Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 24
Filtrar
1.
Transplant Proc ; 53(7): 2335-2338, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reconstructing the hepatic artery in living donor liver transplantation presents the challenges of a short and small donor vessel stump, which is compounded by poor surgical access for microsurgical anastomosis. Arterial interpositional grafts (eg, the radial artery) have been used to overcome these problems. The purpose of this presentation is to describe the use of the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery (DLCFA) as an alternative when the patient has had an abnormal Allen's test precluding the use of the radial artery or if a Y-graft is needed. METHODS: The DLCFA resides in the septum between the rectus femoris and vastus lateralis muscles. A linear incision made over the proximal third of this septum exposed the avascular plane in which the vessel resides. A graft exceeding 10 cm could be harvested with diameters ranging between ≤2 and 7 mm. There were several muscular branches emanating from the profunda femoris artery system that could be dissected to the required length for a Y-shaped graft. Three cases of living donor liver transplantation using the DLCFA (straight and Y grafts) are described. RESULTS: After DLCFA interpositional grafting, all patients had normal resistive indices on duplex ultrasonography of the intrahepatic arterial system. Follow-up of the 3 patients was between 2 and 6 months. There was no donor site morbidity. CONCLUSIONS: The DLCFA graft was a useful arterial graft for hepatic artery reconstruction. It was easily harvested with minimal donor site morbidity.

2.
J Radiol Case Rep ; 15(3): 9-18, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267866

RESUMO

Schwannomas of the prostate are a rare entity and usually diagnosed incidentally following surgical management of presumed benign prostate hyperplasia or prostate adenocarcinoma. We present a case of sporadic periprostatic schwannoma diagnosed in conjunction with multifocal prostate adenocarcinoma on pre-operative multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Linfadenopatia/diagnóstico , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
Urology ; 155: 46, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34186128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the key steps to perform robot-assisted magnetic resonance imaging-ultrasound fusion transperineal prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men with suspicion of prostate cancer underwent 3-Tesla multi-parametric MRI and were assigned a Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System v2 score (PI-RADS). The prostate outline and suspicious lesions were marked by our radiologist using our software to produce a 3-dimensional prostate MRI model. All biopsies were performed under general anaesthesia and the real-time transrectal ultrasound model is created and subsequently fused with the MRI model using non-rigid software fusion. Transperineal targeted and systematic biopsy were then performed under stereotactic guidance using our robot-assisted prostate biopsy platform. Our clinically significant prostate cancer (Grade group ≥2) detection rates were previously described.1 RESULTS: Out of the 433 patients who underwent targeted and systematic biopsy, clinically-significant cancer detection rate was 46% (85% for PI- RADS 5 vs 38% for PI-RADS 4 vs 16% for PI-RADS 3; P < .001). Our overall complication rate was 13%, out of which the majority were Clavien-Dindo I (99%). The most common complications encountered were urinary retention (10%) and significant gross hematuria requiring bladder irrigation (2%). A higher prostate volume was associated with greater odds of urinary retention (OR 1.4, 95% CI: 1.21-1.65, P < .001 for every 10 mL increase in prostate volume). There was only 1 reported case of mild urinary tract infection. CONCLUSION: Robot-assisted transperineal prostate biopsy has established itself as a reliable and accurate method of prostate cancer detection with minimal morbidity.

4.
Urol Oncol ; 39(11): 782.e15-782.e21, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888423

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinically-significant prostate cancer (csCaP) detection rate of systematic (SBx) vs. targeted biopsy (TBx), after accounting for the overlapping systematic cores within the MRI regions of interest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 398 consecutive men who underwent both transperineal systematic and targeted biopsy between January 2015 to January 2019. We reclassified overlapping systematic cores in the MRI regions of interest as target cores. The detection rates of SBx and TBx were compared using McNemar's test. RESULTS: Detection rate of csCaP (grade group ≥2) was 42% (168/398). Median number of systematic and targeted cores were 23 (IQR 19-29) and 9 (IQR 6-12) respectively. A median of 3 (IQR 2-4) overlapping systematic cores were reclassified as targeted cores. After accounting for overlap, csPC detection rate on SBx decreased from 37% and 21% while the csCaP detection rate of TBx increased from 34% to 39% (both P < 0.001), with TBx having a better detection rate (39% vs. 21%, P < 0.001). A previous negative biopsy was associated with a lower risk of having csCaP on non-targeted SBx (OR 0.27, 95% CI: 0.12 - 0.58, P = 0.001). Only 5% (13/243) of those who had no cancer detected on TBx had csCaP on non-targeted SBx compared to 45% (70/155) of those who had csCaP on TBx (P< 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The utility of SBx in detecting csCaP decreases after accounting for overlap into the MRI region of interest, especially in men with a prior negative biopsy. Overlapping systematic cores improve the csCaP detection rate on TBx.

5.
Urol Oncol ; 39(11): 783.e1-783.e10, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775528

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Several multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI)-based models have been developed with significant improvements in diagnostic accuracy for clinically significant prostate cancer (csCaP), but lack proper external validation. We therefore sought to externally validate and compare all published mpMRI-based csCaP risk prediction models in an independent Asian population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 449 men undergoing combined transperineal fusion-targeted/systematic prostate biopsy at our specialist center between 2015 to 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. csCaP was defined as lesions with ISUP (International Society of Urological Pathology) grade group ≥2. The performance of 6 mpMRI-based risk models (MRI-ERSPC-3/4, Distler, Radtke, Mehralivand, van Leeuwen and He) were evaluated in terms of discrimination, calibration and clinical utility, using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), calibration curves and decision curve analyses. RESULTS: A total of 202 (45%) subjects were diagnosed with csCaP. All models demonstrated excellent accuracy with AUCs ranging from 0.75 to 0.86, and most significantly outperformed mpMRI PIRADSv2.0 (Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2.0) alone. The models by Mehralivand and He showed good calibration to our validation population, with respective intercepts of -0.08 and -0.84. All models were nevertheless recalibrated to the csCaP prevalence in our population for analysis. Decision curve analysis showed that above a threshold probability of 10%, all mpMRI-based models demonstrated superior net benefit compared to mpMRI PIRADSv2.0 or a biopsy-all-men strategy. The van Leeuwen model had the greatest net benefit, avoiding 39% of unnecessary biopsies while missing only 4% of csCaP, at a threshold probability of 15%. CONCLUSIONS: The mpMRI-based risk models demonstrate excellent discrimination and clinical utility and are easy to apply in practice, suggesting that individualized risk-based approaches can be considered over mpMRI alone to avoid unnecessary biopsies.

6.
BJU Int ; 128(2): 178-186, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of intralesional heterogeneity on the performance of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in determining cancer extent and treatment margins for focal therapy (FT) of prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified men who underwent primary radical prostatectomy for organ- confined prostate cancer over a 3-year period. Cancer foci on whole-mount histology were marked out, coding low-grade (LG; Gleason 3) and high-grade (HG; Gleason 4-5) components separately. Measurements of entire tumours were grouped according to intralesional proportion of HG cancer: 0%, <50% and ≥50%; the readings were corrected for specimen shrinkage and correlated with matching lesions on mpMRI. Separate measurements were also taken of HG cancer components only, and correlated against entire lesions on mpMRI. Size discrepancies were used to derive the optimal tumour size and treatment margins for FT. RESULTS: There were 122 MRI-detected cancer lesions in 70 men. The mean linear specimen shrinkage was 8.4%. The overall correlation between histology and MRI dimensions was r = 0.79 (P < 0.001). Size correlation was superior for tumours with high burden (≥50%) compared to low burden (<50%) of HG cancer (r = 0.84 vs r = 0.63; P = 0.007). Size underestimation by mpMRI was more likely for larger tumours (51% for >12 mm vs 26% for ≤12 mm) and those containing HG cancer (44%, vs 20% for LG only). Size discrepancy analysis suggests an optimal tumour size of ≤12 mm and treatment margins of 5-6 mm for FT. For tumours ≤12 mm in diameter, applying 5- and 6-mm treatment margins would achieve 98.6% and 100% complete tumour ablation, respectively. For tumours of all sizes, using the same margins would ablate >95% of the HG cancer components. CONCLUSIONS: Multiparametric MRI performance in estimating prostate cancer size, and consequently the treatment margin for FT, is impacted by tumour size and the intralesional heterogeneity of cancer grades.

7.
Acad Radiol ; 28(2): 199-207, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143993

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: The Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADSv2) published a set of minimum technical standards (MTS) to improve image quality and reduce variability in multiparametric prostate MRI. The effect of PIRADSv2 MTS on image quality has not been validated. We aimed to determine whether adherence to PI-RADSv2 MTS improves study adequacy and perceived quality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-two prostate MRI examinations including T2 weighted (T2W) and diffusion weighted image (DWI) consecutively referred to our center from 62 different institutions within a 12-month period (September 2017 to September 2018) were included. Six readers assessed images as adequate or inadequate for use in PCa detection and a numerical image quality ranking was given using a 1-5 scale. The PI-RADSv2 MTS were synthesized into sets of seven and 10 rules for T2W and DWI, respectively. Image adherence was assessed using Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) metadata. Statistical analysis of survey results and image adherence was performed based on reader quality scoring (Kendall Rank tau-b) and reader adequate scoring (Wilcoxon test for association) for T2 and DWI quality assessment. RESULTS: Out of 62 images, 52 (83%) T2W and 38 (61%) DWIs were rated to be adequate by a majority of readers. Reader adequacy scores showed no significant association with adherence to PI-RADSv2. There was a weak (tau-b = 0.22) but significant (p value = 0.01) correlation between adherence to PIRADSv2 MTS and image quality for T2W. Studies following all PI-RADSv2 T2W rules achieved a higher median average quality score (3.58 for 7/7 vs. 3.0 for <7/7, p = 0.012). No statistical relationship with PI-RADSv2 MTS adherence and DWI quality was found. CONCLUSION: Among 62 sites performing prostate MRI, few were considered of high quality, but the majority were considered adequate. DWI showed considerably lower rates of adequate studies in the sample. Adherence to PI-RADSv2 MTS did not increase the likelihood of having a qualitatively adequate T2W or DWI.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias da Próstata , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Padrões de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 215(4): 903-912, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32755355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate in a multicenter dataset the performance of an artificial intelligence (AI) detection system with attention mapping compared with multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) interpretation in the detection of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS. MRI examinations from five institutions were included in this study and were evaluated by nine readers. In the first round, readers evaluated mpMRI studies using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2. After 4 weeks, images were again presented to readers along with the AI-based detection system output. Readers accepted or rejected lesions within four AI-generated attention map boxes. Additional lesions outside of boxes were excluded from detection and categorization. The performances of readers using the mpMRI-only and AI-assisted approaches were compared. RESULTS. The study population included 152 case patients and 84 control patients with 274 pathologically proven cancer lesions. The lesion-based AUC was 74.9% for MRI and 77.5% for AI with no significant difference (p = 0.095). The sensitivity for overall detection of cancer lesions was higher for AI than for mpMRI but did not reach statistical significance (57.4% vs 53.6%, p = 0.073). However, for transition zone lesions, sensitivity was higher for AI than for MRI (61.8% vs 50.8%, p = 0.001). Reading time was longer for AI than for MRI (4.66 vs 4.03 minutes, p < 0.001). There was moderate interreader agreement for AI and MRI with no significant difference (58.7% vs 58.5%, p = 0.966). CONCLUSION. Overall sensitivity was only minimally improved by use of the AI system. Significant improvement was achieved, however, in the detection of transition zone lesions with use of the AI system at the cost of a mean of 40 seconds of additional reading time.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Inteligência Artificial , Diagnóstico por Computador , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Algoritmos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
9.
BJU Int ; 126(5): 568-576, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438463

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the detection rates of prostate cancer between systematic biopsy and targeted biopsy using a stereotactic robot-assisted transperineal prostate platform. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified consecutive patients with suspicious lesion(s) on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), who underwent both systematic and MRI-transrectal ultrasonography (US) fusion targeted biopsy using our proprietary transperineal robot-assisted prostate biopsy platform between January 2015 and January 2019 at our institution, for retrospective analysis. Comparative analysis was performed between systematic and targeted biopsy using McNemar's test, and the cohort was further stratified by prior biopsy status and Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) v2.0 score. International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade group (GG) ≥2 cancers (previously known as Gleason grade ≥7) were considered to be clinically significant. RESULTS: A total of 500 patients were included in our final analysis, of whom 67 (13%) were patients with low-risk cancer on active surveillance. Of the 433 patients without prior diagnosis of cancer, 288 (67%) were biopsy-naïve. A total of 248 (57%) were diagnosed with prostate cancer, with 199 (46%) having clinically significant prostate cancer (ISUP GG ≥2). There were no statistically significant differences in the overall prostate cancer and clinically significant prostate cancer detection rate between systematic and targeted biopsy (51% vs 49% and 40% vs 38% respectively; P = 0.306 and P = 0.609). Of the 248 prostate cancers detected, 75% (187/248) were detected on both systematic and targeted biopsy, 14% (35/248) were detected on systematic biopsy alone and 11% (26/248) were detected on targeted biopsy alone. Of the 199 clinically significant cancers detected, 69% (138/199) were detected on both systematic and targeted biopsy, 17% (33/199) on systematic biopsy alone and 14% (28/199) on targeted biopsy alone. There were no statistically significant differences in the detection rate between systematic and targeted biopsy for both overall and clinically significant prostate cancer, even when the cohort was stratified by prior biopsy status and PI-RADS score. Targeted biopsy has greater sampling efficiency compared to systematic biopsy for both overall and clinically significant prostate cancer (23.2% vs 9.8%, P < 0.001 and 14.8% vs 5.6%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Using our robot-assisted transperineal prostate platform, combined MRI-US targeted biopsy with concurrent systematic prostate systematic biopsy probably represents the optimal method for the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica/métodos , Próstata , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Idoso , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/patologia , Próstata/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
J Robot Surg ; 14(5): 767-772, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052276

RESUMO

This IRB-approved prospective pilot study evaluates the safety and feasibility of performing stereotactic robot-assisted transperineal MRI-US fusion targeted prostate biopsy under local anaesthesia (LA) with sedation. 30 patients who underwent robotic transperineal prostate biopsy between September 2017 and June 2018 were recruited. All biopsies were performed with the iSR'obot Mona Lisa® and BK3000 ultrasound system. Intravenous paracetamol 1 g, with midazolam and fentanyl were given at positioning. After administration of 5 mL of 1%-lidocaine into the perineal skin 2 cm above and lateral to the anus, periapical prostatic block with 10 mL mixture of 1%-Lidocaine and 0.5%-Marcaine was given. The median age of patients was 66 years (range 53-80 years). Median PSA and mean prostate volume were 8.1 ng/ml (range 4.2-20.6 ng/ml) and 40.1 cc (range 18.6-70 cc). 24 (80.0%) patients had targeted prostate biopsy, with median number of targeted cores of 8 (range 5-16). All patients had saturation biopsy and median number of saturation cores was 21 (range 9-48). Mean dose of intravenous midazolam given was 1.5 mg (range 0-5 mg) and intravenous fentanyl was 75 mcg (10-150 mcg). No patient required conversion to GA. Two patients required motion compensation of 3 mm and 7.5 mm, respectively, due minor movement. Immediate post-operative pain score was 0 for all patients. 29 of 30 patients (96.7%) were discharged within 24 h of procedure. There were no immediate severe complications. Adenocarcinoma was detected in 19/30 (63.3%) cases. This pilot feasibility study showed that stereotactic robotic transperineal MRI-US fusion targeted prostate biopsy can be safely and accurately performed under LA with sedation.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Anestesia Local , Sedação Consciente , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Próstata/patologia , Próstata/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Técnicas Estereotáxicas , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto
11.
Asian J Urol ; 6(3): 256-263, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297317

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) using Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2.0 (PI-RADSv2) definitions in detecting organ-confined prostate cancer. Methods: All patients who underwent radical prostatectomy between January 1, 2014 and December 30, 2014 were identified. All underwent mp-MRI within 180 days before surgery. Those with prior pelvic irradiation or androgen deprivation therapy were excluded. Fully embedded, whole-mount histopathology was centrally reviewed and correlated with imaging for tumour location, Gleason score (GS) and stage. Results: There were 39 patients included, of which 35 (90%) had mp-MRI done post-biopsy. A total of 93 cancer foci were identified on whole-mount pathology, of which mp-MRI detected 63 (68%). Of those detected by mp-MRI, 14 were PI-RADS 3 (n = 6 for GS 6, n = 8 for GS 7, no GS ≥ 8) and 49 were PI-RADS 4-5 (n = 7 for GS 6, n = 33 for GS 7, and n = 9 for GS ≥ 8). There were 30 (32%) cancer foci missed by mp-MRI (n = 15 for GS 6, n = 13 for GS 7 and n = 2 for GS ≥ 8). A lesion classified as PI-RADS 4-5 predicted a higher grade cancer on pathology as compared to PI-RADS 3 (for GS 7 lesions, odds ratio [OR] = 3.53, 95% CI: 0.93-13.45, p = 0.064). The mp-MRI size detection limit was 20 mm2 and 100 mm2 for 50% and 75% probability of cancer, respectively. In associating with radiological and pathologic stage, the weighted Kappa value was 0.69 (p < 0.0001). The sensitivity and positive predictive values for this study were 68% (95% CI: 57%-77%) and 78% (95% CI: 67%-86%), respectively. Conclusion: In this predominantly post-biopsy cohort, mp-MRI using PI-RADSv2 reporting has a reasonably high diagnostic accuracy in detecting clinically significant prostate cancer.

12.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; : 1-8, 2019 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30917023

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate agreement among radiologists in detecting and assessing prostate cancer at multiparametric MRI using Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADSv2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Treatment-naïve patients underwent 3-T multipara-metric MRI between April 2012 and June 2015. Among the 163 patients evaluated, 110 underwent prostatectomy after MRI and 53 had normal MRI findings and transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy results. Nine radiologists participated (three each with high, intermediate, and low levels of experience). Readers interpreted images of 58 patients on average (range, 56-60) using PI-RADSv2. Prostatectomy specimens registered to MRI were ground truth. Interob-server agreement was evaluated with the index of specific agreement for lesion detection and kappa and proportion of agreement for PI-RADS category assignment. RESULTS: The radiologists detected 336 lesions. Sensitivity for index lesions was 80.9% (95% CI, 75.1-85.9%), comparable across reader experience (p = 0.392). Patient-level specificity was experience dependent; highly experienced readers had 84.0% specificity versus 55.2% for all others (p < 0.001). Interobserver agreement was excellent for detecting index lesions (index of specific agreement, 0.871; 95% CI, 0.798-0.923). Agreement on PI-RADSv2 category assignment of index lesions was moderate (κ = 0.419; 95% CI, 0.238-0.595). For individual category assignments, proportion of agreement was slight for PI-RADS category 3 (0.208; 95% CI, 0.086-0.284) but substantial for PI-RADS category 4 (0.674; 95% CI, 0.540-0.776). However, proportion of agreement for T2-weighted PI-RADS 4 in the transition zone was 0.250 (95% CI, 0.108-0.372). Proportion of agreement for category assignment of index lesions on dynamic contrast-enhanced MR images was 0.822 (95% CI, 0.728-0.903), on T2-weighted MR images was 0.515 (95% CI, 0.430-0623), and on DW images was 0.586 (95% CI, 0.495-0.682). Proportion of agreement for dominant lesion was excellent (0.828; 95% CI, 0.742-0.913). CONCLUSION: Radiologists across experience levels had excellent agreement for detecting index lesions and moderate agreement for category assignment of lesions using PI-RADS. Future iterations of PI-RADS should clarify PI-RADS 3 and PI-RADS 4 in the transition zone.

13.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 49(6): 1694-1703, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30575184

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADSv2) has been in use since 2015; while interreader reproducibility has been studied, there has been a paucity of studies investigating the intrareader reproducibility of PI-RADSv2. PURPOSE: To evaluate both intra- and interreader reproducibility of PI-RADSv2 in the assessment of intraprostatic lesions using multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI). STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION/SUBJECTS: In all, 102 consecutive biopsy-naïve patients who underwent prostate MRI and subsequent MR/transrectal ultrasonography (MR/TRUS)-guided biopsy. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCES: Prostate mpMRI at 3T using endorectal with phased array surface coils (TW MRI, DW MRI with ADC maps and b2000 DW MRI, DCE MRI). ASSESSMENT: Previously detected and biopsied lesions were scored by four readers from four different institutions using PI-RADSv2. Readers scored lesions during two readout rounds with a 4-week washout period. STATISTICAL TESTS: Kappa (κ) statistics and specific agreement (Po ) were calculated to quantify intra- and interreader reproducibility of PI-RADSv2 scoring. Lesion measurement agreement was calculated using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: Overall intrareader reproducibility was moderate to substantial (κ = 0.43-0.67, Po = 0.60-0.77), while overall interreader reproducibility was poor to moderate (κ = 0.24, Po = 46). Readers with more experience showed greater interreader reproducibility than readers with intermediate experience in the whole prostate (P = 0.026) and peripheral zone (P = 0.002). Sequence-specific interreader agreement for all readers was similar to the overall PI-RADSv2 score, with κ = 0.24, 0.24, and 0.23 and Po = 0.47, 0.44, and 0.54 in T2 -weighted, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE), respectively. Overall intrareader and interreader ICC for lesion measurement was 0.82 and 0.71, respectively. DATA CONCLUSION: PI-RADSv2 provides moderate intrareader reproducibility, poor interreader reproducibility, and moderate interreader lesion measurement reproducibility. These findings suggest a need for more standardized reader training in prostate MRI. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Algoritmos , Biópsia/métodos , Meios de Contraste , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Próstata/patologia , Antígeno Prostático Específico/análise , Padrões de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Oncotarget ; 9(73): 33804-33817, 2018 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30333911

RESUMO

For prostate cancer detection on prostate multiparametric MRI (mpMRI), the Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADSv2) and computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems aim to widely improve standardization across radiologists and centers. Our goal was to evaluate CAD assistance in prostate cancer detection compared with conventional mpMRI interpretation in a diverse dataset acquired from five institutions tested by nine readers of varying experience levels, in total representing 14 globally spread institutions. Index lesion sensitivities of mpMRI-alone were 79% (whole prostate (WP)), 84% (peripheral zone (PZ)), 71% (transition zone (TZ)), similar to CAD at 76% (WP, p=0.39), 77% (PZ, p=0.07), 79% (TZ, p=0.15). Greatest CAD benefit was in TZ for moderately-experienced readers at PI-RADSv2 <3 (84% vs mpMRI-alone 67%, p=0.055). Detection agreement was unchanged but CAD-assisted read times improved (4.6 vs 3.4 minutes, p<0.001). At PI-RADSv2 ≥ 3, CAD improved patient-level specificity (72%) compared to mpMRI-alone (45%, p<0.001). PI-RADSv2 and CAD-assisted mpMRI interpretations have similar sensitivities across multiple sites and readers while CAD has potential to improve specificity and moderately-experienced radiologists' detection of more difficult tumors in the center of the gland. The multi-institutional evidence provided is essential to future prostate MRI and CAD development.

15.
Asian J Urol ; 5(3): 184-193, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29988897

RESUMO

Objective: Active surveillance (AS) offers a strategy to reduce overtreatment and now is a widely accepted treatment option for low-risk prostate cancer. An ideal tool for risk-stratification would detect aggressive cancers and exclude such men from taking up AS in the first place. We evaluate if a combination of transperineal template biopsy with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted biopsy identifies significant prostate cancer amongst men initially diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer. Methods: This prospective, single-blinded study included men with low-risk prostate cancer (D'Amico's Criteria) diagnosed on conventional transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy. Patients first underwent multiparametric MRI of the prostate ≥6 weeks after initial biopsy. Each suspicious lesion is mapped and assigned a Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PIRADS) score. Template biopsy is first performed with the surgeon blinded to MRI findings followed by MRI-targeted biopsy using a robotic transperineal biopsy platform. Results: The age of the 19 men included is 65.4 ± 4.9 years (mean ± SD). Prostate specific antigen (PSA) at diagnosis and at the time of transperineal biopsy were comparable (7.3 ± 1.7 ng/mL and 7.0 ± 1.8 ng/mL, p = 0.67), so were prostate volumes (34.2 ± 8.9 mL and 32.1 ± 13.4 mL, p = 0.28). MRI-targeted biopsy had a higher percentage of cancer detection per core compared to template biopsy (11.7% vs. 6.5%, p = 0.02), this was more than 3 times superior for Gleason 7 disease (5.9% vs. 1.6%, p < 0.01). Four of 18 (22.2%) patients with MRI lesions had significant disease with MRI-targeted biopsy alone. Three of 19 patients (15.8%) had significant disease with template biopsy alone. In combination, both techniques upclassified five patients (26.3%), all of whom underwent radical prostatectomy. Whole mount histology confirmed tumour location and grade. All six patients with PIRADS 5 lesions had cancer detected (66.6% significant disease). Conclusion: A combination of MRI-targeted and template biopsy may optimally risk-classify "low-risk" patients diagnosed on initial conventional transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) prostate biopsy.

16.
Eur Radiol ; 28(10): 4407-4417, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29651763

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) prior to prostate multi-parametric MRI (mpMRI) can improve sensitivity and agreement between radiologists. METHODS: Nine radiologists (three each high, intermediate, low experience) from eight institutions participated. A total of 163 patients with 3-T mpMRI from 4/2012 to 6/2015 were included: 110 cancer patients with prostatectomy after mpMRI, 53 patients with no lesions on mpMRI and negative TRUS-guided biopsy. Readers were blinded to all outcomes and detected lesions per PI-RADSv2 on mpMRI. After 5 weeks, readers re-evaluated patients using CAD to detect lesions. Prostatectomy specimens registered to MRI were ground truth with index lesions defined on pathology. Sensitivity, specificity and agreement were calculated per patient, lesion level and zone-peripheral (PZ) and transition (TZ). RESULTS: Index lesion sensitivity was 78.2% for mpMRI alone and 86.3% for CAD-assisted mpMRI (p = 0.013). Sensitivity was comparable for TZ lesions (78.7% vs 78.1%; p = 0.929); CAD improved PZ lesion sensitivity (84% vs 94%; p = 0.003). Improved sensitivity came from lesions scored PI-RADS < 3 as index lesion sensitivity was comparable at PI-RADS ≥ 3 (77.6% vs 78.1%; p = 0.859). Per patient specificity was 57.1% for CAD and 70.4% for mpMRI (p = 0.003). CAD improved agreement between all readers (56.9% vs 71.8%; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CAD-assisted mpMRI improved sensitivity and agreement, but decreased specificity, between radiologists of varying experience. KEY POINTS: • Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) assists clinicians in detecting prostate cancer on MRI. • CAD assistance improves agreement between radiologists in detecting prostate cancer lesions. • However, this CAD system induces more false positives, particularly for less-experienced clinicians and in the transition zone. • CAD assists radiologists in detecting cancer missed on MRI, suggesting a path for improved diagnostic confidence.


Assuntos
Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
Diagn Interv Radiol ; 24(1): 46-53, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29317377

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Prostate multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has utility in detecting post-radiotherapy local recurrence. We conducted a multireader study to evaluate the diagnostic performance of mpMRI for local recurrence after low dose rate (LDR) brachytherapy. METHODS: A total of 19 patients with biochemical recurrence after LDR brachytherapy underwent 3T endorectal coil mpMRI with T2-weighted imaging, dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging (DCE) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with pathologic confirmation. Prospective reads by an experienced prostate radiologist were compared with reads from 4 radiologists of varying experience. Readers identified suspicious lesions and rated each MRI detection parameter. MRI-detected lesions were considered true-positive with ipsilateral pathologic confirmation. Inferences for sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), kappa, and index of specific agreement were made with the use of bootstrap resampling. RESULTS: Pathologically confirmed recurrence was found in 15 of 19 patients. True positive recurrences identified by mpMRI were frequently located in the transition zone (46.7%) and seminal vesicles (30%). On patient-based analysis, average sensitivity of mpMRI was 88% (standard error [SE], 3.5%). For highly suspicious lesions, specificity of mpMRI was 75% (SE, 16.5%). On lesion-based analysis, the average PPV was 62% (SE, 6.7%) for all lesions and 78.7% (SE, 10.3%) for highly suspicious lesions. The average PPV for lesions invading the seminal vesicles was 88.8% (n=13). The average PPV was 66.6% (SE, 5.8%) for lesions identified with T2-weighted imaging, 64.9% (SE, 7.3%) for DCE, and 70% (SE, 7.3%) for DWI. CONCLUSION: This series provides evidence that mpMRI after LDR brachytherapy is feasible with a high patient-based cancer detection rate. Radiologists of varying experience demonstrated moderate agreement in detecting recurrence.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Meios de Contraste , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Doses de Radiação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 48(2): 482-490, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29341356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate imaging reporting and data system version 2 (PI-RADSv2) recommends a sector map for reporting findings of prostate cancer mulitparametric MRI (mpMRI). Anecdotally, radiologists may demonstrate inconsistent reproducibility with this map. PURPOSE: To evaluate interobserver agreement in defining prostate tumor location on mpMRI using the PI-RADSv2 sector map. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION: Thirty consecutive patients who underwent mpMRI between October, 2013 and March, 2015 and who subsequently underwent prostatectomy with whole-mount processing. FIELD STRENGTH: 3T mpMRI with T2 W, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) (apparent diffusion coefficient [ADC] and b-2000), dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE). ASSESSMENT: Six radiologists (two high, two intermediate, and two low experience) from six institutions participated. Readers were blinded to lesion location and detected up to four lesions as per PI-RADSv2 guidelines. Readers marked the long-axis of lesions, saved screen-shots of each lesion, and then marked the lesion location on the PI-RADSv2 sector map. Whole-mount prostatectomy specimens registered to the MRI served as ground truth. Index lesions were defined as the highest grade lesion or largest lesion if grades were equivalent. STATISTICAL TEST: Agreement was calculated for the exact, overlap, and proportion of agreement. RESULTS: Readers detected an average of 1.9 lesions per patient (range 1.6-2.3). 96.3% (335/348) of all lesions for all readers were scored PI-RADS ≥3. Readers defined a median of 2 (range 1-18) sectors per lesion. Agreement for detecting index lesions by screen shots was 83.7% (76.1%-89.9%) vs. 71.0% (63.1-78.3%) overlap agreement on the PI-RADS sector map (P < 0.001). Exact agreement for defining sectors of detected index lesions was only 21.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 14.4-27.7%) and rose to 49.0% (42.4-55.3%) when overlap was considered. Agreement on defining the same level of disease (ie, apex, mid, base) was 61.4% (95% CI 50.2-71.8%). DATA CONCLUSION: Readers are highly likely to detect the same index lesion on mpMRI, but exhibit poor reproducibility when attempting to define tumor location on the PI-RADSv2 sector map. The poor agreement of the PI-RADSv2 sector map raises concerns its utility in clinical practice. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2 J. MAGN. RESON. IMAGING 2018;48:482-490.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Próstata/patologia , Prostatectomia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Radiology ; 285(3): 859-869, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28727501

RESUMO

Purpose To validate the dominant pulse sequence paradigm and limited role of dynamic contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) version 2 for prostate multiparametric MR imaging by using data from a multireader study. Materials and Methods This HIPAA-compliant retrospective interpretation of prospectively acquired data was approved by the local ethics committee. Patients were treatment-naïve with endorectal coil 3-T multiparametric MR imaging. A total of 163 patients were evaluated, 110 with prostatectomy after multiparametric MR imaging and 53 with negative multiparametric MR imaging and systematic biopsy findings. Nine radiologists participated in this study and interpreted images in 58 patients, on average (range, 56-60 patients). Lesions were detected with PI-RADS version 2 and were compared with whole-mount prostatectomy findings. Probability of cancer detection for overall, T2-weighted, and diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging PI-RADS scores was calculated in the peripheral zone (PZ) and transition zone (TZ) by using generalized estimating equations. To determine dominant pulse sequence and benefit of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) imaging, odds ratios (ORs) were calculated as the ratio of odds of cancer of two consecutive scores by logistic regression. Results A total of 654 lesions (420 in the PZ) were detected. The probability of cancer detection for PI-RADS category 2, 3, 4, and 5 lesions was 15.7%, 33.1%, 70.5%, and 90.7%, respectively. DW imaging outperformed T2-weighted imaging in the PZ (OR, 3.49 vs 2.45; P = .008). T2-weighted imaging performed better but did not clearly outperform DW imaging in the TZ (OR, 4.79 vs 3.77; P = .494). Lesions classified as PI-RADS category 3 at DW MR imaging and as positive at DCE imaging in the PZ showed a higher probability of cancer detection than did DCE-negative PI-RADS category 3 lesions (67.8% vs 40.0%, P = .02). The addition of DCE imaging to DW imaging in the PZ was beneficial (OR, 2.0; P = .027), with an increase in the probability of cancer detection of 15.7%, 16.0%, and 9.2% for PI-RADS category 2, 3, and 4 lesions, respectively. Conclusion DW imaging outperforms T2-weighted imaging in the PZ; T2-weighted imaging did not show a significant difference when compared with DW imaging in the TZ by PI-RADS version 2 criteria. The addition of DCE imaging to DW imaging scores in the PZ yields meaningful improvements in probability of cancer detection. © RSNA, 2017 An earlier incorrect version of this article appeared online. This article was corrected on July 27, 2017. Online supplemental material is available for this article.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Meios de Contraste , Guias como Assunto , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/normas , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Internacionalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 45(2): 579-585, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27391860

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) improves the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer, but is limited by interobserver variation. The second version of theProstate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PIRADSv2) was recently proposed as a standard for interpreting mpMRI. To assess the performance and interobserver agreement of PIRADSv2 we performed a multi-reader study with five radiologists of varying experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five radiologists (n = 2 prostate dedicated, n = 3 general body) blinded to clinicopathologic results detected and scored lesions on prostate mpMRI using PIRADSv2. The endorectal coil 3 Tesla MRI included T2W, diffusion-weighted imaging (apparent diffusion coefficient, b2000), and dynamic contrast enhancement. Thirty-four consecutive patients were included. Results were correlated with radical prostatectomy whole-mount histopathology produced with patient-specific three-dimensional molds. An index lesion was defined on pathology as the lesion with highest Gleason score or largest volume if equivalent grades. Average sensitivity and positive predictive values (PPVs) for all lesions and index lesions were determined using generalized estimating equations. Interobserver agreement was evaluated using index of specific agreement. RESULTS: Average sensitivity was 91% for detecting index lesions and 63% for all lesions across all readers. PPV was 85% for PIRADS ≥ 3 and 90% for PIRADS ≥ 4. Specialists performed better only for PIRADS ≥ 4 with sensitivity 90% versus 79% (P = 0.01) for index lesions. Index of specific agreement among readers was 93% for the detection of index lesions, 74% for the detection of all lesions, and 85% for scoring index lesions, and 58% for scoring all lesions. CONCLUSION: By using PIRADSv2, general body radiologists and prostate specialists can detect high-grade index prostate cancer lesions with high sensitivity and agreement. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 1 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2017;45:579-585.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Radiologia/normas , Humanos , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Estados Unidos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...