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1.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825017

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (UD EGC) shows lower curative resection rates after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Additional surgery is recommended after non-curative resection. We evaluated the long-term outcomes of ESD followed by additional surgery after non-curative resection in UD EGC compared to those for surgery as initial treatment. METHODS: We reviewed 1139 UD EGC patients who underwent ESD at 18 hospitals and 1956 patients who underwent surgery at two hospitals between February 2005 and May 2015. We enrolled 636 patients with non-curative ESD and 1429 surgery subjects beyond the curative ESD criteria. Among them, 133 patients with additional surgery after ESD (ESD + OP group) and 252 patients without additional surgery (ESD-only group) were matched 1:1 using propensity scores to patients with surgery as initial treatment (surgery group). Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were compared. RESULTS: Signet ring cell carcinoma and poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (PDA) were observed in 939 and 1126 cases, respectively. OS was significantly longer in the surgery group than in the ESD + OP group, especially for PDA. However, RFS was shorter in the ESD-only group than those in the ESD + OP and surgery groups. RFS did not differ significantly between the ESD + OP and surgery groups. Compared to the surgery group, the ESD-only and ESD + OP groups had an overall hazard ratio for RFS of 3.58 (95% confidence interval 1.44-8.88) and 0.46 (0.10-2.20), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: ESD followed by additional surgery after non-curative resection showed comparable cancer-specific outcomes to initial surgery in UD EGC.

2.
Gut Liver ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790056

RESUMO

Background/Aims: This study examined the long-term outcomes of undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (UD EGC) with positive horizontal margins (HMs) after endoscopic resection (ER) and compared them between additional surgery and nonsurgical management. Methods: From 2005 to 2015, a total of 1,124 patients with UD EGC underwent ER at 18 tertiary hospitals in Korea. Of them, 92 patients with positive HMs as the only noncurative factor (n=25) or with both positive HMs and tumor size >2 cm (n=67) were included. These patients underwent additional surgery (n=40), underwent additional endoscopic treatment (n=6), or were followed up without further treatment (n=46). Results: No lymph node (LN) metastasis was found in patients who underwent additional surgery. During a median follow-up of 57.7 months (interquartile range, 27.6 to 68.8 months), no LN or distant metastases or gastric cancer-related deaths occurred in the overall cohort. At baseline, the residual cancer rate was 57.8% (26/45) after additional surgery or ER. The 5-year local recurrence rate was 33.6% among patients who were followed up without additional treatment. The 5-year overall survival rates were 95.0% and 87.8% after additional surgery and nonsurgical management (endoscopic treatment or close follow-up), respectively (log-rank p=0.224). In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, nonsurgical management was not associated with an increased risk of mortality. Conclusions: UD EGC with positive HMs after ER may have favorable long-term outcomes and a very low risk of LN metastasis. Nonsurgical management may be suggested as an alternative, particularly for patients with old age or chronic illness.

3.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an effective treatment for early gastric cancer (EGC); however, its curative resection rate is low for undifferentiated-type EGC. We developed and externally validated a prediction model for curative ESD of undifferentiated-type EGC. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included 448 patients who underwent ESD for undifferentiated-type EGC at 18 hospitals in Korea between 2005 and 2015 in the development cohort and 1342 patients who underwent surgery at two hospitals in the validation cohort. A prediction model was developed using the logistic regression model. RESULTS: Endoscopic tumor size 1-2 cm (odds ratio [OR], 2.40; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.54-3.73), tumor size > 2 cm (OR, 14.00; 95% CI 6.81-28.77), and proximal tumor location from the lower to upper third of the stomach (OR, 1.45; 95% CI 1.03-2.04) were independent predictors of non-curative ESD. A six-score prediction model was developed by assigning points to endoscopic tumor size > 2 cm (five points), tumor size 1-2 cm (two points), upper third location (two points), and middle third location (one point). The rate of curative ESD ranged from 70.6% (score 0) to 11.6% (score 5) with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.720 (95% CI 0.673-0.766). The model also showed good performance in the validation cohort (AUC, 0.775; 95% CI 0.748-0.803). CONCLUSIONS: This six-score prediction model may help in predicting curative ESD and making informed decisions about the treatment selection between ESD and surgery for undifferentiated-type EGC.

4.
Helicobacter ; 26(2): e12780, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Eradication rate of standard triple therapy for H. pylori has declined to unacceptable level, and alternative regimens such as concomitant and sequential therapy have been introduced. We aimed to assess the consistency of eradication rates of concomitant and sequential therapies as for the first-line H. pylori eradication in Korea. METHODS: A nationwide multicenter retrospective study was conducted including 18 medical centers from January 2008 to December 2017. We included 3,800 adults who had test to confirm H. pylori eradication within 1 year after concomitant or sequential therapy. RESULTS: Concomitant and sequential therapy were prescribed for 2508 and 1292 patients, respectively. The overall eradication rate of concomitant therapy was significantly higher than that of sequential therapy (91.8% vs. 86.1%, p < .001). In time trend analysis, the eradication rates of concomitant therapy were 90.2%, 88.2%, 92.1%, 94.3%, 91.1%, and 93.4% for each year from 2012 to 2017 with an increasing trend (p = .0146), while those of ST showed no significant trend (p = .0873). Among 263 patients with second-line therapy, bismuth quadruple therapy showed significantly higher eradication rate than quinolone-based triple therapy (73.9% vs. 51.5% in ITT analysis, p = .001; 82.7% vs. 63.0% in PP analysis, p = .002). CONCLUSION: Concomitant therapy is the best regimen for the first-line H. pylori eradication showing consistently higher eradication rate with an increasing trend for the last 10 years in Korea. Bismuth quadruple therapy should be considered for second-line therapy after eradication failure using non-bismuth quadruple therapy.

6.
Gut Liver ; 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33293482

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Unlike other gastrointestinal tract cancers, there are relatively few reports on the clinical significance of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and TWIST, a marker of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). This study aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of TWIST expression in CTCs in patients with ESCC. Methods: Peripheral blood samples for CTC analyses were prospectively obtained from 52 patients with ESCC prior to treatment between September 2017 and September 2019. CTCs were detected using a centrifugal microfluidic system based on a fluid-assisted separation technique, and CTCs positive for TWIST on immunostaining were defined as TWIST (+) CTCs. Results: Of the 52 patients with ESCC, CTCs and TWIST (+) CTCs were detected in 44 patients (84.6%) and 39 patients (75.0%), respectively. The CTC and TWIST (+) CTC counts were significantly higher in patients aged >65 years and those who had a large tumor (>3 cm) than in those aged ≤65 years and those who had a small tumor (≤3 cm), respectively. There were no differences in CTC and TWIST (+) CTC counts according to tumor location, histologic grade, or TNM stage. TWIST (+) CTCs were significantly associated with histologic grade; a proportion of TWIST (+) CTCs ≥0.5 was significantly associated with advanced histologic grade. Other clinicopathologic characteristics such as sex, age, tumor location, tumor size, and TNM stages were not significantly associated with TWIST (+) CTCs. Conclusions: Our study showed that TWIST (+) CTCs were frequently detected in patients with ESCC, and a high proportion of TWIST (+) CTCs was associated with poor differentiation.

7.
Gut Liver ; 2020 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361546

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Achalasia is an esophageal motor disorder that leads to functional esophageal obstruction. Food stasis and bacterial fermentation can predispose an individual to esophageal mucosal inflammation, causing multifocal dysplasia and increasing the risk of developing esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. We aimed to evaluate esophageal mucosal alterations in achalasia patients and determine clinical factors associated with the histopathological findings. Methods: From 2009 to 2013, we obtained endoscopic biopsies from the lower and middle esophagus of 22 patients with achalasia and 17 controls. Patients' clinical data and histological severity of esophagitis were retrospectively analyzed. Additionally, immunohistochemical staining for CD3, CD20, Ki-67, and p53 was conducted. Results: The median age of achalasia patients was 49.5 years (range, 27 to 82 years), and there were nine males (40.9%). The median symptom duration was 5.8 years (range, 1 to 33.5 years), and 10 patients (45%) underwent previous treatment (nine, balloon dilation; one, botulinum toxin injection). Achalasia patients had significantly more severe esophagitis than did controls (p=0.001, lower esophagus; p=0.008, middle esophagus), and the number of CD3-positive lymphocytes exceeded that of CD20-positive lymphocytes (p<0.001). Achalasia patients also had a higher esophageal Ki-67 proliferation index (p=0.048). Although statistically nonsignificant, p53 expression was only observed in achalasia patients. There was no association between the histological severity of esophagitis and other clinicopathological findings. Conclusions: Achalasia patients showed significantly severe histological esophagitis and a high Ki-67 proliferation index, indicating an increased risk of neoplastic progression. Therefore, careful endoscopic inspection is necessary for the early detection of superficial neoplasia in these patients.

8.
Gut Liver ; 14(6): 707-726, 2020 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191311

RESUMO

Korean guidelines for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced peptic ulcer were previously developed in 2009 with the collaboration of the Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research and Korean Society of Gastroenterology. However, the previous guidelines were based mainly upon a review of the relevant literature and expert opinion. Therefore, the guidelines need to be revised. We organized a guideline Development Committee for drug-related peptic ulcer under the auspices of the Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research in 2017 and developed nine statements, including four for NSAIDs, three for aspirin and other antiplatelet agents, and two for anticoagulants through a de novo process founded on evidence-based medicine that included a literature search and a meta-analysis, A consensus was reached through the application of the modified Delphi method. The primary target of these guidelines is adult patients undergoing long-term treatment with NSAIDs, aspirin or other antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants. The revised guidelines reflect the expert consensus and is intended to assist clinicians in the management and prevention of druginduced peptic ulcer and associated conditions.

9.
Gastric Cancer ; 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33211219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for undifferentiated early gastric cancer (UD EGC) has debate due to the risk of lymph node metastasis. We investigated the outcomes of ESD compared to those of surgery for the UD EGC within expanded indication. METHODS: We reviewed 971 UD EGC patients performed ESD across 18 hospitals in Korea and 1812 patients who underwent surgical resection in two hospitals between February 2005 and May 2015. Of these cases, we enrolled a curative resected ESD group of 328 patients and surgery group of 383 cases within an expanded indication. Overall outcomes and one-to-one propensity score-matched (218 ESD group vs 218 surgery group cases) outcomes for these two groups were analyzed. RESULTS: Over the 75.6 month median follow-up period for the 711 enrolled cases, recurrences occurred in 22 patients (6.7%) in the ESD group but not in the surgery group. Overall survival (OS) was higher in the surgery group (p = 0.0316) in all cases, but there was no significant difference after propensity score matching (p = 0.069). According to the histologic type in propensity score matching, the OS of signet ring cell carcinoma and poorly differentiated carcinoma patients did not differ between the ESD and surgery groups (p = 0.1189 and p = 0.3087, respectively). In the surgery group involving expanded criteria, lymph node metastasis was found in six cases (1.56%). CONCLUSIONS: Although ESD shows comparable outcomes to surgery for the UD EGC within expanded indications, appropriate patient selection is needed for the ESD due to the possibility of lymph node metastasis.

11.
J Clin Med ; 9(10)2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is a useful diagnostic modality for evaluating gastric mesenchymal tumors; however, differentiating gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) from benign mesenchymal tumors such as leiomyomas and schwannomas remains challenging. For this reason, we developed a convolutional neural network computer-aided diagnosis (CNN-CAD) system that can analyze gastric mesenchymal tumors on EUS images. METHODS: A total of 905 EUS images of gastric mesenchymal tumors (pathologically confirmed GIST, leiomyoma, and schwannoma) were used as a training dataset. Validation was performed using 212 EUS images of gastric mesenchymal tumors. This test dataset was interpreted by three experienced and three junior endoscopists. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the CNN-CAD system for differentiating GISTs from non-GIST tumors were 83.0%, 75.5%, and 79.2%, respectively. Its diagnostic specificity and accuracy were significantly higher than those of two experienced and one junior endoscopists. In the further sequential analysis to differentiate leiomyoma from schwannoma in non-GIST tumors, the final diagnostic accuracy of the CNN-CAD system was 72.5%, which was significantly higher than that of two experienced and one junior endoscopists. CONCLUSIONS: Our CNN-CAD system showed high accuracy in diagnosing gastric mesenchymal tumors on EUS images. It may complement the current clinical practices in the EUS diagnosis of gastric mesenchymal tumors.

12.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 76(3): 108-133, 2020 09 25.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32969360

RESUMO

The Korean guidelines for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced peptic ulcers were previously developed under co-work with the Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research and Korean Society of Gastroenterology at 2009. On the other hand, the previous guidelines were based mainly on a literature review and expert opinions. Therefore, the guidelines need to be revised. In this study, a guideline development committee for drug-induced peptic ulcers was organized under the Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research in 2017. Nine statements were developed, including four for NSAID, three for aspirin and other antiplatelet agents, and two for anticoagulants through de novo processes based on evidence-based medicine, such as a literature search, meta-analysis, and the consensus was established using the modified Delphi method. The primary target of this guideline was adult patients taking long-term NSAIDs, aspirin, or other antiplatelet agent and anticoagulants. The revised guidelines reflect the consensus of expert opinions and are intended to assist relevant clinicians in the management and prevention of drug-induced peptic ulcers and associated conditions.

13.
Gastric Cancer ; 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the long-term clinical outcomes of endoscopic resection (ER) for undifferentiated-type (UD) early gastric cancer (EGC), with tumor size > 2 cm as the only non-curative factor. METHODS: From among 1123 patients who underwent ER for UD EGC at 18 tertiary hospitals in Korea between 2005 and 2014, we identified 216 patients with UD intramucosal EGC > 2 cm, which was completely resected, with negative resection margins, and absence of ulceration and lymphovascular invasion. The patients were divided into the additional surgery (n = 40) or observation (n = 176) groups, according to post-ER management and were followed up for a median duration of 59 months for recurrence and 90 months for overall survival. RESULTS: Lymph node (LN) or distant metastasis or cancer-related mortality was not observed in the surgery group. In the observation group, two (1.1%) patients developed LN or distant metastasis with a 5-year cumulative risk of 0.7%, and one (0.6%) patient died of gastric cancer. The 5- and 8-year overall survival rates were 94.1% and 89.9%, respectively, in the observation group and 100.0% and 95.2%, respectively, in the surgery group (log-rank P = 0.159). Cox regression analysis did not reveal an association between the observation group and increased mortality. CONCLUSION: The risk of LN or distant metastasis was not negligible, but as low as 1% for patients undergoing non-curative ER for UD EGC, with tumor size > 2 cm as the only non-curative factor. Close observation may be an alternative to surgery, especially for older patients or those with poor physical status.

14.
Gastric Cancer ; 2020 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate risk factors for lymph node (LN) or distant metastasis after non-curative endoscopic resection (ER) of undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (EGC). METHODS: Of 1124 patients who underwent ER for undifferentiated-type gastric cancer at 18 tertiary hospitals across six geographic areas in Korea between 2005 and 2014, 634 with non-curative ER beyond the expanded criteria were retrospectively enrolled. According to the treatment after ER, patients were divided into additional surgery (n = 270) and follow-up (n = 364) groups. The median follow-up duration was 59 months for recurrence and 84 months for mortality. RESULTS: LN metastasis was found in 6.7% (18/270) of patients at surgery. Ulcer [odds ratio (OR) 3.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.21-12.13; p = 0.022] and submucosal invasion (OR 10.35; 95% CI 1.35-79.48; p = 0.025) were independent risk factors. In the follow-up group, seven patients (1.9%) developed LN or distant recurrence. Ulcer [hazard ratio (HR) 7.60; 95% CI 1.39-35.74; p = 0.018], LVI (HR 6.80; 95% CI 1.07-42.99; p = 0.042), and positive vertical margin (HR 6.71; 95% CI 1.28-35.19; p = 0.024) were independent risk factors. In the overall cohort, LN metastasis rates were 9.6% in patients with two or more risk factors and 1.2% in those with no or one risk factor. CONCLUSIONS: LVI, ulcer, submucosal invasion, and positive vertical margin are independently associated with LN or distant metastasis after non-curative ER of undifferentiated-type EGC. Surgical resection is strongly recommended for patients with two or more risk factors.

16.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 31(1): 49-57, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The malignant potential of non-ampullary duodenal epithelial tumors (NADETs) is lower compared to that of other gastrointestinal epithelial tumors, but it should not be overlooked. Recently, endoscopic resection (ER) has been proposed as an alternative treatment option for NADETs. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the clinical outcomes of ER of NADETs and determine the factors associated with an incomplete resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study of 54 patients (56 lesions) with NADETs, who underwent ER in the period between October 2006 and March 2016, and analyzed the therapeutic outcomes and procedure-related adverse events. RESULTS: Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) was performed on 41 lesions, and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was performed on 15 lesions. The en bloc and complete resection rates were 82% (46/56) and 54% (30/56), respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analyses determined that the resection method (EMR: odds ratio 4.356, 95% confidence interval 1.021-18.585, p=0.047) was independently associated with incomplete resection. The procedure-related bleeding and perforation rates were 4% and 5%, respectively. Recurrence of tumor occurred in one of 44 patients during the median follow-up period of 25 months (range: 6-89 months). CONCLUSION: ER is an effective, safe, and feasible treatment option for NADETs. However, the incomplete resection rate increases when EMR is performed. Nevertheless, given the longer procedure time and the technical difficulty associated with ESD, and the excellent long-term outcomes associated with EMR, EMR of NADETs is appropriate, especially in patients with dysplastic lesions.

17.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 75(1): 46-49, 2020 01 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986573

RESUMO

Intussusception is a medical condition, in which a proximal part of the intestine folds into the distal intestine. Adult intussusceptions are rare and account for approximately 5% of all cases of intussusceptions. The anatomical leading points include tumors, diverticulums, polyps, and strictures in 80-90% of adult intussusceptions, and 65% of colon intussusceptions and 30% of small bowel intussusceptions originate from malignant tumors. Treatments for adult intussusception have not been established, but most cases require surgical treatment. The gastrointestinal tract is the most common extranodal site for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The symptoms are mostly non-specific, but they rarely lead to complications, such as bleeding, perforation, and intussusception. Furthermore, few cases of primary gastrointestinal lymphomas causing intussusception have been reported. This paper reports a case of small bowel diffuse large B cell lymphoma that caused ileocolic intussusception in a 69-year-old woman with no medical history. She underwent a small bowel resection and received six cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone. Since then, she has been in complete remission.


Assuntos
Doenças do Íleo/diagnóstico , Intussuscepção/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Doenças do Íleo/complicações , Íleo/patologia , Intussuscepção/complicações , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/complicações , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
Surg Endosc ; 34(9): 3999-4010, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With advances in diagnostic endoscopy, the incidence of superficial colorectal tumors, including laterally spreading tumors (LSTs), has increased. However, little is known about the long-term results of LSTs with positive lateral margin after endoscopic treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes and risk factors for local recurrence of LSTs with positive lateral margin after initial endoscopic resection. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 324 patients who had 363 LSTs with positive lateral margin after endoscopic resection at a tertiary academic medical center. The medical records from 2011 to 2015 were analyzed. Local recurrence was confirmed through endoscopic finding and subsequent biopsy analysis. We assessed the local recurrence rate and performed multivariate analyses to identify the factors associated with local recurrence. RESULTS: Follow-up colonoscopy was performed in 176 of 363 LSTs. The local recurrence rate was 6.3% (11/176), with a median (interquartile range [IQR]) follow-up period of 19.8 (12.4-46.5) months. In multivariate analysis, local recurrence was associated with piecemeal resection (odds ratio [OR] 6.62, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.28-34.33; p = 0.024) and inversely associated with thermal ablation (OR 0.033, 95% CI 0.00-0.45; p = 0.011). At surveillance colonoscopy, histology of the recurrent tumor was adenoma in 10 (90.9%) of 11; these were treated endoscopically. CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective study, we found that endoscopically resected LSTs with positive lateral margin have a low recurrence rate. Piecemeal resection was associated with higher local recurrence, and thermal ablation was inversely associated with local recurrence. Endoscopic resection with positive lateral margin combined with thermal ablation leads to a low recurrence rate.

19.
Gut Liver ; 14(1): 57-66, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30974930

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Although acid suppressants are widely used for the prevention or treatment of drug-induced upper gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB), evidence regarding the prevention of anticoagulant-related GIB is scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of acid suppressants against anticoagulant-related GIB. Methods: A systematic review was conducted of studies that evaluated the protective effect of acid suppressants against anticoagulant-related GIB found in PubMed, the Cochrane library, Embase, and KoreaMed from the date of database inception to April 2018. Random effect model meta-analyses with sensitivity analyses were conducted. The methodological quality of each included publication was evaluated using the Risk of Bias Assessment Tool for Nonrandomized Studies. Publication bias was assessed. Results: In total, six nested case-control or cohort studies were identified and analyzed. Proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) had a protective effect against upper GIB in patients on dicumarinics (risk ratio [RR], 0.56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.38 to 0.83; I2, 0%); however, the histamine-2 receptor antagonist did not have the same effect (RR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.52 to 1.81; I2, 0%). Acid suppressants did not have a protective effect against GIB in patients on dabigatran (hazard ratio, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.44 to 1.37; I2, 81.8%). Conclusions: The protective effect of PPIs against dicumarinics-related upper GIB was clear, while there was no evidence supporting the protective effect of acid suppressants against dabigatran-related GIB. However, in the absence of randomized trials demonstrating a lack of bias, solid conclusions cannot be drawn.


Assuntos
Antiácidos/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/prevenção & controle , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos H2/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Cumarínicos/efeitos adversos , Dabigatrana/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Gastroenterol Res Pract ; 2019: 8425157, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687016

RESUMO

Background: Rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) < 10 mm in diameter, limited to the submucosa without local or distant metastasis, can be treated endoscopically. Endoscopic mucosal resection with a ligation band device (EMR-L) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) have been employed to resect rectal NETs. We evaluated and compared the clinical outcomes of EMR-L and ESD for endoscopic resection of rectal NETs G1 < 10 mm in diameter. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 82 rectal NETs in 82 patients who underwent either EMR-L or ESD. Therapeutic outcomes (en bloc resection and complete resection rates), procedure time, and procedure-related adverse events were evaluated. Additionally, we measured the distance of the lateral and vertical margins from the border of the tumor in pathologic specimens and compared the resectability between EMR-L and ESD. Results: Sixty-six lesions were treated using EMR-L and 16 using ESD. En bloc resection was achieved in all patients. The complete resection rate with EMR-L was significantly higher than that with ESD (95.5% vs.75.0%, p = 0.025). The prevalence of vertical margin involvement was significantly higher in the ESD group than in the EMR-L group (12.5% vs. 0%, p = 0.036), and ESD was more time consuming than EMR-L (24.21 ± 12.18 vs. 7.05 ± 4.53 min, p < 0.001). The lateral and vertical margins were more distant in the EMR-L group than in the ESD group (lateral margin distance, 1661 ± 849 vs. 1514 ± 948 µm; vertical margin distance, 277 ± 308 vs. 202 ± 171 µm). Conclusions: EMR-L is more favorable for small rectal NETs with respect to therapeutic outcomes, procedure time, and technical difficulties. Additionally, EMR-L enables achievement of sufficient vertical margin distances.

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