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Exp Neurol ; 295: 36-45, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28511841


The two neuronal populations in the cortex, pyramidal neurons and interneurons, can be separated based on neurotransmitter identity, however, within this segregation a large degree of diversity exists. Investigations into the molecular diversity of neurons are impeded by the inability to isolate cell populations born at different times for gene expression analysis. Developing interneurons may be distinguished by the expression of Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase-67 (GAD67). Neuronal birthdating using nucleoside analogs is an effective means of identifying coetaneous interneurons. Using these two features, neurotransmitter identity and birthdating, we have developed a method to isolate migrating interneurons using fluorescent-activated cell sorting (FACS) for RNA extraction and gene expression analysis. We utilized 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) to birthdate interneuron cohorts and the GAD67 knock-in GFP transgenic mice to identify interneurons. In combination, we achieved simultaneous detection of GFP and EdU signals during FACS sorting of coetaneous interneurons with minimum loss of RNA integrity. RNA quality was deemed to be satisfactory by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) for the interneuron-specific transcript Gad67.

Separação Celular/métodos , Córtex Cerebral/citologia , Expressão Gênica , Técnicas Genéticas , Interneurônios , Animais , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Glutamato Descarboxilase/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Células Piramidais , RNA/biossíntese , RNA/genética
Cereb Cortex ; 24(11): 2835-47, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23749873


Malformations of cortical development can arise when projection neurons generated in the germinal zones fail to migrate properly into the cortical plate. This process is critically dependent on the Reelin glycoprotein, which when absent leads to an inversion of cortical layers and blurring of borders. Reelin has other functions including supporting neuron migration and maintaining their trajectories; however, the precise role on glial fiber-dependent or -independent migration of neurons remains controversial. In this study, we wish to test the hypothesis that migrating cortical neurons at different levels of the cortical wall have differential responses to Reelin. We exposed neurons migrating across the cortical wall to exogenous Reelin and monitored their migratory behavior using time-lapse imaging. Our results show that, in the germinal zones, exogenous Reelin retarded neuron migration and altered their trajectories. This behavior is in contrast to the response of neurons located in the intermediate zone (IZ), possibly because Reelin receptors are not expressed in this zone. In the reeler cortex, Reelin receptors are expressed in the IZ and exposure to exogenous Reelin was able to rescue the migratory defect. These studies demonstrate that migrating neurons have nonequivalent responses to Reelin depending on their location within the cortical wall.

Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/farmacologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Cerebral/citologia , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/farmacologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/farmacologia , Serina Endopeptidases/farmacologia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/deficiência , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Fatores Etários , Fosfatase Alcalina/genética , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Análise de Variância , Animais , Linhagem Celular Transformada , Movimento Celular/genética , Eletroporação , Embrião de Mamíferos , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Técnicas In Vitro , Camundongos , Camundongos Mutantes Neurológicos , Microscopia Confocal , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/fisiologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Órgãos , Transfecção