Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 64
Filtrar
1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(2): 727-734, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129878

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe a new molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) severity scoring system (MIH-SSS) that focuses on the defects' severity and to assess the system's validity and reliability over 3 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred eighty-one children diagnosed with MIH were examined by MIH-SSS. For reliability assessment, 15-20 children were examined twice, and analyses were performed at the tooth level at four different cutoff points. Follow-up examinations were performed over 36 months. Only teeth presenting MIH opacities at baseline were assessed. Odds ratios were calculated to evaluate the chance of post-eruptive breakdown (PEB) occurrence related to the colors of MIH defects. Survival curves were created for different types of teeth (molars and incisors) based on white and yellow opacities. The Kaplan-Meier method was used with PEB as the outcome. RESULTS: According to the MIH-SSS, kappa values ranged from 0.82 to 0.88. Regarding the longitudinal evaluation, for molars and incisors, yellow/brown opacities had a significantly higher chance to evolve to dentin breakdown compared with white/creamy opacities (OR = 2.54, OR = 10.58, respectively). Survival analysis showed that the occurrence of PEB was more frequent in the first evaluation period (12 months). CONCLUSION: MIH-SSS, which provides detailed information about MIH severity, is a valid instrument presenting high reliability. Yellow/brown opacities progressed more than did white/creamy opacities. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: It is of paramount importance to detect any surface breakdown as early as possible to be able to avoid pain and caries progression. Moreover, this is the first paper that shows survival curves for MIH enamel breakdown over time.

2.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31834963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental caries morbidity stages and their impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) have not yet been established. AIM: To compare the association of dental caries morbidity stages with OHRQoL in children and adolescents from public schools of Patos-PB, Brazil. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was performed on 461 students at 8-10 years and 454 at 11-14 years. Caries was evaluated by Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) instrument. The maximum CAST code per individual was registered. OHRQoL was assessed using the Child Perceptions Questionnaires for children (CPQ8-10 ) and adolescents (CPQ11-14 ). RESULTS: Morbidity stage was the most prevalent caries condition in children (40.8%) and adolescents (38.1%). Factors associated with higher CPQ8-10 scores in the multivariate regression analysis after adjustments were age [9 years, prevalence ratio (PR): 1.24; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06-1.45; and 10 years, PR: 1.32, CI: 1.13-1.55] and dental caries status [morbidity, PR: 1.23, CI: 1.03-1.48; and severe morbidity, PR: 1.30, CI: 1.04-1.61]. The factor associated with higher CPQ11-14 scores was dental caries status [morbidity, PR: 1.20, CI: 1.00-1.44]. CONCLUSIONS: The OHRQoL of children was negatively associated with morbidity and severe morbidity stages of dental caries, while for adolescents, only morbidity had a negative association with their OHRQoL.

3.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(9): 3529-3537, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508770

RESUMO

Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) is an instrument developed for caries detection to be used in epidemiological surveys; it has been validated and is believed to provide a clearer picture of the oral health status than the criteria provided by the World Health Organization (WHO). This article aims to compare the epidemiological survey results using the CAST instrument and the WHO criteria in the same population. 680 schoolchildren aged 6-8 years from Federal District, Brazil, were evaluated by two examiners trained to use the CAST. The visible plaque index (VPI) and gingival bleeding index (GBI) were also evaluated. The maximum CAST codes per tooth were converted into the dmf/DMF, the mean scores for primary and permanent dentition were calculated. The mean age was 7.45(± 0.91) years. The prevalence of caries differed when CAST and the WHO criteria were applied. In the primary dentition, it was 65.44% and 61.61%, and for the permanent dentition, 38.19% and 10.2%, respectively. It was possible to calculate the mean dmft [2.4(± 2.7)] and the DMFT [0.16(± 0.53)] using CAST. VPI was associated with higher maximum CAST scores p < 0,005. The way CAST results are presented showed a higher sensibility to identify the presence and severity of carious lesions in comparison to the WHO criteria.

4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(9): 3529-3537, set. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1019677

RESUMO

Resumo O CAST (Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment) é um instrumento desenvolvido para a detecção de cárie a ser utilizado em levantamentos epidemiológicos. Foi validado e tem se mostrado efetivo, fornecendo um diagnóstico mais preciso do estado de saúde bucal do que o critério OMS, recomendado pela Organização Mundial da Saúde. O objetivo deste artigo é comparar a apresentação dos resultados de cárie dentária utilizando o instrumento CAST e o critério OMS, numa mesma população. Foram avaliados por dois examinadores treinados na utilização do instrumento CAST 680 escolares de 6 a 8 anos do Distrito Federal, Brasil. A avaliação constou do índice de placa visível (IPV) e do índice de sangramento gengival (ISG). Os escores CAST dente foram convertidos em componentes ceo/CPO e calculados os ceod/CPOD. Os pais responderam a um questionário sociodemográfico. A idade média foi 7,45 anos (± 0,91). A prevalência de cárie na dentição decídua foi de 65,44% e 61,61%, considerando o CAST e o critério da OMS, respectivamente; na dentição permanente: 38,19% e 10,2%, respectivamente. A média do ceod foi de 2.4 (± 2.7) e a média do CPOD 0.16 (± 0.53). o IPV foi associado a maiores CAST máximos p < 0,005. O instrumento CAST demonstrou maior sensibilidade em identificar a presença e gravidade de lesões cariosas quando comparado ao critério OMS.


Abstract Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) is an instrument developed for caries detection to be used in epidemiological surveys; it has been validated and is believed to provide a clearer picture of the oral health status than the criteria provided by the World Health Organization (WHO). This article aims to compare the epidemiological survey results using the CAST instrument and the WHO criteria in the same population. 680 schoolchildren aged 6-8 years from Federal District, Brazil, were evaluated by two examiners trained to use the CAST. The visible plaque index (VPI) and gingival bleeding index (GBI) were also evaluated. The maximum CAST codes per tooth were converted into the dmf/DMF, the mean scores for primary and permanent dentition were calculated. The mean age was 7.45(± 0.91) years. The prevalence of caries differed when CAST and the WHO criteria were applied. In the primary dentition, it was 65.44% and 61.61%, and for the permanent dentition, 38.19% and 10.2%, respectively. It was possible to calculate the mean dmft [2.4(± 2.7)] and the DMFT [0.16(± 0.53)] using CAST. VPI was associated with higher maximum CAST scores p < 0,005. The way CAST results are presented showed a higher sensibility to identify the presence and severity of carious lesions in comparison to the WHO criteria.

5.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 17(3): 267-275, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209447

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Using the ICDAS (International Caries Detection and Assessment System), to assess caries experience in the primary dentition of preschool children living in a socioeconomically poor area with a nonfluoridated water supply, and to compare the stages of caries manifestation between children from private and public schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This census included all children aged 3 to 5 years from public and private schools from Teixeira, Brazil. Clinical examinations were carried out by two calibrated examiners using ICDAS, the results of which were converted into components of dmf-s and dmf-t. RESULTS: The majority of children had caries; the prevalence of enamel and dentin lesions was 81.7%. The prevalence of dentin lesions alone was 62.1%. The mean values of the d2mf2-s/d2mf2-t indices (enamel and dentin lesions) and d3mf3-s/d3mf3-t indices (dentin lesions) were 13.5 ± 14.9/6.8 ± 5.8 and 7.4 ± 10.9/3.0 ± 3.6, respectively. There was no significant difference between the dmf-s/dmf-t indices of children from private vs public schools (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Caries was highly prevalent in the primary dentition of this Brazilian population, and the presence of noncavitated lesions was the most prevalent condition. Children from private and public schools showed similar caries experience.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Brasil , Pré-Escolar , Índice CPO , Humanos , Prevalência , Dente Decíduo , Abastecimento de Água
6.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 17(1): 83-89, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30793125

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess children's oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) three years after implementation of three treatment protocols for managing cavitated carious dentine lesions in primary molars by parent proxy report with the Brazilian Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS) and to assess the level of agreement between the children's self-reporting and the parents' reporting of the children's OHRQoL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Schoolchildren aged 6 to 7 were included in a clinical trial that compared three treatment protocols for managing cavitated carious dentine lesions: CRT (Conventional Treatment); ART (Atraumatic Restorative Treatment) and UCT (Ultraconservative Treatment). Before treatment (baseline), the OHRQoL of 273 children was assessed by B-ECOHIS using the parents'/caregivers' proxy report. Three years later, 147 parents/caregivers filled in the questionnaire while the children, ages 9 to 10, were interviewed. The t-test and one-way ANOVA were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: No difference was observed between treatment protocols in regard to the children's OHRQoL (p = 0.41). A significant reduction in the parent distress domain was observed when baseline and parents'/caretakers' responses after three years (p = 0.01) were compared. The level of agreement between the parents'/caregivers' and children's scores was low. Children scored lower on the impact of oral health on their quality of life than their parents/caregivers did (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: The use of UCT, a largely non-restorative protocol, leads to a perception of OHRQoL by parents/caregivers that is similar to the ART and CRT protocols after three years. Parent distress decreased over time. Children and parents/caregivers disagreed about children's OHRQoL.


Assuntos
Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma , Saúde Bucal , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Protocolos Clínicos , Dentina , Humanos , Pais , Qualidade de Vida
7.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 29(4): 422-428, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30803096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental caries diagnosis and management have changed over time. AIM: To identify the treatment decision-making process performed by paediatric dentists, after caries detection using CAST instrument (Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment), for enamel (CAST 3) and non-cavitated dentin caries lesions (CAST 4) before and after analysing radiographic images. DESIGN: Seventy-four paediatric dentists were invited to participate. Twelve clinical cases were presented online, and treatment decisions before and after the analysis of bitewing radiographs were evaluated. RESULTS: Sixty-one specialists answered the questionnaire. The necessity for radiographs was significantly associated with the presence and depth of the caries lesion (P < 0.0001). CAST 3 lesions were preferentially monitored before and after the radiographic assessment. For CAST 4 lesions limited to the outer half of dentin, treatments indicated before and after radiographic analysis were sealant (33%) and restoration (40%). For the lesions in the inner half of dentin, restoration was the most cited before (45%) and after (84%) radiographs. The radiographic depth was the only significant independent variable when "change in the treatment option" was analysed by the regression model (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Enamel lesions were treated through less invasive treatments. Radiographs influenced the decision, especially for the lesions that involved the inner half of dentin.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Criança , Esmalte Dentário , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dentina , Humanos , Dente Decíduo
8.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e2018357, 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810640

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To perform a systematic review of test methodologies on conventional restorative glass-ionomer cement (GIC) materials for mechanical and optical properties to compare the results between different GICs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Screening of titles and abstracts, data extraction, and quality assessments of full-texts were conducted in search for in vitro studies on conventional GICs that follow the relevant specifications of ISO standards regarding the following mechanical and optical properties: compressive strength, flexural strength, color, opacity and radiopacity. SOURCES: The Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS), Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry (BBO) databases from Latin-American and Caribbean System on Health Sciences Information (BIREME) and PubMed/Medline (US National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health) databases were searched regardless of language. Altogether, 1146 in vitro studies were selected. Two reviewers independently selected and assessed the articles according to pre-established inclusion/exclusion criteria. Among all the properties investigated, only one study was classified as being of fair quality that tested compressive strength and was included. It was observed that many authors had not strictly followed ISO recommendations and that, for some properties (diametral tensile strength and microhardness), there are no guidelines provided. CONCLUSIONS: It was not possible to compare the results for the mechanical and optical properties of conventional restorative GICs due to the lack of standardization of studies.


Assuntos
Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Cor , Força Compressiva , Resistência à Flexão , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/normas , Teste de Materiais
9.
Caries Res ; 53(4): 424-430, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30677762

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of hypersensitivity in molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH)-affected molars through a census carried out in 8-year-old schoolchildren. METHODS: Examinations were conducted by a calibrated examiner, using the Nyvad criteria for caries diagnosis and a new criterion for MIH assessment. For hypersensitivity assessment, all MIH-affected molars were included. Nonaffected molars from the same child were used as controls. Air blast reaction was measured using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Schiff Cold Air Sensitivity Scale (SCASS) scale, while tactile hypersensitivity was scored using VAS only. Statistical analysis was performed using the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Dunn's multiple comparisons test for quantitative data. χ2 was used for the comparison of categorical data. RESULTS: In total, 631 children were assessed, of whom 102 had MIH-affected molars (16.1%). Of these, 51.7 and 8.7% presented enamel and dentin carious lesions, respectively. Regarding the number of teeth, 239 molars were MIH affected (59.8%), with 188 (78.7%) being classified as mild (opacities only), 20 (8.4%) as moderate (posteruptive enamel breakdown), and 31 (13%) as severe (posteruptive breakdown involving dentin/atypical restorations). Hypersensitivity was recorded in only one control molar, while the prevalence of hypersensitivity in MIH-affected molars was 34.7%, being of low intensity and more prevalent in moderate (55%) and severe cases (51.6 %) than in mild cases (29.8%, p = 0.008). An association between hypersensitivity and the presence of mild and moderate cases was observed. Although the same association was observed for severe cases, it was not considered a reliable information as 90% of the MIH-affected molars with posteruptive breakdown involving dentin were affected by carious lesions. It is known that dental caries is a confounding factor for the presence of hypersensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: Hypersensitivity was significantly higher in MIH-affected molars than in nonaffected molars, being associated with MIH teeth presenting opacities and posteruptive enamel breakdown.

10.
Arch Oral Biol ; 97: 191-197, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396037

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) is considered to be a good option for anxious patients, there is a lack of information whether ART associated to oral health educational strategy (OHES) would positively influence the level of anxiety and stress in children. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of OHES on anxiety and stress markers of schoolchildren submitted to ART. DESIGN: A sample of 78 six- to eight-year-old schoolchildren, with carious lesions in dentin, were randomly divided into groups: OHES + ART-group (n = 39) and ART-group (n = 39). OHES consisted of an educational interactive strategy performed once a week for four weeks. ART was performed using a standardized procedure with hand instruments and glass-ionomer cement. Anxiety and stress markers were assessed subjectively by the modified Venham Picture Test (m-VPT), modified Venham Anxiety Scale (m-VAS), while objective measures consisted of heart rate (HR) and salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase levels evaluated before, during and after treatment. RESULTS: The two groups did not differ in the perceived anxiety and in anxious behavior, and the variation along the treatment was not significant in both groups (p > 0.05). Both groups also showed higher HR "Before ART-restoration" than the other time-points as an anticipatory anxiety. ART group showed higher HR than OHES + ART group during the "Explanation of procedure" (p = 0.041) and "Deep excavation" (p = 0.018), and only ART group showed higher amylase levels "Before ART" compared to "After ART" (p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that OHES associated with ART showed a positive effect in modulating heart rate and alpha-amylase levels, that is, those markers of stress objectively measured during ART-restoration.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/diagnóstico , Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma/psicologia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/análise , Criança , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , alfa-Amilases/metabolismo
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e2018357, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-984572

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives To perform a systematic review of test methodologies on conventional restorative glass-ionomer cement (GIC) materials for mechanical and optical properties to compare the results between different GICs. Material and Methods Screening of titles and abstracts, data extraction, and quality assessments of full-texts were conducted in search for in vitro studies on conventional GICs that follow the relevant specifications of ISO standards regarding the following mechanical and optical properties: compressive strength, flexural strength, color, opacity and radiopacity. Sources The Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS), Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry (BBO) databases from Latin-American and Caribbean System on Health Sciences Information (BIREME) and PubMed/Medline (US National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health) databases were searched regardless of language. Altogether, 1146 in vitro studies were selected. Two reviewers independently selected and assessed the articles according to pre-established inclusion/exclusion criteria. Among all the properties investigated, only one study was classified as being of fair quality that tested compressive strength and was included. It was observed that many authors had not strictly followed ISO recommendations and that, for some properties (diametral tensile strength and microhardness), there are no guidelines provided. Conclusions It was not possible to compare the results for the mechanical and optical properties of conventional restorative GICs due to the lack of standardization of studies.

12.
J Public Health Dent ; 78(4): 306-312, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29752807

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether an association exists between school performance, quality of life, dental caries, and dental pain in children between 6 and 8 years of age. METHODS: All 6- to 8-year-old children enrolled in the second year of the six public schools in Paranoá-FD were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study. In total, 374 consented. Dental caries was recorded according to the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) index by two trained examiners. Dental pain was assessed during clinical examination. The Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ) was used to assess the oral health-related quality of life, and sociodemographic data were collected. The child's school performance was measured through Provinha Brasil according to the regulations of the Ministry of Education. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analysis, and a multivariate regression model were used for data analysis. RESULTS: 185 boys and 189 girls participants with a mean age of 7.2 (±0.5) years were included in the study. The prevalence of dentin carious lesions for this group was 40.6 and 49.2 percent, including enamel-only lesions. The prevalence of dental pain was 2.8 percent. A high performance in reading (63.6 percent) and in mathematics (79.4 percent) was observed and were not associated with the presence of cavitated dentin carious lesions or dental pain. A significant association was found between school performance and the final CPQ score. CONCLUSION: School performance as measured by the Provinha Brasil examination was not associated with carious lesions or dental pain. Students with lower school performance had higher CPQ scores.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida
13.
BMC Oral Health ; 18(1): 65, 2018 04 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29669561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the survival rate of glass hybrid restorations placed under the atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) technique in first permanent molars affected by molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH). METHODS: Sixty teeth with severe MIH associated to carious dentin lesions without pulp involvement were included. Treatments were performed by one trained dentist using the ART approach and restored with a glass hybrid restorative system (Equia Forte, GC®) on school premises. Treatments were evaluated after 6 and 12 months by an independent examiner using the modified ART criterion. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics and actuarial success analysis. RESULTS: The sample comprised 24 (54.54%) girls and 20 (45.45%) boys with a mean age of 10.55 (±1.25) years. In regard to the number of surfaces involved in the restorations, 29 (48.3%) comprised one surface and 31 (51.7%) two or more surfaces. Considering cavity extent, 25 (41%) presented dentin cavitation without cusp weakness, 23 (37.7%) with large dentin cavitation with cusp weakness and 13 (21.3%) with large dentin cavitation with the breakdown of one or more cusps. Only 4 teeth required local anesthesia. A success rate of 98.3% after 6 and 12 months was observed, as only one restoration failed. The only failure occurred in a restoration involving three or more sur-faces presenting the breakdown of all cusps. CONCLUSION: Restorations using a glass hybrid restorative system and performed in the field with the ART technique proved, after 12 months of evaluation, to be an effective approach to preserving first permanent molars affected by MIH. TRIAL REGISTRATION: REBEC-RBR-8drccq (17/06/15).


Assuntos
Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/terapia , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Criança , Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma/métodos , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Cien Saude Colet ; 23(4): 1313-1322, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29694590

RESUMO

It is important to have an epidemiological understanding of oral diseases among indigenous persons, in order to contribute with the organization of health services for these populations. The SB Brasil 2010 database was used to compare the prevalence of dental caries among 308 self-identified indigenous and 37,211 non-indigenous individuals from urban areas, in the following age/age-groups: 5, 12, 15-19, 35-44, 65-74. The study also analyzed the effect of the complex sample design and the sample weight in the outcomes. Kruskal-Wallis, Wilcoxon Scores (Rank Sums), logistic and multiple linear regressions were used for statistical analysis. The mean dmft index for indigenous and non-indigenous children aged five were 4.02 ± 4.01 and 2.41 ± 3.35, respectively, and 46% of non-native and 30.8% of native children were caries-free. The mean DMFT for indigenous and non-indigenous were 10.90 ± 11.69 and 10.93 ± 11.58, respectively, for all age groups when not taking into account the sample weight effect. When considering the complex sample design and the sample weight effect, the study found a statistical significant difference. The results lend credence to suspicions that in Brazil there are disparities in the patterns of caries between self-identified indigenous and non-indigenous individuals.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Grupos Populacionais/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/etnologia , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Adulto Jovem
15.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(4): 1313-1322, abr. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-952638

RESUMO

Abstract It is important to have an epidemiological understanding of oral diseases among indigenous persons, in order to contribute with the organization of health services for these populations. The SB Brasil 2010 database was used to compare the prevalence of dental caries among 308 self-identified indigenous and 37,211 non-indigenous individuals from urban areas, in the following age/age-groups: 5, 12, 15-19, 35-44, 65-74. The study also analyzed the effect of the complex sample design and the sample weight in the outcomes. Kruskal-Wallis, Wilcoxon Scores (Rank Sums), logistic and multiple linear regressions were used for statistical analysis. The mean dmft index for indigenous and non-indigenous children aged five were 4.02 ± 4.01 and 2.41 ± 3.35, respectively, and 46% of non-native and 30.8% of native children were caries-free. The mean DMFT for indigenous and non-indigenous were 10.90 ± 11.69 and 10.93 ± 11.58, respectively, for all age groups when not taking into account the sample weight effect. When considering the complex sample design and the sample weight effect, the study found a statistical significant difference. The results lend credence to suspicions that in Brazil there are disparities in the patterns of caries between self-identified indigenous and non-indigenous individuals.


Resumo É importante ter uma compreensão epidemiológica das doenças orais entre as populações indígenas, a fim de contribuir com a organização dos serviços de saúde para essas populações. O banco de dados SB Brasil 2010 foi utilizado para comparar a prevalência de cárie entre os 308 autoidentificados indígenas e 37.211 indivíduos não indígenas de áreas urbanas, nas idades/grupos etários: 5, 12, 15-19, 35-44, 65-74. O estudo também analisou o efeito do desenho amostral complexo e o peso da amostra nos resultados. Kruskal-Wallis, Wilcoxon Scores (Rank Sums), regressão logística e linear múltipla foram utilizados para análise estatística. O índice ceo-d médio para crianças indígenas e não indígenas com idade de cinco foram 4,02 ± 4,01 e 2,41 ± 3,35, respectivamente, e 46% dos não nativos e 30,8% das crianças nativas estavam livres de cárie. A média CPOD para indígenas e não indígenas foram 10,90 ± 11,69 e 10,93 ± 11,58, respectivamente, para público em geral, quando não levando em conta o efeito do peso da amostra. Ao considerar o desenho amostral complexo e o efeito do peso da amostra, o estudo encontrou uma diferença estatisticamente significativa. Os resultados dão crédito às suspeitas de que no Brasil existem disparidades nos padrões de cárie entre indivíduos indígenas e não indígenas autoidentificados.

16.
Clin Oral Investig ; 22(9): 3171-3177, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29524027

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the caries-preventive effect and the retention rates of sealants prepared with a new modified and a high-viscosity glass-ionomer cement (GIC) in recently erupted first permanent molars.  MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six children (224 teeth) were included in a split-mouth randomised clinical trial. All children had their four first permanent molars sealed with either Clinpro XT Varnish (CXT) or Fuji IX GP FAST (FJ). FJ sealants were placed according to the ART protocol. Retention rates and caries-preventive effect of both materials were assessed clinically after 24 months, and survival curves were created according to the Kaplan-Meier method. For sealant retention rates, analyses were performed according to both the traditional method and modified sealant retention categorisation. RESULTS: FJ sealants were retained longer in comparison to CXT sealants (p < 0.05), regardless of the categorisation used. In relation to the caries-preventive effect, no statistically significant differences were observed between materials (p = 0.99). Sealants prepared with the high-viscosity GIC according to the ART protocol survived longer than those prepared with the modified GIC, but both materials were equally effective in preventing cavitated dentine lesions over 24 months. CONCLUSION: We concluded that GIC-based sealants are effective in preventing dentine caries lesions.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Resinas Compostas , Dentição Permanente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dente Molar , Propriedades de Superfície , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Adhes Dent ; 20(1): 25-32, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29507917

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine whether the frequency of microleakage at the margin of the tooth-restoration interface in primary molars restored with high-viscosity glass-ionomer cement (HVGIC) differs from that of primary molars restored with amalgam. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The HVGIC restorations were performed according to the ART method. A total of 19 naturally exfoliated primary molars (10 amalgam and 9 ART/HVGIC) with clinically assessed intact restorations fulfilled the inclusion criteria. SEM analyses using replicas were performed to assess the microgap presence and size of the tooth-restoration interface The depth of a microgap was measured from histological sections after infiltration of 50% (w/v) AgNO3 solution. Independent variables were restorative material, age of restoration, and number of tooth surfaces. Data analyses included Fisher's Exact version of the chi-squared test, independent t-test and one-way ANOVA. RESULTS: More ART/HVGIC than amalgam-restored teeth were gap free (p = 0.14). The mean gap size for teeth with a gap between amalgam (322.0 µm) and ART/HVGIC (201.0 µm) restorations did not differ statistically significantly. AgNO3 infiltration was not influenced by restorative material or age of restoration. Infiltration in multiple-surface was higher than in single-surface restorations (p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: The occurrence of marginal microleakage in primary molars restored by ART/HVGIC is no different from that observed in primary molars restored with amalgam. Microleakage was deeper in multiple-surface than in single-surface restorations. Despite the presence of microleakage, restoration functionality up to exfoliation is secured, reinforcing the importance of biofilm removal and behavioral education of patients.


Assuntos
Amálgama Dentário , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dente Molar , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Humanos , Dente Decíduo
18.
Pediatr Dent ; 40(1): 12-17, 2018 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29482676

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to verify whether child and adolescent oral health affected academic performance. METHODS: A literature search conducted in March 2017 on PubMed, Lilacs, Web of Science, and Scopus databases identified 2,009 papers, six of which were included in the final review. Quality appraisal and risk of bias were evaluated using the quality assessment tool for observational cohort and cross-sectional studies. RESULTS: Two papers were classified as being of good quality, one as fair, and three as poor. In four publications, oral health conditions were measured by taking only dental caries into account, while in two others treatment needs and dental trauma were also considered. Although four papers concluded that children's academic performance and poor oral health were associated, the results were not considered reliable because of the high risk of bias. The two papers classified as being of good quality did not show an association between oral health and academic performance, unless mediated by socioeconomic factors. CONCLUSION: Further well-designed studies are required to demonstrate whether children's oral health can have a negative influence on their academic performance.


Assuntos
Desempenho Acadêmico , Saúde Bucal , Odontopatias/complicações , Adolescente , Criança , Cárie Dentária/complicações , Hemorragia Gengival/complicações , Humanos , Má Oclusão/complicações , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Traumatismos Dentários/complicações
19.
Caries Res ; 52(4): 303-311, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29408818

RESUMO

The objectives of the study were to quantify the dentine mineral concentration (DMC) in teeth restored conventionally, according to the atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) and ultraconservative (UCT) protocols (open cavities and small ART restorations), and the DMC underneath the open cavities of teeth managed by UCT versus nontreated, open cavities. We studied 50 teeth with restorations/open cavities, 39 restored teeth (9 by conventional restorative treatment [CRT], 17 by ART, and 13 by UCT) and 16 teeth with open cavities. Each restoration/open cavity was scanned using microcomputed tomography, with 3 hydroxyapatite disks with respective densities of 1.24, 1.33, and 1.57 g/cm3 as a reference. Images were reconstructed and the greyscale images were converted into DMC values. For each restoration/open cavity, 15 measurements of dentine immediately underneath and from the corresponding area in sound dentine were taken. DMC was expressed as a percentage of the DMC of sound dentine. ANOVA and the Student t test were used for statistical analysis. The mean DMC underneath restorations of the ART protocol group (98.93%) was statistically significantly higher than that of the UCT protocol group (91.98%), but not of the CRT protocol group (91.33%). On multiple surfaces, mean DMC in the axial area (94.32%) was statistically significantly higher than in the gingival area (92.80%). The mean DMC of open cavities managed by UCT protocol (89.05%) was statistically significantly higher than in nontreated open cavities (83.90%). In conclusion, a dentine-hypermineralized area underneath ART restorations was observed. Managing open cavities with a toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste (the UCT protocol) resulted in higher mineralized dentine underneath the cavity than in nontreated open cavities.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/metabolismo , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dentina/química , Minerais/análise , Dente Molar/química , Dente Decíduo/química , Cariostáticos/administração & dosagem , Criança , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Durapatita , Fluoretos Tópicos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagens de Fantasmas , Dente Decíduo/diagnóstico por imagem , Escovação Dentária , Microtomografia por Raio-X
20.
Clin Oral Investig ; 22(1): 545, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28975353

RESUMO

Mw. M. Mijan will defend her PhD thesis on 15th September 2017. Whilst reviewing her work in preparation to the event, we discovered a few irregularities that prompted a recheck of the database and ditto analyses. These activities have lead to a few textual changes in the publication.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA