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1.
Circ Heart Fail ; 14(3): e007767, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The expense of clinical trials mandates new strategies to efficiently generate evidence and test novel therapies. In this context, we designed a decentralized, patient-centered randomized clinical trial leveraging mobile technologies, rather than in-person site visits, to test the efficacy of 12 weeks of canagliflozin for the treatment of heart failure, regardless of ejection fraction or diabetes status, on the reduction of heart failure symptoms. METHODS: One thousand nine hundred patients will be enrolled with a medical record-confirmed diagnosis of heart failure, stratified by reduced (≤40%) or preserved (>40%) ejection fraction and randomized 1:1 to 100 mg daily of canagliflozin or matching placebo. The primary outcome will be the 12-week change in the total symptom score of the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire. Secondary outcomes will be daily step count and other scales of the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire. RESULTS: The trial is currently enrolling, even in the era of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: CHIEF-HF (Canagliflozin: Impact on Health Status, Quality of Life and Functional Status in Heart Failure) is deploying a novel model of conducting a decentralized, patient-centered, randomized clinical trial for a new indication for canagliflozin to improve the symptoms of patients with heart failure. It can model a new method for more cost-effectively testing the efficacy of treatments using mobile technologies with patient-reported outcomes as the primary clinical end point of the trial. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT04252287.


Assuntos
Canagliflozina/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/uso terapêutico , Telemedicina , Actigrafia/instrumentação , Canagliflozina/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Tolerância ao Exercício/efeitos dos fármacos , Monitores de Aptidão Física , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Aplicativos Móveis , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/efeitos adversos , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Telemedicina/instrumentação , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
JACC Heart Fail ; 9(3): 226-236, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) predictors of the combined outcome of durable mechanical circulatory support (MCS), transplantation, or death at 1 year among patients with ambulatory advanced heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: Optimal CPX predictors of outcomes in contemporary ambulatory advanced HF patients are unclear. METHODS: REVIVAL (Registry Evaluation of Vital Information for ventricular assist devices [VADs] in Ambulatory Life) enrolled 400 systolic HF patients, INTERMACS (Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support) profiles 4-7. CPX was performed by 273 subjects 2 ± 1 months after study enrollment. Discriminative power of maximal (peak oxygen consumption [peak VO2]; VO2 pulse, circulatory power [CP]; peak systolic blood pressure â€¢ peak VO2], peak end-tidal pressure CO2 [PEtCO2], and peak Borg scale score) and submaximal CPX parameters (ventilatory efficiency [VE/VCO2 slope]; VO2 at anaerobic threshold [VO2AT]; and oxygen uptake efficiency slope [OUES]) to predict the composite outcome were assessed by univariate and multivariate Cox regression and Harrell's concordance statistic. RESULTS: At 1 year, there were 39 events (6 transplants, 15 deaths, 18 MCS implantations). Peak VO2, VO2AT, OUES, peak PEtCO2, and CP were higher in the no-event group (all p < 0.001), whereas VE/VCO2 slope was lower (p < 0.0001); respiratory exchange ratio was not different. CP (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.89; p = 0.001), VE/VCO2 slope (HR: 1.05; p = 0.001), and peak Borg scale score (HR: 1.20; p = 0.005) were significant predictors on multivariate analysis (model C-statistic: 0.80). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with ambulatory advanced HF, the strongest maximal and submaximal CPX predictor of MCS implantation, transplantation, or death at 1 year were CP and VE/VCO2, respectively. The patient-reported measure of exercise effort (Borg scale score) contributed substantially to the prediction of outcomes, a surprising and novel finding that warrants further investigation. (Registry Evaluation of Vital Information for VADs in Ambulatory Life [REVIVAL]; NCT01369407).

3.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0242364, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondria support critical cellular functions, such as energy production through oxidative phosphorylation, regulation of reactive oxygen species, apoptosis, and calcium homeostasis. OBJECTIVE: Given the heightened level of cellular activity in patients with asthma, we sought to determine whether mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number measured in peripheral blood differed between individuals with and without asthma. METHODS: Whole genome sequence data was generated as part of the Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) Program on participants from the Study of Asthma Phenotypes and Pharmacogenomic Interactions by Race-ethnicity (SAPPHIRE) and the Study of African Americans, Asthma, Genes, & Environment II (SAGE II). We restricted our analysis to individuals who self-identified as African American (3,651 asthma cases and 1,344 controls). Mitochondrial copy number was estimated using the sequencing read depth ratio for the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes. Respiratory complex expression was assessed using RNA-sequencing. RESULTS: Average mitochondrial copy number was significantly higher among individuals with asthma when compared with controls (SAPPHIRE: 218.60 vs. 200.47, P<0.001; SAGE II: 235.99 vs. 223.07, P<0.001). Asthma status was significantly associated with mitochondrial copy number after accounting for potential explanatory variables, such as participant age, sex, leukocyte counts, and mitochondrial haplogroup. Despite the consistent relationship between asthma status and mitochondrial copy number, the latter was not associated with time-to-exacerbation or patient-reported asthma control. Mitochondrial respiratory complex gene expression was disproportionately lower in individuals with asthma when compared with individuals without asthma and other protein-encoding genes. CONCLUSIONS: We observed a robust association between asthma and higher mitochondrial copy number. Asthma having an effect on mitochondria function was also supported by lower respiratory complex gene expression in this group.

4.
JACC Heart Fail ; 8(12): 999-1008, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189635

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to better understand the discrepant results of 2 trials of serelaxin on acute heart failure (AHF) and short-term mortality after AHF by analyzing causes of death of patients in the RELAX-AHF-2 (Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Serelaxin When Added to Standard Therapy in AHF-2) trial. BACKGROUND: Patients with AHF continue to suffer significant short-term mortality, but limited systematic analyses of causes of death in this patient population are available. METHODS: Adjudicated cause of death of patients in RELAX-AHF-2, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of serelaxin in patients with AHF across the spectrum of ejection fraction (EF), was analyzed. RESULTS: By 180 days of follow-up, 11.5% of patients in RELAX-AHF-2 died, primarily due to heart failure (HF) (38% of all deaths). Unlike RELAX-AHF, there was no apparent effect of treatment with serelaxin on any category of cause of death. Older patients (≥75 years) had higher rates of mortality (14.2% vs. 8.8%) and noncardiovascular (CV) death (27% vs. 19%) compared to younger patients. Patients with preserved EF (≥50%) had lower rates of HF-related mortality (30% vs. 40%) but higher non-CV mortality (36% vs. 20%) compared to patients with reduced EF. CONCLUSIONS: Despite previous data suggesting benefit of serelaxin in AHF, treatment with serelaxin was not found to improve overall mortality or have an effect on any category of cause of death in RELAX-AHF-2. Careful adjudication of events in the serelaxin trials showed that older patients and those with preserved EF had fewer deaths from HF or sudden death and more deaths from other CV causes and from noncardiac causes. (Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Serelaxin When Added to Standard Therapy in AHF [RELAX-AHF-2]; NCT01870778).

5.
ASAIO J ; 66(10): 1087-1094, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136594

RESUMO

The number of patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) has increased over the years and it is important to identify the etiologies for hospital admission, as well as the costs, length of stay and in-hospital complications in this patient group. Using the National Readmission Database from 2010 to 2015, we identified patients with a history of LVAD placement using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) code V43.21. We aimed to identify the etiologies for hospital admission, patient characteristics, and in-hospital outcomes. We identified a total of 15,996 patients with an LVAD, the mean age was 58 years and 76% were males. The most common cause of hospital readmission after LVAD was heart failure (HF, 13%), followed by gastrointestinal (GI) bleed (11.8%), device complication (11.5%), and ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (4.2%). The median length of stay was 6 days (3-11 days) and the median hospital costs was $12,723 USD. The in-hospital mortality was 3.9%, blood transfusion was required in 26.8% of patients, 20.5% had acute kidney injury, 2.8% required hemodialysis, and 6.2% of patients underwent heart transplantation. Interestingly, the most common cause of readmission was the same as the diagnosis for the preceding admission. One in every four LVAD patients experiences a readmission within 30 days of a prior admission, most commonly due to HF and GI bleeding. Interventions to reduce HF readmissions, such as speed optimization, may be one means of improving LVAD outcomes and resource utilization.

6.
N Engl J Med ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The selective cardiac myosin activator omecamtiv mecarbil has been shown to improve cardiac function in patients with heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction. Its effect on cardiovascular outcomes is unknown. METHODS: We randomly assigned 8256 patients (inpatients and outpatients) with symptomatic chronic heart failure and an ejection fraction of 35% or less to receive omecamtiv mecarbil (using pharmacokinetic-guided doses of 25 mg, 37.5 mg, or 50 mg twice daily) or placebo, in addition to standard heart-failure therapy. The primary outcome was a composite of a first heart-failure event (hospitalization or urgent visit for heart failure) or death from cardiovascular causes. RESULTS: During a median of 21.8 months, a primary-outcome event occurred in 1523 of 4120 patients (37.0%) in the omecamtiv mecarbil group and in 1607 of 4112 patients (39.1%) in the placebo group (hazard ratio, 0.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.86 to 0.99; P = 0.03). A total of 808 patients (19.6%) and 798 patients (19.4%), respectively, died from cardiovascular causes (hazard ratio, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.92 to 1.11). There was no significant difference between groups in the change from baseline on the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire total symptom score. At week 24, the change from baseline for the median N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide level was 10% lower in the omecamtiv mecarbil group than in the placebo group; the median cardiac troponin I level was 4 ng per liter higher. The frequency of cardiac ischemic and ventricular arrhythmia events was similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with heart failure and a reduced ejection, those who received omecamtiv mecarbil had a lower incidence of a composite of a heart-failure event or death from cardiovascular causes than those who received placebo. (Funded by Amgen and others; GALACTIC-HF ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02929329; EudraCT number, 2016-002299-28.).

7.
Circ Heart Fail ; : CIRCHEARTFAILURE119007012, 2020 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ß-Blockers (BBs) are mainstay therapy for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. However, individual patient responses to BB vary, which may be partially due to genetic variation. The goal of this study was to derive and validate the first polygenic response predictor (PRP) for BB survival benefit in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction patients. METHODS: Derivation and validation analyses were performed in n=1436 total HF patients of European descent and with ejection fraction <50%. The PRP was derived in a random subset of the Henry Ford Heart Failure Pharmacogenomic Registry (n=248) and then validated in a meta-analysis of the remaining patients from Henry Ford Heart Failure Pharmacogenomic Registry (n=247), the TIME-CHF (Trial of Intensified Versus Standard Medical Therapy in Elderly Patients With Congestive Heart Failure; n=431), and HF-ACTION trial (Heart Failure: a Controlled Trial Investigating Outcomes of Exercise Training; n=510). The PRP was constructed from a genome-wide analysis of BB×genotype interaction predicting time to all-cause mortality, adjusted for Meta-Analysis Global Group in Chronic Heart Failure score, genotype, level of BB exposure, and BB propensity score. RESULTS: Five-fold cross-validation summaries out to 1000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms identified optimal prediction with a 44 single-nucleotide polymorphism score and cutoff at the 30th percentile. In validation testing (n=1188), greater BB exposure was associated with reduced all-cause mortality in patients with low PRP score (n=251; hazard ratio, 0.19 [95% CI, 0.04-0.51]; P=0.0075) but not high PRP score (n=937; hazard ratio, 0.84 [95% CI, 0.53-1.3]; P=0.448)-a difference that was statistically significant (P interaction, 0.0235). Results were consistent regardless of atrial fibrillation, ejection fraction (≤40% versus 41%-50%), or when examining cardiovascular death. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients of European ancestry with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, a PRP distinguished patients who derived substantial survival benefit from BB exposure from a larger group that did not. Additional work is needed to prospectively test clinical utility and to develop PRPs for other population groups and other medications.

8.
Clin Chim Acta ; 510: 767-771, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suppressor of tumorigenicity 2 (ST2) is a powerful marker of prognosis and treatment response in heart failure (HF), however, it is an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) which may be cumbersome and costly. A turbidimetric immunoassay (TIA) that can run on common chemistry analyzers could overcome this. We studied a novel TIA for ST2, comparing it to commercial ST2 (ELISA). METHODS: Patients age ≥ 18 years meeting Framingham definition for HF were enrolled in a prospective registry (Oct 2007 - March 2015) at Henry Ford Hospital and donated blood samples. Participants with reduced ejection fraction (<50%) and available plasma samples were included and valid ST2 measurements were obtained on the same sample using both TIA and ELISA (N = 721). The primary endpoint was all cause death. Correlation between the methods was quantified. The association with survival was tested using unadjusted and adjusted (for MAGGIC score and NTproBNP) Cox models and comparing the Area Under the Curve (AUC). RESULTS: The inter-assay Spearman correlation coefficient was 0.77. Nonparametric regression showed no significant proportional difference (slope = 0.97) and a very small systematic difference (3.2 ng/mL). In univariate analyses, both TIA and ELISA ST2 were significant associates of survival with similar effect sizes (HR 4.46 and 3.50, respectively, both p < 0.001). In models adjusted for MAGGIC score, both ST2 remained significant in Cox models and incrementally improved AUC vs. MAGGIC alone (MAGGIC AUC = 0.757; TIA + MAGGIC AUC = 0.786, p = 0.025; ELISA + MAGGIC AUC = 0.793, p = 0.033). In models with both MAGGIC and NTproBNP included, both ST2 still remained significant but did not improve AUC. CONCLUSIONS: A novel TIA method for ST2 quantification correlates highly with ELISA and offers similarly powerful risk-stratification.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966749

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The 17q12-21.1 locus is one of the most highly replicated genetic associations with asthma. Individuals of African descent have lower LD in this region, which could facilitate identifying causal variants. OBJECTIVE: To identify functional variants at 17q12-21.1 associated with early-onset asthma among African American individuals. METHODS AND MEASUREMENTS: We evaluated African American participants from the Study of Asthma Phenotypes and Pharmacogenomic Interactions by Race-ethnicity (SAPPHIRE) (n=1,940), the Study of African Americans, Asthma, Genes & Environment (SAGE II) (n=885), and Study of the Genetic Causes of Complex Pediatric Disorders - Asthma (GCPD-A) (n=2,805). Associations with asthma onset at age <5 years were meta-analyzed across cohorts. The lead signal was reevaluated considering haplotypes informed by genetic ancestry (i.e., African vs. European). Both an expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) analysis and phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) were performed on the lead variant. MAIN RESULTS: The meta-analyzed results from SAPPHIRE, SAGE II, and GCPD-A identified rs11078928 as the top association for early-onset asthma. A haplotype analysis suggested that the asthma association partitioned most closely with rs11078928 genotype. Genetic ancestry did not appear to influence the effect of this variant. In the eQTL analysis, rs11078928 was related to alternative splicing of gasdermin-B (GSDMB) transcripts. The PheWAS of rs11078928 suggested that this variant was predominantly associated with asthma and asthma-associated symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: A splice acceptor polymorphism appears to be a causal variant for asthma at the 17q12-21.1 locus. This variant appears to have the same magnitude of effect in individuals of African and European descent.

10.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(11): 2160-2171, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985088

RESUMO

AIMS: The safety and efficacy of the novel selective cardiac myosin activator, omecamtiv mecarbil, in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is being tested in the Global Approach to Lowering Adverse Cardiac outcomes Through Improving Contractility in Heart Failure (GALACTIC-HF) trial. Here we describe the baseline characteristics of participants in GALACTIC-HF and how these compare with other contemporary trials. METHODS AND RESULTS: Adults with established HFrEF, New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class ≥II, ejection fraction ≤35%, elevated natriuretic peptides and either current hospitalization for heart failure or history of hospitalization/emergency department visit for heart failure within a year were randomized to either placebo or omecamtiv mecarbil (pharmacokinetic-guided dosing: 25, 37.5, or 50 mg bid). A total of 8256 patients [male (79%), non-white (22%), mean age 65 years] were enrolled with a mean ejection fraction 27%, ischaemic aetiology in 54%, NYHA class II 53% and III/IV 47%, and median N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide 1971 pg/mL. Heart failure therapies at baseline were among the most effectively employed in contemporary heart failure trials. GALACTIC-HF randomized patients representative of recent heart failure registries and trials with substantial numbers of patients also having characteristics understudied in previous trials including more from North America (n = 1386), enrolled as inpatients (n = 2084), systolic blood pressure <100 mmHg (n = 1127), estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1.73 m2 (n = 528), and treated with sacubitril/valsartan at baseline (n = 1594). CONCLUSIONS: GALACTIC-HF enrolled a well-treated, high-risk population from both inpatient and outpatient settings, which will provide a definitive evaluation of the efficacy and safety of this novel therapy, as well as informing its potential future implementation.

11.
Cardiol Ther ; 9(2): 561-568, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32808163

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There are limited data on ivabradine therapy in black patients and none in African Americans. We performed an open-label, prospective study at two centers in the United States. African American patients with heart failure (HF) (N = 30), left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 35%, and in sinus rhythm with resting heart rate (HR) ≥ 70 bpm received ivabradine 2.5-7.5 mg twice daily for 57 days. METHODS: The primary endpoint was change in HR from baseline to day 57, compared with the -5 bpm change observed in the absence of ivabradine in the placebo group of the SHIFT study. The safety endpoint was treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs). Exploratory endpoints were change from baseline to day 57 in 6-minute walk test (6MWT) distance, HR difference during a 6MWT (i.e. HR at minute 6 - resting HR), and physical activity counts. RESULTS: At day 57, the estimated least squares mean change from baseline in HR was -9.5 bpm (95% CI -13.0, -6.0). The estimated mean treatment difference with ivabradine versus a presumed -5 bpm change from baseline HR, as seen in the placebo group of the SHIFT study, was -4.5 bpm (95% CI -8.0, -1.0; p = 0.013). The mean (SE) changes in 6MWT distance and HR difference during the 6MWT were 16.3 (10.8) meters and 2.3 (3.7) bpm, respectively. Ivabradine therapy did not result in greater physical activity. TEAEs were reported in 11 (36.7%) patients. CONCLUSION: These data support ivabradine use in African American patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction who meet typical treatment criteria. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT03456856.

12.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 76(8): 1161-1168, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440720

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Studies demonstrating mortality benefit of beta blockers (BB) after myocardial infarction (MI) were conducted before the era of percutaneous intervention and widespread use of statins. Recent retrospective studies show inconsistent results regarding which subgroups of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients' benefit. Most studies did not account for medication changes over time. We evaluated the association of time-varying BB exposure with death in CAD patients with or without a history of MI. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all patients with MI and those with coronary disease but no MI at a single health care system who also had health insurance from January 1, 1997, to June 30, 2011. Pharmacy claims data were used to estimate BB exposure over 6-month rolling windows. The primary endpoint was all-cause death. The effect of BB exposure was tested using time-updated Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: We identified 6220 patients with MI and 21,285 patients with CAD but no MI. Among patients who suffered MI, BB exposure was associated with a 31% relative risk reduction in all-cause death (hazard ratio [HR] 0.69, P = 0.001). Among subjects who survived 3 years after MI, BB retained a protective association (HR 0.71, P = 0.001). Among CAD-only patients, BB exposure was also associated with risk reduction (HR 0.85, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Among patients with CAD, BB exposure is associated with reduced risk of death. The association is strongest among those who have suffered MI. This favorable association appears durable beyond 3 years.

13.
Eur Heart J ; 41(36): 3477-3484, 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32337540

RESUMO

This state-of-the-art review aims to provide an up-to-date look at breakthrough omic technologies that are helping to unravel heart failure (HF) disease mechanisms and heterogeneity. Genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics in HF are reviewed in depth. In addition, there is a thorough, expert discussion regarding the value of omics in identifying novel disease pathways, advancing understanding of disease mechanisms, differentiating HF phenotypes, yielding biomarkers for diagnosis or prognosis, or identifying new therapeutic targets in HF. The combination of multiple omics technologies may create a more comprehensive picture of the factors and physiology involved in HF than achieved by either one alone and provides a rich resource for predictive phenotype modelling. However, the successful translation of omics tools as solutions to clinical HF requires that the observations are robust and reproducible and can be validated across multiple independent populations to ensure confidence in clinical decision-making.

14.
Am Heart J ; 220: 41-50, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770656

RESUMO

Many therapies have been shown to improve outcomes for patients with heart failure (HF) in controlled settings, but there are limited data available to inform best practices for hospital and post-discharge quality improvement initiatives. The CONNECT-HF study is a prospective, cluster-randomized trial of 161 hospitals in the United States with a 2×2 factorial design. The study is designed to assess the effect of a hospital and post-discharge quality improvement intervention compared with usual care (primary objective) on HF outcomes and quality-of-care, as well as to evaluate the effect of hospitals implementing a patient-level digital intervention compared with usual care (secondary objective). The hospital and post-discharge intervention includes audit and feedback on HF clinical process measures and outcomes for patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) paired with education to sites and clinicians by a trained, nationally representative group of HF and quality improvement experts. The patient-level digital intervention is an optional ancillary study and includes a mobile application and behavioral tools that are intended to facilitate improved use of guideline-directed recommendations for self-monitoring and self-management of activity and medications for HFrEF. The effects of the interventions will be measured through an opportunity-based composite score on quality and time-to-first HF readmission or death among patients with HFrEF who present to study hospitals with acute HF and who consent to participate. The CONNECT-HF study is evaluating approaches for implementing HF guideline recommendations into practice and is one of the largest HF implementation science trials performed to date.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente/normas , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitalização , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Melhoria de Qualidade , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Aplicativos Móveis , Cooperação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Autocuidado/métodos , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Estados Unidos
15.
J Card Fail ; 26(1): 52-60, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk stratification for hospitalized patients with heart failure (HF) remains a critical need. The Meta-Analysis Global Group in Chronic Heart Failure (MAGGIC) score is a robust model derived from patients with ambulatory HF. Its validity at the time of discharge and the incremental value of natriuretic peptides (NPs) in this setting is unclear. METHODS: This was a single-center study examining a total of 4138 patients with HF from 2 groups; hospital discharge patients from administrative data (n = 2503, 60.5%) and a prospective registry of patients with ambulatory HF (n = 1635, 39.5%). The ambulatory registry patients underwent N-terminal pro-B-type NP (BNP) measurement at enrollment, and in the hospitalize discharge cohort clinical BNP levels were abstracted. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality within 1 year. MAGGIC score performance was compared between cohorts utilizing Cox regression and calibration plots. The incremental value of NPs was assessed using calculated area under the curve and net reclassification improvement (NRI). RESULTS: The hospitalized and ambulatory cohorts differed with respect to primary outcome (777 and 100 deaths, respectively), sex (52.1% vs 41.7% female) and race (35% vs 49.5% African American). The MAGGIC score showed poor discrimination of mortality risk in the hospital discharge (C statistic: 0.668, hazard ratio [HR]: 1.1 per point, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.652, 0.684) but fair discrimination in the ambulatory cohorts (C statistic: 0.784, HR: 1.16 per point, 95% CI: 0.74, 0.83), respectively, a difference that was statistically significant (P = .001 for C statistic, 0.002 for HR). Calibration assessment indicated that the slope and intercept (of MAGGIC-predicted to observed mortality) did not statistically differ from ideal in either cohort and did not differ between the cohorts (all P > .1). NP levels did not significantly improve prediction in the hospitalized cohort (P = .127) but did in the ambulatory cohort (C statistic: 0.784 [95% CI: 0.74, 0.83] vs 0.82 [95% CI: 0.78, 0.85]; P = .018) with a favorable NRI of 0.354 (95% CI: 0.202-0.469; P = .002). CONCLUSION: The MAGGIC score showed poor discrimination when used in patients with HF at hospital discharge, which was inferior to its performance in patients with ambulatory HF. Discrimination within the hospital discharge group was not improved by including hospital NP levels.

16.
J Card Fail ; 26(4): 316-323, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Worsening heart failure (HF) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) have been shown to impact the decision to proceed with left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation, but little is known about how socioeconomic factors influence expressed patient preference for LVAD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ambulatory patients with advanced systolic HF (n=353) reviewed written information about LVAD therapy and completed a brief survey to indicate whether they would want an LVAD to treat their current level of HF. Ordinal logistic regression analyses identified clinical and demographic predictors of LVAD preference. Higher New York Heart Association (NYHA) class, worse HRQOL measured by Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire, lower education level, and lower income were significant univariable predictors of patients wanting an LVAD. In the multivariable model, higher NYHA class (OR [odds ratio]: 1.43, CI [confidence interval]: 1.08-1.90, P = .013) and lower income level (OR: 2.10, CI: 1.18 - 3.76, P = .012 for <$40,000 vs >$80,000) remained significantly associated with wanting an LVAD. CONCLUSION: Among ambulatory patients with advanced systolic HF, treatment preference for LVAD was influenced by level of income independent of HF severity. Understanding the impact of socioeconomic factors on willingness to consider LVAD therapy may help tailor counseling towards individual needs.

17.
Cardiovasc Drugs Ther ; 33(6): 693-700, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728800

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Protein kinase C alpha (gene: PRKCA) is a key regulator of cardiac contractility. Two genetic variants have recently been discovered to regulate PRKCA expression in failing human heart tissue (rs9909004 [T → C] and rs9303504 [C → G]). The association of those variants with clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF), and their interaction with HF drug efficacy, is unknown. METHODS: Patients with HF in a prospective registry starting in 2007 were genotyped by whole genome array (n = 951). The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for established clinical risk factors and genomic ancestry tested the independent association of rs9909004 or rs9303504 and the variant interactions with cornerstone HF pharmacotherapies (beta-blockers or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers) in additive genetic models. RESULTS: The minor allele of rs9909004, but not of rs9303504, was independently associated with a decreased risk for all-cause mortality: adjusted HR = 0.81 (95% CI = 0.67-0.98), p = 0.032. The variants did not significantly interact with mortality benefit associated with cornerstone HF pharmacotherapies (p > 0.1 for all). CONCLUSIONS: A recently discovered cardiac-specific regulatory variant for PRKCA (rs9909004) was independently associated with a decreased risk for all-cause mortality in patients with HF. The variant did not interact with mortality benefit associated with cornerstone HF pharmacotherapies.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteína Quinase C-alfa/genética , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Circulation ; 140(18): 1463-1476, 2019 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outcome trials in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have demonstrated reduced hospitalizations for heart failure (HF) with sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors. However, few of these patients had HF, and those that did were not well-characterized. Thus, the effects of sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors in patients with established HF with reduced ejection fraction, including those with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus, remain unknown. METHODS: DEFINE-HF (Dapagliflozin Effects on Biomarkers, Symptoms and Functional Status in Patients with HF with Reduced Ejection Fraction) was an investigator-initiated, multi-center, randomized controlled trial of HF patients with left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40%, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-III, estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥30 mL/min/1.73m2, and elevated natriuretic peptides. In total, 263 patients were randomized to dapagliflozin 10 mg daily or placebo for 12 weeks. Dual primary outcomes were (1) mean NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro b-type natriuretic peptide) and (2) proportion of patients with ≥5-point increase in HF disease-specific health status on the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall summary score, or a ≥20% decrease in NT-proBNP. RESULTS: Patient characteristics reflected stable, chronic HF with reduced ejection fraction with high use of optimal medical therapy. There was no significant difference in average 6- and 12-week adjusted NT-proBNP with dapagliflozin versus placebo (1133 pg/dL (95% CI 1036-1238) vs 1191 pg/dL (95% CI 1089-1304), P=0.43). For the second dual-primary outcome of a meaningful improvement in Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall summary score or NT-proBNP, 61.5% of dapagliflozin-treated patients met this end point versus 50.4% with placebo (adjusted OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.03-3.06, nominal P=0.039). This was attributable to both higher proportions of patients with ≥5-point improvement in Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall summary score (42.9 vs 32.5%, adjusted OR 1.73, 95% CI 0.98-3.05), and ≥20% reduction in NT-proBNP (44.0 vs 29.4%, adjusted OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1-3.3) by 12 weeks. Results were consistent among patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus, and other prespecified subgroups (all P values for interaction=NS). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction, use of dapagliflozin over 12 weeks did not affect mean NT-proBNP but increased the proportion of patients experiencing clinically meaningful improvements in HF-related health status or natriuretic peptides. Benefits of dapagliflozin on clinically meaningful HF measures appear to extend to patients without type 2 diabetes mellitus. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02653482.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Circ Genom Precis Med ; 12(10): 458-485, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510778

RESUMO

One of 5 people will develop heart failure over his or her lifetime. Early diagnosis and better understanding of the pathophysiology of this disease are critical to optimal treatment. The "omics"-genomics, pharmacogenomics, epigenomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and microbiomics- of heart failure represent rapidly expanding fields of science that have, to date, not been integrated into a single body of work. The goals of this statement are to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of these omics as they relate to the development and progression of heart failure and to consider the current and potential future applications of these data for precision medicine with respect to prevention, diagnosis, and therapy.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Medicina de Precisão/tendências , American Heart Association , Epigenômica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/microbiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Metabolômica , Microbiota , Proteômica , Estados Unidos
20.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 12(7): e004714, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk stratification is critical in heart failure (HF) and the Meta-Analysis Global Group in Chronic HF (MAGGIC) score is a validated tool derived from ~40,000 patients. However, few of these patients self-identified as black, raising uncertainty regarding performance in blacks with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study analyzed a racially diverse group of 4046 patients (1646 black and 2400 white) from a single center from 2007 to 2015. Baseline characteristics were collected to tabulate MAGGIC score and test its discrimination and calibration within race groups. The primary end point was all-cause mortality. Death was detected using system records and the social security death master file. Discrimination was tested using Cox models of MAGGIC score stratified by race, and combined analysis including MAGGIC, race, and MAGGIC×race. Calibration was assessed using linear regression models and plots of observed versus predicted data. Overall, 901 (21%) patients died during 1-year follow-up. MAGGIC score discrimination was similar in both race groups in terms of C statistic (0.707±0.027 versus 0.725±0.014, for black versus white; P=0.556) and the hazard ratio (HR) per MAGGIC point was 1.12 in black patients (95% CI, 1.10-1.14) and 1.13 in white patients (95% CI, 1.12-1.14). Race was a significant correlate of survival, with better survival in black patients compared with white (HR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.56-0.78), but the interaction of MAGGIC×race was not significant (ß=-0.013; P=0.16), and adding race to the model did not improve discrimination (C statistic for MAGGIC versus MAGGIC+race, 0.721 versus 0.722; P=0.79). In calibration testing, the slope was not significantly different from 1 in either group, but the groups differed from each other, and it was closer to unity among black patients (0.94 versus 1.4; P=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: These data support the use of the MAGGIC score to risk stratify black patients with HF.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etnologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Michigan/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
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