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1.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3609, 2022 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35750665

RESUMO

In alkaline and neutral MEA CO2 electrolyzers, CO2 rapidly converts to (bi)carbonate, imposing a significant energy penalty arising from separating CO2 from the anode gas outlets. Here we report a CO2 electrolyzer uses a bipolar membrane (BPM) to convert (bi)carbonate back to CO2, preventing crossover; and that surpasses the single-pass utilization (SPU) limit (25% for multi-carbon products, C2+) suffered by previous neutral-media electrolyzers. We employ a stationary unbuffered catholyte layer between BPM and cathode to promote C2+ products while ensuring that (bi)carbonate is converted back, in situ, to CO2 near the cathode. We develop a model that enables the design of the catholyte layer, finding that limiting the diffusion path length of reverted CO2 to ~10 µm balances the CO2 diffusion flux with the regeneration rate. We report a single-pass CO2 utilization of 78%, which lowers the energy associated with downstream separation of CO2 by 10× compared with past systems.

2.
Adv Mater ; 34(18): e2110536, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35194844

RESUMO

Smart contact lenses for continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) have great potential for huge clinical impact. To date, their development has been limited by challenges in accurate detection of glucose without hysteresis for tear glucose monitoring to track the blood glucose levels. Here, long-term robust CGM in diabetic rabbits is demonstrated by using bimetallic nanocatalysts immobilized in nanoporous hydrogels in smart contact lenses. After redox reaction of glucose oxidase, the nanocatalysts facilitate rapid decomposition of hydrogen peroxide and nanoparticle-mediated charge transfer with drastically improved diffusion via rapid swelling of nanoporous hydrogels. The ocular glucose sensors result in high sensitivity, fast response time, low detection limit, low hysteresis, and rapid sensor warming-up time. In diabetic rabbits, smart contact lens can detect tear glucose levels consistent with blood glucose levels measured by a glucometer and a CGM device, reflecting rapid concentration changes without hysteresis. The CGM in a human demonstrates the feasibility of smart contact lenses for further clinical applications.


Assuntos
Lentes de Contato , Diabetes Mellitus , Nanoporos , Animais , Glicemia , Automonitorização da Glicemia , Glucose , Hidrogéis , Coelhos
3.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 819, 2022 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35145110

RESUMO

Nitrogen-doped graphene-supported single atoms convert CO2 to CO, but fail to provide further hydrogenation to methane - a finding attributable to the weak adsorption of CO intermediates. To regulate the adsorption energy, here we investigate the metal-supported single atoms to enable CO2 hydrogenation. We find a copper-supported iron-single-atom catalyst producing a high-rate methane. Density functional theory calculations and in-situ Raman spectroscopy show that the iron atoms attract surrounding intermediates and carry out hydrogenation to generate methane. The catalyst is realized by assembling iron phthalocyanine on the copper surface, followed by in-situ formation of single iron atoms during electrocatalysis, identified using operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The copper-supported iron-single-atom catalyst exhibits a CO2-to-methane Faradaic efficiency of 64% and a partial current density of 128 mA cm-2, while the nitrogen-doped graphene-supported one produces only CO. The activity is 32 times higher than a pristine copper under the same conditions of electrolyte and bias.

4.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 9(9): e2103254, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35092362

RESUMO

Diabetic retinopathy is currently treated by highly invasive repeated therapeutic injections and surgical interventions without complete vision recovery. Here, a noninvasive smart wireless far red/near-infrared (NIR) light emitting contact lens developed successfully for the repeated treatment of diabetic retinopathy with significantly improved compliance. A far red/NIR light emitting diode (LED) is connected with an application-specific integrated circuit chip, wireless power, and communication systems on a PET film, which is embedded in a silicone elastomer contact lens by thermal crosslinking. After in vitro characterization, it is confirmed that the retinal vascular hyper-permeability induced by diabetic retinopathy in rabbits is reduced to a statistically significant level by simply repeated wearing of smart far red/NIR LED contact lens for 8 weeks with 120 µW light irradiation for 15 min thrice a week. Histological analysis exhibits the safety and feasibility of LED contact lenses for treating diabetic retinopathy. This platform technology for smart LED contact lens would be harnessed for various biomedical photonic applications.


Assuntos
Lentes de Contato , Diabetes Mellitus , Retinopatia Diabética , Animais , Retinopatia Diabética/terapia , Raios Infravermelhos , Coelhos
5.
Ocul Surf ; 23: 148-161, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537415

RESUMO

Severe corneal wounds can lead to ulceration and scarring if not promptly and adequately treated. Hyaluronic acid (HA) has been investigated for the treatment of corneal wounds due to its remarkable biocompatibility, transparency and mucoadhesive properties. However, linear HA has low retention time on the cornea while many chemical moieties used to crosslink HA can cause toxicity, which limits their clinical ocular applications. Here, we used supramolecular non-covalent host-guest interactions between HA-cyclodextrin and HA-adamantane to form shear-thinning HA hydrogels and evaluated their impact on corneal wound healing. Supramolecular HA hydrogels facilitated adhesion and spreading of encapsulated human corneal epithelial cells ex vivo and improved corneal wound healing in vivo as an in situ-formed, acellular therapeutic membrane. The HA hydrogels were absorbed within the corneal stroma over time, modulated mesenchymal cornea stromal cell secretome production, reduced cellularity and inflammation of the anterior stroma, and significantly mitigated corneal edema compared to treatment with linear HA and untreated control eyes. Taken together, our results demonstrate supramolecular HA hydrogels as a promising and versatile biomaterial platform for corneal wound healing.


Assuntos
Lesões da Córnea , Hidrogéis , Córnea , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Ácido Hialurônico/farmacologia , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Cicatrização
6.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 10(1)2022 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36671586

RESUMO

Abnormal metabolism is a hallmark of cancer cells. Accumulating evidence suggests that metabolic changes are likely to occur before other cellular responses in cancer cells upon drug treatment. Therefore, the metabolic activity or flux in cancer cells could be a potent biomarker for cancer detection and treatment monitoring. Magnetic resonance (MR)-based sensing technologies have been developed with hyperpolarized molecules for real-time flux analysis, but they still suffer from low sensitivity and throughput. To address this limitation, we have developed an innovative miniaturized MR coil, termed micro-slab MR coil, for simultaneous analysis of metabolic flux in multiple samples. Combining this approach with hyperpolarized probes, we were able to quantify the pyruvate-to-lactate flux in two different leukemic cell lines in a non-destructive manner, simultaneously. Further, we were able to rapidly assess flux changes with drug treatment in a single hyperpolarization experiment. This new multi-sample system has the potential to transform our ability to assess metabolic dynamics at scale.

7.
Adv Mater ; 33(7): e2003855, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448061

RESUMO

The electrosynthesis of value-added multicarbon products from CO2 is a promising strategy to shift chemical production away from fossil fuels. Particularly important is the rational design of gas diffusion electrode (GDE) assemblies to react selectively, at scale, and at high rates. However, the understanding of the gas diffusion layer (GDL) in these assemblies is limited for the CO2 reduction reaction (CO2 RR): particularly important, but incompletely understood, is how the GDL modulates product distributions of catalysts operating in high current density regimes > 300 mA cm-2 . Here, 3D-printable fluoropolymer GDLs with tunable microporosity and structure are reported and probe the effects of permeance, microstructural porosity, macrostructure, and surface morphology. Under a given choice of applied electrochemical potential and electrolyte, a 100× increase in the C2 H4 :CO ratio due to GDL surface morphology design over a homogeneously porous equivalent and a 1.8× increase in the C2 H4 partial current density due to a pyramidal macrostructure are observed. These findings offer routes to improve CO2 RR GDEs as a platform for 3D catalyst design.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(41): 17226-17235, 2021 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617746

RESUMO

We explore the selective electrocatalytic hydrogenation of lignin monomers to methoxylated chemicals, of particular interest, when powered by renewable electricity. Prior studies, while advancing the field rapidly, have so far lacked the needed selectivity: when hydrogenating lignin-derived methoxylated monomers to methoxylated cyclohexanes, the desired methoxy group (-OCH3) has also been reduced. The ternary PtRhAu electrocatalysts developed herein selectively hydrogenate lignin monomers to methoxylated cyclohexanes-molecules with uses in pharmaceutics. Using X-ray absorption spectroscopy and in situ Raman spectroscopy, we find that Rh and Au modulate the electronic structure of Pt and that this modulating steers intermediate energetics on the electrocatalyst surface to facilitate the hydrogenation of lignin monomers and suppress C-OCH3 bond cleavage. As a result, PtRhAu electrocatalysts achieve a record 58% faradaic efficiency (FE) toward 2-methoxycyclohexanol from the lignin monomer guaiacol at 200 mA cm-2, representing a 1.9× advance in FE and a 4× increase in partial current density compared to the highest productivity prior reports. We demonstrate an integrated lignin biorefinery where wood-derived lignin monomers are selectively hydrogenated and funneled to methoxylated 2-methoxy-4-propylcyclohexanol using PtRhAu electrocatalysts. This work offers an opportunity for the sustainable electrocatalytic synthesis of methoxylated pharmaceuticals from renewable biomass.

9.
Biomaterials ; 268: 120548, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260092

RESUMO

Cell polarization plays a crucial role in dynamic cellular events, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and directional migration in response to diverse extracellular and intracellular signals. Although it is well known that cell polarization entails highly orchestrated intracellular molecular reorganization, the underlying mechanism of repositioning by intracellular organelles in the presence of multiple stimuli is still unclear. Here, we show that front-rear cell polarization based on the relative positions of nucleus and microtubule organizing center is precisely controlled by mechanical interactions including cellular adhesion to extracellular matrix and nucleus-cytoskeletal connections. By modulating the size and distribution of fibronectin-coated adhesive spots located in the polarized cell shape mimicking micropatterns, we monitored the alterations in cell polarity. We found that the localization of individual adhesive spots is more dominant than the cell shape itself to induce intracellular polarization. Further, the degree of cell polarization was diminished significantly by disrupting nuclear lamin A/C. We further confirm that geometrical cue-guided intracellular polarization determines directional cell migration via local activation of Cdc42. These findings provide novel insights into the role of nucleus-cytoskeletal connections in single cell polarization under a combination of physical, molecular, and genetic cues, where lamin A/C acts as a critical molecular mediator in ECM sensing and signal transduction via nucleus-cytoskeletal connection.


Assuntos
Citoesqueleto , Lamina Tipo A , Movimento Celular , Polaridade Celular , Matriz Extracelular , Centro Organizador dos Microtúbulos
10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(51): 21513-21521, 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33319985

RESUMO

In the electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR), control over the binding of intermediates is key for tuning product selectivity and catalytic activity. Here we report the use of reticular chemistry to control the binding of CO2RR intermediates on metal catalysts encapsulated inside metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), thereby allowing us to improve CO2RR electrocatalysis. By varying systematically both the organic linker and the metal node in a face-centered cubic (fcu) MOF, we tune the adsorption of CO2, pore openness, and Lewis acidity of the MOFs. Using operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and in situ Raman spectroscopy, we reveal that the MOFs are stable under operating conditions and that this tuning plays the role of optimizing the *CO binding mode on the surface of Ag nanoparticles incorporated inside the MOFs with the increase of local CO2 concentration. As a result, we improve the CO selectivity from 74% for Ag/Zr-fcu-MOF-1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid (BDC) to 94% for Ag/Zr-fcu-MOF-1,4-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid (NDC). The work offers a further avenue to utilize MOFs in the pursuit of materials design for CO2RR.

11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(21)2020 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171652

RESUMO

The human-in-the-loop technology requires studies on sensory-motor characteristics of each hand for an effective human-robot collaboration. This study aims to investigate the differences in visuomotor control between the dominant (DH) and non-dominant hands in tracking a target in the three-dimensional space. We compared the circular tracking performances of the hands on the frontal plane of the virtual reality space in terms of radial position error (ΔR), phase error (Δθ), acceleration error (Δa), and dimensionless squared jerk (DSJ) at four different speeds for 30 subjects. ΔR and Δθ significantly differed at relatively high speeds (ΔR: 0.5 Hz; Δθ: 0.5, 0.75 Hz), with maximum values of ≤1% compared to the target trajectory radius. DSJ significantly differed only at low speeds (0.125, 0.25 Hz), whereas Δa significantly differed at all speeds. In summary, the feedback-control mechanism of the DH has a wider range of speed control capability and is efficient according to an energy saving model. The central nervous system (CNS) uses different models for the two hands, which react dissimilarly. Despite the precise control of the DH, both hands exhibited dependences on limb kinematic properties at high speeds (0.75 Hz). Thus, the CNS uses a different strategy according to the model for optimal results.


Assuntos
Mãos , Movimento , Robótica , Realidade Virtual , Adulto , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Retroalimentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
12.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0241138, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175910

RESUMO

We aim to investigate a control strategy for the circular tracking movement in a three-dimensional (3D) space based on the accuracy of the visual information. After setting the circular orbits for the frontal and sagittal planes in the 3D virtual space, the subjects track a target moving at a constant velocity. The analysis is applied to two parameters of the polar coordinates, namely, ΔR (the difference in the distance from the center of a circular orbit) and Δω (the difference in the angular velocity). The movement in the sagittal plane provides different depth information depending on the position of the target in orbit, unlike the task of the frontal plane. Therefore, the circular orbit is divided into four quadrants for a statistical analysis of ΔR. In the sagittal plane, the error was two to three times larger in quadrants 1 and 4 than in quadrants 2 and 3 close to the subject. Here, Δω is estimated using a frequency analysis; the lower the accuracy of the visual information, the greater the periodicity. When comparing two different planes, the periodicity in the sagittal plane was approximately 1.7 to 2 times larger than that of the frontal plane. In addition, the average angular velocity of the target and tracer was within 0.6% during a single cycle. We found that if the amount of visual information is reduced, an optimal feedback control strategy can be used to reduce the positional error within a specific area.


Assuntos
Retroalimentação Sensorial/fisiologia , Percepção de Movimento/fisiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Realidade Virtual , Adulto Jovem
13.
Adv Biosyst ; 4(11): e2000247, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035411

RESUMO

Recent findings about cell fate change induced by physical stimuli have expedited the discovery of underlying regulatory mechanisms that determine stem cell differentiation. Progress with regards to micro-/nanofabrication technology have led to the development of advanced materials that can mimic biophysical features of in vivo related circumstances of the human body. Since the cellular microenvironment directly defines cellular structure and function, diverse material properties including stiffness, topology, and surface chemistry are investigated to regulate multiple signaling cascades involved in stem cell differentiation for the development of innovative tools that can be widely utilized in various fields ranging from basic research to medical applications. This progress report addresses essential biophysical regulation and alteration of material properties applied to control stem cell differentiation. It also presents novel strategies to regulate stem cell differentiation based on relationships between recently discovered mechanotransduction pathways and cell differentiation signaling. A new perspective on stem cell physiology will further provide a framework of biomedical applications such as regenerative medicine and stem cell therapy.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Mecanotransdução Celular , Ratos
14.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 11(9)2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847135

RESUMO

Aging is a progressive functional decline in organs and tissues over time and typically represents the accumulation of psychological and social changes in a human being. Diverse diseases, such as cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and neurodegenerative disorders, are now understood to be caused by aging. While biological assessment of aging mainly focuses on the gradual changes that occur either on the molecular scale, for example, alteration of gene expression and epigenetic modification, or on larger scales, for example, changes in muscle strength and cardiac function, the mechanics that regulates the behavior of individual cells and interactions between the internal elements of cells, are largely missing. In this study, we show that the dynamic features of migrating cells across different human ages could help to establish the underlying mechanism of biological age-dependent cellular functional decline. To determine the relationship between cellular dynamics and human age, we identify the characteristic relationship between cell migration and nuclear motion which is tightly regulated by nucleus-bound cytoskeletal organization. This analysis demonstrates that actomyosin contractility-dependent nuclear motion plays a key role in cell migration. We anticipate this study to provide noble biophysical insights on biological aging in order to precisely diagnose age-related chronic diseases.

15.
Toxicol In Vitro ; 68: 104955, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739441

RESUMO

Current alternatives to animal testing methods for skin irritation evaluation such as reconstructed human epidermis models are not fully representing physiological response caused by skin irritants. Skin irritation is physiologically induced by the dilation and increased permeability of endothelial cells. Thus, our objectives were to mimic physiological skin irritation using a skin-on-a-chip model and compare predictive capacities with a reconstructed human epidermis model to evaluate its effectiveness. To achieve our goals, the skin-on-a-chip model, consisting of three layers representing the epidermal, dermal and endothelial components, was adapted. Cell viability was measured using the OECD TG 439 protocol for test substance evaluation. The tight junctions of endothelial cells were also observed and measured to assess physiological responses to test substances. These parameters were used to physiologically evaluate cell-to-cell interactions induced by test substances and quantify model accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. Based on in vivo data, the classification accuracy of twenty test substances using a dual-parameter chip model was 80%, which is higher than other methods. Besides, the chip model was more suitable for simulating human skin irritation. Therefore, it is important to note that the dual-parameter chip model possesses an enhanced predictive capacity and could serve as an alternative to animal testing for skin irritation.


Assuntos
Alternativas aos Testes com Animais , Modelos Biológicos , Testes de Irritação da Pele , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Irritantes/toxicidade , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Nat Rev Mater ; 5(2): 149-165, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728478

RESUMO

Numerous light-based diagnostic and therapeutic devices are routinely used in the clinic. These devices have a familiar look as items plugged in the wall or placed at patients' bedsides, but recently, many new ideas have been proposed for the realization of implantable or wearable functional devices. Many advances are being fuelled by the development of multifunctional materials for photonic healthcare devices. However, the finite depth of light penetration in the body is still a serious constraint for their clinical applications. In this Review, we discuss the basic concepts and some examples of state-of-the-art implantable and wearable photonic healthcare devices for diagnostic and therapeutic applications. First, we describe emerging multifunctional materials critical to the advent of next-generation implantable and wearable photonic healthcare devices and discuss the path for their clinical translation. Then, we examine implantable photonic healthcare devices in terms of their properties and diagnostic and therapeutic functions. We next describe exemplary cases of noninvasive, wearable photonic healthcare devices across different anatomical applications. Finally, we discuss the future research directions for the field, in particular regarding mobile healthcare and personalized medicine.

17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(12)2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575627

RESUMO

Human movement is a controlled result of the sensory-motor system, and the motor control mechanism has been studied through diverse movements. The present study examined control characteristics of dominant and non-dominant hands by analyzing the transient responses of circular tracking movements in 3D virtual reality space. A visual target rotated in a circular trajectory at four different speeds, and 29 participants tracked the target with their hands. The position of each subject's hand was measured, and the following three parameters were investigated: normalized initial peak velocity (IPV2), initial peak time (IPT2), and time delay (TD2). The IPV2 of both hands decreased as target speed increased. The results of IPT2 revealed that the dominant hand reached its peak velocity 0.0423 s earlier than the non-dominant hand, regardless of target speed. The TD2 of the hands diminished by 0.0218 s on average as target speed increased, but the dominant hand statistically revealed a 0.0417-s shorter TD2 than the non-dominant hand. Velocity-control performances from the IPV2 and IPT2 suggested that an identical internal model controls movement in both hands, whereas the dominant hand is likely more experienced than the non-dominant hand in reacting to neural commands, resulting in better reactivity in the movement task.


Assuntos
Movimento , Realidade Virtual , Mãos , Humanos , Desempenho Psicomotor
18.
J Biomed Opt ; 25(3): 1-18, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193907

RESUMO

SIGNIFICANCE: Photobiomodulation is a well-established therapeutic modality. However, the mechanism of action is poorly understood, due to lack of research in the causal relationship between the near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation and its specific biological effects, hindering broader applications of this technology. AIM: Since biological chromophores typically show several absorption peaks, we determined whether specific effects of photobiomodulation are induced with a combination of two wavelengths at a certain range of irradiance only, rather than a single wavelength of NIR light. APPROACH: In order to analyze a wide array of combinations of multispectral NIR light at various irradiances efficiently, we developed a new optical platform equipped with two distinct wavelengths of NIR lasers by high-throughput multiple dosing for single-cell live imaging. Two wavelengths of 1064 and 1270 nm were selected based on their photobiomodulatory effects reported in the literature. RESULTS: A specific combination of wavelengths at low irradiances (250 to 400 mW / cm2 for 1064 nm and 55 to 65 mW / cm2 for 1270 nm) modulates mitochondrial retrograde signaling, including intracellular calcium and reactive oxygen species in T cells. The time-dependent density functional theory computation of binding of nitric oxide (NO) to cytochrome c oxidase indicates that the illumination with NIR light could result in the NO release, which might be involved in these changes. CONCLUSIONS: This optical platform is a powerful tool to study causal relationship between a specific parameter of NIR light and its biological effects. Such a platform is useful for a further mechanistic study on not only photobiomodulation but also other modalities in photomedicine.


Assuntos
Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Imagem Óptica/instrumentação , Linfócitos T/citologia , Animais , Cálcio/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Separação Celular/métodos , Células Cultivadas , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/metabolismo , Feminino , Raios Infravermelhos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(40): 37347-37356, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502433

RESUMO

Noninvasive real-time biosensors to measure glucose levels in the body fluids have been widely investigated for continuous glucose monitoring of diabetic patients. However, they suffered from low sensitivity and reproducibility due to the instability of nanomaterials used for glucose biosensors. Here, we developed a hyaluronate-gold nanoparticle/glucose oxidase (HA-AuNP/GOx) complex and an ultralow-power application-specific integrated circuit chip for noninvasive and robust wireless patch-type glucose sensors. The HA-AuNP/GOx complex was prepared by the facile conjugation of thiolated HA to AuNPs and the following physical binding of GOx. The wireless glucose sensor exhibited slow water evaporation (0.11 µL/min), fast response (5 s), high sensitivity (12.37 µA·dL/mg·cm2) and selectivity, a low detection limit (0.5 mg/dL), and highly stable enzymatic activity (∼14 days). We successfully demonstrated the strong correlation between glucose concentrations measured by a commercially available blood glucometer and the wireless patch-type glucose sensor. Taken together, we could confirm the feasibility of the wireless patch-type robust glucose sensor for noninvasive and continuous diabetic diagnosis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Glucose Oxidase/metabolismo , Glucose/análise , Ouro/química , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Tecnologia sem Fio , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus
20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(24): 21308-21313, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31012310

RESUMO

Despite tremendous accomplishments achieved in 2D materials, little progress has been made in carbonaceous 2D materials beyond graphene and graphene oxide. Here, we report a 2D material of carbonaceous nanoplates (CANP). The bottom-up synthesis of CANP is green, separation-free, and massive. The nanoplates are 2 to 3 monolayers thick with an average interlayer spacing of 0.57 nm. The synthesis involves viscosity-aided two-dimensional growth of fragmented glucose derivatives and leads to the complete conversion of glucose to the 2D nanoplates. Application tests demonstrate the usefulness of the affordable 2D material.

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