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1.
J Med Primatol ; 51(1): 3-19, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-human primates can present oral diseases. However, differences among the dentition of the various species make it difficult to understand their dental features and associated diseases. This research hypothesizes that the prevalence of dental disorders varies in the species studied according to distinct types of diet. METHODS: Forty-five syncraniums of the species Alouatta caraya, Alouatta guariba clamitans, Sapajus nigritus, Callithrix jacchus, and Callithrix penicillata were evaluated by visual inspection, magnifying glasses, and on cone-beam computed tomography. RESULTS: Disorders identified consisted of missing teeth before death, agenesis, dental calculus, dental wear, dental staining, dental fracture, exposure of pulp chamber, alveolar bone resorption, tooth discoloration, and persistence of deciduous teeth. Alouatta guariba clamitans presented the most disorders. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that neotropical primates have a high prevalence of dental changes, even in free-living conditions, and that the differences observed among them may be associated with different diet patterns.


Assuntos
Alouatta , Cebinae , Animais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Callithrix , Prevalência , Crânio
2.
J Avian Med Surg ; 35(3): 313-324, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677030

RESUMO

Birds are among the most visually proficient group of animals on the planet; however, their inability to visualize and discriminate translucent glass structures results in an extreme number of deaths worldwide from high-speed collisions. Despite reports of avian glass collisions in North America, only a few studies have been developed to understand this problem in South America, and none evaluated radiographic and postmortem findings. One hundred cadavers were examined radiographically and postmortem, and data from 186 collision reports were analyzed for seasonality (website and manual reports and cadavers). A total of 34 different species of birds within 22 families were evaluated for this study, with the rufous-bellied thrush (Turdus rufiventris; n = 12), eared dove (Zenaida auriculata; n = 12), and ruddy ground dove (Columbina talpacoti; n = 10) being the most common species. Only 6 (27.7%) migratory species were reported: Sick's swift (Chaetura meridionalis), small-billed elaenia (Elaenia parvirostris), Black Jacobin (Florisuga fusca), Great kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus), Double-collared seedeater (Sporophila caerulescens), and Creamy-bellied thrush (Turdus amaurochalinus). Males (51) were more frequently reported than females (5), and 50.1% of the males had active gonads. Sex was unable to be determined in 44 birds. The most common radiographic lesion, noted in 16 of 82 (19.5%) animals, was loss of coelomic definition, suggestive of hemorrhage. Prevalent postmortem findings included skull hemorrhages (58/75, 77.3%) and encephalic contusions (47/73, 64.4%), followed by coelomic hemorrhages (33/81, 40.7%). Most of the window collisions (61/186, 32.8%) occurred during spring, the most common breeding season of avian species in Brazil. Cranioencephalic trauma was identified as the primary cause of mortality associated with birds flying into glass windows. Migration does not appear to be the main predisposing factor for window collisions by birds in Brazil. Increased activity and aggression related to breeding season, especially in males, may be a more important predisposing factor for window collision accidents.


Assuntos
Passeriformes , Aves Canoras , Animais , Brasil , Fatores Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Vidro , Masculino
3.
Vet Ophthalmol ; 24(5): 533-542, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554632

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To provide a descriptive investigation about relevant features of the crested caracara's eye (Caracara plancus) and bony orbit, as well as provide data for ophthalmic tests. METHODS: Morphological observations and the following diagnostic tests were performed: Schirmer tear test (STT), conjunctival flora evaluation, corneal touch threshold (CTT), intraocular pressure (IOP), central corneal thickness (CCT), B-mode ocular biometry, palpebral fissure length (PFL), and corneal diameter (CD) in 19 healthy birds, plus two macerated skulls. Not all birds were used for each test. RESULTS: STT: 7.84 ± 3.05 mm/min; CTT: 2.46 ± 1.10 cm; IOP: 19.18 ± 3.07 mmHg; CCT: 0.31 ± 0.02 mm; PFL: 13.32 ± 1.06 mm; CD: 10.26 ± 2.43 mm; Axial globe length: 1.89 ± 0.06 cm; Anterior chamber depth: 0.27 ± 0.06 cm; Lens axial length: 4.55 ± 0.06 cm; Vitreous chamber depth: 1.2 ± 0.07 cm. The most frequent conjunctival bacterial isolates were Corynebacterium sp. (10/23.8%), Staphylococcus sp. (9/21.42%), Streptococcus sp. (7/16.6%), and E. coli (7/16.66%). The large lateral part of the palatine bone likely plays a role in the ventral protection of the globe against the impact of prey. Observed results are generally reflective of increased body mass compared to other Falconiformes, with values approaching those of similar sized Accipitriformes. CONCLUSIONS: These data may help veterinarians recognize peculiar morphologic features and perform a more accurate diagnosis of eye diseases of this avian species.


Assuntos
Oftalmopatias/veterinária , Olho/anatomia & histologia , Falconiformes/anatomia & histologia , Animais , Córnea/fisiologia , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Oftalmológico/veterinária , Olho/microbiologia , Oftalmopatias/diagnóstico , Oftalmopatias/microbiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Oculares , Órbita/anatomia & histologia , Lágrimas
4.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 30(4): e009721, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495043

RESUMO

Hemoplasmas are epierythrocytic bacteria that infect mammals. 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemoalbiventris' was detected in white-eared opossums (Didelphis albiventris) from southern and central-western Brazil. The present study aimed at: i) screening opossums for tick-borne (TBP) pathogens (Piroplasmida and Anaplasmataceae) and ii) detecting and characterizing hemoplasma species infecting opossums from Curitiba and Foz do Iguaçu cities in the Paraná State, southern Brazil. Thirty blood samples from white-eared opossums were evaluated by PCR assays. Animals were not infested by ectoparasites. The mammalian endogenous gapdh gene was consistently amplified in all samples. All opossums tested negative for Theileria/Babesia spp. and Ehrlichia/Anaplasma spp. by PCR based on 18S rRNA and 16S rRNA genes, respectively. A genus-specific PCR assay based on the 16S rRNA gene of hemoplasmas showed that three/13 (23.08%; CI 95%: 8.18-50.26%) opossums from Foz do Iguaçu were positive for hemotropic Mycoplasma sp. All opossums from Curitiba tested negative for hemoplasmas. Sequencing of both the 16S and 23S rRNA genes revealed that the animals were infected by 'Ca. M. haemoalbiventris'. Although 'Ca. M. haemoalbiventris' is prevalent in opossums in Brazil, clinical signs associated with its infection and its putative vectors remain unknown.


Assuntos
Didelphis , Infecções por Mycoplasma , Mycoplasma , Carrapatos , Animais , Brasil , Cidades , Mycoplasma/genética , Infecções por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/veterinária , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
5.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 68(3): 1054-1061, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810361

RESUMO

In Brazil, the orange-spined hairy dwarf porcupine (Sphiggurus villosus) is widely distributed in the Atlantic Rainforest biome being amongst the most frequently road-killed animal. Porcupines may also be commonly found on forest borders and occasionally, near urban areas where human and domestic dogs injuries caused by its spines may occur. Therefore, the aims of this study were (a) to screen porcupines for TBD pathogens and haemoplasmas and (b) to identify the tick species parasitizing these rodents in Paraná State, southern Brazil. Blood and/or spleen samples were collected from nine orange-spined hairy dwarf porcupines. A total of 275 ticks (34 males, 11 females, 7 nymphs and 223 larvae) were collected from eight porcupines: Amblyomma longirostre, A. parkeri and Amblyomma spp. larvae. Two out of nine (22%; 95% CI: 3%-60%) porcupines were PCR-positive for haemoplasmas. All animals tested negative for Theileria/Babesia spp. and Ehrlichia/Anaplasma spp. by PCR. Phylogenetic and network analysis of the 16S and 23S rRNA gene fragments confirmed that animals were infected by a potentially novel haemotropic Mycoplasma sp. The name 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemosphiggurus' is proposed for this novel organism that should be further fully characterized.


Assuntos
Ixodidae/microbiologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/veterinária , Mycoplasma/isolamento & purificação , Porcos-Espinhos , Doenças dos Roedores/microbiologia , Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária , Animais , Brasil , Feminino , Ixodidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/microbiologia , Masculino , Mycoplasma/classificação , Infecções por Mycoplasma/microbiologia , Ninfa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ninfa/microbiologia , Infestações por Carrapato/parasitologia
6.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 30(4): e009721, 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1341191

RESUMO

Abstract Hemoplasmas are epierythrocytic bacteria that infect mammals. 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemoalbiventris' was detected in white-eared opossums (Didelphis albiventris) from southern and central-western Brazil. The present study aimed at: i) screening opossums for tick-borne (TBP) pathogens (Piroplasmida and Anaplasmataceae) and ii) detecting and characterizing hemoplasma species infecting opossums from Curitiba and Foz do Iguaçu cities in the Paraná State, southern Brazil. Thirty blood samples from white-eared opossums were evaluated by PCR assays. Animals were not infested by ectoparasites. The mammalian endogenous gapdh gene was consistently amplified in all samples. All opossums tested negative for Theileria/Babesia spp. and Ehrlichia/Anaplasma spp. by PCR based on 18S rRNA and 16S rRNA genes, respectively. A genus-specific PCR assay based on the 16S rRNA gene of hemoplasmas showed that three/13 (23.08%; CI 95%: 8.18-50.26%) opossums from Foz do Iguaçu were positive for hemotropic Mycoplasma sp. All opossums from Curitiba tested negative for hemoplasmas. Sequencing of both the 16S and 23S rRNA genes revealed that the animals were infected by 'Ca. M. haemoalbiventris'. Although 'Ca. M. haemoalbiventris' is prevalent in opossums in Brazil, clinical signs associated with its infection and its putative vectors remain unknown.


Resumo Hemoplasmas são bactérias epieritrocíticas que infectam mamíferos. 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemoalbiventris' foi detectado previamente em gambás-de-orelha-branca (Didelphis albiventris) das regiões sul e centro-oeste do Brasil. O presente estudo objetivou: i) triar os gambás para as doenças transmitidas por carrapatos (Piroplasmida e Anaplasmataceae); e ii) detectar e caracterizar as espécies de hemoplasma que infectam gambás nas cidades de Curitiba e Foz do Iguaçu, no Estado do Paraná, sul do Brasil. Trinta amostras de sangue de gambás-de-orelha-branca foram analisadas por PCR. Os animais não estavam infestados por ectoparasitos. O gene endógeno de mamífero gapdh foi amplificado em todas as amostras. Todos os gambás testaram negativos para Theileria/Babesia spp. e Ehrlichia/Anaplasma spp. por PCR, respectivamente, para os genes 18S rRNA e 16S rRNA. Uma PCR gene-específica, baseada no gene 16S rRNA de hemoplasmas, mostrou que três/13 (23,08%; CI 95%: 8,18-50,26%) gambás de Foz do Iguaçu foram positivos para Mycoplasma sp. hemotrópico. Todos os gambás de Curitiba testaram negativos para hemoplasmas. O sequenciamento de fragmentos dos genes 16S e 23S rRNA revelou que os animais estavam infectados pelo 'Ca. M. haemoalbiventris'. Embora 'Ca. M. haemoalbiventris' seja prevalente em gambás no Brasil, os sinais clínicos associados à infecção e os prováveis vetores permanecem desconhecidos.

7.
J Zoo Wildl Med ; 50(4): 903-909, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926522

RESUMO

Most of the agouti species are kept in captivity, including the species Dasyprocta azarae. These animals are of zootechnical interest and, in addition, they can potentially be used as experimentation models because of their physical characteristics and possibility of manipulation. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of the echocardiographic exam in nonsedated agoutis and to determine the normal reference ranges for the standard transthoracic echocardiographic parameters in healthy, adult, free-ranging agoutis found in an urban wood and intended for scientific investigations. Most of the echocardiographic parameters evaluated were similar to what has already been described for other rodent species such as rabbits or the Dasyprocta primnolopha agoutis. Based on the information compiled in this study, echocardiographic examination is feasible in awake adult, free-ranging agoutis. The results obtained from the morphologic and hemodynamic evaluation of the heart can help in future studies, either involving the clinical aspects or considering the potential use of these animals as an experimental model.


Assuntos
Dasyproctidae/anatomia & histologia , Ecocardiografia/veterinária , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Animais , Dasyproctidae/fisiologia , Feminino , Coração/fisiologia , Masculino
8.
J Wildl Dis ; 56(2): 472-474, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743067

RESUMO

Thirty-six free-ranging agoutis (Dasyprocta azarae) from an urban area of the municipality of Curitiba, a southern region of Brazil, were tested for antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii and Leptospira spp. Antibodies were present in 25% and 6% agoutis, respectively. No statistical differences were observed based on sex, age, and body mass of the agoutis. High T. gondii seropositivity indicated environmental contamination, whereas lower seropositivity of Leptospira spp. suggested low environmental contamination or low susceptibility.


Assuntos
Dasyproctidae , Leptospira/isolamento & purificação , Leptospirose/veterinária , Toxoplasma/isolamento & purificação , Toxoplasmose Animal/sangue , Animais , Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cidades , Dasyproctidae/microbiologia , Dasyproctidae/parasitologia , Reservatórios de Doenças/veterinária , Feminino , Leptospirose/sangue , Leptospirose/epidemiologia , Masculino , Toxoplasmose Animal/epidemiologia
9.
J Zoo Wildl Med ; 50(1): 199-204, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120679

RESUMO

The black-fronted piping-guan (Aburria jacutinga) is and an endangered cracid species and little is known about its health. Hematology allows researchers to assess the health and physiological status of a population, but, to our knowledge, reference intervals are not available in the literature for A. jacutinga. Thus, the present study aimed to determine the hematological reference intervals of 31 captive black-fronted pipingguan adults in the state of Paraná, Brazil. Blood samples were collected from brachial vein and stored in heparinized tubes to be processed. The red blood cell (RBC) and white blood cell (WBC) counts were performed in a hemocytometer, and hemoglobin (HGB) concentration was obtained by the spectrophotometric cyanmethemoglobin method; packed cell volume (PCV) was determined by microhematocrit technique, and the mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were calculated according to a previously established formula. The heterophil : lymphocyte ratio was calculated by dividing the number of heterophils by the number of lymphocytes. Determination of the 95% reference intervals and 90% confidence intervals were performed in accordance with American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology guidelines using Reference Value Advisor (version 2.0). The results obtained were as follows: RBC, 1.4-2.8 × 106/µl; PCV, 34.3-51.2%; HGB, 8.0-12.6 g/dl; MCV, 157.3-261.4 fl; MCHC, 22.0-26.7 g/dl; WBC, 2.3-33.1 × 103/µl; heterophils, 12.1-16.3%, 0.5-14.4 × 103/µl; lymphocytes, 19.8-69.0%, 1.4-16.4 × 103/µl; monocytes, 0.7-17.3%, 0.1-2.8×103/µl; eosinophils, 0.4-12.8%, 0.0-3.9 × 103/µl; basophils, 0.8-12.0%, 0.0-1.9 × 103/µl; and the heterophil : lymphocyte ratio, 0.2-3.0. The present study fills gaps in the literature on hematological values for A. jacutinga, which can be used to assess the health of the species populations. In addition, it contributed to establishing the health status of captive black-fronted piping-guans, indicating the possible welfare of the birds.


Assuntos
Análise Química do Sangue/veterinária , Galliformes/sangue , Testes Hematológicos/veterinária , Animais , Animais de Zoológico/sangue , Brasil , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , Feminino , Masculino , Valores de Referência
10.
Open Vet J ; 7(1): 23-31, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28210544

RESUMO

The aim of this investigation is to describe the potential contributing nutritional factors involved in the development of ophthalmic and dermatologic changes in four Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris spp tigris) cubs fed an artificial milk formula. The affected animals were compared with two other tiger cubs that had been nursed by their dam naturally. After the first clinical signs appeared, the tiger cubs underwent ophthalmic evaluation. Severe symmetric generalized alopecia over the trunk, sparing the head and distal portion of the front and rear limbs, bilateral cataracts and strabismus were noticed. Milk and blood from the mother, as well as blood from the healthy and affected cubs were collected in order to evaluate complete blood counts, serum chemistry values, and amino acid levels. The amino acid concentrations in the artificial formula were also evaluated for comparison to the milk from the dam. The concentration of taurine, arginine, phenylalanine, tryptophan and histidine were very low in the artificial formulas as compared to the dam´s milk. The tiger cubs that received the artificial formula had lower levels of the amino acids listed previously as compared to those that nursed from the dam naturally. Taurine, as well as arginine, phenylalanine, tryptophan and histidine deficiency appeared to be possible causes of the development of skin problems, cataracts and strabismus in the tiger cubs fed with these particular artificial milk replacers. In the future, special attention should be given in order to make sure that adequate levels of these amino acids are present in artificial milk for tiger cubs.

11.
Clin Case Rep ; 4(7): 636-42, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27386118

RESUMO

Ultrasonography suggested the diagnosis of cataract associated with persistent fetal intraocular vasculature in a 26-day-old sambar deer. The deer was ill and died despite intense critical care. Globes were removed. Histological characteristics of persistent fetal vasculature and secondary cataract are reported expanding the knowledge of ophthalmic disorders in wild ungulates.

12.
Vet Ophthalmol ; 18 Suppl 1: 119-24, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24799158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate endodontic paper point tear test (PPTT) in rabbits and compare changes in corneal touch threshold (CTT) induced by Schirmer tear test (STT) and PPTT. Normal corneal sensitivity recovery time after both tear tests was also measured. Also, mean PPTT and STT values were obtained. METHODS: Tear production of 20 eyes, from 10 rabbits, was evaluated using STT and the PPTT. Central corneal touch threshold was measured by a Cochet-Bonnet esthesiometer before any tear test was performed (zero time), immediately after the test (1 min), and consecutively at 6, 11, 16, and 26 min. Tests were conducted on three consecutive days: Day 1 - control condition, no tear tests performed only the CTT; Day 2 - CTT before and after PPTT; and Day 3 - CTT before and after STT. CTT values were compared using repeated measures ANOVA. RESULTS: Corneal touch threshold was significantly increased for at least 16 min after STT, indicating STT causes corneal discomfort. No difference was found between CTT following PPTT and controls, indicating PPTT caused minimal corneal discomfort. The mean (±SD) value for STT was 5.2 ± 1.0 mm/min and for PPTT was 13.8 ± 1.5 mm/min. DISCUSSION: The aqueous fraction of rabbit's tears can be successfully measured by PPTT. This report established reference values for PPTT in rabbits. Additionally, the absence of a significant difference in CTT after PPTT compared with controls shows that PPTT is well tolerated by rabbits. Considering the improved comfort (compared with STT), accuracy, and low cost, PPTT is a bona fide method of measuring aqueous tear production in rabbits.


Assuntos
Córnea/fisiologia , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Oftalmológico/veterinária , Coelhos/fisiologia , Lágrimas/fisiologia , Animais , Corantes , Aparelho Lacrimal/metabolismo , Fenolsulfonaftaleína , Fitas Reagentes
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24515628

RESUMO

Tonic immobility (TI) is a response to fear or threat by remaining motionless, principally when attacked by predators from which there is no possibility of escape. Thus, here we demonstrate a way of easily reproducing this phenomenon in a laboratory setting and characterize the cardiac electromechanical alterations during TI. We observed a significant decrease in heart rate (HR) and changes of rhythm in electrocardiogram during TI in rabbits. Echocardiogram showed a significant increase in the left ventricle chamber diameter during systole and a consequent decrease in fractional shortening and ejection fraction, in addition to the HR and rhythm changes. There was also a significant decrease in aortic and pulmonary artery blood flow. Diastolic functional changes included a significant decrease of the peak atrial contraction velocity (A peak) and consequent increase in the ratio of peak early diastolic velocity to A peak and increased isovolumetric relaxation time. We were able to prove that TI changes the cardiac function considerably. Although the "fight-or-flight" response is the most common response to fear, which is characterized by the action of sympathetic nervous system with tachycardia and increased physical activity, TI is an alternative anti-predator behavior causing cardiac changes opposite to the "fight-or-flight" phenomenon.


Assuntos
Reação de Congelamento Cataléptica/fisiologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Coração/fisiologia , Animais , Aorta/fisiologia , Diástole/fisiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Medo/fisiologia , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração , Masculino , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiologia , Coelhos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Sístole/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo
14.
J Vet Dent ; 30(2): 90-4, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24006718

RESUMO

A 10-year-old DSH cat was referred for a dental evaluation and extraction procedure. Subsequently, the animal developed an acute onset of ocular discharge. Ophthalmologic examination revealed presence of unilateral ocular mucoid discharge leading to a diagnosis of epiphora secondary to nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Dacryocystorhinography was performed and confirmed the presence of a nasolacrimal duct obstruction, presumably acquired after an invasive dental procedure. Additionally, a vinyl cast in situ study of the nasolacrymal apparatus was performed to demonstrate the route of the nasolacrimal duct in the cat and its relationship to oral dental structures. This report documents an unusual case in which excessive inflammation/edema following tooth extraction caused acute epiphora secondary to extraluminal compression of the distal nasolacrimal duct.


Assuntos
Doença Iatrogênica , Obstrução dos Ductos Lacrimais/veterinária , Extração Dentária/veterinária , Animais , Gatos , Dente Canino/cirurgia , Exposição da Polpa Dentária/cirurgia , Exposição da Polpa Dentária/veterinária , Doenças do Aparelho Lacrimal/etiologia , Doenças do Aparelho Lacrimal/veterinária , Obstrução dos Ductos Lacrimais/etiologia , Masculino , Infecções Estafilocócicas/veterinária , Irrigação Terapêutica , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Reabsorção de Dente/cirurgia , Reabsorção de Dente/veterinária
15.
J Med Primatol ; 42(6): 336-42, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23931624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The acute abdomen is any abdominal disorder resulting in pain, shock, or sepsis. Although it has a multifactorial etiology, the primary cause is gastrointestinal tract pathology. The aim of this study was to assess the contribution of abdominal ultrasound as a complementary diagnostic tool in non-human primates with an acute abdomen. METHODS: Three different non-human primates with clinical signs of acute abdomen were evaluated as follows: a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), a tufted capuchin (Cebus apella), and a black-tufted marmoset (Callithrix penicillata). RESULTS: Ultrasonographic examination assisted in the identification of a variety of differential diagnoses and was used in decision-making for exploratory laparotomy, which was performed in two animals. Ultrasound examination confirmed the source of the acute abdomen as the gastrointestinal tract in the three animals studied. CONCLUSIONS: Abdominal ultrasound is a useful technique for the investigation of signs of acute abdomen in non-human primates.


Assuntos
Abdome Agudo/diagnóstico por imagem , Callithrix , Cebus , Enteropatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Pan troglodytes , Abdome Agudo/cirurgia , Abdome Agudo/veterinária , Animais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Enteropatias/cirurgia , Enteropatias/veterinária , Laparotomia , Masculino , Ultrassonografia
16.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 31(12): 1129-1132, dez. 2011. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-611213

RESUMO

Nos últimos anos o furão (Mustela putorius furo) tornou-se um conhecido animal de estimação sendo observada uma população em constante crescimento no Brasil, e por conseqüência cada vez mais presente em clínicas veterinárias. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a anatomia ultrassonográfica dos linfonodos abdominais de furões-europeus hígidos. Foram utilizados 20 animais, dentre os quais nove eram machos e onze fêmeas, com idade média total de três anos. Localizaram-se em 100 por cento dos furões os linfonodos mesentéricos, em 55 por cento dos animais os linfonodos pancreático-duodenal e esplênico, em 20 por cento o linfonodo gástrico e em 5 por cento o linfonodo hepático. Conclui-se que a localização e características ultrassonográfica dos linfonodos abdominais em furões são muito similares aos linfonodos abdominais de gatos, sendo este estudo uma orientação preliminar para a localização dos linfonodos abdominais de furões hígidos.


In recent years the ferret (Mustela putorius furo) has become popular pet featuring a ever growing population in Brazil, and being increasingly found in veterinary clinics. This study aimed to evaluate the ultrasound anatomy of abdominal lymph nodes of healthy ferrets. We used 20 animals, nine of which males and eleven females, with overall mean age of three years. We located the mesenteric lymph nodes in 100 percent of the ferrets, the pancreatic-duodenal lymph nodes and the splenic ones in 55 percent, the gastric lymph node in 20 percent, and the hepatic lymph node in 5 percent. We measured their lengths. It is concluded that the location and sonographic characteristics of the abdominal lymph nodes in ferrets are very similar to the abdominal lymph nodes of cats. This is a preliminary orientation for the location of abdominal lymph nodes of healthy ferrets.


Assuntos
Animais , Sistema Digestório , Furões/anatomia & histologia , Linfonodos/anatomia & histologia , Ultrassonografia/veterinária , Gatos/anatomia & histologia
17.
Parasitol Int ; 59(3): 376-9, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20470895

RESUMO

The role of rodents in the sylvatic cycle of Neospora sp. and in the neosporosis epidemiology is still uncertain. The aim of the present work was to detect Neospora caninum and to determine its prevalence in capybaras (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris), to help elucidate the role of this rodent in the life cycle of the parasite. N.caninum DNA was detected by PCR using 4 different sets of primers specific to the Nc5 and ITS1 sequences. The parasite was found in the lymph nodes, heart, liver, and blood of 23% of the twenty-six capybaras studied. Sequencing the amplified DNA revealed 98% of similarity with N. caninum sequences deposited in the Genbank. Our findings provide the first molecular evidence of N. caninum infection in capybaras, supporting the hypothesis that these rodents can act as reservoirs of N. caninum and play a role in the life cycle of this parasite.


Assuntos
Coccidiose/veterinária , DNA de Protozoário/isolamento & purificação , Epidemiologia Molecular , Neospora/genética , Filogenia , Doenças dos Roedores/epidemiologia , Roedores/parasitologia , Animais , Coccidiose/epidemiologia , Coccidiose/parasitologia , DNA de Protozoário/análise , DNA de Protozoário/genética , Reservatórios de Doenças , Feminino , Estágios do Ciclo de Vida , Masculino , Neospora/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Neospora/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Doenças dos Roedores/parasitologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
Parasitol Res ; 107(1): 141-6, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20445992

RESUMO

Toxoplasmosis is considered nowadays as one of the most important foodborne diseases in the world. One of the emerging risks in acquiring infection with Toxoplasma gondii is the increasing popularity of wild animals and game meat. Capybara (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris) is the world's largest extant rodent and is used for human consumption in many areas of South America, and in case it carries T. gondii cysts, it may act as a source of infection. In the present study, we detected infection with T. gondii in capybaras from the south of Brazil. Antibodies to T. gondii were assayed in the serum of capybaras using the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT > or = 1:16). Blood, liver, heart, lymph nodes, and spleen tissues were collected and tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for B1 gene and ITS1 region. The results showed that 61.5% (16/26) capybaras were seropositive to T. gondii. Titers of specific antibodies to T. gondii ranged from 1:16 to 1:512. Among the feral rodents studied, 7.7% (2/26) were PCR positive for B1 gene assay and 11.5% (3/26) were positive for ITS1 PCR assay; for both test, the prevalence was 15.4%. Liver, heart, and blood tissues were those which tested positive for the apicomplexan. Our findings show a high percentage of infection with T. gondii in asymptomatic capybaras. Based on those data, we hypothesize that the consumption of raw or undercooked capybara meat could be a source of infection for humans.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue , DNA de Protozoário/análise , DNA de Protozoário/sangue , Roedores/parasitologia , Toxoplasma/isolamento & purificação , Toxoplasmose Animal/epidemiologia , Estruturas Animais/parasitologia , Animais , Brasil , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Feminino , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo/métodos , Masculino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Prevalência , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética , Toxoplasma/genética , Toxoplasma/imunologia , Toxoplasmose Animal/parasitologia
19.
J Zoo Wildl Med ; 40(1): 15-7, 2009 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19368236

RESUMO

Preliminary reference intervals for hematologic and total plasma protein profiles were determined for nine adult Red-capped parrots (Pionopsitta pileata) (six males and three females) and six Vinaceous Amazon parrots (Amazona vinacea) (two adult males, two adult females, one juvenile, and one nonsexed) from the Curitiba Zoo, Paraná, Brazil. For both Red-capped parrots and Vinaceous Amazon parrots, adult males had higher red blood cell counts than adult females. Regarding white blood cell distribution, differences due to gender were also found for both species of parrots.


Assuntos
Amazona/sangue , Papagaios/sangue , Fatores Etários , Animais , Animais de Zoológico/sangue , Análise Química do Sangue/veterinária , Proteínas Sanguíneas/análise , Contagem de Eritrócitos/veterinária , Feminino , Testes Hematológicos/veterinária , Contagem de Leucócitos/veterinária , Masculino , Valores de Referência , Fatores Sexuais , Especificidade da Espécie
20.
Arq. ciênc. vet. zool. UNIPAR ; 6(2): 101-104, jul.-dez. 2003. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-360711

RESUMO

Foram avaliados os padrões de crescimento para uma população de cutias (Dasyprocta azarae Lichtenstein, 1823) em cativeiro, no Criadouro Científico de Animais Silvestres do Museu de História Natural Capão da Imbuia (Curitiba - Paraná -Brasil). No período entre 1993 e 1997, efetuaram-se 699 medidas de 140 animais, avaliando-se os parâmetros peso (g) e comprimento total (mm). Na comparação da relação entre peso e comprimento total de ninhadas com um, dois, e três filhotes, foram observados diferentes valores para os fatores de condição (K). Os coeficientes angulares variaram de 2,9 a 3,2 (crescimento isométrico).


Assuntos
Animais , Crescimento , Mamíferos , Peso-Estatura
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