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Nat Immunol ; 19(9): 973-985, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30127434


Human inborn errors of IFN-γ immunity underlie mycobacterial diseases. We describe patients with Mycobacterium bovis (BCG) disease who are homozygous for loss-of-function mutations of SPPL2A. This gene encodes a transmembrane protease that degrades the N-terminal fragment (NTF) of CD74 (HLA invariant chain) in antigen-presenting cells. The CD74 NTF therefore accumulates in the HLA class II+ myeloid and lymphoid cells of SPPL2a-deficient patients. This toxic fragment selectively depletes IL-12- and IL-23-producing CD1c+ conventional dendritic cells (cDC2s) and their circulating progenitors. Moreover, SPPL2a-deficient memory TH1* cells selectively fail to produce IFN-γ when stimulated with mycobacterial antigens in vitro. Finally, Sppl2a-/- mice lack cDC2s, have CD4+ T cells that produce small amounts of IFN-γ after BCG infection, and are highly susceptible to infection with BCG or Mycobacterium tuberculosis. These findings suggest that inherited SPPL2a deficiency in humans underlies mycobacterial disease by decreasing the numbers of cDC2s and impairing IFN-γ production by mycobacterium-specific memory TH1* cells.

Cell ; 168(5): 789-800.e10, 2017 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28235196


The molecular basis of the incomplete penetrance of monogenic disorders is unclear. We describe here eight related individuals with autosomal recessive TIRAP deficiency. Life-threatening staphylococcal disease occurred during childhood in the proband, but not in the other seven homozygotes. Responses to all Toll-like receptor 1/2 (TLR1/2), TLR2/6, and TLR4 agonists were impaired in the fibroblasts and leukocytes of all TIRAP-deficient individuals. However, the whole-blood response to the TLR2/6 agonist staphylococcal lipoteichoic acid (LTA) was abolished only in the index case individual, the only family member lacking LTA-specific antibodies (Abs). This defective response was reversed in the patient, but not in interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK-4)-deficient individuals, by anti-LTA monoclonal antibody (mAb). Anti-LTA mAb also rescued the macrophage response in mice lacking TIRAP, but not TLR2 or MyD88. Thus, acquired anti-LTA Abs rescue TLR2-dependent immunity to staphylococcal LTA in individuals with inherited TIRAP deficiency, accounting for incomplete penetrance. Combined TIRAP and anti-LTA Ab deficiencies underlie staphylococcal disease in this patient.

Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/deficiência , Receptores de Interleucina-1/deficiência , Infecções Estafilocócicas/genética , Infecções Estafilocócicas/imunologia , Ácidos Teicoicos/metabolismo , Imunidade Adaptativa , Criança , Feminino , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Masculino , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/análise , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Monócitos/metabolismo , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Linhagem , Fagócitos/metabolismo , Mutação Puntual , Isoformas de Proteínas/análise , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-1/análise , Receptores de Interleucina-1/genética , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Ácidos Teicoicos/imunologia , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Receptores Toll-Like/agonistas , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo