Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 48
Filtrar
1.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(43)2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663725

RESUMO

Early identification of atypical infant movement behaviors consistent with underlying neuromotor pathologies can expedite timely enrollment in therapeutic interventions that exploit inherent neuroplasticity to promote recovery. Traditional neuromotor assessments rely on qualitative evaluations performed by specially trained personnel, mostly available in tertiary medical centers or specialized facilities. Such approaches are high in cost, require geographic proximity to advanced healthcare resources, and yield mostly qualitative insight. This paper introduces a simple, low-cost alternative in the form of a technology customized for quantitatively capturing continuous, full-body kinematics of infants during free living conditions at home or in clinical settings while simultaneously recording essential vital signs data. The system consists of a wireless network of small, flexible inertial sensors placed at strategic locations across the body and operated in a wide-bandwidth and time-synchronized fashion. The data serve as the basis for reconstructing three-dimensional motions in avatar form without the need for video recordings and associated privacy concerns, for remote visual assessments by experts. These quantitative measurements can also be presented in graphical format and analyzed with machine-learning techniques, with potential to automate and systematize traditional motor assessments. Clinical implementations with infants at low and at elevated risks for atypical neuromotor development illustrates application of this system in quantitative and semiquantitative assessments of patterns of gross motor skills, along with body temperature, heart rate, and respiratory rate, from long-term and follow-up measurements over a 3-mo period following birth. The engineering aspects are compatible for scaled deployment, with the potential to improve health outcomes for children worldwide via early, pragmatic detection methods.

2.
J Reconstr Microsurg ; 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)-based systems for continuous flap monitoring are highly sensitive for detecting malperfusion. However, the clinical utility and user experience are limited by the wired connection between the sensor and bedside console. This wire leads to instability of the flap-sensor interface and may cause false alarms. METHODS: We present a novel wearable wireless NIRS sensor for continuous fasciocutaneous free flap monitoring. This waterproof silicone-encapsulated Bluetooth-enabled device contains two light-emitting diodes and two photodetectors in addition to a battery sufficient for 5 days of uninterrupted function. This novel device was compared with a ViOptix T.Ox monitor in a porcine rectus abdominus myocutaneous flap model of arterial and venous occlusions. RESULTS: Devices were tested in four flaps using three animals. Both devices produced very similar tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) tracings throughout the vascular clamping events, with obvious and parallel changes occurring on arterial clamping, arterial release, venous clamping, and venous release. Small interdevice variations in absolute StO2 value readings and magnitude of change were observed. The normalized cross-correlation at zero lag describing correspondence between the novel NIRS and T.Ox devices was >0.99 in each trial. CONCLUSION: The wireless NIRS flap monitor is capable of detecting StO2 changes resultant from arterial vascular occlusive events. In this porcine flap model, the functionality of this novel sensor closely mirrored that of the T.Ox wired platform. This device is waterproof, highly adhesive, skin conforming, and has sufficient battery life to function for 5 days. Clinical testing is necessary to determine if this wireless functionality translates into fewer false-positive alarms and a better user experience.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 11942, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099764

RESUMO

We investigated the prognostic influences of BCL1 and BCL2 expression on disease-free survival in breast cancer patients. BCL1 and BCL2 expression statuses were assessed by immunohistochemistry using tissue microarrays from 393 breast cancer patients. The Kaplan-Meier estimator and log-rank test were used for survival analyses. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate hazard ratio (HR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI) of survival analyses. BCL1 expression revealed no impact on survival. The high BCL2 group showed superior disease-free survival compared with the low BCL2 group (p = 0.002), especially regarding local recurrence-free survival (p = 0.045) and systemic recurrence-free survival (p = 0.002). BCL2 expression was a significant prognostic factor by univariable analysis (HR, 0.528; 95% CI, 0.353-0.790; p = 0.002) and by multivariable analysis (HR, 0.547; 95% CI, 0.362-0.826; p = 0.004). High BCL2 expression was associated with higher disease-free survival in the hormone receptor (HRc)-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative (HRc(+)/HER2(-)) subtype only (p = 0.002). The high BCL2 group was associated with positive estrogen receptor (ER), positive progesterone receptor (PR), low histologic grade, and age ≤ 50 years. BCL1 expression had no prognostic impact, but BCL2 expression was a significant independent prognostic factor. High BCL2 expression was associated with higher disease-free survival, especially regarding local recurrence and systemic recurrence. The prognostic effect of BCL2 expression was effective only in the HRc(+)/HER2(-) subtype. Favorable clinicopathologic features and a strong association with the ER/PR status could partly explain the superior prognosis of the high BCL2 group. BCL2 expression could be utilized to assess the prognosis of breast cancer patients in clinical settings.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Ciclina D1/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Análise Serial de Tecidos/métodos
4.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 77(6): 313-316, 2021 06 25.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34158453

RESUMO

A colonic pseudo-obstruction is a disorder that causes abdominal distension and abdominal pain similar to a mechanical obstruction, but there are no structural lesions that can obstruct the gastrointestinal tract. This condition can be acute or chronic. An acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, also called Ogilvie's syndrome, is believed to be a condition induced by other causes that are different from a chronic colonic pseudo-obstruction. The pathogenesis involves abnormalities in the autonomic nervous system induced by systemic diseases or medications, and it often improves when the primary causes are treated. On the other hand, a chronic colonic pseudo-obstruction can occur repeatedly without a particular cause. The authors encountered neuroleptic malignant syndrome that caused acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. This paper reports a case with a review of the relevant literature. This is the first case reported in Korea. This case shows that physicians should consider neuroleptic malignant syndrome as a cause of an acute colonic pseudo-obstruction.


Assuntos
Pseudo-Obstrução do Colo , Síndrome Maligna Neuroléptica , Pseudo-Obstrução do Colo/diagnóstico , Pseudo-Obstrução do Colo/etiologia , Humanos , Síndrome Maligna Neuroléptica/complicações , Síndrome Maligna Neuroléptica/diagnóstico , República da Coreia
6.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(17): e2100383, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938638

RESUMO

Indwelling arterial lines, the clinical gold standard for continuous blood pressure (BP) monitoring in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), have significant drawbacks due to their invasive nature, ischemic risk, and impediment to natural body movement. A noninvasive, wireless, and accurate alternative would greatly improve the quality of patient care. Recently introduced classes of wireless, skin-interfaced devices offer capabilities in continuous, precise monitoring of physiologic waveforms and vital signs in pediatric and neonatal patients, but have not yet been employed for continuous tracking of systolic and diastolic BP-critical for guiding clinical decision-making in the PICU. The results presented here focus on materials and mechanics that optimize the system-level properties of these devices to enhance their reliable use in this context, achieving full compatibility with the range of body sizes, skin types, and sterilization schemes typically encountered in the PICU. Systematic analysis of the data from these devices on 23 pediatric patients, yields derived, noninvasive BP values that can be quantitatively validated against direct recordings from arterial lines. The results from this diverse cohort, including those under pharmacological protocols, suggest that wireless, skin-interfaced devices can, in certain circumstances of practical utility, accurately and continuously monitor BP in the PICU patient population.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos , Sinais Vitais , Pressão Sanguínea , Criança , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Monitorização Fisiológica , Pele
7.
Sci Adv ; 7(20)2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980495

RESUMO

Soft, skin-integrated electronic sensors can provide continuous measurements of diverse physiological parameters, with broad relevance to the future of human health care. Motion artifacts can, however, corrupt the recorded signals, particularly those associated with mechanical signatures of cardiopulmonary processes. Design strategies introduced here address this limitation through differential operation of a matched, time-synchronized pair of high-bandwidth accelerometers located on parts of the anatomy that exhibit strong spatial gradients in motion characteristics. When mounted at a location that spans the suprasternal notch and the sternal manubrium, these dual-sensing devices allow measurements of heart rate and sounds, respiratory activities, body temperature, body orientation, and activity level, along with swallowing, coughing, talking, and related processes, without sensitivity to ambient conditions during routine daily activities, vigorous exercises, intense manual labor, and even swimming. Deployments on patients with COVID-19 allow clinical-grade ambulatory monitoring of the key symptoms of the disease even during rehabilitation protocols.


Assuntos
Acelerometria/instrumentação , Acelerometria/métodos , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial/instrumentação , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial/métodos , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Temperatura Corporal , COVID-19 , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Sci Adv ; 7(18)2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931455

RESUMO

Itch is a common clinical symptom and major driver of disease-related morbidity across a wide range of medical conditions. A substantial unmet need is for objective, accurate measurements of itch. In this article, we present a noninvasive technology to objectively quantify scratching behavior via a soft, flexible, and wireless sensor that captures the acousto-mechanic signatures of scratching from the dorsum of the hand. A machine learning algorithm validated on data collected from healthy subjects (n = 10) indicates excellent performance relative to smartwatch-based approaches. Clinical validation in a cohort of predominately pediatric patients (n = 11) with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis included 46 sleep-nights totaling 378.4 hours. The data indicate an accuracy of 99.0% (84.3% sensitivity, 99.3% specificity) against visual observation. This work suggests broad capabilities relevant to applications ranging from assessing the efficacy of drugs for conditions that cause itch to monitoring disease severity and treatment response.

9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(20)2021 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972445

RESUMO

Vital signs monitoring is a fundamental component of ensuring the health and safety of women and newborns during pregnancy, labor, and childbirth. This monitoring is often the first step in early detection of pregnancy abnormalities, providing an opportunity for prompt, effective intervention to prevent maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Contemporary pregnancy monitoring systems require numerous devices wired to large base units; at least five separate devices with distinct user interfaces are commonly used to detect uterine contractility, maternal blood oxygenation, temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, and fetal heart rate. Current monitoring technologies are expensive and complex with implementation challenges in low-resource settings where maternal morbidity and mortality is the greatest. We present an integrated monitoring platform leveraging advanced flexible electronics, wireless connectivity, and compatibility with a wide range of low-cost mobile devices. Three flexible, soft, and low-profile sensors offer comprehensive vital signs monitoring for both women and fetuses with time-synchronized operation, including advanced parameters such as continuous cuffless blood pressure, electrohysterography-derived uterine monitoring, and automated body position classification. Successful field trials of pregnant women between 25 and 41 wk of gestation in both high-resource settings (n = 91) and low-resource settings (n = 485) demonstrate the system's performance, usability, and safety.

10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(19)2021 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33893178

RESUMO

Capabilities in continuous monitoring of key physiological parameters of disease have never been more important than in the context of the global COVID-19 pandemic. Soft, skin-mounted electronics that incorporate high-bandwidth, miniaturized motion sensors enable digital, wireless measurements of mechanoacoustic (MA) signatures of both core vital signs (heart rate, respiratory rate, and temperature) and underexplored biomarkers (coughing count) with high fidelity and immunity to ambient noises. This paper summarizes an effort that integrates such MA sensors with a cloud data infrastructure and a set of analytics approaches based on digital filtering and convolutional neural networks for monitoring of COVID-19 infections in sick and healthy individuals in the hospital and the home. Unique features are in quantitative measurements of coughing and other vocal events, as indicators of both disease and infectiousness. Systematic imaging studies demonstrate correlations between the time and intensity of coughing, speaking, and laughing and the total droplet production, as an approximate indicator of the probability for disease spread. The sensors, deployed on COVID-19 patients along with healthy controls in both inpatient and home settings, record coughing frequency and intensity continuously, along with a collection of other biometrics. The results indicate a decaying trend of coughing frequency and intensity through the course of disease recovery, but with wide variations across patient populations. The methodology creates opportunities to study patterns in biometrics across individuals and among different demographic groups.


Assuntos
COVID-19/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Taxa Respiratória , Sons Respiratórios , SARS-CoV-2 , Tecnologia sem Fio , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica
11.
Dig Dis Sci ; 66(12): 4423-4428, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cecal intubation is essential during colonoscopy, and observation of the terminal ileum is performed in most clinical practices. However, data on terminal ileal (TI) ulcers observed incidentally during colonoscopy are rare. AIM: We aimed to identify the characteristics and clinical course of TI ulcers observed incidentally during colonoscopy. METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2018, medical records from multi-centers reporting asymptomatic subjects who underwent biopsy on TI ulcers during colonoscopy were retrospectively reviewed. The characteristics of endoscopic findings and clinical course of TI ulcers were analyzed, and the factors affecting the clinical course of TI ulcers were evaluated. RESULTS: The median follow-up durations from first to second colonoscopy and from second to third colonoscopy were 20 months (interquartile range, 12-36) and 24 months (interquartile range, 12-34), respectively. A total of 134 subjects were included in the analysis. The histopathologic findings of TI ulcers were mostly chronic or active ileitis/inflammation (92.7%). On the second colonoscopy, 59 (44.0%) patients had no ulcers, 38 (28.4%) showed a decrease in size or number, and 37 (27.6%) patients showed no change in ulcers. Among 62 subjects who underwent a third colonoscopy, 14 (10.4%) had decreased size or number, 10 (7.5%) had no ulcer change, and two (1.5%) had increased ulcer size or number. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, a star shape was the only factor affecting continuation without improvement of incidental TI ulcers. CONCLUSIONS: Most TI ulcers observed incidentally showed no unusual findings on biopsy and improved on follow-up colonoscopy without treatment.

12.
Arab J Gastroenterol ; 22(2): 115-120, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33551349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is the most effective treatment for early gastric cancer or gastric adenoma. However, ESD results in iatrogenic ulcers and postoperative bleeding from ulcers. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of using a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) alone, a PPI + rebamipide combination therapy, and an H2 receptor antagonist (H2RA) + rebamipide combination therapy on ulcer healing after ESD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 204 patients who underwent ESD from April 2014 to July 2017 at Dong-A University Hospital were randomly assigned to the following groups: PPI-alone group, PPI + rebamipide combination therapy group, and H2RA + rebamipide combination therapy group. However, only 156 patients were studied since we excluded those who were lost to follow-up or had diseases other than early gastric cancer or gastric adenoma. Twenty-eight days after ESD, we evaluated the ulcer residual ratio, S stage rates, ulcer bleeding ratio, and gastric pH. RESULTS: This study included 156 patients (PPI-alone group: 52 patients; PPI + rebamipide group: 52 patients; H2RA + rebamipide group: 52 patients). The ulcer residual ratios were 24.3 ± 14.2%, 17.0 ± 12.1%, and 21.0 ± 13.8% in the PPI alone, PPI + rebamipide, and H2RA + rebamipide groups, respectively (P = 0.048). CONCLUSIONS: PPI + rebamipide was more effective in reducing the ulcer residual ratio after ESD. There was no statistical difference in ulcer stage and delayed bleeding after ESD among the groups. These findings showed that PPI + rebamipide had limited benefits after ESD.


Assuntos
Antiulcerosos , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Neoplasias Gástricas , Úlcera Gástrica , Antiulcerosos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Úlcera
13.
Tissue Eng Regen Med ; 18(3): 453-465, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autologous nerve grafts are the gold standard treatment for peripheral nerve injury treatment. However, this procedure cannot avoid sacrificing other nerves as a major limitation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) embedded in a nerve conduit. METHODS: A 10-mm segment of the sciatic nerve was resected in 21 rats, and the nerve injury was repaired with one of the following (n = 7 per group): autologous nerve graft, poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) conduit and OECs, and PCL conduit only. The consequent effect on nerve regeneration was measured based on the nerve conduction velocity (NCV), amplitude of the compound muscle action potential (ACMAP), wet muscle weight, histomorphometric analysis, and nerve density quantification. RESULTS: Histomorphometric analysis revealed nerve regeneration and angiogenesis in all groups. However, there were significant differences (p < 0.05) in the ACMAP nerve regeneration rate of the gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior muscles between the autologous graft (37.9 ± 14.3% and 39.1% ± 20.4%) and PCL only (17.8 ± 8.6% and 13.6 ± 5.8%) groups, and between the PCL only and PCL + OECs (46.3 ± 20.0% and 34.5 ± 14.6%) groups, with no differences between the autologous nerve and PCL + OEC groups (p > 0.05). No significant results in NCV, wet muscle weight, and nerve density quantification were observed among the 3 groups. CONCLUSION: A PCL conduit with OECs enhances the regeneration of injured peripheral nerves, offering a good alternative to autologous nerve grafts.


Assuntos
Regeneração Nervosa , Tecido Nervoso , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Nervo Isquiático , Tecidos Suporte
14.
Dig Dis Sci ; 66(8): 2756-2762, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32808142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adenoma detection rate (ADR) is an important quality indicator of colonoscopy. High-definition (HD) colonoscopy has been reported to increase ADR compared to standard-definition (SD) colonoscopy. Although there are few reports comparing the latest generation and the previous generation of HD colonoscopy equipment, there are reports that the latest generation colonoscopy equipment improves ADR. However, there are no reports on the impact of the latest generation HD colonoscopy on the ADR of trainee endoscopists. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the latest generation HD colonoscopy increases the ADR of trainee endoscopists compared with the previous generation HD colonoscopy. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of patients aged 40-79 years old, who underwent screening or surveillance colonoscopy performed by nine gastroenterology fellows at Dong-A University Hospital from March 2019 to February 2020. We calculated the overall ratios of the ADR: the ADRs of the group using the older generation HD colonoscopy equipment and the group using the latest HD colonoscopy equipment. Polyp detection rate (PDR), sessile serrated polyp detection rate (SSPDR), and advanced neoplasia detection rate (ANDR) were calculated for each group. Factors related to adenoma detection were identified using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Altogether, 2189 patients were included in the study (the older HD colonoscopy group comprising 1183 and the latest HD colonoscopy group comprising 1006). We found that PDR (45.98 vs. 51.69%, p = 0.008) and ADR (35.67 vs. 40.85%, p = 0.013) were significantly higher in the latest generation HD colonoscopy group. The generational differences were not statistically significant for SSPDR (1.94 vs. 2.78%, p = 0.195) or ANDR (4.65 vs. 4.97%, p = 0.726). In the multivariate regression analysis, age, male sex, the latest generation HD colonoscopy, and long withdrawal time were the most significant factors affecting adenoma detection. CONCLUSIONS: The latest generation HD colonoscopy improved PDR and ADR by trainee endoscopists. These findings suggest that latest generation, higher-resolution colonoscopy equipment can improve the quality of colonoscopy for less experienced endoscopists.


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Colonoscopia/instrumentação , Gastroenterologia/educação , Adenoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Sci Adv ; 6(49)2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277260

RESUMO

Present-day dermatological diagnostic tools are expensive, time-consuming, require substantial operational expertise, and typically probe only the superficial layers of skin (~15 µm). We introduce a soft, battery-free, noninvasive, reusable skin hydration sensor (SHS) adherable to most of the body surface. The platform measures volumetric water content (up to ~1 mm in depth) and wirelessly transmits data to any near-field communication-compatible smartphone. The SHS is readily manufacturable, comprises unique powering and encapsulation strategies, and achieves high measurement precision (±5% volumetric water content) and resolution (±0.015°C skin surface temperature). Validation on n = 16 healthy/normal human participants reveals an average skin water content of ~63% across multiple body locations. Pilot studies on patients with atopic dermatitis (AD), psoriasis, urticaria, xerosis cutis, and rosacea highlight the diagnostic capability of the SHS (P AD = 0.0034) and its ability to study impact of topical treatments on skin diseases.

16.
Sci Transl Med ; 12(574)2020 12 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328330

RESUMO

Precise form-fitting of prosthetic sockets is important for the comfort and well-being of persons with limb amputations. Capabilities for continuous monitoring of pressure and temperature at the skin-prosthesis interface can be valuable in the fitting process and in monitoring for the development of dangerous regions of increased pressure and temperature as limb volume changes during daily activities. Conventional pressure transducers and temperature sensors cannot provide comfortable, irritation-free measurements because of their relatively rigid construction and requirements for wired interfaces to external data acquisition hardware. Here, we introduce a millimeter-scale pressure sensor that adopts a soft, three-dimensional design that integrates into a thin, flexible battery-free, wireless platform with a built-in temperature sensor to allow operation in a noninvasive, imperceptible fashion directly at the skin-prosthesis interface. The sensor system mounts on the surface of the skin of the residual limb, in single or multiple locations of interest. A wireless reader module attached to the outside of the prosthetic socket wirelessly provides power to the sensor and wirelessly receives data from it, for continuous long-range transmission to a standard consumer electronic device such as a smartphone or tablet computer. Characterization of both the sensor and the system, together with theoretical analysis of the key responses, illustrates linear, accurate responses and the ability to address the entire range of relevant pressures and to capture skin temperature accurately, both in a continuous mode. Clinical application in two prosthesis users demonstrates the functionality and feasibility of this soft, wireless system.


Assuntos
Membros Artificiais , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Desenho de Prótese , Pele , Temperatura
17.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 76(5): 246-250, 2020 11 25.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33234772

RESUMO

Colonoscopy is a safe and extremely popular diagnostic and therapeutic procedure. The most common complications are bleeding and perforation. Hemoperitoneum is a rare complication after a colonoscopy and is usually associated with splenic injury or solid organ pathology. This is potentially serious and can be life threatening. With the increasing number of colonoscopies performed, there has also been an increasing trend in reports of rare complications, such as pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, appendicitis, small bowel perforation, septicemia, mesenteric tear, retroperitoneal abscess, and hemoperitoneum. This paper reports a unique case of hemoperitoneum after a recent colonoscopy without a splenic rupture or intra-abdominal abnormality, or external trauma. Most hemoperitoneum occurs within 48 hours after the inciting colonoscopy. In the present case, however, hemoperitoneum appeared 10 days after the colonoscopy. This case emphasizes that physicians should consider hemoperitoneum in a differential diagnosis of abdominal pain in patients after colonoscopy.

18.
Lab Chip ; 20(23): 4391-4403, 2020 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089837

RESUMO

Important insights into human health can be obtained through the non-invasive collection and detailed analysis of sweat, a biofluid that contains a wide range of essential biomarkers. Skin-interfaced microfluidic platforms, characterized by soft materials and thin geometries, offer a collection of capabilities for in situ capture, storage, and analysis of sweat and its constituents. In ambulatory uses cases, the ability to provide real-time feedback on sweat loss, rate and content, without visual inspection of the device, can be important. This paper introduces a low-profile skin-interfaced system that couples disposable microfluidic sampling devices with reusable 'stick-on' electrodes and wireless readout electronics that remain isolated from the sweat. An ultra-thin capping layer on the microfluidic platform permits high-sensitivity, contactless capacitive measurements of both sweat loss and sweat conductivity. This architecture avoids the potential for corrosion of the sensing components and eliminates the need for cleaning/sterilizing the electronics, thereby resulting in a cost-effective platform that is simple to use. Optimized electrode designs follow from a combination of extensive benchtop testing, analytical calculations and FEA simulations for two sensing configurations: (1) sweat rate and loss, and (2) sweat conductivity, which contains information about electrolyte content. Both configurations couple to a flexible, wireless electronics platform that digitizes and transmits information to Bluetooth-enabled devices. On-body field testing during physical exercise validates the performance of the system in scenarios of practical relevance to human health and performance.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Suor , Eletrônica , Humanos , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Microfluídica , Pele
19.
J Breast Cancer ; 23(4): 438-446, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908793

RESUMO

Multiple primary malignancies are defined as the presence of more than one malignant neoplasm with a distinct histology occurring at different sites in the same individual. They are classified as synchronous or metachronous according to the diagnostic time interval of different malignancies. Diagnosis of multiple primary malignancies should avoid misclassification from multifocal/multicentric tumors or recurrent/metastatic lesions. In multiple primary malignancies, with increase in the number of primary tumors, the frequency rapidly decreases. Here, we report an exceptionally rare case of a woman who was diagnosed with metachronous sporadic sextuple primary malignancies including bilateral breast cancers (gastric cancer, ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor, left breast cancer, thyroid cancer, right breast cancer, and rectal neuroendocrine tumor). The sextuple primary malignancies in this case involved 5 different organs: the stomach, ovary, thyroid, rectum, and bilateral breasts. Further studies are needed to elucidate the current epidemiologic status of patients with multiple primary malignancies.

20.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 75(6): 314-321, 2020 06 25.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32581202

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the worldwide. Colonoscopy is the gold standard for screening and surveillance of CRC. Removing adenomas by colonoscopy has lowered the incidence and mortality of CRC. However, colonoscopy is imperfect for detection of colorectal neoplasia. After a colonoscopy that is negative for malignancy, CRC can be diagnosed. These are termed as post-colonoscopy CRC (PCCRC). The proportion of PCCRC, among all CRC was reported to be 1.8% to 9.0%. It occurred 2.4 times more in the right colon than in the left colon. The causes of PCCRC are missed lesions, incomplete resection, and new lesions. Among these causes, missed lesion and incomplete resection are procedural factors and preventable. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the quality of colonoscopy to minimize the occurrence of PCCRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/patologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Pólipos do Colo/cirurgia , Colonoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...