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1.
Sci Rep ; 5: 10078, 2015 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25993265

RESUMO

In this work, we study the performances of ring resonators of different type by analyzing the bending loss and the condition of the critical coupling. We propose that the bending loss of microring can be reduced by wrapping a concentrically curved waveguide. The difference of propagation constant between two concentrically curved waveguides can be tuned by adjusting the bus waveguide width to optimize the critical coupling. Furthermore, we propose to enlarge the difference of the propagation constant between two concentrically curved waveguides to maintain the circulating light in the ring to obtain higher quality factor. In this study, the highest quality factor that we measured is 7 × 10(5).

2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 11(9): 8953-65, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22164115

RESUMO

Recent developments in aptamers have led to their widespread use in analytical and diagnostic applications, particularly for biosensing. Previous studies have combined aptamers as ligands with various sensors for numerous applications. However, merging the aptamer developments with guided mode resonance (GMR) devices has not been attempted. This study reports an aptasensor based home built GMR device. The 29-mer thrombin aptamer was immobilized on the surface of a GMR device as a recognizing ligand for thrombin detection. The sensitivity reported in this first trial study is 0.04 nm/µM for thrombin detection in the concentration range from 0.25 to 1 µM and the limit of detection (LOD) is 0.19 µM. Furthermore, the binding affinity constant (Ka) measured is in the range of 10(6) M(-1). The investigation has demonstrated that such a GMR aptasensor has the required sensitivity for the real time, label-free, in situ detection of thrombin and provides kinetic information related to the binding.


Assuntos
Trombina/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Cinética , Limite de Detecção
3.
Opt Express ; 19(12): 11890-6, 2011 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21716422

RESUMO

The attenuator for the wavelength at 1550 nm is fabricated by using the capillary effect to infiltrate liquid crystal (LC) E7 into hollow waveguides (HWGs) on silicon substrate with SiO2 cladding layer. The length of the waveguide is 0.4 cm. The device can be operated with relatively low driving voltage below 5 V(pp) with the distance between two electrodes to be 9 µm. The light attenuation of the device can be over 30 dB. The performance of the device is independent of the polarization states of the input light.

4.
Appl Opt ; 50(2): 227-30, 2011 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21221149

RESUMO

In this paper, we describe a theoretical and experimental study of a wavelength-selective filter derived from hollow optical waveguides composed of Bragg reflectors with defect layers on a silicon substrate. The defect states of the transmission filter at wavelengths of 1519 and 1571 nm were realized using one-dimensional photonic crystals (1D PCs) formed from a-Si and SiO(2). The transmission spectra of the filter waveguides and the band structure of the defect 1D PCs were calculated using the two-dimensional finite-difference time-domain and transfer matrix methods, respectively. The device exhibited the narrow bandwidths of 0.5 and 1.1 nm for wavelengths of 1571 and 1519 nm, respectively.

5.
Opt Express ; 18(25): 25608-14, 2010 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21164906

RESUMO

In this paper, the polarization dependent optical properties of InGaN/GaN multi-quantum wells (MQWs) LED with cascading plasmonic gratings are investigated using an angle-resolved photoluminescence (ARPL) spectrometer. The plasmonic gratings consist of two Ag gratings with a half-pitch displacement. The ARPL spectra of the TE-TM state present a broadband emission with resonance dips occasioned by the SP resonance while the TM-TE state presents resonance peaks with low sideband emission. The resonance properties can be tuned by modifying the geometric parameters of the plasmonic grating. The ARPL spectrum of the LED sample with pure GaN 1D grating is also measured and discussed. The investigated plasmonics LED represents resonance optical properties different from the conventional surface relief LED, which can be used in special applications.


Assuntos
Iluminação/instrumentação , Refratometria/instrumentação , Semicondutores , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento/instrumentação
6.
Opt Lett ; 35(24): 4199-201, 2010 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21165136

RESUMO

In this Letter, we present a method of reducing the spectral width of guided-mode resonance (GMR) in air-bridged resonant grating-waveguide structures to enhance the Q factor. The posttreatment of adding a dielectric film to the bottom of the membrane to manipulate the resonance behavior is practicable. The introduced underlayer is shown to be capable of effectively reducing the coupling and enhancing the resonant Q factor. The proposed method provides an effective means of adjusting the resonance property without varying the original GMR structure. The results also imply that TM resonance is more feasible for achieving narrow resonance and potentially in sensing applications, because it has higher sensitivity than TE resonance.

7.
Opt Lett ; 32(12): 1614-6, 2007 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17572723

RESUMO

A guided-mode resonance (GMR) filter with wide angular tolerances is experimentally demonstrated as an authentication label illuminated with unpolarized white light. The proposed filter, based on a free-standing silicon nitride membrane suspended on a silicon substrate, is fabricated by using anisotropic wet etching to remove the substrate beneath the silicon nitride layer. Both grating and waveguide structures without a lower cladding layer, i.e., a substrate, are fabricated simultaneously on a silicon nitride membrane. Since the silicon nitride is transparent within the spectra of visible and infrared light, such suspended-membrane-type GMR filters are well suited for applications within the visible spectrum. Moreover, the high refractive index of silicon nitride allows the proposed filters to have strongly modulated gratings and an immunity to high angular deviation. The measured reflection resonance has an angular tolerance up to +/-5 degrees under normal incidence for the wavelength of 629.5 nm.

8.
Appl Opt ; 42(22): 4423-6, 2003 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12916604

RESUMO

A micropolarizer is fabricated on a birefringent crystal, calcite, by anisotropic wet etching. This device consists of a v-groove grating on calcite, covered by an index-matching material. The grating is fabricated by acid wet etching. When its acid concentration and stirring speed are altered, the etching mechanism can be controlled within the surface-reaction regime. This results in anisotropic etching, which produces a v-groove grating on a calcite surface. This v-groove grating can be fabricated to have a period as small as 2 microm. To the best of our knowledge, this type of v-groove calcite grating is reported for the first time. Although the transmission efficiency of this device is wavelength dependent, a broadband micropolarizer can be made by gluing together two devices with periods of 12 and 16 microm.

9.
Opt Lett ; 28(14): 1260-2, 2003 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12885040

RESUMO

A silicon nitride (SiNx) membrane diffractive optical element (DOE) designed to exhibit beam-splitting and focusing behavior at visible wavelengths has been fabricated and tested. Since the fabrication process is based on silicon micromachining technology, the DOE is easily integrated with a laser diode chip and a photodiode chip on a silicon substrate to function as the hologram-laser-photodiode unit for use in the pickup head of a CD or DVD system. The SiNx film is deposited with low-pressure chemical-vapor deposition and the free-standing membrane is formed by KOH etching. The transmissive DOE showed a high diffraction efficiency (>20% for a binary-phase-level element). The experimental evaluation was in good agreement with the designed and modeled predictions.

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