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1.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Estimated plasma volume status (ePVS) has diagnostic and prognostic value in patients with heart failure (HF). However, it remains unclear which congestion markers (i.e., biological, imaging, and hemodynamic markers) are preferentially associated with ePVS. In addition, there is evidence of sex differences in both the hematopoietic process and myocardial structure/function. METHOD AND RESULTS: Patients with significant dyspnea (NYHA ≥ 2) underwent echocardiography and lung ultrasound within 4 h prior to cardiac catheterization. Patients were divided according to tertiles based on sex-specific ePVS thresholds calculated from hemoglobin and hematocrit measurements using Duarte's formula. Among the 78 included patients (median age 74.5 years; males 69.2%; HF 48.7%), median ePVS was 4.1 (percentile25-75 = 3.7-4.9) mL/g in males (N = 54) and 4.8 (4.4-5.3) mL/g in females (N = 24). Patients with the highest ePVS had more frequently HF, higher NT-proBNP, larger left atrial volume, and higher E/e' (all p values < 0.05), but no difference in inferior vena cava diameter or pulmonary congestion assessed by lung ultrasound (all p values > 0.10). In multivariable analysis, higher E/e' and lower diastolic blood pressure were significantly associated with increased ePVS. The association between ePVS and congestion variables was not sex-dependent except for left-ventricular end-diastolic pressure, which was only correlated with ePVS in females (Spearman Rho = 0.53, p < 0.01 in females and Spearman Rho = - 0.04, p = 0.76 in males; pinteraction = 0.08). CONCLUSION: ePVS is associated with E/e' regardless of sex, while only associated with invasively measured left-ventricular end-diastolic pressure in females. These results suggest that ePVS is preferably associated with left-sided hemodynamic markers of congestion.

2.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(4): 607-612, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812225

RESUMO

The residual risk of ventricular arrhythmia (VA) after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) implantation in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) remains difficult to evaluate. The impact of left ventricular (LV) wall thickness (WT) measured using computed tomography (CT) on the occurrence of VA after CRT implantation has never been investigated. In this pilot study, we examined the association of LV WT and the occurrence of VA in NICM patients receiving CRT. Thirty three patients with NICM scheduled for CRT underwent preprocedural CT. Reduced LV WT was defined as WT <6 mm and quantified as a percentage of total LV area. The end point was the occurrence of VA episode during 2-years follow-up after CRT implantation. During the 2-years follow-up, a total of 37 VA episodes occurred in 6 (18.2%) patients. Patients with VA exhibited significantly higher NT-pro BNP level before CRT implantation. Additionally, CT analysis showed that patients with VA had a higher percentage of total LV with reduced WT compared with those free from VA (49.5% vs 25.8%, respectively; p = 0.005). In multivariable analysis, the total percentage of LV area with WT <6 mm was the only predictor of VA (odds ratio 1.07 [1.00 to 1.14]; p = 0.047). Receiver-operator curves analysis for total percentage of LVWT <6 mm demonstrated that an optimal cut-off value of 40% differentiated patients at risk of VA. In conclusion, LVWT evaluated using cardiac CT is an independent predictor of VA in NICM patients implanted with CRT. Patients with a total percentage of LVWT <6 mm ≥40% are especially at high risk of VA after CRT implantation.

3.
Int J Cardiol ; 301: 114-118, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to guidelines, implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) candidates must have a "reasonable expectation of survival with a good functional status >1 year". Identifying risk for early mortality in ICD candidates could be challenging. We aimed to identify factors associated with a ≤1-year survival among patients implanted with ICDs. METHODS: The DAI-PP program was a multicenter, observational French study that included all patients who received a primary prevention ICD in the 2002-2012 period. Characteristics of patients who survived ≤1 year following the implantation were compared with those who survived >1 year, and predictors of early death determined. RESULTS: Out of the 5539 enrolled patients, survival status at 1 year was known for a total of 5,457, and overall 230 (4.2%) survived ≤1 year. Causes of death were similar in the two groups. Patients with ≤1-year survival had lower rates of appropriate (14 vs. 23%; P = 0.004) and inappropriate ICD therapies (2 vs. 7%; P = 0.009) than patients who lived >1 year after ICD implantation. In multivariate analysis, older age, higher NYHA class (≥III), and atrial fibrillation were significantly associated with ≤1-year survival. Presence of all 3 risk factors was associated with a cumulative 22.63% risk of death within 1 year after implantation. CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest study determining the factors predicting early mortality after ICD implantation. Patients dying within the first year had low ICD therapy rates. A combination of clinical factors could potentially identify patients at risk for early mortality to help improve selection of ICD candidates.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828560

RESUMO

Premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) are common arrhythmias in the clinical setting. PVCs in the structurally normal heart are usually benign, but in the presence of structural heart disease (SHD), they may indicate increased risk of sudden death. High PVC burden may induce cardiomyopathy and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction or worsen underlying cardiomyopathy. Sometimes PVCs may be a marker of underlying pathophysiologic process such as myocarditis. Identification of PVC burden is important, since cardiomyopathy and LV dysfunction can reverse after catheter ablation or pharmacological suppression. This state-of-the-art review discusses pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, how to differentiate benign and malignant PVCs, PVCs in the structurally normal heart, underlying SHD, diagnostic procedures (physical examination, electrocardiogram, ambulatory monitoring, exercise testing, echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, coronary angiography, electrophysiology study), and treatment (lifestyle modification, electrolyte imbalance, medical, and catheter ablation).

5.
Europace ; 2019 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865389

RESUMO

AIMS: Up to 30% of selected heart failure patients do not benefit clinically from cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Left ventricular (LV) wall thickness (WT) analysed using computed tomography (CT) has rarely been evaluated in response to CRT and mitral regurgitation (MR) improvement. We examined the association of LVWT and the ability to reverse LV remodelling and MR improvement after CRT. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-four patients scheduled for CRT underwent pre-procedural CT. Reduced LVWT was defined as WT <6 mm and quantified as a percentage of total LV area. Endpoints were 6-month clinical and echocardiographic response to CRT [New York Heart Association (NYHA) class, LV ejection fraction (LVEF), LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), and LV end-systolic volume (LVESV)], MR improvement and 2-year major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Patients were divided into three groups according to the percentage of LVWT <6 mm area: ≤20%, 20-50%, and ≥50%. At 6 months, 75%, 71%, and 42% of the patients experienced NYHA improvement in the ≤20%, 20-50%, and ≥50% group, respectively. Additionally, ≤20% group presented higher LVEF, LVEDV, and LVESV positive response rate (86%, 59%, and 83%, respectively). Both 20-50% and ≥50% groups exhibited a lower LVEF, LVEDV, and LVESV positive response rate (52% and 42%; 47% and 45%; and 53% and 45%, respectively). Additionally, ≥25% of LVWT <6 mm inclusive of at least one papillary muscle insertion was the only predictor of lack of MR improvement. Lastly, ≥50% group experienced significantly lower 2-year MACE survival free probability. CONCLUSION: WT evaluated using CT could help to stratify the response to CRT and predict MR improvement and outcomes. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01097733.

6.
Echocardiography ; 36(11): 2010-2018, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682044

RESUMO

AIMS: Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is associated with poor outcome in systolic heart failure (HF) patients. Percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (PMVR) in Mitra-Fr study failed to prove any beneficial effect over optimal medical treatment (OMT) but win in COAPT study. Nevertheless, little is known about the effect of PMVR on LV performance and mechanics in HF patients with severe secondary MR. METHOD AND RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients with severe FMR undergoing PMVR were included and compared (according to indices of LV myocardial function and the relationship between LV-size and the degree of regurgitation) to nineteen patients with FMR treated by OMT. Both groups were clinically comparable. At 6-month follow-up, cardiac index such as LV global constructive work (GCW) improved significantly in both groups (1.86 vs 2.13 L/min/m2 , P = .02, 1.73 vs 2.28 L/min/m2 P = .002 and 977 vs 1101 mm Hg.%, P = .003, 967 vs 1110 mm Hg.%, P = .002 for PMVR and OMT groups, respectively) whereas left ventricular (LV) end-systolic volume index, LV ejection fraction, and global longitudinal strain were not different. Receiver operating characteristics in PMVR with LVEF ≤ 35% subgroup analysis demonstrated that global work index (GWI) had the best ability to identify patients with worse evolution (AUC = 0.882; P = .009), confirmed by univariable logistic regression, particularly for patients with GWI < 482 mm Hg.%. CONCLUSION: Echocardiographic characteristics at 6-month follow-up are not different when compare PMVR and OMT for HF patients with severe FMR. A low global work index might be a tool for discouraging the implantation of clips for this indication.

7.
Echocardiography ; 36(12): 2136-2144, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment strategy for low-gradient (LG) aortic stenosis (AS) remains an unresolved issue. The presence of a low aortic gradient and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) might lead toward the underestimation of aortic stenosis severity and a more conservative management. We sought (a) to describe the nature and timing of intervention according to flow/gradient subgroups in patibents with LG-AS, (2) to determine the factors associated with the decision to intervene, and (c) to describe prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and ten patients prospectively included in this study underwent a standardized clinical and imaging evaluation at inclusion and at 1-year follow-up. According to aortic flow, gradient and LVEF, patients were divided into 4 groups: LG-normal flow [n = 27], LG-low flow-low LVEF [n = 27], LG-low flow-normal LVEF [n = 16], and high gradient (HG) [n = 40]). 73% of patients underwent AVR 86 ± 59 days after the initial assessment. The HG subgroup had significantly higher intervention rates (P < .001). In multivariable analysis, four parameters were associated with the AVR: aortic gradient (HR 1.52 [1.10-2.11], P = .012), LVEF (HR 0.58 [0.40-0.85], P = .006), atrial fibrillation (HR 0.43 [0.021-0.87], P = .019), and NT-proBNP (HR 0.92[0.86-0.98), P = .008]. Patients operated earlier had better outcomes than those having a delayed AVR (P = .042). LG-AS patients had worse outcomes than HG-AS patients (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Compared to HG-AS, LG-AS is less likely to benefit from an AVR and had a significantly worse outcome. Further interventional studies are needed to investigate the timing of AVR in these patients.

8.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(11): 713-722, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The first European Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) Survey, conducted in 2008-2009, showed considerable variations in guideline adherence and implantation practice. A second prospective survey (CRT Survey II) was then performed to describe contemporary clinical practice regarding CRT among 42 European countries. AIM: To compare the characteristics of French CRT recipients with the overall European population of CRT Survey II. METHODS: Demographic and procedural data from French centres recruiting all consecutive patients undergoing either de novo CRT implantation or an upgrade to a CRT system were collected and compared with data from the European population. RESULTS: A total of 11,088 patients were enrolled in CRT Survey II, 754 of whom were recruited in France. French patients were older (44.7% aged≥75 years vs 31.1% in the European group), had less severe heart failure symptoms, a higher baseline left ventricular ejection fraction and fewer co-morbidities. Additionally, French patients had a shorter intrinsic QRS duration (19.1% had a QRS<130ms vs 12.3% in the European cohort). Successful implantation rates were similar, but procedural and fluoroscopy times were shorter in France. French patients were more likely to receive a CRT pacemaker than European patients overall. Of note, antibiotic prophylaxis was reported to be administered less frequently in France, and a higher rate of early device-related infection was observed. Importantly, French patients were less likely to receive optimal drugs for treating heart failure at hospital discharge. CONCLUSION: This study highlights contemporary clinical practice in France, and describes substantial differences in patient selection, implantation procedure and outcomes compared with the other European countries participating in CRT Survey II.

9.
Echocardiography ; 36(10): 1814-1824, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633238

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial work (MW) estimation by pressure-strain loops (PSL) allows the non-invasive assessment of myocardial performance. Aim of this study is to provide the reference values for global myocardial work index (WI), constructive work (CW), wasted work (WW), and work efficiency (WE) in a group of healthy volunteers accounting for age and gender. METHODS AND RESULTS: 2D standard and speckle-tracking echocardiography were performed in 115 healthy volunteers (median age 36.3 [18-69] years, males: 67%). PSLs were used to assess MW. Mean ± standard deviation or median and inter-quartile range, 5° and 95° percentile values for global myocardial WI, CW, WW, and WE in the whole population were 1926 ± 247 mm Hg, (1534-2356); 2224 ± 229 mm Hg, (1894-2647); 90 (61-123) mm Hg%, (38-195); and 96 (94-97)%, (91-98), respectively. Global WI (2031 ± 247 vs 1874 ± 232 mm Hg%, P = .001) and global CW (2289 ± 261 vs 2194 ± 207 mm Hg%, P = .04) were higher in women than in men. Age did not affect MW parameters. The segmental analysis showed that myocardial WI, CW, and WE were lower in the left ventricular basal segments than in the apex. The apex-to-base gradient was inverted for WW (all P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: The assessment of MW is feasible in normal subjects. The presented referral ranges of global myocardial WI, CW, WW, and WE were not affected by age. An apex-to-base gradient was observed for all MW parameters. Nevertheless, the wide variability of MW parameters prevents for the moment the application of this technique in the routine clinical setting.

10.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(8-9): 523-531, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471226

RESUMO

This review summarizes the main findings of the French multicentre DAI-PP pilot programme, and discusses the related clinical and research perspectives. This project included retrospectively (2002-2012 period) more than 5000 subjects with structural heart disease who received an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death, and were followed for a mean period of 3 years. The pilot phase of the DAI-PP programme has provided valuable information on several practical and clinically relevant aspects of primary prevention ICD implantation in the real-world population, which are summarized in this review. This pilot has led to a prospective evaluation that started in May 2018, assessing ICD therapy in primary and secondary prevention in patients with structural and electrical heart diseases, with remote monitoring follow-up using a dedicated platform. This should further enhance our understanding of sudden cardiac death, to eventually optimize the field of preventative actions.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Prevenção Primária/métodos , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Projetos Piloto , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(8-9): 502-511, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using cryoballoon ablation is widely used for rhythm control in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. This technique has a steep learning curve, and PVI can be achieved quickly in most patients. However, the right inferior pulmonary vein (RIPV) is often challenging to occlude and isolate. AIM: We aimed to analyse the efficacy of RIPV ablation using a systematic approach. METHODS: Consecutive patients referred for cryoballoon ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation were enrolled prospectively. A systematic approach was used for RIPV cryoablation. The primary endpoint was acute RIPV isolation during initial freeze. RESULTS: A total of 214 patients were included. RIPV isolation during initial freeze occurred in 179 patients (82.2%). Real-time PVI could be observed in 72 patients (33.6%), whereas cryoballoon stability required pushing the Achieve™ catheter inside the RIPVs in the remaining patients. The rate of unsuccessful or aborted first freeze as a result of insufficient minimal temperature was significantly higher in patients with real-time pulmonary vein potential recording (16.7% vs. 6.3%; P=0.031). To overcome this issue and obtain both stability and real-time PVI, a dedicated "whip technique" was developed. Twelve patients (5.6%) required a redo ablation; only two of these had a reconnected RIPV. CONCLUSIONS: A systematic approach to RIPV cryoablation can lead to a high rate of first freeze application. Operators should not struggle to visualize pulmonary vein potentials before ablation, as this may decrease cryoapplication efficacy. Thus, stability should be preferred over real-time PVI for RIPV ablation. Both stability and real-time PVI can be obtained using a "whip technique".


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Criocirurgia/métodos , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Potenciais de Ação , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Criocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Criocirurgia/instrumentação , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Recidiva , Reoperação , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 5(8): 944-954, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439296

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate incidence, clinical significance, and predictors of early ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in left ventricular assist device (LVAD) recipients. BACKGROUND: LVAD implantation is increasingly used in patients with end-stage heart failure. Early VAs may occur during the 30-day post-operative period, but many questions remain unanswered regarding their incidence and clinical impact. METHODS: This observational study was conducted in 19 centers between 2006 and 2016. Early VAs were defined as sustained ventricular tachycardia and/or ventricular fibrillation occurring <30 days post-LVAD implantation and requiring appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy, external electrical shock, or medical therapy. RESULTS: A total of 652 patients (median age: 59.8 years; left ventricular ejection fraction: 20.7 ± 7.4%; HeartMate 2: 72.8%; HeartWare: 19.5%; Jarvik 2000: 7.7%) were included in the analysis. Early VAs occurred in 162 patients (24.8%), most frequently during the first week after LVAD implantation. Multivariable analysis identified history of VAs prior to LVAD and any combined surgery with LVAD as 2 predictors of early VAs. The occurrence of early VAs with electrical storm was the strongest predictor of 30-day post-operative mortality, associated with a 7-fold increase of 30-day mortality. However, in patients discharged alive from hospital, occurrence of early VAs did not influence long-term survival. CONCLUSIONS: Early VAs are common after LVAD implantation and increase 30-day post-operative mortality, without affecting long-term survival. Further studies will be needed to analyze whether pre- or pre-operative ablation of VAs may improve post-operative outcomes. (Determination of Risk Factors of Ventricular Arrhythmias After Implantation of Continuous Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device With Continuous Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device [ASSIST-ICD]; NCT02873169).

15.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 5(7): 753-765, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320003

RESUMO

Ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is the cornerstone therapy for patients with symptomatic AF resistant to anti-arrhythmic drugs or as first-line therapy, and is based on permanent pulmonary vein (PV) isolation. The presence of a conduction gap in a wide antral circumferential ablation lesion around PVs is often sufficient to transform an initially successful ablation into a procedural failure, thus necessitating a redo intervention. The strategy during a redo procedure is based on the detection and ablation of the reconnection gap. Finding gaps is often simple, but also sometimes challenging, because gaps may be difficult to detect, resulting in unnecessary radiofrequency delivery. The present review aimed to describe the various techniques published thus far to detect residual reconnections along the encircling ablation lines around PVs, to help electrophysiologists to detect and ablate reconnection gaps.

16.
Heart Rhythm ; 16(10): 1506-1512, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) can occur after continuous flow left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation as a single arrhythmic event or as electrical storm (ES) with multiple repetitive VA episodes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at analyzing the incidence, predictors, and clinical impact of ES in LVAD recipients. METHODS: Patients analyzed were those included in the multicenter ASSIST-ICD observational study. ES was consensually defined as occurrence of ≥3 separate episodes of sustained VAs within a 24-hour interval. RESULTS: Of 652 patients with an LVAD, 61 (9%) presented ES during a median follow-up period of 9.1 (interquartile range [IQR] 2.5-22.1) months. The first ES occurred after 17 (IQR 4.0-56.2) days post LVAD implantation, most of them during the first month after the device implantation (63%). The incidence then tended to decrease during the initial years of follow-up and increased again after the third year post LVAD implantation. History of VAs before LVAD implantation and heart failure duration > 84 months were independent predictors of ES. The occurrence of ES was associated with an increased early mortality since 20 patients (33%) died within the first 2 weeks of ES. Twenty-two patients (36.1%) presented at least 1 recurrence of ES, occurring 43.0 (IQR 8.0-69.0) days after the initial ES. Patients experiencing ES had a significantly lower 1-year survival rate than did those free from ES (log-rank, P = .039). CONCLUSION: There is a significant incidence of ES in patients with an LVAD. The short-term mortality after ES is high, and one-third of patients will die within 15 days. Whether radiofrequency ablation of arrhythmias improves outcomes would require further studies.

17.
Am Heart J ; 214: 69-76, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular assist device (LVAD)-associated infections may be life-threatening and impact patients' outcome. We aimed to identify the characteristics, risk factors, and prognosis of LVAD-associated infections. METHODS: Patients included in the ASSIST-ICD study (19 centers) were enrolled. The main outcome was the occurrence of LVAD-associated infection (driveline infection, pocket infection, or pump/cannula infection) during follow-up. RESULTS: Of the 652 patients enrolled, 201 (30.1%) presented a total of 248 LVAD infections diagnosed 6.5 months after implantation, including 171 (26.2%), 51 (7.8%), and 26 (4.0%) percutaneous driveline infection, pocket infection, or pump/cannula infection, respectively. Patients with infections were aged 58.7 years, and most received HeartMate II (82.1%) or HeartWare (13.4%). Most patients (62%) had implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) before LVAD, and 104 (16.0%) had ICD implantation, extraction, or replacement after the LVAD surgery. Main pathogens found among the 248 infections were Staphylococcus aureus (n = 113' 45.4%), Enterobacteriaceae (n = 61; 24.6%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n = 34; 13.7%), coagulase-negative staphylococci (n = 13; 5.2%), and Candida species (n = 13; 5.2%). In multivariable analysis, HeartMate II (subhazard ratio, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.03 to 2.36; P = .031) and ICD-related procedures post-LVAD (subhazard ratio, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.03-1.98; P = .031) were significantly associated with LVAD infections. Infections had no detrimental impact on survival. CONCLUSIONS: Left ventricular assist device-associated infections affect one-third of LVAD recipients, mostly related to skin pathogens and gram-negative bacilli, with increased risk with HeartMate II as compared with HeartWare, and in patients who required ICD-related procedures post-LVAD. This is a plea to better select patients needing ICD implantation/replacement after LVAD implantation.

18.
Am Heart J ; 212: 53-63, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30951976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that myocardial constructive work (CW) assessed by pressure-strain loops (PSLs) is an independent predictor of a volumetric response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of CW in predicting the cardiac outcome of heart failure patients undergoing CRT. METHODS: This is a retrospective study including 166 CRT candidates (ejection fraction [EF] ≤35%, QRS duration ≥120 milliseconds). Two-dimensional standard echocardiography and speckle-tracking echocardiography were performed before CRT and at 6-month follow-up. PSLs were used to assess myocardial CW. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 4 years (range 1.3-5 years), cardiac death occurred in 14 patients (8%). A multivariable Cox regression analysis including age, coronary artery disease, and septal flash showed that CW≤888 mm Hg% was the only independent predictor of cardiac mortality (hazard ratio 4.23, 95% CI 1.08-16.5, P = .03). After 6 months of CRT, a 15% reduction in left ventricular end-systolic volume was observed in 118 (71%) patients, and a CRT volumetric response was identified. Among CRT responders, the concomitant presence of CW ≤888 mm Hg% identified a subgroup of patients at high risk of cardiac death (P = .04 in the log-rank test). The addition of CW ≤888 mm Hg% to a model including age, coronary artery disease, septal flash, and CRT response caused a significant increase in model power for the prediction of cardiac death (χ2: 12.6 vs 25.7, P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: The estimation of left ventricular CW by PSLs is a relatively novel tool that allows for the prediction of cardiac outcome in CRT candidates.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Eletrocardiografia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Seleção de Pacientes , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Idoso , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Europace ; 21(7): 1063-1069, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891608

RESUMO

AIMS: Current guidelines do not propose any age cut-off for the primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). However, the risk/benefit balance in the very elderly population has not been well studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a multicentre French study assessing patients implanted with an ICD for primary prevention, outcomes among patients aged ≥80 years were compared with <80 years old controls matched for sex and underlying heart disease (ischaemic and dilated cardiomyopathy). A total of 300 ICD recipients were enrolled in this specific analysis, including 150 patients ≥80 years (mean age 81.9 ± 2.0 years; 86.7% males) and 150 controls (mean age 61.8 ± 10.8 years). Among older patients, 92 (75.6%) had no more than one associated comorbidity. Most subjects in the elderly group got an ICD as part of a cardiac resynchronization therapy procedure (74% vs. 46%, P < 0.0001). After a mean follow-up of 3.0 ± 2 years, 53 patients (35%) in the elderly group died, including 38.2% from non cardiovascular causes of death. Similar proportion of patients received ≥1 appropriate therapy (19.4% vs. 21.6%; P = 0.65) in the elderly group and controls, respectively. There was a trend towards more early perioperative events (P = 0.10) in the elderly, with no significant increase in late complications (P = 0.73). CONCLUSION: Primary prevention ICD recipients ≥80 years in the real world had relatively low associated comorbidity. Rates of appropriate therapies and device-related complications were similar, compared with younger subjects. Nevertheless, the inherent limitations in interpreting observational data on this particular competing risk situation call for randomized controlled trials to provide definitive answers. Meanwhile, a careful multidisciplinary evaluation is needed to guide patient selection for ICD implantation in the elderly population.

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