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J Hazard Mater ; 378: 120720, 2019 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302477


For both fuel cycle design and safety evolution of tritium (T) in fusion reactor, it is important to study irradiation-induced reactions between T2 and various molecular species produced from nuclear-fusion fuel cleanup systems. The radiochemical reactions between deuterium-tritium/tritium and carbon monoxide of different concentrations under 1.0 MPa were elucidated in this work. The products and the process of radiochemical reactions of T2/CO and D2-T2/CO mixed system with different tritium concentrations were analyzed by mass spectrometry and gas chromatography. The evolution of the product composition in 300 min. was monitored at room temperature with a rapid decrease of tritium concentration and pressure. It was found that, in T2/CO and D2-T2/CO mixed system, only tritium was involved in the reaction of CO. Under the ß irradiation of tritium, the reaction products were mainly composed of tritiated formaldehyde (CT2O) and tiny amount of CO2, C(DT)4, C3(DT)8. The concentration of products rose with the increase of CO concentration in reaction system.

Materials (Basel) ; 9(5)2016 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28773500


Rock-like materials are composites that can be regarded as a mixture composed of elastic, plastic, and viscous components. They exhibit viscoelastic-plastic behavior under a high-strain-rate loading according to element model theory. This paper presents an analytical solution for stress wave propagation in viscoelastic-plastic rock-like materials under a high-strain-rate loading and verifies the solution through an experimental test. A constitutive equation of viscoelastic-plastic rock-like materials was first established, and then kinematic and kinetic equations were then solved to derive the analytic solution for stress wave propagation in viscoelastic-plastic rock-like materials. An experimental test using the SHPB (Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar) for a concrete specimen was conducted to obtain a stress-strain curve under a high-strain-rate loading. Inverse analysis based on differential evolution was conducted to estimate undetermined variables for constitutive equations. Finally, the relationship between the attenuation factor and the strain rate in viscoelastic-plastic rock-like materials was investigated. According to the results, the frequency of the stress wave, viscosity coefficient, modulus of elasticity, and density play dominant roles in the attenuation of the stress wave. The attenuation decreases with increasing strain rate, demonstrating strongly strain-dependent attenuation in viscoelastic-plastic rock-like materials.