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1.
Psychiatry Investig ; 18(11): 1076-1081, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732026

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effect of suicide prevention education on attitudes toward suicide among police officers. METHODS: We used an anonymous questionnaire for 518 officers and surveyed the demographic profiles and examined attitudes toward suicide utilizing the Attitudes Towards Suicide Scale (ATTS) (1=totally agree, 5=totally disagree). Our study divided participants into two groups, based on whether or not they had received suicide prevention education, and examined the differences in attitudes toward suicide between the groups. RESULTS: Of the total population, 247 (47.7%) officers had received suicide prevention education. The education group thought suicide as a predictable matter, disagreeing significantly more with the ATTS factor 'suicide is unpredictable' (3.36 vs. 3.35; p=0.001) compared with the no education group. Also, the education group more perceived suicide as a cry for help and at the same time disagreed more with the notion 'suicidal thoughts will never disappear' (2.08 vs. 2.26; p=0.025, 3.2 vs. 3.05; p=0.035, respectively). CONCLUSION: Officers with experience in suicide prevention education showed more positive attitude toward suicide and suicide prevention. These findings suggest a need to organize more opportunities of suicide prevention educations, such as making the training mandatory for police officers.

2.
Psychiatry Investig ; 18(11): 1117-1124, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Young adults putting off marriage and having less children have become recent trends in many modern societies. Yet less is known about the psychological factors underlying the drastically low marriage and fertility rates. We hypothesized that childhood maltreatment experience may have a negative association with one's marriage and childbearing intention. METHODS: A total of 1,004 college students (mean age of 20.8±2.3 years, 56.1% female) completed self-questionnaires including sociodemographic information, marriage and childbearing intention, Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the effect of childhood trauma on marriage and childbearing intentions after controlling for sociodemographic variables and depression. RESULTS: 29.7% had no intention to get married and 40.4% had no intention to have children in the future. The prevalence of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse was 33.1%, 18.5%, and 22.3%, respectively. Multivariable logistic regression analyses revealed that female (p<0.001), poor health status (p=0.001), and childhood emotional abuse (p=0.01) were independent predictors of no desire to get married. Female (p<0.001), poor health status (p<0.001), and childhood emotional abuse (p=0.038) were also predictors of no desire to have children. CONCLUSION: Childhood emotional abuse may be the most damaging form among other types of childhood maltreatment because it can occur more pervasively and persist for a longer period, causing extensive damage to a child's emotional, social and cognitive development. Raising awareness regarding the life-long consequences of childhood emotional abuse and the need to prevent and detect childhood emotional abuse should be emphasized.

3.
Psychiatry Investig ; 18(11): 1035-1043, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732032

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Subjective reports of patients with insomnia often show a discrepancy with their objective assessments of sleep. We aimed to assess subjective-objective sleep discrepancy in subjects with insomnia disorder as well as the psychological factors associated with the discrepancy. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of the baseline data of a randomized controlled study on 110 adults aged 18 years to 59 years with insomnia disorder. Subjective reports on sleep and the objective measures acquired by an overnight polysomnography were used to measure the sleep discrepancy. Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale (SAPS), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), beck anxiety inventory (BAI), and Global Assessment of Recent Stress (GARS) were used to evaluate the psychological factors associated with the sleep discrepancy. RESULTS: Mean total sleep time (TST) discrepancy of the participants was -81.65±97.41 minutes. Multivariable logistic regression analyses revealed that age (adjusted OR=1.07, 95% CI=1.01-1.13, p=0.027), years of education (adjusted OR=0.69, 95% CI=0.48-0.91, p=0.017), and smartphone addiction proneness (adjusted OR=1.14, 95% CI=1.04-1.27, p=0.008) were independent predictors of TST misperception. Mean sleep onset latency (SOL) discrepancy of the participants was 41.28±45.01 minutes. Only anxiety was an independent predictor of SOL misperception (adjusted OR=1.16, 95% CI=1.05-1.31, p=0.006). CONCLUSION: The present study provides empirical evidence to increase our understanding of the various factors that are associated with subjective-objective sleep discrepancy. Screening insomnia patients with smartphone addiction proneness may help predict the potential discrepancy between the patients' subjective reports and objective measures of sleep duration.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502049

RESUMO

Cancer targeting nanoparticles have been extensively studied, but stable and applicable agents have yet to be developed. Here, we report stable nanoparticles based on hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg) for cancer therapy. HBcAg monomers assemble into spherical capsids of 180 or 240 subunits. HBcAg was engineered to present an affibody for binding to human epidermal growth factor receptor 1 (EGFR) and to present histidine and tyrosine tags for binding to gold ions. The HBcAg engineered to present affibody and tags (HAF) bound specifically to EGFR and exterminated the EGFR-overexpressing adenocarcinomas under alternating magnetic field (AMF) after binding with gold ions. Using cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo-EM), we obtained the molecular structures of recombinant HAF and found that the overall structure of HAF was the same as that of HBcAg, except with the affibody on the spike. Therefore, HAF is viable for cancer therapy with the advantage of maintaining a stable capsid form. If the affibody in HAF is replaced with a specific sequence to bind to another targetable disease protein, the nanoparticles can be used for drug development over a wide spectrum.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B/química , Nanopartículas/química , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Ouro/química , Células HT29 , Humanos , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Recombinantes/química
5.
Cell Rep ; 36(4): 109438, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320338

RESUMO

During microbial infection, bystander CD8+ T cells that are not specific to infecting pathogens can be activated by interleukin (IL)-15. However, the tissue-homing properties of bystander-activated CD8+ T cells have not been elucidated. Here, we examine the effects of IL-15 on the expression of chemokine receptors on CD8+ T cells and their migration. IL-15 upregulates CCR5 in memory CD8+ T cells in the absence of T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation and enhances CCR5-dependent migration. IL-15-induced CCR5 upregulation is abrogated by TCR stimulation, indicating that CCR5 is upregulated in bystander-activated CD8+ T cells. Moreover, CCR5 signals increase proliferation and cytotoxic protein expression in IL-15-treated memory CD8+ T cells, although the increase has a small extent. CCR5 upregulation in bystander-activated CD8+ T cells is associated with severe liver injury in patients with acute hepatitis A. Altogether, the results indicate that CCR5 upregulation by IL-15 mediates the migration of bystander-activated CD8+ T cells.

6.
J Korean Med Sci ; 36(10): e72, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence continues to accumulate that the presence or absence of early trauma (ET) implies unique characteristics in the relationships between suicidal ideation and its risk factors. We examined the relationships among recent stress, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and suicidal ideation in Korean suicidal women with or without such a history. METHODS: Using data on suicidal adult females, 217 victims and 134 non-victims of ET, from the Korean Cohort for the Model Predicting a Suicide and Suicide-related Behavior, we performed structural equation modeling to investigate the contribution of recent stress, depressive symptoms, and anxiety symptoms on suicidal ideation within each group according to the presence or absence of a history of ET. RESULTS: Structural equation modeling with anxiety and depressive symptoms as potential mediators showed a good fit. Recent stress had a direct effect on both depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms in both groups. Only anxiety symptoms for victims of ET (standardized regression weight, 0.281; P = 0.005) and depressive symptoms for non-victims of ET (standardized regression weight, 0.326; P = 0.003) were full mediators that increased suicidal ideation. Thus, stress contributed to suicidal ideation by increasing the level of anxiety and depressive symptoms for victims and non-victims, respectively. CONCLUSION: Tailored strategies to reduce suicidal ideation should be implemented according to group type, victims or non-victims of ET. Beyond educating suicidal women in stress-management techniques, it would be effective to decrease anxiety symptoms for those with a history of ET and decrease depressive symptoms for those without such a history.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Trauma Psicológico , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trauma Psicológico/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Ideação Suicida , Suicídio/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(8): 1919-1940, 2021 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33475659

RESUMO

Proteins are fundamentally the most important macromolecules for biochemical, mechanical, and structural functions in living organisms. Therefore, they provide us with diverse structural building blocks for constructing various types of biomaterials, including an important class of such materials, hydrogels. Since natural peptides and proteins are biocompatible and biodegradable, they have features advantageous for their use as the building blocks of hydrogels for biomedical applications. They display constitutional and mechanical similarities with the native extracellular matrix (ECM), and can be easily bio-functionalized via genetic and chemical engineering with features such as bio-recognition, specific stimulus-reactivity, and controlled degradation. This review aims to give an overview of hydrogels made up of recombinant proteins or synthetic peptides as the structural elements building the polymer network. A wide variety of hydrogels composed of protein or peptide building blocks with different origins and compositions - including ß-hairpin peptides, α-helical coiled coil peptides, elastin-like peptides, silk fibroin, and resilin - have been designed to date. In this review, the structures and characteristics of these natural proteins and peptides, with each of their gelation mechanisms, and the physical, chemical, and mechanical properties as well as biocompatibility of the resulting hydrogels are described. In addition, this review discusses the potential of using protein- or peptide-based hydrogels in the field of biomedical sciences, especially tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Desenho de Fármacos , Hidrogéis/química , Peptídeos/química , Proteínas/química , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Humanos , Hidrogéis/farmacologia
8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17753, 2020 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082438

RESUMO

As recent advancements in the chimeric antigen receptor-T cells have revolutionized the way blood cancers are handled, potential benefits from producing off-the-shelf, standardized immune cells entail the need for development of allogeneic immune cell therapy. However, host rejection driven by HLA disparity in adoptively transferred allogeneic T cells remains a key obstacle to the universal donor T cell therapy. To evade donor HLA-mediated immune rejection, we attempted to eliminate T cell's HLA through the CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing system. First, we screened 60 gRNAs targeting B2M and multiple sets of gRNA each targeting α chains of HLA-II (DPA, DQA and DRA, respectively) using web-based design tools, and identified specific gRNA sequences highly efficient for target deletion without carrying off-target effects. Multiplex genome editing of primary human T cells achieved by the newly discovered gRNAs yielded HLA-I- or HLA-I/II-deficient T cells that were phenotypically unaltered and functionally intact. The overnight mixed lymphocyte reactions demonstrated the HLA-I-negative cells induced decreased production of IFN-γ and TNF-α in alloreactive T cells, and deficiency of HLA-I/II in T cells further dampened the inflammatory responses. Taken together, our approach will provide an efficacious pathway toward the universal donor cell generation by manipulating HLA expression in therapeutic T cells.


Assuntos
Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos/métodos , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Edição de Genes , Antígenos HLA/genética , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Humanos
9.
J Psychiatr Res ; 131: 1-8, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891923

RESUMO

Few studies have compared the three suicidality groups-suicidal ideators (SIs), single suicide attempters (SSAs), and multiple suicide attempters (MSAs)-in relation to the suicidal process. This cross-sectional study investigated trends and differences in suicide risk factors across suicidality groups. Using the baseline data of the Korean Cohort for the Model Predicting a Suicide and Suicide-related Behavior, we analyzed trends (Jonckheere-Terpstra or Mantel-Haenszel χ2 test) and differences (analysis of covariance or logistic regression) in sociodemographic and clinical factors, psychiatric diagnoses, as well as clinical rating scores on psychopathology (suicidal ideation, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and problem drinking), trait impulsiveness, and stress across suicidality groups. Across suicidality groups comprising 193 SIs, 207 SSAs, and 376 MSAs, we observed a decreasing trend in age and increasing trends in history of early trauma, familial histories of suicide attempts and suicide, most diagnoses and psychopathologies (suicidal ideation, anxiety symptoms, and problem drinking), trait impulsiveness, and stress-with MSAs more likely to have histories of early trauma and familial suicide, almost uniformly higher proportions of diagnoses, and higher psychopathology rating scores. Overall, increasing trends in suicide risk factors were found across all suicidality groups. Notably, MSAs presented greater proportions of most psychiatric diagnoses and higher degrees of most psychopathologies, motor impulsiveness, and stress, indicating they were at more severe clinical states and were closer to suicide. Mental health professionals should ascertain the number of suicide attempts to identify MSAs, implement more thorough evaluations, and employ additional measures for reducing motor impulsiveness.


Assuntos
Ideação Suicida , Tentativa de Suicídio , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
10.
Cancer Immunol Res ; 8(11): 1393-1406, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878747

RESUMO

Regulatory T cells (Treg) are enriched in the tumor microenvironment (TME) and suppress antitumor immunity; however, the molecular mechanism underlying the accumulation of Tregs in the TME is poorly understood. In various tumor models, tumor-infiltrating Tregs were highly enriched in the TME and had significantly higher expression of immune checkpoint molecules. To characterize tumor-infiltrating Tregs, we performed bulk RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and found that proliferation-related genes, immune suppression-related genes, and cytokine/chemokine receptor genes were upregulated in tumor-infiltrating Tregs compared with tumor-infiltrating CD4+Foxp3- conventional T cells or splenic Tregs from the same tumor-bearing mice. Single-cell RNA-seq and T-cell receptor sequencing also revealed active proliferation of tumor infiltrating Tregs by clonal expansion. One of these genes, ST2, an IL33 receptor, was identified as a potential factor driving Treg accumulation in the TME. Indeed, IL33-directed ST2 signaling induced the preferential proliferation of tumor-infiltrating Tregs and enhanced tumor progression, whereas genetic deletion of ST2 in Tregs limited their TME accumulation and delayed tumor growth. These data demonstrated the IL33/ST2 axis in Tregs as one of the critical pathways for the preferential accumulation of Tregs in the TME and suggests that the IL33/ST2 axis may be a potential therapeutic target for cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia/métodos , Interleucina-33/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Transdução de Sinais , Microambiente Tumoral
11.
J Atten Disord ; : 1087054720951868, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of combined omega-3 and Korean red ginseng supplementation on ADHD symptoms and cognitive function in children with subthreshold ADHD. METHOD: 120 children from 6 to 12 years with subthreshold ADHD were enrolled in this 12-week, double-blind, randomized, placebocontrolled study. The primary outcome was measured by Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale (ADHD-RS). Children Behavior Check List (CBCL), and neuropsychological tests assessing attention, memory, and executive function were included as secondary primary outcome measures. RESULTS: Significant effects on the scores of ADHDRS, as well as several subscales of CBCL including ADHD and attention problem subscales were revealed. CONCLUSION: The combination of omega-3 and Korean red ginseng may have beneficial effects in children with subthreshold ADHD. Increased clinical awareness of ADHD symptoms even at a subthreshold level is needed.

13.
Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci ; 18(1): 75-80, 2020 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958908

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of omega-3 and Korean red ginseng on improving attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and cognitive function in children with ADHD. Methods: A total of 40 children aged 6 to 12 years diagnosed with ADHD participated in this open-label trial. Participants received daily supplements containing 500 mg of omega-3 (eicosapentaenoic acid, 294 mg; docosahexaenoic acid, 206 mg) and 3 mg of Korean red ginseng extract (combination of ginsenoside Rg1, Rb1, and Rg3) for 12 weeks. No psychotropic drug was allowed during the study period. ADHD symptoms were assessed using the ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) and Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S) scale. Neuropsychological tests on sustained attention, short-term memory, and executive function were also assessed. Results: After 12 weeks, participants showed significant improvements on ADHD-RS (31.12 ± 8.82 at baseline, 24.15 ± 11.45 at endpoint; p < 0.001) and CGI-S (3.38 ± 1.18 at baseline, 2.94 ± 1.00 at endpoint; p < 0.001). On the Continuous Performance Test, commission errors significantly decreased, while reaction time significantly increased. Immediate recall and delayed recall on both Auditory Verbal Learning Test and Complex Figure Test showed significant improvements. Scores of Color-Word Task from Stroop Color-Word Test also showed significant improvements after the treatment. The supplement was well tolerated. Conclusion: The results of this pilot study suggest that the combination of omega-3 and Korean red ginseng may improve ADHD symptoms and cognitive function including attention, memory, and executive function in children with ADHD. Future randomized placebo-controlled trials with a larger sample is warranted.

14.
Int Clin Psychopharmacol ; 35(1): 29-35, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714321

RESUMO

The purpose of the present double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical study was to investigate the effects of Passionflower on polysomnographic sleep parameters in subjects with insomnia disorder. A total number 110 adult participants (mean age = 40.47 ± 11.68, Female = 53.6%) met the inclusion criteria of insomnia disorder according to the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). After randomization, patients received either the Passionflower extract or the placebo for 2 weeks. Patients underwent an overnight polysomnography and completed sleep diaries, Insomnia Severity Index, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Within group comparisons were analyzed with paired t-tests or Wilcoxon's signed rank tests, and between-group comparisons were analyzed with independent t-tests or Mann-Whitney U Tests, as appropriate. Total sleep time (TST) was significantly increased in the Passionflower group compared with placebo (Passionflower vs placebo, 23.05 ± 54.26 vs -0.16 ± 53.12; P = 0.049). Sleep efficiency and wake after sleep onset (WASO) significantly improved after 2 weeks in the Passionflower group but there was no difference compared with the placebo group. The current study demonstrated the positive effects of Passionflower on objective sleep parameters including TST on polysomnography in adults with insomnia disorder. Further study is needed to investigate the clinical efficacy of Passionflower on insomnia.


Assuntos
Hipnóticos e Sedativos/uso terapêutico , Passiflora , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/tratamento farmacológico , Sono/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Extratos Vegetais/efeitos adversos , Polissonografia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
16.
ACS Omega ; 4(22): 19953-19958, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788628

RESUMO

Recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) is an isothermal DNA amplification method with broad applications as a point-of-care test and in molecular biology techniques. Currently, most of the applications are focused on target-specific amplification. Because RPA has the advantage of amplifying DNA under isothermal conditions, we utilized RPA as a DNA library amplification tool. In this study, we used a sheared genomic DNA library and an oligonucleotide (oligo) library for the comparison of polymerase chain reaction and RPA. For the sheared DNA library, we observed biased amplification after RPA was conducted. Thus, to amplify the size-variable DNA library uniformly, we introduced a linear amplification strategy with RPA and successfully improved the uniformity. On the other hand, using the same-sized oligo library, we confirmed that RPA amplified this library uniformly without modification of the protocol. These results demonstrate that RPA can be applied not only to amplify a specific target as previously demonstrated but also to amplify a complex DNA library composed of a large number of different DNA molecules.

17.
Psychiatry Investig ; 16(8): 625-628, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446688

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to examine the severity of suicidal ideation of the older adults according to the amount of involvement in grandchild care. Data for this research were drawn from a cross-sectional study conducted on community-dwelling adults aged 65 years or older. The 922 participants were divided into three groups according to their involvement in grandchild care: 18.5% had provided daily care, 12.4% had provided occasional care, and 69.1% had never cared for their grandchildren. ANCOVA analysis showed that the scores for depression was significantly lower in the group which took care of their grandchildren occasionally compared to the other two groups. The scores for suicidal ideation was significantly higher in the group which had never taken care of their grandchildren compared to the other two groups. Current study suggests that grandparenting may have a positive effect on suicidal ideation of the older adults.

19.
Psychiatry Investig ; 16(3): 249-253, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30934192

RESUMO

"Comfort women" are survivors of sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II, who endured extensive trauma including massive rape and physical torture. While previous studies have been focused on the trauma of the survivors themselves, the effects of the trauma on the offspring has never been evaluated before. In this article, we reviewed the first study on the offspring of former "comfort women" and aimed to detect the evidence of transgenerational transmission of trauma. In-depth psychiatric interviews and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5 Axis I Disorders were conducted with six offspring of former "comfort women." Among the six participants, five suffered from at least one psychiatric disorder including major depressive disorder, panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, adjustment disorder, insomnia disorder, somatic symptom disorder, and alcohol use disorder. Participants showed similar shame and hyperarousal symptoms as their mothers regarding stimuli related to the "comfort woman" issue. Increased irritability, problems with aggression control, negative worldview, and low self-esteem were evident in the children of mothers with posttraumatic stress disorder. Finding evidence of transgenerational transmission of trauma in offspring of "comfort women" is important. Future studies should include more samples and adopt a more objective method.

20.
Compr Psychiatry ; 89: 67-77, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30597426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite heterogeneity of older people in suicidal behavior, research identifying characteristics by age groups is scarce. We examined baseline features of older community-dwelling suicidal ideators by dichotomized age groups and the 6-month trajectory of their suicidal ideation along with its related psychopathology. Predictors of suicidal ideation within each group were investigated. METHODS: Older community-dwelling suicidal ideators enrolled in the Korean Cohort for the Model Predicting a Suicide and Suicide-related Behavior study were subdivided into the "young-old (65-74 years)" and "old-old (≥75 years)" group. Baseline, 1-, and 6-month assessments were compared. Within each group, multiple regression analysis using rating scales (Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, Stress Questionnaire for Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey-Short Form, and Social Relationships Scale) was conducted to identify predictors of suicidal ideation measured with the intensity subscale of the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale. Two-way repeated-measures analysis of variance (RM-ANOVA) was used to compare changes in suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety between age groups over time, and one-way RM-ANOVA to examine changes within each age group. RESULTS: Among 29 "young-old" and 53 "old-old" ideators, the latter were less likely to be receiving psychiatric treatment (odds ratio [OR] = 4.065) and make suicide attempts (OR = 2.874), whereas the former revealed greater levels of anxiety and stress. Baseline depression and stress in the "young-old" group and the "old-old" group, respectively, predicted the intensity of suicidal ideation at both baseline and 1-month assessments. No significant age group x time interactions on suicidal ideation and depression were found. However, within each age group, both suicidal ideation and depression significantly decreased only during the first month with no further improvement. CONCLUSION: We speculate cautiously that more attention may need to be paid to the "old-old" ideators in the evaluation of psychiatric issues and for referral to psychiatrists. To decrease suicidal ideation, tailored approaches involving proactive, timely management of depression in the "young-old" and interventions focusing on stress reduction in the "old-old," would be helpful.


Assuntos
Fatores Etários , Vida Independente/psicologia , Ideação Suicida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
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