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1.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform a comparative effectiveness feasibility study in juvenile localized scleroderma (jLS), using standardized treatment regimens (consensus treatment plans, CTPs). METHODS: A prospective, multi-center 1-year pilot observational cohort study was performed by Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) localized scleroderma workgroup members. Active, moderate to severe jLS patients were treated with one of three CTPs: methotrexate alone, or in combination with intravenous (30 mg/kg/dose for 3 months) or oral corticosteroids (2 mg/kg/day tapered off by 48 weeks). RESULTS: Fifty patients, with demographics typical for jLS, were enrolled, and 44 (88%) completed the study. Most had extracutaneous involvement. Patients improved in all three CTPs, with >75% having a major or moderate level of improvement compared to baseline. Damage accrued in some patients. Major deviations from prescribed regimen resulted from medication intolerance (n = 6, 14%) or treatment failure (n = 11, 25%); failures occurred in all three CTPs. Significant responses to treatment were demonstrated by LS skin scoring measures and overall physician assessments, with differences in response level identified in some patient subsets. Baseline disease activity level, LS subtype, skin disease extent, and extracutaneous involvement were associated with response differences. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the feasibility of conducting jLS comparative effectiveness studies. The CTPs were found to be safe, effective, and tolerable. Our assessments performed well. As damage is common and may progress despite effective control of activity, we recommend initial treatment efficacy be evaluated primarily by activity measures. Potential confounders for response were identified that warrant further study.

2.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 17(1): 43, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We designed and initiated a pilot comparative effectiveness study for juvenile localized scleroderma (jLS), for which there is limited evidence on best therapy. We evaluated the process we used, in relation to the specific protocol and to the general task of identifying strategies for implementing studies in rare pediatric diseases. METHODS: This was a prospective, multi-center, observational cohort study of 50 jLS patients initiating treatment, designed and conducted by the jLS group of the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) from 2012 to 2015. A series of virtual and physical meetings were held to design the study, standardize clinical assessments, generate and refine disease activity and damage measures, and monitor the study. Patients were initiated on one of three standardized methotrexate-based treatment regimens (consensus treatment plans, CTPs) and monitored for 1 year. An optional bio-banking sub-study was included. RESULTS: The target enrollment of 50 patients was achieved over 26 months at 10 sites, with patients enrolled into all CTPs. Enrolled patients were typical for jLS. Study eligibility criteria were found to perform well, capturing patients thought appropriate for treatment studies. Minor modifications to the eligibility criteria, primarily to facilitate recruitment for future studies, were discussed with consensus agreement reached on them by the jLS group. There were marked differences in site preferences for specific CTPs, with half the sites treating all their patients with the same CTP. Most patients (88%) completed the study, and 68% participated in the bio-banking substudy. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach for conducting comparative effectiveness research in a rare pediatric disease. Multi-center collaboration by dedicated investigators who met regularly was a key factor in the success of this project. Other factors that facilitate these studies include having a sufficient number of investigators to enroll in each regimen, and streamlining study approval and management.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Before a clinician decides whether treatment with TNF inhibition in children with JIA has failed, one should ensure adequate systemic exposure has been achieved. Therapeutic drug monitoring might allow for improved treatment outcome with lower treatment-associated costs. However, this requires understanding of the pharmacokinetic (PK) characteristics, and the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationship for children with JIA. We performed a scoping review to summarize the available literature and identify areas for future research. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of the Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane databases as well as the clinicaltrials.gov registry. In total, 3959 records were screened and 130 publications were selected for full text assessment. RESULTS: Twenty publications were included and divided into three categories: PK (n = 9), PK/PD (n = 3) and anti-drug antibodies (n = 13). Industry involvement was significant in 14 publications. Although data are limited, systemic exposure to TNF inhibitors is generally lower in younger children but meta-analysis is not possible. The PK/PD relationship has had limited study but there is partial evidence for infliximab. Anti-drug antibodies are common, and are related to impaired clinical outcome with adalimumab and infliximab therapy. CONCLUSION: The current knowledge about the PK and PK/PD of TNF inhibitors in the treatment of children with JIA is limited, which prevents the introduction of TDM. Re-analysis of available data from previous trials, incorporation of pharmacologic assessments into existing biorepository studies as well as new prospective PK and PK/PD trials are required to obtain this knowledge.

4.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(11): 1955-1963, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31161734

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term efficacy and safety of canakinumab and the response to vaccination in children ages ≤5 years with cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS). METHODS: CAPS patients (ages ≤5 years) received 2 mg/kg canakinumab subcutaneously every 8 weeks; patients with neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disease (NOMID) received a starting dose of 4 mg/kg in this open-label trial. Efficacy was evaluated using physician global assessment of disease activity and serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and amyloid A (SAA). Adverse events (AEs) were recorded. Vaccination response was evaluated using postvaccination antibody titers at 4 and 8 weeks after immunization. RESULTS: Of the 17 patients enrolled, 12 (71%) had Muckle-Wells syndrome, 4 (24%) had NOMID, and 1 (6%) had familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome. All 17 patients had a complete response to canakinumab. Disease activity improved according to the physician global assessment, and for 65% of the patients autoinflammatory disease was characterized as "absent" at the end of the study. Median CRP levels decreased over time. No such change was evident in SAA levels. During the extension study, postvaccination antibody titers increased above protective levels in 16 (94%) of 17 assessable vaccinations. Ten of the patients (59%) had AEs suspected to be related to canakinumab; 8 (47%) experienced at least 1 serious AE (SAE). None of the AEs or SAEs required interruption of canakinumab therapy. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that canakinumab effectively maintains efficacy through 152 weeks and appears to have no effect on the ability to produce antibodies against standard childhood non-live vaccines. The safety profile of canakinumab was consistent with previous studies, supporting long-term use of canakinumab for CAPS in children ≤5 years of age.

5.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 17(1): 31, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242923

RESUMO

Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) refers to a complex group of systemic vasculitides that are characterized by primary small-to-medium sized blood vessel inflammation with the presence of autoantibodies known as ANCA. AAV diseases include Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA), Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (EGPA), and Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA). AAVs are challenging conditions associated with high cumulative disease and treatment related morbidity and mortality. Given its rarity and the resulting paucity of pediatric-specific clinical trial evidence, pediatric rheumatologists have had to often extrapolate from adult literature for management and therapeutic decisions. The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of the important findings and overall conclusions of critical landmark clinical trials in the induction and maintenance treatments in adult AAV for the pediatric rheumatologist. This review also highlights the outcomes of recent pediatric AAV observational studies and discusses the future research priorities in pediatric AAV management.

6.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(24): 11872-11877, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31138708

RESUMO

Autoinflammatory syndromes are characterized by dysregulation of the innate immune response with subsequent episodes of acute spontaneous inflammation. Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an autoinflammatory bone disorder that presents with bone pain and localized swelling. Ali18 mice, isolated from a mutagenesis screen, exhibit a spontaneous inflammatory paw phenotype that includes sterile osteomyelitis and systemic reduced bone mineral density. To elucidate the molecular basis of the disease, positional cloning of the causative gene for Ali18 was attempted. Using a candidate gene approach, a missense mutation in the C-terminal region of Fgr, a member of Src family tyrosine kinases (SFKs), was identified. For functional confirmation, additional mutations at the N terminus of Fgr were introduced in Ali18 mice by CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing. N-terminal deleterious mutations of Fgr abolished the inflammatory phenotype in Ali18 mice, but in-frame and missense mutations in the same region continue to exhibit the phenotype. The fact that Fgr null mutant mice are morphologically normal suggests that the inflammation in this model depends on Fgr products. Furthermore, the levels of C-terminal negative regulatory phosphorylation of Fgr Ali18 are distinctly reduced compared with that of wild-type Fgr. In addition, whole-exome sequencing of 99 CRMO patients including 88 trios (proband and parents) identified 13 patients with heterozygous coding sequence variants in FGR, including two missense mutant proteins that affect kinase activity. Our results strongly indicate that gain-of-function mutations in Fgr are involved in sterile osteomyelitis, and thus targeting SFKs using specific inhibitors may allow for efficient treatment of the disease.

7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(8): 1025-1032, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different diagnostic and classification criteria are available for hereditary recurrent fevers (HRF)-familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic fever syndrome (TRAPS), mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) and cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS)-and for the non-hereditary, periodic fever, aphthosis, pharyngitis and adenitis (PFAPA). We aimed to develop and validate new evidence-based classification criteria for HRF/PFAPA. METHODS: Step 1: selection of clinical, laboratory and genetic candidate variables; step 2: classification of 360 random patients from the Eurofever Registry by a panel of 25 clinicians and 8 geneticists blinded to patients' diagnosis (consensus ≥80%); step 3: statistical analysis for the selection of the best candidate classification criteria; step 4: nominal group technique consensus conference with 33 panellists for the discussion and selection of the final classification criteria; step 5: cross-sectional validation of the novel criteria. RESULTS: The panellists achieved consensus to classify 281 of 360 (78%) patients (32 CAPS, 36 FMF, 56 MKD, 37 PFAPA, 39 TRAPS, 81 undefined recurrent fever). Consensus was reached for two sets of criteria for each HRF, one including genetic and clinical variables, the other with clinical variables only, plus new criteria for PFAPA. The four HRF criteria demonstrated sensitivity of 0.94-1 and specificity of 0.95-1; for PFAPA, criteria sensitivity and specificity were 0.97 and 0.93, respectively. Validation of these criteria in an independent data set of 1018 patients shows a high accuracy (from 0.81 to 0.98). CONCLUSION: Eurofever proposes a novel set of validated classification criteria for HRF and PFAPA with high sensitivity and specificity.

10.
J Pediatr ; 2018 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466792

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review pediatric idiopathic intervertebral disc calcification (PIIVDC) within a single center and within the literature to outline the disease course, management, and outcome. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was performed spanning the period between January 2001 and February 2016 for diagnoses of PIIVDC. Patient age, sex, symptoms, and history and physical and neurologic findings were reviewed. Laboratory and imaging findings, management, follow-up, and outcome also were studied. RESULTS: Nine cases of PIIVDC were identified; they included 6 male and 3 female patients, with an age range of 23 months to 12 years. Two patients were asymptomatic, and PIIVDC was discovered incidentally. Of the remaining 7 patients, 5 presented with neck and/or back pain, 1 with painless torticollis, and 1 with painful torticollis. One patient reported neurologic symptoms of pain radiating along 1 dermatome. Disc spaces affected were 5 cervical, 4 thoracic, and 2 lumbar, with 2 patients having more than 1 space affected. All patients were managed conservatively. In 1 case, symptoms and lesions persisted after 5 years, but the remainder had complete symptom resolution, generally within 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: The etiology of PIIVDC remains unknown but appears to occur spontaneously, without preceding trauma or underlying medical condition. A conservative approach to patients without severe neurologic deficit with outpatient follow-up is supported.

11.
J Pediatr ; 2018 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30318371

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether treatment with biologic response modifying agents during clinical trial study periods increases the risk of serious infections in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature review using Medline, Embase, Cochrane library, and the clinical trial registry was performed up to July 2017. Random effects meta-analyses were used to compare rates of serious infections in children with JIA given biologic agents compared with controls, and the pooled relative risk calculated. Subanalyses were performed for different biologic agent classes. RESULTS: In total, 19 trials accounting for 21 individual studies were included (11 for tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors [n = 814 patients], 3 for interleukin-6 inhibitors [n = 318], 6 for interleukin-1 inhibitors [n = 353], and 1 for selective T-lymphocyte costimulation modulators [n = 122]). Patients (68% female) had a mean age of 10.8 years. Seventeen serious infections were reported among 810 children receiving biologic agents and 15 among 797 controls. The most frequent infections were bronchopulmonary and varicella. No statistically significant difference in risk of serious infections was found between children receiving biologic agents compared with control groups (pooled relative risk = 1.13; 95% CI [0.63, 2.03]) during the trial study periods. The risk remained nonsignificant when evaluating the different classes of biologic agents separately. However, the analyses were underpowered to detect differences in the risk of serious infections overall or differences between classes of biologic agents. CONCLUSIONS: In this systematic review and meta-analyses, serious infections were uncommon and not significantly increased among patients with JIA receiving biologic agents compared with controls. However, the analyses were underpowered and study periods were relatively short. Ongoing careful monitoring for serious infections remains necessary for all patients with JIA, and particularly those receiving biologic agents.

12.
J Rheumatol ; 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30275259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To revise the current juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) classification criteria with an evidence-based approach, using clinical and routine laboratory measures available worldwide, to identify homogeneous clinical groups and to distinguish those forms of chronic arthritis typically seen only in children from the childhood counterpart of adult diseases. METHODS: The overall project consists of 4 steps. This work represents Step 1, a Delphi Web-based consensus and Step 2, an international nominal group technique (NGT) consensus conference for the new provisional Pediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organization JIA classification criteria. A future large data collection of at least 1000 new-onset JIA patients (Step 3) followed by analysis and NGT consensus (Step 4) will provide data for the evidence-based validation of the JIA classification criteria. RESULTS: In Step 1, three Delphi rounds of interactions were implemented to revise the 7 ILAR JIA categories. In Step 2, forty-seven questions with electronic voting were implemented to derive the new proposed criteria. Four disorders were proposed: (a) systemic JIA; (b) rheumatoid factor-positive JIA; (c) enthesitis/spondylitis-related JIA; and (d) early-onset antinuclear antibody-positive JIA. The other forms were gathered under the term "others." These will be analyzed during the prospective data collection using a list of descriptors to see whether the clustering of some of them could identify homogeneous entities. CONCLUSION: An international consensus was reached to identify different proposed homogeneous chronic disorders that fall under the historical term JIA. These preliminary criteria will be formally validated with a dedicated project.

13.
Pediatr Radiol ; 2018 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30225645

RESUMO

Pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum and acne (PAPA) syndrome is a rare autosomal-dominant autoinflammatory disease of incomplete penetrance and variable expression. PAPA syndrome is the result of a mutation in the proline serine threonine phosphatase-interacting protein 1 (PSTPIP1/CD2BP1) gene located on chromosome 15, which results in an abnormal overproduction of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1ß (IL-1). This syndrome clinically manifests as early onset of recurrent episodes of acute aseptic inflammation of the joints, generally occurring in the first two decades of life, followed by manifestation of characteristic skin lesions in the third decade, after an obvious decline in the joint symptoms. Although uncommon, the potential clinical implications of PAPA syndrome warrant an appropriate diagnosis in a timely fashion.

14.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2018 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30267356

RESUMO

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most prevalent chronic rheumatic disease in children and young people (CYP) and a major cause of pain and disability. The vast majority of the world's children and their families live in less resourced countries (LRCs) and face significant socioeconomic and healthcare challenges. Current recommendations for standards of care and treatment for children with JIA do not consider children living in less resourced countries. In order to develop appropriate recommendations for the care of CYP with JIA in less resourced countries a meeting of experienced pediatric rheumatologists from less resourced countries was convened with additional input from a steering group of international pediatric rheumatologists with experience in developing recommendations and standards of care for JIA. Following a needs assessment survey of healthcare workers caring for CYP with JIA in LRC, a literature review was carried out and management recommendations formulated using Delphi technique and a final consensus conference. Responses from the needs assessment were received from 121/483 (25%) practitioners from 25/49 (51%) less resourced countries. From these responses, the initial 84 recommendations were refined and expanded through a series of 3 online Delphi rounds. A final list of 90 recommendations was proposed for evaluation. Evidence for each statement was reviewed, graded, and presented to the consensus group. The degree of consensus, level of agreement, and level of evidence for these recommendations are reported. Recommendations arrived at by consensus for CYP with JIA in less resourced countries cover 5 themes: (1) diagnosis, (2) referral and monitoring, (3) education and training, (4) advocacy and networks, and (5) research. Thirty-five statements were drafted. All but one statement achieved 100% consensus. The body of published evidence was small and the quality of evidence available for critical appraisal was low. Our recommendations offer novel insights and present consensus-based strategies for the management of JIA in less resourced countries. The emphasis on communicable and endemic diseases influencing the diagnosis and treatment of JIA serves as a valuable addition to existing JIA guidelines. With increasing globalization, these recommendations as a whole provide educational and clinical utility for clinicians worldwide. The low evidence base for our recommendations reflects a shortage of research specific to less resourced countries and serves as an impetus for further inquiry towards optimizing care for children with JIA around the world.

15.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 35(6): 761-768, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30187959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital morphea is a form of localized scleroderma that presents at birth. There is limited information on its presentation and progression. METHODS: Patients with congenital morphea were identified from five pediatric dermatology and rheumatology tertiary care centers in Canada, the United States, and Italy from 2001 to 2016. Cases from the literature were identified by searching Ovid (EMBASE and MEDLINE) from inception to June 30, 2017. Disease characteristics and prevalence of extracutaneous involvement were analyzed. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were identified from the five centers, and 13 cases were described in the literature, representing 25 patients, with one duplication. Fourteen patients (56%) were female. Median age at diagnosis was 2.9 years (interquartile range 1.2-5.1 years). Linear morphea, including en coup de sabre and Parry-Romberg syndrome, was the most common subtype observed (n = 19, 76%), followed by circumscribed (n = 5, 20%), generalized (n = 2, 8%), and mixed (n = 2, 8%). The face (n = 14, 56%), scalp (n = 8, 32%), and trunk (n = 6, 24%) were the most common locations affected. Most lesions were active at diagnosis (n = 19, 76%), but all patients with follow-up later became inactive. Extracutaneous involvement was seen in 12 (48%) patients, all of whom had linear morphea. Musculoskeletal sequelae were seen in those with linear morphea of the extremities (4/5, 80%), and neurologic involvement was seen in those with linear morphea of the head (8/13, 62%). CONCLUSION: Congenital morphea is associated with extracutaneous manifestations and delayed diagnosis. More research is needed to determine whether early recognition, monitoring, and treatment can alter the disease course.


Assuntos
Esclerodermia Localizada/diagnóstico , Canadá/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esclerodermia Localizada/congênito , Esclerodermia Localizada/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
16.
J Rheumatol ; 45(12): 1680-1688, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30219769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical features that define disease activity in pediatric localized scleroderma (LS), and determine their specificity and importance. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter prospective study of patients with active and inactive LS skin lesions. A standardized evaluation of a single designated study lesion per subject was performed at 3 visits. We evaluated the pattern and correlation between assessed features and physician's global assessments of activity (PGA-A). RESULTS: Ninety of 103 subjects had evaluable data; 66 had active and 24 inactive disease. Subjects had similar age of onset, sex, and disease patterns. Linear scleroderma was the most common subtype. Features specific for active disease included erythema, violaceous color, tactile warmth, abnormal skin texture, and disease extension. Scores for these variables changed over time and correlated with PGA-A of the lesion. Active and inactive lesions could not be distinguished by the presence or level of skin thickening, either of lesion edge or center. However, in active lesions, skin thickening scores did correlate with PGA-A scores. Regression analysis identified the combination of erythema, disease extension, violaceous color, skin thickening, and abnormal texture as predictive of PGA-A at study entry. Damage features were common irrespective of activity status. CONCLUSION: We identified variables strongly associated with disease activity, expanding upon those used in current measures, and determined their relative importance in physician activity scoring. Skin thickening was found to lack specificity for disease activity. These results will help guide development of a sensitive, responsive activity tool to improve care of patients with LS.

17.
Front Pediatr ; 6: 226, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30167431

RESUMO

Childhood onset anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis (AAV) is a rare group of primary systemic vasculitides affecting medium and small blood vessels. AAV includes granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), and renal limited ANCA vasculitis. These disorders are associated with severe clinical manifestations, frequent relapses and a high cumulative morbidity, and often present with multisystem involvement. Renal involvement is common in the pediatric age group, characterized by pauci-immune necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis which frequently progresses to chronic kidney disease in adulthood. ANCAs against proteinase 3 (PR3-ANCA) or myeloperoxidase (MPO) (MPO-ANCA) remain the hallmark of AAV and are integral to the disease pathogenesis. Newer understanding of neutrophil extracellular traps and complement activation have provided better insights into disease pathogenesis. A pediatric vasculitis working group has developed and validated childhood vasculitis classification criteria and disease activity and damage scores. No specific pediatric treatment recommendations exist due to rare nature of the illness in pediatric population. Smaller case series have been published on the efficacy of adult treatment regimens in pediatric patients. The prognosis often remains guarded with frequent relapses and a high cumulative morbidity. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive review on pediatric AAV with a focus on recent observations regarding epidemiology, disease pathogenesis, treatment, and prognosis.

18.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2018 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30101446

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical features, efficacy and safety of treatment regimens, and outcomes of childhood- and adult-onset Takayasu Arteritis (TAK). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study comparing patients with childhood-onset TAK since 1986 and adult-onset TAK since 1988 followed at four centers in Ontario, Canada until 2015. Demographic, clinical, laboratory and angiographic features, treatment regimens and outcomes were recorded throughout the course of disease. Disease activity and damage scores were completed retrospectively. RESULTS: Twenty-nine children and 48 adults (median age at diagnosis 12.1 and 31.2 years, respectively) were included. Children had lower female predominance (76% versus 100% in adults, p<0.01) and shorter diagnostic delay (median 6.0 versus 12.2 months, p=0.03). The distribution of vascular involvement was also different with children having significantly more aortic and renal artery involvement with a higher frequency of arterial hypertension. Relapses in the first year after diagnosis were common in children (39%) and adults (28%); two children, but no adults died. CONCLUSION: Childhood-onset TAK has lower female predominance, higher frequency of aortic and renal involvement compared to adult TAK patients. Relapses and disease burden were high in both groups corroborating the need for careful monitoring of disease activity and aggressive therapeutic management. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

19.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(11): 1599-1605, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30077992

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Autoinflammatory diseases can cause irreversible tissue damage due to systemic inflammation. Recently, the Autoinflammatory Disease Damage Index (ADDI) was developed. The ADDI is the first instrument to quantify damage in familial Mediterranean fever, cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes, mevalonate kinase deficiency and tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome. The aim of this study was to validate this tool for its intended use in a clinical/research setting. METHODS: The ADDI was scored on paper clinical cases by at least three physicians per case, independently of each other. Face and content validity were assessed by requesting comments on the ADDI. Reliability was tested by calculating the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) using an 'observer-nested-within-subject' design. Construct validity was determined by correlating the ADDI score to the Physician Global Assessment (PGA) of damage and disease activity. Redundancy of individual items was determined with Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: The ADDI was validated on a total of 110 paper clinical cases by 37 experts in autoinflammatory diseases. This yielded an ICC of 0.84 (95% CI 0.78 to 0.89). The ADDI score correlated strongly with PGA-damage (r=0.92, 95% CI 0.88 to 0.95) and was not strongly influenced by disease activity (r=0.395, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.55). After comments from disease experts, some item definitions were refined. The interitem correlation in all different categories was lower than 0.7, indicating that there was no redundancy between individual damage items. CONCLUSION: The ADDI is a reliable and valid instrument to quantify damage in individual patients and can be used to compare disease outcomes in clinical studies.

20.
Pediatr Transplant ; 22(7): e13264, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30003623

RESUMO

Oral ulceration is a non-specific clinical finding with many potential causes. The persistence of oral ulcers in the context of a patient post-SOT is concerning for PTLD. There is growing evidence that SOT recipients may also be at higher risk of autoimmune diseases. This case report describes a pediatric patient with persistent oral ulcers after heart transplant, who underwent an extensive workup for PTLD, including repeat investigations, with a subsequent diagnosis of Behçet's disease.

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