Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 696
Filtrar
1.
Mol Cells ; 44(11): 784-794, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764231

RESUMO

Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a mesenchymal malignancy with a complex karyotype. Despite accumulated evidence, the factors contributing to the development of LMS are unclear. Here, we investigated the role of tight-junction protein 1 (TJP1), a membrane-associated intercellular barrier protein during the development of LMS and the tumor microenvironment. We orthotopically transplanted SK-LMS-1 cells and their derivatives in terms of TJP1 expression by intramuscular injection, such as SK-LMS-1 Sh-Control cells and SK-LMS-1 Sh-TJP1. We observed robust tumor growth in mice transplanted with LMS cell lines expressing TJP1 while no tumor mass was found in mice transplanted with SK-LMS-1 Sh-TJP1 cells with silenced TJP1 expression. Tissues from mice were stained and further analyzed to clarify the effects of TJP1 expression on tumor development and the tumor microenvironment. To identify the TJP1-dependent factors important in the development of LMS, genes with altered expression were selected in SK-LMS-1 cells such as cyclinD1, CSF1 and so on. The top 10% of highly expressed genes in LMS tissues were obtained from public databases. Further analysis revealed two clusters related to cell proliferation and the tumor microenvironment. Furthermore, integrated analyses of the gene expression networks revealed correlations among TJP1, CSF1 and CTLA4 at the mRNA level, suggesting a possible role for TJP1 in the immune environment. Taken together, these results imply that TJP1 contributes to the development of sarcoma by proliferation through modulating cell-cell aggregation and communication through cytokines in the tumor microenvironment and might be a beneficial therapeutic target.

2.
Mar Drugs ; 19(11)2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822489

RESUMO

Four new chlorinated meroterpenoids, merochlorins G-J (1-4), and 10, a dihydronaphthalenedione precursor, along with known merochlorins A (5) and C-F (6-9), were obtained from cultivation of the bacterium strain Streptomyces sp. CNH-189, which was isolated from marine sediment. The planar structures of compounds 1-4 and 10 were elucidated by interpretation of MS, UV, and NMR spectroscopic data. The relative configurations of compounds 1-4 were determined via analysis of nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) spectroscopic data, after which their absolute configurations were established by comparing the experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra of compounds 1-4 to those of previously reported possible enantiomer models and DP4 calculations. Compound 3 displayed strong antibacterial activities against Bacillus subtilis, Kocuria rhizophila, and Staphylococcus aureus, with MIC values of 1, 2, and 2 µg/mL, respectively, whereas compound 1 exhibited weak antibacterial effects on these three strains, with a 16-32 µg/mL MIC value range.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781637

RESUMO

Background: An increased pericoronary fat attenuation index (FAI) on computed tomography angiography (CTA) is associated with increased all-cause and cardiac mortality in the general population. However, the ability of pericoronary FAI to predict long-term outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is unknown. Methods: In this single-center retrospective longitudinal cohort study, we assessed the utility of CTA-based pericoronary FAI measurement to predict mortality of CKD patients, including those with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Mapping and analysis of pericoronary FAI involved three major proximal coronary arteries. The prognostic value of pericoronary FAI for long-term mortality was assessed with multivariable Cox regression models. Results: Among 268 CKD participants who underwent coronary CTA, 209 participants with left anterior descending artery (LAD) FAI measurements were included. The pericoronary FAI measured at the LAD was not significantly associated with adjusted risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 2.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.94-3.51) in any CKD group. However, ESRD patients with elevated pericoronary FAI values had a greater adjusted risk of all-cause mortality compared with the low-FAI group (HR, 2.26; 95% CI, 1.11-4.61). Conclusion: The pericoronary FAI measured at the LAD predicted long-term mortality in patients with ESRD, which could provide an opportunity for early primary intervention in ESRD patients.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826571

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although cartilage degeneration and invasion of the subchondral bone plate in entheseal lesion has been considered to consequently lead bony ankylosis in ankylosing spondylitis (AS), no evident mechanisms are known. DESIGN: To identify histopathological and physiological changes in enthesitis-related ankylosis in AS, we performed molecular characterization of transcription factors and surface markers, and transcriptome analysis with human tissues. Entheseal tissue containing subchondral bone was obtained from the facet joints of 9 patients with AS and 10 disease controls, and assessed by using differential staining techniques. Enthesis cells were isolated, characterized, stimulated with TNF and/or IL-17A, and analysed by cell-based experimental tools. RESULTS: We found diffusely distributed granular tissue and cartilage in the subchondral bone in AS. Co-expression of SOX9, a specific transcription factor in cartilage, and matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13) was found in the granular tissues within the subchondral bone from AS patients. Intriguingly, SOX9 expression was significantly higher in AS enthesis cells than controls and correlated with TNFR1 and IL-17RA expressions, which is important for high reactivity to TNF and IL-17A cytokines. Co-stimulation by TNF and IL-17A resulted in accelerated mineralization/calcification features, and increased OCN expression in AS enthesis cells. Furthermore, SOX9 overexpression in enthesis leads to promoting mineralization feature by TNF and IL-17A stimuli. Finally, OCN expression is elevated in the destructive enthesis of advanced AS. CONCLUSION: These findings provide insight into the links between inflammation and the mineralization of entheseal tissue as the initiation of spinal ankylosis, emphasizing the importance of SOX9+ enthesis cells.

5.
Exp Mol Med ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819616

RESUMO

Sox2 is a core transcription factor in embryonic stem cells (ESCs), and O-GlcNAcylation is a type of post-translational modification of nuclear-cytoplasmic proteins. Although both factors play important roles in the maintenance and differentiation of ESCs and the serine 248 (S248) and threonine 258 (T258) residues of Sox2 are modified by O-GlcNAcylation, the function of Sox2 O-GlcNAcylation is unclear. Here, we show that O-GlcNAcylation of Sox2 at T258 regulates mouse ESC self-renewal and early cell fate. ESCs in which wild-type Sox2 was replaced with the Sox2 T258A mutant exhibited reduced self-renewal, whereas ESCs with the Sox2 S248A point mutation did not. ESCs with the Sox2 T258A mutation heterologously introduced using the CRISPR/Cas9 system, designated E14-Sox2TA/WT, also exhibited reduced self-renewal. RNA sequencing analysis under self-renewal conditions showed that upregulated expression of early differentiation genes, rather than a downregulated expression of self-renewal genes, was responsible for the reduced self-renewal of E14-Sox2TA/WT cells. There was a significant decrease in ectodermal tissue and a marked increase in cartilage tissue in E14-Sox2TA/WT-derived teratomas compared with normal E14 ESC-derived teratomas. RNA sequencing of teratomas revealed that genes related to brain development had generally downregulated expression in the E14-Sox2TA/WT-derived teratomas. Our findings using the Sox2 T258A mutant suggest that Sox2 T258 O-GlcNAc has a positive effect on ESC self-renewal and plays an important role in the proper development of ectodermal lineage cells. Overall, our study directly links O-GlcNAcylation and early cell fate decisions.

6.
Diabetes Care ; 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of incident dementia according to fasting glucose levels and presence of comorbidities. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a health insurance claims database and the results of biennial health examinations in South Korea, we selected 8,400,950 subjects aged ≥40 years who underwent health examinations in 2009-2010. We followed them until 2016. Subjects' baseline characteristics were categorized by presence of diabetes (yes/no) and glycemic status as normoglycemia, impaired fasting glucose (IFG), new-onset diabetes, or known diabetes (duration <5 years or ≥5 years). We estimated adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) for dementia occurrence in each category. RESULTS: During the observation period of 48,323,729 person-years, all-cause dementia developed in 353,392 subjects (4.2%). Compared with normoglycemia, aHRs (95% CI) were 1.01 (1.01-1.02) in IFG, 1.45 (1.44-1.47) in new-onset diabetes, 1.32 (1.30-1.33) in known diabetes <5 years, and 1.62 (1.60-1.64) in known diabetes ≥5 years. We found that associations between ischemic heart disease and chronic kidney disease with incident dementia were affected by the presence of diabetes. Ischemic stroke showed a greater association with incident dementia than diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: Mild degrees of hyperglycemia and presence of comorbidities were associated with incident dementia. Intervention during the prodromal stage of a chronic disease (e.g., prediabetes) could be considered for dementia prevention.

7.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 734950, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660591

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membranous structures containing bioactive molecules, secreted by most cells into the extracellular environment. EVs are classified by their biogenesis mechanisms into two major subtypes: ectosomes (enriched in large EVs; lEVs), budding directly from the plasma membrane, which is common in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, and exosomes (enriched in small EVs; sEVs) generated through the multivesicular bodies via the endomembrane system, which is unique to eukaryotes. Even though recent proteomic analyses have identified key proteins associated with EV subtypes, there has been no systematic analysis, thus far, to support the general validity and utility of current EV subtype separation methods, still largely dependent on physical properties, such as vesicular size and sedimentation. Here, we classified human EV proteomic datasets into two main categories based on distinct centrifugation protocols commonly used for isolating sEV or lEV fractions. We found characteristic, evolutionarily conserved profiles of sEV and lEV proteins linked to their respective biogenetic origins. This may suggest that the evolutionary trajectory of vesicular proteins may result in a membership bias toward specific EV subtypes. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis showed that vesicular proteins formed distinct clusters with proteins in the same EV fraction, providing evidence for the existence of EV subtype-specific protein recruiters. Moreover, we identified functional modules enriched in each fraction, including multivesicular body sorting for sEV, and mitochondria cellular respiration for lEV proteins. Our analysis successfully captured novel features of EVs embedded in heterogeneous proteomics studies and suggests specific protein markers and signatures to be used as quality controllers in the isolation procedure for subtype-enriched EV fractions.

8.
Health Place ; 72: 102676, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34700061

RESUMO

This scoping review summarizes the literature about how ambient (outdoor) air pollution impacts movement behaviours (i.e., physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and sleep), or beliefs about movement behaviours. Of 6552 potential documents, 58 documents and 218 findings were included in the final synthesis. Most studies were from the United States and China, involved cross-sectional designs, and included mixed age groups. Overall, unfavourable changes/associations (i.e., decreased/lower physical activity, increased/higher sedentary-related behaviour, and decreased/lower sleep duration and quality) or no change/association in movement behaviours in relation to ambient air pollution were identified. Our findings suggest that more attention should be given to understanding the impact of ambient air pollution on movement behaviours in general and in diverse countries and vulnerable populations such as children or older adults.

9.
Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) ; 36(4): 810-822, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474516

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Activation of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is implicated in the pathogenesis of kidney injury and hypertension. We aimed to investigate the protective effect of tetrahydrocurcumin (THU) on intrarenal RAS expression, kidney injury, and systolic blood pressure (SBP) in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced type 2 diabetic mice. METHODS: Eight-week-old male mice were fed a regular diet (RD) or HFD for 12 weeks, and THU (50 or 100 mg/kg/day) was intragastrically administered with HFD. Physiological and metabolic changes were monitored and the expression of RAS components and markers of kidney injury were assessed. RESULTS: HFD-fed mice exhibited hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia compared to those in the RD group (P<0.05). Kidney injury in these mice was indicated by an increase in the ratio of albumin to creatinine, glomerular hypertrophy, and the effacement of podocyte foot processes. Expression of intrarenal angiotensin-converting enzyme, angiotensin II type I receptor, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase-4, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 was also markedly increased in HFD-fed mice. HFD-fed mice exhibited elevated SBP that was accompanied by an increase in the wall thickness and vascular cross-sectional area (P<0.05), 12 weeks post-HFD consumption. Treatment with THU (100 mg/kg/day) suppressed intrarenal RAS activation, improved insulin sensitivity, and reduced SBP, thus, attenuating kidney injury in these mice. CONCLUSION: THU alleviated kidney injury in mice with HFD-induced type 2 diabetes, possibly by blunting the activation of the intrarenal RAS/nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase IV (NOX4)/monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) axis and by lowering the high SBP.

10.
JMIR Ment Health ; 8(9): e30827, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suicide has emerged as a serious concern for public health; however, only few studies have revealed the differences between major psychiatric disorders and suicide. Recent studies have attempted to quantify research domain criteria (RDoC) into numeric scores to systematically use them in computerized methods. The RDoC scores were used to reveal the characteristics of suicide and its association with major psychiatric disorders. OBJECTIVE: We intended to investigate the differences in the dimensional psychopathology among hospitalized suicidal patients and the association between the dimensional psychopathology of psychiatric disorders and length of hospital stay. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled hospitalized suicidal patients diagnosed with major psychiatric disorders (depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder) between January 2010 and December 2020 at a tertiary hospital in South Korea. The RDoC scores were calculated using the patients' admission notes. To measure the differences between psychiatric disorder cohorts, analysis of variance and the Cochran Q test were conducted and post hoc analysis for RDoC domains was performed with the independent two-sample t test. A linear regression model was used to analyze the association between the RDoC scores and sociodemographic features and comorbidity index. To estimate the association between the RDoC scores and length of hospital stay, multiple logistic regression models were applied to each psychiatric disorder group. RESULTS: We retrieved 732 admissions for 571 patients (465 with depression, 73 with schizophrenia, and 33 with bipolar disorder). We found significant differences in the dimensional psychopathology according to the psychiatric disorders. The patient group with depression showed the highest negative RDoC domain scores. In the cognitive and social RDoC domains, the groups with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder scored higher than the group with depression. In the arousal RDoC domain, the depression and bipolar disorder groups scored higher than the group with schizophrenia. We identified significant associations between the RDoC scores and length of stay for the depression and bipolar disorder groups. The odds ratios (ORs) of the length of stay were increased because of the higher negative RDoC domain scores in the group with depression (OR 1.058, 95% CI 1.006-1.114) and decreased by higher arousal RDoC domain scores in the group with bipolar disorder (OR 0.537, 95% CI 0.285-0.815). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the association between the dimensional psychopathology of major psychiatric disorders related to suicide and the length of hospital stay and identified differences in the dimensional psychopathology of major psychiatric disorders. This may provide new perspectives for understanding suicidal patients.

11.
J Clin Med ; 10(17)2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501260

RESUMO

We aimed to validate quantitative high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) imaging analyses of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and to delineate a broad spectrum of annual longitudinal changes of ILD severity in the RA-ILD cohorts. Retrospective cohort 1 (n = 26) had matched PFT results and prospective cohort 2 (n = 34) were followed for over two years with baseline serum specimen. Automated quantitative analysis of HRCT was expressed as the extent of ground-glass opacity, lung fibrosis, honeycombing, and their summation-the total extent of quantitative ILD (QILD). Higher QILD score was associated with lower pulmonary function especially for DLCO% (ρ = -0.433, p = 0.027). Higher serum level of Krebs von den Lungen 6 were significantly associated with high QILD scores (ρ = 0.400, p = 0.026). Regarding QILD score changes in whole lung, even a single point increase was significantly associated with interval progression detected by the radiologist. Four distinct patterns (improvement, worsening, convex-like, and concave-like) during the 24 months were described by QILD scores. Prolonged disease duration of ILD at baseline was significantly associated with worsening of QILD scores. QILD has the potential to reliably evaluate the dynamic severity changes in patients with RA-ILD.

12.
Lancet Child Adolesc Health ; 5(10): 729-738, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mental wellbeing in adolescents has declined considerably during past decades, making the identification of modifiable risk factors important. Prolonged screen time and insufficient physical activity appear to operate independently and synergistically to increase the risk of poor mental wellbeing in school-aged children. We aimed to examine the gender-stratified dose-dependent and joint associations of screen time and physical activity with mental wellbeing in adolescents. METHODS: We used data from three rounds of Health Behaviour in School-aged Children cross-sectional surveys (2006, 2010, and 2014) from 42 European and North American countries. Survey participants, aged 11 years, 13 years, and 15 years, provided self-reported information by completing an anonymous questionnaire that included items on health indicators and related behaviours. We used the self-reported variables of life satisfaction and psychosomatic complaints as indicators of adolescents' mental wellbeing, combining these with the self-reported discretionary use of screens and engagement in physical activity. We used generalised additive models and multilevel regression modelling to examine the gender-stratified relationships between mental wellbeing and screen time and physical activity. FINDINGS: Our sample included 577 475 adolescents (mean age 13·60 years, SD 1·64), with 296 542 (51·35%) girls and 280 933 (48·64%) boys. The mean reported life satisfaction score (on a scale of 0-10) was 7·70 (95% CI 7·69-7·71) in boys and 7·48 (7·46-7·50) in girls. Psychosomatic complaints were more common among girls (mean 9·26, 95% CI 9·23-9·28) than boys (6·89, 6·87-6·91). Generalised additive model analyses showed slightly non-linear associations of screen time and physical activity with life satisfaction and psychosomatic complaints for girls and boys. Detrimental associations between screen time and mental wellbeing started when screen time exceeded 1 h per day, whereas increases in physical activity levels were beneficially and monotonically associated with wellbeing. Multilevel modelling showed that screen time levels were negatively associated with life satisfaction and positively associated with psychosomatic complaints in a dose-dependent manner. Physical activity levels were positively associated with life satisfaction and negatively associated with psychosomatic complaints in a dose-dependent manner. Joint associations of screen time-physical activity with mental wellbeing showed that, compared with the least active participants with more than 8 h per day of screen time and no physical activity, most of the other screen time-physical activity groups had considerably higher life satisfaction and lower psychosomatic complaints. INTERPRETATION: Higher levels of screen time and lower levels of physical activity were associated with lower life satisfaction and higher psychosomatic complaints among adolescents from high-income countries. Public health strategies to promote adolescents' mental wellbeing should aim to decrease screen time and increase physical activity simultaneously. FUNDING: None.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Tempo de Tela , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , América do Norte , Satisfação Pessoal , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato
13.
Arch Oral Biol ; 129: 105214, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dysregulated DNA methylation is common in cancers and is considered one of the most important triggers in cancer development and progression. The expression and promoter methylation status of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 play a key role in several cancers, but its role is unclear in oral cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of lncRNA H19 as a prognostic biomarker for oral cancer. DESIGNS: The transcript levels and the methylation status of lncRNA H19 in OSCC cell lines and OSCC patient tissues were investigated by quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) and methylation-specific PCR (MSP). Methylation ratio (%) were calculated from the intensity of the MSP in the gel image and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis of OSCC patient survival was performed for patients grouped according to the lncRNA H19 promoter methylation ratio. RESULTS: lncRNA H19 was highly expressed and its promoter region was hypomethylated in OSSC cell lines as compared to normal control. Almost all OSCC patients tissues (63 out of 65, 97 %) showed hypomethylation of lncRNA H19 compared to normal oral mucosa tissues. There was a significant correlation between methylation ratio and tumor histopathologic grade. OSCC patients with hypomethylation of lncRNA H19 had a significantly lower 5-year survival rate. CONCLUSIONS: Hypomethylation of lncRNA H19 may serve as a potential prognostic biomarker for oral cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Biomarcadores , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Metilação de DNA , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
14.
J Nat Prod ; 84(8): 2249-2255, 2021 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387477

RESUMO

Acremonamide (1) was isolated from a marine-derived fungus belonging to the genus Acremonium. The chemical structure of 1 was established using MS, UV, and NMR spectroscopic data analyses. Acremonamide (1) was found to contain N-Me-Phe, N-Me-Ala, Val, Phe, and 2-hydroxyisovaleric acid. The absolute configurations of the four aforementioned amino acids were determined through acid hydrolysis followed by the advanced Marfey's method, whereas the absolute configuration of 2-hydroxyisovaleric acid was determined through GC-MS analysis after formation of the O-pentafluoropropionylated derivative of the (-)-menthyl ester of 2-hydroxyisovaleric acid. As an intrinsic biological activity, acremonamide (1) did not exert cytotoxicity to cancer and noncancer cells and increased the migration and invasion. Based on these activities, the wound healing properties of acremonamide (1) were confirmed in vitro and in vivo.

15.
J Clin Med ; 10(16)2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441840

RESUMO

Although some intravenous drugs have been used to treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), no effective antiviral agents are currently available in the outpatient setting. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and adverse events of 14-day ciclesonide treatment vs. standard care for patients with mild-to-moderate COVID-19. A randomized, open-label, multicenter clinical trial of ciclesonide inhalers was conducted in patients with mild-to-moderate COVID-19. Patients were enrolled within 3 days of diagnosis or within 7 days from symptom onset and randomly assigned to receive either ciclesonide (320 µg inhalation twice per day for 14 days) or standard care. The primary endpoint was the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) eradication rate on day 14 from study enrollment. Clinical status was assessed once daily, and serial nasopharyngeal viral load was evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. There were 35 and 26 patients in the ciclesonide and standard care groups, respectively. The SARS-CoV-2 eradication rate at day 14 was significantly higher in the ciclesonide group (p = 0.021). In multivariate analysis, SARS-CoV-2 negative conversion within 14 days was 12 times more likely in the ciclesonide group (95% confidence interval, 1.187-125.240). Additionally, the clinical failure rate (high-flow nasal oxygen therapy or mechanical ventilation) was significantly lower in the ciclesonide group (p = 0.034). In conclusion, ciclesonide inhalation shortened SARS-CoV-2 viral shedding duration, and it may inhibit the progression to acute respiratory failure in patients with mild-to-moderate COVID-19. Clinical Trial Registration NCT04330586.

16.
Diabetes Metab J ; 45(4): 461-481, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352984

RESUMO

The Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines of the Korean Diabetes Association (KDA) updated the previous clinical practice guidelines for Korean adults with diabetes and prediabetes and published the seventh edition in May 2021. We performed a comprehensive systematic review of recent clinical trials and evidence that could be applicable in real-world practice and suitable for the Korean population. The guideline is provided for all healthcare providers including physicians, diabetes experts, and certified diabetes educators across the country who manage patients with diabetes or the individuals at the risk of developing diabetes mellitus. The recommendations for screening diabetes and glucose-lowering agents have been revised and updated. New sections for continuous glucose monitoring, insulin pump use, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with diabetes mellitus have been added. The KDA recommends active vaccination for coronavirus disease 2019 in patients with diabetes during the pandemic. An abridgement that contains practical information for patient education and systematic management in the clinic was published separately.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Pandemias , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Sociedades Médicas
17.
J Relig Health ; 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405313

RESUMO

The objective of this systematic review was to summarize the roles that religious communities played during the early stage of COVID-19 pandemic. Seven databases were searched and a total of 58 articles in English published between February 2020 and July 2020 were included in evidence synthesis. The findings of the literature showed diverse influences of religion as a double-edged sword in the context of COVID-19 pandemic. Religious communities have played detrimental and/or beneficial roles as a response to COVID-19 pandemic. A collaborative approach among religious communities, health science, and government is critical to combat COVID-19 crisis and future pandemics/epidemics.

18.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(18): 8725-8733, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382326

RESUMO

Ectopic fat accumulation in the kidneys causes oxidative stress, inflammation and cell death. Dehydrozingerone (DHZ) is a curcumin analog that exhibits antitumour, antioxidant and antidiabetic effects. However, the efficacy of DHZ in diabetic nephropathy (DN) is unknown. Here, we verified the efficacy of DHZ on DN. We divided the experimental animals into three groups: regular diet, 60% high-fat diet (HFD) and HFD with DHZ for 12 weeks. We analysed levels of renal triglycerides and urinary albumin and albumin-creatinine ratio, renal morphological changes and molecular changes via real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting. Furthermore, high glucose (HG)- or palmitate (PA)-stimulated mouse mesangial cells or mouse podocytes were treated with DHZ for 24 h. As a result, DHZ markedly reduced renal glycerol accumulation and albuminuria excretion through improvement of thickened glomerular basement membrane, podocyte loss and slit diaphragm reduction. In the renal cortex in the HFD group, phospho-AMPK and nephrin expression reduced, whereas arginase 2 and CD68 expression increased; however, these changes were recovered after DHZ administration. Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) stimulated by HG or PA in podocytes was inhibited by DHZ treatment. Collectively, these findings indicate that DHZ ameliorates DN via inhibits of lipotoxicity-induced inflammation and ROS formation.

19.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254316, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234351

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to derive an in-depth understanding of the transfer experience of intensive care unit (ICU) patients in South Korea through a phenomenological analysis. METHODS: Participants were 15 adult patients who were admitted to a medical or surgical ICU at a university hospital for more than 48 hours before being transferred to a general ward. Data were collected three to five days after their transfer to the general ward from January to December 2017 through individual in-depth interviews and were analyzed using Colaizzi's phenomenological data analysis method, phenomenological reduction, intersubjective reduction, and hermeneutic circle. Data analysis yielded eight themes and four theme clusters related to the unique experiences of domestic ICU patients in the process of transfer to the general ward. RESULTS: The four main themes of the patients' transfer experiences were "hope amid despair," "gratitude for being alive," "recovery from suffering," and "seeking a return to normality." CONCLUSION: Our findings expand the realistic and holistic understanding from the patient's perspective. This study's findings can contribute to the development of appropriate nursing interventions that can support preparation and adaptation to the transfer of ICU patients.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Transferência de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Quartos de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , República da Coreia
20.
Kidney Res Clin Pract ; 40(3): 383-391, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor has been reported to have kidney-protective benefits. To elucidate how antidiabetic agents prevent diabetic kidney disease progression, it is important to investigate their effect on the kidney environment in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. Herein, we investigated the expression pattern of urinary exosome-derived microRNA (miRNA) in patients taking a combination of DPP-4 inhibitor and metformin (DPP-4 inhibitor group) and compared them with patients taking a combination of sulfonylurea and metformin (sulfonylurea group). METHODS: This was a prospective study involving 57 patients with type 2 DM (DPP-4 inhibitor group, n = 34; sulfonylurea group, n = 23) and healthy volunteers (n = 7). We measured urinary exosomal miRNA using the NanoString nCounter miRNA array (NanoString Technologies) across the three groups (n = 4 per each group) and validated findings using real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Twenty-one differentially expressed candidate miRNAs were identified, and six (let-7c-5p, miR-23a-3p, miR-26a-3p, miR-30d, miR-205, and miR-200a) were selected for validation. Validation showed no significant difference in miRNA expression between the DPP-4 inhibitor and sulfonylurea groups. Only miR-23a-3p was significantly overexpressed in the diabetes group compared with the control group (DPP-4 inhibitor vs. control, p = 0.01; sulfonylurea vs. control, p = 0.007). This trend was consistent even after adjusting for age, sex, and body mass index. CONCLUSION: There was no significant difference in urine exosome miRNA expression between diabetic participants taking DPP-4 inhibitor and those taking sulfonylurea. The miR-23a levels were higher in diabetic participants than in nondiabetic controls.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...