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1.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 31(1): 49-57, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The malignant potential of non-ampullary duodenal epithelial tumors (NADETs) is lower compared to that of other gastrointestinal epithelial tumors, but it should not be overlooked. Recently, endoscopic resection (ER) has been proposed as an alternative treatment option for NADETs. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the clinical outcomes of ER of NADETs and determine the factors associated with an incomplete resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study of 54 patients (56 lesions) with NADETs, who underwent ER in the period between October 2006 and March 2016, and analyzed the therapeutic outcomes and procedure-related adverse events. RESULTS: Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) was performed on 41 lesions, and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was performed on 15 lesions. The en bloc and complete resection rates were 82% (46/56) and 54% (30/56), respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analyses determined that the resection method (EMR: odds ratio 4.356, 95% confidence interval 1.021-18.585, p=0.047) was independently associated with incomplete resection. The procedure-related bleeding and perforation rates were 4% and 5%, respectively. Recurrence of tumor occurred in one of 44 patients during the median follow-up period of 25 months (range: 6-89 months). CONCLUSION: ER is an effective, safe, and feasible treatment option for NADETs. However, the incomplete resection rate increases when EMR is performed. Nevertheless, given the longer procedure time and the technical difficulty associated with ESD, and the excellent long-term outcomes associated with EMR, EMR of NADETs is appropriate, especially in patients with dysplastic lesions.

2.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 75(1): 46-49, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986573

RESUMO

Intussusception is a medical condition, in which a proximal part of the intestine folds into the distal intestine. Adult intussusceptions are rare and account for approximately 5% of all cases of intussusceptions. The anatomical leading points include tumors, diverticulums, polyps, and strictures in 80-90% of adult intussusceptions, and 65% of colon intussusceptions and 30% of small bowel intussusceptions originate from malignant tumors. Treatments for adult intussusception have not been established, but most cases require surgical treatment. The gastrointestinal tract is the most common extranodal site for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The symptoms are mostly non-specific, but they rarely lead to complications, such as bleeding, perforation, and intussusception. Furthermore, few cases of primary gastrointestinal lymphomas causing intussusception have been reported. This paper reports a case of small bowel diffuse large B cell lymphoma that caused ileocolic intussusception in a 69-year-old woman with no medical history. She underwent a small bowel resection and received six cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone. Since then, she has been in complete remission.

3.
Gut Liver ; 14(1): 57-66, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30974930

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Although acid suppressants are widely used for the prevention or treatment of drug-induced upper gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB), evidence regarding the prevention of anticoagulant-related GIB is scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of acid suppressants against anticoagulant-related GIB. Methods: A systematic review was conducted of studies that evaluated the protective effect of acid suppressants against anticoagulant-related GIB found in PubMed, the Cochrane library, Embase, and KoreaMed from the date of database inception to April 2018. Random effect model meta-analyses with sensitivity analyses were conducted. The methodological quality of each included publication was evaluated using the Risk of Bias Assessment Tool for Nonrandomized Studies. Publication bias was assessed. Results: In total, six nested case-control or cohort studies were identified and analyzed. Proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) had a protective effect against upper GIB in patients on dicumarinics (risk ratio [RR], 0.56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.38 to 0.83; I2, 0%); however, the histamine-2 receptor antagonist did not have the same effect (RR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.52 to 1.81; I2, 0%). Acid suppressants did not have a protective effect against GIB in patients on dabigatran (hazard ratio, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.44 to 1.37; I2, 81.8%). Conclusions: The protective effect of PPIs against dicumarinics-related upper GIB was clear, while there was no evidence supporting the protective effect of acid suppressants against dabigatran-related GIB. However, in the absence of randomized trials demonstrating a lack of bias, solid conclusions cannot be drawn.

4.
Gastroenterol Res Pract ; 2019: 8425157, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687016

RESUMO

Background: Rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) < 10 mm in diameter, limited to the submucosa without local or distant metastasis, can be treated endoscopically. Endoscopic mucosal resection with a ligation band device (EMR-L) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) have been employed to resect rectal NETs. We evaluated and compared the clinical outcomes of EMR-L and ESD for endoscopic resection of rectal NETs G1 < 10 mm in diameter. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 82 rectal NETs in 82 patients who underwent either EMR-L or ESD. Therapeutic outcomes (en bloc resection and complete resection rates), procedure time, and procedure-related adverse events were evaluated. Additionally, we measured the distance of the lateral and vertical margins from the border of the tumor in pathologic specimens and compared the resectability between EMR-L and ESD. Results: Sixty-six lesions were treated using EMR-L and 16 using ESD. En bloc resection was achieved in all patients. The complete resection rate with EMR-L was significantly higher than that with ESD (95.5% vs.75.0%, p = 0.025). The prevalence of vertical margin involvement was significantly higher in the ESD group than in the EMR-L group (12.5% vs. 0%, p = 0.036), and ESD was more time consuming than EMR-L (24.21 ± 12.18 vs. 7.05 ± 4.53 min, p < 0.001). The lateral and vertical margins were more distant in the EMR-L group than in the ESD group (lateral margin distance, 1661 ± 849 vs. 1514 ± 948 µm; vertical margin distance, 277 ± 308 vs. 202 ± 171 µm). Conclusions: EMR-L is more favorable for small rectal NETs with respect to therapeutic outcomes, procedure time, and technical difficulties. Additionally, EMR-L enables achievement of sufficient vertical margin distances.

5.
Surg Endosc ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With advances in diagnostic endoscopy, the incidence of superficial colorectal tumors, including laterally spreading tumors (LSTs), has increased. However, little is known about the long-term results of LSTs with positive lateral margin after endoscopic treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes and risk factors for local recurrence of LSTs with positive lateral margin after initial endoscopic resection. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 324 patients who had 363 LSTs with positive lateral margin after endoscopic resection at a tertiary academic medical center. The medical records from 2011 to 2015 were analyzed. Local recurrence was confirmed through endoscopic finding and subsequent biopsy analysis. We assessed the local recurrence rate and performed multivariate analyses to identify the factors associated with local recurrence. RESULTS: Follow-up colonoscopy was performed in 176 of 363 LSTs. The local recurrence rate was 6.3% (11/176), with a median (interquartile range [IQR]) follow-up period of 19.8 (12.4-46.5) months. In multivariate analysis, local recurrence was associated with piecemeal resection (odds ratio [OR] 6.62, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.28-34.33; p = 0.024) and inversely associated with thermal ablation (OR 0.033, 95% CI 0.00-0.45; p = 0.011). At surveillance colonoscopy, histology of the recurrent tumor was adenoma in 10 (90.9%) of 11; these were treated endoscopically. CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective study, we found that endoscopically resected LSTs with positive lateral margin have a low recurrence rate. Piecemeal resection was associated with higher local recurrence, and thermal ablation was inversely associated with local recurrence. Endoscopic resection with positive lateral margin combined with thermal ablation leads to a low recurrence rate.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(23): e15885, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169696

RESUMO

Duodenal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare, and risk factors associated with lymph node (LN) metastasis are still not well defined. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors of LN metastasis in duodenal NETs based on the final histopathologic results and clinical follow-up data.This study included a total of 44 duodenal NETs in 38 patients who underwent endoscopic or surgical resection between January 2008 and December 2015. Diagnosis of duodenal NETs was confirmed based on immunohistochemical staining of chromogranin A, synaptophysin, and CD56; the clinicopathologic records were collected at the time of the initial diagnosis of duodenal NETs.Most duodenal NETs were small (≤1 cm in 33 tumors), World Health Organization (WHO) grade G1 (in 32 tumors), limited to the mucosa and/or submucosa (in 40 tumors), and located at the duodenal bulb (in 32 tumors). Of 44 tumors, lymphovascular invasion was present in 4 (9.1%), and among 38 patients, LN metastasis was detected in 4 (10.5%). LN metastases were significantly associated with the non-bulb location, tumor size >10 mm, tumor invasion into the muscularis propria or deeper, WHO grade G2, and lymphovascular invasion. During the mean follow-up period of 54.5 months (range, 24-123 months), recurrence occurred in 1 patient.Non-bulb location, tumor size >10 mm, invasion beyond the submucosa, WHO grade G2, and lymphovascular invasion are risk factors of LN metastasis in duodenal NETs. These findings can help clinicians choose the appropriate therapeutic modality for duodenal NETs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Invasividade Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Carga Tumoral
8.
Surg Endosc ; 33(5): 1441-1450, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30238157

RESUMO

PURPOSE: With the widespread use of minimally invasive surgery, tumor detection is becoming more difficult. We present the experimental results of a radio-frequency identification (RFID) lesion detection system in an ex vivo porcine model. METHODS: The efficacy and feasibility of a newly developed RFID lesion detection system were examined. It was applied to the stomach and colon of pigs weighing 40 kg. The RFID clip was attached to the upper and lower mucosal sides of the stomach. Colon specimens with thin and thick walls were used. The clipped sites were marked on the serosa by a pin. The longest distance from the pin the RFID tag could be detected was measured 25 times in each direction. RESULTS: In the upper gastric wall, the RFID tag detection distance was 4.5 ± 0.9 mm, 5.6 ± 0.7 mm, 12.5 ± 0.7 mm, and 5.3 ± 0.5 mm in the four directions, respectively (right, left, upper, and lower). In the antrum, the RFID tag detection distance was 5.8 ± 0.7 mm, 6.9 ± 0.5 mm, 5.6 ± 0.5 mm, and 3.7 ± 0.5 mm in the four directions. In the thin colon, the RFID tag detection distance was 6.3 ± 0.5 mm, 5.0 ± 0.5 mm, 9.7 ± 0.7 mm, and 6.4 ± 0.4 mm in the four directions. In the thick colon, the RFID tag detection distance was 3.5 ± 0.8 mm, 6.6 ± 0.5 mm, 8.4 ± 0.6 mm, and 9.8 ± 0.5 mm in the four directions. The area of detection was smallest for the antrum (83.7 mm2) and similar for the other sites (150.6, 154.7 and 157.7 mm2 for the upper body, thin colon, and thick colon, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The distance at which the RFID tag was detected was usually within 10 mm. These results indicate the feasibility of the clinical application of the add-on clip and RFID tag as a marker for identifying the location of various gastrointestinal tumors.

9.
Gut Liver ; 13(1): 40-47, 2019 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30400726

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Proton pump inhibitors are widely used to prevent gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD)-related bleeding, but no standard administration regimens have been established. We aimed to prospectively compare the effects of continuous infusion and intermittent dosing with pantoprazole on preventing gastric ESD-related bleeding. Additionally, we analyzed the risk factors for bleeding. Methods: From April 2012 to May 2013, patients with a gastric epithelial neoplasm scheduled for ESD in the Pusan National University Hospital were randomly assigned to one of two groups according to the pantoprazole administration regimen (continuous infusion or intermittent dosing). The primary outcomes measured were intra- and postprocedural bleeding events. Results: The final analysis included 401 patients. The rate of significant intraprocedural bleeding was 25.4% in the C group and 24.0% in the I group, with no significant difference (p=0.419). In addition, there was no significant difference in the postprocedural bleeding rate between the C and I groups (11.7% vs 10.2%, p=0.374). Multivariate analysis showed that intraprocedural bleeding was associated with the proximal tumor location, the presence of fibrosis, and the size of the resected specimen, whereas postprocedural bleeding was associated with the size of the resected specimen and the procedure/coagulation time. Conclusions: Intermittent dosing with pantoprazole is sufficient and cost-effective for the prevention of gastric ESD-related bleeding. Operators should consider tumor characteristics when planning ESD to minimize the risk of intraprocedural bleeding, and patients with large iatrogenic ulcers should be carefully monitored for postprocedural bleeding.


Assuntos
Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/métodos , Gastroscopia/métodos , Pantoprazol/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/prevenção & controle , Gastroscopia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estômago/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 34(3): 552-560, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30426559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the aggressive gastrointestinal tract cancers. Detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in peripheral blood from patients with various malignancies has been reported to have diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic implications. We aimed to evaluate CTCs in patients with ESCC and assess the clinical significance of CTCs in the early diagnosis of ESCC. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples for CTCs analyses were prospectively obtained from 73 patients with ESCC prior to treatment between March 2015 and June 2018. CTCs were detected using a centrifugal microfluidic system with a new fluid-assisted separation technique. Blood samples from 31 healthy volunteers were used as controls. RESULTS: After creating a receiver operating characteristic curve to determine the optimal CTC threshold to differentiate patients with ESCC from healthy controls, sensitivity and specificity were most optimized at a CTC threshold of two per 7.5 mL of blood. Among 66 subjects with ≥ 2 CTCs per 7.5 mL of blood, 63 (95.5%) had ESCC. Among 38 subjects with < 2 CTCs per 7.5 mL of blood, 28 (73.7%) were healthy controls. When using this threshold, the sensitivity and specificity for differentiating patients with ESCC from healthy controls were 86.3% and 90.3%, respectively. CTC count was associated with tumor-node-metastasis stage, especially lymph node metastasis, but there was no correlation with any other relevant clinicopathologic variable. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that CTCs detected using fluid-assisted separation technique could be helpful for early diagnosis of ESCC. Further large-scale prospective studies are warranted to validate our findings.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Separação Celular/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/sangue , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
11.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 34(6): 1058-1065, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Endoscopic forceps biopsy results that reflect the final pathologic results of an entire lesion are essential for making accurate diagnoses and appropriate therapeutic decisions for patients with superficial esophageal squamous neoplasms (SESNs). This study investigated the histopathologic discrepancies between endoscopic forceps biopsy and endoscopic resection specimens to elucidate the factors contributing to such discrepancies. METHODS: This retrospective observational study involved 77 patients (84 lesions) who underwent endoscopic resections for SESNs, between January 2005 and August 2017, at the Pusan National University Hospital. The SESNs were classified as low-grade intraepithelial neoplasms (LGINs), high-grade intraepithelial neoplasms (HGINs), or squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Following slide reviews, the histopathologic concordance between endoscopic forceps biopsy and endoscopic resection specimens was assessed, in each case. RESULTS: The histopathologic discrepancy rate between the endoscopic forceps biopsy and endoscopic resection specimens was 34.5% (29/84 lesions). Among the 29 diagnostically discordant lesions, upgrades and downgrades of the histopathologic diagnoses occurred for 27 and 2 lesions, respectively. The predominant discrepancies results in lesion upgrades from HGIN to SCC (n = 21) and from LGIN to SCC (n = 5). The two downgraded cases included one from SCC to HGIN and one from HGIN to LGIN. Multivariate analyses identified two factors that were significantly associated with the histopathologic discrepancies: upper esophageal location (odds ratio, 7.743; 95% confidence interval, 1.031-58.174; P = 0.047) and tumor area per biopsy ≥ 158.6 mm2 /biopsy (odds ratio, 5.933; 95% confidence interval, 1.051-44.483; P = 0.044). CONCLUSION: Histopathologic discrepancies were observed between endoscopic forceps biopsy and endoscopic resection specimens in patients with SESNs. Tumor location and tumor area/biopsy were both significantly associated with the discrepancies.


Assuntos
Biópsia/métodos , Carcinoma in Situ/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia/instrumentação , Carcinoma in Situ/diagnóstico , Carcinoma in Situ/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/instrumentação , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Manejo de Espécimes/instrumentação
12.
Gastroenterol Res Pract ; 2018: 8562792, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30327668

RESUMO

Background: Chronic gastric anisakiasis is a rare, usually asymptomatic, and difficult to diagnose infection incidentally discovered during endoscopy, resembling a subepithelial tumor (SET). Because its endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) findings are not established, it is occasionally misdiagnosed as gastrointestinal mesenchymal tumors and removed by endoscopic or surgical resection. We aimed to assess the characteristic EUS findings of chronic gastric anisakiasis and the clinical course during follow-up. Methods: The database of all patients who underwent EUS at Pusan National University Hospital (Busan, Korea) between January 2011 and December 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. A total of 28 SET cases with EUS features suggesting chronic gastric anisakiasis were included in the study. The EUS, histopathologic, and follow-up endoscopic features were analyzed. Results: On EUS, the lesions were mainly located in the submucosal and/or propria muscle layers. Twenty-seven lesions (27/28, 96%) showed hypoechoic echogenicity, and 22 lesions (22/28, 79%) were heterogeneous. Hyperechoic tubular structures suggesting denaturalized Anisakidae larvae were seen in 22 lesions (22/28, 79%). Endoscopic biopsies revealed significant eosinophil infiltration (≥30 per high-power field) in 12 lesions (12/21, 57%). During the median follow-up period of 9 months (range, 1-55 months), SETs decreased or subsided in 26 lesions (26/28, 93%) with no change in the size of the two lesions (2/28, 7%). Conclusions: Chronic gastric anisakiasis, although rare, should be included in the differential diagnoses for gastric SETs, especially in regions where raw fish is widely consumed. EUS findings suggesting chronic gastric anisakiasis are heterogeneously hypoechoic lesions with hyperechoic tubular structures, mainly in the submucosal and/or muscularis propria layers. Because chronic gastric anisakiasis decreases or subsides in most cases, follow-up endoscopy 6-12 months later is recommended.

13.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 72(1): 28-32, 2018 Jul 25.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30049175

RESUMO

An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare disease that can occur in a variety of locations, including the lung, orbit, parotid, pleura, and stomach. Despite multiple reports in various organs, a duodenal IMT is rare with limited case reports. We encountered a case of a 49-year-old male with a duodenal IMT. The patient underwent a laparoscopic wedge resection under the impression of a duodenal mesenchymal tumor, such as gastrointestinal stromal tumor, but the final diagnosis was a duodenal IMT. The patient was treated successfully with an oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug for the residual lesions. He was free of recurrence during the 12 month follow-up period.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Duodenais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Tecido Muscular/diagnóstico , Actinas/metabolismo , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/metabolismo , Neoplasias Duodenais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Naproxeno/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Tecido Muscular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Tecido Muscular/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
14.
Gut Liver ; 12(5): 516-522, 2018 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29938452

RESUMO

Background/Aims: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a controlled release, once-daily formulation of mosapride (UI05MSP015CT) in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). Methods: Patients with FD were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either UI05MSP015CT (15 mg once a day, study group) or mosapride (5 mg three times a day, control group) and corresponding placebo for 4 weeks. The primary endpoint was a change in the gastrointestinal symptom score (GIS) evaluated at enrollment and after 4 weeks. Secondary endpoints were changes in the Nepean Dyspepsia Index-Korean version (NDI-K), rate of satisfactory symptom relief, and rate of adverse events. Results: A total of 138 patients were enrolled (female, 73.9%; mean age, 44.0±15.4 years). After excluding patients who violated the study protocol, 59 and 58 patients from the study and control groups, respectively, were included in the per-protocol analysis. No difference was observed in drug compliance between the control and study groups (97.07%±4.52% vs 96.85%±6.05%, p=0.870). Changes in GIS scores were -9.69±6.44 and -10.01±5.92 in the study and control groups. The mean difference in GIS change between groups was 0.33 (95% confidence interval, -1.75 to 2.41), demonstrating non-inferiority of UI-05MSP015CT (p=0.755). The rate of satisfactory symptom relief was not different between the study and control groups (39.0% vs 56.9%, p=0.053). No differences in change in NDI-K score (14.3 vs 16.9, p=0.263) or rates of adverse events (12.9% vs. 4.4%, p=0.062) were observed between the study and control groups. Conclusions: Once-daily mosapride is not inferior to conventional mosapride in efficacy and is safe in patients with FD.


Assuntos
Benzamidas/administração & dosagem , Dispepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/administração & dosagem , Morfolinas/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 71(6): 349-353, 2018 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29943562

RESUMO

We report a case of bleeding ileal varices associated with intra-abdominal adhesions after colectomy which was successfully diagnosed using capsule endoscopy. A 77-year-old woman visited the emergency department for several episodes of melena. She had a medical history of neoadjuvant chemo-radiation therapy and subsequent surgery for rectal cancer 6 years previously. Conventional diagnostic examinations including upper endoscopy, colonoscopy, and abdominal computed tomography could not detect any bleeding focus, however, following capsule endoscopy revealed venous dilatations with some fresh blood in the distal ileum, indicating bleeding ileal varices. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy and the affected ileum was successfully resected. No further gastrointestinal bleeding occurred during the 6 months follow-up. Small intestinal varices are important differential for obscure gastrointestinal bleeding especially in patients with a history of abdominal surgery in the absence of liver cirrhosis, and capsule endoscopy can be a good option for diagnosing small intestinal varices.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Íleo/patologia , Idoso , Colectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Melena/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
Endosc Int Open ; 6(3): E369-E375, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29527560

RESUMO

Background and study aims: Heterotopic pancreas is a common subepithelial lesion in the stomach. However, its histological diagnosis is difficult when tissue samples are obtained with a conventional biopsy forceps. This study aimed to describe the magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (ME-NBI) features of gastric heterotopic pancreas. Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed a database of all patients who underwent endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) at Pusan National University Hospital from January 2010 to December 2010. Thirty-six patients with endosonographically diagnosed heterotopic pancreas who underwent ME-NBI and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) simultaneously were studied. The ME-NBI features of their lesions were analyzed. Results: Thirty lesions were located in the antrum and six in the body. Six lesions (17 %) showed umbilication or central dimpling on the surface, and nine (25 %) had a macroscopic opening on the surface. On ME-NBI, a microscopic opening was identified in 22 (81 %) of 27 lesions wherein a macroscopic opening was not observed during conventional endoscopy. Macroscopic or microscopic opening was observed in 31 lesions (86 %). The frequency of macroscopic or microscopic opening was higher in lesions with anechoic duct-like structures than in lesions without such structures on EUS (91 % [29/32] vs 50 % [2/4], P  = 0.027). Focal loss of microsurface structure and presence of a thickened submucosal vessel were observed in 6 (17 %) and 5 lesions (14 %), respectively. Conclusions : The characteristic ME-NBI feature of heterotopic pancreas is presence of a microscopic opening on its surface. This ME-NBI feature is potentially useful for differentiating heterotopic pancreas from other gastric subepithelial tumors.

17.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 72(6): 286-294, 2018 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30642147

RESUMO

Background/Aims: The predictive factors of functional dyspepsia (FD) remain controversial. Therefore, we sought to investigate symptom responses in FD patients after Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication and used predictive factor analysis to identify significant factors of FD resolution at one-year after commencing eradication therapy. Methods: This prospective, multi-center clinical trial was performed on 65 FD patients that met Rome III criteria and had H. pylori infection. Symptom responses and factors that predicted poor response were determined by analysis one year after commencing H. pylori eradication therapy. Results: A total of 63 patients completed the one-year follow-up. When an eradication success group (n=60) and an eradication failure group (n=3) were compared with respect to FD response rate at one year, results were as follows; complete response 73.3% and 0.0%, satisfactory response 1.7% and 0.0%, partial response 10.0% and 33.3%, and refractory response 15.0% and 66.7%, respectively (p=0.013). Univariate analysis showed persistent H. pylori infection (p=0.021), female gender (p=0.025), and medication for FD during the study period (p=0.013) were associated with poor FD response at one year. However, age, smoking, alcohol consumption, and underlying disease were not found to affect response. Finally, multivariate analysis showed that female gender (OR, 4.70; 95% CI, 1.17-18.88) was the sole independent risk factor of poor FD response at one year after commencing H. pylori eradication therapy. Conclusions: Female gender was found to predict poor response in FD patients despite H. pylori eradication. Furthermore, successful H. pylori eradication appears to be associated with FD improvement, but the number of non-eradicated patients was too small to conclude.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Dispepsia/diagnóstico , Infecções por Helicobacter/diagnóstico , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Dispepsia/complicações , Dispepsia/patologia , Feminino , Gastroscopia , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Falha de Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Korean J Intern Med ; 33(2): 295-303, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27951622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The gastroesophageal junction is an important barrier against gastroesophageal ref lux. Endoscopic grading of gastroesophageal f lap valve is simple, reproducible, and may predict reflux activity. We investigated the correlation between gastroesophageal flap valve grade and the gastroesophageal junction's structural properties using abdominal computed tomography. METHODS: A total of 138 patients with early gastric cancer who underwent both pre-treatment esophagogastroduodenoscopy and water-distended stomach two-phase computed tomography were enrolled. Endoscopic gastroesophageal f lap valve grade and abdominal computed tomography findings were analyzed to assess anatomical factors including the gastroesophageal junction and related organs. RESULTS: The angle of His increased significantly with gastroesophageal flap valve grade (grade I, 65.2˚ ± 19.6˚; grade II, 66.6˚ ± 19.8˚; grade III, 76.7˚ ± 11.9˚; grade IV, 120.0˚ ± 30.3˚; p < 0.001), as did the size of the diaphragmatic hiatus (grade I, 213.0 ± 53.8 mm2 ; grade II, 232.6 ± 71.0 mm2 ; grade III, 292.3 ± 99.2 mm2 ; grade IV, 584.4 ± 268.3; p < 0.001). The length of the abdominal esophagus decreased as gastroesophageal flap valve grade increased (grade I, 34.6 ± 5.8 mm; grade II, 32.0 ± 6.5 mm; grade III, 24.6 ± 7.8 mm; grade IV, -22.6 ± 38.2 mm; p < 0.001). There was no significant relationship between gastroesophageal flap valve grade and visceral and subcutaneous fat areas (p = 0.877 and p = 0.508, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic grading of the gastroesophageal flap valve is well correlated with anatomical changes around the gastroesophageal junction on abdominal computed tomography, and it can provide useful information about the anti-reflux barrier.


Assuntos
Junção Esofagogástrica/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Esofagite Péptica/diagnóstico por imagem , Esofagite Péptica/etiologia , Junção Esofagogástrica/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
19.
Pathol Res Pract ; 214(1): 95-99, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29103763

RESUMO

AIMS: Endoscopic resection is a safe and effective method to treat gastric epithelia dysplasia (GED). However, the development of metachronous and synchronous lesions after treatment has become a major concern. In this study, we investigated clinicopathologic features of 105 GED lesions from endoscopic resections between January 2008 and December 2009. Our goal is to find histologic factors that predict synchronous and metachronous lesions after ESD treatment. We assessed the degree of intestinal metaplasia (IM) and atrophy, type of IM, presence of gastritis cystica profunda, and crypt dysplasia in the adjacent mucosa. METHODS AND RESULTS: We divided 105 GED lesions into three groups: a single group without metachronous or synchronous GED or adenocarcinoma (n=35); a multiple synchronous group (n=30, group with synchronous occurrence of GED or adenocarcinoma after treatment); and a multiple metachronous group (n=40, group with metachronous occurrence of GED or adenocarcinoma after treatment). The multiple metachronous and synchronous groups showed larger sizes (p=0.003) and higher grades (p=0.021) as compared with the single group. Furthermore, marked IM and atrophy in adjacent mucosa were more easily seen in the multiple metachronous and synchronous groups as compared with the single group (p<0.0001). Interestingly, the presence of incomplete type of IM (p=0.025) and crypt dysplasia (p<0.0001) in background mucosa was associated with occurrence of metachronous and synchronous lesions following endoscopic resection of GED. CONCLUSIONS: The histological features of background mucosa, such as intestinal metaplasia, atrophy, and crypt dysplasia could be used as indicators of occurrence of metachronous and synchronous lesions after endoscopic treatment of GED.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Mucosa Gástrica/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Dissecação , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
20.
Gastric Cancer ; 21(1): 133-143, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28397011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data concerning the long-term outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) versus surgery for early gastric cancer (EGC) are limited. We aimed to compare the long-term outcomes of ESD and surgery for patients with EGC. METHODS: Data were reviewed from patients treated by ESD or surgery for EGC in 2005-2010. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). Secondary outcomes were disease-specific survival (DSS), disease-free survival (DFS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), treatment-related complications, and hospital stay duration. RESULTS: Among 617 patients, 342 underwent ESD and 275 underwent surgery. The 5-year OS rates were similar between the ESD group and the surgery group (96.9% vs 98.1%, P = 0.581). In a propensity-score-matched analysis of 117 pairs, there were no significant differences in the OS rates (96.5% vs 99.1%, P = 0.125) and DSS rates (100% vs 99.1%, P = 0.317) between the ESD group and the surgery group. The ESD group had a significantly lower DFS rate (90.3% vs 98.0%, P = 0.002), a significantly lower RFS rate (95.1% vs 98.0%, P = 0.033), a significantly higher early complication rate (6.7% vs 1.5%, P < 0.001), a significantly lower late complication rate (0% vs 9.1%, P < 0.001), and a significantly shorter median hospital stay (3 days vs 10 days, P < 0.001) than the surgery group. CONCLUSIONS: ESD and surgery have comparable OS rates in patients with EGC. ESD has benefits, including a lower late complication rate and shorter hospital stay. However, RFS and DFS rates might be lower after ESD than after surgery.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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