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1.
Int J Cardiol ; 408: 132106, 2024 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ultramarathon running poses physiological challenges, impacting cardiac function. This systematic review and meta-analysis explore the acute effects of single-stage ultramarathon running on cardiac function. METHODS: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses recommendations were followed. Searches covered Medline, Embase, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, Central Cochrane, and Scopus. Random effects meta-analyses assessed left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) variables, expressed as mean differences (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Among 6972 studies, 17 were included. Post-ultramarathon reductions were found in LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) (-1.24; 95% CI = -1.77, -0.71 mm), LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) (-9.92; 95% CI = -15.25, -4.60 ml), LV stroke volume (LVSV) (-8.96 ml, 95% CI -13.20, -4.72 ml), LV ejection fraction (LVEF) (-3.71; 95% CI = -5.21, -2.22%), LV global longitudinal strain (LVGLS) (-1.48; 95% CI = -2.21, -0.76%), E/A (-0.30; 95% CI = -0.38, -0.22 cm/s), .E' (-1.35 cm/s, 95% CI -1.91, -0.79 cm/s), RV fractional area change (RVFAC) (-3.34, 95% CI = -5.84, -0.84%), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) (-0.12, 95% CI = -0.22, -0.02 cm), RV global longitudinal strain (RVGLS) (-1.73, 95% CI = -2.87, -0.59%), with increases in RV end-diastolic area (RVEDA) (1.89, 95% CI = 0.63, 3.14 cm2), RV Peak A' (1.32 cm/s, 95% CI 0.20, 2.44), and heart rate (18.24, 95% CI = 15.16, 21.32). No significant differences were observed in LV end-systolic diameter (LVESD), LV end-systolic volume (LVESV), RV end-diastolic diameter (RVEDD), RV Peak E', and RV Peak S'. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence suggests immediate impairment of systolic and diastolic cardiac function post-ultramarathon running.


Assuntos
Diástole , Sístole , Humanos , Diástole/fisiologia , Sístole/fisiologia , Corrida de Maratona/fisiologia , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
2.
Int J Exerc Sci ; 16(2): 700-709, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37650036

RESUMO

Reduced cardiac baroreflex sensitivity (cBRS) is an autonomic marker associated with a worse cardiovascular prognosis. Whether cBRS is lowered in people living with HIV (PLHIV) is yet unclear, as well as potential moderator effects of body mass index (BMI) or physical activity (PA) level. The present study aims to compare the spontaneous cBRS in PLHIV vs. HIV-uninfected controls, and to determine among PLHIV the relationship between cBRS vs. body mass index (BMI) and PA level. Total, upward (cBRS+), and downward (cBRS-) cBRS gains were assessed using the sequential method from beat-to-beat blood pressure at rest in 16 PLHIV (46.5±8.4 years) under antiretroviral therapy for at least 6 months, and 16 HIV-uninfected controls (CTL; 42.1±8.0 years). PA level was assessed by the Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ short version) overall score. PLHIV showed lower total cBRS (8.7±3.1 vs. 15.3±7.7 ms.mmHg-1; p < 0.01), cBRS+ (9.2±4.9 vs. 16.0±6.8 ms.mmHg-1; p < 0.01) and cBRS- (9.5±4.9 vs. 15.3±9.3 ms.mmHg-1; p < 0.01) vs. CTL. No between-group difference was found for BMI (PLHIV: 25.2±2.6 vs. CTL: 26.8±3.2 kg.m-2; p > 0.05) or IPAQ score (PLHIV: 2.4±1.0 vs. CTL: 2.0±1.4; p > 0.05). In PLHIV, total cBRS was inversely correlated vs. BMI (r = -0.44; p = 0.04), but not vs. IPAQ score (r = 0.17; p = 0.26). HIV infection may reduce spontaneous cBRS, which seemed to be moderated by higher BMI, but not PA level of PLHIV.

3.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 23(3): e131-e138, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients have intermediary and late cardiac autonomic dysfunction, which is an independent mortality predictor. However, it is unknown when this HSCT-related autonomic dysfunction begins during hospitalization for HSCT and whether cardiac autonomic control (CAC) is related to cardiotoxicity in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: CAC was assessed in 36 autologous-HSCT inpatients (HSCT group) and 23 cancer-free outpatients (CON group) using heart rate variability analysis. The HSCT group was assessed at five time-points from admission to hospital discharge during hospitalization period. The CON group was assessed once. The severity of cardiotoxicity (CTCAE 5.0) and cardiac troponin I were recorded. RESULTS: The CAC was significantly reduced after high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) (reduction of MNN, SDNN, RMSSD, LFms2 and HFnu, and increase of LFnu and LF/HF; P<0.05). At the onset of neutropenia, pNN50 and HFms2 were also reduced (P<0.05) compared to the admission ones. Although both groups were similar regarding CAC at hospital admission, the HSCT patients showed impaired CAC at hospital discharge (P<0.05). The LF/HF was positively associated with cardiac troponin I and RMSSD was inversely associated with the severity of cardiotoxicity (P≤0.05). CONCLUSION: CAC worsened during hospitalization for autologous-HSCT, mainly after HDC. In addition, it seems associated to early signs of cardiotoxicity in these patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiologia , Cardiotoxicidade , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante Autólogo , Troponina I , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico
4.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 30: e23020323en, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528629

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The literature on hemodynamic responses during inspiratory muscle exercise (IME) lacks a consensus. To evaluate and compare hemodynamic responses during an IME session with and without resistive load, 15 sedentary men were subjected to two randomized IME sessions: one with 40% of maximal inspiratory pressure (IME 40%) and another without a resistive load (Sham), both of which were performed for two minutes over eight sessions with one-minute intervals. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean blood pressure (MBP), total peripheral resistance (TPR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), and heart rate (HR) were measured by infrared digital photoplethysmography during five basal minutes and during the IME sessions. One-way analysis of variance and the Student's t test for paired data were used to analyze hemodynamic response and delta values between sessions. Effect size was evaluated by Cohen's D. A 5% significance level was adopted. SBP responses (sham: ∆−1±2 vs. 40%: ∆−4±2mmHg, p=0.27), DBP (sham: ∆2±1 vs. 40%: ∆1±2mmHg, p=0.60) and MBP (sham: ∆2±1 vs. 40%: ∆0±2mmHg, p=0.28) were similar between sessions. HR increases were higher in the 40% IME session than in the sham session (sham: ∆9±2 vs. 40%: ∆3±2bpm, p=0.001). SV only decreased during the sham session but responses were similar between sessions (sham: ∆−2±2 vs. IME 40%: ∆−6±2ml, p=0.13). Both sessions did not change SBP, DBP, MBP, CO, and TPR, but we observed a greater increase in HR in the IME 40% session. Only the Sham session decreased SV.


RESUMEN No hay consenso en la literatura sobre las respuestas hemodinámicas durante el ejercicio muscular inspiratorio (EMI). El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar y comparar las respuestas hemodinámicas durante una sesión de EMI con y sin carga resistiva. Para ello, quince hombres sedentarios recibieron dos sesiones aleatorias de EMI: el 40% de la presión inspiratoria máxima (EMI 40%) y sin carga resistiva (sham), realizadas durante dos minutos, ocho sesiones y a intervalos de un minuto. La presión arterial sistólica (PAS), la presión arterial diastólica (PAD), la presión arterial media (PAM), la resistencia periférica total (RPT), el volumen sistólico (VS), el gasto cardíaco (GC) y la frecuencia cardíaca (FC) se midieron mediante fotopletismografía infrarroja digital durante cinco minutos al inicio y durante las sesiones de EMI. Se utilizaron ANOVA unidireccional y la prueba t de Student a datos emparejados para analizar la respuesta hemodinámica y los valores delta entre las sesiones. El tamaño del efecto se evaluó por el d de Cohen. El nivel de significancia adoptado fue de 5%. Las respuestas de PAS (sham: Δ−1±2 vs. 40%: ∆−4±2mmHg, p=0,27), PAD (sham: ∆2±1 vs. 40%: ∆1±2mmHg, p=0,60) y PAM (sham: ∆2±1 vs. 40%: ∆0±2mmHg, p=0,28) fueron similares entre las sesiones. El incremento de la FC fue mayor en la sesión de EMI 40% comparada con la sesión sham (sham: Δ9±2 vs. 40%: ∆3±2bpm, p=0,001). El VS tuvo una disminución exclusiva durante la sesión sham, pero la respuesta fue similar entre las sesiones (sham: Δ−2±2 vs. EMI 40%: ∆−6±2ml, p=0,13). Ambas sesiones no tuvieron cambios en las variables PAS, PAD, PAM, DC y RPT, pero se observó un mayor incremento de la FC en la sesión EMI 40%. Solamente en la sesión sham hubo una reducción del VS.


RESUMO A literatura carece de um consenso sobre respostas hemodinâmicas durante o exercício muscular inspiratório (EMI). Este estudo buscou avaliar e comparar as respostas hemodinâmicas durante uma sessão de EMI com e sem carga resistiva. Para tanto, 15 homens sedentários foram submetidos a duas sessões randomizadas de EMI: 40% da pressão inspiratória máxima (EMI 40%) e sem carga resistiva (sham), realizadas por dois minutos em oito sessões e com intervalos de um minuto. A pressão arterial sistólica (PAS), pressão arterial diastólica (PAD), pressão arterial média (PAM), resistência periférica total (RPT), volume sistólico (VS), débito cardíaco (DC) e frequência cardíaca (FC) foram medidos por fotopletismografia infravermelha digital por cinco minutos basais e durante as sessões de EMI. Anova de uma via e o teste t de Student para dados pareados foram usados para analisar a resposta hemodinâmica e os valores delta entre as sessões. O tamanho do efeito foi avaliado pelo d de Cohen. Adotou-se nível de significância de 5%. As respostas de PAS (sham: ∆−1±2 vs. 40%: ∆−4±2mmHg, p=0,27), PAD (sham: ∆2±1 vs. 40%: ∆1±2mmHg, p=0,60) e PAM (sham: ∆2±1 vs. 40%: ∆0±2mmHg, p=0,28) foram semelhantes entre as sessões. Os aumentos da FC foram maiores na sessão de EMI 40% do que nas sessões sham (sham: ∆9±2 vs. 40%: ∆3±2bpm, p=0,001). O VS diminuiu exclusivamente durante a sessão sham mas a resposta foi semelhante entre as sessões (sham: ∆−2±2 vs. EMI 40%: ∆−6±2ml, p=0,13). Ambas as sessões não causaram alteração nas variáveis PAS, PAD, PAM, DC e RPT, mas notamos um aumento maior da FC na sessão EMI 40%. Apenas a sessão sham reduziu o VS.

5.
Support Care Cancer ; 30(11): 9393-9402, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36173561

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in addition to conventional physical rehabilitation on muscle strength, functional capacity, mobility, hemodynamics, fatigue, and quality of life in hospitalized patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in 57 inpatients with hematological diseases undergoing HSCT. Conventional inpatient physical rehabilitation was delivered to the IMT (n = 27) and control (CON; n = 30) groups according to usual care, and the first group additionally performed IMT. The IMT was prescribed according to clinical and laboratory parameters at 40% of maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), 5 days/week throughout the hospitalization, in sessions of 10-20 min. The primary outcome was MIP and the secondary outcomes were maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), peripheral muscle strength (handgrip and sit-to-stand tests), functional capacity (6-min step test), mobility (timed up and go test), blood pressure, quality of life (EORTC-QLQ-C30), and fatigue (FACT-F) at admission and hospital discharge. RESULTS: The population was predominately autologous HSCT. The IMT group significantly increased the MIP (P < 0.01) and decreased both fatigue (P = 0.01) and blood pressure (P < 0.01) compared with control. No differences were found between admission and hospital discharge in peripheral and expiratory muscle strength, functional capacity, mobility, and quality of life in both groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the effectiveness of IMT as part of rehabilitation for HSCT inpatients, improving inspiratory muscle strength, and reducing fatigue and blood pressure. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03373526 (clinicaltrials.gov).


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Músculos Respiratórios , Humanos , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiologia , Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Equilíbrio Postural , Força da Mão , Estudos de Tempo e Movimento , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Fadiga , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos
6.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 58(3): 308-315, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34705964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver cirrhosis (LC) causes several musculoskeletal changes. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the peripheral and inspiratory muscle endurance are reduced in patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with LC (LC group; 61±14 years) and 18 age-matched subjects (control group; 56±17 years) had accepted to participate in this cross-sectional observational study. To assess peripheral muscle endurance, all volunteers performed a rhythmic handgrip exercise at 45% of their maximum voluntary contraction. A metronome was used to control the contraction-relaxation cycles at 60/min. The inspiratory muscle endurance was assessed using PowerBreath®. Participants underwent inspiratory muscle exercise at 60% of their maximal inspiratory muscle strength. The time until failure characterized the muscle endurance for both handgrip and inspiratory muscle exercises. Additionally, the quality of life of the participants was assessed. RESULTS: The muscle endurance was lower in the LC group when compared to the control group for both handgrip (67 vs 130 s, P<0.001) and inspiratory muscle exercises (40 vs 114 s, P<0.001). The peripheral muscle endurance was directly correlated with the total quality of life score (r=0.439, P=0.01) and to the following domains: fatigue (r=0.378 e P=0.030), activity (r=0.583, P=0.001), systemic symptoms (r=0.316, P=0.073) and preoccupation (r=0.370, P=0.034). The inspiratory muscle endurance was inversely correlated with the total quality of life score (r=0.573, P=0.001) and the following domains: fatigue (r=0.503, P=0.002), activity (r=0.464, P=0.004), systemic symptoms (r=0.472, P=0.004), abdominal symptoms (r=0.461, P=0.005), emotional function (r=0.387, P=0.02) and preoccupation (r=0.519, P=0.001). CONCLUSION: Both peripheral and inspiratory muscle endurance were lower in LC patients when compared to the control group.


Assuntos
Força da Mão , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Dispneia , Tolerância ao Exercício , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculos Respiratórios
7.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 308-315, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345290

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Liver cirrhosis (LC) causes several musculoskeletal changes. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the peripheral and inspiratory muscle endurance are reduced in patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with LC (LC group; 61±14 years) and 18 age-matched subjects (control group; 56±17 years) had accepted to participate in this cross-sectional observational study. To assess peripheral muscle endurance, all volunteers performed a rhythmic handgrip exercise at 45% of their maximum voluntary contraction. A metronome was used to control the contraction-relaxation cycles at 60/min. The inspiratory muscle endurance was assessed using PowerBreath®. Participants underwent inspiratory muscle exercise at 60% of their maximal inspiratory muscle strength. The time until failure characterized the muscle endurance for both handgrip and inspiratory muscle exercises. Additionally, the quality of life of the participants was assessed. RESULTS: The muscle endurance was lower in the LC group when compared to the control group for both handgrip (67 vs 130 s, P<0.001) and inspiratory muscle exercises (40 vs 114 s, P<0.001). The peripheral muscle endurance was directly correlated with the total quality of life score (r=0.439, P=0.01) and to the following domains: fatigue (r=0.378 e P=0.030), activity (r=0.583, P=0.001), systemic symptoms (r=0.316, P=0.073) and preoccupation (r=0.370, P=0.034). The inspiratory muscle endurance was inversely correlated with the total quality of life score (r=0.573, P=0.001) and the following domains: fatigue (r=0.503, P=0.002), activity (r=0.464, P=0.004), systemic symptoms (r=0.472, P=0.004), abdominal symptoms (r=0.461, P=0.005), emotional function (r=0.387, P=0.02) and preoccupation (r=0.519, P=0.001). CONCLUSION: Both peripheral and inspiratory muscle endurance were lower in LC patients when compared to the control group.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A cirrose hepática (CH) causa várias alterações musculoesqueléticas. OBJETIVO: Testar a hipótese de que as resistências dos músculos periféricos e inspiratórios estão reduzidas em pacientes com CH. MÉTODOS: Vinte e um pacientes com CH (grupo CH; 61±14 anos) e 18 indivíduos pareados por idade (grupo controle; 56±17 anos) aceitaram participar deste estudo observacional transversal. Para avaliar a resistência muscular periférica, todos os voluntários realizaram um exercício de preensão manual rítmica a 45% de sua contração voluntária máxima. Um metrônomo foi usado para controlar os ciclos de contração-relaxamento a 60/min. A resistência muscular inspiratória foi avaliada com o PowerBreath®. Os participantes foram submetidos a exercícios musculares inspiratórios a 60% de sua força muscular inspiratória máxima. O tempo até a falha caracterizou a resistência muscular para os exercícios de preensão manual e de músculos inspiratórios. Além disso, foi avaliada a qualidade de vida dos participantes. RESULTADOS: A resistência muscular foi menor no grupo CH quando comparada ao grupo controle tanto para os exercícios de preensão manual (67 vs 130 s, P<0,001) quanto para os músculos inspiratórios (40 vs 114 s, P<0,001). A resistência muscular periférica foi diretamente correlacionada com o escore total de qualidade de vida (r=0,439, P=0,01) e com os seguintes domínios: fadiga (r=0,030, P=0,378), atividade (r=0,378 e P=0,030), sintomas sistêmicos (r=0,316, P=0,073) e preocupação (r=0,370, P=0,034). A resistência muscular inspiratória foi inversamente correlacionada com o escore total de qualidade de vida (r=0,573, P=0,001) e com os seguintes domínios: fadiga (r=0,503, P=0,002), atividade (r=0,464, P=0,004), sintomas sistêmicos (r=0,472, P=0,004), sintomas abdominais (r=0,461, P=0,005), função emocional (r=0,387, P=0,02) e preocupação (r=0,519, P=0,001). CONCLUSÃO: As resistências musculares periférica e inspiratória foram menores nos pacientes com CH quando comparados ao grupo controle.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Idoso , Qualidade de Vida , Força da Mão , Músculos Respiratórios , Estudos Transversais , Tolerância ao Exercício , Dispneia , Cirrose Hepática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Eur J Appl Physiol ; 121(11): 2943-2955, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34189604

RESUMO

Abnormalities in the muscle metaboreflex concur to exercise intolerance and greater cardiovascular risk. Exercise training benefits neurocardiovascular function at rest and during exercise, but its role in favoring muscle metaboreflex in health and disease remains controversial. While some authors demonstrated that exercise training enhanced the sensitization of muscle metabolically afferents and improved neurocardiovascular responses to muscle metaboreflex activation, others reported unaltered responses. This narrative review aimed to: (a) highlight the current evidence on the effects of exercise training upon cardiovascular and autonomic responses to muscle metaboreflex activation; (b) analyze the role of training components and indicate potential mechanisms of metaboreflex adaptations; and (c) address key methodological features for future research. Though limited, accumulated evidence suggests that muscle metaboreflex adaptations depend on the individual clinical status, exercise modality, and training duration. In healthy populations, most trials negated the hypothesis of metaboreflex improvement due to chronic exercise, irrespective of the training duration. Favorable changes in patients with impaired metaboreflex, particularly chronic heart failure, mostly resulted from long-term interventions (> 16 weeks) including aerobic exercise of moderate to high intensity, performed in isolation or within multimodal training. Potential mechanisms of metaboreflex improvements include enhanced sensitivity of channels and receptors, greater antioxidant capacity, lower metabolite accumulation, increased functional sympatholysis, and muscle perfusion. Future research should investigate: (1) the dose-response relationship of training components within different exercise modalities to elicit improvements in individuals showing intact or impaired muscle metaboreflex; and (2) potential and specific underlying mechanisms of metaboreflex improvements in individuals with different medical conditions.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica/fisiologia , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiologia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Cardiovasculares , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Reflexo/fisiologia , Humanos
9.
J Gastrointestin Liver Dis ; 30(1): 103-109, 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is a measure of the overall functional capacity and is associated with the risk of mortality in patients with liver cirrhosis and in those listed for liver transplantation. Nevertheless, physical performance has not yet been established as a predictor of the risk of clinical decompensation in patients with cirrhosis. We aimed to determine the capacity of the 6MWT to predict the clinical decompensation in patients with cirrhosis after 1 year of follow-up. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included patients with compensated cirrhosis of several etiologies. All participants had stable clinical conditions for at least 6 months prior to baseline. At baseline, patients performed the 6MWT and were followed up for 1 year to detect the decompensation outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 55 participants completed the evaluation and follow-up. The mean age was 56.3±10.5 years, and 65% were men. Around 65.4% were classified as Child-Pugh class A. In the receiver operating characteristic analysis, a walking distance ≤ 401.8 m during the 6MWT was set as the threshold for predicting clinical decompensation with 64% sensitivity and 82% specificity. Kaplan-Meier curve analysis revealed that patients who covered a distance of < 401.8 m during the test had a decompensation-free outcome rate of 30% as compared to the rate of 75% of those who walked > 401.8 m (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The 6MWT was a significant predictor of clinical decompensation in patients with cirrhosis. A cutoff of 401.8 m was related to an increased risk of clinical decompensation in cirrhotic patients with a stable clinical condition at baseline. The 6MWT should be added to the clinical assessment of the cirrhotic population.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática/fisiopatologia , Teste de Caminhada , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(7): 3831-3838, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33245409

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Chemotherapy treatment can lead to cardiovascular toxicity and physical impairment prior to autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT). Cardiovascular adjustments during exercise and the exercise capacity remain unknown in patients prior to auto-HSCT. Thus, the hemodynamic responses during exercise and exercise capacity were evaluated using a novel effort test in patients prior to auto-HSCT. METHODS: Thirty patients prior to auto-HSCT (BMT group: 44.6 ± 14.1 years) and 23 control participants (CON group: 43.9 ± 16.6 years) performed the 6-Minute Step Test (6MST) to assess their exercise capacity and the hemodynamic responses during exercise. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), heart rate (HR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2) were measured during the test. Rate-pressure product (RPP) was calculated multiplying SBP by HR. The highest HR value recorded during the test was compared with the maximum HR predicted by age and was used as % of maximum HR (%HRmax). RESULTS: The number of steps up and down performed by the BMT group was lower than CON (108.8 ± 25.3 vs. 127.5 ± 34.4 steps, P = 0.02). The BMT group showed a higher magnitude of increase in SBP and RPP during the 6MST when compared to CON (ΔSBP: 18.5 ± 11.45 vs. 8.30 ± 18.46 mmHg, P = 0.01; and ΔRPP: 8197.3 ± 3829.1 vs. 6170.9 ± 3568.9 mmHg beats min-1, P = 0.05). The BMT group exhibited higher SpO2 and HR values throughout the protocol (P < 0.05), reaching a higher %HRmax than CON group (76.9 ± 9.6 vs. 66.4 ± 8.9%, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with indication for auto-HSCT have exacerbated chronotropic and pressor responses during exercise and reduced exercise capacity in the 6MST.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Neoplasias/fisiopatologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
11.
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab ; 46(3): 273-279, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941782

RESUMO

We sought to test the hypothesis that the cardiovascular responses to isolated muscle metaboreflex activation would be blunted in patients with cirrhosis. Eleven patients with cirrhosis and 15 healthy controls were evaluated. Blood pressure (BP; oscillometric method), contralateral forearm blood flow (FBF; venous occlusion plethysmography), and heart rate (HR; electrocardiogram) were measured during baseline, isometric handgrip at 30% of maximal voluntary contraction followed by postexercise ischemia (PEI). Forearm vascular conductance (FVC) was calculated as follows: (FBF / mean BP) × 100. Changes in HR during handgrip were similar between groups but tended to be different during PEI (controls: Δ 0.5 ± 1.1 bpm vs. cirrhotic patients: Δ 3.6 ± 1.0 bpm, P = 0.057). Mean BP response to handgrip (controls: Δ 20.9 ± 2.7 mm Hg vs. cirrhotic patients: Δ 10.6 ± 1.5 mm Hg, P = 0.006) and PEI was attenuated in cirrhotic patients (controls: Δ 16.1 ± 1.9 mm Hg vs. cirrhotic patients: Δ 7.2 ± 1.4 mm Hg, P = 0.001). In contrast, FBF and FVC increased during handgrip and decreased during PEI similarly between groups. These results indicate that an abnormal muscle metaboreflex activation explained, at least partially, the blunted pressor response to exercise exhibited by cirrhotic patients. Novelty: Patients with cirrhosis present abnormal muscle metaboreflex activation. BP response was blunted but forearm vascular response was preserved. HR response was slightly elevated.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Exercício Físico , Cirrose Hepática/fisiopatologia , Contração Muscular , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Antebraço , Força da Mão , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional
12.
J Strength Cond Res ; 35(11): 2993-2998, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224716

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: da Silva Novaes, J, da Silva Telles, LG, Monteiro, ER, da Silva Araujo, G, Vingren, JL, Silva Panza, P, Reis, VM, Laterza, MC, and Vianna, JM. Ischemic preconditioning improves resistance training session performance. J Strength Cond Res 35(11): 2993-2998, 2021-The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) in a resistance exercise (RE) training session on the number of repetitions performed, total volume, and rating of perceived exertion in recreationally trained and normotensive men. Sixteen recreationally trained and normotensive men completed 3 RE sessions in a counterbalanced and randomized order: (a) IPC protocol using 220 mm Hg followed by RE (IPC), (b) IPC cuff control protocol with 20 mm Hg followed by RE (CUFF), and (c) no IPC (control) followed by RE (CON). RE was performed with 3 sets of each exercise (bench press, leg press, lateral pulldown, hack machine squat, shoulder press, and Smith back squat) until concentric muscular failure, at 80% of one repetition maximum, with 90 seconds of rest between sets and 2 minutes of rest between exercises. Ischemic preconditioning and CUFF consisted of 4 cycles of 5 minutes of occlusion/low pressure alternating with 5 minutes of no occlusion (0 mm Hg) using a pneumatic tourniquet applied around the subaxillary region of the upper arm. For each condition, the number of repetitions completed, total volume of work performed, and rating of perceived exertion were determined. No significant difference was found for rating of perceived exertion between any experimental protocol. Ischemic preconditioning significantly (p < 0.05) increased the number of repetitions across exercises. Consequently, total volume performed (sum of total number of repetitions x load for each exercise) was significantly higher in IPC (46,170 kg) compared with CON (34,069 kg) and CUFF (36,590 kg) across all exercises. This work may have important implications for athletic populations because it demonstrates increase in muscle performance outcomes during a single RE session. Therefore, performing IPC before RE could be an important exercise prescription recommendation to increase maximum repetition performance and total volume of work performed and thus potentially increase desired training adaptations (i.e., strength and hypertrophy).


Assuntos
Precondicionamento Isquêmico , Treinamento Resistido , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Treinamento Resistido/métodos , Descanso , Levantamento de Peso/fisiologia
15.
Support Care Cancer ; 28(8): 3627-3635, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807987

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) usually experienced respiratory muscle weakness. Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) at HSCT has not been studied yet. Thus, it is important to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and preliminary effectiveness of IMT for hospitalized patients undergoing HSCT with an unstable and acute clinical condition. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled feasibility study. Thirty-one hospitalized patients undergoing HSCT were randomized to the conventional physical rehabilitation (CON) or to the IMT group (conventional physical rehabilitation + IMT). IMT was carried out at 40% of maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), 5 sessions weekly, 10-20 min/session. Primary outcomes were safety and feasibility (recruitment, adherence, and attrition rates) of IMT. Secondary outcomes were respiratory strength, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, and frequency of patients with oxygen desaturation, bleeding, dyspnea, and acute pulmonary edema. RESULTS: Patients were allocated to the IMT (N = 15; 43.6 years) or to the CON group (N = 16; 46.6 years). The recruitment rate was 100%, the adherence rate was 91%, and attrition was 13% to IMT. Two events were observed in 126 IMT sessions (1.5%). MIP increased in the IMT group (P < 0.01). No differences were observed in respiratory rate and oxygen saturation between groups. Trends to negative outcomes were observed in the CON in comparison to IMT group for a need of oxygen therapy (18% vs. 6%), bleeding (12% vs. 6%), dyspnea (25% vs. 13%), and acute pulmonary edema (6% vs. 0%). CONCLUSIONS: IMT is safe, feasible, and improves the inspiratory muscle strength in hospitalized patients undergoing HSCT. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trial registration: NCT03373526.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiologia , Adulto , Dispneia/terapia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Debilidade Muscular , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Mecânica Respiratória/fisiologia
16.
Am J Phys Med Rehabil ; 98(6): 450-455, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the quality of life (QOL) of patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation who improved their functional capacity during hospitalization (increased functional capacity group) with that of patients who maintained or decreased functional capacity during hospitalization (decreased functional capacity group). DESIGN: This observational, longitudinal study included 27 hospitalized patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Patients were divided into increased functional capacity group (16 patients) and decreased functional capacity group (11 patients). Functional capacity (6-min step test), peripheral muscle strength (sit-to-stand test and handgrip strength), and QOL (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer) were assessed at admission and at hospital discharge. RESULTS: Increased functional capacity patients had increased functional capacity and peripheral muscle strength of the lower and upper limbs at hospital discharge (P < 0.01, <0.01, and 0.02, respectively). The patients in the increased functional capacity group demonstrated an increase in global health and reduced symptoms at discharge (P = 0.02 and 0.03, respectively). No significant differences were observed between groups in the functional domain. CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, who have improved functional capacity at discharge, also experience an improved QOL, with no such improvement noted among patients who have stable or reduced functional capacity. We recommend that the treatment protocol for hospitalized patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation include an exercise program aimed at improving functional capacity.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica/fisiopatologia , Tolerância ao Exercício , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma/fisiopatologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Anemia Aplástica/terapia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Linfoma/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Força Muscular , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
In. Negrão, Carlos Eduardo; Pereira-Barretto, Antônio Carlos; Rondon, Maria Urbana Pinto Brandão. Cardiologia do exercício: do atleta ao cardiopata / Exercise cardiology: from athlete to heart disease. São Paulo, Manole, 4ª; 2019. p.404-421.
Monografia em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015713
18.
HU rev ; 45(2): 113-114, 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048120

RESUMO

No processo de reabilitação de um paciente devem ser enfatizadas estratégias de avaliação, diagnóstico, prevenção e tratamento das doenças com objetivo de manter e restaurar a função física, social, emocional e laboral, com consequente melhora na qualidade de vida.1 Neste contexto, a Unidade de Reabilitação do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora/Empresa Brasileira de Serviços Hospitalares (HU-UFJF/EBSERH), que tem abrangência nas áreas hospitalar e ambulatorial, engloba equipe multiprofissional composta por fisioterapeutas, profissional de educação física, terapeuta ocupacional, fonoaudiólogos, enfermeiros e técnicos de enfermagem.O objetivo principal é manter, dentro do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), um padrão de qualidade de excelência que foi construído ao longo de anos de integração entre assistência, ensino e pesquisa, com base no modelo de atendimentos individualizados em sua maior parte, e em grupos para casos específicos. A importância deste trabalho para a Rede de Atenção à Saúde que compreende Juiz de Fora e região pode ser ilustrada com alguns indicadores. Na fisioterapia, enquanto o número de sessões ambulatoriais realizadas no período de 2016 a 2018 pelo SUS no município reduziu 10%, o HU-UFJF/EBSERH elevou o número de atendimentos em mais de 140%, alcançando cerca de 2.500 sessões mensais, realizadas por 14 subespecialidades distintas, que beneficiam em média 600 pacientes por mês. Na internação são aproximadamente 970 sessões mensais nas enfermarias clínica, cirúrgica, pediátrica e terapia intensiva. Na fonoaudiologia, além das cerca de 130 consultas e atendimento contínuo a pacientes internados, mensalmentesãorealizados cerca de 90 exames, dos quais alguns exclusivos ao SUS na região, como potenciais evocados auditivos de curta latência e vectoeletronistagmografia.Complementam as atividades de reabilitação da Unidade, cerca de 150 atendimentos mensais realizados por profissionais de educação física e terapia ocupacional. Um dos programas mais recentes na Unidade é o de Atividade Física em Saúde que tem como objetivo avaliar, orientar e treinar fisicamente os usuários de diferentes ambulatórios do HU-UFJF/EBSERH. Apesar de recente, já foi possível observar resultados positivos nas condições físicas e mentais desses usuários após poucos meses de treinamento físico. Além da área assistencial, a Unidade de Reabilitação do HU-UFJF/EBSERH possui ampla atuação em atividades de ensino, pesquisa e extensão. Especificamente no ensino, as Unidades Santa Catarina e Dom Bosco são cenários de prática para os alunos dos cursos de fisioterapia e educação física. Adicionalmente, via programas de residência intitulados Multiprofissional em Saúde do Adulto e Integrada Multiprofissional em Atenção Hospitalar, profissionais da área da saúde são capacitados na Unidade. O atendimento à população da cidade de Juiz de Fora e região é complementado pela atuação de alunos, professores e profissionais em projetos de extensão e de treinamento profissional que englobam atividades com lactentes com risco para alterações no desenvolvimento, pacientes com doenças pulmonares, idosos, pacientes em hemodiálise, pacientes cirróticos, entre outros. Uma das atividades que apresentou maior avanço na Unidade de Reabilitação foi a de pesquisa por meio do desenvolvimento de projetos de doutorado, mestrado, iniciação científica e trabalho de conclusão de curso. Considerando que uma das políticas desta Unidade é o incentivo a qualificação, vários profissionais também estão participando ativamente deste processo. Algumas evidências científicas produzidas já foram inseridas no serviço, sendo que esta aplicação clínica representa um dos grandes objetivos dos projetos de pesquisa. Um dos exemplos foi a criação do serviço de fisioterapia para os pacientes em hemodiálise no HU-UFJF/EBSERH em 2018. Resultados de estudos prévios conduzidos desde 2005 nesta linha de pesquisa proporcionaram a implementação do atendimento fisioterapêutico durante as sessões de hemodiálise, sendo que o HU-UFJF/EBSERH é um dos poucos hospitais do Brasil a oferecer este programa.2,3 De forma similar, após realização de projetos de pesquisa sobre os efeitos do exercício físico em pacientes com cirrose, foi iniciado um programa assistencial de treinamento físico para esses pacientes.4 Esses dois exemplos demonstram que somada a publicação de manuscritos, muitas vezes internacionais, os resultados científicos são transformados e devolvidos para a sociedade.De fato, a realização de projetos científicos faz parte fundamental da Unidade de Reabilitação do HU-UFJF/EBSERH. Por meio da infraestrutura física, dos recursos humanos, apoio financeiro da própria instituição e de órgãos de fomento, dezenas de pesquisas científicas são realizadas anualmente. Essa característica agrega aos serviços potencialidade, real e futura, de inovação técnica e de conhecimento. E, paralelamente, muitas destas pesquisas servem como base para os trabalhos de conclusão dos graduandos e pós-graduandos, caracterizando a ciência como formadora de pessoas qualificadas para atuarem no mercado de trabalho.Mesmo com todos os desafios inerentes ao SUS,5 pelo exposto é possível entender que a Unidade de Reabilitação do HU-UFJF/EBSERH vem conseguindo integrar as vertentes do ensino, pesquisa e extensão com a assistência de excelência, o que fortalece sobremaneira o cuidado prestado aos usuários e, sem dúvida, promove a melhora da qualidade de vida destas pessoas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Reabilitação , Projetos de Pesquisa , Sistema Único de Saúde , Exercício Físico , Especialidade de Fisioterapia , Fisioterapeutas , Hospitais Universitários
19.
HU rev ; 45(3): 270-275, 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049309

RESUMO

Introdução: Hipertensos resistentes apresentam pior qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde em relação aos pacientes com hipertensão arterial sistêmica. A prática regular de exercícios físicos melhora essa qualidade de vida de pacientes com hipertensão arterial sistêmica. Assim, é possível que a atividade física melhore a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde dos hipertensos resistentes. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da prática regular de atividade física na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de pacientes com hipertensão arterial resistente. Material e Métodos: Foram avaliados 38 pacientes, de ambos os gêneros, diagnosticados com hipertensão arterial resistente, divididos nos grupos ativo (n=19, 64±7 anos) e sedentário (n=19, 56±10 anos). Foi considerado fisicamente ativo o paciente que praticava exercício físico por pelo menos três vezes por semana, com duração mínima de duas horas semanais, por período superior a quatro meses. Foi utilizado o teste t de Student para amostras independentes, com nível de significância de p<0,05. Resultados: A qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde foi significativamente maior no grupo Ativo em relação ao grupo Sedentário para os domínios capacidade funcional (69±25 vs. 44±22 pontos, p<0,01), dor (66±23 vs. 49±22 pontos, p=0,03), estado geral de saúde (61±16 vs. 52±9 pontos, p=0,03), vitalidade (69±20 vs. 43±22 pontos, p<0,01), limitação por aspectos físicos (75±38 vs. 40±34 pontos, p<0,01) e saúde mental (76±24 vs. 53±26 pontos, p=0,01), respectivamente. Os grupos Ativo e Sedentário foram semelhantes para os domínios aspectos sociais (74±24 vs. 68±28 pontos, p=0,54) e limitação por aspectos emocionais (63±38 vs. 40±36 pontos, p=0,07), respectivamente. Conclusão: A prática regular de atividade física parece melhorar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de hipertensos resistentes.


Introduction: Resistant hypertensive patients have worse health-related quality of life than patients with systemic arterial hypertension. Regular exercise improves this quality of life of patients with systemic arterial hypertension. Thus, it is possible that physical activity increases the health-related quality of life of resistant hypertensive patients. Objective: To test the hypothesis that regular physical activity improves the health-related quality of life of patients with resistant hypertension. Material and methods: Were evaluated 38 patients, male and famale, diagnosed with resistant hypertension, divided into Active (n=19, 64±7 years old) and Sedentary (n=19, 56±10 years old) groups. The patient who was physically active for at least three times a week, with a minimum duration of two hours per week for more than four months, was considered physically active. And, considered sedentary, the patient who had not practiced exercise regularly for at least six months. Student's t test for independent samples was used and considered significant p <0.05. Results: Health-related quality of life was significantly higher in the Active group compared to the Sedentary group for the domains functional capacity (69±25 vs. 44±22 points, p<0.01), pain (66±23 vs. 49±22 points, p=0.03), general health (61±16 vs. 52±9 points, p=0.03), vitality (69±20 vs. 43±22 points, p<0.01), limitation by physical aspects (75±38 vs. 40±34 points, p<0.01) and mental health (76±24 vs. 53±26 points, p=0.01), respectively. And, the Active and Sedentary groups were similar for the domains social aspects (74±24 vs. 68±28 points, p=0.54) and limitation by emotional aspects (63±38 vs. 40±36 points, p=0.07), respectively. Conclusion: Regular physical activity improves the health-related quality of life of patients with resistant hypertension.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Pacientes , Qualidade de Vida , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Exercício Físico , Saúde , Doença Crônica , Hipertensão , Atividade Motora
20.
Motriz (Online) ; 25(3): e101948, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040643

RESUMO

Aim: The hypothesis that higher levels of anxiety promote greater blood pressure (BP) responses during physical exercise is tested. The hypothesis that metaborreflex response is increased in an anxious individual is tested as well. Methods: There were 43 volunteers divided by anxiety level: 12 volunteers with mild, moderate and severe symptoms (anxious-group) and 31 volunteers with a minimum level of anxiety (control-group). Arterial BP, heart rate, and forearm blood flow were measured simultaneously during handgrip exercise and post-exercise ischemia, and forearm vascular resistance (FVR) was calculated. Results: Anxious group present higher systolic, diastolic and mean BP at rest when compared with control group (130±11 vs. 122±12 mmHg, p=0.048; 70±6 vs. 65±8 mmHg, p=0.033; 90±7 vs. 84±9 mmHg, p=0.033, respectively) and higher response of systolic, diastolic and mean BP and FVR during exercise when compared with control group (20±9 vs. 13±7 mmHg, p=0.009; 17±8 vs. 11±6 mmHg, p=0.006; 18±8 vs. 11±6 mmHg, p=0.005; and 0±13 vs. -7±9 units, p=0,003, respectively). During post-exercise ischemia, the anxious group also present higher response of diastolic BP, mean BP and FVR when compared with a control group (11±12 vs. 3±4 mmHg, p=0,001, 10±8 vs. 3±5 mmHg, p=0,002; 9±11 vs. -2± 8 units, p=0,03, respectively). Conclusion: Anxious individuals present higher BP responses during physical exercise when compared with those with minimal anxiety symptoms. This increased response may be explained, in part, by increased peripheral vascular resistance due to the greater metaborreflex response.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Ansiedade , Resistência Vascular/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Hipertensão/etiologia
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