Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 307
Filtrar
1.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 34(2): 11-36, ago. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1014545

RESUMO

Resumen: La Red de Editores de la Sociedad Europea de Cardiología (ESC, por su sigla en inglés) constituye un foro dinámico dedicado a discusiones editoriales y respalda las recomendaciones del Comité Internacional de Editores de Revistas Médicas (ICMJE, por su sigla en inglés) destinadas a mejorar la calidad científica de las revistas biomédicas. La paternidad literaria confiere crédito, además de importantes recompensas académicas. Recientemente, sin embargo, el ICMJE ha destacado que la autoría también exige que los autores sean responsables y se hagan cargo de lo que publican. Estas cuestiones ahora están cubiertas por el nuevo (cuarto) criterio para la autoría. Los autores deben aceptar hacerse responsables de lo que escriben y garantizar un adecuado enfoque de las cuestiones concernientes a la precisión e integridad de todo el trabajo. Esta revisión analiza las implicancias de este cambio de paradigma en los requisitos de autoría con el objetivo de aumentar la conciencia sobre las buenas prácticas científicas y editoriales.


Summary: The Editors´ Network of the European Society of Cardiology provides a dynamic forum for editorial discussions and endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors to improve the scientific quality of biomedical journals. Authorship confers credit and important academic rewards. Recently, however, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors emphasized that authorship also requires responsibility and accountability. These issues are now covered by the new (fourth) criterion for authorship. Authors should agree to be accountable and ensure that questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of the entire work will be appropriately addressed. This review discusses the implications of this paradigm shift on authorship requirements with the aim of increasing awareness on good scientific and editorial practices.


Resumo: A Rede de Editores da Sociedade Europeia de Cardiologia é um fórum dinâmico para discussões editoriais e apoia as recomendações do Comitê Internacional de Editores de Revistas Médicas, visando melhorar a qualidade científica das revistas biomédicas. A autoria confere crédito, além de importantes recompensas acadêmicas. Recentemente, no entanto, o Comitê Internacional de Editores de Revistas Médicas enfatizou que a autoria também requer que os autores sejam responsáveis do que escrevem e se encarreguem do que publicam. Essas questões agora estão cobertas pelo novo (quarto) critério de autoria. Os autores devem concordar em ser responsáveis e garantir que as questões relativas à precisão e integridade de todo o trabalho sejam abordadas de maneira apropriada. Esta revisão discute as implicações dessa mudança de paradigma nos requisitos de autoria, com o objetivo de aumentar a conscientização sobre as boas práticas científicas e editoriais.

2.
Arch Cardiol Mex ; 89(2): 105-111, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314006

RESUMO

The Editors' Network of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) provides a dynamic forum for editorial discussions and endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to improve the scientific quality of biomedical journals. Authorship confers credit and important academic rewards. Recently, however, the ICMJE emphasized that authorship also requires responsibility and accountability. These issues are now covered by the new -(fourth) criterion for authorship. Authors should agree to be accountable and ensure that questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of the entire work will be appropriately addressed. This review discusses the implications of this paradigm shift on authorship requirements with the aim of increasing awareness on good scientific and editorial practices.

3.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 19(1): 168, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307391

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic implication of statin in tolerance (SI) in those with stable CAD remains unclear. We hypothesized that SI is of higher prognostic significance in stable CAD patients with elevated high-sensitive cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI). METHODS: A total of 952 stable CAD patients from the prospective Hong Kong CAD study who had complete clinical data, biomarker measurements and who were prescribed statin therapy were studied. RESULTS: We identified 13 (1.4%) and 125 (13.1%) patients with complete and partial SI, respectively. At baseline, patients with SI were more likely to have diabetes mellitus and a higher hs-cTnI level, but no difference in LDL-C level compared with those without SI. After 51 months of follow-up, patients with SI had a higher mean LDL-C level than those without SI. A total of 148 (15.5%) patients developed major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Both SI (HR 1.52, 95% CI 1.06-2.19, P = 0.02) and elevated hs-cTnI (HR 3.18, 95% CI 2.07-4.89, P < 0.01) were independent predictors of a MACE in patients with stable CAD. When stratified by hs-cTnI level, SI independently predicted MACE-free survival only in those with elevated hs-cTnI (HR 1.51, 95% CI 1.01-2.24, P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: SI independently predicted MACE in patients with stable CAD and high hs-cTnI, but not in those with low hs-cTnI. Hs-cTnI may be used to stratify stable CAD patients who have SI for intensive lipid-lowering therapy using non-statin agents.

4.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 21(5): 281-286, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062751

RESUMO

The Editors´ Network of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) provides a dynamic forum for editorial discussions and endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to improve the scientific quality of biomedical journals. Authorship confers credit and important academic rewards. Recently, however, the ICMJE emphasized that authorship also requires responsibility and accountability. These issues are now covered by the new (fourth) criterion for authorship. Authors should agree to be accountable and ensure that questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of the entire work will be appropriately addressed. This review discusses the implications of this paradigm shift on authorship requirements with the aim of increasing awareness on good scientific and editorial practices.

5.
Postgrad Med J ; 95(1125): 372-377, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31123174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients who survive non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) are at heightened risk of recurrent cardiovascular events. Data on long-term secondary atherothrombotic risk stratification are limited. OBJECTIVES: To stratify post-NSTEMI patients for risk of recurrent cardiovascular events to maximise benefit from aggressive secondary prevention strategies using the TIMI Risk Score for Secondary Prevention (TRS 2°P) score in a real-world cohort of NSTEMI patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a single-centre observational study of 891 post-NSTEMI patients (73.7 ± 12.7 years; male: 54.2%). The TRS 2°P is a nine-point risk stratification tool to predict cardiovascular events in patients with established cardiovascular disease. The primary outcome was a composite endpoint of cardiovascular death, non-fatal MI and non-fatal ischaemic stroke. After a median follow-up of 31 months (IQR: 11.4 - 60.2), 281 patients (31.5%) had developed a primary outcome (13.3%/year) including 196 cardiovascular deaths, 94 non-fatal MIs and 22 non-fatal strokes. The TRS 2°P score was strongly associated with the primary outcome. The annual incidence of primary composite endpoint for patients with TRS 2°P score =0 was 1.6%, and increased progressively to 47.4% for those with a TRS 2°P score ≥6 (HR: 20.18, 95% CI: 4.85 to 84.05, p<0.001). Similar associations were also observed between the TRS 2°P score and cardiovascular death and MI (fatal and non-fatal), but not non-fatal ischaemic stroke. CONCLUSION: The TRS 2°P score stratified post-NSTEMI patients for risk of future cardiovascular events and potentially help guide the selection of more aggressive secondary prevention therapy.

6.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 108(7): 723-729, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041501

RESUMO

The Editors' Network of the European Society of Cardiology provides a dynamic forum for editorial discussions and endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to improve the scientific quality of biomedical journals. Authorship confers credit and important academic rewards. Recently, however, the ICMJE emphasized that authorship also requires responsibility and accountability. These issues are now covered by the new (fourth) criterion for authorship. Authors should agree to be accountable and ensure that questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of the entire work will be appropriately addressed. This review discusses the implications of this paradigm shift on authorship requirements with the aim of increasing awareness on good scientific and editorial practices.

7.
Basic Res Cardiol ; 114(3): 23, 2019 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30963299

RESUMO

The Editors' Network of the European Society of Cardiology provides a dynamic forum for editorial discussions and endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to improve the scientific quality of biomedical journals. Authorship confers credit and important academic rewards. Recently, however, the ICMJE emphasized that authorship also requires responsibility and accountability. These issues are now covered by the new (fourth) criterion for authorship. Authors should agree to be accountable and ensure that questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of the entire work will be appropriately addressed. This review discusses the implications of this paradigm shift on authorship requirements with the aim of increasing awareness on good scientific and editorial practices.

8.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol ; : e12651, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteogenic circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) play a pathogenic role in cardiovascular system degeneration through promulgating vasculature calcification, but its role in conduction disorders as part of the cardiovascular degenerative continuum remained unknown. AIM: To investigate the role of osteocalcin (OCN)-expressing circulating EPCs in cardiac conduction disorders in the unique clinical sample of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptible to both abnormal bone metabolism and cardiac conduction disorders. METHODS: We performed flow cytometry studies in 134 consecutive asymptomatic patients with rheumatoid arthritis to derive osteogenic circulating OCN-positive (OCN+) CD34+KDR+ vs. CD34+CD133+KDR+ conventional EPC. Study endpoint was the prespecified combined endpoint of electrocardiographic conduction abnormalities. RESULTS: Total prevalence of cardiac conduction abnormality was 9% (n = 12). All patients except one had normal sinus rhythm. One patient had atrial fibrillation. No patient had advanced atrioventricular (AV) block. Prevalence of first-degree heart block (>200 ms), widened QRS duration (>120 ms) and right bundle branch block were 6.7%, 2.1%, and 2.2% respectively. Circulating osteogenic OCN+ CD34+ KDR+ EPCs were significantly higher among patients with cardiac conduction abnormalities (p = 0.039). Elevated OCN+ CD34+ KDR+ EPCs> 75th percentile was associated with higher prevalence of cardiac conduction abnormalities (58.3% vs. 20.02%, p = 0.003). Adjusted for potential confounders, elevated OCN+ CD34+ KDR+ EPCs> 75th percentile remained independently associated with increased risk of cardiac conduction abnormalities (OR = 4.4 [95%CI 1.2-16.4], p = 0.028). No significant relation was found between conventional EPCs CD34+CD133+KDR+ and conduction abnormalities (p = 0.36). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated osteogenic OCN+ CD34+ KDR+ EPCs are independently associated with the presence of electrocardiographic conduction abnormalities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, unveiling a potential novel pathophysiological mechanism.

9.
Circ J ; 83(4): 809-817, 2019 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30799311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients who survive myocardial infarction (MI) are at risk of recurrent cardiovascular (CV) events. This study stratified post-MI patients for risk of recurrent CV events using the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Risk Score for Secondary Prevention (TRS 2°P). Methods and Results: This was an observational study that applied TRS 2°P to a consecutive cohort of post-MI patients. The primary outcome was a composite endpoint of CV death, non-fatal MI, and non-fatal ischemic stroke. A total of 1,688 post-MI patients (70.3±13.6 years; male, 63.1%) were enrolled. After a mean follow-up of 41.5±34.4 months, 405 patients (24.0%) had developed a primary outcome (9.3%/year) consisting of 278 CV deaths, 134 non-fatal MI, and 33 non-fatal strokes. TRS 2°P was strongly associated with the primary outcome. The annual incidence of primary composite endpoint for patients with TRS 2°P 0 was 1.0%, and increased progressively to 39.9% for those with TRS 2°P ≥6 (HR, 27.6; 95% CI: 9.87-77.39, P<0.001). The diagnostic sensitivity of TRS 2°P for the primary composite endpoint was 76.3% (95% CI: 72.1-80.5%). Similar associations were also observed between TRS 2°P and CV death and non-fatal MI, but not non-fatal ischemic stroke. CONCLUSIONS: TRS 2°P reliably stratified post-MI patients for risk of future CV events.

10.
Heart Rhythm ; 16(6): 896-902, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30550834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The major risk of implanting a leadless pacemaker at the right ventricular (RV) apex is cardiac perforation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe and prospectively evaluate the safety and feasibility of a technique for midseptal implantation of the Micra leadless pacemaker. METHODS: We positioned the device at the center of the cardiac silhouette in the right anterior oblique (RAO) view, toward the left in the left anterior oblique (LAO) view, and away from the sternum in the left lateral view. RESULTS: Among the 51 patients (mean age 81.3 ± 9.3 years; 47% men) included in the study, 29 (57%) were >80 years old, 7 (14%) had body mass index <20 kg/m2, 48 (94%) had renal dysfunction, and 33 (65%) had valvular heart disease. The implantation sites were mid and apical septum in 46 (90%) and 5 (10%) patients, respectively. Although RAO and LAO views suggested a septal location, 9 (17.6%) devices were found to be directing at the free wall in the left lateral view and required repositioning. One patient (2%) developed cardiac perforation due to contrast injection against the RV anterior wall before verification of sheath location by lateral view. Mean R-wave sensing and pacing threshold at implantation were 9.7 ± 4.0 mV and 0.61 ± 0.31 V/0.24 ms, respectively. After median follow-up of 218.7 days, the pacing threshold remained stable. CONCLUSION: In this high-risk patient cohort, midseptal implantation of a leadless pacemaker as guided by RAO, LAO, and left lateral views was achieved in 90% of patients, with a low risk of complications.

11.
12.
Int Heart J ; 59(4): 759-765, 2018 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29925718

RESUMO

Concomitant chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common in patients with significant valvular heart disease (VHD). This study sought to evaluate the clinical benefit of valvular surgery in patients with concomitant CKD.We evaluated 349 patients with significant VHD who were referred for surgery. Patients were divided into those with CKD stage ≥ 3 (CKD patients; n = 88) and those with CKD stage 1 or 2 (no CKD patients; n = 261). 63 patients did not receive surgery, of which 20 patients had CKD and 43 had no CKD. Mortality and change in eGFR were assessed after a median follow-up of 21 months.In the whole study population, 25% of the patients had CKD and these patients had higher mortality than those with no CKD. The annual mortality rates of patients with CKD who did and did not undergo surgery were 7.9% and 28.0%, respectively. In patients with no CKD, the annual mortality rates of those who did and did not undergo surgery were 1.8% and 2.3%, respectively. Importantly, surgery was associated with significant survival benefit in patients with CKD (log-rank test, P < 0.01), but was neutral in patients with no CKD. Multivariable analysis confirmed the survival benefit of valvular surgery in all patients, which was most significant in patients with CKD. Furthermore, eGFR was preserved in patients who underwent valvular surgery but declined significantly in those who did not.CKD is common in patients with significant VHD and, if left untreated surgically, these patients exhibit a high mortality.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/estatística & dados numéricos , Comorbidade , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Gravidade do Paciente , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida
13.
Am Heart J ; 201: 160-163, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29764671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Asymptomatic Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke Evaluation in Pacemaker Patients and the Atrial Fibrillation Reduction Atrial Pacing Trial (ASSERT) demonstrated that subclinical atrial fibrillation (SCAF) was associated with a 2.5-fold increased risk of stroke. However, the absolute stroke rate was only 1.7% per year and fewer than 20% patients with stroke had SCAF in the preceding 30 days. This raises the possibility that SCAF is merely a risk marker for stroke rather than the cause. Systematic characterization of stroke subtypes among patients with SCAF would help clarify this issue. METHODS: All ischemic strokes that occurred in the ASSERT trial were blindly adjudicated by stroke neurologists, classified as cortical versus subcortical, and subtyped using modified TOAST criteria. Stroke severity was measured using the modified Rankin Score. RESULTS: Of the 44 participants who had an ischemic stroke, 14 had SCAF before stroke. Among patients with SCAF who had stroke, 57% of strokes (n = 8) were judged to be cardioembolic, 36% to be lacunar (n = 5), and 7% (n = 1) to be large artery disease. However, of 5 patients who had SCAF detected within 30 days before their index stroke, 4 patients had a cardioembolic stroke. The average duration of SCAF in these 4 patients was 6.0 ± 6.1 h/d. The modified Rankin score at 30 days was similar between patients with (2.7 ± 2.3) and without SCAF (2.3 ± 2.0; P = .68). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with SCAF and stroke, SCAF seems probably causal in many cases; however, in more than 40%, it seems to be acting only as a risk marker.

14.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 4(2): 209-211, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29749939
15.
J Cardiol ; 72(3): 247-254, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29599099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tricuspid annuloplasty (TA) is increasingly being performed, but the clinical outcome is unsatisfactory. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication following cardiac surgery and predicts outcome. Nonetheless the occurrence rate and prognostic value of AKI after TA are unclear. METHODS: This study reviewed 339 consecutive patients (age 65±11 years; male 42%) who underwent TA. The incidence of AKI was defined according to risk/injury/failure/loss/end stage (RIFLE), acute kidney injury network (AKIN), and kidney disease improving global outcomes (KDIGO) criteria, respectively. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) was defined as death, heart failure, stroke, and myocardial infarction (MI). The influence of AKI on MACE was evaluated as a short-term outcome and outcome beyond 30 days. RESULTS: The incidence of AKI, defined according to RIFLE, AKIN, and KDIGO was 57%, 52%, and 53%, respectively. MACE occurred in 94 cases (21 deaths, 63 heart failure requiring hospitalization, 7 stroke, and 3 MI). For short-term outcome, AKI defined by all three scoring systems was independently associated with MACE and death (p<0.01 for both), but not heart failure, stroke, or MI. For outcome beyond 30 days, AKI by all three criteria was associated with MACE and heart failure. Only AKI by AKIN and KDIGO, but not RIFLE, was independently associated with death. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest AKI affects over half of all patients who undergo TA, and has a major and long-lasting impact on survival, MACE, and heart failure. Use of AKIN and KDIGO is more useful than the RIFLE criteria when determining the prognostic value of AKI for mortality beyond 30 days.

16.
Heart Rhythm ; 15(6): 822-829, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29454138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic implication of early ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTs) after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the clinical outcomes of early monomorphic and non-monomorphic VTs that occur within 48 hours in patients after ACS. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical outcomes of 2033 [mean age 67.0 ± 13.4 years; 1486 (73.1%) men] consecutive patients who presented with ACS from 2004 to 2015. RESULTS: A total of 67 (3.3%) and 90 (4.4%) patients developed early monomorphic or non-monomorphic VT, respectively. Killip class IV (odds ratio [OR] 3.05; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.47-6.36; P < .01), creatine kinase level (OR 1.01; 95% CI 1.00-1.02 per 100 IU/L; P = .01), and left ventricular ejection fraction (OR 0.96; 95% CI 0.94-0.99; P < .01) were independently associated with early monomorphic VT, whereas age (OR 0.98; 95% CI 0.97-0.99; P = .04), ST elevated myocardial infarction (OR 3.53; 95% CI 1.71-7.27; P < .01), Killip class IV (OR 4.91; 95% CI 2.76-8.74; P < .01), diabetes mellitus (OR 0.48; 95% CI 0.28-0.81; P < .01), and left ventricular ejection fraction (OR 0.97; 95% CI 0.95-0.99; P < .01) were independently associated with early non-monomorphic VT. More patients with early monomorphic VT (n = 22 [32.8%]) died in hospital than those with non-monomorphic VT (n = 16 [17.8%]) or without early VT (n = 133 [7.1%]; P < .01). After a mean follow-up of 67.8 ± 43.2 months, 21 patients with early monomorphic VT (46.7%), 22 patients with early non-monomorphic VT (29.7%), and 552 patients without early VT (31.7%) died. Both early monomorphic and non-monomorphic VTs were associated with a long-term increase in sudden arrhythmic deaths and recurrent VTs. Nevertheless, only early monomorphic VT was shown to independently predict overall survival (hazard ratio 1.62; 95% CI 1.03-2.55; P = .04). CONCLUSION: Early monomorphic VT, but not early non-monomorphic VT, independently predicted all-cause mortality in patients with ACS who survived to hospital discharge.

17.
Europace ; 19(suppl_4): iv25-iv31, 2017 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29220424

RESUMO

Aims: Low vitamin D level is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) and may be implicated in its pathogenesis. Methods and results: We studied single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of vitamin D mechanistic pathways and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels in an age- and gender-matched case-control study (controls without AF: mean age 68.6 ± 8.7 years, female 25%; n = 1019; with AF: mean age 69.7 ± 9.5 years, female 30%; n = 156) recruited from a Chinese clinical cohort of patients with stable coronary artery disease. Twelve SNPs involved in the vitamin D mechanistic pathways were studied [biosynthetic: rs4646536, rs10877012, rs3829251, rs1790349; activation: rs2060793, rs1993116; vitamin D-binding protein (VBP)/group-specific component (GC): rs4588, rs7041, rs2282679, rs1155563; and vitamin D receptor: rs1544410, rs10735810]. A genetic risk score (GRS) (0-8) was constructed from SNPs associated with serum 25(OH)D as a proxy to lifelong vitamin D-deficient state. All 4 SNPs involved in the VBP/GC were significantly associated with serum 25(OH)D (rs4588, P < 0.001; rs2282679, P < 0.001; rs7041, P = 0.011; rs1155563, P < 0.001; all other SNPs, P > 0.05). Vitamin D GRS (points 0-8) generated from these 4 SNPs was independently predictive of serum 25(OH)D [B = 0.54, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.30-0.79; P < 0.001]. Genetically deprived vitamin D status as denoted by a low GRS (0-3) independently predicted an increased risk of AF, compared to a high GRS (4-8) (odds ratio = 1.848, 95% CI 1.217-2.805; P = 0.004). Conclusion: Genetically deprived vitamin D exposure predisposes to increased AF among patients with coronary artery disease. Whether VBP/GC may alter the risk of AF via alternative mechanisms warrants further studies.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Deficiência de Vitamina D/genética , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/diagnóstico
18.
Hosp Pract (1995) ; 45(5): 209-214, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28952403

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is common in patients referred for cardiac assessment. Nonetheless, current estimates of its prevalence and contributing factors are limited. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and demographics of TR in patients referred for echocardiography assessment at two University-affiliated hospitals. METHODS: A total of 6711 consecutive Chinese patients were recruited as part of the Chinese Valvular Heart Disease Study (CVATS). RESULTS: The most common valvular lesion was TR (54.7%), followed by mitral regurgitation (44.7%) and aortic regurgitation (26.5%). Clinically significant (moderate or severe) TR was identified in 8.4% with the proportion increased from 3.9% amongst those aged <51 to 15.9% in those aged ≥81. Multivariable adjustment demonstrated that significant TR was associated with age, congenital heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, left-sided valvular heart disease (VHD), impaired left ventricular ejection fraction <50%, atrial fibrillation and pulmonary hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: Among all types of VHD, TR was the most common and was identified in over half of the subjects and clinically significant in 8.4%. These unique data provide contemporary clinical and epidemiological characteristics of TR in a large cohort of patients referred for cardiac assessment and confirm the increased burden of TR in the aged population.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperlipidemias/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/classificação , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 17(1): 233, 2017 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28836952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether PR prolongation independently predicts new-onset ischemic events of myocardial infarction and stroke was unclear. Underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of PR prolongation leading to adverse cardiovascular events were poorly understood. We investigated the role of PR prolongation in pathophysiologically-related adverse cardiovascular events and underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We prospectively investigated 597 high-risk cardiovascular outpatients (mean age 66 ± 11 yrs.; male 67%; coronary disease 55%, stroke 22%, diabetes 52%) for new-onset ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), congestive heart failure (CHF), and cardiovascular death. Vascular phenotype was determined by carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). RESULTS: PR prolongation >200 ms was present in 79 patients (13%) at baseline. PR prolongation >200 ms was associated with significantly higher mean carotid IMT (1.05 ± 0.37 mm vs 0.94 ± 0.28 mm, P = 0.010). After mean study period of 63 ± 11 months, increased PR interval significantly predicted new-onset ischemic stroke (P = 0.006), CHF (P = 0.040), cardiovascular death (P < 0.001), and combined cardiovascular endpoints (P < 0.001) at cut-off >200 ms. Using multivariable Cox regression, PR prolongation >200 ms independently predicted new-onset ischemic stroke (HR 8.6, 95% CI: 1.9-37.8, P = 0.005), cardiovascular death (HR 14.1, 95% CI: 3.8-51.4, P < 0.001) and combined cardiovascular endpoints (HR 2.4, 95% CI: 1.30-4.43, P = 0.005). PR interval predicts new-onset MI at the exploratory cut-off >162 ms (C-statistic 0.70, P = 0.001; HR: 8.0, 95% CI: 1.65-38.85, P = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: PR prolongation strongly predicts new-onset ischemic stroke, MI, cardiovascular death, and combined cardiovascular endpoint including CHF in coronary patients or risk equivalent. Adverse vascular function may implicate an intermediate pathophysiological phenotype or mediating mechanism.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Bloqueio Cardíaco/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Potenciais de Ação , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/mortalidade , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Causas de Morte , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Bloqueio Cardíaco/diagnóstico , Bloqueio Cardíaco/mortalidade , Bloqueio Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo
20.
J Arrhythm ; 33(4): 330-332, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28765766

RESUMO

Ictal asystole due to sinus node suppression is a cause of sudden unexplained death in epilepsy. Here, for the first time, we describe a complete atrioventricular nodal block in a patient with non-compressive traumatic subdural hematoma, who developed ictal asystole as a delayed presentation. A leadless VVI pacemaker (ventricular paced, ventricular sensed, and pacing inhibited in response to a sensed beat) was implanted as a preventive measure against seizure-related heart block.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA