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Chemosphere ; 238: 124610, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450112


Antifouling paint particles (APPs) are residues generated primarily during maintenance of vessels and marine structures, and usually occur in boat maintenance areas that are adjacent to aquatic environments, such as estuaries. APPs end up in sediment layers after their release into aquatic systems and represent a threat to benthic invertebrates, which have different habitat and feeding modes. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the toxicity of APPs-spiked sediment to the benthic microcrustaceans Monokalliapseudes schubarti (a tanaid) and Hyalella azteca (an amphipod), testing whole sediment and elutriate solutions under estuarine conditions. Whole sediment spiked with APPs was more toxic to these organisms than the elutriate solution. This toxicity was attributed to the high concentrations of Cu and Zn metals quantified in the APPs. During the whole sediment test, M. schubarti was more sensitive than H. azteca. M. schubarti is an infauna organism, and its interaction with sediments (e.g. by ingestion of sediment particles) makes it more susceptible to compounds released from APPs than H. azteca, which tends to interact with these compounds at the sediment-water interface. In addition, in tests with sediment elutriate and without sediment, M. schubarti was not affected, while elutriate with 1.50% APPs showed to be significantly toxic to H. azteca. Moreover, these results indicate that APPs act as continuous and localized sources of metals to benthic organisms, highlighting the importance of better APP management and disposal practices in boat maintenance areas to avoid local aquatic contamination.

Anfípodes/efeitos dos fármacos , Crustáceos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sedimentos Geológicos/análise , Pintura/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle