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1.
Sci Data ; 7(1): 70, 2020 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109232

RESUMO

In the information age, smart data modelling and data management can be carried out to address the wealth of data produced in scientific experiments. In this paper, we propose a semantic model for the statistical analysis of datasets by linear mixed models. We tie together disparate statistical concepts in an interdisciplinary context through the application of ontologies, in particular the Statistics Ontology (STATO), to produce FAIR data summaries. We hope to improve the general understanding of statistical modelling and thus contribute to a better description of the statistical conclusions from data analysis, allowing their efficient exploration and automated processing.

2.
Data Brief ; 29: 105098, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989008

RESUMO

This data article reports on a new set of 234 competency questions for ontology development and their formalisation into a set of 131 SPARQL-OWL queries. This is the largest set of competency questions with their linked queries to date, covering several ontologies of different type in different subject domains developed by different groups of question authors and ontology developers. The dataset is focused specifically on the ontology TBox (terminological part). The dataset may serve as a manually created gold standard for testing and benchmarking, research into competency questions and querying ontologies, and tool development. The data is available in Mendeley Data. Its analysis is presented in "Analysis of Ontology Competency Questions and their formalizations in SPARQL-OWL" [15].

3.
Semant Web ; 9(4): 517-544, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30505251

RESUMO

The research goal of this work is to investigate modeling patterns that recur in ontologies. Such patterns may originate from certain design solutions, and they may possibly indicate emerging ontology design patterns. We describe our tree-mining method for identifying the emerging design patterns. The method works in two steps: (1) we transform the ontology axioms in a tree shape in order to find axiom patterns; and then, (2) we use association analysis to mine co-occuring axiom patterns in order to extract emerging design patterns. We conduct an experimental study on a set of 331 ontologies from the BioPortal repository. We show that recurring axiom patterns appear across all individual ontologies, as well as across the whole set. In individual ontologies, we find frequent and non-trivial patterns with and without variables. Some of the former patterns have more than 300,000 occurrences. The longest pattern without a variable discovered from the whole ontology set has size 12, and it appears in 14 ontologies. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first method for automatic discovery of emerging design patterns in ontologies. Finally, we demonstrate that we are able to automatically detect patterns, for which we have manually confirmed that they are fragments of ontology design patterns described in the literature. Since our method is not specific to particular ontologies, we conclude that we should be able to discover new, emerging design patterns for arbitrary ontology sets.

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