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1.
Dermatol Surg ; 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33625139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) poses treatment challenges. Invasive and noninvasive treatment modalities exist with variable success reported. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is emerging as an adjuvant diagnostic tool. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the treatment of EMPD patients and the role of RCM. METHODS: Prospective study. Demographic and tumor characteristics were recorded. Handheld-RCM was performed and correlated with histology. Treatment, clearance, pathology, and follow-up were all recorded. RESULTS: Thirty-six EMPD lesions in 33 patients were included. Mean age was 71.7 years, and 23 were men. Mean number of surgical stages needed to clear margins was 1.9 (SD, 0.9; 1.0-3.0 stages), and mean margin needed to clear was 1.8 cm. Reflectance confocal microscopy correlated well with scouting punch biopsies (kappa, 0.93; p < .001). Disruption of the dermoepidermal junction was associated with invasive EMPD versus in situ (83.3% vs 25.9%) on histology (p = .01). LIMITATIONS: Relatively small sample size. CONCLUSION: Extramammary Paget disease is challenging, and lesion demarcation is of the utmost importance. Using a staged surgical excision approach, the mean margins needed were 1.8 cm, less than previously reported. Nonsurgical modalities, including radiation therapy, imiquimod, or photodynamic therapy can be considered if surgery is not pursued. Reflectance confocal microscopy is a valuable noninvasive imaging modality for the management of EMPD.

2.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515277

RESUMO

Patient expectations of the scar after Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) are often not realistic, leading to subsequent psychosocial sequelae such as anxiety, depression, and avoidance of social situations. When patient expectations are not met, this may also contribute to a decrease in patient satisfaction after surgery. Therefore, altering expectation levels may change patient satisfaction and psychosocial distress levels after surgery. To assess whether patient satisfaction improves in patients after MMS when patients view the surgical defect prior to reconstruction. Patients undergoing facial MMS between December 2017 and September 2019 were included. Patients received or did not receive a mirror after MMS to view the surgical defect before closing the defect. Patients were asked to complete the Dutch FACE-Q Skin Cancer before, one-week, three-months, and one-year after MMS. A total of 113 patients where included. One-hundred-eight (95.6%), 113 (100%), and 93 (82.3%) questionnaires were completed, one-week, three-months, and one-year follow-up, respectively. Satisfaction with facial appearance and appraisal of scars significantly improved over time for all patients, no such improvement was seen for appearance-related distress. Female patients who looked in the mirror had higher satisfaction with facial appearance than female patients who did not look in the mirror. Also, lower appearance-related distress scores were seen in patients who looked in the mirror prior to a flap reconstruction. Showing the defect in the mirror prior to the reconstruction may result in higher patient satisfaction in female patients and patients before undergoing a flap reconstruction.

8.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886149

RESUMO

Squamous cell carcinoma in situ (SCCIS) of the nail unit is a complex malignancy; with little understanding of rate of upstaging or occult invasion in these patients. We sought to evaluate the rate of upstaging in nail unit SCCIS after Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS). Retrospective review of 346 patients who referred for and underwent MMS for biopsy proven SCCIS on the hands and feet between January 1, 2000 and December 30, 2019. Only cases in the nail unit were included. Clinical, surgical details, histopathological features, HPV status, and rate of upstaging were recorded. Thirty-one cases met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed. Twenty-four patients were males (77.4%). The mean age was 55 years (SD 17.26, range 27-84). The mean clinical size was 9.9 mm; 19 cases tested for HPV, 15/19 were positive (78.9%), and 8/19 (42.1%) were associated with high-risk HPV. Three patients (9.7%) were upstaged to invasive on either MMS margins or tumor debulking. Limitations included a relatively small sample size and retrospective in nature. The rate of upstaging of SCCIS in the nail unit is not frequent, and when upstaging occurred it was focal, superficial, and with no PNI or bone invasion.

10.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(3)2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609441

RESUMO

The expanding role of social media in medical care has resulted in dermatology patients seeking support online regarding personal experience with diagnosis and treatment of skin cancer. Owing to increased privacy settings in closed Facebook groups, the current study analyzed themes of keratinocyte carcinoma patients' posts within a relatively private social media network. Although the majority of messages included sharing personal experience and provided psychosocial support (50%), there were a significant number of posts offering medical advice (35%), with the majority of such replies being unsupported by evidence-based medicine (87%). The level of medical misinformation and potential harm to patients seeking advice online is important for medical practitioners treating skin cancer and provides impetus for possible further research into online support and education groups that are moderated for misinformation.


Assuntos
Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Grupos de Autoajuda , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Mídias Sociais , Comunicação , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Apoio Social
11.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 83(2): 463-468, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Functional status assessment may help estimate which patients ≥85 years of age will benefit from surgical treatment for keratinocyte carcinoma (KC), but predictive value for short-term survival in this population has not been determined. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the predictive value of functional status for short-term survival in patients ≥85 years of age who have KC. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort review of 238 patients ≥85 years of age who presented for the management of KC between 2010 and 2015. Functional status was assessed with the Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) and Katz Activities of Daily Living (ADL) index. Overall survival was determined. RESULTS: Lower functional status scores of KPS ≤40 and Katz ADL ≤4 were associated with 37% and 53% survival at 2 years, respectively. LIMITATIONS: Retrospective design and single-center study. CONCLUSION: In this study, KPS and Katz ADL predicted short-term survival. Patients with low functional status scores had significantly decreased survival at 2 years, with double the death rate of patients with high functional status. Functional status should be considered during shared decision-making for elderly individuals who are seeking treatment for KC.

12.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020324

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recently, a combined reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM)-optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been tested for the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Evaluating the role of RCM-OCT in management of complex BCCs has not been studied. The objective of the study was to investigate the utility of a new combined RCM-OCT device in the evaluation and management of complex BCCs in a descriptive study. METHODS: Prospective study of consecutive cases (July 2018-June 2019) of biopsy-proven 'complex' BCC defined as BCC in the head-and-neck area with multiple high-risk criteria such as large size in the mask area, multiple recurrences, and high-risk subtype. All cases were evaluated with a combined RCM-OCT device that provided simultaneous image viewing on a screen. Lesions were evaluated bedside with RCM-OCT according to previously described criteria. RESULTS: Ten patients with complex head-and-neck BCCs had mean age of 73.1 ± 13.0 years. Six (60%) patients were males. Mean BCC clinical size was 1.9 ± 1.2 cm (range 0.6-4.0 cm). RCM detected residual BCC in 8 out of 10 cases (80%) and OCT detected residual BCC in all 10 cases (100%). Six BCCs (60%) had a depth estimate of > 1000 µm under OCT. In five cases, (50%) RCM-OCT imaging results led to a change/modification in BCC management. CONCLUSION: The use of a combined RCM-OCT device may help in the evaluation of complex head-and-neck BCCs by guiding treatment selection and defining the extent of surgery.

13.
JAMA Dermatol ; 156(3): 326-333, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939999

RESUMO

Importance: Although various treatments have been found in clinical trials to be effective in treating actinic keratosis (AK), researchers often report different outcomes. Heterogeneous outcome reporting precludes the comparison of results across studies and impedes the synthesis of treatment effectiveness in systematic reviews. Objective: To establish an international core outcome set for all clinical studies on AK treatment using systematic literature review and a Delphi consensus process. Evidence Review: Survey study with a formal consensus process. The keywords actinic keratosis and treatment were searched in PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library to identify English-language studies investigating AK treatments published between January 1, 1980, and July 13, 2015. Physician and patient stakeholders were nominated to participate in Delphi surveys by the Measurement of Priority Outcome Variables in Dermatologic Surgery Steering Committee members. All participants from the first round were invited to participate in the second round. Outcomes reported in randomized controlled clinical trials on AK treatment were rated via web-based e-Delphi consensus surveys. Stakeholders were asked to assess the relative importance of each outcome in 2 Delphi survey rounds. Outcomes were provisionally included, pending the final consensus conference, if at least 70% of patient or physician stakeholders rated the outcome as critically important in 1 or both Delphi rounds and the outcome received a mean score of 7.5 from either stakeholder group. Data analysis was performed from November 5, 2018, to February 27, 2019. Findings: A total of 516 outcomes were identified by reviewing the literature and surveying key stakeholder groups. After deduplication and combination of similar outcomes, 137 of the 516 outcomes were included in the Delphi surveys. Twenty-one physicians and 12 patients participated in round 1 of the eDelphi survey, with 17 physicians (81%) retained and 12 patients (100%) retained in round 2. Of the 137 candidate outcomes, 9 met a priori Delphi consensus criteria, and 6 were included in the final outcomes set after a consensus meeting: complete clearance of AKs, percentage of AKs cleared, severity of adverse events, patient perspective on effectiveness, patient-reported future treatment preference, and recurrence rate. It was recommended that treatment response be assessed at 2 to 4 months and recurrence at 6 to 12 months, with the AK rate of progression to cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma reported whenever long-term follow-up was possible. Conclusions and Relevance: Consensus was reached regarding a core outcome set for AK trials. Further research may help determine the specific outcome measures used to assess each of these outcomes.


Assuntos
Ceratose Actínica/terapia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/etiologia , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Ceratose Actínica/complicações , Ceratose Actínica/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
14.
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol ; 49(6): 737-751, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30657721

RESUMO

An emerging trend in youth psychotherapy is measurement-based care (MBC): treatment guided by frequent measurement of client response, with ongoing feedback to the treating clinician. MBC is especially needed for treatment that addresses internalizing and externalizing problems, which are common among treatment-seeking youths. A very brief measure is needed, for frequent administration, generating both youth- and caregiver-reports, meeting psychometric standards, and available at no cost. We developed such a measure to monitor youth response during psychotherapy for internalizing and externalizing problems. Across 4 studies, we used ethnically diverse, clinically relevant samples of caregivers and youths ages 7-15 to develop and test the Behavior and Feelings Survey (BFS). In Study 1, candidate items identified by outpatient youths and their caregivers were examined via an MTurk survey, with item response theory methods used to eliminate misfitting items. Studies 2-4 used separate clinical samples of youths and their caregivers to finalize the 12-item BFS (6 internalizing and 6 externalizing items), examine its psychometric properties, and assess its performance in monitoring progress during psychotherapy. The BFS showed robust factor structure, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent and discriminant validity in relation to three well-established symptom measures, and slopes of change indicating efficacy in monitoring treatment progress during therapy. The BFS is a brief, free youth- and caregiver-report measure of internalizing and externalizing problems, with psychometric evidence supporting its use for MBC in clinical and research contexts.

16.
Dermatol Surg ; 46(4): 514-518, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative concerns after Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) are not well characterized. OBJECTIVE: To better define patient concerns and contributing characteristics in the immediate postoperative period after MMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A standardized telephone encounter template was implemented to better assess patient concerns in the 24-hour postoperative period. A review was then performed of patients undergoing MMS from October 2016 to July 2017 to assess for the most common patient concerns and association with clinical characteristics. RESULTS: We included 307 patients. Overall, 60.6% of patients reported a concern. Fifty-four percent of patients reported pain. Most pain was characterized as "a little" (67.7%). On univariate analysis, flap repairs, location on the upper extremities, and swelling were associated with higher mean postoperative pain. Tumor type was not associated with increased pain. On multivariate analyses, patients with larger defects and associated edema were statistically significantly associated with higher degrees of pain. CONCLUSION: Over half of patients experience postoperative concerns after MMS, most commonly pain. The immediate postoperative period may be an optimal time to identify patient concerns allowing for reassurance or early intervention when necessary.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente/métodos , Cirurgia de Mohs/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente/normas , Assistência ao Convalescente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/normas , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Telefone
20.
Lancet Oncol ; 20(12): e699-e714, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797796

RESUMO

Sebaceous carcinoma usually occurs in adults older than 60 years, on the eyelid, head and neck, and trunk. In this Review, we present clinical care recommendations for sebaceous carcinoma, which were developed as a result of an expert panel evaluation of the findings of a systematic review. Key conclusions were drawn and recommendations made for diagnosis, first-line treatment, radiotherapy, and post-treatment care. For diagnosis, we concluded that deep biopsy is often required; furthermore, differential diagnoses that mimic the condition can be excluded with special histological stains. For treatment, the recommended first-line therapy is surgical removal, followed by margin assessment of the peripheral and deep tissue edges; conjunctival mapping biopsies can facilitate surgical planning. Radiotherapy can be considered for cases with nerve or lymph node involvement, and as the primary treatment in patients who are ineligible for surgery. Post-treatment clinical examination should occur every 6 months for at least 3 years. No specific systemic therapies for advanced disease can be recommended, but targeted therapies and immunotherapies are being developed.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Sebáceo/terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Neoplasias das Glândulas Sebáceas/terapia , Humanos , Prognóstico
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