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1.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721980

RESUMO

Importance: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an established alternative to surgery for patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. Adjunctive antithrombotic therapy used to mitigate thrombotic risks in patients undergoing TAVR must be balanced against bleeding complications, since both are associated with increased mortality. Observation: Stroke risk associated with TAVR is lower than that associated with surgical aortic valve replacement in recent trials including patients at intermediate or low risk, but it is constant beginning at the time of implant and accrues over time based on patient risk factors. Patients with aortic stenosis undergoing TAVR also have a sizable risk of life-threatening or major bleeding. Although dual antiplatelet therapy for 3 to 6 months after TAVR is the guideline-recommended regimen, this practice is not well supported by current evidence. In patients with no indication for oral anticoagulation, current registry-based evidence suggests that single antiplatelet therapy may be safer than dual antiplatelet therapy. Similarly, oral anticoagulation monotherapy appears superior to anticoagulation plus antiplatelet therapy in those where oral anticoagulant use is indicated. To date, no risk prediction models have been established to guide antithrombotic therapy. Conclusions and Relevance: Despite the growing volume of TAVR procedures to treat patients with severe aortic stenosis, evidence for adjunctive antithrombotic therapy remains rather scarce. Ongoing clinical trials will provide better understanding to guide antithrombotic therapy.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669110

RESUMO

A 79-year-old man with heart failure was referred to our attention for a degenerated bio-Bentall Mitroflow 27. The Heart Team decided for a valve-in-valve (ViV) transcatheter aortic valve implantation with an Acurate neoM associated to coronary protection due to high risk of coronary obstruction (CO). Besides the supra-anular design, this case shows additional potential advantages of the Acurate neo in ViV procedures: the upper crown, which is meant to favor supra-anular anchoring, also let to cap the bioprosthesis leaflets and minimize the risk of CO; there is not any interference between the valve cage and the stents protruding into the aorta, avoiding potential stent crushing and assuming an easier future coronary engagement.

4.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis ; 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669500

RESUMO

Functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) has been neglected for a long time, however its prevalence and clinical relevance is not negligible. In presence of FTR, a certain quote of annular dilatation is present thus contributing to the mechanism of regurgitation. Historically, surgical annuloplasty has been the main treatment to correct FTR; however surgical repair is limited by a high risk of mortality and morbidity. For this reason, percutaneous tricuspid annuloplasty is an attractive tool for the treatment of FTR in patients at high surgical risk. A number of both direct and indirect percutaneous annuloplasty systems are currently under pre-clinical and clinical development. This review will discuss the Cardioband system, a novel direct annuloplasty device with promising result in terms of clinical safety and efficacy.

6.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(16): 2088-2101, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623768

RESUMO

A large amount of evidence supports the widespread use of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) among patients who are at low to intermediate risk for surgery. However, several controversies exist about the optimal antithrombotic regimen to use in these patients. On the one hand, concerns about ischemic stroke, subclinical leaflet thrombosis, valve thrombosis, and long-term durability suggest the need for a stronger antithrombotic regimen to ensure a better patient and valve outcome. On the other hand, the high bleeding risk of this population and the current lack of strong evidence in favor of a more aggressive antithrombotic strategy require caution. This review analyzes the rationale of antithrombotic therapy in TAVR illustrating the present scenario and future perspectives.

8.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tricuspid Regurgitation (TR) is associated with increased rates of heart failure (HF) and mortality. Transcatheter tricuspid valve interventions (TTVI) are promising, but the clinical benefit is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the potential benefit of TTVI over medical therapy in a propensity score matched population. METHODS: The TriValve (Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Therapies) registry collected 472 patients from 22 European and North American centers, who underwent TTVI from 2016 to 2018. A control cohort formed by two large retrospective registries enrolling medically managed patients with ≥moderate TR in Europe and North America (1179 pts) were propensity score 1:1 matched (distance ± 0.2 SD) using age, Euroscore II, and systolic pulmonary artery pressure. Survival was tested with Cox regression analysis. Primary endpoint was 1-year mortality or HF rehospitalization or the composite. RESULTS: After matching, 268 adequately matched pairs of patients were identified. Compared to controls, TTVI patients had lower 1-year mortality (23 ±3% vs 36 ±3%, p=0.001), rehospitalization (26 ±3% vs 47 ±3% p<0.0001), and composite endpoint (32 ±4% vs 49 ±3%; p=0.0003). TTVI was associated with greater survival and freedom from HF rehospitalization (HR 0.60 [0.46-0.79], p=0.003 unadjusted) which remained significant after adjusting for sex, NYHA class, right ventricular dysfunction and atrial fibrillation (HR 0.39 [0.26-0.59], p<0.0001) and after further adjustment for mitral regurgitation and pacemaker/defibrillator (HR 0.35 [0.23.54], p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In this propensity matched case-control study, TTVI is associated with greater survival and reduced HF rehospitalization compared with medical therapy alone. Randomized trials should be performed to confirm these results.

11.
Eur Heart J ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511897

RESUMO

Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a frequent and complex problem, commonly combined with left-sided heart disease, such as mitral regurgitation. Significant TR is associated with increased mortality if left untreated or recurrent after therapy. Tricuspid regurgitation was historically often disregarded and remained undertreated. Surgery is currently the only Class I Guideline recommended therapy for TR, in the form of annuloplasty, leaflet repair, or valve replacement. As growing experience of transcatheter therapy in structural heart disease, many dedicated transcatheter tricuspid repair or replacement devices, which mimic well-established surgical techniques, are currently under development. Nevertheless, many aspects of TR are little understood, including the disease process, surgical or interventional risk stratification, and predictors of successful therapy. The optimal treatment timing and the choice of proper surgical or interventional technique for significant TR remain to be elucidated. In this context, we aim to highlight the current evidence, underline major controversial issues in this field and present a future roadmap for TR therapy.

12.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(9): E271-E272, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478894

RESUMO

Bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BRS) devices deliver both short-term coronary artery support and drugs. This could potentially be advantageous in patients suffering from STEMI featuring large and necrotic thrombus-rich lesions, which are often associated with stent-related complications. We performed a meta-analysis comparing polymeric BRS vs everolimus-eluting stent in STEMI patients.

13.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(22): 2758-2767, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transfemoral aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a guideline-recommended treatment option for patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. Women and men present with different baseline characteristics, which may influence procedural outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate differences between women and men undergoing transfemoral TAVR across the globe during the last decade. METHODS: The CENTER (Cerebrovascular EveNts in patients undergoing TranscathetER aortic valve implantation with balloon-expandable valves versus self-expandable valves)-collaboration was a global patient level dataset of patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR (N = 12,381) from 2007 to 2018. In this retrospective analysis, the study examined differences in baseline patient characteristics, 30-day stroke and mortality, and in-hospital outcomes between female and male patients. The study also assessed for temporal changes in outcomes and predictors for mortality per sex. RESULTS: We included 58% (n = 7,120) female and 42% (n = 5,261) male patients. Women had higher prevalence of hypertension and glomerular filtration rate <30 ml/min/1.73 m2 but lower prevalence of all other traditional cardiovascular comorbidities. Both sexes had similar rates of 30-day stroke (2.3% vs. 2.5%; p = 0.53) and mortality (5.9% vs. 5.5%; p = 0.17). In contrast, women had a 50% higher risk of life-threatening or major bleeding (6.7% vs. 4.4%; p < 0.01). Over the study period, mortality rates decreased to a greater extent in men than in women (60% vs. 50% reduction; both p < 0.001), with no reductions in stroke rates over time. CONCLUSIONS: In this global collaboration, women and men had similar rates of 30-day mortality and stroke. However, women had higher rates of procedural life-threatening or major bleeding after TAVR. Between 2007 and 2018, mortality rates decreased to a greater extent in men than in women.

15.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(15): 1451-1461, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395215

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate procedural and 1-year clinical and echocardiographic outcomes of patients treated with tricuspid edge-to-edge repair. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter edge-to-edge repair has been successfully performed in selected patients with symptomatic tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and high risk for surgery, but outcome data are sparse. METHODS: This analysis of the multicenter international TriValve (Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Therapies) registry included 249 patients with severe TR treated with edge-to-edge repair in compassionate and/or off-label use. Clinical and echocardiographic outcomes were prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: In 249 patients (mean age 77 ± 9 years; European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II score 6.4% [interquartile range: 3.9% to 13.9%]), a successful procedure with TR reduction to grade ≤2+ was achieved in 77% by placement of 2 ± 1 tricuspid clips. Concomitant treatment of severe TR and mitral regurgitation was performed in 52% of patients. At 1-year follow-up, significant and durable improvements in TR severity (TR ≤2+ in 72% of patients) and New York Heart Association functional class (≤II in 69% of patients) were observed. All-cause mortality was 20%, and the combined rate of mortality and unplanned hospitalization for heart failure was 35%. Predictors of procedural failure included effective regurgitant orifice area, tricuspid coaptation gap, tricuspid tenting area, and absence of central or anteroseptal TR jet location. Predictors of 1-year mortality were procedural failure, worsening kidney function, and absence of sinus rhythm. CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter tricuspid edge-to-edge repair can achieve TR reduction at 1 year, resulting in significant clinical improvement. Predictors of procedural failure and 1-year mortality identified here may help select patients who will benefit most from this therapy.

16.
J Cardiovasc Transl Res ; 12(5): 435-446, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444672

RESUMO

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation has become an established procedure to treat severe aortic stenosis. Correct device sizing/positioning is crucial for optimal outcome. Lotus valve sizing is based upon multiple aortic root dimensions. Hence, it often occurs that two valve sizes can be selected. In this study, patient-specific computer simulation is adopted to evaluate the influence of Lotus size/position on paravalvular aortic regurgitation (AR) and conduction abnormalities, in patients with equivocal aortic root dimensions. First, simulation was performed in 62 patients to validate the model in terms of predicted AR and conduction abnormalities using postoperative echocardiographic, angiographic and ECG-based data. Then, two Lotus sizes were simulated at two positions in patients with equivocal aortic root dimensions. Large valve size and deep position were associated with higher contact pressure, while only large size, not position, significantly reduced the predicted AR. Despite general trends, simulations revealed that optimal device size/position is patient-specific.

17.
JACC cardiovasc. interv. ; 12(16): 1606-1617, ago., 2019. ilus., graf., tab.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1022472

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate SAPIEN 3 (S3) (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California) positioning using different strategies. BACKGROUND: Aortic valve-in-valve (ViV) is associated with high risk of elevated gradients. METHODS: S3 aortic ViV procedures in stented bioprostheses were studied. Transcatheter heart valve (THV) positioning was analyzed in a centralized core lab blinded to clinical outcomes. A combined endpoint of severely elevated mean gradient ($30 mm Hg) or pacemaker need was established. Two positioning strategies were compared: central marker method and top of S3 method. Optimal final depth was defined as S3 depth #20%. RESULTS: A total of 113 patients met inclusion criteria and were analyzed (76.5 _ 9.7 years of age, 65.8% male, STS score 8 _ 7.6%). THVs had incomplete shortening in comparison to fully expanded valves (92 _ 3.4%), and expansion was more complete in optimal positioning cases compared with others (93.2 _ 2.7% vs. 91.5 _ 3.5%; p » 0.027). The central marker method demonstrated greater correlation with final implantation depth than the top of S3 method (R2 of 0.48 and 0.14; p < 0.001 and p » 0.001, respectively). The combined endpoint rate was 4.3% in the optimal (higher than 3 mm) implantation group, 12% in the intermediate group, and 50% in the low group (p < 0.001). There were no cases of THV embolization. In cases with central marker higher than 3 mm, 72.4% had optimal final depth. In those with central marker higher than 6 mm, 90% had optimal final depth. CONCLUSIONS: Optimal S3 positioning in aortic ViV is associated with better outcomes. Central marker positioning is more reliable than top of S3 positioning. Central marker bottom position should be 3 mm to 6 mm above the ring. (AU)


Assuntos
Marca-Passo Artificial , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Balão Intra-Aórtico
19.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(8): 1086-1106, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439219

RESUMO

Despite major improvements in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) periprocedural complications in recent years, the occurrence of conduction disturbances has not decreased over time and remains the most frequent complication of the procedure. Additionally, there has been an important lack of consensus on the management of these complications, which has indeed translated into a high degree of uncertainty regarding the most appropriate treatment of a large proportion of such patients along with major differences between centers and studies in pacemaker rates post-TAVR. There is therefore an urgent need for a uniform strategy regarding the management of conduction disturbances after TAVR. The present expert consensus scientific panel document has been formulated by a multidisciplinary group of interventional cardiologists, electrophysiologists, and cardiac surgeons as an initial attempt to provide a guide for the management of conduction disturbances after TAVR based on the best available data and group expertise.

20.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(16): 1606-1617, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate SAPIEN 3 (S3) (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California) positioning using different strategies. BACKGROUND: Aortic valve-in-valve (ViV) is associated with high risk of elevated gradients. METHODS: S3 aortic ViV procedures in stented bioprostheses were studied. Transcatheter heart valve (THV) positioning was analyzed in a centralized core lab blinded to clinical outcomes. A combined endpoint of severely elevated mean gradient (≥30 mm Hg) or pacemaker need was established. Two positioning strategies were compared: central marker method and top of S3 method. Optimal final depth was defined as S3 depth ≤20%. RESULTS: A total of 113 patients met inclusion criteria and were analyzed (76.5 ± 9.7 years of age, 65.8% male, STS score 8 ± 7.6%). THVs had incomplete shortening in comparison to fully expanded valves (92 ± 3.4%), and expansion was more complete in optimal positioning cases compared with others (93.2 ± 2.7% vs. 91.5 ± 3.5%; p = 0.027). The central marker method demonstrated greater correlation with final implantation depth than the top of S3 method (R2 of 0.48 and 0.14; p < 0.001 and p = 0.001, respectively). The combined endpoint rate was 4.3% in the optimal (higher than 3 mm) implantation group, 12% in the intermediate group, and 50% in the low group (p < 0.001). There were no cases of THV embolization. In cases with central marker higher than 3 mm, 72.4% had optimal final depth. In those with central marker higher than 6 mm, 90% had optimal final depth. CONCLUSIONS: Optimal S3 positioning in aortic ViV is associated with better outcomes. Central marker positioning is more reliable than top of S3 positioning. Central marker bottom position should be 3 mm to 6 mm above the ring.

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