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1.
J Adv Nurs ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626001

RESUMO

AIM: To identify and establish expert consensus on important and feasible components of a nurse-led, comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA)-based intervention for community-dwelling older people who live with frailty. DESIGN: A three-round modified e-Delphi survey. METHODS: An expert panel of 33 UK specialist older people's, primary and community care nurses participated in the three-round e-Delphi survey over a 12-month period in 2017-2018. Data from round 1 were analysed using content analysis. Descriptive statistics were used in the subsequent two rounds to demonstrate convergence of panel opinion and consensus. RESULTS: In round 1, experts proposed 30 CGA components that were combined with six additional components from a literature review and clustered into six domains. In round 2, components were rated for importance and feasibility. Rating scores for importance were high across all domains, with lower scores for feasibility. Round 3 revealed that 36 components achieved consensus on importance and 11 out of 36 components reached consensus on feasibility. CONCLUSION: Based on expert panel opinion, the content of a nurse-led CGA-based intervention was established, with the aim of future feasibility testing in a randomized controlled trial. IMPACT: This study provides feasible components of a CGA-based intervention that can be implemented in clinical practice by nurses in partnership with older people who live with frailty. Following further testing and evaluation, the components have the potential to improve clinical outcomes, maximize independence and improve the quality of life for community-dwelling frail older people.

2.
Eur J Pediatr ; 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535831

RESUMO

The COVID-19 lockdown had a series of intended and unintended consequences, including reduced infections and changes in activities and behaviours. Some of these changes may have been beneficial to perinatal outcomes; however, other factors such as reduced access to face-to-face healthcare may have contributed negatively to antenatal care. The aim of this audit was to evaluate neonatal admissions in the South-West of England during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and the previous two years 2018-2019. Anonymised birth and neonatal admission rates from January to December 2020 was obtained and compared to data from 2018 to 2019. The results demonstrate a decreasing in neonatal unit admissions between 2018 and 2020, 9.48% of live births in 2018 (95% CI 9.17, 9.80) to 8.89% (95% CI 8.65, 9.13) in 2020 (p = 0.002).Conclusion: There were no significant differences across gestational groups. It is unclear without nationwide data whether our observed trends, decreased neonatal admissions over the past 3 years, are generalisable and related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Future research exploring the impact of lockdowns on behaviour change during pregnancy and support services is warranted to understand the implications of pandemics on pregnancy and preterm birth. What is Known: • The COVID-19 lockdown had a series of intended and unintended consequences; some of which may have been beneficial to perinatal outcomes. • Research suggests that preterm births have not significantly changed overall, but they have decreased in high-income countries. What is New: • In our audit, analysing retrospective data of regional birth and neonatal admission from the South-West of England, we observed a decrease in live birth rates between 2018 and 2020. • A reduction in neonatal unit admissions was observed from 2018 to 2020 with no significant differences across gestational groups. The reduction from 2019 to 2020 was smaller than that from 2018 to 2019 implying that the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 was not necessarily implicated.

3.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 724992, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34552898

RESUMO

Background: Most studies on parental reactions to a preterm birth and to hospitalization of the newborn in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) have involved mothers. However, emotional responses and behaviors of fathers are equally important. Usually, the father is the first to meet the preterm newborn, to find out information about baby's condition and to communicate to the mother and other family members. In this context he is often left alone and can show psychological difficulties including affective disorders such as depression or anxiety. This paper describes the role of fathers in the NICU, the best practices to support fathers, and to explain the role of a psychologist in the NICU staff. Considerations and suggestions are provided on the difficulties encountered to support parents, with a focus on the role of fathers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods and Discussion: Considering contemporary research data and following an attachment perspective, we analyze the role of the father of a preterm-born child in the relation with the partner and in newborn caring. Research has shown that involving fathers in newborn care in NICU and at home is essential not only because it promotes the father/son attachment relationship and has positive effects on the psychological and somatic development of the newborn, but also for the health of the mother and whole family. Conclusion: Recommendations are provided to enhance the functions of fathers in the NICU, promote their involvement in the care of their infant, and interventions to prevent the manifestation of psychological suffering and/or perinatal affective disorders. The commitments of a psychologist in a NICU team are presented and require not only clinical skills, but also the ability to manage the emotional and relational difficulties of fathers, family and NICU staff. Considerations and suggestions are provided on the difficulties encountered by parents in the NICU during the COVID-19 pandemic.

4.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 666904, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34458208

RESUMO

Rationale and Aim: Infants with Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) are at risk for neurodevelopmental delays, emotional, social and behavioral difficulties. Hospitalization early in life and associated stressors may contribute to these challenges. Family-centered Care (FCC) is a health care approach that is respectful of and responsive to the needs and values of a family and has shown to be effective in improving health outcomes of premature infants, as well as the mental well-being of their parents. However, there is limited empirical data available on FCC practices in pediatric cardiology and associations with parent and infant outcomes. Methods and Analysis: In this cross-sectional study, we will explore FCC practices at two pediatric cardiac intensive care units in Germany, assess parent satisfaction with FCC, and investigate associations with parental mental well-being and parenting stress, as well as infant physical and mental well-being. We will collect data of 280 infants with CHD and their families. Data will be analyzed using multivariate statistics and multilevel modeling. Implications and Dissemination: The study protocol was approved by the medical ethics committees of both partner sites and registered with the German registry for clinical trials (NR DRKS00023964). This study serves as a first step to investigate FCC practices in a pediatric cardiology setting, providing insight into the relationship between FCC and parent and infant outcomes in a population of infants with CHD. Results will be disseminated in peer-reviewed journals.

6.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 693583, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34262890

RESUMO

Background: Neonatal mortality rates remain high in Sub-Saharan African countries. Improving the newborn resuscitation skills of healthcare professionals is important in addressing this challenge. The aim of this study was to evaluate a neonatal resuscitation training programme delivered over a two-year period for healthcare professionals in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Methods: A pre- and post-intervention study was designed. We delivered neonatal resuscitation training over a 2-day period in 2017 and 2 days of refresher training in 2018. Knowledge was evaluated by a self-designed survey (11 items with a total score of 22) before and after the two training periods, and skills were evaluated by a skills checklist (six domains with 25 items with a total score of 50) completed by the trainers based on their observations. Statistical analysis included differences in the knowledge and skills scores before and after the training sessions and between the two periods. Results: A total of 23 healthcare professionals participated and completed both neonatal resuscitation training sessions. The knowledge mean scores before and after the training in 2017 increased from 9.60 to 13.60 (95% CI: -5.900; -2.099, p < 0.001), and in 2018, the scores increased from 10.80 to 15.44 (95% CI: -6.062; -3.217, p < 0.001). The mean knowledge scores post-training over time were 13.60 in 2017 and 15.44 in 2018 (95% CI: -3.489; 0.190, p = 0.030). The resuscitation skills performance between the two time periods increased from a mean of 32.26 (SD = 2.35) to a mean of 42.43 (SD = 1.73) (95% CI: -11.402; -8.945, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The neonatal resuscitation training programme increased the theoretical knowledge and resuscitation skills before and after the two training sessions and over time after a 9-month period. Continuous neonatal resuscitation training based on the local needs in resource-limited countries is essential to provide confidence in healthcare professionals to initiate resuscitation and to improve newborn outcomes.

7.
Eur J Emerg Med ; 28(5): 386-393, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Need for recovery (NFR) describes an individual's need to physically and psychologically recuperate following a period of work. Physicians working in emergency departments (EDs) have higher NFR scores than other occupational groups. Increased NFR may precede occupational burnout and identification provides opportunities for early interventions. OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence of well-being characteristics for ED physicians and to determine if NFR score is associated with these characteristics, whilst adjusting for potential confounders. DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of a survey study. Responses to 11 items were summated into the NFR score, from 0 (lowest NFR) to 100. Additional items (n = 44) explored well-being, demographic and occupational characteristics. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Physicians working within 112 EDs in the UK and Ireland were surveyed in June-July 2019. OUTCOME MEASURE AND ANALYSIS: The outcome measure was self-perceptions of well-being including; current burnout, risk of future burnout and feeling overwhelmed at work. Descriptive statistics are presented alongside findings of a multiple regression analysis. MAIN RESULTS: In 4365 participants, the self-perceived incidence of current burnout, high risk of future burnout and feeling overwhelmed at work more than once a week was 24.8, 62.7 and 45.1%, respectively. For every unfavourable response of the NFR scale there was an increase in odds of 34.0% (95% CI, 31.0-37.1) for frequency of feeling overwhelmed; 53.8% (95% CI, 47.5-60.4) for current burnout; 56.2% (95% CI, 51.1-61.6) for high risk of future burnout. CONCLUSION: This study confirms an association between increased NFR score and self-perceived well-being characteristics. Factors previously reported to reduce NFR could therefore be important initiatives to improve well-being of the ED workforce.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Médicos , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Recursos Humanos
8.
Age Ageing ; 50(5): 1802-1810, 2021 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Confidence is a cornerstone concept within health and social care's intermediate care policy in the UK for a population of older people living with frailty. However, these intermediate care services delivering the policy, tasked to promote and build confidence, do so within an evidence vacuum. OBJECTIVES: To explore the meaning of confidence as seen through the lens of older people living with frailty and to re-evaluate current literature-based conceptual understanding. DESIGN: A phenomenological study was undertaken to bring real world lived-experience meaning to the concept of confidence. METHODS: Seventeen individual face-to-face interviews with older people living with frailty were undertaken and the data analysed using van Manen's approach to phenomenology. RESULTS: Four themes are identified, informing a new conceptual model of confidence. This concept consists of four unique but interdependent dimensions. The four dimensions are: social connections, fear, independence and control. Each is ever-present in the confidence experience of the older person living with frailty. For each dimension, identifiable confidence eroding and enabling factors were recognised and are presented to promote aging well and personal resilience opportunities, giving chance to reduce the impact of vulnerability and frailty. CONCLUSIONS: This new and unique understanding of confidence provides a much needed evidence-base for services commissioned to promote and build confidence. It provides greater understanding and clarity to deliver these ambitions to an older population, progressing along the heath-frailty continuum. Empirical referents are required to quantify the concept's impact in future interventional studies.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Medo , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/terapia , Humanos , Apoio Social
9.
J Adv Nurs ; 77(8): 3531-3541, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081353

RESUMO

AIM: To explore and understand the impact of paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission on longitudinal health outcomes, experiences and support needs of children and their parents in the first 6 months after PICU discharge and to examine the role of ethnicity. DESIGN: This study uses a prospective, longitudinal design. METHODS: The sample will include children (N = 110) and at least one parent (N = 110) admitted to the PICU (KKH-AM start-up fund, October 2020). Quantitative study: Participants will be recruited at PICU admission. Data will be collected at five time points: during PICU admission (T0), at PICU discharge (T1), 1 month (T2), 3 months (T3) and 6 months (T4) after PICU discharge. Questionnaires will assess physical and cognitive outcomes of the child survivor. Emotional and social health outcomes will be assessed for both the child and the parents. Qualitative study: At least 12 parents will take part in a semi-structured interview conducted at both 1 and 6 months after PICU to explore their experiences and support needs after PICU discharge. All interviews will be audio-recorded with verbatim transcription. We will use framework analysis for qualitative data analysis. DISCUSSION: Understanding of Singapore health outcomes after critical illness in kids (SHACK) and their families is limited. There is an urgent need to comprehensively understand the health trajectory and consequences of the PICU child survivors and their families. This research will be the first to explore the health outcomes, needs and experiences after paediatric critical illness in Asia. IMPACT: This study will provide an understanding of the health outcomes and trajectory of children and parents in the first 6 months after PICU discharge and examine the association between race and outcomes after PICU discharge. Identification of modifiable pre-disposing risk factors during the PICU admission will inform future interventions to improve long-term outcomes of children and parents following paediatric critical illness. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrial.gov: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04637113.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Ásia , Criança , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Estudos Prospectivos , Singapura
10.
Nurs Crit Care ; 2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Engaging relatives in the care of critically ill patients is associated with better outcomes. It is crucial to empower relatives to provide feedback. Valid satisfaction instruments are essential to identify best practices and areas for improvement. AIM: The aim of the study was to adapt the Spanish version of the EMpowerment of PArents in The Intensive Care-30 (EMPATHIC-30) questionnaire in adult intensive care units (ICUs) and psychometrically test the EMpowerment of PAtients in The Intensive Care-Family (EMPATHIC-F) questionnaire to measure family satisfaction. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional, prospective study conducted in two adult ICUs. Participants were relatives of patients who were discharged alive from the ICUs with an ICU length-of-stay >24 hours. The EMPATHIC-F questionnaire is divided into five domains that are related to the family-centred care principles. Responses are provided on a 6-point ordinal Likert scale, a score of >5 is considered acceptable. RESULTS: Patients' relatives confirmed the adaptation of the instrument. A total of 262 relatives responded to the EMPATHIC-F questionnaire (97% response rate). The empirical structure of the instrument was established by confirmatory factor analysis confirming 30 statements within five theoretically conceptualized domains: information, care and treatment, family participation, organization, and professional attitude. On item level, two statements scored a mean below 5.0. Cronbach's α at the domain level was between .64 and .75. Congruent validity was adequate between the five domains and four general satisfaction items (r's .26-.54). The non-differential validity was confirmed with no significant effect size between three patients' demographic characteristics and the domains. CONCLUSIONS: The EMPATHIC-F questionnaire is a reliable and valid quality performance indicator to measure the perceptions of family members in adult ICU settings. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The EMPATHIC-F questionnaire can be used to benchmark and provides a framework for standardized quality improvement towards the development of a family-centred care philosophy within adult ICUs.

12.
Pediatr Crit Care Med ; 22(10): 915-924, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To map the evidence for neurally adjusted ventilatory assist strategies, outcome measures, and sedation practices in infants less than 12 months with acute respiratory failure using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews guidance. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, COCHRANE, JBI, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Google scholar, BNI, AMED. Trial registers included the following: ClinicalTrials.gov, European Union clinical trials register, International Standardized Randomized Controlled Trial Number register. Also included were Ethos, Grey literature, Google, dissertation abstracts, EMBASE conference proceedings. STUDY SELECTION: Abstracts were screened followed by review of full text. Articles incorporating a heterogeneous population of both infants and older children were assessed, and where possible, data for infants were extracted. Fifteen articles were included. Ten articles were primary research: randomized controlled trial (n = 3), cohort studies (n = 4), retrospective data analysis (n = 2), case series (n = 1). Other articles are expert opinion (n = 2), neurally adjusted ventilatory assist updates (n = 1), and a literature review (n = 2). Three studies included exclusively infants. We also included 12 studies reporting jointly on infants and children. DATA EXTRACTION: A standardized data extraction tool was used. DATA SYNTHESIS: Key findings were that evidence related to neurally adjusted ventilatory assist ventilation strategies in infants and related to specific primary conditions is limited. The setting of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist level is not consistent, and how to optimize this mode of ventilation was not documented. Outcome measures varied considerably, most studies focused on improvements in respiratory and physiological variables. Sedation use is variable with regard to medication type and dose. There is an indication that less sedation is required in patients receiving neurally adjusted ventilatory assist, but no conclusive evidence to support this. CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights a lack of standardized strategies for neurally adjusted ventilatory assist ventilation and sedation practices among infants with acute respiratory failure. Studies were limited by small sample sizes and a lack of focus on specific patient groups. Robust studies are needed to provide evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist in infants with acute respiratory failure.


Assuntos
Suporte Ventilatório Interativo , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Insuficiência Respiratória , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ventiladores Mecânicos
13.
Endocrinol Diabetes Metab ; 4(1): e00132, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33532602

RESUMO

The aim of this systematic review was to identify the best footwear and insole design features for offloading the plantar surface of the foot to prevent foot ulceration in people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. We searched multiple databases for published and unpublished studies reporting offloading footwear and insoles for people with diabetic neuropathy and nonulcerated feet. Primary outcome was foot ulcer incidence; other outcome measures considered were any standardized kinetic or kinematic measure indicating loading or offloading the plantar foot. Fifty-four studies, including randomized controlled studies, cohort studies, case-series, and a case-controlled and cross-sectional study were included. Three meta-analyses were conducted and random-effects modelling found peak plantar pressure reduction of arch profile (37 kPa (MD, -37.5; 95% CI, -72.29 to -3.61; P < .03), metatarsal addition (35.96 kPa (MD, -35.96; 95% CI, -57.33 to -14.60; P < .001) and pressure informed design 75.4 kPa (MD, -75.4 kPa; 95% CI, -127.4 to -23.44 kPa; P < .004).The remaining data were presented in a narrative form due to heterogeneity. This review highlights the difficulty in differentiating the effect of different insole and footwear features in offloading the neuropathic diabetic foot. However, arch profiles, metatarsal additions and apertures are effective in reducing plantar pressure. The use of pressure analysis to enhance the effectiveness of the design of footwear and insoles, particularly through modification, is recommended.


Assuntos
Pé Diabético/prevenção & controle , Desenho de Equipamento , Órtoses do Pé , Sapatos , Pé Diabético/etiologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/complicações , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Pediatr Crit Care Med ; 22(6): e339-e348, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044413

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To conduct the Brazilian translation, cross-cultural adaptation, validation, and reliability testing of the EMpowerment of PArents in THe Intensive Care (EMPATHIC-30). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: PICU of a tertiary-care teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Parents (n = 141) completed the translated EMPATHIC-30 questionnaire 72 hours after their child's PICU discharge. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The translation and cultural adaptation were performed in accordance with the principles of good practice for the translation and cultural adaptation process for patient-reported outcomes measures. Sentences were adapted according to the Brazilian syntax. Total content validity coefficient was above the established average (> 0.8). Reliability was evaluated with the coefficients McDonald omega and Cronbach alpha. The lowest Cronbach alpha found was 0.47 (CI 95%, 0.35-0.59) in the organization domain, where the lowest response rate was also concentrated. The values of the other domains were as follows: 0.64 (95% CI, 0.55-0.73) for information, 0.77 (95% CI, 0.71-0.83) for care and treatment, 0.72 (95% CI, 0.66-0.78) for parent participation, and 0.72 (95% CI, 0.65-0.79) for professional attitudes. The total internal consistency independent of the domain was 0.90 (CI 95%, 0.88-0.92). With regard to McDonald Omega, values were identified: 0.68 (95% CI, 0.49-0.88) for information, 0.73 (95% CI, 0.61-0.85) for care and treatment, 0.85 (95% CI, 0.47-0.80) for parent participation, 0.85 (95% CI, 0.76-0.93), and 0.72 (95% CI, 0.58-0.86) for professional attitudes. CONCLUSIONS: EMPATHIC-30 has been translated and culturally adapted for the Brazilian population. Validation demonstrated an above-average total content validity coefficient, confirming the instrument content validity. A sufficient reliability was observed in both analyzed coefficients. The results support the use of the Brazilian version of EMPATHIC-30 for the evaluation of parents' satisfaction of children admitted to the PICU.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Satisfação Pessoal , Brasil , Criança , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Pais , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Nurs Crit Care ; 26(3): 201-208, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Admission of an infant to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is often a stressful experience for parents and can be associated with feelings of inadequacy to fulfil the desirable parental role. The values, opportunities, integration, control, and evaluation (VOICE) programme was developed to engage parents in care, to decrease stress, and to increase empowerment. AIM: To explore the experiences of parents regarding involvement in the VOICE programme during admission of their infant to the NICU. DESIGN: The VOICE programme includes at least five personal structured meetings between parents, nurses, and other health care professionals throughout the pathway from birth, NICU, and follow up. A qualitative design was adopted using semi-structured interviews. Interviews with 13 parents of 11 infants born at <27 weeks' gestational age were conducted: nine mothers and two couples of father and mother. Thematic analysis was deployed. RESULTS: The findings have been described in one overarching theme: "parental empowerment." Parents felt strengthened and were empowered in the development of their role as primary caretaker by the VOICE programme. The parental empowerment theme emerged from four related interpretive themes that were derived: (a) involvement in care, (b) personalized information and communication, (c) transition to a parental role, and (d) emotional support. CONCLUSION: The VOICE programme can be a structured approach used to implement family support in a NICU to empower parents to become a partner in the care of their infant and feel confident. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: This study encourages health care professionals to provide parental support through a structured intervention programme, which contributes to the empowerment of parents in the NICU and encouraged them to participate in care and decision-making.

16.
J Adv Nurs ; 77(2): 755-762, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230937

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of Mirabilite combined with Lactulose in older patients after abdominal surgery. DESIGN: It is a retrospective observational cohort study with a pre and post intervention group. METHODS: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed of postoperative Intensive Care patients with postoperative gastrointestinal tract dysfunction (aged >60 years) in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit from January 2017-December 2018. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-seven post-surgical Intensive Care patients with postoperative gastrointestinal tract dysfunction were analysed; 74 patients received Mirabilite + Lactulose treatment and 93 patients received Lactulose treatment. The recovery rate of bowel sounds was better in the Mirabilite + Lactulose group (62.16%) compared with the Lactulose group (37.63%) after 3-day treatment (p = 0.002) and the relative risk (RR) was 1.65 (95% CI, 1.20, 2.27). Moreover 70.27% patients in the Mirabilite + Lactulose group finally had flatus or defecation compared with 46.24% patients in Lactulose group (p = 0.003) and the RR was 1.52 (1.17, 1.98). The abdominal girth and Inter Abdominal Pressure in Mirabilite + Lactulose group showed significantly greater decrease over a 3-day period compared with Lactulose group (4.86 vs. 3.46 cm, p = 0.027; 4.80 vs. 3.11 mmHg, p = 0.002 respectively). The pain score had greater decrease from the baseline in Mirabilite + Lactulose group than in Lactulose group (2.40 vs. 1.11; p < 0.01). Patients in the Mirabilite + Lactulose group had shorter hospital stay than the Lactulose group 12.5 (SD 3.51) versus 13.9 (SD 5.14), p = 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that external use of Mirabilite combined with Lactulose can be considered as an easy intervention to improve postoperative gastrointestinal mobility in older intensive care patients who suffer from postoperative gastrointestinal tract dysfunction after surgery. IMPACT: Our results provide a great option to alleviate the sufferings of postoperative patients. The externally use Mirabilite is a painless and safe interventions that is easy to implement by ICU nurses.


Assuntos
Motilidade Gastrointestinal , Trato Gastrointestinal , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Lactulose , Idoso , Humanos , Lactulose/uso terapêutico , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Nurs Crit Care ; 26(2): 128-134, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32325541

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to examine the characteristic, content, and role of Paediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs) in the provision of follow-up for children and their families' post-intensive care discharge in the United Kingdom (UK) and Republic of Ireland (RoI). The study followed a descriptive self-reported, web-based survey design. "In-hospital PICU follow-up" was defined as follow-up delivered by the PICU team following PICU discharge but before hospital discharge and "post-discharge PICU follow-up" was defined as follow-up delivered by the PICU team following hospital discharge. The survey was administered to all 28 PICUs in the UK and RoI. Paediatric intensive care medical directors or delegated individuals participated. Data were collected between September 2017 and January 2018 with a response rate of 79% (n = 22/28). Twelve units provided either in-hospital and/or post-discharge PICU follow-up. Ten (45%) PICUs reported providing in-hospital follow-up, with half (n = 5) using an eligibility criteria for in-hospital follow-up, which related to disease groups. The most frequently reported form of in-hospital PICU follow-up consisted of face-to-face patient consultation (n = 8) by a PICU doctor (n = 5) and/or nurse (n = 4). The time at which initial contact was made was usually not predetermined (n = 4) and the assessment of care needs included are tracheostomy care (n = 4), respiratory care (n = 4), and sedative medication weaning plan (n = 5). Four PICUs reported to provide post-discharge follow-up. This involved telephone (n = 2), follow-up clinic consultations (n = 1) or home visits (n = 1), provided predominantly by PICU doctors (n = 2), with their activity directed by patient needs (n = 3). Despite increasing evidence to suggest PICU survivors and their families experience negative sequalae post-PICU discharge, less than half of PICUs surveyed provide in-hospital follow-up and only a minority provide post-discharge follow-up. There is variation in the delivery, content, and format of in-hospital and post-discharge PICU follow-up in the UK and RoI.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Diretores Médicos/organização & administração , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Internet , Irlanda , Masculino , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sobreviventes , Reino Unido
18.
Front Pediatr ; 8: 580323, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33313025

RESUMO

Background: Parents' health-seeking behaviors has changed during the COVID-19 pandemic. Providing parents with guidance in decision making might improve their confidence to seek timely advice when a child becomes ill. The aim of this study was to evaluate the "How to recognize if your child is seriously ill" leaflet on parents' confidence, health-seeking behaviors, and usefulness during the COVID-19 lockdown. Method: A nine-item survey, codesigned with parent advisors, was used to measure confidence and health-seeking behavior. Social media was used for data collection in a 6-week period (April-June 2020) during COVID-19 lockdown in the United Kingdom. Categorical data were analyzed as frequencies, and inductive content analysis was performed with the qualitative data. Results: In total, 171 parents responded. Most parents (n = 160, 93.6%) found the leaflet helpful. The leaflet increased the confidence among 116 parents (67.8%) to recognize if their child is ill, and 156 (91.2%) parents had a better understanding of when and where to seek help. Thirty-three (19.2%) parents used the leaflet, while their child was unwell during COVID-19 lockdown, and in 14 (42%) cases, the leaflet resulted in changing health-seeking behavior for that episode. Twelve of these parents decided to seek medical consultation when they had not planned to before. Content analysis revealed three categories. (1) Knowledge-parents found the leaflet an objective source to validate their concerns. (2) Usability-parents reported that the leaflet was clearly designed. (3) Decision aid-parents commented that the leaflet provided clarification around recognition of serious symptoms and when and where to seek appropriate care. Conclusions: Our leaflet provided parents with guidance on decision making and risk assessment of ill children during COVID-19 lockdown. Parents found it helpful; it increased their confidence and positively changed their health-seeking behaviors. Providing parents with targeted information to recognize serious illness in children at home could potentially foster self-care and safely maintain a reduction in pediatric emergency attendances for self-limiting illnesses.

19.
Front Psychiatry ; 11: 565520, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33192686

RESUMO

Background: Nurses at the frontline of caring for COVID-19 patients might experience mental health challenges and supportive coping strategies are needed to reduce their stress and burnout. The aim of this study was to identify stressors and burnout among frontline nurses caring for COVID-19 patients in Wuhan and Shanghai and to explore perceived effective morale support strategies. Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in March 2020 among 110 nurses from Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, who were deployed at COVID-19 units in Wuhan and Shanghai. A COVID-19 questionnaire was adapted from the previous developed "psychological impacts of SARS" questionnaire and included stressors (31 items), coping strategies (17 items), and effective support measures (16 items). Burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results: Totally, 107 (97%) nurses responded. Participants mean age was 30.28 years and 90.7% were females. Homesickness was most frequently reported as a stressor (96.3%). Seven of the 17 items related to coping strategies were undertaken by all participants. Burnout was observed in the emotional exhaustion and depersonalization subscales, with 78.5 and 92.5% of participants presenting mild levels of burnout, respectively. However, 52 (48.6%) participants experienced a severe lack of personal accomplishment. Participants with longer working hours in COVID-19 quarantine units presented higher emotional exhaustion (OR = 2.72, 95% CI 0.02-5.42; p = 0.049) and depersonalization (OR = 1.14, 95% CI 0.10-2.19; p = 0.033). Participants with younger age experienced higher emotional exhaustion (OR = 2.96, 95% CI 0.11-5.82; p = 0.042) and less personal accomplishment (OR = 3.80, 95% CI 0.47-7.13; p = 0.033). Conclusions: Nurses in this study experienced considerable stress and the most frequently reported stressors were related to families. Nurses who were younger and those working longer shift-time tended to present higher burnout levels. Psychological support strategies need to be organized and implemented to improve mental health among nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

20.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 7: 572581, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072785

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and explore the predictors and early outcomes of post-operative delirium (POD) in patients with type A aortic dissection (AAD) during intensive care unit (ICU) stays. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 301 patients with AAD who underwent surgical treatment in our institution from January 2017 to December 2018. Results: Delirium developed in 73 patients (24.25%) during the ICU stay. Patients with lower estimated glomerular filtration rates [odds ratio (OR) 0.84, 95% CI 0.74-0.94, p = 0.003], post-operative midazolam use (OR 2.37, 95% CI 1.33-4.23, p = 0.004), and post-operative morphine use (OR 1.87, 95% CI 1.07-3.29, p = 0.029) were more susceptible to developing POD. Patients who developed POD had a longer ICU stay (11.52 vs. 7.22 days, p < 0.001) and hospital stay (23.99 vs. 18.91, p = 0.007) with higher hospitalization costs (48.82 vs. 37.66 thousand dollars, p < 0.001) than those without POD. The in-hospital mortality rate was higher in the delirium group, but the difference was not significant (6.85 vs. 4.82%, p = 0.502). Conclusions: The incidence of POD in patients with AAD was high and was associated with renal dysfunction and the use of midazolam and morphine. POD was associated with poor early outcomes, suggesting the importance of early screening, such as for renal dysfunction, and prevention by using sedation scales to minimize the use of midazolam and morphine in these patients.

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