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1.
Forensic Sci Int ; 328: 111005, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607095

RESUMO

Illegal distribution of timber disrupts the timber market and depletes forest resources. DNA markers are used to verify the legal distribution of wood. However, it is difficult to obtain the quantity and quality of DNA suitable for genetic analysis because of the physicochemical properties of wood; therefore, an efficient wood DNA extraction method is required. In this study, to prepare an efficient DNA extraction method from Japanese larch (Larix kaempferi) wood, we investigated the ability of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and proteinase-K to improve DNA extraction efficiency and PCR success rate. It was found that the addition of PVP resulted in a significant increase in the DNA concentration of the treatment group compared to that of the control group, while the purity (A260/A280) showed no difference. Moreover, the addition of proteinase-K significantly increased both the DNA concentration and purity of the treatment group compared to those of the control group. Further analysis showed that the PCR success rate of psbC (approximately 350 bp) was higher than 90% in the control, PVP treatment, and proteinase-K treatment groups. However, in the PCR success rate of rbcL (approximately 1.3 kb) was higher in the proteinase-K and PVP treatment groups than in the control group. The addition of PVP and proteinase-K increased the success rate of PCR amplification for long regions by preventing DNA damage caused by phenolic compounds and proteins in the wood. The results of this study can thus develop DNA extraction methods to identify the species and origin of woods.

2.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5008, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429436

RESUMO

Capabilities for continuous monitoring of pressures and temperatures at critical skin interfaces can help to guide care strategies that minimize the potential for pressure injuries in hospitalized patients or in individuals confined to the bed. This paper introduces a soft, skin-mountable class of sensor system for this purpose. The design includes a pressure-responsive element based on membrane deflection and a battery-free, wireless mode of operation capable of multi-site measurements at strategic locations across the body. Such devices yield continuous, simultaneous readings of pressure and temperature in a sequential readout scheme from a pair of primary antennas mounted under the bedding and connected to a wireless reader and a multiplexer located at the bedside. Experimental evaluation of the sensor and the complete system includes benchtop measurements and numerical simulations of the key features. Clinical trials involving two hemiplegic patients and a tetraplegic patient demonstrate the feasibility, functionality and long-term stability of this technology in operating hospital settings.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Pressão , Temperatura , Tecnologia sem Fio , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica , Pele , Termografia/instrumentação , Termografia/métodos
3.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34216552

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: It is necessary to improve the health of older adults through exercise, but there is no concrete way to implement it or an environment in which they can exercise continuously. Our objective was to confirm the safety and efficacy of information technology (IT) convergence gamification exercise equipment for older adults. We tried to demonstrate equivalence to conventional exercise by comparing the functional improvement. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial, with 8-week-long IT convergence exercises 3 times a week vs conventional exercise. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 40 community-dwelling participants aged 60-85 years. METHOD: Participants were randomly divided into a conventional exercise group (group 1) and an IT convergence exercise group (group 2). Both groups were trained for 8 weeks, and functional assessment was performed before training (pre-evaluation), after training, and after 4 weeks of rest. RESULTS: There were functional improvements in both groups. A comparison of the differences in the functional assessment between pre-evaluation and after 8 weeks of training yielded the following results. In group 1, the mean Five Times Sit to Stand Test-30 seconds was scored as 3.60 ± 2.56 (P < .015); Five Times Sit to Stand Test-5 times, -1.75 ± 2.04 (P < .015); Berg Balance Scale, 1.05 ± 1.39 (P < .015); Timed Up-and-Go test, -0.64 ± 0.64 (P < .015); and 10-m Walking Test, -0.35 ± 0.47 (P < .015). And in group 2, the mean Five Times Sit to Stand Test-30 seconds was scored as 3.70 ± 2.62 (P < .015), Five Times Sit to Stand Test-5 times, -1.65 ± 1.59 (P < .015); Berg Balance Scale, 1.05 ± 1.00 (P < .015); Timed Up-and-Go test, -0.93 ± 0.68 (P < .015); 10-m Walking Test, -0.41 ± 0.489 (P < .015); Chair Sit and Reach test, 2.23 ± 3.19 (P < .015); and Korean version of the Falls Efficacy Scale-International, -1.05 ± 1.43 (P < .015). CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: The results of this study suggest that the IT convergence gamification exercise equipment such as balpro110 has exercise effects similar to conventional exercise and also has advantages as an alternative to exercise for older adults in the next generation.

4.
Dysphagia ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905045

RESUMO

This study aimed to apply various ranges of citric acid levels in the mouth and T-cannula to compare the validity with instrumental aspiration measures in patients with tracheostomy. Sixty-one patients underwent the citric acid cough reflex test (CRT) and videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). Citric acid was delivered via facemask and T-cannula at concentrations of 0.4 mol/L, 0.6 mol/L, and 0.8 mol/L. Further, we recorded the coughing count and presence of ≥ 2 (C2) and ≥ 5 (C5) coughs. CRT via facemask at 0.4 mol/L C2, 0.6 mol/L C5, and 0.8 mol/L C2 and C5 were significantly associated with the presence of tracheal aspiration during VFSS. The sensitivity and specificity were optimized at 0.8 mol/L C2 for mouth inhalation and at 0.8 mol/L C5 for T-cannula inhalation. There was a significant difference in the coughing count during CRT at 0.4 mol/L and 0.8 mol/L via mouth inhalation between patients with or without tracheal aspiration, but not via T-cannula. The AUC for 0.8 mol/L facemask inhalation was 0.701. The optimal cut-off value of coughing count was thrice with 84.62% sensitivity and 50.00% specificity on the ROC curve. Afferent sensory nerve desensitization around and below the tracheostomy site could affect coughing reflex initiation and decrease the sensitivity of detecting aspiration in tracheotomized patients. The citric acid CRT via facemask can reliably detect tracheal aspiration and presence of coughing reflex compared to that via T-cannula in patients with tracheostomy.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(9): e24973, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655965

RESUMO

RATIONALE: An abdominal pseudohernia is a protrusion of the abdominal wall that there is no actual muscular disruption. This report presents a case in which abdominal muscle activities were accurately and quantitatively measured using ultrasonography (US) and surface electromyography in a patient with abdominal pseudohernia. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 62-year-old man presented with a marked protrusion on the left abdomen with increasing abdominal pressure. DIAGNOSES: First, the thickness of the abdominal muscle was measured with US while the patient constantly blew the positive expiratory pressure device. When the force was applied to the abdomen, the mean thickness of the muscle layer on the lesion site was found to be thinner. Second, the activities of the abdominal muscles were measured using surface electromyography by attaching electrodes to 8 channels at the same time. When the same pressure was applied on both sides of the abdomen, more recruitment occurred to compensate for muscle weakness at the lesion site. Through the previous 2 tests, the decrease in muscle activity in the lesion area could be quantitatively evaluated. Third, the denervation of the muscle was confirmed using US-guided needle electromyography. INTERVENTIONS: The patient in this case was wearing an abdominal binder. In addition, he had been training his abdominal muscles through McGill exercise and breathing exercises such as with a positive expiratory pressure device. OUTCOMES: The patient was able to understand his symptoms. A follow-up test will be performed to see if there is any improvement. LESSONS: By using these outstanding assessment methods, proper diagnosis and rehabilitation treatment strategies can be developed.


Assuntos
Músculos Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Eletromiografia/métodos , Fraturas por Compressão/complicações , Hérnia Abdominal/diagnóstico , Vértebras Lombares/lesões , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Vértebras Torácicas/lesões , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Músculos Abdominais/fisiopatologia , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico , Hérnia Abdominal/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(13): e25349, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787636

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) is a noninvasive radiographic procedure that examines the oral, pharyngeal, and cervical esophageal stages of swallowing. Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is difficult to diagnose depending on its size and location. However, how VFSS can be of benefit in the diagnosis of TEF has not been reported yet. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old man who had been tracheostomized post spinal tumor resection surgery at the cervical level 1 to 2, had his tracheostomy tube removed approximately 25 years ago. After decannulation, he reported coughing while swallowing food, foreign sensation in the neck and repeated bouts of pneumonia ever since. DIAGNOSIS: VFSS revealed, for the first time, acquired TEF after tracheostomy decannulation as the cause of repetitive aspiration pneumonia. INTERVENTION: VFSS was performed in this case. OUTCOMES: In the background of suspected TEF based on VFSS results, the patient underwent a computed tomography scan of the chest and airway in the prone position, followed by bronchoscopy, which confirmed the existence of a TEF. He then underwent primary closure of the fistula. The patient had an uneventful recovery and is currently symptom-free 10 months after the surgery. LESSONS: This case alerts clinicians to the possibility of TEF as a diagnosis when the aspirate leaks from the upper esophagus and through the posterior wall of trachea in the esophageal phase of VFSS.


Assuntos
Deglutição/fisiologia , Fístula Traqueoesofágica/diagnóstico , Traqueostomia/efeitos adversos , Broncoscopia , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Esôfago/diagnóstico por imagem , Esôfago/fisiologia , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Traqueia/diagnóstico por imagem , Traqueia/fisiologia , Fístula Traqueoesofágica/etiologia , Fístula Traqueoesofágica/fisiopatologia
7.
Korean Circ J ; 49(11): 1066-1111, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646772

RESUMO

Though clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are an effective and widely used treatment method worldwide, they are as yet not widely accepted in Korea. Given that cardiovascular (CV) disease is the second leading cause of death in Korea, it is urgent that CR programs be developed. In 2008, the Government of Korea implemented CR programs at 11 university hospitals as part of its Regional Cardio-Cerebrovascular Center Project, and 3 additional medical facilities will be added in 2019. In addition, owing to the promotion of CR nationwide and the introduction of CR insurance benefits, 40 medical institutions nationwide have begun CR programs even as a growing number of medical institutions are preparing to offer CR. The purpose of this research was to develop evidence-based CPGs to support CR implementation in Korea. This study is based on an analysis of CPGs elsewhere in the world, an extensive literature search, a systematic analysis of multiple randomized control trials, and a CPG management, development, and assessment committee comprised of thirty-three authors-primarily rehabilitation specialists, cardiologists, and thoracic surgeons in 21 university hospitals and 2 general hospitals. Twelve consultants, primarily rehabilitation, sports medicine, and preventive medicine specialists, CPG experts, nurses, physical therapists, clinical nutritionists, and library and information experts participated in the research and development of these CPGs. After the draft guidelines were developed, 3 rounds of public hearings were held with staff members from relevant academic societies and stakeholders, after which the guidelines were further reviewed and modified. CR involves a more cost-effective use of healthcare resources relative to that of general treatments, and the exercise component of CR lowers CV mortality and readmission rates, regardless of the type of coronary heart disease and type and setting of CR. Individualized CR programs should be considered together with various factors, including differences in heart function and lifestyle, and doing so will boost participation and adherence with the CR program, ultimately meeting the final goals of the program, namely reducing the recurrence of myocardial infarction and mortality rates.

8.
Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 52(4): 248-285, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31404368

RESUMO

Background: Though clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are an effective and widely used treatment method worldwide, they are as yet not widely accepted in Korea. Given that cardiovascular disease is the second leading cause of death in Korea, it is urgent that CR programs be developed. In 2008, the Government of Korea implemented CR programs at 11 university hospitals as part of its Regional Cardio-Cerebrovascular Center Project, and 3 additional medical facilities will be added in 2019. In addition, owing to the promotion of CR nationwide and the introduction of CR insurance benefits, 40 medical institutions nationwide have begun CR programs even as a growing number of medical institutions are preparing to offer CR. The purpose of this research was to develop evidence-based CPGs to support CR implementation in Korea. Methods: This study is based on an analysis of CPGs elsewhere in the world, an extensive literature search, a systematic analysis of multiple randomized control trials, and a CPG management, development, and assessment committee comprised of 33 authors-primarily rehabilitation specialists, cardiologists, and thoracic surgeons in 21 university hospitals and 2 general hospitals. Twelve consultants, primarily rehabilitation, sports medicine, and preventive medicine specialists, CPG experts, nurses, physical therapists, clinical nutritionists, and library and information experts participated in the research and development of these CPGs. After the draft guidelines were developed, 3 rounds of public hearings were held with staff members from relevant academic societies and stakeholders, after which the guidelines were further reviewed and modified. Results: CR involves a more cost-effective use of healthcare resources relative to that of general treatments, and the exercise component of CR lowers cardiovascular mortality and readmission rates, regardless of the type of coronary heart disease and type and setting of CR. Conclusion: Individualized CR programs should be considered together with various factors, including differences in heart function and lifestyle, and doing so will boost participation and adherence with the CR program, ultimately meeting the final goals of the program, namely reducing the recurrence of myocardial infarction and mortality rates.

9.
Ann Rehabil Med ; 43(3): 355-443, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311260

RESUMO

Objective: Though clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are an effective and widely used treatment method worldwide, they are as yet not widely accepted in Korea. Given that cardiovascular disease is the second leading cause of death in Korea, it is urgent that CR programs be developed. In 2008, the Government of Korea implemented CR programs at 11 university hospitals as part of its Regional Cardio-Cerebrovascular Center Project, and three additional medical facilities will be added in 2019. In addition, owing to the promotion of CR nationwide and the introduction of CR insurance benefits, 40 medical institutions nationwide have begun CR programs even as a growing number of medical institutions are preparing to offer CR. The purpose of this research was to develop evidence-based CPGs to support CR implementation in Korea. Methods: This study is based on an analysis of CPGs elsewhere in the world, an extensive literature search, a systematic analysis of multiple randomized control trials, and a CPG management, development, and assessment committee comprised of 33 authors-primarily rehabilitation specialists, cardiologists, and thoracic surgeons in 21 university hospitals and two general hospitals. Twelve consultants, primarily rehabilitation, sports medicine, and preventive medicine specialists, CPG experts, nurses, physical therapists, clinical nutritionists, and library and information experts participated in the research and development of these CPGs. After the draft guidelines were developed, three rounds of public hearings were held with staff members from relevant academic societies and stakeholders, after which the guidelines were further reviewed and modified. Principal Conclusions: CR involves a more cost-effective use of healthcare resources relative to that of general treatments, and the exercise component of CR lowers cardiovascular mortality and readmission rates, regardless of the type of coronary heart disease and type and setting of CR. Individualized CR programs should be considered together with various factors, including differences in heart function and lifestyle, and doing so will boost participation and adherence with the CR program, ultimately meeting the final goals of the program, namely reducing the recurrence of myocardial infarction and mortality rates.

10.
Neuro Endocrinol Lett ; 39(3): 189-195, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30431744

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In the subjects with high cervical spinal cord injury (SCI), The difference of respiratory muscle strength and pulmonary function according to supine and sitting position were investigated whether there are changes in the tendency. METHODS: Twenty-three subjects with high cervical SCI and 23 subjects with low cervical and thoracic SCI were evaluated. The reference neurological level of injury for dividing the groups was fifth cervical vertebrae (C5). SCI severity was classified as motor-complete SCI. The supine and sitting forced vital capacity (FVC), percent of the predicted FVC (FVC%), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), MEP / MIP ratio, and peak cough flow (PCF) were compared. RESULTS: The significantly higher FVC, FVC% in the low cervical and thoracic SCI group was identified in the supine position than the sitting position. The same tendency was observed in the high cervical SCI group. In the comparison of respiratory muscle strength, higher values of supine MEP and MIP were found only in the high cervical SCI group. PCF is more positively correlated with MIP than with MEP in all groups. CONCLUSION: We found that the supine position is more advantageous for the strong breathing and larger lung capacity in patients with high cervical SCI. The positive correlation between PCF and MIP in the patients with high cervical SCI was also confirmed. These results may be used to establish a pulmonary rehabilitation strategy for patients with high cervical SCI.


Assuntos
Força Muscular/fisiologia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Postura Sentada , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Decúbito Dorsal , Adulto , Vértebras Cervicais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pressões Respiratórias Máximas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Postura , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Vértebras Torácicas , Capacidade Vital
11.
Am J Case Rep ; 19: 1272-1278, 2018 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30361471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome characterized by muscle necrosis and secretion of intracellular muscle components into the blood circulation. Acute compartment syndrome is a potential complication of severe rhabdomyolysis. CASE REPORT We report 3 cases of compartment syndrome-related peripheral neuropathy in alcoholic individuals with rhabdomyolysis. All patients were confirmed to have peripheral neuropathy by electrophysiologic studies. CONCLUSIONS Patients with underlying metabolic abnormalities, such as those related to long-term alcoholism, should be aware that rhabdomyolysis is likely to cause neurological abnormalities.


Assuntos
Síndromes Compartimentais/etiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/etiologia , Rabdomiólise/complicações , Adulto , Síndromes Compartimentais/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/diagnóstico
12.
J Clin Med ; 7(7)2018 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29976889

RESUMO

We explored whether a mechanically-assisted squat exercise improved muscle mass, muscle function, and pulmonary function in elderly women with or without sarcopenia. In total, 76 community-dwelling elderly subjects (>60 years of age) were screened. We ultimately included 30 subjects who completed more than 80% of the six-week course of mechanically-assisted squat exercises (three days per week, 30 min per day). We measured body composition, lung function, knee extensor strength, hand grip strength, and the 3-min walk distance (3MWD) before and after the exercise program. Subjects with sarcopenia had poor hand grip strength and knee extensor strength, and a slow walking speed. Their lung function parameters, including forced vital capacity (FVC), was lower than those of the controls. After six weeks of squat exercises, the hand grip strength, knee extensor strength, and 3MWD increased significantly in both groups. Appendicular skeletal muscle mass and leg lean mass were increased in subjects without sarcopenia. The FVC (L) increased significantly only in the sarcopenia group (p = 0.019). The mechanically-assisted squat exercise program increased muscle function and lung function, including FVC, in patients with sarcopenia. Muscle mass increased in subjects without sarcopenia.

13.
Ann Rehabil Med ; 42(2): 346-351, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29765889

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the amount of weight-bearing during tilt table increments, with a review of neutral and unilateral knee flexion postures. Methods: There were 17 healthy participants enrolled in this study. The subjects were tilted from 10° to 90°, and their body weight was measured at each 10° increment. In the first test, both plantar pressures, with the subjects in neutral posture, were recorded. During the second and third tests, the angle of inclination was thus recorded and increased, with the subjects in unilateral knee flexion posture; flexion was maintained at 25° by attaching a cylindrical support to the tilt table at the level of the popliteal fossa. Results: The study was divided into two types of postures: neutral and unilateral knee flexion. The percentage of body weight (%BW) between each leg during neutral posture was noted as not being statistically significant. The %BW of one side during tilt table inclination was significantly different between the two postures at 10° to 80° (p<0.05). The weight during unilateral knee flexion posture was lower as analyzed, regardless of tilt table inclination compared with that in neutral posture. We note that fifty percent of the ratio of %BW was noted at 33.12° and 38.76° in neutral and flexion postures, respectively. Conclusion: The unilateral knee flexion could induce the effect of decreased body weight compared with non-flexion side. The results of this study will help in setting a safe and quantitative percentage of weight-bearing on the lower extremity during tilt training.

14.
Ann Rehabil Med ; 42(2): 368-371, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29765893

RESUMO

Tracheomalacia is characterized by weakness of the tracheal walls and supporting cartilage. It results in dynamic compression of the airway, where the cross-sectional area of the trachea is reduced by expiratory compression. Acquired tracheomalacia results from complications associated with the use of endotracheal or tracheostomy tubes. In this report, we present three cases of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) successfully treated for tracheomalacia, including one case where the patient underwent surgery for combined tracheoesophageal fistula. We discuss the appropriate management strategies for tracheomalacia in patients with ALS. Through these case reports, we note the results of ALS patients who will have tracheostomy, and who are therefore at risk of sustaining a long term high cuff pressure, this study provides an evaluation for tracheomalacia and therapeutic management which should be considered for improving patient care outcomes.

15.
PLoS One ; 13(4): e0196315, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29689113

RESUMO

The ability to determine the origin of soybeans is an important issue following the inclusion of this information in the labeling of agricultural food products becoming mandatory in South Korea in 2017. This study was carried out to construct a prediction model for discriminating Chinese and Korean soybeans using Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and multivariate statistical analysis. The optimal prediction models for discriminating soybean samples were obtained by selecting appropriate scaling methods, normalization methods, variable influence on projection (VIP) cutoff values, and wave-number regions. The factors for constructing the optimal partial-least-squares regression (PLSR) prediction model were using second derivatives, vector normalization, unit variance scaling, and the 4000-400 cm-1 region (excluding water vapor and carbon dioxide). The PLSR model for discriminating Chinese and Korean soybean samples had the best predictability when a VIP cutoff value was not applied. When Chinese soybean samples were identified, a PLSR model that has the lowest root-mean-square error of the prediction value was obtained using a VIP cutoff value of 1.5. The optimal PLSR prediction model for discriminating Korean soybean samples was also obtained using a VIP cutoff value of 1.5. This is the first study that has combined FT-IR spectroscopy with normalization methods, VIP cutoff values, and selected wave-number regions for discriminating Chinese and Korean soybeans.


Assuntos
Especiação Genética , Soja/química , Soja/classificação , China , Evolução Molecular , Análise de Fourier , Análise Multivariada , República da Coreia , Soja/genética , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
16.
PLoS One ; 12(10): e0186664, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29049369

RESUMO

Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer is a herb used for medicinal purposes, and its discrimination according to cultivation age has been an important and practical issue. This study employed Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy with multivariate statistical analysis to obtain a prediction model for discriminating cultivation ages (5 and 6 years) and three different parts (rhizome, tap root, and lateral root) of P. ginseng. The optimal partial-least-squares regression (PLSR) models for discriminating ginseng samples were determined by selecting normalization methods, number of partial-least-squares (PLS) components, and variable influence on projection (VIP) cutoff values. The best prediction model for discriminating 5- and 6-year-old ginseng was developed using tap root, vector normalization applied after the second differentiation, one PLS component, and a VIP cutoff of 1.0 (based on the lowest root-mean-square error of prediction value). In addition, for discriminating among the three parts of P. ginseng, optimized PLSR models were established using data sets obtained from vector normalization, two PLS components, and VIP cutoff values of 1.5 (for 5-year-old ginseng) and 1.3 (for 6-year-old ginseng). To our knowledge, this is the first study to provide a novel strategy for rapidly discriminating the cultivation ages and parts of P. ginseng using FT-IR by selected normalization methods, number of PLS components, and VIP cutoff values.


Assuntos
Panax/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos , Análise Multivariada
17.
Biomol Ther (Seoul) ; 25(6): 559-568, 2017 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28605829

RESUMO

Metabolomics has been used as a powerful tool for the analysis and quality assessment of the natural product (NP)-derived medicines. It is increasingly being used in the quality control and standardization of NP-derived medicines because they are composed of hundreds of natural compounds. The most common techniques that are used in metabolomics consist of NMR, GC-MS, and LC-MS in combination with multivariate statistical analyses including principal components analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). Currently, the quality control of the NP-derived medicines is usually conducted using HPLC and is specified by one or two indicators. To create a superior quality control framework and avoid adulterated drugs, it is necessary to be able to determine and establish standards based on multiple ingredients using metabolic profiling and fingerprinting. Therefore, the application of various analytical tools in the quality control of NP-derived medicines forms the major part of this review. Veregen® (Medigene AG, Planegg/Martinsried, Germany), which is the first botanical prescription drug approved by US Food and Drug Administration, is reviewed as an example that will hopefully provide future directions and perspectives on metabolomics technologies available for the quality control of NP-derived medicines.

18.
Ann Rehabil Med ; 38(5): 585-91, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25379487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the low frequency (1 Hz) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) with high frequency (20 Hz) rTMS on motor functional improvement of the affected upper extremity in subacute stroke patients. METHODS: Forty patients with subacute ischemic stroke participated in this study. The first group received 10 sessions of 20 Hz rTMS at ipsilesional M1 area and the other group received 10 sessions of 1 Hz rTMS at contralesional M1 area. Motor training of the hemiparetic hand was conducted after each rTMS train. All the patients received conventional occupational therapy immediately after each rTMS session. Manual function test (MFT), Fugl-Meyer Assessment scale (FMS), Modified Barthel Index (MBI), Brunnstrom recovery stage, and grip strength were used to assess motor function before, at the end of, and one month after the last session of rTMS. RESULTS: No adverse side effects were reported during the course of the experiment using rTMS. No significant difference in motor function of the affected upper extremity was observed between the two groups before rTMS. Significant improvements in MFT, FMS, MBI, and Brunnstrom stage were observed in the both groups at the end of the last rTMS session and one month later (p<0.05). No significant difference was found between the two groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: There was no significant difference in motor function of the affected upper extremity between 1 Hz and 20 Hz rTMS during the subacute period of ischemic stroke. Thus, we cannot conclude which has a greater effect.

19.
Ann Rehabil Med ; 38(4): 554-8, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25229035

RESUMO

The dilated cardiomyopathy is the common type of cardiomyopathy, and its distinctive characteristic is the systolic dysfunction. Not many reports were issued about the efficacy of cardiac rehabilitation in patients with an advanced dilated cardiomyopathy until yet. A 50-year-old man who was diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy with congestive heart failure was admitted to the emergency room after a sudden collapse and a ventricular fibrillation was presented in the actual electrocardiogram. After three months, the patient participated in an 8-week cardiac rehabilitation program with electrocardiogram monitoring for 50 minutes per session at five times per week. The maximal oxygen consumption improved from 13.5 to 19.4 mL/kg/min during this time. At 3.9 metabolic equivalents, the myocardial oxygen demand decreased from 21,710 to 12,669 mmHg.bpm and the Borg's scale of perceived exertion decreased from 15 to 9. The left ventricular ejection fraction improved from 14% to 19%. So in this case report will be presented a patient after a successful cardiac rehabilitation program. Before this the patient suffered from a much more advanced dilated cardiomyopathy and was resuscitated from cardiac arrest.

20.
Ann Rehabil Med ; 38(2): 256-62, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24855621

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the rate of progression of de novo lesion between the cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and control groups. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study. Patients who received drug-eluting stent (DES) due to acute coronary syndrome were included as subjects. The CR group received eight weeks of early CR program, and sustained a self-exercise program in the homes. The control group was instructed to exercise independently. Nine months after the first insertion of DES, we implemented follow-up coronary angiography, and compared the rate of progression of de novo lesion by quantitative angiographic measurement between the two groups. RESULTS: A total of 81 patients were recruited as subjects to CR group (n=32) or control group (n=49). At nine months, late luminal loss was 0.04±0.23 mm in the CR group and 0.00±0.31 mm in the control group (p=0.54, observed power=0.10). Late loss was -0.90%±9.53% in the CR group and 0.80%±11.15% in the control group (p=0.58, observed power=0.05). No target lesion revascularization procedures were needed in the CR group, while two in the control group (p=0.25). In the CR group, mean VO2max was significantly improved from 24.36±5.00 to 27.68±5.24 mL/kg/min (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: We could not observe a statistically significant difference in the progression rate of de novo lesion between the CR and control groups. Thus the current amount of nine months exercise-based CR program does not seem to have a distinct impact on the retardation of de novo coronary lesion in patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention with DES.

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