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1.
Cad Saude Publica ; 36(3): e00090619, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267375

RESUMO

This study explored the spillover and crossover associations between satisfaction with food-related life and life satisfaction in mothers, fathers and adolescent children in dual-earned families. This is a cross-sectional design study with mothers, fathers and children surveyed in Temuco, Chile. The participants were 303 dual-earner parents and their adolescent children (mean age 13.3 years, 51.5% female). Actor-partner Interdependence Model (APIM) and structural equation modeling were used to explore spillover (actor effect) and crossover (partner effect) associations among family members. As a result, fathers' satisfaction with food-related life was positively associated with their own life satisfaction (p ≤ 0.01), as well as with their partner's (mother's) satisfaction with life (p ≤ 0.05), but not with their adolescent child's life satisfaction (p > 0.1). Mothers and children presented positive spillovers between their own levels of satisfaction with food-related life and life satisfaction (p ≤ 0.01). No crossover effects were found between mothers and children (p > 0.1). This study results underscore the positive association between satisfaction with food-related life and life satisfaction among members of dual-earner families with adolescent children. Special efforts should be made by dual-earner parents to improve the variables related to their satisfaction with food-related life as well as their children's satisfaction.

2.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 36(3): e00090619, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1089442

RESUMO

This study explored the spillover and crossover associations between satisfaction with food-related life and life satisfaction in mothers, fathers and adolescent children in dual-earned families. This is a cross-sectional design study with mothers, fathers and children surveyed in Temuco, Chile. The participants were 303 dual-earner parents and their adolescent children (mean age 13.3 years, 51.5% female). Actor-partner Interdependence Model (APIM) and structural equation modeling were used to explore spillover (actor effect) and crossover (partner effect) associations among family members. As a result, fathers' satisfaction with food-related life was positively associated with their own life satisfaction (p ≤ 0.01), as well as with their partner's (mother's) satisfaction with life (p ≤ 0.05), but not with their adolescent child's life satisfaction (p > 0.1). Mothers and children presented positive spillovers between their own levels of satisfaction with food-related life and life satisfaction (p ≤ 0.01). No crossover effects were found between mothers and children (p > 0.1). This study results underscore the positive association between satisfaction with food-related life and life satisfaction among members of dual-earner families with adolescent children. Special efforts should be made by dual-earner parents to improve the variables related to their satisfaction with food-related life as well as their children's satisfaction.


Este estudio exploró las asociaciones spillover y crossover entre la satisfacción con la alimentación y la vida en madres, padres y niños adolescentes, en familias con dos fuentes de ingresos. El diseño del estudio es transversal con madres, padres y niños, realizado en Temuco, Chile. Los participantes fueron 303 parejas con ingresos (cada uno de los miembros) y sus hijos adolescentes (promedio de edad 13,3 años, 51,5% mujeres). Se utilizó un modelo de interdependencia actor-compañero (Actor-partner Interdependence Model - APIM por sus siglas en inglés) y modelos de ecuación estructural para investigar las asociaciones spillover (efecto actor) y crossover (efecto compañero) entre los miembros de las familias. En los resultados, la satisfacción con la alimentación de los padres estuvo positivamente asociada con su propia satisfacción vital (p ≤ 0,01), al igual con la satisfacción vital de su pareja (la madre, p ≤ 0,05), pero no con la satisfacción con la vida de su hijo adolescente (p > 0,1). Madres e hijos mostraron asociaciones spillover positivas entre sus propios niveles de satisfacción con la alimentación y la satisfacción con la vida (p ≤ 0,01). No hubo efectos crossovers entre madres e hijos (p > 0,1). Los resultados de este estudio destacan la asociación positiva entre la satisfacción con la alimentación y la satisfacción vital entre miembros de familias con dos ingresos e hijos adolescentes. Se deberían realizar esfuerzos especiales en las parejas con ingresos por ambas partes para mejorar las variables relacionadas con su satisfacción con la alimentación, así como también con de su hijos.


Este estudo explorou as associações de spillover e crossover entre a satisfação com a vida relacionada à alimentação e a satisfação com a vida em geral em mães, pais e filhos adolescentes em famílias com duas fontes de renda. O delineamento é de um estudo transversal em mães, pais e filhos em Temuco, Chile. Os participantes eram 303 casais com duas fontes de renda e seus filhos adolescentes (média de idade de 13,3 anos, sendo 51,5% do sexo feminino). Foram usados o Actor-partner Interdependence Model (APIM) e modelagem de equações estruturais para explorar as associações spillover (efeito de ator) e crossover (efeito de parceiro) entre membros da família. Nos resultados, a satisfação do pai com a vida relacionada à alimentação mostrou associação positiva com a satisfação em relação à própria vida (p ≤ 0,01), assim como, com a satisfação da parceira com a vida (a mãe, p ≤ 0,05), mas não com a satisfação do filho adolescente com a vida (p > 0,1). As mães e filhos mostraram desdobramentos positivos entre seus próprios níveis de satisfação com a vida relacionada à alimentação e a satisfação com a vida (p ≤ 0,01). Não foram encontrados efeitos crossovers entre as mães e os filhos (p > 0,1). Os achados do estudo sublinham a associação positiva entre a satisfação com a vida relacionada à alimentação e a satisfação com a vida em geral entre membros de famílias com duas fontes de renda e filhos adolescentes. Os casais com duas fontes de renda devem se esforçar para melhorar as variáveis relacionadas à sua própria satisfação e de seus filhos em relação à alimentação.

3.
Rev. latinoam. psicol ; 51(3): 199-209, sep.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1094047

RESUMO

Abstract This study explored the spillover and crossover associations between depression and satisfaction with life, food-related life, and family life in dual-earner families. Questionnaires were administered to 303 dual-earner couples with adolescent children in Temuco, Chile. Both members of the couple answered the Depression Subscale of the Depression Anxiety and Stress scale - 21, Satisfaction with Life scale, Satisfaction with Food-related Life scale, and the Satisfaction with Family Life scale. Using the actor-partner interdependence model and structural equation modeling, we found that a man's depression was negatively associated with his own levels of satisfaction with life, family life, and food-related life as well as with his partner's (the woman's) levels of satisfaction with life and family life. The woman's depression was negatively associated with her own levels of satisfaction with life, family life, and food-related life as well as with her partner's (the man's) satisfaction with family life, but not with his level of life satisfaction. No crossover effects were found between the two members of the couple's depression and their satisfaction with food-related life. These findings suggest that to enhance overall life satisfaction as well as satisfaction in the family and food domains in dual-earner families, interventions to reduce depression should include both partners.


Resumen Este estudio exploró las asociaciones "spillover" y "crossover" entre la depresión y la satisfacción con la vida, con la alimentación y con la vida familiar en familias con doble ingreso. Se administraron cuestionarios a 303 parejas con doble ingreso e hijos adolescentes en Temuco, Chile. Ambos miembros de las parejas respondieron la subescala de Depresión de la Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés - 21, Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida, Escala de Satisfacción con la Alimentación y la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida Familiar. Usando el modelo de interdependencia actor-compañero y ecuaciones estructurales, se encontró que la depresión en los hombres se asoció negativamente con sus propios niveles de satisfacción con la vida, con la vida familiar y con la alimentación, así como con los niveles satisfacción con la vida y la vida familiar de su pareja (la mujer). La depresión en mujeres se asoció negativamente con sus propios niveles de satisfacción con la vida, con la vida familiar y con la alimentación, así como con la satisfacción de su pareja (el hombre) con la vida familiar, pero no con su nivel de satisfacción con la vida. No se encontraron efectos cruzados entre la depresión los miembros de la pareja y su satisfacción con la alimentación. Estos hallazgos sugieren que para mejorar la satisfacción con la vida en general, así como la satisfacción en los dominios de la familia y la alimentación en familias doble ingreso, las intervenciones para reducir la depresión deben incluir a los dos miembros de la pareja.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30441763

RESUMO

This study explored the associations between family support and satisfaction with life, food-related life and family life. It also assessed the associations between both parents' work-life balance and satisfaction with life, food-related life and family life among adolescent children from dual-earner families. Questionnaires were administered to 303 dual-earner families with one child between 10 and 17 years in Temuco, Chile. Adolescents answered the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life scale (SWFoL), Satisfaction with Family Life scale (SWFaL) and the Family subscale of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Both parents answered the Work-life Balance (WLB) scale. Using structural equation modelling and having controlled for adolescents' gender, age and socioeconomic status, we confirmed that adolescent life satisfaction is associated with satisfaction with family life and food-related life. Food-related life satisfaction and family life satisfaction had complete mediating roles between perceived family support and adolescents' life satisfaction. Satisfaction with food-related life also had a complete mediating role between both parents' WLB and adolescents' life satisfaction. Satisfaction with family life had a complete mediating role between mothers' WLB and adolescents' life satisfaction. In addition, mothers' WLB was positively associated with perceived family support among adolescents. These findings suggest the need to improve family support and work-life balance among mothers in order to enhance adolescents' satisfaction with different domains of life in dual-earner families.


Assuntos
Relações Familiares , Alimentos , Pais/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Chile , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Classe Social , Apoio Social
5.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 15(1): 113, 2017 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28558803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nutrition is one of the major determinants of successful aging. The Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL) scale measures a person's overall assessment regarding their food and eating habits. The SWFL scale has been used in older adult samples across different countries in Europe, Asia and America, however, there are no studies that have evaluated the cross-cultural measurement invariance of the scale in older adult samples. Therefore, we evaluated the measurement invariance of the SWFL scale across older adults from Chile and Ecuador. METHODS: Stratified random sampling was used to recruit a sample of older adults of both genders from Chile (mean age = 71.38, SD = 6.48, range = 60-92) and from Ecuador (mean age = 73.70, SD = 7.45, range = 60-101). Participants reported their levels of satisfaction with food-related life by completing the SWFL scale, which consists of five items grouped into a single dimension. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to examine cross-cultural measurement invariance of the SWFL scale. RESULTS: Results showed that the SWFL scale exhibited partial measurement invariance, with invariance of all factor loadings, invariance in all but one item's threshold (item 1) and invariance in all items' uniqueness (residuals), which leads us to conclude that there is a reasonable level of partial measurement invariance for the CFA model of the SWFL scale, when comparing the Chilean and Ecuadorian older adult samples. The lack of invariance in item 1 confirms previous studies with adults and emerging adults in Chile that suggest this item is culture-sensitive. We recommend revising the wording of the first item of the SWFL in order to relate the statement with the person's life. CONCLUSIONS: The SWFL scale shows partial measurement invariance across older adults from Chile and Ecuador. A 4-item version of the scale (excluding item 1) provides the basis for international comparisons of satisfaction with food-related life in older adults from developing countries in South America.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Inquéritos Nutricionais/normas , Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Chile , Países em Desenvolvimento , Equador , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
Nutr Hosp ; 34(1): 65-72, 2017 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28244774

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To distinguish typologies of seniors according to their levels of satisfaction with life and food-related life, and to characterize them according to the importance assigned to family, health-related aspects, eating habits, nutritional status and sociodemographic characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A survey was administered to a non-probabilistic sample of 817 seniors aged 60 years and over, of both genders, resident in urban and rural zones of the province of Guayas, Ecuador. The instrument included: Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL), the Health-related Quality of Life Index (HRQOL-4) and the Family Importance Scale (FIS). Eating habits, sociodemographic variables, approximate weight and height were asked about. RESULTS: A cluster analysis was used to distinguish three typologies that differed significantly in the scores on the SWLS, SWFL, FIS, number of days with mental health problems, self-perception of health status, body mass index, eating habits and zone of residence. Two typologies presented high levels of satisfaction with life and food-related life, although the variables associated with overall well-being and in the food domain were different in each typology. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that high levels of satisfaction with life and food-related life in Ecuadorian seniors are associated with both healthful eating habits and having lunch in company, fewer mental health problems and greater importance assigned to family.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Alimentos , Alimentos , Satisfação Pessoal , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Equador/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Socioeconômicos
7.
Nutr. hosp ; 34(1): 65-72, ene.-feb. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-161143

RESUMO

Objective: To distinguish typologies of seniors according to their levels of satisfaction with life and food-related life, and to characterize them according to the importance assigned to family, health-related aspects, eating habits, nutritional status and sociodemographic characteristics. Material and methods: A survey was administered to a non-probabilistic sample of 817 seniors aged 60 years and over, of both genders, resident in urban and rural zones of the province of Guayas, Ecuador. The instrument included: Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL), the Health-related Quality of Life Index (HRQOL-4) and the Family Importance Scale (FIS). Eating habits, sociodemographic variables, approximate weight and height were asked about. Results: A cluster analysis was used to distinguish three typologies that differed significantly in the scores on the SWLS, SWFL, FIS, number of days with mental health problems, self-perception of health status, body mass index, eating habits and zone of residence. Two typologies presented high levels of satisfaction with life and food-related life, although the variables associated with overall well-being and in the food domain were different in each typology. Conclusions: The results suggest that high levels of satisfaction with life and food-related life in Ecuadorian seniors are associated with both healthful eating habits and having lunch in company, fewer mental health problems and greater importance assigned to family (AU)


Objetivo: distinguir tipologías de adultos mayores según sus niveles de satisfacción con la vida y con la alimentación, y caracterizarlas según la importancia asignada a la familia, aspectos relacionados a la salud, hábitos alimentarios, estado nutricional y características sociodemográficas. Material y métodos: se aplicó un cuestionario a una muestra no probabilística de 817 adultos mayores de 60 años o más, de ambos sexos, residentes en zonas urbanas y rurales de la provincia de Guayas, Ecuador. El instrumento incluyó: Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL), el Índice de Calidad de Vida Relativo a la Salud (ICVRS) y la Escala de Importancia de la Familia (FIS). Se consultaron hábitos alimentarios, variables sociodemográfi cas, peso y estatura aproximada. Resultados: mediante análisis clúster se distinguieron tres tipologías que difirieron significativamente en los puntajes de la SWLS, SWFL, FIS, número de días con problemas de salud mental, autopercepción del estado de salud, índice de masa corporal, hábitos alimentarios y zona de residencia. Dos tipologías presentaron altos niveles de satisfacción con la vida y con la alimentación, aunque las variables asociadas al bienestar general y en el dominio de la alimentación fueron diferentes en cada tipología. Conclusiones: los resultados sugieren que altos niveles de satisfacción con la vida y con la alimentación en adultos mayores ecuatorianos se asocian tanto con hábitos alimentarios saludables como con almorzar en compañía, menores problemas de salud mental y mayor importancia asignada a la familia (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Nutrição do Idoso , Comportamento Alimentar , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida , Amostragem por Conglomerados , Relações Familiares , Equador
8.
Cad Saude Publica ; 32(5): e00032215, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27192023

RESUMO

We studied the relationship between happiness and individual socio-demographic context and health and dietary variables by interviewing 389 elderly individuals (age 60-90 years) living in rural areas in the Maule Region of Central Chile. The Lyubomirsky & Lepper (1999) subjective happiness scale was used. Ordinal logistic regression models were estimated. The discrete dependent variable was level of happiness. The following variables were significantly associated with happiness: (1) individual socio-demographic variables like age and satisfaction with the economic situation; (2) health variables like independence in activities of daily living, common activities, and self-rated health; and (3) dietary variables such as life satisfaction related to food and the frequency with which the elders shared dinner with others. The study results suggest more efficient efforts at healthy eating for the elderly in rural areas.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Felicidade , Qualidade de Vida , População Rural , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Chile , Comportamento de Escolha , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 32(5): e00032215, 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-952272

RESUMO

Abstract: We studied the relationship between happiness and individual socio-demographic context and health and dietary variables by interviewing 389 elderly individuals (age 60-90 years) living in rural areas in the Maule Region of Central Chile. The Lyubomirsky & Lepper (1999) subjective happiness scale was used. Ordinal logistic regression models were estimated. The discrete dependent variable was level of happiness. The following variables were significantly associated with happiness: (1) individual socio-demographic variables like age and satisfaction with the economic situation; (2) health variables like independence in activities of daily living, common activities, and self-rated health; and (3) dietary variables such as life satisfaction related to food and the frequency with which the elders shared dinner with others. The study results suggest more efficient efforts at healthy eating for the elderly in rural areas.


Resumen: Investigamos la relación entre felicidad, el contexto sociodemográfico individual y las variables de salud y alimentación. Se entrevistaron a 389 ancianos con edades entre 60 y 90 años viviendo en áreas rurales, en la Región de Maule, Chile Central. Fue utilizada la escala de felicidad subjetiva de Lyubomirsky & Lepper (1999). Se estimaron modelos de regresión logística ordinal. La variable dependiente discreta es el nivel de felicidad. Descubrimos que las siguientes variables están significativamente relacionadas con la felicidad: (1) Variables sociodemográficas individuales tales como edad y satisfacción con la situación económica; (2) Variables de salud, tales como la independencia en las actividades de la vida diaria, actividades comunes y salud percibida; y (3) Variables en la alimentación como la satisfacción con la vida relacionada con las comidas y la frecuencia con la que los adultos mayores cenan con otras personas. Una importancia significante de este estudio sugiere que se hagan esfuerzos más eficientes en la salud para el consumo saludable de los ancianos que viven en áreas rurales.


Resumo: Nós investigamos a relação entre felicidade e contexto sociodemográfico individual e as variáveis de saúde e alimentação. Foram entrevistados 389 idosos com idades entre 60 e 90 anos, vivendo em áreas rurais, na Região de Maule, Chile Central. Foi utilizada a escala de felicidade subjetiva de Lyubomirsky & Lepper (1999). Foram estimados modelos de regressão logística ordinal. A variável dependente discreta é o nível de felicidade. Descobrimos que as seguintes variáveis são significativamente relacionadas com a felicidade: (1) variáveis sociodemográficas individuais, tais como idade e satisfação com a situação econômica; (2) variáveis de saúde, tais como a independência nas atividades da vida diária, atividades comuns e saúde percebida; e (3) variáveis na alimentação, como a satisfação com a vida relacionada com as comidas e a frequência com que os adultos maiores jantam com outras pessoas. Uma importância significante deste estudo é sugerir para que se façam esforços mais eficientes na saúde para o consumo saudável dos idosos que vivem em áreas rurais.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Qualidade de Vida , População Rural , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Felicidade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Atividades Cotidianas , Chile , Comportamento de Escolha , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise de Regressão , Renda , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Suma psicol ; 22(2): 120-128, jul.-dic. 2015. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-779705

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the factors determining the happiness in young and middleaged adults in Chile, including health and food-related factors, and their relationships between them. To achieve this objective, a survey was conducted on a total of 1163 people (from 20 to 65 years old), proportionally distributed in the cities over 100000 inhabitants in the central area of Chile. The main scales used were: Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS), Health Related Quality of Life Index (HRQoL), and Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL). In this study, the logistic ordinal regression models were estimated. The mainfinding was that people have more unhealthy days, poorer perception of their health, and are less satisfied with their food-related life, and are less happy in both age groups. Therefore, health-related factors and SWFL are strong predictors of happiness.


En este estudio se identifican los determinantes de la felicidad en adultos jóvenes y personas de edad media en Chile, incluyendo factores relacionados con la salud y la alimentación, y las conexiones entre ellos. Un total de 1163 personas fueron entrevistadas (entre 20 y 65 años de edad), distribuidas proporcionalmente por las ciudades de más de 100000 habitantes de la zona central de Chile. Las principales escalas utilizadas fueron: Escala de Felicidad Subjetiva, Calidad de Vida Relacionada con la Salud, y Satisfacción con la Vida Relacionada con los Alimentos. En este estudio se estimaron modelos de regresión logística ordinal. El principal hallazgo es que las personas con más días no saludables, más pobre percepción de su estado de salud, y menos satisfechas con su vida relacionada con los alimentos, son menos felices en ambos grupos de edad. Esto significa que los factores relacionados con la salud y la satisfacción con la vida relacionada con los alimentos son fuertes predictores de la felicidad.

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