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1.
Foods ; 9(11)2020 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33266446

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to amplify vitamin D2 in white button mushrooms using ultraviolet (UV-B) irradiation and to prepare a vitamin D2-fortified superfine mushroom powder through jet milling. Mushrooms irradiated with UV-B for 30 min had a vitamin D2 concentration of 8.19 µg/g, an amount about 400 times greater than that of the control (0.02 µg/g). The vitamin D2-fortified mushrooms were then freeze-dried and conventionally ground or jet-milled to obtain coarse (Dv50 = 231 µm), fine (Dv50 = 106.3 µm), and superfine (Dv50 = 7.1 µm) powders. The vitamin D2 content was retained during the preparation of the powders. The physical characteristics were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy and hydration properties. The superfine powder of vitamin D2-amplified mushrooms was suitable for use as a functional ingredient because its roughness was significantly reduced, and it had a neutral aroma and taste as determined by descriptive analysis.

2.
Foods ; 9(11)2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207640

RESUMO

The effects of a consecutive process of pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment, sous-vide cooking, and reheating on the properties of beef semitendinosus muscle were investigated. Fresh meats were PEF-treated with different electric field strengths of 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 kV/cm, and then the control and PEF-pretreated beef samples were sous-vide cooked at 60 °C for up to 24 h. The PEF pretreatment resulted in tenderization of the fresh meat proportional to the increase in the electric field strength. A significant decrease in cutting force (by 35%) was observed after PEF treatment at 2.0 kV/cm. The hardness and chewiness of the meat were also significantly reduced by PEF treatment. After sous-vide cooking, the PEF-pretreated samples exhibited a significantly reduced cutting force, redness value (a*), and myoglobin content (mg/g) (p < 0.05). However, there were no significant differences in cooking loss and drip loss (p > 0.05). When the sous-vide-cooked meats were reheated in an oven (230 °C, 5 min), the reduced cutting force induced by the PEF pretreatment was retained.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917640

RESUMO

This study investigated the antifungal effect of ultraviolet-C (UV-C) against Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus on roasted coffee beans. Also, any changes in the quality of the roasted coffee beans were measured after UV-C irradiation. As UV-C irradiation time increased (0-2 h), the number of surviving A. flavus and A. parasiticus spores significantly (P < .05) decreased. The reduction values of A. flavus in round part, crack part, and whole roasted coffee beans were 2.16, 0.71, and 1.58 log10 CFU g-1, respectively, and the reduction values of A. parasiticus in round part, crack part, and whole roasted coffee beans were 1.03, 0.37, and 0.72 log10 CFU g-1, respectively, after 2 h of UV-C irradiation. Field emission scanning electron microscopy showed that the morphology of A. flavus and A. parasiticus spores included expanded wrinkles that were deformed by UV-C irradiation. The Hunter colours were significantly reduced (P < .05). There was no significant change (P > .05) in moisture content, but the pH was significantly decreased (P < .05). Most of the sensory parameters did not change, but there was a significant difference (P < .05) in flavour. Based on this study, 2 h of UV-C irradiation was effective in reducing 90% of A. flavus, but it was not effective against A. parasiticus present on roasted coffee beans. Also, Hunter colour, pH, and sensory parameters (flavour) were changed by UV-C irradiation.


Assuntos
Aspergillus flavus/efeitos da radiação , Aspergillus/efeitos da radiação , Café , Irradiação de Alimentos , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Micotoxinas/análise , Manipulação de Alimentos , Sementes , Raios Ultravioleta
4.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(10): 4043-4050, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919948

RESUMO

Ni,N-doped carbon catalysts have shown promising catalytic performance for CO2 electroreduction (CO2 R) to CO; this activity has often been attributed to the presence of nitrogen-coordinated, single Ni atom active sites. However, experimentally confirming Ni-N bonding and correlating CO2 reduction (CO2 R) activity to these species has remained a fundamental challenge. We synthesized polyacrylonitrile-derived Ni,N-doped carbon electrocatalysts (Ni-PACN) with a range of pyrolysis temperatures and Ni loadings and correlated their electrochemical activity with extensive physiochemical characterization to rigorously address the origin of activity in these materials. We found that the CO2 R to CO partial current density increased with increased Ni content before plateauing at 2 wt % which suggests a dispersed Ni active site. These dispersed active sites were investigated by hard and soft X-ray spectroscopy, which revealed that pyrrolic nitrogen ligands selectively bind Ni atoms in a distorted square-planar geometry that strongly resembles the active sites of molecular metal-porphyrin catalysts.

5.
Biofouling ; 36(10): 1243-1255, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33401969

RESUMO

The purpose of this research was to characterize Listeria monocytogenes from several environmental and clinical sources and assess the efficacy of single and combined physico-chemical treatments in reducing biofilm on lettuce leaves. PCR analysis of L. monocytogenes isolates collected from different clinical (10 strains) and environmental sources (12 strains) was used to look for the presence of one Listeria-specific gene and five virulence genes. Biofilms of L. monocytogenes were developed on lettuce leaves over 24 h. A 5-min ultrasound and a 300-ppm sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) wash resulted in similar reductions in cell numbers of 0.82 log CFU cm-2. For chlorine dioxide (ClO2) at 60 ppm, the cell numbers were reduced by ∼5.45 log CFU cm-2. A combined treatment of 5 min of ultrasound plus 300 ppm NaOCl or 40 ppm ClO2, provided maximal efficacy, reducing the number of L. monocytogenes on the lettuce surface to non-detectable levels. Therefore, ClO2 has the potential to replace NaOCl for the disinfection of food products in the food industry.

6.
Foods ; 8(12)2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775330

RESUMO

The use of defatted soybean flour (DSF) in food as a source of dietary fiber has been limited due to its rough texture and bitter taste. Our previous work indicates that superfine DSF prepared by jet milling could overcome these problems, as it positively affected physical and sensory properties. Therefore, differently sized DSFs were incorporated in tofu, and their impacts on physical and sensory properties were investigated in this study. Coarse DSF (Dv50 = 341.0 µm), fine DSF (Dv50 = 105.3 µm), and superfine DSF (Dv50 = 5.1 µm) were prepared by conventional sifting and jet milling. Tofu was made with a 5% addition of differently sized DSFs and without DSF (control tofu). The quality of tofu was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy, color measurement, texture profile analysis, and quantitative descriptive analysis. The tofu made with coarse and fine DSF showed negative changes in its physical and organoleptic qualities, such as reduced yields, a less pure color, a harder texture, and a rougher mouthfeel. However, the tofu made with superfine DSF showed only minimal changes in its qualities compared to the control. Therefore, superfine DSF is a promising fiber supplement that does not change the physical and sensory properties in the making of high-quality tofu.

7.
Nanoscale ; 11(42): 19980-19993, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603160

RESUMO

Despite the lysosomal "proton sponge hypothesis" being considered to be an additional factor for stimulating the cellular toxicity of nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems, a clear relationship between the massive influx of calcium ions and the proton sponge effect, both of which are associated with cancer cell apoptosis, has still not been elucidated. Cetrimonium bromide (CTAB: cationic quaternary amino group based) gold nanorods possessed a more effective electric surface charge for inducing the lysosomal proton sponge effect than anionic gold nanoparticles. In this aspect, identifying released cytoplasmic Cl-, arising from the ruptured lysosomal compartment, in the cytoplasm is critical for supporting the "proton sponge hypothesis". This study clarified that the burst release of Cl-, as a result of lysosomal swelling by CTAB gold nanorods, stimulates the transient receptor potential channels melastatin 2 (TRPM2) channels, and subsequently induces a massive Ca2+ influx, which independently increases apoptosis of cancer cells. Although the previous concept of elevated cancer apoptosis acting through the proton sponge effect is unclear, this study supports the evidence that a massive Ca2+ influx mediated in response to a burst release of Cl- significantly influenced cytotoxicity of cancer cells in tumor tissues.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ouro , Lisossomos , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanotubos/química , Proteínas de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Experimentais , Canais de Cátion TRPM , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cetrimônio/química , Cetrimônio/farmacologia , Feminino , Ouro/química , Ouro/farmacologia , Humanos , Lisossomos/genética , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Lisossomos/patologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/genética , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Canais de Cátion TRPM/genética , Canais de Cátion TRPM/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
8.
Food Sci Biotechnol ; 27(5): 1531-1539, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30319865

RESUMO

The antibacterial efficacy of UV-TiO2 photocatalysis pre-washing in a water-assisted system (UVT, 4.5 mW/cm2, 5-15 min) and high hydrostatic pressure (HHP, 300-500 MPa, 1 min at 25 °C) post-package combined treatment was evaluated against Salmonella Typhimurium inoculated onto whole cherry tomato surfaces and compared with chlorine disinfection (200 ppm). An air pump was fitted at the bottom of UVT reactor to create turbulent flow for rotation of fruits for uniform disinfection. UVT-HHP combined treatment at 500 MPa achieved bacterial reduction of more than 5 log via a synergistic effect, compared with chlorine disinfection. Lycopene and total phenolic contents and antioxidant activities were not significantly changed in tomatoes after any treatment. UVT-HHP combined treatment did not affect the surface color but caused softness in tomatoes. UVT pre-washing followed by HHP post-package treatment can be the effective intervention strategy alternative to conventional chlorine disinfection for production of ready-to-eat (RTE) fresh cherry tomatoes.

9.
Food Microbiol ; 76: 526-532, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30166184

RESUMO

Surface disinfection of fresh blueberries is an important food safety challenge due to the delicate texture and short shelf life of these small fruits. A newly designed water-assisted photocatalytic reactor was developed for disinfection of fruits with a delicate texture and complex surface characteristics. Efficacy of UV-TiO2 photocatalysis was evaluated in comparison with UV alone for inactivation of Escherichia coli K12 (as a surrogate for Escherichia coli O157:H7) inoculated onto the surface of the blueberry skin, calyx, and an experimentally prepared agar matrix that was used as a model matrix. Influence of surface characteristics such as surface hydrophobicity and surface free energy on bacterial adhesion were also investigated. The initial bacterial population on all surfaces was approximately 7.0 log CFU/g. UV-TiO2 photocatalysis (4.5 mW/cm2) for 30 s achieved comparatively higher bacterial reductions of 5.3 log and 4.6 log CFU/g on blueberry skin and agar matrix surfaces, respectively, than 4.5 log and 3.4 log CFU/g reductions for UV alone (6.0 mW/cm2). Total phenolic and total anthocyanin contents of fruits were significantly increased after both UV-TiO2 and UV treatments, compared with water washed control fruits. UV-TiO2 photocatalysis technology is a non-chemical and residue-free method with reduced water usage for surface disinfection of fresh blueberries.


Assuntos
Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)/microbiologia , Escherichia coli K12/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli K12/efeitos da radiação , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Titânio/farmacologia , Ágar/química , Aderência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Aderência Bacteriana/efeitos da radiação , Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)/química , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Escherichia coli K12/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Conservação de Alimentos/instrumentação , Frutas/química , Frutas/microbiologia , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos da radiação , Raios Ultravioleta
10.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 5(5): 1700860, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29876212

RESUMO

Lung cancer is a highly malignant tumor, and targeted delivery of anti-cancer drugs to deep lung tumor tissue remains a challenge in drug design. Here, it is demonstrated that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells armed with nanodrugs are highly targeted and mutually destructive with malignant lung cancer cells and successfully eradicate lung tumors tissues. Using this approach, the current clinical dose of anti-cancer drugs for the treatment of malignant lung tumors can be decreased by more than 100-fold without triggering immunotoxicity.

11.
ChemSusChem ; 11(2): 406-414, 2018 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29106027

RESUMO

Nano-engineered hierarchical core-shell nickel cobaltite chestnut-like structures were successfully synthesized as a bifunctionally active electrocatalyst for rechargeable metal-air battery applications. Both the morphology and composition of the catalyst were optimized by a facile hydrothermal reaction, resulting in a 10 h reacted sample demonstrating significantly enhanced activity toward both the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in 0.1 m KOH. Specifically, the catalyst demonstrated -0.28 and 0.60 V versus SCE (saturated calomel electrode) at the ORR half-wave potential and an OER current density of 10 mA cm-2 , respectively. The resulting ORR/OER potential difference of 0.90 V was the smallest compared to the catalysts synthesized using 2, 6, and 12 h of hydrothermal reaction time. The excellent bifunctional activity of the catalyst is attributed to the nanoscale porous morphology and the spinel nickel cobaltite composition, which improved the active site exposure and transport of reactants and charges during the oxygen reactions.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Metais/química , Minerais/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Níquel/química , Catálise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Eletrodos , Temperatura Alta , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Porosidade , Análise Espectral Raman , Difração de Raios X
12.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 263: 61-66, 2017 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29031105

RESUMO

The efficacy of microwave-combined cold plasma treatment (MCPT) for inactivating Bacillus cereus spores contaminating red pepper (Capsicum annum L.) flakes was investigated. The effects of red pepper drying method, particle size, and water activity (aw) were also evaluated at two levels of microwave power (1700 and 2500W/cm2). The inactivation effect of MCPT was higher at higher microwave power. Spore reduction was more effective with vacuum-dried red pepper than far-infrared-dried flakes. A significantly higher level of spore reduction was observed with the red pepper sample with a smaller surface to volume ratio when one surface (exterior surface) was inoculated (p<0.05). Spore reduction by MCPT at high microwave power increased from 1.7 to 2.6logspores/cm2 when the aw of flake increased from 0.4 to 0.9 (p<0.05). MCPT did not change the color of red pepper flakes. MCPT demonstrated potential as a microbial decontaminating technology for red pepper flakes.


Assuntos
Bacillus cereus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Capsicum/microbiologia , Descontaminação/métodos , Gases em Plasma/farmacologia , Esporos Bacterianos/efeitos dos fármacos , Esporos Bacterianos/efeitos da radiação , Bacillus cereus/efeitos dos fármacos , Bacillus cereus/efeitos da radiação , Micro-Ondas , Esporos Bacterianos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
13.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 6454, 2017 07 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28743942

RESUMO

Drugs need to be designed to access the designated intracellular organelle compartments in order to maximize anticancer efficacy. This study identified that covalently conjugated, non-covalent polyethylene glycol coated and encapsulated nanodrugs selectively influence drug uptake, the intracellular and extracellular trafficking of cancer cells. The types of nano conjugation modulated intracellular dynamics associated with differential impact on anti-cancer efficacy, but also induced differential cytotoxicity on cancer versus normal cells. In conclusion, this study demonstrated the importance of selecting the appropriate type of nano-conjugation for delivering organelle specific, active chemotherapeutic agents through controlled intracellular trafficking.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Transporte Biológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/química , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacologia , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Exocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Exossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/metabolismo , Polietilenoglicóis/química
14.
Korean J Physiol Pharmacol ; 21(3): 327-334, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28461775

RESUMO

Epidemiologic interest in particulate matter (PM) is growing particularly because of its impact of respiratory health. It has been elucidated that PM evoked inflammatory signal in pulmonary epithelia. However, it has not been established Ca2+ signaling mechanisms involved in acute PM-derived signaling in pulmonary fibroblasts. In the present study, we explored dust particles PM modulated intracellular Ca2+ signaling and sought to provide a therapeutic strategy by antagonizing PM-induced intracellular Ca2+ signaling in human lung fibroblasts MRC5 cells. We demonstrated that PM10, less than 10 µm, induced intracellular Ca2+ signaling, which was mediated by extracellular Ca2+. The PM10-mediated intracellular Ca2+ signaling was attenuated by antioxidants, phospholipase blockers, polyADPR polymerase 1 inhibitor, and transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) inhibitors. In addition, PM-mediated increases in reactive oxygen species were attenuated by TRPM2 blockers, clotrimazole (CLZ) and N-(p-amylcinnamoyl) anthranilic acid (ACA). Our results showed that PM10 enhanced reactive oxygen species signal by measuring DCF fluorescence and the DCF signal attenuated by both TRPM2 blockers CLZ and ACA. Here, we suggest functional inhibition of TRPM2 channels as a potential therapeutic strategy for modulation of dust particle-mediated signaling and oxidative stress accompanying lung diseases.

15.
ChemSusChem ; 10(10): 2258-2266, 2017 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28371457

RESUMO

The present work introduces spinel oxide nanocrystals self-assembled into mesoporous spheres that are bifunctionally active towards catalyzing both the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). The electrochemical evaluation reveals that (Ni,Co)3 O4 demonstrates a significantly positive-shifted ORR onset and half-wave potentials [-0.127 and -0.292 V vs. saturated calomel electrode (SCE), respectively], whereas Co3 O4 results in a negative-shifted OER potential (0.65 V vs. SCE) measured at 10 mA cm-2 . Based on the DFT analysis, the potential at which all oxygen intermediate reactions proceed spontaneously is the highest for (Ni,Co)3 O4 (U=0.66 eV) during ORR, whereas it is the lowest for Co3 O4 (U=2.09 eV) during OER. The high ORR activity of (Ni,Co)3 O4 is attributed to the enhanced electrical conductivity of the spinel lattice, and the high OER activity of Co3 O4 is attributed to relatively weak adsorption energy promoting rapid release of evolved oxygen.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Catálise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Eletrodos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Oxirredução , Difração de Raios X
16.
Korean J Food Sci Anim Resour ; 37(6): 840-846, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29725205

RESUMO

We investigated the physicochemical and sensorial properties of hamburger patties made with three different defatted soybean flour (DSF) preparations which differed in particle size. Coarse (Dv50=259.3±0.6 µm), fine (Dv50=91.5±0.5 µm), and superfine (Dv50=3.7±0.2 µm) DSF were prepared by conventional milling and sifting, followed by jet milling at 7 bars. Hamburger patties containing 5% of each DSF were prepared for a property analysis. The hamburger patties made with 5% superfine DSF showed the lowest cooking loss among the treatment groups (p<0.05). The patties with superfine DSF also retained the texture profile values of the control patties in terms of hardness, gumminess, springiness, and chewiness, while the addition of coarse and fine DSF increased the hardness and chewiness significantly (p<0.05). The sensorial results of quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) indicate that the patties containing superfine DSF were softer and tenderer than the controls (p<0.05). Although the overall acceptability of the patties made with coarse and fine DSF was poor, the overall acceptability of the superfine DSF patty was the same as that of the control patty. These results suggest that superfine DSF is an excellent food material that can supply dietary fiber, while maintaining the physical characteristics and texture of hamburger patty.

17.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 238: 256-264, 2016 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27705845

RESUMO

Human norovirus (HuNoV) is the primary cause of viral gastroenteritis worldwide. Fresh blueberries are among high risk foods associated with norovirus related outbreaks. Therefore, it is important to assess intervention strategies to reduce the risk of foodborne illness. The disinfection efficiency of decontamination methods is difficult to evaluate for fruits and vegetables due to an inconsistent degree of contamination and irregular surface characteristics. The inactivation efficiency and mechanism of murine norovirus 1 (MNV-1, a surrogate for HuNoV) was studied on an experimentally prepared solidified agar matrix (SAM) to simulate blueberries using different wavelengths (A, B, C) of UV light both with and without TiO2 photocatalysis (TP). MNV-1 was inoculated on exterior and interior of SAM and inactivation efficiencies of different treatments were investigated using a number of assays. Initial inoculum levels of MNV-1 on the SAM surface and interior were 5.2logPFU/mL. UVC with TiO2 (UVC-TP) achieved the highest level of viral reduction for both externally inoculated and internalized MNV-1. Externally inoculated MNV-1 was reduced to non-detectable levels after UVC-TP treatment for 5min while there was still a 0.9 log viral titer after UVC alone. For internalized MNV-1, 3.2 log and 2.7 log reductions were obtained with UVC-TP and UVC alone treatments for 10min, respectively. The Weibull model was applied to describe the inactivation behavior of MNV-1, and the model showed a good fit to the data. An excellent correlation between the steady-state concentration of OH radicals ([OH]ss) and viral inactivation was quantified using a para-chlorobenzoic acid (pCBA) probe compound, suggesting that OH radicals produced in the UV-TP reaction were the major species for MNV-1 inactivation. Transmission electron microscopy images showed that the structure of viral particles was completely disrupted with UVC-TP and UVC alone. SDS-PAGE analysis showed that the major capsid protein VP1 was degraded after UVC-TP and UVC alone. Real-time RT-qPCR analysis showed that UVC-TP and UVC alone caused a reduction in the level of viral genomic RNA. Propidium monoazide (PMA) pretreatment RT-qPCR analysis showed that UVC-TP caused damage to the viral capsid protein in addition to viral genomic RNA. UVC both with and without TiO2 was more effective for MNV-1 inactivation than UVB and UVA. Thus, UVC-TP disinfection aimed to reduce levels of food-borne viruses can inactivate viruses present on the surface and internalized in the interior of blueberries.


Assuntos
Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)/virologia , Desinfecção/métodos , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Frutas/virologia , Norovirus/efeitos da radiação , Raios Ultravioleta , Inativação de Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos , Inativação de Vírus/efeitos da radiação , Ágar , Animais , Azidas , Proteínas do Capsídeo/metabolismo , Clorobenzoatos/química , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/virologia , Gastroenterite/prevenção & controle , Gastroenterite/virologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Norovirus/fisiologia , Propídio/análogos & derivados , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Titânio/química
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 8(38): 25297-305, 2016 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27603692

RESUMO

Highly oriented rGO sponge (HOG) can be easily synthesized as an effective anode for application in high-capacity lithium ion hybrid capacitors. X-ray diffraction and morphological analyses show that successfully exfoliated rGO sponge on average consists of 4.2 graphene sheets, maintaining its three-dimensional structure with highly oriented morphology even after the thermal reduction procedure. Lithium-ion hybrid capacitors (LIC) are fabricated in this study based on a unique cell configuration which completely eliminates the predoping process of lithium ions. The full-cell LIC consisting of AC/HOG-Li configuration has resulted in remarkably high energy densities of 231.7 and 131.9 Wh kg(-1) obtained at 57 W kg(-1) and 2.8 kW kg(-1). This excellent performance is attributed to the lithium ion diffusivity related to the intercalation reaction of AC/HOG-Li which is 3.6 times higher that of AC/CG-Li. This unique cell design and configuration of LIC presented in this study using HOG as an effective anode is an unprecedented example of performance enhancement and improved energy density of LIC through successful increase in cell operation voltage window.

19.
Adv Mater ; 28(30): 6420, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27493071

RESUMO

On page 6421, Z. Chen and co-workers describe an electrically rechargeable, nanoarchitectured air electrode that morphologically emulates a human-hair array for solid-state zinc-air batteries. Grown directly on a stainless-steel mesh, the hair-like array can effectively catalyze molecular oxygen to water. Batteries equipped with this electrode show tangible benefits, including improved flexibility and performance.


Assuntos
Ar , Biomimética , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Cabelo/anatomia & histologia , Zinco/química , Catálise , Eletrodos , Humanos , Oxigênio/química , Aço Inoxidável , Água/química
20.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2016: 3745961, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27143817

RESUMO

Exposure to bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) induces inflammatory signals in salivary glands. We investigated the regulatory role of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor rolipram on inflammatory mediators and cholinergic/adrenergic stimulation-induced intracellular Ca(2+) signaling in salivary acinar and ductal cells. Submandibular gland (SMG) expressed PDE4A through 4D mRNA and PDE4 was localized in the luminal membrane of SMG. LPS induced Ca(2+) signaling and ROS production in SMG. Treatment with rolipram blocked LPS-induced Ca(2+) increase and ROS production. The application of histamine evoked Ca(2+) signals and ROS production, which were attenuated by rolipram in SMG cells. Moreover, LPS-induced NLRP3 inflammasome and cleaved caspase-1 were inhibited by rolipram. The inhibitory role of rolipram in ROS-induced Ca(2+) signaling was mainly observed in acinar cells and not in ductal cells. Rolipram also protected SMG acinar but not ductal cells from LPS-induced cell membrane damage. In the case of cholinergic/adrenergic stimulation, carbachol/isoproterenol-induced Ca(2+) signals were upregulated by the treatment of rolipram in SMG. In the case of cAMP-dependent ductal bicarbonate secretion by rolipram, no effect was observed on the modulation of ductal chloride/bicarbonate exchange activity. Rolipram could suppress the inflammatory signals and could be a potential therapeutic strategy against LPS-induced inflammation to protect the salivary gland cells.


Assuntos
Inflamação/metabolismo , Rolipram/farmacologia , Glândula Submandibular/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândula Submandibular/metabolismo , Animais , Sinalização do Cálcio/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Histamina/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
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