; PFS, P=0.463) . Additionally, patients with adequate glycemic control during chemotherapy had a better prognosis compared with patients with poor glycemic control (OS, P=0.037; PFS, P=0.007) . Conclusion: DM is an important factor affecting the prognosis of patients with DLBCL. Moreover, hyperglycemia during treatment is related to the poor prognosis of patients with DLBCL.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hiperglicemia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/complicações , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico
7.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 42(4): 694-700, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33664105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The ability of the ivy sign on contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MR imaging (CEMR) to reflect cerebral perfusion and postoperative revascularization in Moyamoya disease remains largely unknown. We aimed to compare the capabilities of CEMR and FLAIR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CEMR, FLAIR, arterial spin-labeling, and DSA were performed in 44 patients with Moyamoya disease. The ivy sign was scored separately on CEMR and FLAIR using the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score. The status of leptomeningeal collaterals was scored on DSA. The postoperative Matsushima grade was evaluated at least 3 months after surgical revascularization. RESULTS: Scoring of the ivy sign on CEMR showed excellent interrater reliability, and FLAIR vascular hyperintensity showed moderate interrater reliability. Correlation analyses revealed that DSA scores were more consistent with the CEMR-based ivy sign score (r = 0.25, P = .03) than with FLAIR vascular hyperintensity (r = 0.05, P = .65). The CEMR-based ivy sign score was significantly correlated with CBF in late-Suzuki stage Moyamoya disease (t = -2.64, P = .02). The CEMR-based ivy sign score at baseline was significantly correlated with the postoperative Matsushima grade (r = 0.48, P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, CEMR outperformed FLAIR in capturing the ivy sign in Moyamoya disease. In addition, the CEMR-based ivy sign score provided adequate information on hemodynamic status and postoperative neovascularization. The current study suggested that CEMR could be considered as an alternative to FLAIR in future studies investigating leptomeningeal collaterals in Moyamoya disease.


Assuntos
Doença de Moyamoya , Adulto , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Meninges , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Moyamoya/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Moyamoya/cirurgia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
Animal ; 15(3): 100004, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526406

RESUMO

Pumpkin seed cake (PSC), a byproduct of pumpkin seed oil processing, is used in ruminant feed as a beneficial protein source. Experiments were conducted to evaluate PSC as a substitute for soybean meal in the diets of lactating cows based on performance, rumen fermentation, antioxidant function and nitrogen partitioning. Six multiparous lactating cows were used in a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square experiment with 27-day periods. The cows were randomly divided into three treatment groups: group (1) was fed a diet containing no PSC (0PSC), and groups (2) and (3) were fed diets in which soybean meal was replaced with PSC and dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) at levels of 50% (50PSC) and 100% (100PSC), respectively. The diets were isonitrogenous and contained identical roughage but different proportions of PSC and DDGS. Replacement of soybean meal with PSC and DDGS did not influence rumen degradation, milk performance, rumen fermentation, DM intake or apparent total tract digestibility, and nitrogen partitioning between milk, feces and urine did not differ in the animals fed the three diets. However, compared with a diet containing no PSC, the total antioxidant capacity (P < 0.05) and antioxidant enzymes (total superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase) activities (P < 0.05) were increased in the animals that received the 50PSC and 100PSC diets. In contrast, addition of PSC significantly reduced concentrations of aspartate transaminase (P < 0.05), alkaline phosphatase (P < 0.05) and malondialdehyde (P < 0.05) in the plasma. These results demonstrate that PSC can be completely substituted for soybean meal in the diet of dairy cows without any negative impact on milk performance, rumen fermentation or apparent digestibility and that this dietary change improves antioxidant functions and blood parameters in dairy cows, indicating that PSC has the potential for use as a feed source for dairy cows.


Assuntos
Cucurbita , Leite , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Bovinos , Cucurbita/metabolismo , Dieta/veterinária , Proteínas na Dieta/metabolismo , Feminino , Fermentação , Lactação , Leite/metabolismo , Rúmen/metabolismo , Sementes/química , Soja/metabolismo , Zea mays/metabolismo
9.
Br J Dermatol ; 185(2): 391-404, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human skin, which is constantly exposed to solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR), has a unique ability to respond by increasing its pigmentation in a protective process driven by melanogenesis in human epidermal melanocytes (HEMs). However, the molecular mechanisms used by HEMs to detect and respond to UVR remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the function and potential mechanism of opsin 5 (OPN5), a photoreceptor responsive to UVR wavelengths, in melanogenesis in HEMs. METHODS: Melanin content in HEMs was determined using the NaOH method, and activity of tyrosinase (TYR) (a key enzyme in melanin synthesis) was determined by the l-DOPA method. OPN5 expression in UVR-treated vs. untreated HEMs and explant tissues was detected by reverse-transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), Western blotting and immunofluorescence. Short interfering RNA-mediated OPN5 knockdown and a lentivirus OPN5 overexpression model were used to examine their respective effects on TYR, tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TRP1), TRP2 and microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) expression, under UVR. Changes in expression of TYR, TRP1 and TRP2 caused by changes in OPN5 expression level were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Furthermore, changes in signalling pathway proteins were assayed. RESULTS: We found that OPN5 is the key sensor in HEMs responsible for UVR-induced melanogenesis. OPN5-induced melanogenesis required Ca2+ -dependent G protein-coupled receptor- and protein kinase C signal transduction, thus contributing to the UVR-induced MITF response to mediate downstream cellular effects, and providing evidence of OPN5 function in mammalian phototransduction. Remarkably, OPN5 activation was necessary for UVR-induced increase in cellular melanin and has an inherent function in melanocyte melanogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide insight into the molecular mechanisms of UVR sensing and phototransduction in melanocytes, and may reveal molecular targets for preventing pigmentation or pigment diseases.


Assuntos
Melanócitos , Raios Ultravioleta , Animais , Epiderme , Humanos , Melaninas , Fator de Transcrição Associado à Microftalmia , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase , Opsinas , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
10.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 147(1): 112-125, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lateral epicondylitis is a common overuse injury affecting approximately 1 to 3 percent of the population. Although symptoms may disappear spontaneously within 1 year, the clinical guidelines for conservative treatment are not clear. The authors' objective was to examine the outcomes of nonsurgical treatments for lateral epicondylitis through a meta-analysis and provide a treatment recommendation using the available evidence. METHODS: The authors searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and Web of Science databases to identify primary research articles studying conservative treatments (electrophysiotherapy, physical therapy, and injections) for lateral epicondylitis. The authors included randomized controlled trials published in peer-reviewed journals. Data related to outcomes (pain, grip strength, Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation score, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score) and complications were extracted. RESULTS: Fifty-eight randomized controlled trials were included in the meta-analysis. Electrophysiotherapy was effective in improving pain [mean difference, -10.0 (95 percent CI, -13.8 to -6.1)], Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation score [mean difference, -10.7 (95 percent CI, -16.3 to -5.0)], and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score [mean difference, -11.9 (95 percent CI, -15.8 to -7.9)]; and physical therapy improved pain [mean difference, -6.0 (95 percent CI, -9.7 to -2.3)] and Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation scores [mean difference, -7.5 (95 percent CI, -11.8 to -3.2)] compared to placebo. Injections did not improve any outcome measures. Patients who received electrophysiotherapy and injections reported higher adverse effects than physical therapy patients. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who received electrophysiotherapy and physical therapy reported statistically and clinically improved scores in pain and function compared to placebo. Injections may put patients at higher risk for adverse effects compared to other conservative treatments. When managing lateral epicondylitis conservatively, electrophysiotherapy and physical therapy should be prioritized before other interventions. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, I.


Assuntos
Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor/diagnóstico , Cotovelo de Tenista/terapia , Tratamento Conservador/efeitos adversos , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/efeitos adversos , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/efeitos adversos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Humanos , Injeções/efeitos adversos , Injeções/métodos , Dor/etiologia , Manejo da Dor/efeitos adversos , Medição da Dor , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Cotovelo de Tenista/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Int Endod J ; 54(4): 572-584, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200415

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the potential role of Krüppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) in the odontoblastic differentiation of immortalized dental papilla mesenchymal cells (iMDP-3) cells. METHODOLOGY: Alizarin Red S (ARS) and Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining was used to examine the mineralization effect of iMDP-3 cells after odontoblastic induction. Real-time PCR and Western blotting were employed to analyse dentine sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), dentine matrix protein 1 (DMP1), RUNX family transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), ALP and KLF6 expression during this process. Co-expression of the KLF6 with DMP1, DSPP and RUNX2 was detected by double immunofluorescence staining to explore their local relationship in the cell. To further investigate KLF6 functions, Klf6 gain- and loss-of-function assays followed by ARS and ALP stainings, real-time PCR and Western blotting were performed using Klf6-overexpression plasmids and Klf6 siRNA to investigate whether changes in Klf6 expression affect the odontoblastic differentiation of iMDP-3 cells. Dual-luciferase reporter assays were used to elucidate the mechanistic regulation of Dspp and Dmp1 expression by Klf6. Means were compared using the unpaired t-test and Kruskal-Wallis one-way anova with P < 0.05 and P < 0.01 defined as statistical significance levels. RESULTS: The expression levels of Klf6 (P < 0.01), Dspp (P < 0.05), Dmp1 (P < 0.01), Runx2 (P < 0.01) and Alp (P < 0.01) were significantly elevated during odontoblastic differentiation of iMDP-3 cells. KLF6 was co-localized with DSPP, DMP1 and RUNX2 in the cytoplasm and nucleus of iMDP-3 cells. Overexpression of Klf6 promoted the odontoblastic differentiation of iMDP-3, whereas the inhibition of Klf6 prevented this procession. Dual-luciferase assays revealed that Klf6 upregulates Dspp and Dmp1 transcription in iMDP-3 cells during odontoblastic differentiation. CONCLUSION: Klf6 promoted odontoblastic differentiation by targeting the transcription promoter of Dmp1 and Dspp. This study may offer novel insights into strategies for treating injuries to dental pulp tissue.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Dentina , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Fator 6 Semelhante a Kruppel , Odontoblastos , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Sialoglicoproteínas/genética
12.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 1197-1201, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147916

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between the worker-occupation fit and occupational stress in nurses. Methods: Convenience sampling method was used to collect 1 463 nurses from one general hospital and three specialized hospitals from July to October 2019. Depression-anxiety-stress scale (DASS-21) was used to assess the level of occupational stress. Pearson correlation and multivariate logistic regression model were used to analyze the relationship between the worker-occupation fit and occupational stress. Results: The average age of 1 463 nurses was (31.8±7.2) years, and 92.3% (n=1 350) of nurses were female. 47.2% (n=690) of nurses had occupational stress and the mean score of worker-occupation fit was (34.4±6.1). The worker-occupation fit and occupational stress had a significant negative correlation (r=-0.472, P<0.001). The moderate and high level of the worker-occupation fit, characteristic fit, need supply fit, and demand ability fit had protective effects on occupational stress based on the outcome of multivariate logistic regression model [OR (95%CI) were 0.40 (0.28-0.59), 0.16 (0.10-0.24); 0.32 (0.22-0.47), 0.18 (0.11-0.20); 0.33 (0.21-0.52), 0.18 (0.11-0.30); 0.59 (0.37-0.9), 0.54 (0.38-0.78), respectively]. Conclusion: The worker-occupation fit and different types of fit, including characteristic fit, need supply fit, and demand ability fit, could be associated with the occupational stress.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Ocupações , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(11): 1753-1757, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32746606

RESUMO

This paper reviews the limitations of current infectious disease surveillance and early warning system in China, analyzes the concepts and countermeasures of the establishment of an intelligent early warning platform of infectious diseases based on multi-point trigger mechanism and multi-channel surveillance mechanism and proposes the realization routes for the purpose of facilitating capacity building and improvement of surveillance and early warning of infectious diseases in China.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , China , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Vigilância da População
14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(6): 3322-3330, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271450

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect differentially expressed micro ribonucleic acids (miRNAs) in rats with myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MIR), and to explore the influence of miR-19a on MIR rats and its mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Firstly, the Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were used to prepare MIR models, RNAs were extracted, and miRNA sequencing analysis was carried out to determine differentially expressed miRNAs related to MIR. Secondly, the predicted target genes of miR-19a were collected, and WebGestalt was applied to analyze gene ontology (GO) and pathway enrichment. Thirdly, the expression of the related proteins and the apoptosis of myocardial cells in MIR rats were detected via Western blotting. Fourthly, the interaction between miR-19a and the target gene phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) was examined through Luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Compared with that in the Sham operation (Sham) group, the miR-19a expression in rat myocardial tissues in the MIR group was significantly increased (p<0.05). Compared with those in the miR-negative control (miR-NC) group, the messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expressions of PTEN in the miR-19a group were notably decreased (p<0.05). In comparison with the miR-NC group, miR-19a group had elevated expression of phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-Akt) (p<0.05). The Luciferase reporter gene assay manifested the direct binding of miR-19a to PTEN mRNA. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-19a inhibits the PTEN expression by directly binding to the 3'-UTR of PTEN mRNA, thus activating the Akt/p-Akt signaling pathway to suppress the apoptosis of myocardial cells in MIR injury.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Animais , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/genética
15.
J Dent Res ; 99(4): 463-471, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040930

RESUMO

Cleft palate is among the most common structural birth defects in humans. Previous studies have shown that mutations in FOXF2 are associated with cleft palate in humans and mice and that Foxf2 acts in a Shh-Foxf-Fgf18-Shh molecular network controlling palatal shelf growth. In this study, we combined RNA-seq and ChIP-seq approaches to identify direct transcriptional target genes mediating Foxf2 function in palate development in mice. Of 155 genes that exhibited Foxf2-dependent expression in the developing palatal mesenchyme, 88 contained or were located next to Foxf2-binding sites. Through in situ hybridization analyses, we demonstrate that expression of many of these target genes, including multiple genes encoding transcription factors and several encoding extracellular matrix-modifying proteins, were specifically upregulated in the posterior region of palatal shelves in Foxf2-/- mouse embryos. Foxf2 occupancy at many of these putative target loci, including Fgf18, in the developing palatal tissues was verified by ChIP-polymerase chain reaction analyses. One of the Foxf2 target genes, Chst2, encodes a carbohydrate sulfotransferase integral to glycosaminoglycan sulfation. Correlating with ectopic Chst2 expression, Foxf2-/- embryos a exhibited region-specific increase in sulfated keratan sulfate and a concomitant reduction in chondroitin sulfate accumulation in the posterior palatal mesenchyme. However, expression of the core protein of versican, a major chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan important in palatal shelf morphogenesis, was increased, whereas expression of collagen I was reduced in the corresponding region of the palatal mesenchyme. These results indicate that, in addition to regulating palatal shelf growth through the Fgf18-Shh signaling network, Foxf2 controls palatal shelf morphogenesis through regulating expression of multiple transcription factors as well as through directly controlling the synthesis and processing of extracellular matrix components in the palatal mesenchyme. Our ChIP-seq and RNA-seq data sets provide an excellent resource for comprehensive understanding of the molecular network controlling palate development.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Biológicos , Fissura Palatina , Animais , Criança , Fissura Palatina/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Palato
16.
Br J Dermatol ; 182(5): 1228-1244, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31380578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation (mainly UVA) induces a sustained increase of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), especially MMP1, MMP2, MMP3 and MMP9 in human skin fibroblasts. MMPs can lead to the degradation of fibrous connective tissue, which is the main cause of skin photoageing. The molecular mechanisms through which fibroblasts sense UVA and trigger the cell signalling pathways involved in the upregulation of MMPs have not been well elucidated. OBJECTIVES: Here, we investigated the function and potential mechanisms of photoageing of opsin (OPN)3 in normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs). METHODS: Real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis were used to analyse the expression levels of OPN3 in NHDFs and photoageing models. Subsequently, NHDFs transfected with OPN3 inhibitors and indicators related to photoageing before and after UVA irradiation included expression levels of MMP1, MMP2, MMP3 and MMP9, and signalling pathway protein molecules were examined. RESULTS: We provide evidence that OPN3 initiates UVA phototransduction in NHDFs. OPN3 triggers phosphorylation of activator protein 1 and ultimately upregulates MMP1, MMP2, MMP3 and MMP9 in NHDFs through activating Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein, extracellular signal-regulated kinase, c-JUN N-terminal kinase and p38. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that OPN3 is the key sensor responsible for upregulating MMP1, MMP2, MMP3 and MMP9 in NHDFs following UVA exposure via the calcium-dependent G protein-coupled signalling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Our studies provide insights into the understanding of the molecular mechanisms through which human skin cells respond to UVA radiation and may reveal molecular targets for skin photoageing prevention or clinical management. What's already known about this topic? Photoaged fibroblasts accumulate with long-term ultraviolet (UV) exposure. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of photoageing. MMP1, MMP2, MMP3 and MMP9 are responsible for the destruction of fibroblast collagen in severely photodamaged skin. Opsins (OPNs) are light-sensitive members of the superfamily of heptahelical G protein-coupled receptors, a family of cell surface receptors that are activated by a variety of stimuli and mediate signalling across membranes. What does this study add? OPN3 is highly expressed in fibroblasts and responds to UVA irradiation. OPN3 regulates the expression of MMP1, MMP2, MMP3 and MMP9 via the calcium-dependent G protein-coupled signalling pathway. OPN3 is a light-sensitive sensor that plays an important role in photoageing of the skin.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento da Pele , Pele , Células Cultivadas , Fibroblastos , Humanos , Opsinas , Opsinas de Bastonetes , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
17.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 37(10): 773-777, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726510

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the hearing self-protection behavior patterns and internal factors of workers exposured to occupational noise in an aircraft manufacturing industry based on health belief model, so as to provide reference for further health promotion programs and intervention measures. Methods: A total of 1600 front-line workers were selected from 10 units of an aircraft manufacturing enterprise by cluster sampling method. The basic and occupational information of employees were collected, and a self-reported questionnaire was designed according to the health belief model to acquire the hearing self-protection behaviors of workers. Results: There were significant differences in the perceived severity, perceived benefit, perceived impairment, self-efficacy and behavioral incentive scores of different hearing self-protection behaviors among the noise-causing workers (P<0.05). There were significant differences in the distribution of hearing self-protection behaviors among different genders, ages, education levels, length of service, initial noise exposure time and cumulative noise reception time (P<0.05). The perceived benefits, perceived barriers, behavioral incentives, self-efficacy scores, and educational attainment of the noise-causing workers were all related to the type of hearing self-protection behavior (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The educational level and health belief model can predict the hearing self-protection behavior patterns of front-line workers to some extent, more attention should be paid to the monitoring of the well-educated employees.


Assuntos
Dispositivos de Proteção das Orelhas , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/prevenção & controle , Ruído Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
18.
J Dent Res ; 98(12): 1367-1375, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509714

RESUMO

Cleft palate is a common major birth defect resulting from disruption of palatal shelf growth, elevation, or fusion during fetal palatogenesis. Whereas the molecular mechanism controlling palatal shelf elevation is not well understood, a prevailing hypothesis is that region-specific accumulation of hyaluronan, a predominant extracellular glycosaminoglycan in developing palatal mesenchyme, plays a major role in palatal shelf elevation. However, direct genetic evidence for a requirement of hyaluronan in palate development is still lacking. In this study, we show that Has2, 1 of 3 hyaluronan synthases in mammals, plays a major role in hyaluronan synthesis in the neural crest-derived craniofacial mesenchyme during palatogenesis in mice. We analyzed developmental defects caused by tissue-specific inactivation of Has2 throughout the cranial neural crest lineage or specifically in developing palatal or mandibular mesenchyme, respectively, using Wnt1-Cre, Osr2-Cre, and Hand2-Cre transgenic mice. Inactivation of Has2 either throughout the neural crest lineage or specifically in the developing palatal mesenchyme caused reduced palatal shelf size and increased palatal mesenchyme cell density prior to the time of normal palatal shelf elevation. Whereas both Has2f/f;Wnt1-Cre and Has2f/f;Osr2-Cre mutant mice exhibit cleft palate at complete penetrance, the Has2f/f; Wnt1-Cre fetuses showed dramatically reduced mandible size and complete failure of palatal shelf elevation, whereas Has2f/f;Osr2-Cre fetuses had normal mandibles and delayed palatal shelf elevation. All Has2f/f;Hand2-Cre pups showed reduced mandible size and about 50% of them had cleft palate with disruption of palatal shelf elevation. Results from explant culture assays indicate that disruption of palatal shelf elevation in Has2f/f;Hand2-Cre mutant fetuses resulted from physical obstruction by the malformed mandible and tongue. Together, these data indicate that hyaluronan plays a crucial intrinsic role in palatal shelf expansion and timely reorientation to the horizontal position above the tongue as well as an important role in mandibular morphogenesis that secondarily affects palatal shelf elevation.


Assuntos
Fissura Palatina/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Hialuronan Sintases/fisiologia , Palato/enzimologia , Animais , Feminino , Hialuronan Sintases/genética , Ácido Hialurônico/fisiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177707

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the regulatory effect of miR-29c on the trans-differentiation of pulmonary fibroblasts into myofibroblasts induced by silica dust. Methods: Fibroblasts obtained from SD rat lung tissue and pulmonary macrophages (NR8383) were co-cultured to establish the silicosis cell model in vitro. And real time-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western Blot assays were performed to detect the altered expression level of miR-29c and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) . After that, the in vitro cell model was transfected with corresponding viruses to establish miR-29c overexpression and inhibition cell models, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of α-SMA were detected simultaneously. Results: Compared with control group, the expression level of miR-29c in the silicosis cell model in vitro was down-regulated significantly after 12 or 18 h exposed to SiO(2), and both of the mRNA and protein expression levels of α-SMA were up-regulated instead (P<0.05) . When transfected with corresponding viruses, the mRNA and protein expression levels of α-SMA in the pulmonary fibroblasts were significantly up-regulated in miR-29c inhibition group and down-regulated in miR-29c overexpression group (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Based on the findings, it could be safely infered that the development of pulmonary fibrosis could be impeded by inhibiting transdifferentiation process of pulmonary fibroblasts into myofibroblasts regulated by miR-29c, miR-29c could be an potential therapeutic target to lung fibrosis induced by silica.


Assuntos
Transdiferenciação Celular , MicroRNAs , Animais , Fibroblastos , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Dióxido de Silício/toxicidade
20.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 42(11): 1307-1317, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079353

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of miR-217 and HIF-1α/VEGF pathway in patients with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) and its effect on angiogenesis in DFU rats. METHODS: The serum levels of miR-217, HIF-1α and VEGF were detected in DFU and simple diabetes mellitus (DM) patients, and healthy controls. DFU rat models were established and treated with miR-217 inhibitors and/or HIF-1α siRNA. The ulcer healing of DFU rats was observed. Besides, ELISA method was performed to detect the serum level of HIF-1α, VEGF and inflammatory factors, immunohistochemical (IHC) method to test the micro-vessel density (MVD), as well as qRT-PCR and Western blot to determine expressions of miR-217, HIF-1α, VEGF, VEGFR2, eNOS, MMP-2, and MMP-9 in tissues. RESULTS: The serum levels of miR-217 were up-regulated while HIF-1α and VEGF were down-regulated in DFU patients and rats when compared with DM and healthy controls (all P < 0.05). Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that HIF-1α was the direct target gene of miR-217. DFU rats treated with miR-217 inhibitors had decreased foot ulcer area and accelerated ulcer healing, with significantly reduced inflammatory factors (IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-6), as well as elevated HIF-1α and VEGF (all P < 0.05); meanwhile, they remarkably increased the MVD in foot dorsum wound tissues and the protein expressions of HIF-1α, VEGF, VEGFR2, eNOS, MMP-2, and MMP-9 (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Inhibiting miR-217 could up-regulate HIF-1α/VEGF pathway to promote angiogenesis and ameliorate inflammation of DFU rats, thereby effectively advancing the healing of ulcerated area.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Pé Diabético/patologia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pé Diabético/epidemiologia , Pé Diabético/genética , Pé Diabético/metabolismo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Cicatrização
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