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1.
JACC CardioOncol ; 4(1): 98-109, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35492831

RESUMO

Background: Studies assessing whether heart failure (HF) is associated with cancer and cancer-related mortality have yielded conflicting results. Objectives: This study assessed cancer incidence and mortality according to pre-existing HF in a community-based cohort. Methods: Among individuals ≥50 years of age from the Puglia region in Italy with administrative health data from 2002 to 2018, no cancer within 3 years before the baseline evaluation, and ≥5-year follow-up, the study matched 104,020 subjects with HF at baseline with 104,020 control subjects according to age, sex, drug-derived complexity index, Charlson comorbidity index, and follow-up duration. Cancer incidence and mortality were defined based on International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision codes in hospitalization records or death certificates. Results: The incidence rate of cancer in HF patients and control subjects was 21.36 (95% CI: 20.98-21.74) and 12.42 (95% CI: 12.14-12.72) per 1000 person-years, respectively, with the HR being 1.76 (95% CI: 1.71-1.81). Cancer mortality was also higher in HF patients than control subjects (HR: 4.11; 95% CI: 3.86-4.38), especially in those <70 years of age (HR: 7.54; 95% CI: 6.33-8.98 vs HR: 3.80; 95% CI: 3.44-4.19 for 70-79 years of age; and HR: 3.10; 95% CI: 2.81-3.43 for ≥80 years of age). The association between HF and cancer mortality was confirmed in a competing risk analysis (subdistribution HR: 3.48; 95% CI: 3.27-3.72). The HF-related excess risk applied to the majority of cancer types. Among HF patients, prescription of high-dose loop diuretic was associated with higher cancer incidence (HR: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.03-1.21) and mortality (HR: 1.35; 95% CI: 1.19-1.53). Conclusions: HF is associated with an increased risk of cancer and cancer-related mortality, which may be heightened in decompensated states.

2.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510529

RESUMO

AIMS: To define plasma concentrations, determinants, and optimal prognostic cut-offs of soluble suppression of tumorigenesis-2 (sST2), high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in women and men with chronic heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Individual data of patients from the Biomarkers In Heart Failure Outpatient Study (BIOS) Consortium with sST2, hs-cTnT, and NT-proBNP measured were analysed. The primary endpoint was a composite of 1 year cardiovascular death and HF hospitalization. The secondary endpoints were 5 year cardiovascular and all-cause death. The cohort included 4540 patients (age 67 ± 12 years, left ventricular ejection fraction 33 ± 13%, 1111 women, 25%). Women showed lower sST2 (24 vs. 27 ng/mL, P < 0.001) and hs-cTnT level (15 vs. 20 ng/L, P < 0.001), and similar concentrations of NT-proBNP (1540 vs. 1505 ng/L, P = 0.408). Although the three biomarkers were confirmed as independent predictors of outcome in both sexes, the optimal prognostic cut-off was lower in women for sST2 (28 vs. 31 ng/mL) and hs-cTnT (22 vs. 25 ng/L), while NT-proBNP cut-off was higher in women (2339 ng/L vs. 2145 ng/L). The use of sex-specific cut-offs improved risk prediction compared with the use of previously standardized prognostic cut-offs and allowed to reclassify the risk of many patients, to a greater extent in women than men, and for hs-cTnT than sST2 or NT-proBNP. Specifically, up to 18% men and up to 57% women were reclassified, by using the sex-specific cut-off of hs-cTnT for the endpoint of 5 year cardiovascular death. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with chronic HF, concentrations of sST2 and hs-cTnT, but not of NT-proBNP, are lower in women. Lower sST2 and hs-cTnT and higher NT-proBNP cut-offs for risk stratification could be used in women.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366625

RESUMO

Red blood cell (RBC) fatty acid (FA) patterns are becoming recognized as long-term biomarkers of tissue FA composition, but different analytical methods have complicated inter-study and international comparisons. Here we report RBC FA data, with a focus on the Omega-3 Index (EPA + DHA in% of total FAs in RBC), from samples of seven countries (USA, Canada, Italy, Spain, Germany, South Korea, and Japan) including 167,347 individuals (93% of all samples were from the US). FA data were generated by a uniform methodology from a variety of interventional and observational studies and from clinical laboratories. The cohorts differed in size, demographics, health status, and year of collection. Only the Canadian cohort was a formal, representative population-based survey. The mean Omega-3 Index of each country was categorized as desirable (>8%), moderate (>6% to 8%), low (>4% to 6%), or very low (≤4%). Only cohorts from Alaska (treated separately from the US), South Korea and Japan showed a desirable Omega-3 Index. The Spanish cohort had a moderate Omega-3 Index, while cohorts from the US, Canada, Italy, and Germany were all classified as low. This study is limited by the use of cohorts of convenience and small sample sizes in some countries. Countries undertaking national health status studies should utilize a uniform method to measure Omega-3 FA levels.


Assuntos
Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Canadá , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico , Eritrócitos , Ácidos Graxos , Humanos
4.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365899

RESUMO

AIMS: Myocardial infarction (MI) is among the commonest attributable risk factors for heart failure (HF). We compared clinical characteristics associated with the progression to HF in patients with or without a history of MI in the HOMAGE cohort and validated our results in UK Biobank. METHODS AND RESULTS: During a follow-up of 5.2 (3.5-5.9) years, 177 (2.4%) patients with prior MI and 370 (1.92%) patients without prior MI experienced HF onset in the HOMAGE cohort (n = 26 478, history of MI: n = 7241). Older age, male sex and higher heart rate were significant risk factors of HF onset in patients with and without prior MI. Lower renal function was more strongly associated with HF onset in patients with prior MI. Higher body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure and blood glucose were significantly associated with HF onset only in patients without prior MI (all p for interactions <0.05). In the UK Biobank (n = 500 001, history of MI: n = 4555), higher BMI, glycated haemoglobin, diabetes and hypertension had a stronger association with HF onset in participants without prior MI compared to participants with MI (all p for interactions <0.05). CONCLUSION: The importance of clinical risk factors associated with HF onset is dependent on whether the patient has had a prior MI. Diabetes and hypertension are associated with new-onset HF only in the absence of MI history. Patients may benefit from targeted risk management based on MI history.

5.
Ann Med ; 54(1): 1036-1046, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35438019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HDL is endowed with several metabolic, vascular, and immunoinflammatory protective functions. Among them, a key property is to promote reverse cholesterol transport from cells back to the liver. The aim of this study was to estimate the association of scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI)- and ATP binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1)-mediated cholesterol efflux (the two major routes for cholesterol efflux to HDL) with the presence, extent, and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD), vascular wall remodelling processes, coronary plaque characteristics, and the incidence of myocardial infarction in the different subgroups of patients from the CAPIRE study. METHODS: Patients (n = 525) from the CAPIRE study were divided into two groups: low-risk factors (RF), with 0-1 RF (n = 263), and multiple-RF, with ≥2 RFs; within each group, subjects were classified as no-CAD or CAD based on the segment involvement score (SIS) evaluated by coronary computed tomography angiography (SIS = 0 and SIS > 5, respectively). SR-BI- and ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux were measured using the plasma of all patients. RESULTS: SR-BI-mediated cholesterol efflux was significantly reduced in patients with CAD in both the low-RF and multiple-RF groups, whereas ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux was similar among all groups. In CAD patients, multivariable analysis showed that SR-BI-mediated cholesterol efflux <25th percentile predicted cardiovascular outcome (odds ratio 4.1; 95% CI: 1.3-13.7; p = .019), whereas ABCA-1-mediated cholesterol efflux and HDL-C levels significantly did not. Despite this finding, reduced SR-BI-mediated cholesterol efflux was not associated with changes in high-risk plaque features or changes in the prevalence of elevated total, non-calcified, and low-attenuation plaque volume. CONCLUSION: SR-BI-mediated cholesterol efflux capacity is lower in patients with diffuse coronary atherosclerosis. In addition, a lower SR-BI-mediated cholesterol efflux capacity is associated with the worst clinical outcomes in patients with CAD, independently of atherosclerotic plaque features. Key MessagesIncreased cholesterol efflux capacity, an estimate of HDL function, is associated with a reduced CVD risk, regardless of HDL-C levels.HDL-C levels are significantly lower in patients with CAD.Lower SR-BI-mediated cholesterol efflux capacity is observed in patients with diffuse coronary atherosclerosis and is associated with the worst clinical outcomes in patients with CAD, independently of atherosclerotic plaque features.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Placa Aterosclerótica , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Colesterol , HDL-Colesterol , Humanos , Lipoproteínas HDL/metabolismo , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Receptores Depuradores Classe B/metabolismo
6.
Cells ; 11(7)2022 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35406712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endotoxemia causes endothelial dysfunction and microthrombosis, which are pathogenic mechanisms of coagulopathy and organ failure during sepsis. Simvastatin has potential anti-thrombotic effects on liver endothelial cells. We investigated the hemostatic changes induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and explored the protective effects of simvastatin against liver vascular microthrombosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared male Wistar rats exposed to LPS (5 mg/kg one i.p. dose) or saline in two experimental protocols-placebo (vehicle) and simvastatin (25 mg/kg die, orally, for 3 days before LPS). Morphological studies were performed by light- and electron-microscopy analyses to show intravascular fibrin deposition, vascular endothelial structure and liver damage. Peripheral- and organ-hemostatic profiles were analyzed using whole blood viscoelastometry by ROTEM, liver biopsy and western-blot/immunohistochemistry of thrombomodulin (TM), as well as immunohistochemistry of the von Willebrand factor (VWF). LPS-induced fibrin deposition and liver vascular microthrombosis were combined with a loss of sinusoidal endothelial TM expression and VWF-release. These changes were associated with parenchymal eosinophilia and necrosis. ROTEM analyses displayed hypo-coagulability in the peripheral blood that correlated with the degree of intrahepatic fibrin deposition (p < 0.05). Simvastatin prevented LPS-induced fibrin deposition by preserving TM expression in sinusoidal cells and completely reverted the peripheral hypo-coagulability caused by endotoxemia. These changes were associated with a significant reduction of liver cell necrosis without any effect on eosinophilia. CONCLUSIONS: Simvastatin preserves the antithrombotic properties of sinusoidal endothelial cells disrupted by LPS, deserving pharmacological properties to contrast sepsis-associated coagulopathy and hepatic failure elicited by endotoxemia.


Assuntos
Endotoxemia , Hemostáticos , Sinvastatina , Trombose , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Endotoxemia/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrina/metabolismo , Hemostáticos/uso terapêutico , Lipopolissacarídeos , Hepatopatias , Masculino , Necrose , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Sepse/complicações , Sinvastatina/uso terapêutico , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Fator de von Willebrand
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35351688

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coexistent heart failure (HF) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are associated with marked morbidity and mortality. Optimizing treatment strategies can reduce the number and severity of events. Insulin is frequently used in these patients, but its benefit/risk ratio is still not clear, particularly since new antidiabetic drugs that reduce major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and renal failure have recently come into use. Our aim is to compare the clinical effects of insulin in a real-world setting of first-time users, with sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT-2i), glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1RA) and the other antihyperglycemic agents (other-AHAs). METHODS: We used the administrative databases of two Italian regions, during the years 2010-2018. Outcomes in whole and propensity-matched cohorts were examined using Cox models. A meta-analysis was also conducted combining the data from both regions. RESULTS: We identified 34 376 individuals ≥50 years old with DM and HF; 42.0% were aged >80 years and 46.7% were women. SGLT-2i and GLP-1RA significantly reduced MACE compared with insulin and particularly death from any cause (SGLT-2i, hazard ratio (95% CI) 0.29 (0.23 to 0.36); GLP-1RA, 0.482 (0.51 to 0.42)) and first hospitalization for HF (0.57 (0.40 to 0.81) and 0.67 (0.59 to 0.76)). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with DM and HF, SGLT-2i and GLP-1RA significantly reduced MACE compared with insulin, and particularly any cause of death and first hospitalization for HF. These groups of medications had high safety profiles compared with other-AHAs and particularly with insulin. The inadequate optimization of HF and DM cotreatment in the insulin cohort is noteworthy.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Receptor do Peptídeo Semelhante ao Glucagon 1/agonistas , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/uso terapêutico
8.
Metabolites ; 12(2)2022 01 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35208197

RESUMO

Traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (RFs) and coronary artery disease (CAD) do not always show a direct correlation. We investigated the metabolic differences in a cohort of patients with a high CV risk profile who developed, or did not develop, among those enrolled in the Coronary Atherosclerosis in Outlier Subjects: Protective and Novel Individual Risk Factors Evaluation (CAPIRE) study. We studied 112 subjects with a high CV risk profile, subdividing them according to the presence (CAD/High-RFs) or absence of CAD (No-CAD/High-RFs), assessed by computed tomography angiography. The metabolic differences between the two groups were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Characteristic patterns and specific metabolites emerged for each of the two phenotypic groups: high concentrations of pyruvic acid, pipecolic acid, p-cresol, 3-aminoisobutyric acid, isoleucine, glyceric acid, lactic acid, sucrose, phosphoric acid, trimethylamine-N-oxide, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid, erythritol, 3-hydroxybutyric acid, glucose, leucine, and glutamic acid; and low concentrations of cholesterol, hypoxanthine, glycerol-3-P, and cysteine in the CAD/High-RFs group vs the No-CAD/High-RFs group. Our results show the existence of different metabolic profiles between patients who develop CAD and those who do not, despite comparable high CV risk profiles. A specific cluster of metabolites, rather than a single marker, appears to be able to identify novel predisposing or protective mechanisms towards CAD beyond classic CVRFs.

9.
Cells ; 11(4)2022 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35203321

RESUMO

Stratification according high cardiovascular (CV) risk categories, still represents a clinical challenge. In this analysis of the CAPIRE study (NCT02157662), we investigate whether inflammation could fit between CV risk factors (RFs) and the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD). In total, 544 patients were included and categorized according with the presence of CAD and CV risk factor burden (low/multiple). The primary endpoint was to verify any independent association of neutrophil-related biomarkers with CAD across CV risk categories. The highest values of osteopontin (OPN) were detected in the low RF group and associated with CAD (23.2 vs. 19.4 ng/mL; p = 0.001), although no correlation with plaque extent and/or composition were observed. Conversely, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and resistin did not differ by CAD presence. Again, OPN was identified as independent variable associated with CAD but only in the low RF group (adjOR 8.42 [95% CI 8.42-46.83]; p-value = 0.015). As an ancillary finding, a correlation linked OPN with the neutrophil degranulation biomarker MPO (r = 0.085; p = 0.048) and resistin (r = 0.177; p = 3.4 × 10-5). In the present study, OPN further strengthens its role as biomarker of CAD, potentially bridging subclinical CV risk with development of atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Biomarcadores , Angiografia Coronária , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Osteopontina , Resistina , Fatores de Risco
10.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 99(3): 664-673, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582631

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to test the safety and efficacy of intravascular imaging and specifically optical coherence tomography (OCT) as a diagnostic tool for left main angioplasty and analyze the mid-term outcome accordingly. BACKGROUND: Clinical data and international guidelines recommend the use of intravascular imaging ultrasound (IVUS) to guide left main (LM) angioplasty. Despite early experience using OCT in this setting is encouraging, the evidence supporting its use is still limited. METHODS: ROCK II is a multicenter, investigator-driven, retrospective European study to compare the performance of IVUS and OCT versus angiography in patients undergoing distal-LM stenting. The primary study endpoint was target-lesion failure (TLF) including cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction and target-lesion revascularization. We designed this study hypothesizing the superiority of intravascular imaging over angiographic guidance alone, and the non-inferiority of OCT versus IVUS. RESULTS: A total of 730 patients, 377 with intravascular-imaging guidance (162 OCT, 215 IVUS) and 353 with angiographic guidance, were analyzed. The one-year rate of TLF was 21.2% with angiography and 12.7% with intravascular-imaging (p = 0.039), with no difference between OCT and IVUS (p = 0.26). Intravascular-imaging was predictor of freedom from TLF (HR 0.46; 95% CI 0.23-0.93: p = 0.03). Propensity-score matching identified three groups of 100 patients each with no significant differences in baseline characteristics. The one-year rate of TLF was 16% in the angiographic, 7% in the OCT and 6% in the IVUS group, respectively (p = 0.03 for IVUS or OCT vs. angiography). No between-group significant differences in the rate of individual components of TLF were found. CONCLUSIONS: Intravascular imaging was superior to angiography for distal LM stenting, with no difference between OCT and IVUS.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos
11.
ESC Heart Fail ; 9(1): 685-694, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808706

RESUMO

AIMS: Recent trials evaluating the effect of aspirin in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease showed little or no benefit. However, the role of aspirin on the risk of incident heart failure (HF) remains elusive. This study aimed to evaluate the role of aspirin use on HF incidence in primary and secondary prevention and whether aspirin use increases the risk of incident HF in patients at risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 30 827 patients at risk for HF enrolled in six observational studies were analysed [women 33.9%, mean age (±standard deviation) 66.8 ± 9.2 years]. Cardiovascular risk factors and aspirin use were recorded at baseline, and patients were followed up for the first incident of fatal or non-fatal HF. The association of incident HF with aspirin use was assessed using multivariable-adjusted proportional hazard regression, which accounted for study and cardiovascular risk factors. Over 5.3 years (median; 5th-95th percentile interval, 2.1-11.7 years), 1330 patients experienced HF. The fully adjusted hazard ratio (HR) associated with aspirin use was 1.26 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12-1.41; P ≤ 0.001]. Further, in a propensity-score-matched analysis, the HR was 1.26 (95% CI 1.10-1.44; P ≤ 0.001). In 22 690 patients (73.6%) without history of cardiovascular disease, the HR was 1.27 (95% CI 1.10-1.46; P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients, at risk, aspirin use was associated with incident HF, independent of other risk factors. In the absence of conclusive trial evidence, our observations suggest that aspirins should be prescribed with caution in patients at risk of HF or having HF.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Idoso , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Fatores de Risco
12.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 23(1): 28-36, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839321

RESUMO

AIMS: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a frequent comorbidity in patients with heart failure (HF). We assessed the influence of COPD on circulating levels and prognostic value of three HF biomarkers: N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT), and soluble suppression of tumorigenesis-2 (sST2). METHODS: Individual data from patients with chronic HF, known COPD status, NT-proBNP and hs-TnT values (n = 8088) were analysed. A subgroup (n = 3414) had also sST2 values. RESULTS: Patients had a median age of 66 years (interquartile interval 57-74), 77% were men and 82% had HF with reduced ejection fraction. NT-proBNP, hs-TnT and sST2 were 1207 ng/l (487-2725), 17 ng/l (9-31) and 30 ng/ml (22-44), respectively. Patients with COPD (n = 1249, 15%) had higher NT-proBNP (P = 0.042) and hs-TnT (P < 0.001), but not sST2 (P = 0.165). Over a median 2.0-year follow-up (1.5-2.5), 1717 patients (21%) died, and 1298 (16%) died from cardiovascular causes; 2255 patients (28%) were hospitalized for HF over 1.8 years (0.9-2.1). NT-proBNP, hs-TnT and sST2 predicted the three end points regardless of COPD status. The best cut-offs from receiver-operating characteristics analysis were higher in patients with COPD than in those without. Patients with all three biomarkers higher than or equal to end-point- and COPD-status-specific cut-offs were also those with the worst prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with HF, those with COPD have higher NT-proBNP and hs-TnT, but not sST2. All these biomarkers yield prognostic significance regardless of the COPD status.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hospitalização , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/mortalidade , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Proteína 1 Semelhante a Receptor de Interleucina-1/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Troponina T/sangue
13.
Ann Intensive Care ; 11(1): 161, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) during sepsis is controversial, as different trials on IVIG have observed inconsistent survival benefits. We aimed to elucidate the possible association and clinical significance between circulating levels of immunoglobulins. METHODS: In a subset of 956 patients with severe sepsis and septic shock of the multicentre, open-label RCT ALBIOS, venous blood samples were serially collected 1, 2, and 7 days after enrolment (or at ICU discharge, whichever came first). IgA, IgG and IgM concentrations were assayed in all patients on day 1 and in a subgroup of 150 patients on days 2 and 7. Ig concentrations were measured employing a turbidimetric assay, OSR61171 system. RESULTS: IgA on day 1 had a significant predictive value for both 28-day and 90-day mortality (28-day mortality, HR: 1.50 (95% CI 1.18-1.92); 90-day mortality, HR: 1.54 (95% CI 1.25-1.91)). IgG, but not IgM, on day 1 showed similar results for 28-day (HR 1.83 (95% CI 1.33-2.51) and 90-day mortality HR: 1.66 (95% CI 1.23-2.25)). In addition, lower levels of IgG but not of IgA and IgM, at day 1 were associated with significantly higher risk of secondary infections (533 [406-772] vs 600 [452-842] mg/dL, median [Q1-Q3], p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: In the largest cohort study of patients with severe sepsis or septic shock, we found that high levels of IgA and IgG on the first day of diagnosis were associated with a decreased 90-day survival. No association was found between IgM levels and survival. As such, the assessment of endogenous immunoglobulins could be a useful tool to identify septic patients at high risk of mortality. Trial registration #NCT00707122, Clinicaltrial.gov, registered 30 June 2008.

14.
Clin Chem ; 67(12): 1721-1731, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The long noncoding RNA LIPCAR (Long Intergenic noncoding RNA Predicting CARdiac remodeling) has emerged as a promising biomarker in cardiac disease and cardiac remodeling. To determine whether LIPCAR levels help for a molecular phenotyping of chronic heart failure (HF) patients, this study assessed the association of LIPCAR with severity of the disease and its progression, and with risk of death or hospitalization in HF patients. METHODS: LIPCAR was measured in plasma of 967 HF patients with symptomatic heart failure participating in the Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Insufficienza Cardiaca - Heart Failure (GISSI-HF) biohumoral sub-study. RESULTS: Plasma levels of LIPCAR were significantly associated with functional impairment as assessed by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) class, kidney function as reflected by estimated glomerular filtration rate, and creatinine, hemoglobin and mitral insufficiency. In females, these associations were more marked as compared to males. LIPCAR plasma levels were significantly related to the two cardiac markers, N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T, but not to inflammatory markers such as high sensitivity C-reactive protein and pentraxin-3, nor to patient reported outcomes such as depression and quality of life. HF patients with high LIPCAR levels univariately showed significantly higher incidence of cardiovascular hospitalizations but not of death; after adjusting for covariates, no significant effects of LIPCAR were found for cardiovascular hospitalizations. CONCLUSION: The circulating long noncoding RNA LIPCAR was increased in HF patients with higher NYHA class, impaired kidney function, and lower hemoglobin, which are indicators of patients' overall state.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , RNA Longo não Codificante , Biomarcadores , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Remodelação Ventricular
15.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(23): e021071, 2021 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816736

RESUMO

Background Brain injury and neurological deficit are consequences of cardiac arrest (CA), leading to high morbidity and mortality. Peripheral activation of the kynurenine pathway (KP), the main catabolic route of tryptophan metabolized at first into kynurenine, predicts poor neurological outcome in patients resuscitated after out-of-hospital CA. Here, we investigated KP activation in hippocampus and plasma of rats resuscitated from CA, evaluating the effect of KP modulation in preventing CA-induced neurological deficit. Methods and Results Early KP activation was first demonstrated in 28 rats subjected to electrically induced CA followed by cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Hippocampal levels of the neuroactive metabolites kynurenine, 3-hydroxy-anthranilic acid, and kynurenic acid were higher 2 hours after CA, as in plasma. Further, 36 rats were randomized to receive the inhibitor of the first step of KP, 1-methyl-DL-tryptophan, or vehicle, before CA. No differences were observed in hemodynamics and myocardial function. The CA-induced KP activation, sustained up to 96 hours in hippocampus (and plasma) of vehicle-treated rats, was counteracted by the inhibitor as indicated by lower hippocampal (and plasmatic) kynurenine/tryptophan ratio and kynurenine levels. 1-Methyl-DL-tryptophan reduced the CA-induced neurological deficits, with a significant correlation between the neurological score and the individual kynurenine levels, as well as the kynurenine/tryptophan ratio, in plasma and hippocampus. Conclusions These data demonstrate the CA-induced lasting activation of the first step of the KP in hippocampus, showing that this activation was involved in the evolving neurological deficit. The degree of peripheral activation of KP may predict neurological function after CA.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Parada Cardíaca , Cinurenina , Animais , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Estado Funcional , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Cinurenina/metabolismo , Ratos , Resultado do Tratamento , Triptofano/metabolismo
16.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 553, 2021 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Novel circulating biomarkers may help in understanding the underlying mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF), a challenge for AF management and prevention of cardiovascular (CV) events. Whether glycosylation affects the prognostic value of N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in AF is still unknown. OBJECTIVES: To test how deglycosylated total NT-proBNP, NT-proBNP and a panel of biomarkers are associated with: (1) recurrent AF, (2) first hospitalization for CV reasons. METHODS: A total of 382 patients of the GISSI-AF trial in sinus rhythm with a history of AF, echocardiographic variables, total NT-proBNP, NT-proBNP and nine additional biomarkers [Total N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (Total NT proBNP), N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP), Angiopoietin 2 (Ang2), Bone morphogenic protein-10 (BMP10), Dickkopf-related protein-3 (DKK3), Endothelial cell specific molecule-1 (ESM1), Fatty acid-binding protein 3 (FABP3), Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF15), Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-7 (IGFBP7) and Myosin binding protein C3 (MYPBC3)]. were assayed at baseline, 6 and 12 months under blind conditions in a laboratory at Roche Diagnostics, Penzberg, Germany. The associations between circulating biomarkers and AF at the 6- and 12-month visits, and their predictive value, were assessed in multivariable models with logistic regression analysis and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. Biomarkers associations were modelled for 1SD increase in their level. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 365 days, 203/382 patients (53.1%) had at least one recurrence of AF and 16.3% were hospitalized for CV reasons. Total NT-proBNP, NT-proBNP, Ang2 and BMP10 showed the strongest associations with ongoing AF. Natriuretic peptides also predicted recurrent AF (total NT-proBNP: HR:1.19[1.04-1.36], p = 0.026; NT-proBNP: HR:1.19[1.06-1.35], p = 0.016; Ang2: HR:1.07[0.95-1.20], p = 0.283; BMP10: HR:1.09[0.96-1.25], p = 0.249) and CV hospitalization (total NT-proBNP: HR:1.57[1.29-1.90], p < 0.001 1.63], p = 0.097). CONCLUSIONS: The association of total NT-proBNP with the risk of AF first recurrence was similar to that of NT-proBNP, suggesting no influence of glycosylation. Analogous results were obtained for the risk of first hospitalization for CV reasons. Natriuretic peptides, Ang2 and BMP10 were associated with ongoing AF. Findings from the last two biomarkers point to a pathogenic role of cardiac extracellular matrix and cardiomyocyte growth in the myocardium of the right atrium and ventricle.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Glicosilação , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(38): 11236-11245, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533314

RESUMO

Ceramides are sphingolipids that play roles as structural lipids and as second messengers in biological processes. Circulating ceramides are influenced by diet/food and predict major cardiovascular (CV) events, such as atrial fibrillation (AF). In 1227 patients with symptomatic chronic heart failure (HF), an association between diet and ceramides was found for coffee consumption of ≥3 cups and Cer(d18:1/24:0). Increased Cer(d18:1/24:0) was associated with lower incident AF (24.3% vs 15.4% tertile 1 vs 3, P = 0.016) and lower CV mortality (28.4% vs 12.0% tertile 1 vs 3, P < 0.0001). For coffee consumption, only an association with incident AF was found (24.5% never, 5.2% ≥3 cups). These inverse associations with AF were confirmed in survival analyses corrected for biomarkers (Cer(d18:1/24:0) HR: 0.79, P = 0.018; coffee consumption HR: 0.22, P = 0.001). In conclusion, higher coffee intake was associated with a lower risk of incident AF and with higher concentrations of Cer(d18:1/24:0). Cer(d18:1/24:0) was inversely associated to risk of AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Ceramidas , Café , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Esfingolipídeos
18.
Front Physiol ; 12: 682877, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447316

RESUMO

Inflammation and oxidative stress characterize sepsis and determine its severity. In this study, we investigated the relationship between albumin oxidation and sepsis severity in a selected cohort of patients from the Albumin Italian Outcome Study (ALBIOS). A retrospective analysis was conducted on the oxidation forms of human albumin [human mercapto-albumin (HMA), human non-mercapto-albumin form 1 (HNA1) and human non-mercapto-albumin form 2 (HNA2)] in 60 patients with severe sepsis or septic shock and 21 healthy controls. The sepsis patients were randomized (1:1) to treatment with 20% albumin and crystalloid solution or crystalloid solution alone. The albumin oxidation forms were measured at day 1 and day 7. To assess the albumin oxidation forms as a function of oxidative stress, the 60 sepsis patients, regardless of the treatment, were grouped based on baseline sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score as surrogate marker of oxidative stress. At day 1, septic patients had significantly lower levels of HMA and higher levels of HNA1 and HNA2 than healthy controls. HMA and HNA1 concentrations were similar in patients treated with albumin or crystalloids at day 1, while HNA2 concentration was significantly greater in albumin-treated patients (p < 0.001). On day 7, HMA was significantly higher in albumin-treated patients, while HNA2 significantly increased only in the crystalloids-treated group, reaching values comparable with the albumin group. When pooling the septic patients regardless of treatment, albumin oxidation was similar across all SOFA groups at day 1, but at day 7 HMA was lower at higher SOFA scores. Mortality rate was independently associated with albumin oxidation levels measured at day 7 (HMA log-rank = 0.027 and HNA2 log-rank = 0.002), irrespective of treatment group. In adjusted regression analyses for 90-day mortality, this effect remained significant for HMA and HNA2. Our data suggest that the oxidation status of albumin is modified according to the time of exposure to oxidative stress (differences between day 1 and day 7). After 7 days of treatment, lower SOFA scores correlate with higher albumin antioxidant capacity. The trend toward a positive effect of albumin treatment, while not statistically significant, warrants further investigation.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence regarding the benefits of ß-blocker treatment after invasively managed acute myocardial infarction (MI) without reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: TREatment with Beta-blockers after myOcardial infarction withOut reduced ejection fraction (REBOOT) trial is a pragmatic, controlled, prospective, randomized, open-label blinded endpoint (PROBE design) clinical trial testing the benefits of ß-blocker maintenance therapy in patients discharged after MI with or without ST-segment elevation. Patients eligible for participation are those managed invasively during index hospitalization (coronary angiography), with LVEF >40%, and no history of heart failure (HF). At discharge, patients will be randomized 1:1 to ß-blocker therapy (agent and dose according to treating physician) or no ß-blocker therapy. The primary endpoint is a composite of all-cause death, nonfatal reinfarction, or HF hospitalization over a median follow-up period of 2.75 years (minimum 2 years, maximum 3 years). Key secondary endpoints include the incidence of the individual components of the primary composite endpoint, the incidence of cardiac death, and incidence of malignant ventricular arrhythmias or resuscitated cardiac arrest. The primary endpoint will be analyzed according to the intention-to-treat principle. CONCLUSION: The REBOOT trial will provide robust evidence to guide the prescription of ß-blockers to patients discharged after MI without reduced LVEF.

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