Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 81
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Vasc Surg ; 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Standardized databases such as the Vascular Quality Initiative and National Surgical Quality Improvement Project assess the quality of care related to common vascular surgery procedures, but are not designed for uncommon vascular diseases. We describe a method of assessing uncommon vascular diseases using a multi-institutional collaboration, the Vascular Low Frequency Disease Consortium (VLFDC). METHODS: Uncommon vascular diseases are identified through a systematic literature review. A disease-specific database is developed and tested at a single institution, then refined and circulated to participating VLFDC investigators. Detailed inclusion and exclusion criteria and data point definitions are provided, allowing for standardized data collection across institutions. Each participating institution identifies all patients over a specific time period and enters the data into a VLFDC-provided database. The data are then de-identified and transmitted to our centralized data center for analysis. RESULTS: Since 2003, the VLFDC has conducted and published nine studies and enrolled 4532 patients, involving 232 institutions and 271 investigators. The studies include renal artery aneurysms, isolated femoral artery aneurysms, spontaneous mesenteric dissection, adventitial cystic disease, carotid body tumors, and vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Each published study reported on a minimum of 10 times the number of patients collected in previously published studies over the same time period, allowing stronger conclusions to be drawn from the larger sample size. Each study both confirmed previous management principles, which were based on small single-institution experiences, and challenged conventional management paradigms. CONCLUSIONS: When only small clinical series exist to provide guidance in managing uncommon vascular diseases, and/or where conflicting recommendations are made on the treatment of uncommon vascular diseases, a multi-institutional consortium can provide high-volume standardized data that either confirm or changes prior management principles.

2.
J Vasc Surg ; 71(1): 149-157, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS) is a rare disorder and 1 of 13 types of EDS. The syndrome results in aortic and arterial aneurysms and dissections at a young age. Diagnosis is confirmed with molecular testing via skin biopsy or genetic testing for COL3A1 pathogenic variants. We describe a multi-institutional experience in the diagnosis of vEDS from 2000 to 2015. METHODS: This is a multi-institutional cross-sectional retrospective study of individuals with vEDS. The institutions were recruited through the Vascular Low Frequency Disease Consortium. Individuals were identified using the International Classification of Diseases-9 and 10-CM codes for EDS (756.83 and Q79.6). A review of records was then performed to select individuals with vEDS. Data abstraction included demographics, family history, clinical features, major and minor diagnostic criteria, and molecular testing results. Individuals were classified into two cohorts and then compared: those with pathogenic COL3A1 variants and those diagnosed by clinical criteria alone without molecular confirmation. RESULTS: Eleven institutions identified 173 individuals (35.3% male, 56.6% Caucasian) with vEDS. Of those, 11 (9.8%) had nonpathogenic alterations in COL3A1 and were excluded from the analysis. Among the remaining individuals, 86 (47.7% male, 68% Caucasian, 48.8% positive family history) had pathogenic COL3A1 variants and 76 (19.7% male, 19.7% Caucasian, 43.4% positive family history) were diagnosed by clinical criteria alone without molecular confirmation. Compared with the cohort with pathogenic COL3A1 variants, the clinical diagnosis only cohort had a higher number of females (80.3% vs 52.3%; P < .001), mitral valve prolapse (10.5% vs 1.2%; P = .009), and joint hypermobility (68.4% vs 40.7%; P < .001). Additionally, they had a lower frequency of easy bruising (23.7% vs 64%; P < .001), thin translucent skin (17.1% vs 48.8%; P < .001), intestinal perforation (3.9% vs 16.3%; P = .01), spontaneous pneumothorax/hemothorax (3.9% vs 14%, P.03), and arterial rupture (9.2% vs 17.4%; P = .13). There were no differences in mortality or age of mortality between the two cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the importance of confirming vEDS diagnosis by testing for pathogenic COL3A1 variants rather than relying on clinical diagnostic criteria alone given the high degree of overlap with other forms genetically triggered arteriopathies. Because not all COL3A1 variants are pathogenic, the interpretation of the genetic testing results by an individual trained in variant assessment is essential to confirm the diagnosis. An accurate diagnosis is critical and has serious implications for lifelong screening and treatment strategies for the affected individual and family members.

4.
J Vasc Surg ; 71(1): 1, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864640
5.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 62: 142-147, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Black patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) represent 30.5% of the prevalent ESRD population in the United States, despite only accounting for 18% of the total population. Black patients are less likely to have pre-ESRD care compared with their white counterparts and are 3-4 times more likely to progress from chronic kidney disease to ESRD than whites, suggesting that black patients are particularly vulnerable to disparities in outcomes related to hemodialysis and ESRD. The objective of this study is to examine the association of race with outcomes of hemodialysis access and selection of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) versus arteriovenous graft (AVG). METHODS: Patients with chronic kidney disease who initiated dialysis through a tunneled hemodialysis catheter (THC) were identified in the Optum's De-identified Clinformatics® Data Mart (OptumInsight, Eden Prairie, MN) claims database (2011-2017). The odds of AVF versus AVG creation and the odds of repeat vascular access creation were analyzed using logistic regression. Time from initial AVF/AVG to THC removal and time to repeat AVF/AVG were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards. RESULTS: About 7,584 vascular access patients met the inclusion criteria: 5,852 (77%) AVF and 1,732 (23%) AVG. Median follow-up was 583 days overall (range, 1-2,543), 589 days among AVF patients (range, 1-2,543), and 260 days among AVG patients (range, 1-2,529). Between races, there was no clinically significant variation in characteristics or comorbidities, with the exception of a much lower rate of obesity among Asians. Black patients had 36% lower odds of AVF index versus AVG index (P < 0.001). Patients 70 years or older and patients with diabetes had lower odds of AVF index, whereas men and obese patients had greater odds of receiving AVF. Overall, graft patients were 73% more likely to have a shorter time to THC removal than fistula patients, but Hispanic graft patients were 25% more likely to have a shorter time to THC removal than whites. Patients with diabetes, patients with cardiac arrhythmia, and obesity were more likely to have a longer time to THC removal. About 1,589 (21%) patients underwent a repeat vascular access creation during the follow-up period: 19% of whites (n = 802), 26% of blacks (n = 483), 19% of Hispanics (n = 250), and 19% of Asians (n = 54) (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that black patients had 58% greater odds of requiring a second access than white patients (P < 0.001). Graft patients, patients 70 years or older, and men had lower odds of repeat access. Black patients were 45% more likely to have a shorter time until second access creation. Graft patients, patients aged 70 years or older, and men were more likely to have a longer time until second access. Patients with obesity were more likely to have a shorter time until second access. CONCLUSIONS: This study's findings suggest that after initial vascular access, compared with whites, blacks have no difference in time to index access success, but their access fails earlier and more frequently, independent of access type, age, and comorbidities. Given blacks constitute 30.5% of the hemodialysis population in the United States, it is imperative that future research investigate the root causes of these disparities.

7.
J Vasc Surg ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish the feasibility of fusing complementary, high-contrast features from unenhanced computed tomography (CT) and ferumoxytol-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (FE-MRA) for preprocedural vascular mapping in patients with renal impairment. METHODS: In this Institutional Review Board-approved and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant study, 15 consecutive patients underwent both FE-MRA and unenhanced CT scanning, and the complementary high-contrast features from both modalities were fused to form an integrated, multifeature image. Source images from CT and MRA were segmented and registered. To validate the accuracy, precision, and concordance of fused images to source images, unambiguous landmarks, such as wires from implantable medical devices or indwelling catheters, were marked on three-dimensional (3D) models of the respective modalities, followed by rigid co-registration, interactive fusion, and fine adjustment. We then compared the positional offsets using pacing wires or catheters in the source FE-MRA (defined as points of interest [POIs]) and fused images (n = 5 patients, n = 247 points). Points within 3D image space were referenced to the respective modalities: x (right-left), y (anterior-posterior), and z (cranial-caudal). The respective 3D orthogonal reference axes from both image sets were aligned, such that with perfect registration, a given point would have the same (x, y, z) component values in both sets. The 3D offsets (Δx mm, Δy mm, Δz mm) for each of the corresponding POIs represent nonconcordance between the source FE-MRA and fused images. The offsets were compared using concordance correlation coefficients. Interobserver agreement was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients and Bland-Altman analyses. RESULTS: Thirteen patients (aged 76 ± 12 years; seven female) with aortic valve stenosis and chronic kidney disease and two patients with thoracoabdominal vascular aneurysms and chronic kidney disease underwent FE-MRA for preprocedural vascular assessment, and unenhanced CT examinations were available in all patients. No ferumoxytol-related adverse events occurred. There were 247 matched POIs evaluated on the source FE-MRA and fused images. In patients with implantable medical devices, the mean offsets in spatial position were 0.31 ± 0.51 mm (ρ = 0.99; Cb = 1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.99-0.99) for Δx, 0.27 ± 0.69 mm (ρ = 0.99; Cb = 0.99; 95% CI, 0.99-0.99) for Δy, and 0.20 ± 0.59 mm (ρ = 1; Cb = 1; 95% CI, 0.99-1.00) for Δz. Interobserver agreement was excellent (intraclass correlation coefficient, >0.99). The mean difference in offset between readers was 1.5 mm. CONCLUSIONS: Accurate 3D feature fusion is feasible, combining luminal information from FE-MRA with vessel wall information on unenhanced CT. This framework holds promise for combining the complementary strengths of magnetic resonance imaging and CT to generate information-rich, multifeature composite vascular images while avoiding the respective risks and limitations of both modalities.

8.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The en bloc resection of inferior vena cava (IVC) leiomyosarcoma often necessitates IVC reconstruction. The objective of this study is to examine outcomes after IVC reconstruction and determine optimal graft sizing. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all IVC reconstructions after IVC leiomyosarcoma resection at a single institution. Cross-sectional dimensions at the IVC resection margins were measured on preoperative imaging. The tumor location was based on the most superiorly involved region of the IVC and was classified as infrarenal, between hepatic and renal veins, or superior to the hepatic veins. Perioperative details and long-term outcomes including graft sizing, graft patency, morbidity, and mortality were recorded. RESULTS: Between 2007 and 2017, 12 patients (6 females, mean age: 64.5 years, age range: 46-80 years) underwent IVC leiomyosarcoma resection and reconstruction. All reconstructions were performed with ringed polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE); graft sizes ranged from 12 mm to 16 mm. The tumor location was exclusively infrarenal in seven patients, between the renal and hepatic veins in two patients, and involved multiple segments in three patients. Larger graft sizes were utilized in reconstructing more superior segments of the IVC. Grafts were typically undersized and based on the diameter of the superior resection margin with 12 mm grafts approximately correlating to a 20 mm diameter, 14 mm to 25 mm, and 16 mm to 30 mm. The average undersizing ratio was 0.6. At a mean follow-up time of 43 ± 27 months, radiographic graft patency was 92%, overall survival was 83%, and disease-free survival was 25%. CONCLUSIONS: After en bloc resection of IVC leiomyosarcoma, caval reconstruction with an undersized ringed PTFE has acceptable patency. Grafts sizes should be based on the IVC diameter superior to the tumor and undersizing by approximately 40% appears to be associated with acceptable patency rates. Further multiinstitutional studies should be performed to best determine the optimal treatment of this rarely encountered tumor.

9.
Am Surg ; 85(10): 1079-1082, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657298

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to examine the association between surgeon characteristics, procedural volume, and short-term outcomes of hemodialysis vascular access. A retrospective cohort study was performed using Medicare Part A and B data from 2007 through 2014 merged with American Medical Association Physician Masterfile surgeon data. A total of 29,034 procedures met the inclusion criteria: 22,541 (78%) arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and 6,493 (22%) arteriovenous graft (AVG). Of these, 13,110 (45.2%) were performed by vascular surgeons, 9,398 (32.3%) by general surgeons, 2,313 (8%) by thoracic surgeons, 1,517 (5.2%) by other specialties, and 2,696 (9.3%) were unknown. Every 10-year increase in years in practice was associated with a 6.9 per cent decrease in the odds of creating AVF versus AVG (P = 0.02). Surgeon characteristics were not associated with the likelihood of vascular access failure. Every 10-procedure increase in cumulative procedure volume was associated with a 5 per cent decrease in the odds of vascular access failure (P = 0.007). There was no association of provider characteristics or procedure volume with survival free of repeat AVF/AVG or TC placement at 12 months. A significant portion of the variability in likelihood of creating AVF versus AVG is attributable to the provider-level variation. Increase in procedure volume is associated with decreased odds of vascular access failure.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Diálise Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Cirurgia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Medicare Part A/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicare Part B/estatística & dados numéricos , Razão de Chances , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgiões/classificação , Cirurgia Torácica/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
10.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 32(1-2): 81-87, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540661

RESUMO

Aortic graft infection remains one of the most complex clinical challenges faced by vascular specialists, and is often associated with significant patient morbidity and mortality regardless of the approach used for management. The cryopreserved aortic allograft is now a commonly used in situ aortic replacement in the management of graft infection, and is preferred over rifampin-soaked prosthetic grafts. In the review, we summarize the indications for cryopreserved aortic allograft usage, as well as operative technique, clinical results, and alternative treatments. We propose the use of a novel term tertiary aortic fistula, to distinguish aortic fistulae in the setting of aortic endograft infection, a clinical entity whose natural history and best management are currently being characterized.


Assuntos
Aorta/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Vasos Sanguíneos/transplante , Criopreservação , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Aloenxertos , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta/microbiologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Remoção de Dispositivo , Humanos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/microbiologia , Reoperação , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Vasc Surg Cases Innov Tech ; 5(3): 345-349, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31334415

RESUMO

Advances in endovascular therapy have exponentially increased the number of procedures performed for peripheral artery disease, but public concerns of overuse have placed the vascular community under scrutiny. The appropriateness of care has thus become a focus of discussion within several professional societies, but literature on the topic is limited. This report presents two cases of patients with peripheral artery disease, one patient who did not need revascularization and underwent an intervention and the other who required additional intervention that was not recognized owing to an incomplete diagnostic workup.

14.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 7(4): 469-470, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203855
15.
J Vasc Surg ; 70(5): 1543-1554, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126764

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS) is a rare connective tissue disorder owing to pathogenic variants in COL3A1 that lead to impaired type III collagen production. We aim to describe the contemporary multi-institutional experience of aortic and arterial pathology in individuals with vEDS, to evaluate disease patterns and refine management recommendations. METHODS: This cross-sectional, retrospective study of individuals with genetically confirmed vEDS was conducted between 2000 and 2015 at multiple institutions participating in the Vascular Low Frequency Disease Consortium. Aortic and arterial events including aneurysms, pseudoaneurysms, dissections, fistulae, or ruptures were studied. Demographics, COL3A1 variants, management, and outcomes data were collected and analyzed. Individuals with and without arterial events were compared. RESULTS: Eleven institutions identified 86 individuals with pathogenic variants in COL3A1 (47.7% male, 86% Caucasian; median age, 41 years; interquartile range [IQR], 31.0-49.5 years; 65.1% missense COL3A1 variants). The median follow-up from the time of vEDS diagnosis was 7.5 years (IQR, 3.5-12.0 years). A total of 139 aortic/arterial pathologies were diagnosed in 53 individuals (61.6%; 50.9% male; 88.5% Caucasian; median age, 33 years; IQR, 25.0-42.3 years). The aortic/arterial events presented as an emergency in 52 cases (37.4%). The most commonly affected arteries were the mesenteric arteries (31.7%), followed by cerebrovascular (16.5%), iliac (16.5%), and renal arteries (12.2%). The most common management was medical management. When undertaken, the predominant endovascular interventions were arterial embolization of medium sized arteries (13.4%), followed by stenting (2.5%). Aortic pathology was noted in 17 individuals (32%; 58.8% male; 94.1% Caucasian; median age, 38.5 years; IQR, 30.8-44.7 years). Most notably, four individuals underwent successful abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with excellent results on follow-up. Individuals with missense mutations, in which glycine was substituted with a large amino acid, had an earlier onset of aortic/arterial pathology (median age, 30 years; IQR, 23.5-37 years) compared with the other pathogenic COL3A1 variants (median age, 36 years; IQR, 29.5-44.8 years; P = .065). There were 12 deaths (22.6%) at a median age of 36 years (IQR, 28-51 years). CONCLUSIONS: Most of the vEDS arterial manifestations were managed medically in this cohort. When intervention is required for an enlarging aneurysm or rupture, embolization, and less frequently stenting, seem to be well-tolerated. Open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm seems to be as well-tolerated as in those without vEDS; vEDS should not be a deterrent to offering an operation. Future work to elucidate the role of surgical interventions and refine management recommendations in the context of patient centered outcomes is warranted.

16.
J Vasc Surg ; 69(3): 671-679.e1, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30528403

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate outcomes of endovascular treatment of aortic coarctation in adults. METHODS: Clinical data and imaging studies of 93 consecutive patients treated at nine institutions from 1999 to 2015 were reviewed. We included newly diagnosed aortic coarctation (NCO), recurrent coarctation, and aneurysmal/pseudoaneurysmal degeneration (ANE) after prior open surgical repair (OSR) of coarctation. Primary end points were morbidity and mortality. Secondary end points were stent patency and freedom from reintervention. RESULTS: There were 54 (58%) male and 39 (42%) female patients with a mean age of 44 ± 17 years. Thirty-two patients had NCO (mean age, 48 ± 16 years) and 61 had endovascular reinterventions after prior OSR during childhood (mean, 30 ± 17 years after initial repair), including 50 patients (54%) with recurrent coarctation and 11 (12%) with ANE. Clinical presentation included asymptomatic in 31 patients (33%), difficult to control hypertension in 42 (45%), and lower extremity claudication in 20 (22%). Endovascular treatment was performed using balloon-expandable covered stents in 47 (51%) patients, stent grafts in 36 (39%) patients, balloon-expandable uncovered stents in 9 (10%) patients, and primary angioplasty in 1 (1%) patient. Mean lesion length and diameter were 64.5 ± 50.6 mm and 19.5 ± 6.7 mm, respectively. Mean systolic pressure gradient decreased from 24.0 ± 17.5 mm Hg to 4.4 ± 7.4 mm Hg after treatment (P < .001). Complications occurred in nine (10%) patients, including aortic dissections in three (3%) patients and intraoperative ruptures in two patients; type IA endoleak, renal embolus, spinal headache, and access site hemorrhage occurred in one patient each. The aortic dissections and ruptures were treated successfully by deploying an additional covered stent proximal to the site of dissection or rupture. Two patients died within 30 days of the index procedure. After a mean follow-up of 3.2 ± 3.1 years, nearly all patients (98%) were clinically improved and all stents were patent. Reintervention was needed in 10 (11%) patients. Freedom from reintervention at 5 years was 85%. Two additional patients died during follow-up of coarctation-related causes, including rupture of an infected graft and visceral ischemia. Patient survival at 5 years was 89%. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular repair is effective with an acceptable safety profile in the treatment of NCO and postsurgical complications of coarctation after initial OSR. Aortic rupture is an infrequent (2%) but devastating complication with high mortality. Balloon-expandable covered stents are preferred for NCO, whereas stent grafts are used for ANE. The rate of reinterventions is acceptable, with high procedural and long-term clinical success.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Coartação Aórtica/terapia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Adulto , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Angioplastia com Balão/mortalidade , Coartação Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Coartação Aórtica/mortalidade , Coartação Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA