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1.
Am J Cardiol ; 152: 146-149, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237610

RESUMO

The optimal screening strategy to prevent sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes remains unknown. Pre-participation screening with electrocardiogram (ECG) remains controversial. The utility and accuracy of limb-lead (LL) ECG alone in identifying cardiac abnormalities associated with SCD has not been studied. This study was a comparative secondary data analysis, comparing the interpretation accuracy of 4 physicians evaluating publicly available ECGs of the most common cardiac conditions associated with SCD in athletes. Each physician interpreted a total of 100 ECGs: 50 normal ECGs (25 LL and 25 standard 12L) and 50 abnormal ECGs (25 LL and 25 standard 12L). The agreement between LL ECGs and 12L ECGs was assessed by Cohen's kappa coefficient and the accuracy of identifying an abnormal ECG was compared across LL and 12L ECGs using a chi-squared test. Inter-rater reliability was assessed by estimating the Fleiss's kappa coefficient. The sensitivity of LL ECG and 12L ECG was identical at 86%. The specificity of LL ECG was 75% (95% CI = 65% to 83%) and 12L ECG was 82% (95% CI = 73% to 89%). Substantial agreement was seen between LL ECG and 12L ECG interpretation across all readers (k = 0.63; 95% CI = 0.49 to 0.77). Interpretation accuracy was 81% (95% CI = 74% to 86%) and 84% (95% CI 78% to 89%) using LL ECG and 12L ECG, respectively (p = 0.43). In conclusion, the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were high and comparable for both LL ECG and 12L ECG in identifying cardiovascular conditions associated with SCD. Agreement between LL ECG and 12L ECG was substantial.


Assuntos
Atletas , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/complicações , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Brugada/complicações , Síndrome de Brugada/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Brugada/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/fisiopatologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Humanos , Síndrome do QT Longo/complicações , Síndrome do QT Longo/diagnóstico , Síndrome do QT Longo/fisiopatologia , Programas de Rastreamento , Miocardite/complicações , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/complicações , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/fisiopatologia
2.
J Dance Med Sci ; 25(2): 105-109, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781373

RESUMO

Hip microinstability, characterized by supraphysiologic movement of the femoroacetabular joint, has recently been recognized as a clinically relevant pathology. The potentially detrimental effects of its presence on joint health make identifying microinstability important; however, due to its multifaceted nature, screening for microinstability presents challenges. Musculoskeletal ultrasound offers an opportunity to visualize the arthrokinematics of the femoroacetabular joint on dynamic evaluation. Dancers may be particularly afflicted by microinstability due to the unique demands of their discipline. This study describes a method for evaluating femoral translation using dynamic ultrasound in adolescent dancers. One hundred forty-two dancers (117 females and 25 males) were recruited from a northeast high school dance program. Females mean age was 16.02 ± 1.06 years, mean BMI 20.35 ± 2.30 kg/m², and mean years of dance experience 10.91 ± 2.84 years. Males mean age was 15.84 ± 1.26 years, mean BMI 21.78 ± 2.84 kg/m², and mean years of dance experience 7.96 ± 2.82 years. Two hundred eighty-four hips were visualized under ultrasound imaging with the participants in both a neutral position and with the hip extended and externally rotated. The distance (mm) the femoral head was positioned anterior to the acetabulum was recorded for both these positions. The calculated difference in these values represented anterior translation. For female hips, the total mean anterior translation was 1.23 ± 2.01mm (-4.8 to 9.30 mm); for male hips, the mean of anterior translation was 1.39 ± 2.22 mm (-7.90 to 5.90 mm). This study identified a normative value range for hip anterior translational motion under dynamic ultrasound among a healthy population of adolescent dancers.

3.
J Sci Med Sport ; 23(9): 814-819, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32336568

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To test whether 1) concussed athletes demonstrate slower tandem gait times compared to controls and 2) concussed female athletes display greater post-injury deficits than males. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal METHOD: Fifty concussed collegiate student-athletes (32% female, age=20.18±1.27 years) completed tandem gait tests during pre-season (Time 1) and acutely (<72hours) post-concussion (Time 2), and twenty-five controls (52% female, age=21.08±2.22 years) completed tandem gait at two time points, 1.96±0.46 days apart. Participants completed four single-task (ST) and dual-task (DT) trials. During DT trials, they simultaneously completed a cognitive assessment. The best ST and DT times were recorded, along with cognitive accuracy, and the change score between the two assessments was calculated. A positive change in tandem gait time was indicative of worsening performance. A 2×2 (group*sex) ANOVA was used to examine change between pre-injury and post-injury tests for ST/DT tandem gait time and DT cognitive accuracy. RESULTS: The change in tandem gait time from Time 1 to Time 2 was significantly higher for the concussion group relative to controls during both ST (Concussion: 1.36±2.6 seconds, Controls: -1.16±0.8 seconds, p<0.001) and DT (Concussion: 1.70±3.8 seconds, Controls: -0.94±1.7 seconds, p=0.002) tandem gait. There were no interactions or main effects of sex for tandem gait time or cognitive accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: There were no sex-specific differences in the change in tandem gait performance among concussed collegiate athletes or controls. However, all concussed participants, regardless of sex, performed significantly worse on tandem gait than male and female controls, who both improved between testing time points.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas/fisiopatologia , Concussão Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Marcha , Equilíbrio Postural , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
4.
Phys Sportsmed ; 47(4): 441-447, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109214

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the evaluation, management and recovery time of hallux sesamoid fractures in young athletes.Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed in a large academic teaching institution over a 5-year period (1/1/2010-12/31/2014). All patients with a sesamoid injury were initially included. Excluded were those patients who: 1) did not receive the diagnosis of hallux sesamoid fracture, had a history of prior foot surgery, or had medical records inadequate for analysis, 2) had missing or unclear diagnostic imaging, 3) were age >21 years, or 4) did not report sports participation. Descriptive statistics were employed to analyze the data.Results: Fifty-eight patients (51 females and 7 males) with a mean age of 15.4 years (range: 9-21) were identified with a total of 59 sesamoid fractures. Dancing (37.9%), running (13.8%), and gymnastics (13.8%) were the most common sports reported among these patients. A greater number of fractures were classified as repetitive stress injuries (83.1%), rather than acute traumatic injuries (16.9%). Fractures were treated conservatively in the majority of cases (89.8%), and only six fractures (10.2%) were treated surgically. Most patients (84.7%) were able to return to sports and activities. The average time from diagnosis/start of treatment to pain-free state/cleared to return to sport was 161.4 days.Conclusion: Diagnosis of sesamoid fractures can be challenging, but overall most patients do well with conservative treatment and are able to return to sports and activities. Providers should keep sesamoid fracture in the differential when evaluating patients with pain in the area around the base of the first toe, especially in dancers, gymnasts, and runners. Understanding that the recovery from a sesamoid fracture can be a prolonged process may help patients develop realistic expectations.


Assuntos
Dança/lesões , Traumatismos do Pé/terapia , Fraturas Ósseas/terapia , Ginástica/lesões , Hallux/lesões , Corrida/lesões , Ossos Sesamoides/lesões , Adolescente , Atletas , Criança , Feminino , Traumatismos do Pé/diagnóstico , Traumatismos do Pé/cirurgia , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Hallux/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ossos Sesamoides/cirurgia
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