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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244647, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278527

RESUMO

Abstract The essential oil of citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus) has several biological activities, among them the insect repellent action. Some studies showed that cinnamic acid esters can be applied as natural pesticides, insecticides and fungicides. In this context, the objective of the present work was to evaluate the production of esters from citronella essential oil with cinnamic acid via enzymatic esterification. Besides, the essential oil toxicity before and after esterification against Artemia salina and larvicidal action on Aedes aegypti was investigated. Esters were produced using cinnamic acid as the acylating agent and citronella essential oil (3:1) in heptane and 15 wt% NS 88011 enzyme as biocatalysts, at 70 °C and 150 rpm. Conversion rates of citronellyl and geranyl cinnamates were 58.7 and 69.0% for NS 88011, respectively. For the toxicity to Artemia salina LC50 results of 5.29 μg mL-1 were obtained for the essential oil and 4.36 μg mL-1 for the esterified oils obtained with NS 88011. In the insecticidal activity against Aedes aegypti larvae, was obtained LC50 of 111.84 μg mL-1 for the essential oil of citronella and 86.30 μg mL-1 for the esterified oils obtained with the enzyme NS 88011, indicating high toxicity of the esters. The results demonstrated that the evaluated samples present potential of application as bioinsecticide.


Resumo O óleo essencial de citronela (Cymbopogon winterianus) possui diversas atividades biológicas, entre elas a ação repelente a insetos. Alguns estudos mostraram que os ésteres do ácido cinâmico podem ser aplicados como pesticidas naturais, inseticidas e fungicidas. Nesse contexto, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a produção de ésteres a partir do óleo essencial de citronela com ácido cinâmico via esterificação enzimática. Além disso, foi investigada a toxicidade do óleo essencial antes e após a esterificação contra Artemia salina e a ação larvicida sobre Aedes aegypti. Os ésteres foram produzidos utilizando ácido cinâmico como agente acilante e óleo essencial de citronela (3: 1) em heptano e 15% em peso da enzima NS 88011 como biocatalisadores, a 70 ° C e 150 rpm. As taxas de conversão de cinamatos de citronelil e geranil foram 58,7 e 69,0% para NS 88011, respectivamente. Para a toxicidade sobre Artemia salina foram obtidos CL50 de 5,29 μg mL-1 para o óleo essencial e 4,36 μg mL-1 para os óleos esterificados com NS 88011. Na atividade inseticida contra larvas de Aedes aegypti, obteve-se CL50 de 111,84 μg mL-1 para o óleo essencial de citronela e 86,30 μg mL-1 para os óleos esterificados com a enzima NS 88011, indicando alta toxicidade dos ésteres. Os resultados demonstraram que as amostras avaliadas apresentam potencial de aplicação como bioinseticida.

2.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e244647, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190758

RESUMO

The essential oil of citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus) has several biological activities, among them the insect repellent action. Some studies showed that cinnamic acid esters can be applied as natural pesticides, insecticides and fungicides. In this context, the objective of the present work was to evaluate the production of esters from citronella essential oil with cinnamic acid via enzymatic esterification. Besides, the essential oil toxicity before and after esterification against Artemia salina and larvicidal action on Aedes aegypti was investigated. Esters were produced using cinnamic acid as the acylating agent and citronella essential oil (3:1) in heptane and 15 wt% NS 88011 enzyme as biocatalysts, at 70 °C and 150 rpm. Conversion rates of citronellyl and geranyl cinnamates were 58.7 and 69.0% for NS 88011, respectively. For the toxicity to Artemia salina LC50 results of 5.29 µg mL-1 were obtained for the essential oil and 4.36 µg mL-1 for the esterified oils obtained with NS 88011. In the insecticidal activity against Aedes aegypti larvae, was obtained LC50 of 111.84 µg mL-1 for the essential oil of citronella and 86.30 µg mL-1 for the esterified oils obtained with the enzyme NS 88011, indicating high toxicity of the esters. The results demonstrated that the evaluated samples present potential of application as bioinsecticide.


Assuntos
Aedes , Cymbopogon , Repelentes de Insetos , Inseticidas , Óleos Voláteis , Animais , Esterificação , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Larva , Óleos Voláteis/toxicidade
3.
J Appl Microbiol ; 124(5): 1107-1121, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29292556

RESUMO

AIMS: To screen 20 micro-organisms for ω-transaminase (ω-TA) activity by the kinetic resolution of rac-1-phenylethylamine, followed by testing rac-amines of pharmaceutical interest with bulky substituents and to conduct the asymmetric synthesis of a chiral amine. METHODS AND RESULTS: Stemphylium lycopersici was selected as the best biocatalyst. By the central composite rotatable design (CCRD), it was found that, at lower pH (5·5 and 6·5), the lyophilized micro-organism biocatalysed the kinetic resolution of rac-1-phenylethylamine with 99% enantiomeric excess (e.e.) ((R)-enantiomer) with acetophenone conversions ranged from 41 to 45%. Interestingly, the lyophilized crude enzymatic extract lead to better results at pH from 7·0 to 9·0, with conversions up to 47% and about 99% e.e. We also attested that as much as higher is the pyruvate (amino acceptor) concentration, higher is the acetophenone conversion, corroborating the presence of ω-TA-type enzymes. Among different sterically hindered racemic amines tested, rac-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1-naphthylamine and rac-phenylbutylamine were satisfactorily kinetically resolved in up to 91% e.e. (R). The results for the asymmetric synthesis showed excellent conversion (>85%) for the S-1-phenylethylamine, indicating (S)-stereopreference. CONCLUSION: Stemphylium lycopersici showed to be an important tool for broader substrate scope transaminases and a relevant player on the development of new biocatalysts with ability in asymmetric synthesis reactions. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Here in, we contribute to the improvement of the biocatalytic toolbox for chiral amines synthesis. Interestingly, we have found that the crude enzymatic extract of the endophytic fungus S. lycopersici could accept bulky substrates with reasonable activity, compared to the wild-type transaminase already published over literature, and with high enantioselectivity.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Aminas/metabolismo , Ascomicetos/enzimologia , Acetofenonas/metabolismo , Biocatálise , Biotransformação , Cinética , Fenetilaminas/química , Fenetilaminas/metabolismo , Estereoisomerismo , Transaminases/metabolismo
4.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2017: 2796983, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28396881

RESUMO

Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is the fourth most consumed oleaginous plant in the world, producing seeds with high contents of lipids, proteins, vitamins, and carbohydrates. Biological activities of different extracts of this species have already been evaluated by many researchers, including antioxidant, antitumoral, and antibacterial. In this work, the allelopathic activity of extracts from different Brazilian peanut cultivars against lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and two weed plants (Commelina benghalensis and Ipomoea nil) was studied. Aerial parts, roots, seeds, and seed coats were used for the preparation of crude extracts. Seed extract partitioning was performed with n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and aqueous residue. Germination and growth of hypocotyls and rootlets were evaluated after one and five days of incubation with plant extracts, respectively. Crude seed extract and its dichloromethanic partition displayed highest allelopathic activity. These results contribute for the study of new potential natural herbicides.


Assuntos
Alelopatia , Arachis/química , Alface/fisiologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Plantas Daninhas/fisiologia , Brasil , Germinação , Sementes/química
5.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 21(3): 279-84, 2003 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12636992

RESUMO

Fourteen extracts from Brazilian traditional medicinal plants used to treat infectious diseases were used to look for potential antimicrobial activity against multiresistant bacteria of medical importance. Staphylococcus aureus strains were susceptible to extracts of Punica granatum and Tabebuia avellanedae. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of the total extracts and of additional fractions of these plants were determined by employing strains of methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and -sensitive (MSSA) S. aureus, including isolates of the PFGE clone A, which is prevalent in Brazil and two ATCC reference strains. A mixture of ellagitannins isolated from P. granatum and two naphthoquinones isolated from T. avellanedae demonstrated antibacterial activity against all S. aureus strains tested. Semi-synthetic furanonaphthoquinones (FNQs) showed lower MICs than those exhibited by natural occurring naphthoquinones. The results indicate that these natural products can be effective potential candidates for the development of new strategies to treat MRSA infections.


Assuntos
Taninos Hidrolisáveis , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Brasil , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Lythraceae , Resistência a Meticilina , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Naftoquinonas/administração & dosagem , Naftoquinonas/química , Naftoquinonas/isolamento & purificação , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/isolamento & purificação , Tabebuia , Taninos/administração & dosagem , Taninos/química , Taninos/isolamento & purificação , Taninos/farmacologia
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