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1.
Sci Rep ; 6: 20581, 2016 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26838665

RESUMO

Unlike conventional photon lasing, in which the threshold is limited by the population inversion of the electron-hole plasma, the exciton lasing generated by exciton-exciton scattering and the polariton lasing generated by dynamical condensates have received considerable attention in recent years because of the sub-Mott density and low-threshold operation. This paper presents a novel approach to generate both exciton and polariton lasing in a strongly coupled microcavity (MC) and determine the critical driving requirements for simultaneously triggering these two lasing operation in temperature <140 K and large negative polariton-exciton offset (<-133 meV) conditions. In addition, the corresponding lasing behaviors, such as threshold energy, linewidth, phase diagram, and angular dispersion are verified. The results afford a basis from which to understand the complicated lasing mechanisms in strongly coupled MCs and verify a new method with which to trigger dual laser emission based on exciton and polariton.

2.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 9(1): 505, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25258616

RESUMO

The flip chip ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (FC UV-LEDs) with a wavelength of 365 nm are developed with the ex situ reactive plasma deposited (RPD) AlN nucleation layer on patterned sapphire substrate (PSS) by an atmospheric pressure metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (AP MOCVD). The ex situ RPD AlN nucleation layer can significantly reduce dislocation density and thus improve the crystal quality of the GaN epitaxial layers. Utilizing high-resolution X-ray diffraction, the full width at half maximum of the rocking curve shows that the crystalline quality of the epitaxial layer with the (RPD) AlN nucleation layer is better than that with the low-temperature GaN (LT-GaN) nucleation layer. The threading dislocation density (TDD) is estimated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), which shows the reduction from 6.8 × 10(7) cm(-2) to 2.6 × 10(7) cm(-2). Furthermore, the light output power (LOP) of the LEDs with the RPD AlN nucleation layer has been improved up to 30 % at a forward current of 350 mA compared to that of the LEDs grown on PSS with conventional LT-GaN nucleation layer.

3.
Opt Express ; 22(3): 2317-23, 2014 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24663524

RESUMO

We demonstrated GaN-based photonic crystal (PC) nanobeam cavities by using the e-beam lithography and the suspended nanobeams were realized by focused-ion beam (FIB) milling. One resonant mode was clearly observed at 411.7 nm at 77K by optical pumping. The quality factor was measured to be to 7.4 × 10(2). Moreover, the degree of polarization value was measured to be 40%. The temperature-dependent characteristics were measured and discussed, which unambiguously demonstrated that the observed resonant peak originated from the band-edge mode of the one-dimensional PC nanobeam.

4.
Opt Express ; 22(1): 463-9, 2014 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24515006

RESUMO

A tapered AlGaN electron blocking layer with step-graded aluminum composition is analyzed in nitride-based blue light-emitting diode (LED) numerically and experimentally. The energy band diagrams, electrostatic fields, carrier concentration, electron current density profiles, and hole transmitting probability are investigated. The simulation results demonstrated that such tapered structure can effectively enhance the hole injection efficiency as well as the electron confinement. Consequently, the LED with a tapered EBL grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition exhibits reduced efficiency droop behavior of 29% as compared with 44% for original LED, which reflects the improvement in hole injection and electron overflow in our design.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/química , Gálio/química , Índio/química , Iluminação/instrumentação , Semicondutores , Transporte de Elétrons , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Teste de Materiais
5.
Opt Express ; 20(5): 5530-7, 2012 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22418359

RESUMO

We report on the room temperature polariton lasing and photon lasing in a ZnO-based hybrid microcavity under optical pumping. A series of experimental studies of the polariton lasing (exciton-photon detunings of δ = -119 meV) in the strong-coupling regime are discussed and compared to a photon lasing (δ = -45 meV) in the weak-coupling regime obtained in the same structure. The measured threshold power density (31.8 kW/cm2) of polariton lasing is one order of magnitude lower than that of the photon lasing (318.2 kW/cm2). In addition, the comparison between polariton lasing and photon lasing is done in terms of the linewidth broadening, blue-shift of the emission peak, and polarization.


Assuntos
Amplificadores Eletrônicos , Lasers , Óxido de Zinco/química , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Fótons , Temperatura
6.
Nanotechnology ; 23(4): 045303, 2012 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22222308

RESUMO

In this paper, the high performance GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with embedded microscale air voids and an SiO(2) nanomask by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) were demonstrated. Microscale air voids and an SiO(2) nanomask were clearly observed at the interface between GaN nanorods (NRs) and the overgrown GaN layer by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). From the reflectance spectra we show strong reflectance differences due to the different refractive index gradient between the GaN grown on the nanotemplate and sapphire. It can increase the light extraction efficiency due to additional light scattering. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images show the threading dislocations were suppressed by nanoscale epitaxial lateral overgrowth (NELOG). The LEDs with embedded microscale air voids and an SiO(2) nanomask exhibit smaller reverse-bias current and large enhancement of the light output (65% at 20 mA) compared with conventional LEDs.

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