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3.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33504485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Janus kinase-1-preferential inhibitor filgotinib versus placebo or tumour necrosis factor-α inhibitor therapy in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) despite ongoing treatment with methotrexate (MTX). METHODS: This 52-week, multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled and active-controlled phase III trial evaluated once-daily oral filgotinib in patients with RA randomised 3:3:2:3 to filgotinib 200 mg (FIL200) or filgotinib 100 mg (FIL100), subcutaneous adalimumab 40 mg biweekly, or placebo (through week 24), all with stable weekly background MTX. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving 20% improvement in American College of Rheumatology criteria (ACR20) at week 12. Additional efficacy outcomes were assessed sequentially. Safety was assessed from adverse events and laboratory abnormalities. RESULTS: The proportion of patients (n=1755 randomised and treated) achieving ACR20 at week 12 was significantly higher for FIL200 (76.6%) and FIL100 (69.8%) versus placebo (49.9%; treatment difference (95% CI), 26.7% (20.6% to 32.8%) and 19.9% (13.6% to 26.2%), respectively; both p<0.001). Filgotinib was superior to placebo in key secondary endpoints assessing RA signs and symptoms, physical function and structural damage. FIL200 was non-inferior to adalimumab in terms of Disease Activity Score in 28 joints with C reactive protein ≤3.2 at week 12 (p<0.001); FIL100 did not achieve non-inferiority. Adverse events and laboratory abnormalities were comparable among active treatment arms. CONCLUSIONS: Filgotinib improved RA signs and symptoms, improved physical function, inhibited radiographic progression and was well tolerated in patients with RA with inadequate response to MTX. FIL200 was non-inferior to adalimumab. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02889796.

4.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2020 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277982

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of 16 weeks treatment with etanercept (ETN), in patients suspected of non-radiographic-axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA). METHODS: TNF inhibitor (TNFi) naive patients with inflammatory back pain (IBP) with at least two SpA-features and high disease activity (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index≥ 4) and without the requirement of positive MRI and/or elevated C-Reactive Protein (CRP), were randomized (1:1) to ETN (n=40) or placebo (PBO) (n=40) for 16 weeks and followed thereafter without study medication up to 24 weeks. Primary endpoint was the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society 20 (ASAS20) response at 16 weeks. Secondary endpoints included ankylosing spondylitis disease activity score (ASDAS), change in mean disease parameters (e.g. Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis metrology index (BASMI), CRP, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada (SPARCC) index scores of the MRI-SIJ, after 16 and 24 weeks. RESULTS: Patient characteristics at baseline were comparable between ETN and PBO. At 16 weeks, no significant difference was observed in ASAS20 response between ETN (n=6, 16.7%) and PBO (n=4, 11.1%) (RR: 0.7, 95% CI [0.2;2.2], p=0.5). Only ESR-level (-2.2 vs.-1.4) showed more improvement (non-significant) in the ETN group compared to PBO at 16 weeks. Between 16 and 24 weeks, without study medication, the BASMI, CRP- (significant) and ESR-level showed a worsening of scores in ETN group compared to PBO. CONCLUSION: This study shows that in patients suspected of nr-axSpA with high disease activity but without the requirement of positive MRI and/or elevated CRP treatment with etanercept is not effective.

5.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144304

RESUMO

Rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) form a diverse group of diseases. Proper disease assessment is pivotal, for instance to make treatment choices and for optimising outcome in general. RMDs are multidimensional diseases, entrenching many, sometimes very different aspects. Composite outcome measures ('composites') have become very popular to assess RMDs, because of their claim to catch all relevant dimensions of the disease into one convenient measure.In this article we discuss dimensionality of RMDs in the context of the most popular conceptual framework of RMDs, being an inflammatory process leading to some sort of damage over time. We will argue that multidimensionality not only refers to heterogeneity in disease manifestations, but also to heterogeneity in possible outcomes. Unlike most unidimensional measures, multidimensional composites may include several disease manifestations as well as several outcome dimensions into one index. We will discuss fundamental problems of multidimensional composites in light of modern strategies such as treat-to-target and personalised medicine.Finally, we will disentangle the use of multidimensional composites in clinical trials versus their use in clinical practice, and propose simple solutions in order to overcome problems of multidimensionality and to avoid harm to our patients due to overtreatment.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057725

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of RA. We evaluated radiographic progression in tofacitinib-treated patients with RA for up to 3 years in two pooled long-term extension (LTE) studies (ORAL Sequel; A3921041) (primary analysis), and for up to 5 years using data integrated from one phase (P)2 (A3921068), two P3 (ORAL Start; ORAL Scan) and two LTE studies (exploratory analysis). METHODS: In LTE studies, patients received tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily (BID) or 10 mg BID as monotherapy or with conventional synthetic (cs)DMARDs. Radiographic outcomes up to 3 years: least squares mean (LSM) change from baseline in van der Heijde modified Total Sharp Score (ΔmTSS), erosion score (ΔES) and joint space narrowing (ΔJSN) score; proportion of patients with no radiographic progression (ΔmTSS ≤0.5); proportion of patients with no new erosions (ΔES ≤0.5). ΔmTSS was evaluated for up to 5 years in an exploratory analysis. RESULTS: For all tofacitinib-treated patients with radiographic data available at LTE month 36 (n = 414), LSM ΔmTSS was 1.14, LSM ΔES was 0.66, LSM ΔJSN was 0.74, and 74.3% and 86.2% of patients showed no radiographic progression and no new erosions, respectively. Similar values were observed regardless of tofacitinib dose, or whether patients received tofacitinib as monotherapy or with csDMARDs. In an exploratory analysis of integrated P2/P3/LTE studies, LSM ΔmTSS was 3.34 at month 60 (n = 269). CONCLUSION: Limited progression of structural damage was observed in tofacitinib-treated patients up to 5 years, with similar results for tofacitinib used as monotherapy or combination therapy up to 3 years. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (http://clinicaltrials.gov): NCT01164579; NCT01039688; NCT00847613; NCT00413699; NCT00661661.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate determinants of the physician global assessment of disease activity (PhGA) and the influence of the contextual factors on this relationship in patients with early axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHOD: Five-year data of DESIR, a cohort of early axSpA, were analyzed. Univariable generalized estimating equations (GEE) were used to investigate contributory explanatory effects of various potential determinants of PhGA. Effect modification by contextual factors (age, gender and educational level) was tested and, if significant, models were stratified. Autoregressive GEE models (i.e., models adjusted for PhGA at the previous time point) were used to confirm a longitudinal relationship. RESULTS: A total of 708 patients were included. Higher Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) individual questions, swollen joint count in 28 joints (SJC28), tender joint count in 53 joints, Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score, C-reactive protein (CRP) and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index were associated with a higher PhGA. Gender and age were effect modifiers of SJC28; the contributory effect of SJC28 was largest in the younger male stratum (ß [95% CI]; 1.07 [0.71-1.43]), and the smallest in the older female stratum (0.13 [0.04-0.22]). Autoregressive GEE models revealed the same determinants as having a longitudinal association with PhGA and the same pattern of effect modification. CONCLUSIONS: Patient's subjective symptoms, peripheral arthritis and enthesitis, higher CRP and impaired spinal mobility contribute to explaining PhGA in patients with early axSpA irrespective of gender and age. Intriguingly, physicians consider the presence of swollen joints as more important in males than in females.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32766697

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the determinants of patient well-being over time, and the influence of age, gender and education in patients with early axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: Five-year data from DESIR, a cohort of early axSpA, were analysed. The outcome was the BAS-G over 5 years. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) were used to test the relationship between potential explanatory variables from five outcome domains (disease activity, physical function, spinal mobility, structural damage and axial inflammation) and BAS-G over time. Longitudinal relationships were analysed using an autoregressive GEE model. Age, gender and educational level were tested as effect modifiers or confounders. RESULTS: A total of 708 patients were included. Higher BASDAI questions on fatigue [ß (95% CI): 0.17 (0.13, 0.22)], back pain [0.51 (0.46, 0.56)], peripheral joint pain [0.08 (0.04, 0.12)] and severity of morning stiffness [0.08 (0.03-0.13)], and higher BASFI [0.14 (0.08, 0.19)] were associated with a higher BAS-G. In the autoregressive model, the same variables except for morning stiffness were associated with a worsening in BAS-G. Age, gender and educational level were neither effect modifiers nor confounders. CONCLUSION: A higher level of back pain is associated with a worsening of patient well-being, as are, though to a lesser extent, higher levels of fatigue, peripheral joint pain and physical disability. Age, gender and educational level do not have an impact on these relationships.

11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(9): 1143-1151, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32719045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To prospectively investigate in patients with severe COVID-19-associated cytokine storm syndrome (CSS) whether an intensive course of glucocorticoids with or without tocilizumab accelerates clinical improvement, reduces mortality and prevents invasive mechanical ventilation, in comparison with a historic control group of patients who received supportive care only. METHODS: From 1 April 2020, patients with COVID-19-associated CSS, defined as rapid respiratory deterioration plus at least two out of three biomarkers with important elevations (C-reactive protein >100 mg/L; ferritin >900 µg/L; D-dimer >1500 µg/L), received high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone for 5 consecutive days (250 mg on day 1 followed by 80 mg on days 2-5). If the respiratory condition had not improved sufficiently (in 43%), the interleukin-6 receptor blocker tocilizumab (8 mg/kg body weight, single infusion) was added on or after day 2. Control patients with COVID-19-associated CSS (same definition) were retrospectively sampled from the pool of patients (n=350) admitted between 7 March and 31 March, and matched one to one to treated patients on sex and age. The primary outcome was ≥2 stages of improvement on a 7-item WHO-endorsed scale for trials in patients with severe influenza pneumonia, or discharge from the hospital. Secondary outcomes were hospital mortality and mechanical ventilation. RESULTS: At baseline all patients with COVID-19 in the treatment group (n=86) and control group (n=86) had symptoms of CSS and faced acute respiratory failure. Treated patients had 79% higher likelihood on reaching the primary outcome (HR: 1.8; 95% CI 1.2 to 2.7) (7 days earlier), 65% less mortality (HR: 0.35; 95% CI 0.19 to 0.65) and 71% less invasive mechanical ventilation (HR: 0.29; 95% CI 0.14 to 0.65). Treatment effects remained constant in confounding and sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSIONS: A strategy involving a course of high-dose methylprednisolone, followed by tocilizumab if needed, may accelerate respiratory recovery, lower hospital mortality and reduce the likelihood of invasive mechanical ventilation in COVID-19-associated CSS.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/sangue , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/virologia , Citocinas/sangue , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Estudo Historicamente Controlado , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Padrão de Cuidado , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop an alternative Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) to be used in research settings in axial SpA (axSpA) when Patient Global Assessment (PGA) is unavailable in databases. METHODS: Longitudinal data from four axSpA cohorts and two randomized controlled trials were combined. Observations were randomly split in a development (N = 1026) and a validation cohort (N = 1059). Substitutes of PGA by BASDAI total score, single or combined individual BASDAI questions, and a constant value, were established in the development cohort. Conversion factors for each substitute were defined by Generalized Estimating Equations, obtaining seven 'alternative' formulae. Validation was performed in the validation cohort according to the OMERACT filter, taking into consideration: (i) truth (agreement with original-ASDAS in the continuous score, by intraclass correlation coefficient and in disease activity states, by weighted kappa); (ii) discrimination [standardized mean difference of ASDAS scores between high/low disease activity states defined by external anchors, e.g. Patient Acceptable Symptom State; agreement (kappa) in the percentage of patients reaching ASDAS improvement criteria according to alternative vs original formulae]; and (iii) feasibility. RESULTS: Comparing various options, alternative-ASDAS using BASDAI total as PGA replacement proved to be: truthful (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.98, kappa = 0.90), discriminative [ASDAS scores between Patient Acceptable Symptom State no/yes: standardized mean difference = 1.37 (original-ASDAS standardized mean difference = 1.43); agreement with original-ASDAS in major improvement/clinically important improvement criteria: kappa = 0.93/0.88] and feasible (BASDAI total often available, as questions required for the ASDAS; conversion coefficient ≈ 1). CONCLUSION: Alternative-ASDAS using BASDAI total score as PGA replacement is the most truthful, discriminative and feasible instrument.

14.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 72(11): 1855-1862, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562362

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between smoking and imaging outcomes over 5 years in axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) and to assess whether socioeconomic factors influence these relationships. METHODS: Axial SpA patients from the Devenir des Spondylarthropathies Indifferérenciées Récentes cohort were included. The following 4 imaging outcomes were assessed by 3 central readers at baseline, 2 years, and 5 years: spine radiographs (using the modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spine Score [mSASSS]), sacroiliac (SI) joint radiographs (using the modified New York criteria), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine (using the Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada [SPARCC] score), and MRI of the SI joint (using the SPARCC score). The explanatory variable of interest was smoking status at baseline. Interactions between smoking and socioeconomic factors (i.e., job type [blue-collar or manual work versus white-collar or nonmanual work] and education [low versus high]) were first tested, and if significant, analyses were run using separate strata. Generalized estimating equations models were used, with adjustments for confounders. RESULTS: In total, 406 axial SpA patients were included (52% male, 40% smokers, and 18% blue collar). Smoking was independently associated with more MRI-detected SI joint inflammation at each visit over the 5 years, an effect that was seen only in patients with blue-collar professions (ß = 5.41 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.35, 9.48]) and in patients with low education levels (ß = 2.65 [95% CI 0.42,4.88]), using separate models. Smoking was also significantly associated with spinal inflammation (ß = 1.69 [95% CI 0.45, 2.93]) and SI joint damage (ß = 0.57 [95% CI 0.18, 0.96]) across all patients, irrespective of socioeconomic factors and other potential confounders. CONCLUSION: Strong associations were found between smoking at baseline and MRI-detected SI joint inflammation at each visit over a time period of 5 years in axial SpA patients with a blue-collar job or low education level. These findings suggest a possible role for mechanical stress amplifying the effect of smoking on axial inflammation in axial SpA.

15.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(7): 935-942, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32371388

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) MRI working group conducted a multireader exercise on MRI scans from the ASAS classification cohort to assess the spectrum and evolution of lesions in the sacroiliac joint and impact of discrepancies with local readers on numbers of patients classified as axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: Seven readers assessed baseline scans from 278 cases and 8 readers assessed baseline and follow-up scans from 107 cases. Agreement for detection of MRI lesions between central and local readers was assessed descriptively and by the kappa statistic. We calculated the number of patients classified as axSpA by the ASAS criteria after replacing local detection of active lesions by central readers and replacing local reader radiographic sacroiliitis by central reader structural lesions on MRI. RESULTS: Structural lesions, especially erosions, were as frequent as active lesions (≈40%), the majority of patients having both types of lesions. The ASAS definitions for active MRI lesion typical of axSpA and erosion were comparatively discriminatory between axSpA and non-axSpA. Local reader overcall for active MRI lesions was about 30% but this had a minor impact on the number of patients (6.4%) classified as axSpA. Substitution of radiography with MRI structural lesions also had little impact on classification status (1.4%). CONCLUSION: Despite substantial discrepancy between central and local readers in interpretation of both types of MRI lesion, this had a minor impact on the numbers of patients classified as axSpA supporting the robustness of the ASAS criteria for differences in assessment of imaging.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/classificação , Reumatologia/normas , Sacroileíte/classificação , Espondilartrite/classificação , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Agências Internacionais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reumatologia/métodos , Articulação Sacroilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Sacroileíte/diagnóstico por imagem , Sociedades Médicas , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 700-712, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434812

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To update the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the pharmacological treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: According to the EULAR standardised operating procedures, a systematic literature review was followed by a consensus meeting to develop this update involving 28 international taskforce members in May 2019. Levels of evidence and strengths of recommendations were determined. RESULTS: The updated recommendations comprise 6 overarching principles and 12 recommendations. The overarching principles address the nature of PsA and diversity of both musculoskeletal and non-musculoskeletal manifestations; the need for collaborative management and shared decision-making is highlighted. The recommendations provide a treatment strategy for pharmacological therapies. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and local glucocorticoid injections are proposed as initial therapy; for patients with arthritis and poor prognostic factors, such as polyarthritis or monoarthritis/oligoarthritis accompanied by factors such as dactylitis or joint damage, rapid initiation of conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs is recommended. If the treatment target is not achieved with this strategy, a biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) targeting tumour necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin (IL)-17A or IL-12/23 should be initiated, taking into account skin involvement if relevant. If axial disease predominates, a TNF inhibitor or IL-17A inhibitor should be started as first-line disease-modifying antirheumatic drug. Use of Janus kinase inhibitors is addressed primarily after bDMARD failure. Phosphodiesterase-4 inhibition is proposed for patients in whom these other drugs are inappropriate, generally in the context of mild disease. Drug switches and tapering in sustained remission are addressed. CONCLUSION: These recommendations provide stakeholders with an updated consensus on the pharmacological management of PsA, based on a combination of evidence and expert opinion.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Sociedades Médicas , Consenso , Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Tomada de Decisão Compartilhada , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Interleucina-12/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-17/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-23/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 4/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Sintéticos/uso terapêutico , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(3): 312-315, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915123

RESUMO

The favourable long-term results of early treatment in patients with classified rheumatoid arthritis have resulted in an increasing interest in the diseases phases preceding clinical arthritis. The hypothesis to test is that an intervention in these early phases may better prevent or reduce disease persistence than an intervention when arthritis has become clinically manifest. While several placebo-controlled trials are still ongoing, to date there is no firm evidence that this hypothesis truly holds. Therefore, it is important to reflect on the current status of arthralgia preceding clinical arthritis. Inherent to every new field of research, attitudes are conflicting, with opinions propagating innovation (based on the fear of undertreatment) on the one hand, and critical sounds pleading for more restraint (fear of overtreatment) on the other hand. In this Viewpoint, we will examine these divergent opinions, relate them to a preferred ultimate scenario and provide considerations for future studies and daily practice.


Assuntos
Artralgia/terapia , Artrite Reumatoide/prevenção & controle , Artralgia/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/etiologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 685-699, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide an update of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) rheumatoid arthritis (RA) management recommendations to account for the most recent developments in the field. METHODS: An international task force considered new evidence supporting or contradicting previous recommendations and novel therapies and strategic insights based on two systematic literature searches on efficacy and safety of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) since the last update (2016) until 2019. A predefined voting process was applied, current levels of evidence and strengths of recommendation were assigned and participants ultimately voted independently on their level of agreement with each of the items. RESULTS: The task force agreed on 5 overarching principles and 12 recommendations concerning use of conventional synthetic (cs) DMARDs (methotrexate (MTX), leflunomide, sulfasalazine); glucocorticoids (GCs); biological (b) DMARDs (tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (adalimumab, certolizumab pegol, etanercept, golimumab, infliximab), abatacept, rituximab, tocilizumab, sarilumab and biosimilar (bs) DMARDs) and targeted synthetic (ts) DMARDs (the Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors tofacitinib, baricitinib, filgotinib, upadacitinib). Guidance on monotherapy, combination therapy, treatment strategies (treat-to-target) and tapering on sustained clinical remission is provided. Cost and sequencing of b/tsDMARDs are addressed. Initially, MTX plus GCs and upon insufficient response to this therapy within 3 to 6 months, stratification according to risk factors is recommended. With poor prognostic factors (presence of autoantibodies, high disease activity, early erosions or failure of two csDMARDs), any bDMARD or JAK inhibitor should be added to the csDMARD. If this fails, any other bDMARD (from another or the same class) or tsDMARD is recommended. On sustained remission, DMARDs may be tapered, but not be stopped. Levels of evidence and levels of agreement were mostly high. CONCLUSIONS: These updated EULAR recommendations provide consensus on the management of RA with respect to benefit, safety, preferences and cost.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Sociedades Médicas , Medicamentos Sintéticos/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/economia , Produtos Biológicos/economia , Consenso , Quimioterapia Combinada , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Sintéticos/economia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
20.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(2): 193-201, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) aimed to develop a set of quality standards (QS) to help improve the quality of healthcare provided to adult patients affected by axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) worldwide. METHODS: An ASAS task force developed a set of QS using a stepwise approach. First, key areas for quality improvement were identified, discussed, rated and agreed on. Thereafter, areas were prioritised and statements for the most important key areas were phrased on consensus. Appropriate quality measures were defined to allow quantification of the QS at the community level. RESULTS: The ASAS task force, consisting of 20 rheumatologists, two physiotherapists and two patients, selected and proposed 34 potential key areas for quality improvement which were then commented by 140 ASAS members and patients. Within that process three new key areas came up, which led to a re-evaluation of all 37 key areas by 120 ASAS members and patients. Five key areas were identified as most important to determine quality of care: referral including rapid access, rheumatology assessment, treatment, education/self-management and comorbidities. Finally, nine QS were agreed on and endorsed by the whole ASAS membership. CONCLUSIONS: ASAS successfully developed the first set of QS to help improving healthcare for adult patients with axSpA. Even though it may currently not be realistic to achieve the QS in all healthcare systems, they provide high-quality of care framework for patients with axSpA that should be aimed for.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/normas , Reumatologia/normas , Espondilartrite , Adulto , Comitês Consultivos , Consenso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Melhoria de Qualidade , Sociedades Médicas
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