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1.
Blood ; 134(Supplement_1): 44, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724018

RESUMO

DISCLOSURES: Bader: Riemser, Neovii: Research Funding; Medac: Patents & Royalties, Research Funding; Amgen (Brasil), Novartis: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Consultancy. Risitano:Alexion: Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Achillion: Research Funding; Apellis: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Apellis: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Biocryst: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Alexion: Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Amyndas: Consultancy; Samsung: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Samsung: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Roche: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Roche: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Amyndas: Consultancy; Biocryst: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Ra Pharma: Research Funding; Ra Pharma: Research Funding; Alnylam: Research Funding; Alnylam: Research Funding; Achillion: Research Funding. Peffault de Latour:Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Amgen: Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Alexion: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding.

4.
Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz) ; 67(5): 311-323, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177288

RESUMO

Excessive inflammatory environment in a course of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) is associated with T-cell trafficking into inflamed tissues. This study focused on the identification of IL-17-producing cells in the tissue biopsies of cGvHD patients. Forty-one biopsy specimens of cGvHD lesions of the skin (n = 27), gastrointestinal tract (n = 9) and oral mucosa (n = 5), examined in 24 patients, were morphologically defined according to the NIH criteria and analyzed for the presence of cellular infiltrations including: IL-17+, FOXP3+ and CCR6+ cells. IL-17+ cells were identified in 26/27 skin and in all gut and oral mucosa biopsies, being more frequent in mucosa lesions than in the skin (11/14 vs 14/26, respectively; NS: not significant). Double staining documented that CD138+/IL-17+ cells were commonly seen in the gut than in the skin (5/8 vs 3/11, respectively; NS). In the skin, cells expressing trafficking receptor CCR6+ were more frequent than IL-17+ cells compared to the mucosa (23/26 vs 2/13, respectively; p < 0.0001). CCR6 was present on a majority of IL-17+ cells in all examined skin biopsies but only in 6 out of 11 digestive tract biopsies (p = 0.0112). FOXP3+ cells were identified only in five patients (with mild lesions) at least in one biopsy. In this study group, results documented that local expansion of IL-17-producing cells in the digestive tract correlate with moderate and severe clinical symptoms of cGvHD, in contrast to the skin, where IL-17+ cells are rather scarcely present (p = 0.0301) and the course of cGvHD is slowly progressing with final organ deterioration.

6.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 143(6): 2238-2253, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30660643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CD40 ligand (CD40L) deficiency, an X-linked primary immunodeficiency, causes recurrent sinopulmonary, Pneumocystis and Cryptosporidium species infections. Long-term survival with supportive therapy is poor. Currently, the only curative treatment is hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). OBJECTIVE: We performed an international collaborative study to improve patients' management, aiming to individualize risk factors and determine optimal HSCT characteristics. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on 130 patients who underwent HSCT for CD40L deficiency between 1993-2015. We analyzed outcome and variables' relevance with respect to survival and cure. RESULTS: Overall survival (OS), event-free survival (EFS), and disease-free survival (DFS) were 78.2%, 58.1%, and 72.3% 5 years after HSCT. Results were better in transplantations performed in 2000 or later and in children less than 10 years old at the time of HSCT. Pre-existing organ damage negatively influenced outcome. Sclerosing cholangitis was the most important risk factor. After 2000, superior OS was achieved with matched donors. Use of myeloablative regimens and HSCT at 2 years or less from diagnosis associated with higher OS and DFS. EFS was best with matched sibling donors, myeloablative conditioning (MAC), and bone marrow-derived stem cells. Most rejections occurred after reduced-intensity or nonmyeloablative conditioning, which associated with poor donor cell engraftment. Mortality occurred mainly early after HSCT, predominantly from infections. Among survivors who ceased immunoglobulin replacement, T-lymphocyte chimerism was 50% or greater donor in 85.2%. CONCLUSION: HSCT is curative in patients with CD40L deficiency, with improved outcome if performed before organ damage development. MAC is associated with better OS, EFS, and DFS. Prospective studies are required to compare the risks of HSCT with those of lifelong supportive therapy.

8.
Hum Immunol ; 79(6): 403-412, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29605688

RESUMO

Serious risks in unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) including graft versus host disease (GvHD) and mortality are associated with HLA disparity between donor and recipient. The increased risks might be dependent on disparity in not-routinely-tested multiple polymorphisms in genetically dense MHC region, being organized in combinations of two extended MHC haplotypes (Ehp). We assessed the clinical role of donor-recipient Ehp disparity levels in N = 889 patients by the population-based detection of HLA allele phase mismatch. We found increased GvHD incidences and mortality rates with increasing Ehp mismatch level even with the same HLA mismatch level. In multivariate analysis HLA mismatch levels were excluded from models and Ehp disparity level remained independent prognostic factor for high grade acute GvHD (p = 0.000037, HR = 10.68, 95%CI 5.50-32.5) and extended chronic GvHD (p < 0.000001, HR = 15.51, CI95% 5.36-44.8). In group with single HLA mismatch, patients with double Ehp disparity had worse 5-year overall survival (45% vs. 56%, p = 0.00065, HR = 4.05, CI95% 1.69-9.71) and non-relapse mortality (40% vs. 31%, p = 0.00037, HR = 5.63, CI95% 2.04-15.5) than patients with single Ehp disparity. We conclude that Ehp-linked factors contribute to the high morbidity and mortality in recipients given HLA-mismatched unrelated transplant and Ehp matching should be considered in clinical HSCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Haplótipos/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Histocompatibilidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Alelos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Antígenos HLA/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Humanos , Lactente , Isoantígenos/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
Curr Probl Cancer ; 42(2): 268-275, 2018 Mar - Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29456131

RESUMO

Chemokines are small proteins, that regulate cell migration in many physiological and pathologic processes in human body. They are also responsible for cancer progression. CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is responsible for cell recruitment in inflammation and may be involved in antitumor immune response controlling. Aberrant CCR5 can be found in different kind of cancers, not only hematological, but also solid tumors. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas consist of many lymphoma subtypes. They predominantly derive from B cells and can have very heterogenous clinical course. That is why new prognostic factors are still needed to predict and select high-risk patients. We evaluated CCR5 expression in lymph nodes derived from B-cell lymphomas in comparison to reactive lymphatic tissue (reactive lymph nodes): samples of lymphoma lymph nodes, peripheral blood, and bone marrow aspirates of patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma were taken at diagnosis and after completed chemotherapy. Gene expression was determined by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction method. Expression was estimated from 0AU (no amplificate signal) to 3AU (maximal amplificate signal). We found low CCR5 expression in lymphomas and reactive lymph nodes. Higher CCR5 gene expression in lymphoma patients was correlated with advanced stage of the disease, high proliferation index (Ki-67), and international prognostic index. Patients with higher CCR5 expression had shorter survival. CCR5 high expression may have a role in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas progression and can influence patients' survival. CCR5 also can become an immunotherapeutic target for novel treatment options in the future as well as new prognostic factor.

10.
PLoS One ; 13(1): e0190525, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29304116

RESUMO

We studied three FLT3 ITD acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who relapsed after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) and received multikinase inhibitor (MKI) sorafenib as part of salvage therapy. MKI was given to block the effect of FLT3 ITD mutation which powers proliferation of blast cells. However, the known facts that sorafenib is more effective in patents post alloHSCT suggested that this MKI can augment the immune system surveillance on leukaemia. In the present study, we investigated in depth the effect of sorafenib on the alloreactivity seen post-transplant including that on leukaemia. The patients (i) responded to the treatment with cessation of blasts which lasted 1, 17 and 42+ months, (ii) developed skin lesions with CD3+ cell invasion of the epidermis, (iii) had marrow infiltrated with CD8+ lymphocytes which co-expressed PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1 receptor, CD279) in higher proportions than those in the blood (163±32 x103 cells/µl vs 38±8 x103 cells/µl, p<0.001). The Lymphoprep fraction of marrow cells investigated for the expression of genes involved in lymphocyte activation showed in the patients with long lasting complete remission (CR) a similar pattern characterized by (i) a low expression of nitric oxide synthase 2 (NOS2) and colony stimulating factor 2 (CSF2) as well as that of angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) (supporting the immune response and anti-angiogenic) genes, and (ii) higher expression of fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1) and collagen type IV alpha 3 chain (COL4A3) as well as toll like receptor 9 (TLR9) and interleukin-12 (IL-12) (pro-inflammatory expression profile) genes as compared with the normal individual. The positive effect in one patient hardly justified the presence of unwanted effects (progressive chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) and avascular necrosis of the femur), which were in contrast negligible in the other patient. The anti-leukemic and unwanted effects of sorafenib do not rely on each other.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Células da Medula Óssea/imunologia , Antígenos CD8/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/cirurgia , Linfócitos/imunologia , Niacinamida/análogos & derivados , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Niacinamida/uso terapêutico , Recidiva , Sorafenibe , Transplante Homólogo
11.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 141(1): 322-328.e10, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28392333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rare DNA breakage repair disorders predispose to infection and lymphoreticular malignancies. Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is curative, but coadministered chemotherapy or radiotherapy is damaging because of systemic radiosensitivity. We collected HCT outcome data for Nijmegen breakage syndrome, DNA ligase IV deficiency, Cernunnos-XRCC4-like factor (Cernunnos-XLF) deficiency, and ataxia-telangiectasia (AT). METHODS: Data from 38 centers worldwide, including indication, donor, conditioning regimen, graft-versus-host disease, and outcome, were analyzed. Conditioning was classified as myeloablative conditioning (MAC) if it contained radiotherapy or alkylators and reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) if no alkylators and/or 150 mg/m2 fludarabine or less and 40 mg/kg cyclophosphamide or less were used. RESULTS: Fifty-five new, 14 updated, and 18 previously published patients were analyzed. Median age at HCT was 48 months (range, 1.5-552 months). Twenty-nine patients underwent transplantation for infection, 21 had malignancy, 13 had bone marrow failure, 13 received pre-emptive transplantation, 5 had multiple indications, and 6 had no information. Twenty-two received MAC, 59 received RIC, and 4 were infused; information was unavailable for 2 patients. Seventy-three of 77 patients with DNA ligase IV deficiency, Cernunnos-XLF deficiency, or Nijmegen breakage syndrome received conditioning. Survival was 53 (69%) of 77 and was worse for those receiving MAC than for those receiving RIC (P = .006). Most deaths occurred early after transplantation, suggesting poor tolerance of conditioning. Survival in patients with AT was 25%. Forty-one (49%) of 83 patients experienced acute GvHD, which was less frequent in those receiving RIC compared with those receiving MAC (26/56 [46%] vs 12/21 [57%], P = .45). Median follow-up was 35 months (range, 2-168 months). No secondary malignancies were reported during 15 years of follow-up. Growth and developmental delay remained after HCT; immune-mediated complications resolved. CONCLUSION: RIC HCT resolves DNA repair disorder-associated immunodeficiency. Long-term follow-up is required for secondary malignancy surveillance. Routine HCT for AT is not recommended.

12.
J Clin Immunol ; 37(6): 539-547, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28711959

RESUMO

This multicentre, open-label, prospective, single-arm study was designed to evaluate the efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and safety of IqYmune®, a highly purified 10% polyvalent immunoglobulin preparation for intravenous administration in patients with primary immunodeficiency. IqYmune® was administered to 62 patients (aged 2-61 years) with X-linked agammaglobulinemia or common variable immune deficiency at a dose from 0.22 to 0.97 g/kg every 3 to 4 weeks for 12 months with an infusion rate up to 8 mL/kg/h. A pharmacokinetic study was performed at steady state between the 8th and the 9th infusion. A single case of serious bacterial infection was observed, leading to an annualized rate of serious bacterial infections/patient (primary endpoint) of 0.017 (98% CI: 0.000, 0.115). Overall, 228 infections were reported, most frequently bronchitis, chronic sinusitis, nasopharyngitis and upper respiratory tract infection. The mean annualized rate of infections was 3.79/patient. A lower risk of infections was associated with an IgG trough level > 8 g/L (p = 0.01). The mean annualized durations of absence from work or school and of hospitalization due to infections were 1.01 and 0.89 days/patient, respectively. The mean serum IgG trough level before the 6th infusion was 7.73 g/L after a mean dose of IqYmune® of 0.57 g/kg. The pharmacokinetic profile of IqYmune® was consistent with that of other intravenous immunoglobulins. Overall, 15.5% of infusions were associated with an adverse event occurring within 72 h post infusion. Headache was the most common adverse event. In conclusion, IqYmune® was shown to be effective and well tolerated in patients with primary immunodeficiency.


Assuntos
Agamaglobulinemia/terapia , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/terapia , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/terapia , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Agamaglobulinemia/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Imunodeficiência de Variável Comum/imunologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/diagnóstico , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/imunologia , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/efeitos adversos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/farmacocinética , Imunoterapia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Am J Hematol ; 92(4): 359-366, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28103640

RESUMO

Intensive induction chemotherapy using anthracycline and cytarabine backbone is considered the most effective upfront therapy in physically fit older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, outcomes of the standard induction in elderly AML are inferior to those observed in younger patients, and they are still unsatisfactory. As addition of cladribine to the standard induction therapy is known to improve outcome in younger AML patients. The present randomized phase II study compares efficacy and toxicity of the DAC (daunorubicin plus cytarabine plus cladribine) regimen with the standard DA (daunorubicin plus cytarabine) regimen in the newly diagnosed AML patients over 60 years of age. A total of 171 patients were enrolled in the study (DA, 86; DAC, 85). A trend toward higher complete remission (CR) was observed in the DAC arm compared to the DA arm (44% vs. 34%; P = .19), which did not lead to improved median overall survival, which in the case of the DAC group was 8.6 months compared to in 9.1 months in the DA group (P = .64). However, DAC appeared to be superior in the group of patients aged 60-65 (CR rate: DAC 51% vs. DA 29%; P = .02). What is more, a subgroup of patients, with good and intermediate karyotypes, benefited from addition of cladribine also in terms of overall survival (P = .02). No differences in hematological and nonhematological toxicity between the DA and DAC regimens were observed.


Assuntos
Cladribina/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cladribina/farmacologia , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Daunorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Cariotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia , Indução de Remissão
14.
Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz) ; 64(Suppl 1): 63-71, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27933342

RESUMO

Natural killer (NK) cell licensing status depends on clonal expression of inhibitory killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (iKIR) and short term HLA environment. Licensed NK cells are more efficient in tumor killing than unlicensed NK cells. Cognate KIR-HLA pairs in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) donor and recipient are decisive for the possible change in the NK cell licensing status after HSCT. We assessed clinical outcomes in 297 patients with lymphoproliferative or myeloproliferative malignancies, or myelodysplastic syndrome in a model with upward licensing, downward resetting, and unchanged licensing genetics status after T cell replate HSCT from unrelated donors. We found extremely low (0%) relapse/progression incidence (RI), and better (59%) event-free survival (EFS) in recipients with upward licensing status and highly increased RI (37.5%), and reduced EFS (8%) among patients with the downward resetting status of repopulated donor NK cells after HSCT, as compared with unchanged NK cell licensing (RI 23%, EFS 47%). These trends were confirmed in adjusted multivariable models (for RI p = 6.66E-09, OR = 1.47, 95% CI 1.29-1.66 and for EFS p = 3.79E-13, OR = 1.67, 95% CI 1.50-1.84). Differences in the incidence of acute graft versus host disease (GvHD 62, 69, and 47%) and chronic GvHD (24, 44, and 15%, respectively) in three groups were insignificant. It would be rationale the preferential selection of the donors with upward licensing over downward resetting inhibitory KIR:HLA constellation and inclusion of the KIR genotyping in the donor selection algorithm for malignant patients. Further studies using enlarged cohorts of patients with more homogenous diagnosis are essential to reliably verify these preliminary data.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA/química , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/citologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/citologia , Receptores KIR/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Algoritmos , Alelos , Medula Óssea , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Seleção do Doador , Genótipo , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Humanos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/imunologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/imunologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/imunologia , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/terapia , Receptores KIR/genética , Recidiva , Doadores não Relacionados , Adulto Jovem
16.
Clin Epigenetics ; 8: 93, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27602173

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our recent study demonstrated that DNA methylation status in a set of CpGs located in ELOVL2, C1orf132, TRIM59, KLF14, and FHL2 can accurately predict calendar age in blood. In the present work, we used these markers to evaluate the effect of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) on the age-related methylation signature of human blood. METHODS: DNA methylation in 32 CpGs was investigated in 16 donor-recipient pairs using pyrosequencing. DNA was isolated from the whole blood collected from recipients 27-360 days (mean 126) after HSCT and from the donors shortly before the HSCT. RESULTS: It was found that in the recipients, the predicted age did not correlate with their calendar age but was correlated with the calendar age (r = 0.94, p = 4 × 10(-8)) and predicted age (r = 0.97, p = 5 × 10(-10)) of a respective donor. Despite this strong correlation, the predicted age of a recipient was consistently lower than the predicted age of a donor by 3.7 years (p = 7.8 × 10(-4)). This shift was caused by hypermethylation of the C1orf132 CpGs, for C1orf132 CpG_1. Intriguingly, the recipient-donor methylation difference correlated with calendar age of the donor (r = 0.76, p = 6 × 10(-4)). This finding could not trivially be explained by shifts of the major cellular factions of blood. CONCLUSIONS: We confirm the single previous report that after HSCT, the age of the donor is the major determinant of age-specific methylation signature in recipient's blood. A novel finding is the unique methylation dynamics of C1orf132 which encodes MIR29B2C implicated in the self-renewing of hematopoietic stem cells. This observation suggests that C1orf132 could influence graft function after HSCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doadores de Tecidos , Metilação de DNA , Humanos
17.
Cytokine ; 76(2): 182-186, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25982843

RESUMO

The present study aimed to assess the impact of the CXCL12 gene polymorphism (rs1801157) on clinical outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from unrelated donors. Toxic complications were less frequent among patients transplanted from donors carrying the CXCL12-3'-A allele (42/79 vs. 105/151, p=0.014 and 24/79 vs. 73/151, p=0.009, for grade II-IV and III-IV, respectively). Logistic regression analyses confirmed a role of donor A allele (OR=0.509, p=0.022 and OR=0.473, p=0.013 for grade II-IV and III-IV toxicity). In addition, age of recipients (OR=0.980, p=0.036 and OR=0.981, p=0.040, respectively) was independently protective while female to male transplantation and HLA compatibility were not significant. The incidence of aGvHD (grades I-IV) was lower in patients having A allele (52/119 vs. 113/204, p=0.043) and AA homozygous genotype (6/25 vs. 159/298, p=0.005). Independent associations of both genetic markers with a decreased risk of aGvHD were also seen in multivariate analyses (A allele: OR=0.591, p=0.030; AA homozygosity: OR=0.257, p=0.006) in which HLA compatibility seemed to play less protective role (p<0.1) while recipient age and donor-recipient gender relation were not significant. Moreover, CXCL12-3'-A-positive patients were less prone to early HHV-6 reactivation (2/34 vs. 19/69, p=0.026). The presence of the CXCL12-3'-A variant was found to facilitate outcome of unrelated HSCT.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CXCL12/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Doadores não Relacionados , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Alelos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Genótipo , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 6/fisiologia , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Transplante Homólogo , Ativação Viral , Adulto Jovem
19.
Viruses ; 7(3): 1391-408, 2015 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25807050

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from anti-cytomegalovirus immunoglobulin G (anti-CMV-IgG) positive donors facilitated immunological recovery post-transplant, which may indicate that chronic CMV infection has an effect on the immune system. This can be seen in the recipients after reconstitution with donor lymphocytes. We evaluated the composition of lymphocytes at hematologic recovery in 99 patients with hematologic malignancies post hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Anti-CMV-IgG seropositivity of the donor was associated with higher proportions of CD4+ (227.963 ± 304.858 × 106 vs. 102.050 ± 17.247 × 106 cells/L, p = 0.009) and CD4+CD25high (3.456 ± 0.436 × 106 vs. 1.589 ± 0.218 × 106 cells/L, p = 0.003) lymphocytes in the blood at hematologic recovery. The latter parameter exerted a diverse influence on the risk of acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) if low (1.483 ± 0.360 × 106 vs. 3.778 ± 0.484 × 106 cells/L, p < 0.001) and de novo chronic GvHD (cGvHD) if high (3.778 ± 0.780 × 106 vs. 2.042 ± 0.261 × 106 cells/L, p = 0.041). Higher values of CD4+ lymphocytes in patients who received transplants from anti-CMV-IgG-positive donors translated into a reduced demand for IgG support (23/63 vs. 19/33, p = 0.048), and these patients also exhibited reduced susceptibility to cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and/or human herpes 6 virus (HHV6) infection/reactivation (12/50 vs. 21/47, p = 0.032). Finally, high levels (³0.4%) of CD4+CD25high lymphocytes were significantly associated with better post-transplant survival (56% vs. 38%, four-year survival, p = 0.040). Donors who experience CMV infection/reactivation provide the recipients with lymphocytes, which readily reinforce the recovery of the transplanted patients' immune system.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/imunologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Doadores de Tecidos , Transplantados , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/química , Criança , Citomegalovirus/imunologia , Feminino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-2/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/química , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 21(5): 829-39, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25617806

RESUMO

Some cancers treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are sensitive to natural killer cell (NK) reactivity. NK function depends on activating and inhibitory receptors and is modified by NK education/licensing effect and mediated by coexpression of inhibitory killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) and its corresponding HLA I ligand. We assessed activating KIR (aKIR)-based HLA I-dependent education capacity in donor NKs in 285 patients with hematological malignancies after HSCT from unrelated donors. We found significantly adverse progression-free survival (PFS) and time to progression (TTP) in patients who received transplant from donors with NKs educated by C1:KIR2DS2/3, C2:KIR2DS1, or Bw4:KIR3DS1 pairs (for PFS: hazard ratio [HR], 1.70; P = .0020, Pcorr = .0039; HR, 1.54; P = .020, Pcorr = .039; HR, 1.51; P = .020, Pcorr = .040; and for TTP: HR, 1.82; P = .049, Pcorr = .096; HR, 1.72; P = .096, Pcorr = .18; and HR, 1.65; P = .11, Pcorr = .20, respectively). Reduced PFS and TTP were significantly dependent on the number of aKIR-based education systems in donors (HR, 1.36; P = .00031, Pcorr = .00062; and HR, 1.43; P = .019, Pcorr = .038). Furthermore, the PFS and TTP were strongly adverse in patients with missing HLA ligand cognate with educating aKIR-HLA pair in donor (HR, 3.25; P = .00022, Pcorr = .00045; and HR, 3.82; P = .027, Pcorr = .054). Together, these data suggest important qualitative and quantitative role of donor NK education via aKIR-cognate HLA ligand pairs in the outcome of HSCT. Avoiding the selection of transplant donors with high numbers of aKIR-HLA-based education systems, especially for recipients with missing cognate ligand, is advisable.


Assuntos
Efeito Enxerto vs Tumor/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Receptores KIR/imunologia , Doadores não Relacionados , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Efeito Enxerto vs Tumor/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Lactente , Células Matadoras Naturais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores KIR/genética
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