Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 5 de 5
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 17990, 2017 12 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29269773

RESUMO

Chagas disease, caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is endemic in Latin America. Its acute phase is associated with high parasitism, myocarditis and profound myocardial gene expression changes. A chronic phase ensues where 30% develop severe heart lesions. Mouse models of T. cruzi infection have been used to study heart damage in Chagas disease. The aim of this study was to provide an interactome between miRNAs and their targetome in Chagas heart disease by integrating gene and microRNA expression profiling data from hearts of T. cruzi infected mice. Gene expression profiling revealed enrichment in biological processes and pathways associated with immune response and metabolism. Pathways, functional and upstream regulator analysis of the intersections between predicted targets of differentially expressed microRNAs and differentially expressed mRNAs revealed enrichment in biological processes and pathways such as IFNγ, TNFα, NF-kB signaling signatures, CTL-mediated apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and Nrf2-modulated antioxidative responses. We also observed enrichment in other key heart disease-related processes like myocarditis, fibrosis, hypertrophy and arrhythmia. Our correlation study suggests that miRNAs may be implicated in the pathophysiological processes taking place the hearts of acutely T. cruzi-infected mice.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Trypanosoma cruzi/metabolismo , Animais , Doença de Chagas/imunologia , Doença de Chagas/patologia , Feminino , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
2.
Clin Infect Dis ; 65(7): 1103-1111, 2017 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28575239

RESUMO

Background: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is endemic in Latin America and affects 10 million people worldwide. Approximately 12000 deaths attributable to Chagas disease occur annually due to chronic Chagas disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), an inflammatory cardiomyopathy presenting with heart failure and arrythmia; 30% of infected subjects develop CCC years after infection. Genetic mechanisms play a role in differential progression to CCC, but little is known about the role of epigenetic modifications in pathological gene expression patterns in CCC patients' myocardium. DNA methylation is the most common modification in the mammalian genome. Methods: We investigated the impact of genome-wide cardiac DNA methylation on global gene expression in myocardial samples from end-stage CCC patients, compared to control samples from organ donors. Results: In total, 4720 genes were differentially methylated between CCC patients and controls, of which 399 were also differentially expressed. Several of them were related to heart function or to the immune response and had methylation sites in their promoter region. Reporter gene and in silico transcription factor binding analyses indicated promoter methylation modified expression of key genes. Among those, we found potassium channel genes KCNA4 and KCNIP4, involved in electrical conduction and arrythmia, SMOC2, involved in matrix remodeling, as well as enkephalin and RUNX3, potentially involved in the increased T-helper 1 cytokine-mediated inflammatory damage in heart. Conclusions: Results support that DNA methylation plays a role in the regulation of expression of pathogenically relevant genes in CCC myocardium, and identify novel potential disease pathways and therapeutic targets in CCC.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Doença de Chagas/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/parasitologia , Doença de Chagas/parasitologia , Doença Crônica , Impressões Digitais de DNA/métodos , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/genética , Coração/parasitologia , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/parasitologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Trypanosoma cruzi/patogenicidade , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Infect Dis ; 214(1): 161-5, 2016 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26951817

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) modulate gene expression at the epigenetic, transcriptional, and posttranscriptional levels. Dysregulation of the lncRNA known as myocardial infarction-associated transcript (MIAT) has been associated with myocardial infarction. Chagas disease causes a severe inflammatory dilated chronic cardiomyopathy (CCC). We investigated the role of MIAT in CCC. A whole-transcriptome analysis of heart biopsy specimens and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples revealed that MIAT was overexpressed in patients with CCC, compared with subjects with noninflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy and controls. These results were confirmed in a mouse model. Results suggest that MIAT is a specific biomarker of CCC.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/complicações , Doença de Chagas/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Doença de Chagas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Fatores de Transcrição
4.
Cytokine ; 73(1): 79-83, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25743241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic Chagas Disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), a life-threatening inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy, affects 30% of the approximately 8 million patients infected by Trypanosoma cruzi, the rest of the infected subjects remaining asymptomatic (ASY). The Th1 T cell-rich myocarditis plays a pivotal role in CCC pathogenesis. Local expression of IL-18 in CCC myocardial tissue has recently been described. IL-18 could potentially amplify the process by inducing increased expression of IFN-γ which in turn can increase the production of IL-18, thereby creating a positive feedback mechanism. In order to assess the contribution of the IL-18 to susceptibility to Chronic Chagas Disease, we investigated the association between a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the IL-18 gene with the risk of developing Chagas cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the rs2043055 marker in the IL18 gene in a cohort of Chagas disease cardiomyopathy patients (n=849) and asymptomatic subjects (n=202). We found a significant difference in genotype frequencies among moderate and severe CCC patients with ventricular dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis suggests that the IL18 rs2043055 polymorphism- or a SNP in tight linkage disequilibrium with it- may contribute to modulating the Chagas cardiomyopathy outcome.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Interleucina-18/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Volume Sistólico
5.
Cytokine ; 73: 79-83, 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-31265

RESUMO

Background: Chronic Chagas Disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), a life-threatening inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy,affects 30% of the approximately 8 million patients infected by Trypanosoma cruzi, the restof the infected subjects remaining asymptomatic (ASY). The Th1 T cell-rich myocarditis plays a pivotalrole in CCC pathogenesis. Local expression of IL-18 in CCC myocardial tissue has recently been described.IL-18 could potentially amplify the process by inducing increased expression of IFN-c which in turn canincrease the production of IL-18, thereby creating a positive feedback mechanism. In order to assess thecontribution of the IL-18 to susceptibility to Chronic Chagas Disease, we investigated the associationbetween a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the IL-18 gene with the risk of developingChagas cardiomyopathy.Methods and results: We analyzed the rs2043055 marker in the IL18 gene in a cohort of Chagas diseasecardiomyopathy patients (n = 849) and asymptomatic subjects (n = 202). We found a significant differencein genotype frequencies among moderate and severe CCC patients with ventricular dysfunction.Conclusions: Our analysis suggests that the IL18 rs2043055 polymorphism- or a SNP in tight linkagedisequilibrium with it- may contribute to modulating the Chagas cardiomyopathy outcome. (AU)


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas , Miocardite , Disfunção Ventricular
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA