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1.
Curr Rheumatol Rep ; 22(1): 4, 2020 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927650

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Childhood arthritis is in need of a new system of classification, owing to deficiencies in the International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) criteria. We briefly review the history of classification of childhood arthritis, discuss the major criticisms of the current system, and highlight current initiatives to address those concerns. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies in both pediatric and adult rheumatology into the biologic basis of disease as well as the clinical patterns of presentation have informed the efforts toward developing a new classification system. Several efforts are currently underway to improve the classification of childhood arthritis, most notably the project of the Pediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organization (PRINTO). This international alliance of pediatric rheumatologists has begun a 4-step process to create new classification criteria for childhood arthritis. They are currently on step 3 of the process.

2.
Nature ; 577(7788): 109-114, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827280

RESUMO

Activation of RIPK1 controls TNF-mediated apoptosis, necroptosis and inflammatory pathways1. Cleavage of human and mouse RIPK1 after residues D324 and D325, respectively, by caspase-8 separates the RIPK1 kinase domain from the intermediate and death domains. The D325A mutation in mouse RIPK1 leads to embryonic lethality during mouse development2,3. However, the functional importance of blocking caspase-8-mediated cleavage of RIPK1 on RIPK1 activation in humans is unknown. Here we identify two families with variants in RIPK1 (D324V and D324H) that lead to distinct symptoms of recurrent fevers and lymphadenopathy in an autosomal-dominant manner. Impaired cleavage of RIPK1 D324 variants by caspase-8 sensitized patients' peripheral blood mononuclear cells to RIPK1 activation, apoptosis and necroptosis induced by TNF. The patients showed strong RIPK1-dependent activation of inflammatory signalling pathways and overproduction of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines compared with unaffected controls. Furthermore, we show that expression of the RIPK1 mutants D325V or D325H in mouse embryonic fibroblasts confers not only increased sensitivity to RIPK1 activation-mediated apoptosis and necroptosis, but also induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and TNF. By contrast, patient-derived fibroblasts showed reduced expression of RIPK1 and downregulated production of reactive oxygen species, resulting in resistance to necroptosis and ferroptosis. Together, these data suggest that human non-cleavable RIPK1 variants promote activation of RIPK1, and lead to an autoinflammatory disease characterized by hypersensitivity to apoptosis and necroptosis and increased inflammatory response in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, as well as a compensatory mechanism to protect against several pro-death stimuli in fibroblasts.

3.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(2): 386-397, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Before a clinician decides whether treatment with TNF inhibition in children with JIA has failed, one should ensure adequate systemic exposure has been achieved. Therapeutic drug monitoring might allow for improved treatment outcome with lower treatment-associated costs. However, this requires understanding of the pharmacokinetic (PK) characteristics, and the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationship for children with JIA. We performed a scoping review to summarize the available literature and identify areas for future research. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of the Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane databases as well as the clinicaltrials.gov registry. In total, 3959 records were screened and 130 publications were selected for full text assessment. RESULTS: Twenty publications were included and divided into three categories: PK (n = 9), PK/PD (n = 3) and anti-drug antibodies (n = 13). Industry involvement was significant in 14 publications. Although data are limited, systemic exposure to TNF inhibitors is generally lower in younger children but meta-analysis is not possible. The PK/PD relationship has had limited study but there is partial evidence for infliximab. Anti-drug antibodies are common, and are related to impaired clinical outcome with adalimumab and infliximab therapy. CONCLUSION: The current knowledge about the PK and PK/PD of TNF inhibitors in the treatment of children with JIA is limited, which prevents the introduction of TDM. Re-analysis of available data from previous trials, incorporation of pharmacologic assessments into existing biorepository studies as well as new prospective PK and PK/PD trials are required to obtain this knowledge.

4.
Clin Immunol ; 211: 108325, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837445

RESUMO

Antineutrophil cytoplasm antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a term used to describe rare primary systemic vasculitides affecting small and medium-sized blood vessels. AAV diseases which include Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA), Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (EGPA), Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA) and renal limited ANCA vasculitis. These multisystemic disorders involve upper and lower respiratory tract and kidneys associated with organ damage and long term sequelae. Newer understanding of pathogenesis in AAV have paved the way for clinical research with different biologic therapies. In spite of the paucity of clinical trials in pediatric AAV, the long-term survival of patients with AAV has improved dramatically. International collaborations will help to conduct clinical trials in pediatric AAV and help in better understanding of remission rates, relapse rates, and other outcomes. This article aims to provide a comprehensive review of pediatric AAV with a focus on epidemiology, disease pathogenesis, treatment trials, and prognosis.

5.
J Clin Invest ; 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Undifferentiated systemic autoinflammatory diseases (USAID) present diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Chronic interferon (IFN) signaling and cytokine dysregulation may identify diseases with available targeted treatments. METHODS: Sixty-six consecutively-referred USAID patients underwent standardized evaluation of Type-I IFN-response-gene-signature (IRG-S); cytokine profiling, and genetic evaluation by next-generation sequencing. RESULTS: Thirty-six USAID patients (55%) had elevated IRG-S. Neutrophilic panniculitis (40% vs 0%), basal ganglia calcifications (46% vs 0%), interstitial lung disease (47% vs 5%), and myositis (60% vs 10%) were more prevalent in patients with elevated IRG-S. Moderate IRG-S elevation and highly-elevated serum IL-18 distinguished eight patients with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) and recurrent macrophage activation syndrome (MAS). Among patients with panniculitis and progressive cytopenias, two patients were compound heterozygous for novel LRBA mutations, four patients harbored novel splice variants in IKBKG/NEMO, and six patients had de novo frameshift mutations in SAMD9L. Of additional 12 patients with elevated IRG-S and CANDLE-, SAVI- or Aicardi-Goutières-Syndrome (AGS)-like phenotypes, five patients carried mutations in either SAMHD1, TREX1, PSMB8 or PSMG2. Two patients had anti-MDA5 autoantibody-positive juvenile dermatomyositis, and seven could not be classified. Patients with LRBA, IKBKG/NEMO and SAMD9L mutations showed a pattern of IRG elevation that suggests prominent NF-κB activation different from the canonical interferonopathies CANDLE, SAVI and AGS. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with elevated IRG-S, we identified characteristic clinical features and 3 additional autoinflammatory diseases: IL-18-mediated PAP and recurrent MAS (IL-18PAP-MAS), NEMO∆5-associated autoinflammatory syndrome (NEMO-NDAS), and SAMD9L-associated autoinflammatory disease (SAMD9L-SAAD). The IRG-S expands the diagnostic armamentarium in evaluating USAIDs and points to different pathways regulating IRG expression.

6.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform a comparative effectiveness feasibility study in juvenile localized scleroderma (jLS), using standardized treatment regimens (consensus treatment plans, CTPs). METHODS: A prospective, multi-center 1-year pilot observational cohort study was performed by Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) localized scleroderma workgroup members. Active, moderate to severe jLS patients were treated with one of three CTPs: methotrexate alone, or in combination with intravenous (30 mg/kg/dose for 3 months) or oral corticosteroids (2 mg/kg/day tapered off by 48 weeks). RESULTS: Fifty patients, with demographics typical for jLS, were enrolled, and 44 (88%) completed the study. Most had extracutaneous involvement. Patients improved in all three CTPs, with >75% having a major or moderate level of improvement compared to baseline. Damage accrued in some patients. Major deviations from prescribed regimen resulted from medication intolerance (n = 6, 14%) or treatment failure (n = 11, 25%); failures occurred in all three CTPs. Significant responses to treatment were demonstrated by LS skin scoring measures and overall physician assessments, with differences in response level identified in some patient subsets. Baseline disease activity level, LS subtype, skin disease extent, and extracutaneous involvement were associated with response differences. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the feasibility of conducting jLS comparative effectiveness studies. The CTPs were found to be safe, effective, and tolerable. Our assessments performed well. As damage is common and may progress despite effective control of activity, we recommend initial treatment efficacy be evaluated primarily by activity measures. Potential confounders for response were identified that warrant further study.

8.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 17(1): 43, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We designed and initiated a pilot comparative effectiveness study for juvenile localized scleroderma (jLS), for which there is limited evidence on best therapy. We evaluated the process we used, in relation to the specific protocol and to the general task of identifying strategies for implementing studies in rare pediatric diseases. METHODS: This was a prospective, multi-center, observational cohort study of 50 jLS patients initiating treatment, designed and conducted by the jLS group of the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) from 2012 to 2015. A series of virtual and physical meetings were held to design the study, standardize clinical assessments, generate and refine disease activity and damage measures, and monitor the study. Patients were initiated on one of three standardized methotrexate-based treatment regimens (consensus treatment plans, CTPs) and monitored for 1 year. An optional bio-banking sub-study was included. RESULTS: The target enrollment of 50 patients was achieved over 26 months at 10 sites, with patients enrolled into all CTPs. Enrolled patients were typical for jLS. Study eligibility criteria were found to perform well, capturing patients thought appropriate for treatment studies. Minor modifications to the eligibility criteria, primarily to facilitate recruitment for future studies, were discussed with consensus agreement reached on them by the jLS group. There were marked differences in site preferences for specific CTPs, with half the sites treating all their patients with the same CTP. Most patients (88%) completed the study, and 68% participated in the bio-banking substudy. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach for conducting comparative effectiveness research in a rare pediatric disease. Multi-center collaboration by dedicated investigators who met regularly was a key factor in the success of this project. Other factors that facilitate these studies include having a sufficient number of investigators to enroll in each regimen, and streamlining study approval and management.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade/métodos , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Esclerodermia Localizada/tratamento farmacológico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Criança , Quimioterapia Combinada , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Projetos Piloto , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Doenças Raras , Adulto Jovem
9.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(11): 1955-1963, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31161734

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term efficacy and safety of canakinumab and the response to vaccination in children ages ≤5 years with cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS). METHODS: CAPS patients (ages ≤5 years) received 2 mg/kg canakinumab subcutaneously every 8 weeks; patients with neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disease (NOMID) received a starting dose of 4 mg/kg in this open-label trial. Efficacy was evaluated using physician global assessment of disease activity and serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and amyloid A (SAA). Adverse events (AEs) were recorded. Vaccination response was evaluated using postvaccination antibody titers at 4 and 8 weeks after immunization. RESULTS: Of the 17 patients enrolled, 12 (71%) had Muckle-Wells syndrome, 4 (24%) had NOMID, and 1 (6%) had familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome. All 17 patients had a complete response to canakinumab. Disease activity improved according to the physician global assessment, and for 65% of the patients autoinflammatory disease was characterized as "absent" at the end of the study. Median CRP levels decreased over time. No such change was evident in SAA levels. During the extension study, postvaccination antibody titers increased above protective levels in 16 (94%) of 17 assessable vaccinations. Ten of the patients (59%) had AEs suspected to be related to canakinumab; 8 (47%) experienced at least 1 serious AE (SAE). None of the AEs or SAEs required interruption of canakinumab therapy. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that canakinumab effectively maintains efficacy through 152 weeks and appears to have no effect on the ability to produce antibodies against standard childhood non-live vaccines. The safety profile of canakinumab was consistent with previous studies, supporting long-term use of canakinumab for CAPS in children ≤5 years of age.

10.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 17(1): 31, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242923

RESUMO

Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) refers to a complex group of systemic vasculitides that are characterized by primary small-to-medium sized blood vessel inflammation with the presence of autoantibodies known as ANCA. AAV diseases include Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA), Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (EGPA), and Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA). AAVs are challenging conditions associated with high cumulative disease and treatment related morbidity and mortality. Given its rarity and the resulting paucity of pediatric-specific clinical trial evidence, pediatric rheumatologists have had to often extrapolate from adult literature for management and therapeutic decisions. The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of the important findings and overall conclusions of critical landmark clinical trials in the induction and maintenance treatments in adult AAV for the pediatric rheumatologist. This review also highlights the outcomes of recent pediatric AAV observational studies and discusses the future research priorities in pediatric AAV management.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/terapia , Troca Plasmática/métodos , Adulto , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Criança , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/terapia , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Substituição de Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Previsões , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/terapia , Humanos , Leflunomida/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(24): 11872-11877, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31138708

RESUMO

Autoinflammatory syndromes are characterized by dysregulation of the innate immune response with subsequent episodes of acute spontaneous inflammation. Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an autoinflammatory bone disorder that presents with bone pain and localized swelling. Ali18 mice, isolated from a mutagenesis screen, exhibit a spontaneous inflammatory paw phenotype that includes sterile osteomyelitis and systemic reduced bone mineral density. To elucidate the molecular basis of the disease, positional cloning of the causative gene for Ali18 was attempted. Using a candidate gene approach, a missense mutation in the C-terminal region of Fgr, a member of Src family tyrosine kinases (SFKs), was identified. For functional confirmation, additional mutations at the N terminus of Fgr were introduced in Ali18 mice by CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing. N-terminal deleterious mutations of Fgr abolished the inflammatory phenotype in Ali18 mice, but in-frame and missense mutations in the same region continue to exhibit the phenotype. The fact that Fgr null mutant mice are morphologically normal suggests that the inflammation in this model depends on Fgr products. Furthermore, the levels of C-terminal negative regulatory phosphorylation of Fgr Ali18 are distinctly reduced compared with that of wild-type Fgr. In addition, whole-exome sequencing of 99 CRMO patients including 88 trios (proband and parents) identified 13 patients with heterozygous coding sequence variants in FGR, including two missense mutant proteins that affect kinase activity. Our results strongly indicate that gain-of-function mutations in Fgr are involved in sterile osteomyelitis, and thus targeting SFKs using specific inhibitors may allow for efficient treatment of the disease.

12.
Paediatr Child Health ; 24(2): 85-91, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30996598

RESUMO

Since first defined in 1998, paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) and its later, broader iteration, paediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS), have garnered significant attention and controversy. The role of streptococcal infection in children with explosive onset obsessive-compulsive disorder and new onset tics, the natural history of this entity, and the role of symptomatic and disease-modifying therapies, including antibiotics, immunotherapy, and psychoactive drugs, are all issues that have yet to be definitively addressed. While definitive proof of the autoimmune hypothesis of PANDAS is lacking, given the heightened attention to this entity and apparent rise in use of this diagnostic category, addressing questions around diagnosis, treatment, and etiology is imperative. In this paper, we review current working definitions of PANDAS/PANS, discuss published evidence for interventions related to this entity, and propose a clinical approach to children presenting with acute symptoms satisfying criteria for PANDAS/PANS.

13.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(8): 1025-1032, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different diagnostic and classification criteria are available for hereditary recurrent fevers (HRF)-familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic fever syndrome (TRAPS), mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) and cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS)-and for the non-hereditary, periodic fever, aphthosis, pharyngitis and adenitis (PFAPA). We aimed to develop and validate new evidence-based classification criteria for HRF/PFAPA. METHODS: Step 1: selection of clinical, laboratory and genetic candidate variables; step 2: classification of 360 random patients from the Eurofever Registry by a panel of 25 clinicians and 8 geneticists blinded to patients' diagnosis (consensus ≥80%); step 3: statistical analysis for the selection of the best candidate classification criteria; step 4: nominal group technique consensus conference with 33 panellists for the discussion and selection of the final classification criteria; step 5: cross-sectional validation of the novel criteria. RESULTS: The panellists achieved consensus to classify 281 of 360 (78%) patients (32 CAPS, 36 FMF, 56 MKD, 37 PFAPA, 39 TRAPS, 81 undefined recurrent fever). Consensus was reached for two sets of criteria for each HRF, one including genetic and clinical variables, the other with clinical variables only, plus new criteria for PFAPA. The four HRF criteria demonstrated sensitivity of 0.94-1 and specificity of 0.95-1; for PFAPA, criteria sensitivity and specificity were 0.97 and 0.93, respectively. Validation of these criteria in an independent data set of 1018 patients shows a high accuracy (from 0.81 to 0.98). CONCLUSION: Eurofever proposes a novel set of validated classification criteria for HRF and PFAPA with high sensitivity and specificity.

15.
Pediatr Radiol ; 49(1): 23-36, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30225645

RESUMO

Pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum and acne (PAPA) syndrome is a rare autosomal-dominant autoinflammatory disease of incomplete penetrance and variable expression. PAPA syndrome is the result of a mutation in the proline serine threonine phosphatase-interacting protein 1 (PSTPIP1/CD2BP1) gene located on chromosome 15, which results in an abnormal overproduction of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1ß (IL-1). This syndrome clinically manifests as early onset of recurrent episodes of acute aseptic inflammation of the joints, generally occurring in the first two decades of life, followed by manifestation of characteristic skin lesions in the third decade, after an obvious decline in the joint symptoms. Although uncommon, the potential clinical implications of PAPA syndrome warrant an appropriate diagnosis in a timely fashion.


Assuntos
Acne Vulgar/diagnóstico por imagem , Acne Vulgar/genética , Artrite Infecciosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Infecciosa/genética , Pioderma Gangrenoso/diagnóstico por imagem , Pioderma Gangrenoso/genética , Adolescente , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome
16.
J Pediatr ; 204: 162-171.e3, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30318371

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether treatment with biologic response modifying agents during clinical trial study periods increases the risk of serious infections in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature review using Medline, Embase, Cochrane library, and the clinical trial registry was performed up to July 2017. Random effects meta-analyses were used to compare rates of serious infections in children with JIA given biologic agents compared with controls, and the pooled relative risk calculated. Subanalyses were performed for different biologic agent classes. RESULTS: In total, 19 trials accounting for 21 individual studies were included (11 for tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors [n = 814 patients], 3 for interleukin-6 inhibitors [n = 318], 6 for interleukin-1 inhibitors [n = 353], and 1 for selective T-lymphocyte costimulation modulators [n = 122]). Patients (68% female) had a mean age of 10.8 years. Seventeen serious infections were reported among 810 children receiving biologic agents and 15 among 797 controls. The most frequent infections were bronchopulmonary and varicella. No statistically significant difference in risk of serious infections was found between children receiving biologic agents compared with control groups (pooled relative risk = 1.13; 95% CI [0.63, 2.03]) during the trial study periods. The risk remained nonsignificant when evaluating the different classes of biologic agents separately. However, the analyses were underpowered to detect differences in the risk of serious infections overall or differences between classes of biologic agents. CONCLUSIONS: In this systematic review and meta-analyses, serious infections were uncommon and not significantly increased among patients with JIA receiving biologic agents compared with controls. However, the analyses were underpowered and study periods were relatively short. Ongoing careful monitoring for serious infections remains necessary for all patients with JIA, and particularly those receiving biologic agents.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , /induzido quimicamente , Adolescente , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
17.
J Pediatr ; 206: 212-216, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466792

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review pediatric idiopathic intervertebral disc calcification (PIIVDC) within a single center and within the literature to outline the disease course, management, and outcome. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was performed spanning the period between January 2001 and February 2016 for diagnoses of PIIVDC. Patient age, sex, symptoms, and history and physical and neurologic findings were reviewed. Laboratory and imaging findings, management, follow-up, and outcome also were studied. RESULTS: Nine cases of PIIVDC were identified; they included 6 male and 3 female patients, with an age range of 23 months to 12 years. Two patients were asymptomatic, and PIIVDC was discovered incidentally. Of the remaining 7 patients, 5 presented with neck and/or back pain, 1 with painless torticollis, and 1 with painful torticollis. One patient reported neurologic symptoms of pain radiating along 1 dermatome. Disc spaces affected were 5 cervical, 4 thoracic, and 2 lumbar, with 2 patients having more than 1 space affected. All patients were managed conservatively. In 1 case, symptoms and lesions persisted after 5 years, but the remainder had complete symptom resolution, generally within 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: The etiology of PIIVDC remains unknown but appears to occur spontaneously, without preceding trauma or underlying medical condition. A conservative approach to patients without severe neurologic deficit with outpatient follow-up is supported.


Assuntos
Calcinose/diagnóstico , Calcinose/terapia , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/terapia , Calcinose/complicações , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Avaliação de Sintomas
18.
J Rheumatol ; 46(2): 190-197, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30275259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To revise the current juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) classification criteria with an evidence-based approach, using clinical and routine laboratory measures available worldwide, to identify homogeneous clinical groups and to distinguish those forms of chronic arthritis typically seen only in children from the childhood counterpart of adult diseases. METHODS: The overall project consists of 4 steps. This work represents Step 1, a Delphi Web-based consensus and Step 2, an international nominal group technique (NGT) consensus conference for the new provisional Pediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organization JIA classification criteria. A future large data collection of at least 1000 new-onset JIA patients (Step 3) followed by analysis and NGT consensus (Step 4) will provide data for the evidence-based validation of the JIA classification criteria. RESULTS: In Step 1, three Delphi rounds of interactions were implemented to revise the 7 ILAR JIA categories. In Step 2, forty-seven questions with electronic voting were implemented to derive the new proposed criteria. Four disorders were proposed: (a) systemic JIA; (b) rheumatoid factor-positive JIA; (c) enthesitis/spondylitis-related JIA; and (d) early-onset antinuclear antibody-positive JIA. The other forms were gathered under the term "others." These will be analyzed during the prospective data collection using a list of descriptors to see whether the clustering of some of them could identify homogeneous entities. CONCLUSION: An international consensus was reached to identify different proposed homogeneous chronic disorders that fall under the historical term JIA. These preliminary criteria will be formally validated with a dedicated project.

20.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(2): 315-323, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30101446

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical features, efficacy and safety of treatment regimens, and outcomes of childhood- and adult-onset Takayasu arteritis (TAK). METHODS: The study was designed as a retrospective cohort study comparing patients with childhood-onset TAK (from 1986 onward) to patients with adult-onset TAK (from 1988 onward) who were followed up until 2014 or 2015 at 4 centers in Ontario, Canada. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and angiographic features, treatment regimens, and outcomes were recorded throughout the course of the disease. Disease activity and damage scores were completed retrospectively. RESULTS: Twenty-nine children and 48 adults (median age at diagnosis 12.1 years and 31.2 years, respectively) were included. A lower predominance of females was observed among the childhood-onset TAK cohort (76% versus 100% of patients with adult-onset TAK; P < 0.01), and children had a shorter delay to diagnosis (median 6.0 months versus 12.2 months for adults; P = 0.03). The distribution of vascular involvement was also different, with children having significantly more aortic and renal artery involvement and a higher frequency of arterial hypertension. Relapses in the first year after diagnosis were common both in children (39%) and in adults (28%). Two children, but no adults, died. CONCLUSION: Childhood-onset TAK has a lower female predominance and a higher frequency of aortic and renal involvement compared to adult-onset TAK. Relapses and disease burden were high in both groups, corroborating the need for careful monitoring of disease activity and aggressive therapeutic management.


Assuntos
Arterite de Takayasu/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Aortite/etiologia , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Diagnóstico Tardio , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipertensão/etiologia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Ontário , Recidiva , Artéria Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Arterite de Takayasu/complicações , Arterite de Takayasu/diagnóstico , Arterite de Takayasu/tratamento farmacológico
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