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1.
Res. Biomed. Eng. (Online) ; 34(1): 54-64, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-896207

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction The term cracked tooth syndrome refers to an incomplete fracture of a vital posterior tooth that involves the dentin and occasionally extends into the pulp. There is a very limited number of publications trying to model dentin crack growth using numerical techniques. Therefore, it is essential to numerically model this phenomenon in order to improve the clinical procedures. Methods A 2D finite element model is proposed to simulate crack initiation and propagation in a restored premolar tooth. The geometric model was based on computed tomography data. A special finite element technique, named mesh fragmentation technique, is used to model and analyze the behavior of the tooth. This technique was used to model cracks in quasi-brittle materials based on the use of interface solid finite elements with high aspects ratio. A tension damage constitutive relation between stresses and strains consistent with the continuous strong discontinuity approach is used to describe crack formation and propagation. Results The main aspects of modeling technique and procedures are explained in detail as well as the whole results, including both elastic and fracture analyses of the restored tooth. Conclusion The results of the current fracture analysis show that, under various loading conditions, there is no crack initiation in the restored tooth under typical loading magnitude. However, in the case of tooth with a pre-existing crack, which can be aroused during the restoration process, a crack propagation was observed, while they did not reach a critical fracture state.

2.
Rev. CEFAC ; 19(1): 82-89, jan.-fev. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-842583

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a força axial da língua e parâmetros relacionados por meio do FORLING. Método: foram analisados os dados de 92 participantes, entre homens e mulheres, com média de 23,3±7,7 anos. Resultados: no parâmetro força média da língua, identificaram-se valores médios de 13,0 N, já para a força máxima observou-se valor médio de 18,3 N. A força média e a máxima da língua apresentaram correlação positiva e associação altamente significante (p<0,001). A energia acumulada pela língua indicou valores de 131,1 N/s. O tempo médio gasto para que se alcance a força máxima da língua foi de 3,8 segundos, indicando um efeito do treinamento ao se comparar a 1ª à 3ª medida, com redução dos valores (p<0,001). Conclusão: o instrumento demonstrou ser capaz de mensurar parâmetros importantes para o fonoaudiólogo, indicando ser uma promissora ferramenta complementar à avaliação clínica fonoaudiológica.


ABSTRACT Purpose: to analyze axial tongue strength and related parameters by using the Forling. Methods: data regarding 92 participants, including men and women with a mean age of 23.3 ± 7.7 years, were analyzed. Results: the mean value of the mean tongue strength was 13.0 N, and the maximum strength value was 18.3 N. The mean and maximum tongue strengths showed positive correlation and highly significant association (p < 0.001). The energy accumulated by the tongue was 131.1 N/s. The mean time required for the maximum tongue strength to be reached was 3.8 s, and the decrease in time (p < 0.001) from the first to the third measurements indicates an effect of training. Conclusion: the instrument proved to be capable of measuring parameters that are important to the speech-language pathologist, indicating that it can be a promising complementary tool for clinical evaluation.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26047162

RESUMO

The objective of this work was to propose an automated and direct process to grade tooth wear intra-orally. Eight extracted teeth were etched with acid for different times to produce wear and scanned with an intra-oral optical scanner. Computer vision algorithms were used for alignment and comparison among models. Wear volume was estimated and visual scoring was achieved to determine reliability. Results demonstrated that it is possible to directly detect submillimeter differences in teeth surfaces with an automated method with results similar to those obtained by direct visual inspection. The investigated method proved to be reliable for comparison of measurements over time.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Desgaste dos Dentes , Algoritmos , Calibragem , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Dente
4.
Res. Biomed. Eng. (Online) ; 31(4): 319-327, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-829453

RESUMO

Introduction : This study aims to evaluate the influence of the biomechanical behavior of the midpalatal suture (MPS) during the rapid maxillary expansion (RME) when modeled by the Finite Element Method. Methods Four simulation alternatives are discussed and, for each analysis, the suture is considered as a functional unit with a different mechanical behavior: (i) without MPS elements, (ii) MPS with Young's modulus (E) equal to 1 MPa, (ii) MPS with E equal to 0.01 MPa and (iv) MPS with bilinear elastic behavior. Results The stress analysis showed that, when MPS is not considered in the model, stress peaks are reduced in magnitude and their distribution is restricted to a smaller area when compared to the model with the inclusion of MPS (E=1 MPa). The increased suture stiffness also has a direct influence on MPS displacements after 30 expander activations. Conclusion The consideration of the MPS in RME computer models influences greatly the calculated displacements between the suture bone ends, even as the stress levels in maxillary structures. Furthermore, as proposed for the described model, the elastic bilinear behavior assigned to MPS allows coherent prediction of stresses and displacements results, being a good representation for this suture overall behavior.

5.
Rev. bras. eng. biomed ; 30(3): 281-288, Sept. 2014. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-723266

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This paper aims to describe a model to simulate otosclerosis using a mass-spring model and to correlate the results with the clinical and audiological data on the disease. METHODS: A mass-spring model was used to represent the behavior of the auditory system simulating otosclerosis. The model consisted of six masses (air volume in the external auditory canal; tympanic membrane; malleus; incus; stapes, and cochlear fluid), springs and dashpots simulating the supporting ligaments and muscles. The parameters to simulate the disease were obtained from the literature; stapedial annular ligament stiffness was increased by 10-fold and to 100-fold and stapes mass increased by 5-fold. RESULTS: There was a decrease in stapes displacement in the lower frequencies when the stiffness of the stapedial annular ligament was increased. It was also found a reduction in stapes displacement in the higher frequencies with increased stapes mass. CONCLUSION:The increased stiffness of the stapedial annular ligament can be an indication of early stage disease, whereas increased bone growth suggests disease progression. The results of the simulation are in agreement with the clinical and audiological disease and support the need for further study of the stapedial annular ligament to find ways to evaluate its functioning and thus enable early detection of hearing losses caused by changes in that structure.

6.
Rev. CEFAC ; 14(6): 1215-1225, out.-dez. 2012. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-660974

RESUMO

Por muitos anos, pesquisadores têm procurado métodos para quantificar a força da língua e muitos instrumentos foram construídos para este fim. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar uma revisão crítica da literatura sobre instrumentos para quantificar a força de língua. Os 30 aparelhos encontrados foram agrupados em quatro diferentes categorias: bocal contendo sensores (n=9), sensores fixados nos dentes, palato ou em placas palatais (n=8), bulbos preenchidos com fluidos e conectados a sensores de pressão (n=7) e outras tecnologias (n=8). Esses instrumentos podem, potencialmente, auxiliar o fonoaudiólogo na avaliação miofuncional orofacial, fazendo com que o diagnóstico de força da língua seja mais preciso. Alguns aparelhos apresentam desvantagens, tais como não serem sensíveis a pequenas mudanças de força, dificuldades na reprodutibilidade do posicionamento e outros pontos específicos. A grande variação de valores de força/pressão máxima e média encontrados relaciona-se à grande diversidade dos métodos, que empregam diferentes tecnologias.


For several years, researchers have been looking for methods to quantify tongue force and a lot of devices were constructed for this purpose. The purpose of this study is to present a critical literature review about the devices to quantify tongue strength. Thirty devices were found. They were grouped into four different categories: mouthpiece containing sensors (n=9), sensors attached on teeth surface or on palatal plates (n=8), bulbs filled with some fluid and connected to a pressure sensor (n=7) and other technologies (n=8). These methods can, potentially, help speech-language pathologists in the orofacial myology evaluation, making the diagnosis of tongue force more reliable. Some of them present disadvantages such as not being sensitive enough to small changes in force, difficulties in positioning reproducibility and other specific points. The large variation in maximum and average strength/pressure values are related to the large diversity of the methods, which use different technologies.

7.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 20(1): 64-9, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22437680

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The occlusal patterns are key requirements for the clinical success of oral rehabilitation supported by implants. This study compared the stresses generated by the disocclusion in the canine guide occlusion (CGO) and bilateral balanced occlusion (BBO) on the implants and metallic infrastructure of a complete Brånemark protocol-type denture modified with the inclusion of one posterior short implant on each side. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A three-dimensional model simulated a mandible with seven titanium implants as pillars, five of them installed between the mental foramen and the two posterior implants, located at the midpoint of the occlusal surface of the first molar. A load of 15 N with an angle of 45° was applied to a tooth or distributed across three teeth to simulate the CGO or BBO, respectively. The commercial program ABAQUS® was used for the model development, before and after the processing of the data. The results were based on a linear static analysis and were used to compare the magnitude of the equivalent stress for each of the simulations. RESULTS: The results showed that the disocclusion in CGO generated higher stresses concentrated on the working side in the region of the short implant. In BBO, the stresses were less intense and more evenly distributed on the prosthesis. The maximum stress found in the simulation of the disocclusion in CGO was two times higher than that found in the simulation of the BBO. The point of maximum stress was located in the neck of the short implant on the working side. CONCLUSIONS: Under the conditions of this study, it was concluded that the BBO pattern was more suitable than CGO for the lower complete denture supported by implants without free distal ends.


Assuntos
Oclusão Dentária Balanceada/normas , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Prótese Total Inferior , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Simulação por Computador , Implantes Dentários , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Modelos Biológicos , Estresse Mecânico , Titânio/química
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 20(1): 64-69, Jan.-Feb. 2012. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-618155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The occlusal patterns are key requirements for the clinical success of oral rehabilitation supported by implants. This study compared the stresses generated by the disocclusion in the canine guide occlusion (CGO) and bilateral balanced occlusion (BBO) on the implants and metallic infrastructure of a complete Brånemark protocol-type denture modified with the inclusion of one posterior short implant on each side. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A three-dimensional model simulated a mandible with seven titanium implants as pillars, five of them installed between the mental foramen and the two posterior implants, located at the midpoint of the occlusal surface of the first molar. A load of 15 N with an angle of 45° was applied to a tooth or distributed across three teeth to simulate the CGO or BBO, respectively. The commercial program ABAQUS® was used for the model development, before and after the processing of the data. The results were based on a linear static analysis and were used to compare the magnitude of the equivalent stress for each of the simulations. RESULTS: The results showed that the disocclusion in CGO generated higher stresses concentrated on the working side in the region of the short implant. In BBO, the stresses were less intense and more evenly distributed on the prosthesis. The maximum stress found in the simulation of the disocclusion in CGO was two times higher than that found in the simulation of the BBO. The point of maximum stress was located in the neck of the short implant on the working side. CONCLUSIONS: Under the conditions of this study, it was concluded that the BBO pattern was more suitable than CGO for the lower complete denture supported by implants without free distal ends.


Assuntos
Humanos , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Prótese Total Inferior , Oclusão Dentária Balanceada/normas , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Simulação por Computador , Implantes Dentários , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Modelos Biológicos , Estresse Mecânico , Titânio/química
9.
J Soc Bras Fonoaudiol ; 24(4): 381-5, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23306690

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the influence of weight, height and body mass index in the axial tongue force. METHODS: Medical records with data from 44 subjects aged between 20 and 37 years, 11 (25%) males and 33 (75%) female, were analyzed. The investigated information were weight, height, result of clinical evaluation for tongue force (lingual tonus) and instrumental assessment of axial tongue force, which was accomplished by using the FORLING. Data was statistically analyzed. RESULTS: No differences were observed between the force values regarding the variables body mass index classification and clinical classification of tongue force. Body mass index and weight had positive correlation with mean tongue force. There was a strong positive correlation between the variables mean force, maximum force and highest maximum force. CONCLUSION: Although body mass index and weight correlated positively with the mean axial tongue force, there was no association between body mass index classification and the axial tongue forces.


Assuntos
Estatura , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Língua/fisiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
10.
J. Soc. Bras. Fonoaudiol ; 24(4): 381-385, 2012. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-660597

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Analisar a influência de peso, altura e índice de massa corporal na força axial da língua. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados os prontuários referentes a 44 indivíduos com idade entre 20 e 37 anos, sendo 11 (25%) homens e 33 (75%) mulheres. Foram pesquisadas as informações referentes a peso, altura, resultado da avaliação clínica da língua (tônus lingual) e resultado da avaliação instrumental da força axial da língua, sendo esta última realizada por meio do FORLING. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente. RESULTADOS: Não foram observadas diferenças entre os valores de força em relação às variáveis de classificação do índice de massa corporal e avaliação clínica da língua. O índice de massa corporal e o peso apresentaram correlação positiva com a força média da língua. Verificou-se, ainda, correlação positiva forte entre as variáveis de força média, força máxima e maior força máxima da língua. CONCLUSÃO: Embora o índice de massa corporal e o peso se correlacionem de forma positiva com a força média axial da língua, não há associação entre a classificação do índice de massa corporal e as forças axiais da língua.


PURPOSE: To analyze the influence of weight, height and body mass index in the axial tongue force. METHODS: Medical records with data from 44 subjects aged between 20 and 37 years, 11 (25%) males and 33 (75%) female, were analyzed. The investigated information were weight, height, result of clinical evaluation for tongue force (lingual tonus) and instrumental assessment of axial tongue force, which was accomplished by using the FORLING. Data was statistically analyzed. RESULTS: No differences were observed between the force values regarding the variables body mass index classification and clinical classification of tongue force. Body mass index and weight had positive correlation with mean tongue force. There was a strong positive correlation between the variables mean force, maximum force and highest maximum force. CONCLUSION: Although body mass index and weight correlated positively with the mean axial tongue force, there was no association between body mass index classification and the axial tongue forces.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Estatura , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Língua/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais
11.
Ciênc. rural ; 41(2): 301-306, fev. 2011. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-578635

RESUMO

O desenvolvimento de novos aparatos usando materiais disponíveis e de baixo custo pode ser uma alternativa viável para o tratamento cirúrgico de fraturas em ossos longos de bovinos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a resistência mecânica de fêmures de bovinos jovens com fratura diafiseal, imobilizados com hastes intramedulares bloqueadas, compostas por diferentes polímeros. Para tanto, testes físicos de compressão e flexão, por meio de uma máquina universal de ensaios foram realizados em quatro grupos distintos de seis fêmures obtidos de bovinos jovens. Em um dos grupos, os ossos foram mantidos íntegros (grupo controle), enquanto que os outros os ossos, foram fraturados e imobilizados com uma haste intramedular bloqueada, composta por polipropileno, poliacetal ou poliamida (uma para cada grupo). Independente do polímero utilizado, nenhuma das hastes estudadas ofereceu aos fêmures fraturados resistência comparável ao osso íntegro, quando consideradas em conjunto as forças de flexão e compressão. A concordância desses achados com resultados in vivo previamente publicados, demonstra que a metodologia utilizada para testes ex vivo pode ser útil na seleção de materiais mais resistentes para confecção de novos modelos.


The development of new devices using available and low cost materials may be an useful alternative for the treatment of long bone fractures in large animals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical strength of young bovine femur with diaphyseal fracture fixed with different polymeric intramedullary nails. Bending and compression tests using a universal machine were carried out in 4 distinct groups of 6 femurs from young calves. In one of the groups bones were intact while in the other three fractured bones were fixed using an intramedullary nail made of polypropylene, polyacetal or polyamide (one for each group). Considering bending and compression tests together, none of the used polymers offered strength to the fractured bones similar to the intact ones. The agreement of this findings with those from previous published in vivo results indicates that the employed ex vivo methods for mechanical assays may be useful in the search of stronger materials to be used in development of new devices.

12.
Ciênc. rural ; 40(4): 907-912, Apr. 2010. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-547498

RESUMO

Apesar da expressiva evolução da ortopedia veterinária nos últimos anos, as fraturas de ossos longos em grandes animais são constante desafio para o médico-veterinário. O presente estudo é parte da proposta de desenvolvimento de um sistema de haste intramedular polimérica, de baixo custo e fácil aplicação, para uso em bovinos jovens e neonatos. Os objetivos foram avaliar, in vivo, hastes de poliacetal e poliamida para imobilização de fraturas femorais em bovinos jovens. Cinco bezerros machos foram submetidos à anestesia geral e tiveram os fêmures esquerdos fraturados e, em seguida, imobilizados, utilizando-se uma haste cilíndrica de poliacetal ou poliamida inserida no canal intramedular e bloqueada por quatro parafusos corticais de aço inoxidável, inseridos na diáfise em seu sentido lateral-medial e igualmente distribuídos distal e proximal à linha de fratura. Durante um período de 60 dias pós-cirúrgico, os animais foram avaliados por meio de exames clínicos e radiográficos. Houve fratura em quatro das cinco hastes de poliacetal implantadas pela primeira vez e em duas das quatro hastes de poliamida que foram implantadas após a quebra das de poliacetal. Todas as falhas ocorrerem nas primeiras duas semanas de imobilização. Não foram verificados quaisquer sinais de rejeição aos materiais usados. Os resultados demonstram que as hastes de poliacetal e poliamida não apresentaram resistência suficiente para, de acordo com o modelo proposto, promover imobilização precoce de fraturas de fêmur em bovinos jovens.


In spite of the expressive development of veterinary orthopedics in the last years, long bone fractures in large animals remains a challenge for veterinary surgeons. This study is part of a proposal for development of a low-cost and easy-to-use polymeric interlocking nail designed to be used in newborns and young cattle. The objectives were to evaluate, in vivo, polyacetal and polyamide nails for immobilization of femoral fractures in calves. Five calves were submitted to general anesthesia and the left femur was fractured and then fixed using polyacetal or polyamide rods (nails) interlocked with four cortical screws (stainless steel) equally applied to the distal and proximal fracture line. In the postoperative period, calves were clinically assessed during 60 days by clinical and radiographic exams. Fractures occurred in four of the five polyacetal nails implanted in the first time and in two of the four polyamide nails implanted after the polyacetal nail failures. All failures occurred in the first 14 days after implantation. No rejection signs against the polymers were observed. In conclusion, polyacetal and polyamide did not have enough resistance to be used as intramedullary interlocking nails in this system designed to promote early femoral fractures immobilization in young calves.

13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Fonoaudiol ; 12(3): 184-190, jul.-set. 2007. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-466685

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Quantificar e comparar as forças produzidas pela língua de crianças respiradoras orais pré-cirúrgicas, respiradoras orais em tratamento fonoaudiológico e respiradoras nasais, além de comparar os achados da avaliação objetiva com os dados da avaliação clínica. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 15 crianças, de ambos os gêneros, com idades entre oito e 12 anos, sendo cinco respiradoras orais pré-cirúrgicas (Grupo 1), cinco respiradoras orais em tratamento fonoaudiológico (Grupo 2) e cinco respiradoras nasais (Grupo 3). Foi realizada uma avaliação clínica das características linguais das crianças e, em seguida, uma avaliação objetiva da força axial da língua por meio de equipamento desenvolvido na Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Os resultados foram analisados de forma descritiva por meio das medidas de tendência central e dispersão. RESULTADOS: A média dos valores das forças médias encontrada nos Grupos 1, 2 e 3, respectivamente, foi de 5,6, 6,0 e 7,3N. Já a média dos valores de força máxima foi de 8,2, 9,2 e 10,4N. Obtiveram os maiores valores de força média (7,0N) e máxima (10,3N) os indivíduos que apresentaram tensão adequada de língua na avaliação clínica e os valores mais baixos (3,5N e 2,0N) aqueles cuja avaliação subjetiva indicou hipotensão lingual. A análise estatística indicou dados heterogêneos nos Grupos 1 e 2, tendendo a homogêneos no Grupo 1. CONCLUSÕES: A média das forças foi maior nos indivíduos respiradores nasais, seguidos pelos respiradores orais em tratamento fonoaudiológico e, por fim, os respiradores orais pré-cirúrgicos. Houve concordância entre os resultados das avaliações objetiva e clínica.


PURPOSE: To quantify and to compare the forces produced by the tongues of pre-surgical mouth-breathing children, oral-breathing children enrolled in therapy and nasal-breathing children, and also to compare the findings of objective and clinical evaluations. METHODS: Transversal study with 15 children of both genders with ages between eight and 12 years: five pre-surgical mouth breathers (Group 1), five mouth breathers enrolled in speech therapy (Group 2) and five nasal-breathing children (Group 3). A clinical assessment of each child's tongue characteristics was carried out, followed by the objective evaluation of the axial centre line force of the tongue using the instrument created at Federal University of Minas Gerais. The results were descriptively analyzed using measures of central tendency and dispersion. RESULTS: The average of the force values found in Groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively, were 5.6, 6.0 and 7.3N. The average values of maximum force were 8.2, 9.2 and 10.4N. The individuals with adequate tongue tension in the clinical evaluation were the ones with highest values of average (7.0N) and maximum force (10.3N). The lowest values (3.5N and 2.0N) were obtained by the subjects whose subjective evaluation showed hypotension of the tongue. Statistical analysis indicated heterogeneous data in Groups 1 and 2, tending towards homogeneous in Group 1. CONCLUSION The average of the forces was higher for nasal breathers, followed by mouth breathers undergoing speech therapy and, finally, pre-surgical oral-breathing children. There was agreement between the results of objective and clinical evaluations.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Língua/fisiologia , Respiração Bucal , Sistema Estomatognático
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 15(1): 70-76, Jan.-Feb. 2007. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-450014

RESUMO

Oral forces applied to human teeth during biting and mastication are normally described in the literature only in terms of their axial components. The purpose of this study was to fully determine the spatial characteristics of the oral resultant force - its normal and tangential components - for a given individual. A load cell was especially manufactured to measure oral force and was temporarily implanted as a prosthetic device in the dental arch of a volunteer, replacing his missing upper first molar. The mastication and occlusion tests were carried out in such a way the cell should withstand the loads applied to the molar, and its state of strain was recorded by strain gauges attached to it. Based on the results of these tests and using balance equations, normal and tangential components of the resultant oral force were determined. For direct occlusion, without interposition any obstacle between cusps, a peak normal force of 135 N was recorded simultaneously to a tangential force of 44 N. For mastication of biscuits, a peak normal force of 133 N and a tangential force of 39 N were obtained.

15.
Arq. odontol ; 36(1/2): 101-113, 2000. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-500974

RESUMO

O aumento do número de lesões cervicais não cariosas requer um maior conhecimento da etiologia deste processo. Mecanismos acídicos e abrasivos têm sido documentados como fatores causais, mas o papel da tensão mecânica advinda de cargas oclusais ainda é controverso e pouco estudado. Com o objetivo de compreender o comportamento mecânico do dente, determinar a influência da carga oclusal na determinação do fenômeno de abfração e discutir diversos aspectos relativos à correta modelagem numérica, desenvolveu-se uma análise paramétrica através do método dos elementos finitos, bidimensional, do primeiro pré-molar superior, de maneira a identificar os campos de tensão e deformação, considerando diversos tipos de carregamentos correspondendo a forças funcionais e parafuncionais...


Assuntos
Dente/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dentina/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Esmalte Dentário/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oclusão Dentária
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