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1.
Chemphyschem ; 21(10): 1036-1043, 2020 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176399

RESUMO

Cationic lanthanide complexes are generally able to spontaneously internalize into living cells. Following our previous works based on a diMe-cyclen framework, a second generation of cationic water-soluble lanthanide complexes based on a constrained cross-bridged cyclam macrocycle functionalized with donor-π-conjugated picolinate antennas was prepared with europium(III) and ytterbium(III). Their spectroscopic properties were thoroughly investigated in various solvents and rationalized with the help of DFT calculations. A significant improvement was observed in the case of the Eu3+ complex, while the Yb3+ analogue conserved photophysical properties in aqueous solvent. Two-photon (2P) microscopy imaging experiments on living T24 human cancer cells confirmed the spontaneous internalization of the probes and images with good signal-to-noise ratio were obtained in the classic NIR-to-visible configuration with the Eu3+ luminescent bioprobe and in the NIR-to-NIR with the Yb3+ one.

2.
Chemistry ; 26(37): 8226-8229, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159902

RESUMO

We report the straightforward synthesis of unprecedented electron-acceptors based on dicationic P-containing PAHs (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons) based on copper mediated radical approach. In these systems, two phosphoniums are connected through various PAHs backbones. The impact of π-extension on both the optical and redox properties is investigated using a joint experimental (UV/Vis absorption, fluorescence and cyclic voltammetry) and theoretical approach (TD-DFT calculations). Finally, (spectro)-electrochemical studies prove that these compounds possess three redox states and EPR studies confirm the in situ formation of an organic radical delocalized on the PAH backbone.

3.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(7): 1462-1475, 2020 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32025679

RESUMO

Selective glycosylation of the C-6 fluorinated galactofuranosyl acceptor 2 was studied with four galactofuranosyl donors. It was highlighted that this electron-withdrawing atom strongly impacted the behavior of the acceptor, thus leading to unprecedented glycosylation pathways. Competition between expected glycosylation of 2, ring expansion of this acceptor and furanosylation, and intermolecular aglycon transfer was observed. Further investigation of the fluorinated synthetic compounds showed that the presence of fluorine atom contributed to increase the inhibition of the growth of Leishmania tarentolae, a non-pathogenic strain of Leishmania.

4.
Molecules ; 25(3)2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31979347

RESUMO

The reaction between the 2,2'-benzene-1,4-diylbis(6-hydroxy-4,7-di-tert-butyl-1,3-benzodithiol-2-ylium-5-olate triad (H2SQ) and the metallo-precursor [Yb(hfac)3]2H2O led to the formation of a dinuclear coordination complex of formula [Yb2(hfac)6(H2SQ)]0.5CH2Cl2 (H2SQ-Yb). After chemical oxidation of H2SQ in 2,2'-cyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,4-diylidenebis(4,7-di-tert-butyl-1,3-benzodithiole-5,6-dione (Q), the latter triad reacted with the [Yb(hfac)3]2H2O precursor to give the dinuclear complex of formula [Yb2(hfac)6(Q)] (Q-Yb). Both dinuclear compounds have been characterized by X-ray diffraction, DFT optimized structure and electronic absorption spectra. They behaved as field-induced Single-Molecule Magnets (SMMs) nevertheless the chemical oxidation of the semiquinone to quinone moieties accelerated by a factor of five the relaxation time of the magnetization of Q-Yb compared to the one for H2SQ-Yb. The H2SQ triad efficiently sensitized the YbIII luminescence while the chemical oxidation of H2SQ into Q induced strong modification of the absorption properties and thus a quenching of the YbIII luminescence for Q-Yb. In other words, both magnetic modulation and luminescence quenching are reached by the oxidation of the protonated semiquinone into quinone.

5.
Chemistry ; 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943417

RESUMO

A textbook dysprosium dinuclear complex based on acetylacetone ligands, [Dy2 (acac)4 (µ2 -acac)2 (H2 O)2 ], has been synthesized and fully characterized. This simple dimeric lanthanide complex shows well-resolved solid-state luminescence and behaves as a single-molecule magnet under zero DC field. A seminal crystal-field approach is used to marry both magnetism and luminescence in the frame of an energetic picture.

6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(2): 780-784, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682058

RESUMO

We report a single-chain magnet (SCM) made of a terbium(III) building block and a nitronyl-nitroxide radical (NIT) functionalized with an aliphatic chain. This substitution is targeted to induce a long-range distortion of the polymeric chain and accordingly it gives rise to chains that are curled with almost 20 nm helical pitch. They self-organize as a chiral tubular superstructure made of 11 chains wound around each other. The supramolecular tubes have a 4.5 nm internal diameter. Overall, this forms a porous chiral network with almost 44 % porosity. Ab initio calculations highlight that each TbIII ion possesses high magnetic anisotropy. Indeed, notwithstanding the supramolecular arrangement each chain behaves as a SCM. Magnetic relaxation with both finite and infinite-size regimes is observed and confirms the validity of the Ising approximation. This is associated with quite strong coercive field and magnetic remanence (Hc =2400 Oe MR =2.09 µB at 0.5 K) for this class of compounds.

7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(97): 14661-14664, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746846

RESUMO

We report the first bromine-bridged dinuclear [Dy(Cy3PO)2(µ-Br)(Br)2]2·2C7H8 single-molecule magnet with an effective energy barrier of 684 K and magnetic hysteresis below 3 K. The asymmetric DyIII centres present two unique stereoisomeric octahedral coordination environments depending on the cis/trans disposition of the Cy3PO ligands, leading to the orthogonality of the easy magnetic axes that annihilates the dipolar interactions.

8.
Chem Sci ; 10(30): 7233-7245, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588292

RESUMO

Lanthanide ions when complexed by polyamino-polycarboxylate chelators form a class of compounds of paramount importance in several research and technological areas, particularly in the fields of magnetic resonance and molecular magnetism. Indeed, the gadolinium derivative is one of the most employed contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging while the dysprosium one belongs to a new generation of contrast agents for T2-weighted MRI. In molecular magnetism, Single Molecule Magnets (SMMs) containing lanthanide ions have become readily popular in the chemistry and physics communities since record energy barriers to the reversal of magnetization were reported. The success of lanthanide complexes lies in their large anisotropy due to the contribution of the unquenched orbital angular momentum. However, only a few efforts have been made so far to understand how the f-orbitals can be influenced by the surrounding ligands. The outcomes have been rationalized using mere electrostatic perturbation models. In the archetype compound [Na{Dy(DOTA) (H2O)}]·4H2O (Na{DyDOTA}·4H2O) an unexpected easy axis of magnetization perpendicular to the pseudo-tetragonal axis of the molecule was found. Interestingly, a dependency of the orientation of the principal magnetization axis on the simple rotation of the coordinating apical water molecule (AWM) - highly relevant for MRI contrast - around the Dy-OAWM bond was predicted by ab initio calculations, too. However, such a behaviour has been contested in a subsequent paper justifying their conclusions on pure electrostatic assumptions. In this paper, we want to shed some light on the nature of the subtle effects induced by the water molecule on the magnetic properties of the DyDOTA archetype complex. Therefore, we have critically reviewed the structural models already published in the literature along with new ones, showing how the easy axis orientation can dangerously depend on the chosen model. The different computed behaviors of the orientation of the easy axis of magnetization have been rationalized as a function of the energy gap between the ground and the first excited doublet. Magneto-structural correlations together with a mapping of the electrostatic potential generated by the ligands around the Dy(iii) ion through a multipolar expansion have also been used to evidence and quantify the covalent contribution of the AWM orbitals.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 48(42): 16053-16061, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612893

RESUMO

We report the synthesis, ab initio calculations, magnetic and optical characterization of a DyIII-based dimeric compound named DyAZO. The dimers self-organize into a supramolecular chain decorated with photo-isomerizable azobenzene ligands. DyAZO displays single-molecule magnet (SMM) behavior. However, ab initio calculations highlight a quite strong admixture of MJ states of the 6H15/2 level of DyIII ions, the presence of low-lying excited MJ states and antiferromagnetic Dy-Dy dipolar coupling. This favors zero-field fast tunneling. Accordingly the Dy-doped analogue YDyAZO (5.5% Dy doping) displays enhanced magnetic relaxation with a hysteresis that is observed at 0.5 K. The influence of the cis- to trans-isomerization of the decorating azobenzene ligand on magnetic properties has been tested for both solid samples and solutions of DyAZO and YDyAZO. This provides hints for the synthesis of future Dy-based photo-isomerizable molecules.

10.
Chemistry ; 25(52): 12120-12136, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461188

RESUMO

The local magnetic structure in the [FeIII (Tp)(CN)3 ]- building block was investigated by combining paramagnetic Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (pNMR) spectroscopy and polarized neutron diffraction (PND) with first-principle calculations. The use of the pNMR and PND experimental techniques revealed the extension of spin-density from the metal to the ligands, as well as the different spin mechanisms that take place in the cyanido ligands: Spin-polarization on the carbon atoms and spin-delocalization on the nitrogen atoms. The results of our combined density functional theory (DFT) and multireference calculations were found in good agreement with the PND results and the experimental NMR chemical shifts. Moreover, the ab-initio calculations allowed us to connect the experimental spin-density map characterized by PND and the suggested distribution of the spin-density on the ligands observed by NMR spectroscopy. Interestingly, significant differences were observed between the pseudo-contact contributions of the chemical shifts obtained by theoretical calculations and the values derived from NMR spectroscopy using a simple point-dipole model. These discrepancies underline the limitation of the point-dipole model and the need for more elaborate approaches to break down the experimental pNMR chemical shifts into contact and pseudo-contact contributions.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 58(15): 10097-10110, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287673

RESUMO

The uranyl(V) complexes [UO2(dbm)2K(18C6)]2 (dbm = dibenzoylmethanate) and [UO2(L)]3(L = 2-(4-tolyl)-1,3-bis(quinolyl)malondiiminate), exhibiting diamond-shaped U2O2 and triangular-shaped U3O3 cores respectively with 5f1-5f1 and 5f1-5f1-5f1 configurations, have been investigated using relativistic density functional theory (DFT). The bond order and QTAIM analyses reveal that the covalent contribution to the bonding within the oxo cores is slightly more important for U3O3 than for U2O2, in line with the shorter U-O distances existing in the trinuclear complex in comparison to those in the binuclear complex. Using the broken symmetry (BS) approach combined with the B3LYP functional for the calculation of the magnetic exchange coupling constants (J) between the magnetic centers, the antiferromagnetic (AF) character of these complexes was confirmed, the estimated J values being respectively equal to -24.1 and -7.2 cm-1 for the dioxo and trioxo species. It was found that the magnetic exchange is more sensitive to small variations of the core geometry of the dioxo species in comparison to the trioxo species. Although the robust AF exchange coupling within the UxOx cores is generally maintained when small variations of the UOU angle are applied, a weak ferromagnetic character appears in the dioxo species when this angle is higher than 114°, its value for the actual structure being equal to 105.9°. The electronic factors driving the magnetic coupling are discussed.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 58(18): 11903-11911, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192594

RESUMO

Four hexanuclear circular helicates, {[Dy6L6(DMF)12]·6CF3SO3·12DMF}2 (1Dy), {[Gd6L6(DMF)12]·6CF3SO3·12DMF}2 (1Gd), [Dy6L6(DMF)10(H2O)2]·6ClO4·4H2O·10DMF (2Dy), and [Gd6L6(DMF)12]·6ClO4·2H2O·10DMF (2Gd), where DMF = N,N-dimethylformamide, were synthesized by employing a glutaratedihydrazide-bridged bis(3-methoxysalicylaldehyde) ligand (H2L) and characterized structurally and magnetically. Direct-current magnetic susceptibility studies indicated predominant weak antiferromagnetic exchange interactions among gadolinium analogues, which were quantified using the PHI software, giving J = -0.003 cm-1 with g = 2.00 for 1Gd and J = -0.001 cm-1 with g = 2.02 for 2Gd. Alternating-current magnetic susceptibility measurements indicated that complexes 1Dy and 2Dy show slow relaxation of magnetization behavior, further supported by theoretical calculations that also highlighted the toroidal arrangement of the magnetic moments.

14.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 15(7): 4140-4155, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125219

RESUMO

Complete and restricted active space self-consistent field (CAS-/RAS-SCF) wave function methods are applied for the calculation of circular dichroism (CD) and circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) of a series of molecules comprising four organic ketones, the chiral cobalt(III) complex [Co(en)3]3+, and the europium(III) complex [Eu(DPA)3]3-. The ab initio results are in good agreement with the experimental data and previous results obtained with Kohn-Sham density functional theory in the case of the spin-allowed transitions. CD and CPL properties are calculated ab initio for the spin-forbidden transitions of both a transition metal and a lanthanide complex.

15.
Dalton Trans ; 48(12): 3922-3929, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30816374

RESUMO

A centro-symmetric binuclear compound of formula [Dy(L)·(CH3COO)2·(H2O)2]2 (1) was isolated from the reaction between the 2,4-dinitrobenzoate anion (L) and the tris(acetate) of Dy(iii). Single crystal diffraction studies reveal a µ1-κ2,η1:η1 chelating binding mode of L while the binuclear compound is formed by the two bridging (µ2-κ3,η1:η2) acetate anions. The nona-coordinated sphere of each Dy(iii) ion is filled with a chelating (κ2,η1:η1) acetate anion and two terminal water molecules. Static magnetic measurements combined with ab initio SA-CASSCF/RASSI-SO calculations lead to two intramolecular competitive interactions i.e. ferromagnetic exchange interactions (0.04 cm-1) and antiferromagnetic dipolar interactions (-0.5 cm-1). Finally, dynamic magnetic measurements revealed a Single-Molecule Magnet behaviour in a zero-applied magnetic field with an effective energy barrier Δ = 21.5(2) cm-1 and τ0 = 7(3) × 10-6 s through Orbach and Quantum Tunnelling of the Magnetization relaxation mechanisms.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 58(4): 2872-2880, 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30726073

RESUMO

The tailoring of the coordination chemistry around f-element centers is a crucial step for the development of compounds with slow magnetic relaxation, including single-molecule magnets (SMMs), which have great potential in molecular spintronics and for future quantum computing devices. Lanthanide ions are particularly interesting because the predominant electrostatic model of their bonding allows rationalizing their coordination symmetry. However, to the best of our knowledge, the redox properties of the lanthanides are not taken into account for the design of SMMs, and therefore all SMMs reported to date contain lanthanide ions in their trivalent oxidation state. In this Article, divalent lanthanide compounds presenting field-induced slow magnetic relaxation are reported. The rational design and synthesis of two TmII complexes with the 18-crown-6 ligand are presented along with their emission and EPR properties, which help to probe the desired nature of the ground state, that is, maximizing the anisotropy. The observed magnetic properties demonstrate their slow magnetic relaxation behavior in a moderate external magnetic field.

17.
Dalton Trans ; 48(6): 2135-2141, 2019 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30667435

RESUMO

The study of mononuclear lanthanide-based systems, where the observed Single Molecule Magnets (SMMs) properties originate from the local magnetic anisotropy of the single lanthanide ion, has been extensively investigated in the literature. The case for polynuclear lanthanide SMMs becomes more challenging both experimentally and theoretically due to the complexity of such architectures involving interactions between the magnetic centers. Much interest was devoted to the study of the structural effect on the magnetic interactions and relaxation dynamics. However, the understanding of the structural influence on those two factors remains a difficult task. To address this issue, a system containing two structurally related tetranuclear Dy(iii) SMMs, namely [Dy4(L)4(OH)2(DMF)4(NO3)2]·2(DMF)·(H2O) (1) and [Dy4(L)4(OH)2(DMF)2(NO3)2] (2) (H2L = 2-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylideneamino)phenol), is introduced and investigated. Through modifying the ligands on the changeable coordination sites, the intramolecular magnetic interactions and relaxation dynamics in these two Dy(iii)4 SMMs can be tuned. Both complexes exhibit slow relaxation of their magnetization with a relaxation barrier of 114 K for complex 2 while a blocking temperature below 2 K is observed for complex 1. Ab initio calculations reveal that changes in coordination numbers and geometries on the Dy(iii) sites can significantly affect the magnetic interactions as well as single-ion anisotropy. The combination of experimental work and ab initio calculations offers insight into the relationship between structures and magnetic properties and sheds light on the rational design of future polynuclear lanthanide SMMs with enhanced magnetic properties.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 58(1): 52-56, 2019 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30550268

RESUMO

The design of a coordination complex that involves a ligand combining both a tetrathiafulvalene core and a helicene fragment was achieved thanks to the reaction between the new 2-{1-[2-methyl[6]helicene]-4,5-[4,5-bis(propylthio)tetrathiafulvalenyl]-1 H-benzimidazol-2-yl}pyridine ligand (L) and the Dy(hfac)3·2H2O metalloprecursor. Magnetic investigations showed field-induced single-molecule-magnet (SMM) behavior under an applied magnetic field of 1000 Oe for [Dy(hfac)3(L)]·0.5CH2Cl2, while experimentally oriented single-crystal magnetic measurements allowed for determination of the magnetic anisotropy orientation. The magnetic behavior was rationalized through ab initio CASSCF/SI-SO calculations. This redox-active chiral-field-induced SMM paves the way for the design of switchable-multiproperty SMMs.

19.
Front Chem ; 6: 552, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30483497

RESUMO

Tetrathiafulvalene and 1,10-phenanthroline moieties present, respectively remarkable redox-active and complexation activities. In this work, we investigated the coordination reaction between the bis(1,10-phenanthro[5,6-b])tetrathiafulvalene triad (L) and the Dy(hfac)3·2H2O metallo precursor. The resulting {[Dy2(hfac)6(L)]·CH2Cl2·C6H14}3 (1) dinuclear complex showed a crystal structure in which the triad L bridged two terminal Dy(hfac)3 units and the supramolecular co-planar arrangement of the triads is driven by donor-acceptor interactions. The frequency dependence of the out-of-phase component of the magnetic susceptibility highlights three distinct maxima under a 2000 Oe static applied magnetic field, a sign that 1 displays a Single-Molecule Magnet (SMM) behavior with multiple magnetic relaxations. Ab initio calculations rationalized the Ising character of the magnetic anisotropy of the DyIII ions and showed that the main anisotropy axes are perpendicular to the co-planar arrangement of the triads. Single-crystal rotating magnetometry confirms the orientation of the main magnetic axis. Finally combining structural analysis and probability of magnetic relaxation pathways through Quantum Tunneling of the Magnetization (QTM) vs. excited states (Orbach), each DyIII center has been attributed to one of the three observed magnetic relaxation times. Such coordination compound can be considered as an ideal candidate to perform redox-magnetic switching.

20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(52): 17089-17093, 2018 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30411438

RESUMO

Molecular materials that possess a toroidal moment associated to a non-magnetic ground state are known as single-molecule toroics (SMTs) and are usually planar molecules. Herein, we report a Dy4 cubane, namely [Dy4 (Bppd)4 (µ3 -OH)4 (Pa)4 (H2 O)4 ]⋅0.333 H2 O (where BppdH=1,3-Bis(pyridin-4-yl)propane-1,3-dione and PaH=2-Picolinic acid) for which magnetometry measurements and state-of-art ab initio calculations highlight SMT behavior in a tridimensional structure (3D-SMT). The in-depth theoretical analysis on the resulting low-lying energy states, along with their variation in function of the magnetic exchange pathways, allows further light to be shed on the description of single-molecule toroics and identify the coupling scheme that better reproduces the observed data.

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