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1.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 10225-10234, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647736

RESUMO

The recurrent neural network with the long short-term memory cell (LSTM-NN) is employed to simulate the long-time dynamics of open quantum systems. The bootstrap method is applied in the LSTM-NN construction and prediction, which provides a Monte Carlo estimation of a forecasting confidence interval. Within this approach, a large number of LSTM-NNs are constructed by resampling time-series sequences that were obtained from the early stage quantum evolution given by numerically exact multilayer multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree method. The built LSTM-NN ensemble is used for the reliable propagation of the long-time quantum dynamics, and the simulated result is highly consistent with the exact evolution. The forecasting uncertainty that partially reflects the reliability of the LSTM-NN prediction is also given. This demonstrates the bootstrap-based LSTM-NN approach is a practical and powerful tool to propagate the long-time quantum dynamics of open systems with high accuracy and low computational cost.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 9710-9719, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590858

RESUMO

The time-resolved polarization-sensitive transient-absorption (TA) pump-probe (PP) spectra are simulated using on-the-fly surface-hopping nonadiabatic dynamics and the doorway-window representation of nonlinear spectroscopy. A dendrimer model system composed of two linear phenylene ethynylene units (2-ring and 3-ring) is taken as an example. The ground-state bleach (GSB), stimulated emission (SE), and excited-state absorption (ESA) contributions as well as the total TA PP signals are obtained and carefully analyzed. It is shown that intramolecular excited-state energy transfer from the 2-ring unit to the 3-ring unit can be conveniently identified by employing pump and probe pulses with different polarizations. Our results demonstrate that time-resolved polarization-sensitive TA PP signals provide a powerful tool for the elucidation of excited-state energy-transfer pathways, notably in molecular systems possessing several optically bright nonadiabatically coupled electronic states with different orientations of transition dipole moments.

3.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591049

RESUMO

We implement spin-orbit coupling (SOC) within the framework of semiempirical orthogonalization-corrected methods (OMx). The excited-state wavefunction is generated from configuration interaction with single excitations (CIS). The SOC Hamiltonian in terms of the one-electron Breit-Pauli operator with effective nuclear charges is adopted in this work. Benchmark calculations show that SOCs evaluated using the OMx/CIS method agree very well with those obtained from time-dependent density functional theory. As a particularly attractive application, we incorporate SOCs between singlet and triplet states into Tully's fewest switches surface hopping algorithm to enable excited-state nonadiabatic dynamics simulations, treating internal conversion and intersystem crossing on an equal footing. This semiempirical dynamics simulation approach is applied to investigate ultrafast intersystem crossing processes in core-substituted naphthalenediimides.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546246

RESUMO

The photolysis mechanism of methyl nitrate (CH3ONO2) was studied using the on-the-fly surface hopping dynamics at the XMS-CASPT2 level. Several critical geometries, including electronic state minima and conical intersections, were obtained, which play essential roles in the nonadiabatic dynamics of CH3ONO2. The ultrafast nonadiabatic decay dynamics to the ground state were simulated, which gives a proper explanation on the broad and structureless absorption spectra of CH3ONO2. The photodissociation channels, including CH3O + NO2, CH3O + NO + O, and others, as well as their branching ratios, were identified. When the dynamics starts from the lowest two electronic states (S1 and S2), the CH3O + NO2 channel is the dominant photolysis pathway, although we observed the minor contributions of other channels. In contrast, when the trajectories start from the third excited state S3, both CH3O + NO2 and CH3O + NO + O channels become important. Here the CH3O-NO2 bond dissociation takes place first, and then for some trajectories, the N-O bond of the NO2 part breaks successively. The quasi-degeneracy of electronic states may exist in the dissociation limits of both CH3O + NO2 and CH3O + NO + O channels. The current work provides valuable information in the understanding of experimental findings of the wavelength-dependent photolysis mechanism of CH3ONO2.

5.
Chemosphere ; 281: 130831, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289597

RESUMO

The understanding of the photochemistry of antibiotic compounds is important because it gives the direct information on the possible environmental pollution caused by them. Due to their large size, the theoretical studies of their excited-state reactions are rather challenging. In current work, we combined the on-the-fly trajectory surface-hopping dynamics, conical-intersection optimizations and excited-state pathway calculations to study the photochemistry of the trans-isomer of nitrofurantoin, a widely-used drug to treat the urinary tract infections. The dynamics-then-pathway approach was taken. First the trajectory surface hopping dynamics at the state-averaged complete-active-space self-consistent-field (SA-CASSCF) level with small active space and small basis sets were run. Second, the minimum-energy conical-intersection optimizations were performed. Finally the excited pathways from the Frank-Condon region to different reaction channels were built at the multi-state multi-reference second-order perturbation (MS-CASPT2) level with large active space and large basis set. Several possible channels responsible for the photo-induced reaction mechanism of the trans-nitrofurantoin were obtained, including the cleavage of the NO bond of the NO2 moiety, the photoisomerization at the central CN bond, and other internal conversion channels. Our findings give some preliminary explanations on available experimental observations. It is also demonstrates that the current theoretical approach is a powerful tool to explore the excited-state reactions in the photochemistry of media-sized or large-sized drug compounds.


Assuntos
Nitrofurantoína , Teoria Quântica , Isomerismo , Modelos Teóricos , Fotoquímica
6.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 2021 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34028268

RESUMO

The on-the-fly version of the symmetrical quasi-classical dynamics method based on the Meyer-Miller mapping Hamiltonian (SQC/MM) is implemented to study the nonadiabatic dynamics at conical intersections of polyatomic systems. The current on-the-fly implementation of the SQC/MM method is based on the adiabatic representation and the dressed momentum. To include the zero-point energy (ZPE) correction of the electronic mapping variables, we employ both the γ-adjusted and γ-fixed approaches. Nonadiabatic dynamics of the methaniminium cation (CH2NH2+) and azomethane are simulated using the on-the-fly SQC/MM method. For CH2NH2+, both ZPE correction approaches give reasonable and consistent results. However, for azomethane, the γ-adjusted version of the SQC/MM dynamics behaves much better than the γ-fixed version. Further analysis indicates that it is always recommended to use the γ-adjusted SQC/MM dynamics in the on-the-fly simulation of photoinduced dynamics of polyatomic systems, particularly when the excited state is well separated from the ground state in the Franck-Condon region. This work indicates that the on-the-fly SQC/MM method is a powerful simulation protocol to deal with the nonadiabatic dynamics of realistic polyatomic systems.

7.
J Chem Phys ; 154(9): 094122, 2021 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685149

RESUMO

The system-plus-bath model is an important tool to understand the nonadiabatic dynamics of large molecular systems. Understanding the collective motion of a large number of bath modes is essential for revealing their key roles in the overall dynamics. Here, we applied principal component analysis (PCA) to investigate the bath motion in the basis of a large dataset generated from the symmetrical quasi-classical dynamics method based on the Meyer-Miller mapping Hamiltonian nonadiabatic dynamics for the excited-state energy transfer in the Frenkel-exciton model. The PCA method clearly elucidated that two types of bath modes, which either display strong vibronic coupling or have frequencies close to that of the electronic transition, are important to the nonadiabatic dynamics. These observations were fully consistent with the physical insights. The conclusions were based on the PCA of the trajectory data and did not involve significant pre-defined physical knowledge. The results show that the PCA approach, which is one of the simplest unsupervised machine learning dimensionality reduction methods, is a powerful one for analyzing complicated nonadiabatic dynamics in the condensed phase with many degrees of freedom.

8.
Sci Adv ; 7(10)2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674319

RESUMO

We develop an ab initio nonadiabatic molecular dynamics (NAMD) method based on GW plus real-time Bethe-Salpeter equation (GW + rtBSE-NAMD) for the spin-resolved exciton dynamics. From investigations on MoS2, we provide a comprehensive picture of spin-valley exciton dynamics where the electron-phonon (e-ph) scattering, spin-orbit interaction (SOI), and electron-hole (e-h) interactions come into play collectively. In particular, we provide a direct evidence that e-h exchange interaction plays a dominant role in the fast valley depolarization within a few picoseconds, which is in excellent agreement with experiments. Moreover, there are bright-to-dark exciton transitions induced by e-ph scattering and SOI. Our study proves that e-h many-body effects are essential to understand the spin-valley exciton dynamics in transition metal dichalcogenides and the newly developed GW + rtBSE-NAMD method provides a powerful tool for exciton dynamics in extended systems with time, space, momentum, energy, and spin resolution.

10.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(32): 18192-18204, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776027

RESUMO

The exciton dynamics in one-dimensional stacked PBI (Perylene Bisimide) aggregates was studied with SQC-MM dynamics (Symmetrical Quasiclassical Dynamics based on the Meyer-Miller mapping Hamiltonian). Based on linear vibronic coupling models, one-dimensional PBI aggregates with different lengths were investigated. Based on an investigation of short PBI aggregates (10 sites and 80-140 modes) using both the SQC-MM and ML-MCTDH (multilayer multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree) methods, we showed that SQC-MM dynamics give a reasonable description of the exciton dynamics for organic PBI aggregates composed of 101 sites and 808 modes. This allows us to employ SQC-MM dynamics in the explicit study of exciton diffusion for long one-dimensional PBI aggregates based on models with different site-site coupling strengths with/without static disorder by including all the involved electronic and vibrational degrees of freedom.

11.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(48): 26502-26514, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777888

RESUMO

A symmetrical quasiclassical (SQC) dynamics approach based on the Li-Miller (LM) mapping Hamiltonian (SQC-LM) was employed to describe nonadiabatic dynamics. In principle, the different initial sampling procedures may be applied in the SQC-LM dynamics, and the results may be dependent on different initial sampling. We provided various initial sampling approaches and checked their influence. We selected two groups of models including site-exciton models for exciton dynamics and linear vibronic coupling models for conical intersections to test the performance of SQC-LM dynamics with the different initial sampling methods. The results were examined with respect to those of the accurate multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree (MCTDH) quantum dynamics. For both the models, the SQC-LM method more-or-less gives a reasonable description of the population dynamics, while the influence of the initial sampling approaches on the final results is noticeable. It seems that the suitable initial sampling methods should be determined by the system under study. This indicates that the combination of the SQC-LM method with a suitable sampling approach may be a potential method in the description of nonadiabatic dynamics.

12.
J Chem Phys ; 150(16): 164126, 2019 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31042919

RESUMO

We carried out extensive studies to examine the performance of the fewest-switches surface hopping method in the description of the ultrafast intersystem crossing dynamic of various singlet-triplet (S-T) models by comparison with the results of the exact full quantum dynamics. Different implementation details and some derivative approaches were examined. As expected, it is better to perform the trajectory surface hopping calculations in the spin-adiabatic representation or by the local diabatization approach, instead of in the spin-diabatic representation. The surface hopping method provides reasonable results for the short-time dynamics in the S-T model with weak spin-orbital coupling (diabatic coupling), although it does not perform well in the models with strong spin-orbital coupling (diabatic coupling). When the system accesses the S-T potential energy crossing with rather high kinetic energy, the trajectory surface hopping method tends to produce a good description of the nonadiabatic intersystem crossing dynamics. The impact of the decoherence correction on the performance of the trajectory surface hopping is system dependent. It improves the result accuracy in many cases, while its influence may also be minor for other cases.

13.
Org Lett ; 20(22): 7158-7162, 2018 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30398058

RESUMO

An efficient synthesis of thiazolidine-2,4,5-triimine derivatives was developed via Ni-catalyzed oxidative double isocyanide insertion to thioureas under air conditions, in which thioureas play three roles as a substrate, a ligand, and overcoming isocyanide polymerization. The reaction is featured by employing a low-cost and low loading Ni(acac)2 catalyst, without any additives, and high atom economy. This is the first example to directly apply a Ni(II) catalyst in oxidative double isocyanide insertion reactions.

14.
J Chem Phys ; 149(17): 174105, 2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30408974

RESUMO

The symmetrical quasi-classical dynamics method based on the Meyer-Miller mapping Hamiltonian (MM-SQC) shows the great potential in the treatment of the nonadiabatic dynamics of complex systems. We performed the comprehensive benchmark calculations to evaluate the performance of the MM-SQC method in various site-exciton models with respect to the accurate results of quantum dynamics method multilayer multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree (ML-MCTDH). The parameters of the site-exciton models are chosen to represent a few of prototypes used in the description of photoinduced excitonic dynamics processes in photoharvesting systems and organic solar cells, which include the rather broad situations with the fast or slow bath and different system-bath couplings. When the characteristic frequency of the bath is low, the MM-SQC method performs extremely well, and it gives almost the identical results to those of ML-MCTDH. When the fast bath is considered, the deviations exist between the MM-SQC and ML-MCTDH results if the high-frequency bath modes are improperly treated by the classical manner. When the so-called adiabatic renormalization was employed to construct the reduced Hamiltonian by freezing high-frequency modes, the MM-SQC dynamics can give the results comparable to the ML-MCTDH ones. Thus, the MM-SQC method itself provides reasonable results in all test site-exciton models, while the proper treatments of the bath modes must be employed. The possible dependence of the MM-SQC dynamics on the different initial sampling methods for the nuclear degrees of freedom is also discussed.

15.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(40): 25910-25917, 2018 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30289421

RESUMO

Unidirectional rotation represents a very important functional feature in photochemistry, such as in the design of light-driven molecular rotary motors. Great attention has recently been devoted to the unidirectional preference of the torsional motion of azobenzene and other molecules. Azoheteroarenes offer functional advantages over their more conventional azobenzene counterparts due to the introduction of heteroaromatic rings. In this paper, the Z-E photoisomerization dynamics of two azoheteroarenes, 1,2-bis(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)diazene and 1,2-bis(1H-imidazol-2-yl)diazene, are investigated with trajectory surface-hopping molecular dynamics at the semi-empirical OM2/MRCI level. Starting from the S1 excited state of the M-helical Z-isomer of both azoheteroarenes, more than 99% of the trajectories decay to their ground states through the M-helical conical intersections by twisting about the central N[double bond, length as m-dash]N double bond. This chiral path preference can be well understood by the energy profiles generated by the linear interpolation between the Franck-Condon geometry of the M-helical Z-isomer and the relevant S1/S0 conical intersections. The Z-E photoisomerization mechanisms of these two azoheteroarenes display a higher preference for unidirectional rotary dynamics under a chiral path than their counterpart azobenzene.

16.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 9(12): 3485-3490, 2018 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29869887

RESUMO

Hot electron cooling by energy loss to heat through electron-phonon (e-ph) interaction is an important mechanism that can limit the efficiency of solar energy conversion. To avoid such energy loss, sufficient charge separation needs to be realized by extracting hot carriers from the photoconverter before they cool, which requires fast interfacial charge transfer and slow internal hot carrier relaxation. Using ab initio time-dependent nonadiabatic molecular dynamics and taking C60/MoS2 as a prototype system, we show that the superatom molecular orbitals (SAMOs) of fullerenes, which are bound by the central potential of the whole molecule induced by the charge screening, are ideal media for charge separation. The diffuse character of SAMOs results in extremely weak e-ph interaction and therefore acts as a "phonon bottleneck" for hot electron cooling. Furthermore, it also leads to significant hybridization with other atoms at the interface that induces fast charge transfer. The interfacial charge-transfer rate at the C60/MoS2 interface is found to be 2 orders of magnitude faster than the hot electron cooling from s-SAMO in C60. This conclusion is generally applicable for different carbon nanostructures that have SAMOs. The proposed SAMO-induced charge separation provides unique and essential insights into the material design and function for solar energy conversion.

17.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 9(11): 2725-2732, 2018 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29732893

RESUMO

We discuss a theoretical approach that employs machine learning potential energy surfaces (ML-PESs) in the nonadiabatic dynamics simulation of polyatomic systems by taking 6-aminopyrimidine as a typical example. The Zhu-Nakamura theory is employed in the surface hopping dynamics, which does not require the calculation of the nonadiabatic coupling vectors. The kernel ridge regression is used in the construction of the adiabatic PESs. In the nonadiabatic dynamics simulation, we use ML-PESs for most geometries and switch back to the electronic structure calculations for a few geometries either near the S1/S0 conical intersections or in the out-of-confidence regions. The dynamics results based on ML-PESs are consistent with those based on CASSCF PESs. The ML-PESs are further used to achieve the highly efficient massive dynamics simulations with a large number of trajectories. This work displays the powerful role of ML methods in the nonadiabatic dynamics simulation of polyatomic systems.

18.
Chemistry ; 24(39): 9807-9811, 2018 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29691913

RESUMO

Thiazoloisoindigo, a novel structural variation of isoindigo, is for the first time utilized to synthesize conjugated polymers. The polymer based on thiazoloisoindigo merges the advantages of the one based on thienoisoindigo and diazaisoindigo; it not only exhibits a greatly redshifted UV/Vis absorption to the near-infrared region owing to its strong tendency to form quinoidal structures, similar to that based on thienoisoindigo, but also shows excellent ambipolar mobility (hole: 3.93, electron: 1.07 cm2 V-1 s-1 ) in organic field-effect transistors (OFETs), superior to that based on diazaisoindigo, showing the strong electron-withdrawing capability of thiazoloisoindigo.

19.
Nano Lett ; 18(3): 1592-1599, 2018 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29393653

RESUMO

Semiconductor doping is often proposed as an effective route to improving the solar energy conversion efficiency by engineering the band gap; however, it may also introduce electron-hole (e-h) recombination centers, where the determining element for e-h recombination is still unclear. Taking doped TiO2 as a prototype system and by using time domain ab initio nonadiabatic molecular dynamics, we find that the localization of impurity-phonon modes (IPMs) is the key parameter to determine the e-h recombination time scale. Noncompensated charge doping introduces delocalized impurity-phonon modes that induce ultrafast e-h recombination within several picoseconds. However, the recombination can be largely suppressed using charge-compensated light-mass dopants due to the localization of their IPMs. For different doping systems, the e-h recombination time is shown to depend exponentially on the IPM localization. We propose that the observation that delocalized IPMs can induce fast e-h recombination is broadly applicable and can be used in the design and synthesis of functional semiconductors with optimal dopant control.

20.
J Chem Phys ; 149(24): 244104, 2018 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30599730

RESUMO

We propose an "automatic" approach to analyze the results of the on-the-fly trajectory surface hopping simulation on the multi-channel nonadiabatic photoisomerization dynamics by considering the trajectory similarity and the configuration similarity. We choose a representative system phytochromobilin (P Φ B) chromophore model to illustrate the analysis protocol. After a large number of trajectories are obtained, it is possible to define the similarity of different trajectories by the Fréchet distance and to employ the trajectory clustering analysis to divide all trajectories into several clusters. Each cluster in principle represents a photoinduced isomerization reaction channel. This idea provides an effective approach to understand the branching ratio of the multi-channel photoisomerization dynamics. For each cluster, the dimensionality reduction is employed to understand the configuration similarity in the trajectory propagation, which provides the understanding of the major geometry evolution features in each reaction channel. The results show that this analysis protocol not only assigns all trajectories into different photoisomerization reaction channels but also extracts the major molecular motion without the requirement of the pre-known knowledge of the active photoisomerization site. As a side product of this analysis tool, it is also easy to find the so-called "typical" or "representative" trajectory for each reaction channel.


Assuntos
Biliverdina/análogos & derivados , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Algoritmos , Biliverdina/química , Biliverdina/efeitos da radiação , Análise por Conglomerados , Isomerismo , Processos Fotoquímicos
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