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1.
J Clin Neuromuscul Dis ; 19(1): 19-26, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28827485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the pattern and extent of muscle weakness and impact on physical functioning in adults with GNEM. METHODS: Strength and function were assessed in GNEM subjects (n = 47) using hand-held dynamometry, manual muscle testing, upper and lower extremity functional capacity tests, and the GNEM-Functional Activity Scale (GNEM-FAS). RESULTS: Profound upper and lower muscle weakness was measured using hand-held dynamometry in a characteristic pattern, previously described. Functional tests and clinician-reported outcomes demonstrated the consequence of muscle weakness on physical functioning. CONCLUSIONS: The characteristic pattern of upper and lower muscle weakness associated with GNEM and the resulting functional limitations can be reliably measured using these clinical outcome assessments of muscle strength and function.


Assuntos
Força Muscular/genética , Debilidade Muscular/etiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Miosite de Corpos de Inclusão/congênito , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividade Motora/genética , Miosite de Corpos de Inclusão/complicações , Miosite de Corpos de Inclusão/genética , Ácido N-Acetilneuramínico/genética , Adulto Jovem
2.
Radiology ; 277(2): 546-54, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26035587

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine whether quantitative differences in shear-wave velocity (SWV) exist between normal skeletal muscle and those affected by GNE-related myopathy and to examine the effects of muscle anisotropy, depth, and axial preload on SWV in a healthy control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by the institutional review board and compliant with HIPAA. Informed consent was obtained from all study volunteers. Eight patients (four women and four men aged 30-50 years) with genetically and biopsy-proved GNE-related myopathy and five healthy volunteers (three women and two men aged 27-33 years) underwent SWV imaging with use of a 9-MHz linear transducer. The gastrocnemius muscles were evaluated in the patients with GNE-related myopathy, and the gastrocnemius, vastus lateralis, and rectus femoris muscles were evaluated in the healthy cohort. The effect of muscle anisotropy, axial preload, and sample volume depth were examined in the healthy cohort. The effect of anisotropy at a fixed depth and preload were examined in the patients with GNE-related myopathy. RESULTS: Irrespective of the muscle, the mean SWV was significantly higher with the transverse orientation than with the longitudinal orientation (P < .001). In the healthy cohort, the mean SWV for superficial measurements was significantly lower than that for deep measurements (P < .02). The mean SWV with preload was significantly higher with compression (P < .001) for the rectus femoris only. The mean SWV was significantly lower in patients with GNE-related myopathy than in control subjects (P < .02). CONCLUSION: SWV parametric imaging may provide a useful quantitative adjunct in the assessment of disease activity in patients with GNE-related myopathy. There is diminished SWV and muscle anisotropy in GNE-related myopathy.


Assuntos
Miopatias Distais/diagnóstico por imagem , Miopatias Distais/genética , Complexos Multienzimáticos/genética , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Miopatias Distais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Mutação/genética , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Ultrassonografia
3.
Mol Genet Metab ; 114(2): 178-85, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25284089

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report and discuss the multi-domain impact of elosulfase alfa, with focus on tertiary and composite endpoints, in the 24-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial in patients with Morquio A syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis IVA). METHODS: Patients with Morquio A syndrome aged ≥5 years were randomized 1:1:1 to elosulfase alfa 2.0mg/kg/week (qw; N=58), elosulfase alfa 2.0mg/kg/every other week (qow; N=59), or placebo (N=59) for 24 weeks. Primary and secondary efficacy measures were 6-minute walk test (6MWT; primary), 3-minute stair climb test (3-MSCT) and urinary keratan sulfate (KS). Safety was also evaluated. Tertiary efficacy measures included respiratory function measures, activities of daily living (MPS Health Assessment Questionnaire [MPS-HAQ]), anthropometric, echocardiographic and radiographic measures, hearing and corneal clouding assessment. In order to fully characterize treatment impact in this heterogeneous disorder, the effect of elosulfase alfa on composite efficacy measures was evaluated as well. RESULTS: The study was not designed to have sufficient power for any of the tertiary outcomes. For most tertiary endpoints, subjects treated with the weekly dose of elosulfase alfa improved more than those receiving placebo. The largest treatment effects were seen in maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV), MPS-HAQ, height, and growth rate. The qow group appeared similar to placebo. The analysis of a pre-specified composite endpoint (combining changes from baseline in 6MWT, 3MSCT and MVV z-scores equally weighted) showed a modest positive impact of elosulfase alfa qw versus placebo group (P=0.053). As a pre-specified supportive analysis, the O'Brien Rank Sum composite endpoint (changes from baseline in 6MWT, 3MSC, and MVV), analysis also showed that the qw group performed better than the placebo group (P=0.011). In post-hoc analyses, combinations of other endpoints were also explored using the O'Brien Rank Sum test and showed statistically significant differences between elosulfase alfa qw and placebo favoring elosulfase alfa qw. Differences between elosulfase alfa qow and placebo were not statistically significant. Positive changes were observed in most tertiary variables, demonstrating the efficacy of weekly treatment with elosulfase alfa. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with weekly elosulfase alfa led to improvements across most efficacy measures, resulting in clinically meaningful benefits in a heterogeneous study population.


Assuntos
Condroitina Sulfatases/uso terapêutico , Terapia de Reposição de Enzimas , Mucopolissacaridose IV/tratamento farmacológico , Atividades Cotidianas , Adolescente , Adulto , Estatura/efeitos dos fármacos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Condroitina Sulfatases/administração & dosagem , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Ventilação Voluntária Máxima , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucopolissacaridose IV/fisiopatologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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