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1.
Entropy (Basel) ; 22(8)2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33286618

RESUMO

This review illustrates how Local Fermi Liquid (LFL) theories describe the strongly correlated and coherent low-energy dynamics of quantum dot devices. This approach consists in an effective elastic scattering theory, accounting exactly for strong correlations. Here, we focus on the mesoscopic capacitor and recent experiments achieving a Coulomb-induced quantum state transfer. Extending to out-of-equilibrium regimes, aimed at triggered single electron emission, we illustrate how inelastic effects become crucial, requiring approaches beyond LFLs, shedding new light on past experimental data by showing clear interaction effects in the dynamics of mesoscopic capacitors.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(13): 136803, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302178

RESUMO

We show that mesoscopic coherent fluctuations of light propagating in random media induce fluctuating radiation forces. A hydrodynamic Langevin approach is used to describe the coherent light fluctuations, whose noise term accounts for mesoscopic coherent effects. This description-generalizable to other quantum or classical wave problems-allows us to understand coherent fluctuations as a nonequilibrium light flow, characterized by the diffusion coefficient D and the mobility σ, otherwise related by a Einstein relation. The strength of these fluctuating forces is determined by a single dimensionless and tunable parameter, the conductance g_{L}. Orders of magnitude of these fluctuation forces are offered that show experimental feasibility.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(7): 075302, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491113

RESUMO

We study a one-dimensional interacting quantum liquid hosting a pair of mobile impurities causing backscattering. We determine the effective retarded interaction between the two impurities mediated by the liquid. We show that for strong backscattering this interaction gives rise to resonances and antiresonances in the finite-frequency mobility of the impurity pair. At the antiresonances, the two impurities remain at rest even when driven by a (small) external force. At the resonances, their synchronous motion follows the external drive in phase and reaches maximum amplitude. Using a perturbative renormalization group analysis in quantum tunneling across the impurities, we study the range of validity of our model. We predict that these mechanical antiresonances are observable in experiments on ultracold atom gases confined to one dimension.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 120(15): 157201, 2018 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29756857

RESUMO

Recently, the frustrated XY model for spins 1/2 on the honeycomb lattice has attracted a lot of attention in relation with the possibility to realize a chiral spin liquid state. This model is relevant to the physics of some quantum magnets. Using the flexibility of ultracold atom setups, we propose an alternative way to realize this model through the Mott regime of the bosonic Kane-Mele-Hubbard model. The phase diagram of this model is derived using bosonic dynamical mean-field theory. Focusing on the Mott phase, we investigate its magnetic properties as a function of frustration. We do find an emergent chiral spin state in the intermediate frustration regime. Using exact diagonalization we study more closely the physics of the effective frustrated XY model and the properties of the chiral spin state. This gapped phase displays a chiral order, breaking time-reversal and parity symmetry, but is not topologically ordered (the Chern number is zero).

5.
Nature ; 526(7572): 203-4, 2015 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26450053
6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 111(15): 150601, 2013 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24160585

RESUMO

We introduce a generic bosonic model exemplifying that (spin) Meissner currents can persist in insulating phases of matter. We consider two species of interacting bosons on a lattice. Our model exhibits separation of charge (total density) and spin (relative density): the charge sector is gapped in a bosonic Mott insulator phase with total density one, while the spin sector remains superfluid due to interspecies conversion. Coupling the spin sector to the gauge fields yields a spin Meissner effect reflecting the long-range spin superfluid coherence. We investigate the resulting phase diagram and describe other possible spin phases of matter in the Mott regime possessing chiral currents as well as a spin-density wave phase. The model presented here is realizable in Josephson junction arrays and in cold atom experiments.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 109(20): 205303, 2012 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23215500

RESUMO

We consider the time-reversal-invariant Hofstadter-Hubbard model which can be realized in cold-atom experiments. In these experiments, an additional staggered potential and an artificial Rashba-type spin-orbit coupling are available. Without interactions, the system exhibits various phases such as topological and normal insulator, metal as well as semi-metal phases with two or even more Dirac cones. Using a combination of real-space dynamical mean-field theory and analytical techniques, we discuss the effect of on-site interactions and determine the corresponding phase diagram. In particular, we investigate the semi-metal to antiferromagnetic insulator transition and the stability of different topological insulator phases in the presence of strong interactions. We compute spectral functions which allow us to study the edge states of the strongly correlated topological phases.

8.
Phys Rev Lett ; 108(11): 116401, 2012 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22540493

RESUMO

We show that the concept of bipartite fluctuations F provides a very efficient tool to detect quantum phase transitions in strongly correlated systems. Using state-of-the-art numerical techniques complemented with analytical arguments, we investigate paradigmatic examples for both quantum spins and bosons. As compared to the von Neumann entanglement entropy, we observe that F allows us to find quantum critical points with much better accuracy in one dimension. We further demonstrate that F can be successfully applied to the detection of quantum criticality in higher dimensions with no prior knowledge of the universality class of the transition. Promising approaches to experimentally access fluctuations are discussed for quantum antiferromagnets and cold gases.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 107(17): 176601, 2011 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22107549

RESUMO

We investigate the dynamical charge response of the Anderson model viewed as a quantum RC circuit. Applying a low-energy effective Fermi liquid theory, a generalized Korringa-Shiba formula is derived at zero temperature, and the charge relaxation resistance is expressed solely in terms of static susceptibilities which are accessible by Bethe ansatz. We identify a giant charge relaxation resistance at intermediate magnetic fields related to the destruction of the Kondo singlet. The scaling properties of this peak are computed analytically in the Kondo regime. We also show that the resistance peak fades away at the particle-hole symmetric point.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 102(21): 216803, 2009 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19519125

RESUMO

We investigate the nonequilibrium transport near a quantum phase transition in a generic and relatively simple model, the dissipative resonant level model, that has many applications for nanosystems. We formulate a rigorous mapping and apply a controlled frequency-dependent renormalization group approach to compute the nonequilibrium current in the presence of a finite bias voltage V and a finite temperature T. For V-->0, we find that the conductance has its well-known equilibrium form, while it displays a distinct nonequilibrium profile at finite voltage.

11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 101(9): 097007, 2008 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18851645

RESUMO

We study the Josephson effect in small one-dimensional (1D) Josephson junction arrays. For weak Josephson tunneling, topologically different regions in the charge-stability diagram generate distinct current-phase (I-phi) relationships. We present results for a three-junction system in the vicinity of charge-degeneracy lines and triple points. We explain the generalization to larger arrays, show that discontinuities of the I-phi relation at phase pi persist and that, at maximum degeneracy, the problem can be mapped to a tight-binding model providing analytical results for arbitrary system size.

12.
Phys Rev Lett ; 99(12): 126801, 2007 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17930536

RESUMO

We investigate the entanglement between a spin and its environment in impurity systems which exhibit a second-order quantum phase transition separating a delocalized and a localized phase for the spin. As an application, we employ the spin-boson model, describing a two-level system (spin) coupled to a sub-Ohmic bosonic bath with power-law spectral density, J(omega) proportional to omega(s) and 0 < s < 1. Combining Wilson's numerical renormalization group method and hyperscaling relations, we demonstrate that the entanglement between the spin and its environment is always enhanced at the quantum phase transition resulting in a visible cusp (maximum) in the entropy of entanglement. We formulate a correspondence between criticality and impurity entanglement entropy, and the relevance of these ideas to nanosystems is outlined.

13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 98(22): 220401, 2007 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17677820

RESUMO

We study the entanglement between a qubit and its environment from the spin-boson model with Ohmic dissipation. Through a mapping to the anisotropic Kondo model, we derive the entropy of entanglement of the spin E(alpha,Delta,h), where alpha is the dissipation strength, Delta is the tunneling amplitude between qubit states, and h is the level asymmetry. For 1-alpha>>Delta/omegac and (Delta,h)<>TK, E vanishes as (TK/h)2-2alpha, up to a logarithmic correction. For a given h, the maximum entanglement occurs at a value of alpha which lies in the crossover regime h approximately TK. We emphasize the possibility of measuring this entanglement using charge qubits subject to electromagnetic noise.

14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 96(10): 106803, 2006 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16605773

RESUMO

We theoretically introduce a mesoscopic pendulum from a triple dot. The pendulum is fastened through a singly occupied dot (spin qubit). Two other strongly capacitively coupled islands form a double-dot charge qubit with one electron in excess oscillating between the two low-energy charge states (1,0) and (0,1). The triple dot is placed between two superconducting leads. Under realistic conditions, the main proximity effect stems from the injection of resonating singlet (valence) bonds on the triple dot. This gives rise to a Josephson current that is charge- and spin-dependent and, as a consequence, exhibits a distinct resonance as a function of the superconducting phase difference.

15.
Phys Rev Lett ; 95(7): 076801, 2005 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16196809

RESUMO

We investigate the dephasing of mesoscopic interferences by electron-electron interactions in a strictly one-dimensional geometry composed of two weakly coupled (clean and very long) Luttinger liquids. We demonstrate that interactions can produce a visible attenuation of Aharonov-Bohm oscillations. Through a Nyquist-noise-type description of the interactions and a direct (exact) calculation based on the Luttinger theory, we firmly stress that the dephasing time results from the electron fractionalization time.

16.
Phys Rev Lett ; 95(8): 086406, 2005 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16196880

RESUMO

We show that the Bose-Fermi Kondo model (BFKM), which may find applicability both to certain dissipative mesoscopic qubit devices and to heavy-fermion systems described by the Kondo lattice model, can be mapped exactly onto the Caldeira-Leggett model. This mapping requires an ohmic bosonic bath and an Ising-type coupling between the latter and the impurity spin. This allows us to conclude unambiguously that there is an emergent Kosterlitz-Thouless quantum phase transition in the BFKM with an ohmic bosonic bath. By applying a bosonic numerical renormalization group approach, we thoroughly probe physical quantities close to the quantum phase transition.

17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 93(17): 176802, 2004 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15525103

RESUMO

We investigate transport through an exotic charge qubit composed of two strongly capacitively coupled quantum dots, each being independently connected to a side gate which in general exhibits a fluctuating electrostatic field (i.e., Johnson-Nyquist noise). Two quantum phases are found: the "Kondo" phase where an orbital-Kondo entanglement emerges and a "local moment" phase in which the noise destroys the Kondo effect leaving the orbital spin unscreened and resulting in a clear suppression of the conductance. In the Kondo realm, the transfer of charge across the setting is accompanied by zero-point charge fluctuations in the two dissipative environments and then the I-V characteristics are governed by what we call "dissipative cotunneling."

18.
Phys Rev Lett ; 92(19): 196804, 2004 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15169432

RESUMO

We focus on a metallic quantum dot coupled to a reservoir of electrons through a single-mode point contact and capacitively connected to a back gate, by including that the gate voltage can exhibit noise; this will occur when connecting the gate lead to a transmission line with a finite impedance. The voltage fluctuations at the back gate can be described through a Caldeira-Leggett model of harmonic oscillators. For weak tunneling between the lead and the dot, exploiting the anisotropic Bose-Fermi spin model, we show that zero-point fluctuations of the environment can markedly alter the Matveev Kondo fixed point leading to an amplification of the charge quantization phenomenon.

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