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1.
Lancet ; 394(10207): 1415-1424, 2019 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Remote ischaemic conditioning with transient ischaemia and reperfusion applied to the arm has been shown to reduce myocardial infarct size in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). We investigated whether remote ischaemic conditioning could reduce the incidence of cardiac death and hospitalisation for heart failure at 12 months. METHODS: We did an international investigator-initiated, prospective, single-blind, randomised controlled trial (CONDI-2/ERIC-PPCI) at 33 centres across the UK, Denmark, Spain, and Serbia. Patients (age >18 years) with suspected STEMI and who were eligible for PPCI were randomly allocated (1:1, stratified by centre with a permuted block method) to receive standard treatment (including a sham simulated remote ischaemic conditioning intervention at UK sites only) or remote ischaemic conditioning treatment (intermittent ischaemia and reperfusion applied to the arm through four cycles of 5-min inflation and 5-min deflation of an automated cuff device) before PPCI. Investigators responsible for data collection and outcome assessment were masked to treatment allocation. The primary combined endpoint was cardiac death or hospitalisation for heart failure at 12 months in the intention-to-treat population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02342522) and is completed. FINDINGS: Between Nov 6, 2013, and March 31, 2018, 5401 patients were randomly allocated to either the control group (n=2701) or the remote ischaemic conditioning group (n=2700). After exclusion of patients upon hospital arrival or loss to follow-up, 2569 patients in the control group and 2546 in the intervention group were included in the intention-to-treat analysis. At 12 months post-PPCI, the Kaplan-Meier-estimated frequencies of cardiac death or hospitalisation for heart failure (the primary endpoint) were 220 (8·6%) patients in the control group and 239 (9·4%) in the remote ischaemic conditioning group (hazard ratio 1·10 [95% CI 0·91-1·32], p=0·32 for intervention versus control). No important unexpected adverse events or side effects of remote ischaemic conditioning were observed. INTERPRETATION: Remote ischaemic conditioning does not improve clinical outcomes (cardiac death or hospitalisation for heart failure) at 12 months in patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI. FUNDING: British Heart Foundation, University College London Hospitals/University College London Biomedical Research Centre, Danish Innovation Foundation, Novo Nordisk Foundation, TrygFonden.


Assuntos
Precondicionamento Isquêmico Miocárdico/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido
2.
Heart ; 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Third Danish Study of Optimal Acute Treatment of Patients with ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction - Ischaemic Postconditioning (DANAMI-3-iPOST) did not show improved clinical outcome in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with ischaemic postconditioning. However, the use of thrombectomy was frequent and thrombectomy may in itself diminish the effect of ischaemic postconditioning. We evaluated the effect of ischaemic postconditioning in patients included in DANAMI-3-iPOST stratified by the use of thrombectomy. METHODS: Patients with STEMI were randomised to conventional primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or ischaemic postconditioning plus primary PCI. The primary endpoint was a combination of all-cause mortality and hospitalisation for heart failure. RESULTS: From March 2011 until February 2014, 1234 patients were included with a median follow-up period of 35 (interquartile range 28 to 42) months. There was a significant interaction between ischaemic postconditioning and thrombectomy on the primary endpoint (p=0.004). In patients not treated with thrombectomy (n=520), the primary endpoint occurred in 33 patients (10%) who underwent ischaemic postconditioning (n=326) and in 35 patients (18%) who underwent conventional treatment (n=194) (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.55 (95%confidence interval (CI) 0.34 to 0.89), p=0.016). In patients treated with thrombectomy (n=714), there was no significant difference between patients treated with ischaemic postconditioning (n=291) and conventional PCI (n=423) on the primary endpoint (adjusted HR 1.18 (95% CI 0.62 to 2.28), p=0.62). CONCLUSIONS: In this post-hoc study of DANAMI-3-iPOST, ischaemic postconditioning, in addition to primary PCI, was associated with reduced risk of all-cause mortality and hospitalisation for heart failure in patients with STEMI not treated with thrombectomy. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01435408.

3.
EuroIntervention ; 15(1): 90-98, 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105066

RESUMO

The European Bifurcation Club recommends an approach to a bifurcation stenosis which involves careful assessment, planning and a sequential provisional approach. In the minority of lesions where two stents are required, careful deployment and optimal expansion are essential to achieve a long-term result.


Assuntos
Estenose Coronária , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Consenso , Angiografia Coronária , Humanos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Am Heart J ; 213: 1-7, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31055192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with increased bleeding risk during dual antiplatelet therapy, the biolimus A9-coated BioFreedom, a stainless steel drug-coated stent devoid of polymer, has shown superiority compared to a bare-metal stent. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the polymer-free biolimus A9-coated BioFreedom is noninferior to a modern thin-strut biodegradable polymer cobalt-chromium sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent in an all-comers patient population treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: The multicenter SORT OUT IX trial (NCT02623140) randomly assigned all-comers patients to treatment with the BioFreedom drug-coated stent or the biodegradable polymer Orsiro stent in 4 Danish University Hospitals. The primary end point target lesion failure is a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (not related to other than index lesion), or target lesion revascularization within 12 months. Clinically driven event detection based on Danish registries will be used and continue through 5 years. Assuming an event rate of 4.2% in each stent group, 1,563 patients in each treatment arm will provide 90% power to detect noninferiority of the drug-coated BioFreedom stent with a noninferiority margin of 2.1%. RESULTS: A total of 3,150 patients have been randomized and enrolled in the study. CONCLUSIONS: The SORT OUT IX trial will determine whether the drug-coated BioFreedom stent is noninferior to a modern biodegradable polymer Orsiro stent.

5.
Int J Cardiol ; 289: 1-5, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31078351

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess the impact of sampling bias due to reported as well as unreported exclusion of the target population in a multi-center randomized controlled trial (RCT) of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared clinical characteristics and mortality between participants in the DANAMI-3 trial to contemporary non-participants with STEMI using unselected registries. A total of 179 DANAMI-3 participants (8%) and 617 contemporary non-participants (22%) had died (Log-Rank: P < 0.001) after a median follow-up of 1333 days (range: 1-2021 days). In an unadjusted Cox regression model all groups of non-participants had a higher hazard ratio to predict mortality compared to participants: eligible excluded (n = 144) (hazard ratio: 3.41 (95% CI: (2.69-4.32)), ineligible excluded (n = 472) (hazard ratio: 3.42 (95% CI: (2.44-4.80), eligible non-screened (n = 154) (hazard ratio: 3.37 (95% CI: (2.36-4.82)), ineligible non-screened (n = 154) (hazard ratio: 6.48 (95% CI: (4.77-8.80). CONCLUSION: Sampling bias had occurred due to both reported and unreported exclusion of eligible patients and the difference in mortality between participants and non-participants could not be explained only by the trial exclusion criteria. Thus, screening logs may not be suited to address the risks of sampling bias.

6.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(7): 624-633, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30947936

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the thin-strut biodegradable-polymer everolimus-eluting platinum-chromium stent (EES) with the biodegradable-polymer biolimus-eluting stainless-steel stent (BES). BACKGROUND: Currently available drug-eluting coronary stents have been refined to reduce the risk for coronary events following implantation. METHODS: This randomized, multicenter, all-comers, noninferiority trial was undertaken at 3 sites in western Denmark. Patients with clinical indications for percutaneous coronary intervention were eligible for inclusion. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to either EES or BES. The primary endpoint, target lesion failure, was a composite of safety (cardiac death and myocardial infarction not clearly attributable to a nontarget lesion) and efficacy (target lesion revascularization) at 12 months, analyzed using intention-to-treat principles. The trial was powered to assess target lesion failure noninferiority of the EES compared with the BES with a predetermined noninferiority margin of 3%. RESULTS: A total of 1,385 patients were assigned to treatment with EES and 1,369 patients to treatment with BES. The analysis showed that 55 patients (4.0%) assigned to the EES and 60 (4.4%) assigned to the BES met the primary endpoint (absolute risk difference 0.4%; upper limit of 1-sided 95% confidence interval: 1.7%; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: At 1-year follow-up, the EES was found to be noninferior to the BES with respect to target lesion failure. (Everolimus-eluting SYNERGY Stent Versus Biolimus-Eluting Biomatrix NeoFlex Stent-SORT-OUT VIII; NCT02093845).

7.
Resuscitation ; 2018 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30385384

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest is highly associated with bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The quality of bystander CPR is influenced by citizens attending Basic Life Support (BLS) courses and the quality of these courses. The purpose of the study was to investigate content, quality and compliance with the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) guidelines in national Danish BLS courses and the skill retention. METHOD: Books from 16 different course providers were analyzed for compliance with guidelines using the principle of mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive questioning. Observation of 56 BLS courses were conducted using an evaluation sheet, with a five-point Likert scale including theoretical, technical, and non-technical skills. BLS skills of participants were assessed with a follow-up test 4-6 months after a course using a modified Cardiff Test. RESULTS: Analysis of the books, showed compliance with ERC guidelines of 69% on the examined items. Courses using ERC educational structure and having maximum six participants per instructor were associated with high quality in the course observations and a better follow-up test. Especially, the use of automated external defibrillator showed significant odds ratio (OR) of 21.8 (95% CI 4.1-114.7) to 31.3 (95% CI 3.7- 265.1) of achieving high quality on courses with similar results in the follow-up test. CONCLUSION: National BLS courses had significant variation in the content of books, and compliance to ERC guidelines during courses and in skills retention 4-6 months after the courses. This study can be used to further improve and standardize BLS courses.

8.
EuroIntervention ; 2018 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30479307

RESUMO

Coronary artery bifurcation lesions comprise approximately 15-20% of all PCI and constitute a complex lesion subgroup. Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising adjunctive tool for guiding coronary bifurcation with its unrivalled high resolution. Compared to angiography, intravascular OCT has a clear advantage to depict ostial lesion(s) in bifurcation without misleading 2-dimensional appearance of the conventional angiography such as overlap and foreshortening. In addition, OCT has the ability of reconstructing a bifurcation in three dimension and assessing the side branch ostium from 3D reconstruction of main vessel pullback, which can be applied to ensure the optimal recrossing position of the wire after main vessel stenting. Recently, on-line co-registration of OCT and angiography became widely available and helps the operator to position a stent in precise landing zones reducing the risk of geographic miss. Despite these technological advancements, the currently available clinical data are mainly based on observational studies with a small number of patients and there are few evidence from randomized trials. The joint working group of the European and the Japanese Bifurcation Club reviewed all the available literatures regarding OCT use in bifurcation lesions and provides recommendation on OCT guiding of coronary intervention in bifurcation lesions.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30353444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Morphine adversely impacts the action of oral adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-receptor blockers in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, and is possibly associated with differing patient characteristics. This retrospective analysis investigated whether interaction between morphine use and pre-percutaneous coronary intervention (pre-PCI) ST-segment elevation resolution in STEMI patients in the ATLANTIC study was associated with differences in patient characteristics and management. METHODS: ATLANTIC was an international, multicenter, randomized study of treatment in the acute ambulance/hospital setting where STEMI patients received ticagrelor 180 mg ± morphine. Patient characteristics, cardiovascular history, risk factors, management, and outcomes were recorded. RESULTS: Opioids (97.6% morphine) were used in 921 out of 1862 patients (49.5%). There were no significant differences in age, sex or cardiovascular history, but more morphine-treated patients had anterior myocardial infarction and left-main disease. Time from chest pain to electrocardiogram and ticagrelor loading was shorter with morphine (both p = 0.01) but not total ischemic time. Morphine-treated patients more frequently received glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (p = 0.002), thromboaspiration and stent implantation (both p < 0.001). No significant difference between the two groups was found regarding pre-PCI ≥ 70% ST-segment elevation resolution, death, myocardial infarction, stroke, urgent revascularization and definitive acute stent thrombosis. More morphine-treated patients had an absence of pre-PCI Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 3 flow (85.8% vs. 79.7%; p = 0.001) and more had TIMI major bleeding (1.1% vs. 0.1%; p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Morphine-treatment was associated with increased GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor use, less pre-PCI TIMI 3 flow, and more bleeding. Judicious morphine use is advised with non-opioid analgesics preferred for non-severe acute pain. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01347580.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30302940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated, in the contemporary era of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treatment, the influence of diabetes mellitus (DM) on cardiovascular outcomes, and whether pre-hospital administration of ticagrelor may affect these outcomes in a subgroup of STEMI patients with DM. BACKGROUND: DM patients have high platelet reactivity and a prothrombotic condition which highlight the importance of an effective antithrombotic regimen in this high-risk population. METHODS: In toal 1,630 STEMI patients enrolled in the ATLANTIC trial who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were included. Multivariate analysis was used to explore the association of DM with outcomes and potential treatment-by-diabetes interaction was tested. RESULTS: A total of 214/1,630 (13.1%) patients had DM. DM was an independent predictor of poor myocardial reperfusion as reflected by less frequent ST-segment elevation resolution (≥70%) after PCI (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.43-0.82, P < 0.01) and was an independent predictor of the composite 30-day outcomes of death/new myocardial infarction (MI)/urgent revascularization/definite stent thrombosis (ST) (OR 2.80, 95% CI 1.62-4.85, P < 0.01), new MI or definite acute ST (OR 2.46, 95% CI 1.08-5.61, P = 0.03), and definite ST (OR 10.00, 95% CI 3.54-28.22, P < 0.01). No significant interaction between pre-hospital ticagrelor vs in-hospital ticagrelor administration and DM was present for the clinical, electrocardiographic and angiographic outcomes as well as for thrombolysis in myocardial infarction major bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: DM remains independently associated with poor myocardial reperfusion and worse 30-day clinical outcomes. No significant interaction was found between pre-hospital vs in-hospital ticagrelor administration and DM status. Further approaches for the treatment of DM patients are needed. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01347580.

11.
EuroIntervention ; 14(11): e1215-e1223, 2018 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30222116

RESUMO

AIMS: FANTOM II is a prospective multicentre trial assessing the safety and efficacy of the Fantom sirolimus-eluting bioresorbable coronary scaffold (BRS). The present substudy focuses on the six- and nine-month IVUS findings. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 240 patients with de novo coronary artery lesions presenting with stable or unstable disease were included in two sequential cohorts (cohort A [n=117] and cohort B [n=123]) in which angiographic follow-up was performed at either six or nine months, respectively. Matched IVUS data were available for 35 paired cases in cohort A and 26 paired cases in cohort B. At six months, mean and minimum scaffold area (SA) decreased from 6.09±1.08 mm2 to 5.88±1.07 mm2, p=0.009, and 5.27±0.99 mm2 to 5.05±0.99 mm2, p=0.01, respectively. At nine months, no significant change in mean scaffold and minimum scaffold area was observed (6.46±1.11 mm2 to 6.38±0.96 mm2; p=0.35, and 5.45±1.00 mm2 to 5.36±0.86 mm2; p=0.32, respectively). Neointimal hyperplasia area was low at both six (0.11±0.12 mm2) and nine months (0.20±0.21 mm2), as was in-scaffold obstruction volume (1.94±2.25% at six months, and 3.40±4.11% at nine months). CONCLUSIONS: The use of the Fantom BRS in stable coronary artery disease was associated with low rates of neointimal hyperplasia volume and in-scaffold volume obstruction at both six and nine months.

12.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; : 1-6, 2018 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30182752

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is used to treat acute kidney injury as part of multi organ failure. Use and prognostic implications after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is not well known. This study aims to assess incidence and use of RRT and whether RRT post-arrest was associated with 30-day mortality in Denmark in the years 2005-2013. METHODS: The Danish Cardiac Arrest Registry holds information on all OHCA patients in Denmark from 2005 to 2013. We identified 3,012 one-day survivors of OHCA ≥18 years, with presumed cardiac aetiology of arrest, admitted to ICU without previous RRT. Change in use of RRT during the study period was assessed using competing risk analysis. Mortality was assessed with Cox regression. RESULTS: On average, RRT was performed in 6% of the patient population with an average annual 1% increase, HR: 1.01, CI: 0.95-1.07, p = .69. Hazard of RRT was lower in patients receiving bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) (p < .001), patients with a shockable primary rhythm (p = .009) and elderly patients (p = .03). Socioeconomic factors did not influence hazard of RRT, but patients admitted to tertiary centres had higher hazard of RRT (p = .009). Use of RRT was associated with increased mortality in multivariate Cox regression (HR: 1.28, CI: 1.06-1.55, p = .01). CONCLUSION: Use of RRT as part of post resuscitation care following OHCA did not increase from 2005 to 2013; use was more common in tertiary centres and in patients with negative prehospital predictors (no bystander CPR, non-shockable rhythm). RRT was associated with increased mortality.

13.
Am Heart J ; 204: 128-138, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30103092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective was to compare patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) who were included in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) (trial participants) with patients who were not included (nonparticipants) on a trial-by-trial basis and according to indication for PCI. METHODS: In this cohort study, we compared patients with IHD who were randomized in RCTs in relation to undergoing PCI in Denmark between 2011 and 2015 were considered as RCT-participants in this study. The RCT-participants were compared with contemporary nonparticipants with IHD undergoing PCI in the same period, and they were identified using unselected national registry data. The primary end point was all-cause mortality. RESULTS: A total of 10,317 (30%) patients were included in 10 relevant RCTs (trial participants), and a total of 23,644 (70%) contemporary patients did not participate (nonparticipants). In all the included RCTs, nonparticipants had higher hazard ratios for mortality compared to trial participants (P < .001). Among all patients treated with PCI, the pooled estimates showed a significantly higher mortality rate for nonparticipants compared to trial participants (hazard ratio: 2.03, 95% CI: 1.88-2.19) (P < .001). When patients were stratified according to indication for PCI, the pooled estimates showed a significantly lower mortality rate for trial participants compared to nonparticipants in all strata (P for all < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Trial participants in recently performed RCTs including patients undergoing PCI were not representative of the general population of patients with IHD treated with PCI according to clinical characteristics and mortality. The difference in mortality was found irrespective of the indication for PCI. Thus, results from RCTs including patients undergoing PCI should be extrapolated with caution to the general patient population.

14.
EuroIntervention ; 14(7): 764-771, 2018 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29969425

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of the study was to determine whether patients treated with drug-eluting stents in the proximal left anterior descending artery (LAD) carried a different long-term prognosis from patients treated in other coronary artery segments. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ten-year clinical outcome expressed as all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACE: cardiac death, acute myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularisation) was determined for 1,479 patients with a single non-left main coronary stenosis treated with a first-generation drug-eluting stent in the SORT OUT II trial. The outcome of patients treated with stents in the proximal LAD (n=365) was compared with that of patients treated in a non-proximal LAD segment (n=1,114). Follow-up was 99.3% complete. All-cause mortality was 24.9% in the proximal LAD group vs. 26.3% in the non-proximal LAD group (p=0.60). MACE occurred less frequently in the proximal LAD group, 24.6% vs. 31.0% with a hazard ratio of 0.77 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.61-0.97, p=0.024). After multivariate analysis which included baseline characteristics that were unevenly distributed between the groups, the hazard ratio for MACE was 0.82 (95% CI: 0.65-1.03, p=0.09). CONCLUSIONS: Patients treated with a drug-eluting stent in the proximal LAD have similar, if not better, long-term clinical outcome compared with patients stented in other coronary artery segments.

15.
EuroIntervention ; 14(1): 112-120, 2018 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29786539

RESUMO

The 2017 European Bifurcation Club (EBC) meeting was held in Porto (Portugal) and allowed a multidisciplinary international faculty to review and discuss the latest data collected in the field of coronary bifurcation interventions. In particular, the topic of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on left main coronary artery (LM) disease was highlighted as a contemporary priority. Herein, we summarise the key LM anatomy features, the diagnostic modalities and available data that are relevant for a patient's procedural management. Since the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing PCI on LM disease may depend on both PCI team organisation and PCI performance, the optimal catheterisation laboratory set-up and the rationales for device and technique selection are critically reviewed. The best lesion preparation modalities, the different DES implantation technique choices and the strategies to be considered during PCI on unprotected LM for optimal PCI results are reviewed step by step.

16.
EuroIntervention ; 14(4): e467-e474, 2018 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29688182

RESUMO

Interventional cardiology and coronary stent insertion have an increasing role in the optimal management of left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis. Assessing the extent of obstructive disease of the LMCA by angiography alone can be challenging. However, in contrast to the two-dimensional, shadow graphic nature of coronary angiography, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is an accurate tomographic technique for assessing both the coronary lumen and the vessel wall characteristics. Consequently, it is a particularly useful technique in imaging the LMCA before, during and after intervention. The European Bifurcation Club (EBC) recommends the use of IVUS during most LMCA interventions. The purpose of this consensus document is to review the available IVUS data on LMCA disease evaluation and treatment. It is a practical guide to show "how and when" to use the imaging modality. It is hoped that a standardisation of the practical approach to imaging may allow consolidation of learning and, ultimately, improve patient outcomes.

17.
Heart ; 104(19): 1593-1599, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29602883

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Reperfusion immediately after reopening of the infarct-related artery in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) may cause myocardial damage in addition to the ischaemic insult (reperfusion injury). The gap junction modulating peptide danegaptide has in animal models reduced this injury. We evaluated the effect of danegaptide on myocardial salvage in patients with STEMI. METHODS: In addition to primary percutaneous coronary intervention in STEMI patients with thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow 0-1, single vessel disease and ischaemia time less than 6 hours, we tested, in a clinical proof-of-concept study, the therapeutic potential of danegaptide at two-dose levels. Primary outcome was myocardial salvage evaluated by cardiac MRI after 3 months. RESULTS: From November 2013 to August 2015, a total of 585 patients were randomly enrolled in the trial. Imaging criteria were fulfilled for 79 (high dose), 80 (low dose) and 84 (placebo) patients eligible for the per-protocol analysis. Danegaptide did not affect the myocardial salvage index (danegaptide high (63.9±14.9), danegaptide low (65.6±15.6) and control (66.7±11.7), P=0.40), final infarct size (danegaptide high (19.6±11.4 g), danegaptide low (18.6±9.6 g) and control (21.4±15.0 g), P=0.88) or left ventricular ejection fraction (danegaptide high (53.9%±9.5%), danegaptide low (52.7%±10.3%) and control (52.1%±10.9%), P=0.64). There was no difference between groups with regard to clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Administration of danegaptide to patients with STEMI did not improve myocardial salvage. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01977755; Pre-results.

18.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 11(3): e007107, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29555835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel diagnostic modality for functional testing of coronary artery stenosis without the use of pressure wires and induction of hyperemia. QFR is based on computation of standard invasive coronary angiographic imaging. The purpose of WIFI II (Wire-Free Functional Imaging II) was to evaluate the feasibility and diagnostic performance of QFR in unselected consecutive patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: WIFI II was a predefined substudy to the Dan-NICAD study (Danish Study of Non-Invasive Diagnostic Testing in Coronary Artery Disease), referring 362 consecutive patients with suspected coronary artery disease on coronary computed tomographic angiography for diagnostic invasive coronary angiography. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) was measured in all segments with 30% to 90% diameter stenosis. Blinded observers calculated QFR (Medis Medical Imaging bv, The Netherlands) for comparison with FFR. FFR was measured in 292 lesions from 191 patients. Ten (5%) and 9 patients (5%) were excluded because of FFR and angiographic core laboratory criteria, respectively. QFR was successfully computed in 240 out of 255 lesions (94%) with a mean diameter stenosis of 50±12%. Mean difference between FFR and QFR was 0.01±0.08. QFR correctly classified 83% of the lesions using FFR with cutoff at 0.80 as reference standard. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.86 (95% confidence interval, 0.81-0.91) with a sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of 77%, 86%, 75%, and 87%, respectively. A QFR-FFR hybrid approach based on the present results enables wire-free and adenosine-free procedures in 68% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: Functional lesion evaluation by QFR assessment showed good agreement and diagnostic accuracy compared with FFR. Studies comparing clinical outcome after QFR- and FFR-based diagnostic strategies are required. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02264717.

19.
Am Heart J ; 196: 1-8, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29421001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The potential interactions between prehospital (pre-H) ticagrelor administration and thrombus aspiration (TA) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have never been studied. Therefore, we evaluated the potential benefit of TA and pre-H ticagrelor treatment in patients enrolled in the ATLANTIC trial (NCT01347580). METHODS: This analysis included 1,630 patients who underwent primary PCI. Multivariate analysis was used to explore the potential association of TA and pre-H treatment to clinical outcomes. Potential interactions between TA and pre-H ticagrelor were also explored. RESULTS: A total of 941 (57.7%) patients underwent TA. In adjusted multivariate logistic model, pre-H ticagrelor treatment was significantly associated with less frequent new MI or definite stent *thrombosis (ST) (odds ratio [OR] 0.43, 95% CI 0.20-0.92, P=.031), or definite ST (OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.07-0.91, P=.036) at 30 days. Patients treated with TA had higher frequency of Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow 0-1 compared with no-TA group (80.7% vs 51.9%, P<.0001). TA when also adjusted for TIMI flow 0-1 showed significant association only for higher bailout use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (OR 1.72, 95% CI 1.18-2.50, P=.004) and more frequent 30-day TIMI major bleeding (OR 2.92, 95% CI 1.10-7.76, P=.032). No significant interactions between TA and pre-H ticagrelor were present for the explored end points. CONCLUSIONS: TA when left to physicians' discretion was used in high-risk patients, was associated with bailout use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors and TIMI major bleeding, and had no impact on 30-day clinical outcomes. Conversely, pre-H ticagrelor treatment predicted lower 30-day rates of ST or new MI without interaction with TA.

20.
Am Heart J ; 196: 2017 Apr, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29421015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among patients with STEMI in the ATLANTIC study, pre-hospital administration of ticagrelor improved post-PCI ST-segment resolution and 30-day stent thrombosis. We investigated whether this clinical benefit with pre-hospital ticagrelor differs by ischemic duration. METHODS: In a post hoc analysis we compared absence of ST-segment resolution post-PCI and stent thrombosis at 30 days between randomized treatment groups (pre- versus in-hospital ticagrelor) stratified by symptom onset to first medical contact (FMC) duration [≤1 hour (n = 773), >1 to ≤3 hours (n = 772), and >3 hours (n = 311)], examining the interaction between randomized treatment strategy and duration of symptom onset to FMC for each outcome. RESULTS: Patients presenting later after symptom onset were older, more likely to be female, and have higher baseline risk. Patients with symptom onset to FMC >3 hours had the greatest improvement in post-PCI ST-segment elevation resolution with pre- versus in-hospital ticagrelor (absolute risk difference: ≤1 hour, 2.9% vs. >1 to ≤3 hours, 3.6% vs. >3 hours, 12.2%; adjusted p for interaction = 0.13), while patients with shorter duration of ischemia had greater improvement in stent thrombosis at 30 days with pre- versus in-hospital ticagrelor (absolute risk difference: ≤1 hour, 1.3% vs. >1 hour to ≤3 hours, 0.7% vs. >3 hours, 0.4%; adjusted p for interaction = 0.55). Symptom onset to active ticagrelor administration was independently associated with stent thrombosis at 30 days (adjusted OR 1.89 per 100 minute delay, 95%CI 1.20-2.97, P < .01), but not post-PCI ST-segment resolution (P = .41). CONCLUSIONS: The effect of pre-hospital ticagrelor to reduce stent thrombosis was most evident when given early within 3 hours after symptom onset, with delay in ticagrelor administration after symptom onset associated with higher rate of stent thrombosis. These findings re-emphasize the need for early ticagrelor administration in primary PCI treated STEMI patients.

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